Producer Price Index News Release

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until                          USDL 17-0215 
8:30 a.m. (EST), Tuesday, February 14, 2017

Technical information:      (202) 691-7705  *  ppi-info@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/ppi
Media contact:              (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov                                    


                              PRODUCER PRICE INDEXES - JANUARY 2017


The Producer Price Index for final demand increased 0.6 percent in January, seasonally adjusted, 
the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Final demand prices rose 0.2 percent in 
December and 0.5 percent in November. (See table A.) On an unadjusted basis, the final demand 
index climbed 1.6 percent for the 12 months ended January 2017.

In January, over 60 percent of the advance in the final demand index is attributable to a 1.0-
percent increase in prices for final demand goods. The index for final demand services moved up 
0.3 percent.

Prices for final demand less foods, energy, and trade services rose 0.2 percent in January after 
inching up 0.1 percent in December. For the 12 months ended in January, the index for final 
demand less foods, energy, and trade services climbed 1.6 percent.

Final Demand

Final demand goods: Prices for final demand goods moved up 1.0 percent in January, the largest 
rise since a 1.0-percent advance in May 2015. Three-fourths of the January increase can be traced to 
the index for final demand energy, which jumped 4.7 percent. Prices for final demand goods less 
foods and energy climbed 0.4 percent. The index for final demand foods was unchanged.

Product detail: Over half of the January increase in prices for final demand goods is attributable to 
the gasoline index, which advanced 12.9 percent. The indexes for pharmaceutical preparations, iron 
and steel scrap, home heating oil, residential natural gas, and pork also moved higher. In contrast, 
prices for beef and veal fell 7.2 percent. The indexes for light motor trucks and for candy and nuts 
also decreased. (See table 4.)

Final demand services: The index for final demand services rose 0.3 percent in January after edging 
up 0.1 percent in December. Over 80 percent of the January increase can be traced to margins for 
final demand trade services, which advanced 0.9 percent. (Trade indexes measure changes in margins 
received by wholesalers and retailers.) The index for final demand transportation and warehousing 
services climbed 1.1 percent. Conversely, prices for final demand services less trade, transportation, 
and warehousing inched down 0.1 percent.

Product detail: Nearly half of the January increase in the index for final demand services can be 
attributed to margins for apparel, jewelry, footwear, and accessories retailing, which advanced 4.8 
percent. The indexes for fuels and lubricants retailing, loan services (partial), airline passenger 
services, food and alcohol retailing, and services related to securities brokerage and dealing also 
moved higher. In contrast, prices for guestroom rental fell 3.3 percent. The indexes for apparel 
wholesaling and bundled wired telecommunications access services also decreased.

Table A. Monthly and 12-month percent changes in selected final demand price indexes, seasonally adjusted
Month Total
final
demand
Final
demand
less
foods,
energy,
and
trade
Final demand goods Final demand services Change
in final
demand
from 12
months
ago
(unadj.)
Change
in final
demand
less
foods,
energy,
and
trade
from 12
mo. ago
(unadj.)
Total Foods Energy Less
foods
and
energy
Total Trade Transportation
and
warehousing
Other

2016

Jan.

0.5 0.4 -0.3 1.1 -3.2 0.1 0.9 1.7 0.2 0.5 0.0 0.8

Feb.

-0.2 0.1 -0.6 -0.1 -3.9 0.1 0.0 -0.4 -0.3 0.2 0.1 0.9

Mar.

-0.2 0.0 0.0 -1.2 0.9 0.1 -0.3 -0.8 0.0 0.0 -0.1 0.9

Apr.

0.3 0.3 0.4 -0.4 1.8 0.3 0.2 0.2 -0.1 0.3 0.2 1.0

May

0.2 -0.1 0.7 0.4 2.9 0.2 0.0 0.2 -0.5 -0.1 0.0 1.0

June

0.5 0.2 0.7 0.4 2.7 0.2 0.4 0.7 0.1 0.2 0.2 1.0

July

-0.1 0.2 -0.2 -0.7 -0.3 0.0 0.0 -0.8 0.4 0.4 0.0 1.0

Aug.

-0.2 0.1 -0.3 -1.1 -0.9 0.2 -0.2 -0.7 -0.3 0.1 0.0 1.2

Sept.

0.3 0.1 0.5 0.5 1.5 0.1 0.3 0.7 -0.7 0.2 0.6 1.3

Oct.

-0.1 0.1 0.3 -1.1 2.5 0.1 -0.4 -1.2 1.5 -0.1 0.8 1.6

Nov.

0.5 0.2 0.2 0.5 0.1 0.2 0.5 1.3 0.1 0.2 1.3 1.8

Dec.

0.2 0.1 0.6 0.5 1.8 0.3 0.1 0.0 -0.3 0.1 1.6 1.7

2017

Jan.

0.6 0.2 1.0 0.0 4.7 0.4 0.3 0.9 1.1 -0.1 1.6 1.6

NOTE: Some of the percent changes shown here and elsewhere in this release may differ from those previously reported because seasonal adjustment factors have been recalculated to reflect developments during 2016. In addition, indexes for September 2016 have been recalculated to incorporate late reports and corrections by respondents. All indexes are subject to revision 4 months after original publication.

Intermediate Demand by Commodity Type

Within intermediate demand in January, prices for processed goods advanced 1.1 percent, the index 
for unprocessed goods rose 3.8 percent, and prices for services climbed 0.3 percent. (See tables B 
and C.)

Processed goods for intermediate demand: The index for processed goods for intermediate 
demand moved up 1.1 percent in January, the largest increase since a similar 1.1-percent rise in 
February 2013. Over three-fourths of the January advance is attributable to a 4.9-percent rise in 
prices for processed energy goods. The indexes for processed materials less foods and energy and for 
processed foods and feeds increased 0.3 percent and 0.5 percent, respectively. For the 12 months 
ended in January, prices for processed goods for intermediate demand climbed 3.8 percent, the 
largest rise since a 4.3-percent advance in the 12 months ended January 2012.

Product detail: A major factor in the January advance in the index for processed goods for 
intermediate demand was prices for industrial electric power, which increased 7.7 percent. The 
indexes for gasoline, utility natural gas, basic organic chemicals, diesel fuel, and pork also moved 
higher. Conversely, prices for beef and veal dropped 7.2 percent. The indexes for commercial electric 
power and for thermoplastic resins and plastics materials also decreased. (See table 5.)

Unprocessed goods for intermediate demand: Prices for unprocessed goods for intermediate 
demand rose 3.8 percent in January following an 8.4-percent jump in December. In January, about 60 
percent of the broad-based increase is attributable to a 6.7-percent advance in the index for 
unprocessed energy materials. Prices for unprocessed foodstuffs and feedstuffs and for unprocessed 
nonfood materials less energy also moved higher, rising 2.2 percent and 3.2 percent, respectively. For 
the 12 months ended in January, the index for unprocessed goods for intermediate demand increased 
17.6 percent, the largest 12-month advance since a 20.0-percent rise in September 2011.

Product detail: Two-thirds of the January increase in the index for unprocessed goods for 
intermediate demand can be traced to prices for natural gas, which rose 23.6 percent. The indexes for 
iron and steel scrap, coal, slaughter hogs, raw milk, and slaughter steers and heifers also rose. In 
contrast, prices for crude petroleum fell 5.5 percent. The indexes for slaughter poultry and gold ores 
also declined. 

Table B. Monthly and 12-month percent changes in selected intermediate demand price indexes for goods by commodity type, seasonally adjusted
Month Processed goods for intermediate demand Unprocessed goods for intermediate demand
Total Foods
and
feeds
Energy
goods
Less
foods
and
energy
Total,
change
from 12
months
ago
(unadj.)
Total Foodstuffs
and
feedstuffs
Energy
materials
Nonfood
materials
less
energy
Total,
change
from 12
months
ago
(unadj.)

2016

Jan.

-0.9 -0.4 -3.2 -0.4 -5.3 0.0 4.1 -5.5 -0.5 -17.5

Feb.

-0.8 0.4 -3.6 -0.3 -5.8 -1.7 -0.6 -5.8 0.7 -16.4

Mar.

-0.1 -0.4 0.1 0.0 -5.5 1.3 -1.2 3.6 2.6 -14.4

Apr.

0.4 -0.4 1.4 0.3 -4.6 2.2 -2.1 8.3 3.6 -13.0

May

0.8 1.0 2.9 0.3 -4.5 2.9 -0.4 7.6 3.4 -12.8

June

0.8 1.3 3.5 0.2 -4.1 2.5 1.3 6.4 -0.2 -10.8

July

0.2 -0.4 0.6 0.1 -3.7 0.8 -2.1 5.6 0.6 -7.6

Aug.

-0.1 -1.1 -1.3 0.3 -3.0 -2.1 -2.1 -4.0 0.3 -6.5

Sept.

0.3 -0.3 1.7 0.1 -1.3 -0.6 -2.1 2.7 -2.0 -4.9

Oct.

0.4 -1.2 1.5 0.3 -0.5 -0.5 -5.6 5.9 -1.3 -4.2

Nov.

0.3 0.8 -0.3 0.4 0.2 -0.4 2.4 -5.1 2.2 0.2

Dec.

0.4 0.6 1.7 0.2 1.8 8.4 6.0 14.9 3.5 13.2

2017

Jan.

1.1 0.5 4.9 0.3 3.8 3.8 2.2 6.7 3.2 17.6

NOTE: Some of the percent changes shown here and elsewhere in this release may differ from those previously reported because seasonal adjustment factors have been recalculated to reflect developments during 2016. In addition, indexes for September 2016 have been recalculated to incorporate late reports and corrections by respondents. All indexes are subject to revision 4 months after original publication.

Services for intermediate demand: The index for services for intermediate demand advanced 0.3 
percent in January, the fourth consecutive increase. The January rise can be traced to prices for 
services less trade, transportation, and warehousing for intermediate demand, which moved up 0.4 
percent. Conversely, margins for trade services for intermediate demand and the index for 
transportation and warehousing services for intermediate demand both decreased 0.2 percent. For the 
12 months ended in January, prices for services for intermediate demand advanced 1.5 percent.

Product detail: Most of the increase in the index for services for intermediate demand can be 
attributed to prices for business loans (partial), which rose 5.5 percent. The indexes for services 
related to securities brokerage and dealing, portfolio management, airline passenger services, fuels 
and lubricants retailing, and legal services also increased. In contrast, margins for building materials, 
paint, and hardware wholesaling fell 3.2 percent. Prices for advertising space in periodicals and 
newspapers and for ground courier and messenger services also moved lower.

Table C. Monthly and 12-month percent changes in selected intermediate demand price indexes for services by commodity type, seasonally adjusted
Month Services for intermediate demand
Total Trade Transportation
and
warehousing
Other Total, change
from 12 months
ago (unadj.)

2016

Jan.

1.3 0.5 -0.5 1.9 1.5

Feb.

0.2 -0.3 0.2 0.4 1.9

Mar.

0.0 -0.1 0.0 0.0 1.6

Apr.

0.0 -0.1 -0.4 0.1 1.1

May

-0.1 0.3 -0.1 -0.3 1.1

June

0.4 1.1 0.2 0.4 1.4

July

0.4 0.2 0.3 0.5 1.7

Aug.

-0.2 -1.6 0.0 0.2 1.3

Sept.

-0.1 -0.3 -0.7 0.1 1.8

Oct.

0.1 -0.2 1.2 -0.2 2.3

Nov.

0.1 0.1 0.0 0.3 2.3

Dec.

0.4 1.1 0.2 0.3 2.5

2017

Jan.

0.3 -0.2 -0.2 0.4 1.5

NOTE: Some of the percent changes shown here and elsewhere in this release may differ from those previously reported because seasonal adjustment factors have been recalculated to reflect developments during 2016. In addition, indexes for September 2016 have been recalculated to incorporate late reports and corrections by respondents. All indexes are subject to revision 4 months after original publication.

Intermediate Demand by Production Flow

Stage 4 intermediate demand: The index for stage 4 intermediate demand increased 0.5 percent in 
January, the fifth consecutive rise. In January, prices for total goods inputs to stage 4 intermediate 
demand moved up 0.7 percent, and the index for total services inputs advanced 0.4 percent. (See 
table D.) Increases in prices for industrial electric power, business loans (partial), gasoline, portfolio 
management, services related to securities brokerage and dealing, and diesel fuel outweighed 
decreases in the indexes for building materials, paint, and hardware wholesaling; beef and veal; and 
motor vehicle parts. For the 12 months ended in January, prices for stage 4 intermediate demand rose 
1.8 percent, the largest increase since a 1.8-percent advance in the 12 months ended February 2013.

Stage 3 intermediate demand: The index for stage 3 intermediate demand moved up 0.9 percent in 
January, the third consecutive increase. In January, prices for total goods inputs to stage 3 
intermediate demand advanced 1.8 percent. Conversely, the index for total services inputs moved 
down 0.2 percent. Increases in prices for gasoline, slaughter hogs, raw milk, business loans (partial), 
services related to securities brokerage and dealing, and slaughter steers and heifers outweighed 
declines in the indexes for advertising space sales in periodicals and newspapers, ground courier and 
messenger services, and slaughter poultry. For the 12 months ended in January, prices for stage 3 
intermediate demand rose 2.5 percent, the largest advance since a 2.8-percent increase in October 
2014.

Stage 2 intermediate demand: The index for stage 2 intermediate demand increased 1.2 percent in 
January following a 2.2-percent rise in December. In January, prices for total goods inputs to stage 2 
intermediate demand advanced 2.2 percent, and the index for total services inputs moved up 0.4 
percent. Higher prices for natural gas; services related to securities brokerage and dealing; coal; 
portfolio management; airline passenger services; and hay, hayseeds, and oilseeds outweighed 
declines in the indexes for crude petroleum, ground courier and messenger services, and 
thermoplastic resins and plastics materials. For the 12 months ended in January, the index for stage 2 
intermediate demand advanced 7.9 percent, the largest rise since an 8.0-percent increase in 
November 2011.

Stage 1 intermediate demand: The index for stage 1 intermediate demand advanced 1.5 percent in 
January, the fifth consecutive rise. In January, prices for total goods inputs to stage 1 intermediate 
demand moved up 2.3 percent, and the index for total services inputs increased 0.4 percent. Higher 
prices for iron and steel scrap, basic organic chemicals, business loans (partial), diesel fuel, gasoline, 
and natural gas outweighed declines in the indexes for passenger car rental; building materials, paint, 
and hardware wholesaling; and crude petroleum. For the 12 months ended in January, the index for 
stage 1 intermediate demand advanced 5.6 percent, the largest rise since a 5.7-percent increase in the 
12 months ended November 2011.

Table D. Monthly percent changes in selected intermediate demand price indexes by production flow, seasonally adjusted
Month Stage 4 intermediate
demand
Stage 3 intermediate
demand
Stage 2 intermediate
demand
Stage 1 intermediate
demand
Total Goods
inputs
Services
inputs
Total Goods
inputs
Services
inputs
Total Goods
inputs
Services
inputs
Total Goods
inputs
Services
inputs

2016

Jan.

0.3 -0.4 1.0 0.2 -0.5 0.9 -0.1 -2.2 1.3 0.0 -1.2 1.5

Feb.

-0.1 -0.3 0.1 -0.7 -1.5 0.4 -0.6 -1.7 0.2 -0.5 -1.2 0.1

Mar.

-0.1 0.0 -0.1 0.0 -0.1 0.0 0.4 0.5 0.2 0.3 0.8 -0.2

Apr.

0.2 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.2 -0.1 0.8 2.4 -0.1 0.9 1.3 0.2

May

0.2 0.4 -0.1 0.2 0.4 -0.1 1.2 3.1 0.1 0.9 2.1 -0.5

June

0.5 0.6 0.5 0.8 1.1 0.4 1.1 2.5 0.2 0.9 0.9 0.9

July

0.2 0.1 0.4 0.2 0.1 0.4 0.9 1.2 0.6 0.1 0.0 0.3

Aug.

-0.2 -0.1 -0.3 -0.6 -0.7 -0.4 -0.5 -1.1 -0.1 -0.5 -0.3 -0.7

Sept.

0.1 0.2 -0.1 -0.1 -0.1 -0.1 0.3 0.7 -0.1 0.1 0.2 -0.1

Oct.

0.1 0.0 0.0 -0.4 -0.6 0.0 1.1 2.3 0.3 0.2 0.3 -0.1

Nov.

0.1 0.2 0.2 0.5 0.7 0.1 -0.6 -1.3 0.0 0.6 1.0 0.2

Dec.

0.5 0.4 0.4 1.7 2.5 0.9 2.2 4.6 0.4 1.1 1.8 0.4

2017

Jan.

0.5 0.7 0.4 0.9 1.8 -0.2 1.2 2.2 0.4 1.5 2.3 0.4

NOTE: Some of the percent changes shown here and elsewhere in this release may differ from those previously reported because seasonal adjustment factors have been recalculated to reflect developments during 2016. In addition, indexes for September 2016 have been recalculated to incorporate late reports and corrections by respondents. All indexes are subject to revision 4 months after original publication.

________________
The Producer Price Index for February 2017 is scheduled to be released on Tuesday, 
March 14, 2017 at 8:30 a.m. (EDT).


                                             *****

                           Recalculation of Seasonal Adjustment Factors

Effective with this release, seasonal adjustment factors have been recalculated to reflect price-
movement patterns during 2016 for the Final Demand-Intermediate Demand (FD-ID) System and 
commodity-grouping indexes. This routine annual recalculation may affect previously published 
seasonally adjusted indexes and percent changes for January 2012 through December 2016. 

Revised seasonally adjusted data for this period, as well as seasonal adjustment factors for directly 
adjusted commodity indexes to be used through December 2017, were released February 10, 2017. 
To obtain this information, contact the Division of Industrial Prices and Price Indexes, Section of 
Index Analysis and Public Information at ppi-info@bls.gov or (202) 691-7705, or visit the Producer 
Price Index homepage at https://www.bls.gov/ppi.

Tables E and F below provide monthly seasonally adjusted percent changes for major FD-ID system 
indexes in 2016, based on former and recalculated seasonal factors. These percent changes include 
final price data through August 2016 and may differ from values shown in tables A through D of this 
release, which include final price data through September 2016.

Table E.  Over-the-month percent changes in major final demand indexes, seasonally adjusted, using 
former and recalculated seasonal factors for 2016

               Final           Final demand       Final demand    Final demand less foods,
               demand             goods             services     energy, and trade services
Month      Former  Recalc.    Former  Recalc.    Former  Recalc.      Former   Recalc.
January      0.4     0.5       -0.5    -0.3        0.9     0.9          0.3      0.4
February     -.3     -.2        -.7     -.6        -.1      .0           .1       .1
March        -.2     -.2         .0      .0        -.3     -.3           .1       .0
April         .3      .3         .4      .4         .2      .2           .2       .3
May           .3      .2         .8      .7         .0      .0           .0      -.1
June          .5      .5         .7      .7         .4      .4           .3       .2
July         -.2     -.1        -.2     -.2         .0      .0           .2       .2
August       -.2     -.2        -.4     -.3        -.3     -.2           .0       .1
September     .3      .3         .5      .5         .3      .3           .3       .3
October       .0     -.1         .4      .3        -.3     -.4          -.1      -.1
November      .4      .5         .2      .2         .5      .5           .2       .2
December      .3      .2         .7      .6         .1      .1           .1       .1
 

Table F.  Over-the-month percent changes in major intermediate demand indexes, seasonally 
adjusted, using former and recalculated seasonal factors for 2016

            Processed goods for       Unprocessed goods for          Services for
            intermediate demand        intermediate demand        intermediate demand
Month      Former   Recalculated      Former   Recalculated      Former   Recalculated
January     -0.9        -0.9            0.2         0.0            1.3         1.3
February     -.9         -.8           -1.9        -1.7             .2          .2
March         .0         -.1            1.6         1.3             .0          .0
April         .3          .4            2.2         2.2             .0          .0
May           .9          .8            3.2         2.9            -.2         -.1
June          .9          .8            2.3         2.5             .4          .4
July          .2          .2             .1          .8             .4          .4
August       -.1         -.1           -2.0        -2.1            -.2         -.2
September     .4          .4            -.7         -.5             .6          .6
October       .3          .3            -.6         -.6            -.6         -.6
November      .3          .3             .0         -.4             .2          .1
December      .5          .4            8.3         8.4             .4          .4



                                          Technical Note


Brief Explanation of Producer Price Indexes

   The Producer Price Index (PPI) of the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) is a family of 
indexes that measures the average change over time in prices received (price changes) by 
producers for domestically produced goods, services, and construction.  PPIs measure 
price change from the perspective of the seller.  This contrasts with other measures, 
such as the Consumer Price Index (CPI).  CPIs measure price change from the purchaser's 
perspective.  

   More than 10,000 PPIs for individual products and groups of products are released each 
month. PPIs are available for the products of virtually every industry in the mining and 
manufacturing sectors. Over time, new PPIs have been introduced for products of 
industries in the services and construction sectors of the U.S. economy. As of January 
2013, the PPI covered about 70 percent of services as measured by 2007 Census revenue, 
and 34 percent of construction.

   More than 100,000 price quotations per month are organized into three sets of PPIs: 
(1) Final demand-Intermediate demand (FD-ID) indexes, (2) commodity indexes, and (3) 
indexes for the net output of industries and their products.  The FD-ID structure 
organizes products by class of buyer and degree of fabrication as well as by stage of 
production.  The commodity structure organizes products by similarity of end use or 
product type.  The entire output of various industries is sampled to derive price indexes 
for the net output of industries and their products. 


Final Demand-Intermediate Demand Indexes

   The PPI FD-ID structure measures price change for goods, services, and construction 
sold to final demand and to intermediate demand. The FD-ID system replaced the PPI stage-
of-processing (SOP) system as PPI's primary aggregation model with the release of data 
for January 2014. The FD-ID model expands coverage beyond that of the SOP system through 
the addition of services, construction, exports, and government purchases.  

   Compared with finished goods under the SOP system, the PPI for final demand goods 
includes nearly a 50 percent expansion of coverage. This increase can be traced to the 
addition of government purchases and exports. For overall final demand, expansion to 
include final demand services represents an even larger increase in coverage. In December 
2012, final demand goods were about 34.5 percent of overall final demand, final demand 
services were roughly 63.5 percent, and final demand construction was about 2.0 percent 
of final demand. Within intermediate demand, coverage of services for intermediate demand 
resulted in about a 45 percent increase in coverage of the intermediate demand portion of 
the economy. 

   FD-ID indexes are constructed from commodity-based producer output price indexes.  
Commodities are allocated to aggregate indexes primarily based on the type of buyer.  The 
main source of data used to determine the type of buyer is the "Use of commodities by 
industries, before redefinition," table from the Benchmark Input-Output Accounts of the 
U.S. In many cases, the same commodity is purchased by different types of buyers.  As a 
result, commodities are often included in several FD-ID indexes.  For example, regular 
gasoline is purchased for personal consumption, export, government use, and business use. 
The PPI program publishes only one commodity index for regular gasoline (wpu057104), 
reflecting sales to all types of buyers, and this index is used in all aggregations 
regardless of whether the gasoline is sold for personal consumption, as an export, to 
government, or to businesses.  Proportions based on BEA "Use of Commodities" data are 
used to allocate the correct portion of the total weight of gasoline to each use 
category.  In cases when buyer type is an important price determining characteristic, 
indexes are created based on specific buyer type. For example, within the PPI category 
for loan services, separate indexes for consumer loans and business loans were 
constructed. For more information relating to the FD-ID structure, see "A new, 
experimental system of indexes from the PPI program" in the February 2011 Monthly Labor 
Review.   

Final Demand:  The final demand portion of the FD-ID structure measures price change for 
commodities sold for personal consumption, capital investment, government, and export.  
The system is composed of six main price indexes: final demand goods; final demand trade 
services; final demand transportation and warehousing services; final demand services 
less trade, transportation, and warehousing; final demand construction; and overall final 
demand. 

   The final demand goods index measures price change for both unprocessed and processed 
goods sold to final demand.  Fresh fruits sold to consumers and computers sold for 
capital investment are examples of transactions included in the final demand goods price 
index. The final demand trade services index measures price change for the retailing and 
wholesaling of merchandise sold to final demand, generally without transformation. (Trade 
indexes measure changes in margins received by wholesalers and retailers.) The final 
demand transportation and warehousing services index tracks price change for 
transportation of passengers, as well as, transportation of cargo sold to final demand, 
and also includes prices for warehousing and storage of goods sold to final demand.  The 
final demand services less trade, transportation, and warehousing index measures price 
change for all services other than trade and transportation sold to final demand.  
Publishing, banking, lodging, and health care are examples of these services.  The final 
demand construction index tracks price change for new construction, as well as 
maintenance and repair construction sold to final demand.  Construction of office 
buildings is an example of a commodity that would be included in the final demand 
construction index.  Lastly, the overall final demand index tracks price change for all 
types of commodities sold to final demand by combining the five final demand component 
indexes described above.

Intermediate Demand: The intermediate demand portion of the FD-ID system tracks price 
change for goods, services, and construction products sold to businesses as inputs to 
production, excluding capital investment. The system includes two parallel treatments of 
intermediate demand. The first treatment organizes intermediate demand commodities by 
type. The second organizes intermediate demand commodities into production stages, with 
the explicit goal of developing a forward-flow model of production and price change. 

   The intermediate demand by commodity type portion of the system organizes commodities 
by similarity of product.  The system is composed of six main price indexes: unprocessed 
goods for intermediate demand; processed goods for intermediate demand; intermediate 
demand trade services; intermediate demand transportation and warehousing services; 
intermediate demand services less trade, transportation, and warehousing; and 
intermediate demand construction.   

   The unprocessed goods for intermediate demand price index measures price change for 
goods sold to businesses as inputs to production that have undergone no fabrication. 
Crude petroleum sold to refineries is an example of an unprocessed good sold to 
intermediate demand.  The processed goods for intermediate demand index tracks price 
change for fabricated goods sold as business inputs.  Examples include car parts sold to 
car manufacturers and gasoline sold to trucking companies.  The index for trade services 
for intermediate demand measures price change for the services of retailing and 
wholesaling goods purchased by businesses as inputs to production. The intermediate 
demand transportation and warehousing services index measures price change for business 
travel, as well as, transportation and warehousing of cargo sold to intermediate demand.  
The intermediate demand services less trade, transportation, and warehousing index 
measures price change for services other than trade, transportation, and warehousing sold 
as inputs to production.  Legal and accounting services purchased by businesses are 
examples of intermediate demand services excluding trade, transportation, and 
warehousing.  Finally, the construction for intermediate demand index measures price 
change for construction purchased by firms as inputs to production.  The index for 
construction for intermediate demand tracks price change for maintenance and repair 
construction purchased by firms.  

   The production flow treatment of intermediate demand is a stage-based system of price 
indexes. These indexes can be used to study price transmission across stages of 
production and final demand. This system is constructed in a manner that maximizes 
forward flow of production between stages, while minimizing back-flow of production. The 
production flow treatment contains four main indexes: intermediate demand stage 1, 
intermediate demand stage 2, intermediate demand stage 3, and intermediate demand stage 
4.   

   Indexes for the four stages were developed by first assigning each industry in the 
economy to one of four stages of production, where industries assigned to the fourth 
stage primarily produce output consumed as final demand, industries in the third stage 
primarily produce output consumed by stage 4 industries, industries assigned to the 
second stage primarily produce output consumed by stage 3 industries, and industries 
assigned to the first stage produce output primarily consumed by stage 2 industries.  The 
four indexes then track prices for the net inputs consumed by industries in each of the 
four stages of production.  The stage 4 intermediate demand index, for example, tracks 
price change for inputs consumed, but not produced, by industries included in the fourth 
stage of production.  Hence, the index tracks price change in inputs to industries that 
primarily produce final demand commodities (stage 4 producers primarily produce 
commodities sold to final demand).  

   Examples of heavily weighted goods-producing industries in stage 4 include the 
manufacture of light trucks and utility vehicles, automobiles, and pharmaceuticals.  
Retail trade, food service and drinking places, and hospitals are examples of heavily 
weighted service industries included in stage 4.  Stage 4 also includes all new 
construction industries.  Examples of goods consumed by stage 4 industries include motor 
vehicle parts, commercial electric power, plastic construction products, biological 
products, and beef and veal.  Engineering services, machinery and equipment wholesaling, 
long distance motor carrying, and legal services constitute examples of services consumed 
by stage 4 industries.

   Examples of highly weighted goods-producing industries included in stage 3 are motor 
vehicle parts manufacturing, animal (except poultry) slaughtering and processing, and 
semiconductor manufacturing.  Services industries classified in stage 3 include wholesale 
trade; insurance carriers; architecture, engineering, and related services; and hotels 
and motels.  Examples of goods consumed by stage 3 industries include slaughter steers 
and heifers, industrial electric power, and hot rolled steel bars, plates, and structural 
shapes.  Services commonly consumed by stage 3 industries include commissions from sales 
of property and casualty insurance, business loans, temporary help services, and 
administrative and general management consulting services.

   Petroleum refineries; electricity generation, transmission, and distribution; natural 
gas distribution; cattle ranching and farming; and plastic materials and resin 
manufacturing are among the goods-based industries assigned to stage 2.  Services 
industries that are heavily weighted in stage 2 include management of companies and 
enterprises; non-depository credit intermediation; insurance agencies and brokerages; and 
services to buildings and dwellings. Goods commonly purchased by stage 2 industries 
include crude oil, natural gas, formula feeds, and primary basic organic chemicals. 
Services that are heavily weighted in the intermediate demand stage 2 index are legal 
services, business loans, and cellular phone and other wireless telecommunication.

   Goods producing industries in stage 1 include oil and gas extraction, paper mills, and 
grain farming.  Real estate, legal services, and advertising services are examples of 
highly weighted services industries included in stage 1.  Examples of goods consumed by 
stage 1 industries are commercial and industrial electric power and gasoline. Services 
commonly consumed by stage 1 industries include solid waste collection, chemicals and 
allied products wholesaling, and guestroom or unit rental.  It should be noted that all 
inputs purchased by stage 1 industries are by definition produced either within stage 1 
or by latter stages of processing, leaving stage 1 less useful for price transmission 
analysis. For additional information on industry stage assignments, see 
https://www.bls.gov/ppi/industryflowstage.htm.


Comparing the PPI with CPI

   Although some data users utilize the PPI as a potential indicator of the Consumer 
Price Index (CPI), there are many reasons why the PPI and the CPI may diverge. The scope 
of the personal consumption portion of the PPI includes all marketable output sold by 
domestic producers for households. The scope of the CPI includes goods and services 
provided by business or government, where explicit user charges are paid by consumers. 
For example, the most heavily weighted item in the CPI, owners' equivalent rent, is 
excluded from the PPI. The scope of the CPI includes imports. The PPI excludes imports. 
The CPI only includes components of personal consumption directly paid for by the 
consumers, while the PPI includes components of personal consumption that may not be paid 
for by consumers. For example, the PPI includes medical services paid for by third 
parties. In contrast to CPI, PPI does not completely cover services. PPIs exclude taxes, 
since they do not represent producer revenue. Conversely, sales and other taxes paid by 
consumers are part of household expenditure and are included in the CPI. Additional 
technical differences between PPI and CPI also exist. For more information see "Comparing 
new final demand producer price indexes with other Government price indexes," Monthly 
Labor Review, January 2014, at https://www.bls.gov/opub/mlr/.


Commodity Indexes

   The commodity classification of the PPI organizes goods, services, and construction by 
similarity of product or end use, disregarding industry of origin. With the release of 
data for July 2009, PPI expanded its commodity structure to include indexes for services 
and construction products. Prior to this date, the PPI commodity structure only included 
products from goods producing sectors. Table 9 of the PPI Detailed Report includes data 
for commodity indexes, organized in a hierarchal structure, including major groupings, 
subgroups, product classes, sub-product classes, and individual items.


Industry Net-Output Price Indexes

   PPIs for the net output of industries and their products are grouped according to the 
North American Industry Classification System (NAICS).  Prior to the release of January 
2004, industry-based PPIs were published according to the Standard Industrial 
Classification (SIC) system.  Industry price indexes are compatible with other economic 
time series organized by industry, such as data on employment, wages, and productivity.  
Table 11 of the PPI Detailed Report includes data for NAICS industries and industry 
groups (3-, 4-, 5-, and 6-digit codes), Census product classes (7- and 8-digit codes), 
products (9-digit codes), more detailed sub-products (11-digit codes), and, for some 
industries, indexes for other sources of revenue.

   Indexes may represent one of three kinds of product categories.  Every industry has 
primary product indexes that show changes in prices received by establishments classified 
in the industry for products made primarily, but not necessarily exclusively, by that 
industry. The industry classification of an establishment is determined by which products 
make up a plurality of its total shipment value.  In addition, most industries have 
secondary product indexes that show changes in prices received by establishments for 
products chiefly made in some other industry. Some industries have miscellaneous receipts 
indexes that track price changes for other sources of revenue received by establishments 
within the industry that are not derived from sales of their products; for example, 
resales of purchased materials, or revenues from parking lots owned by a manufacturing 
plant.


Data Collection

   PPIs are constructed using selling prices reported by establishments of all sizes, 
selected by probability sampling, with the probability of selection proportionate to size.  
Individual items and transaction terms also are chosen by probability proportionate to 
size.  BLS strongly encourages cooperating companies to supply actual transaction prices 
at the time of shipment to minimize the use of list prices. Prices submitted by survey 
respondents are effective on the Tuesday of the week containing the 13th day of the month. 
The survey is conducted via Internet, mail, and fax.

   Price data are provided on a voluntary and confidential basis; only sworn BLS 
employees are allowed access to individual company price reports.  BLS publishes price 
indexes instead of actual prices.  All PPIs are subject to revision 4 months after 
original publication to reflect the availability of late reports and corrections by 
respondents. 

   BLS periodically updates the PPI sample of survey respondents to better reflect 
current conditions when the structure, membership, technology, or product mix of an 
industry shifts significantly and to spread reporting burden among smaller firms.  
Results of these resampling efforts are incorporated into the PPI with the release of 
data for January and July.  

   As part of an ongoing effort to expand coverage to sectors of the economy other than 
mining and manufacturing, an increasing number of service and construction sector 
industries have been introduced into the PPI.  The following list of industries 
introduced since the mid-1990s includes the month and year in which an article describing 
the industry's content appeared in the PPI Detailed Report.

                                                                      PPI
                                                                      Detailed
                                                                      Report
              Title                                           Code    Issue

                                                              SIC             
Wireless telecommunications...................................4812    July 1999
Telephone communications, except radio telephone..............4813    July 1995
Television broadcasting.......................................4833    July 2002
Grocery stores................................................5411    July 2000
Meat and fish (seafood) markets...............................5421    July 2000
Fruit and vegetable markets...................................5431    July 2000
Candy, nut, and confectionery stores..........................5441    July 2000
Retail bakeries...............................................5461    July 2000
Miscellaneous food stores.....................................5499    July 2000
New car dealers...............................................5511    July 2000
Gasoline service stations.....................................5541    January 2002
Boat dealers..................................................5551    January 2002
Recreational vehicle dealers..................................5561    January 2002
Miscellaneous retail..........................................59      January 2001
Security brokers, dealers, and investment bankers.............6211    January 2001
Investment advice.............................................6282    January 2003
Life insurance carriers.......................................6311    January 1999
Property and casualty insurance...............................6331    July 1998
Insurance agencies and brokerages.............................6412    January 2003
Operators and lessors of nonresidential buildings.............6512    January 1996
Real estate agents and managers...............................6531    January 1996
Prepackaged software..........................................7372    January 1998
Data processing services......................................7374    January 2002
Home health care services.....................................8082    January 1997
Legal services................................................8111    January 1997
Engineering design, analysis, and consulting services.........8711    January 1997
Architectural design, analysis, and consulting services.......8712    January 1997
Premiums for property and casualty insurance..................9331    July 1998
                                                         
                                                              NAICS            
New industrial building construction..........................236211  January 2008
New warehouse building construction...........................236221  July 2005
New school construction.......................................236222  July 2006
New office construction.......................................236223  January 2007
New health care building construction.........................236224  January 2013
Concrete contractors, nonresidential building work............23811X  July 2008
Roofing contractors, nonresidential building work.............23816X  July 2008
Electrical contractors, nonresidential building work..........23821X  July 2008
Plumbing / HVAC contractors, nonresidential building work.....23822X  July 2008
Merchant wholesalers, durable goods...........................423     July 2005
Merchant wholesalers, nondurable goods........................424     July 2005
Wholesale trade agents and brokers............................425120  July 2005
Furniture and home furnishings stores.........................442     January 2004
Electronics and appliance stores..............................443     January 2004
Building material and garden equipment and supplies dealers...444     January 2004
Clothing and clothing accessories stores......................448     January 2004
Sporting goods, hobby, book, and music stores.................451     January 2004
General merchandise stores....................................452     January 2004
Miscellaneous store retailers.................................453     January 2004
Internet service providers....................................518111  July 2005
Internet publishing and web search portals....................519130  January 2010
Commercial banking............................................522110  January 2005
Savings institutions..........................................522120  January 2005
Direct health and medical insurance carriers..................524114  July 2004
Construction, mining, and forestry machinery and equipment 
rental and leasing............................................532412  January 2005
Management consulting services................................541610  January 2007
Security guards and patrol services...........................561612  July 2005
Computer training.............................................611420  July 2007
Offices of dentists...........................................621210  January 2011
Blood and organ banks.........................................621991  January 2007
Amusement and theme parks.....................................713110  July 2006
Golf courses and country clubs................................713910  July 2006
Fitness and recreational sports centers.......................713940  July 2005
Commercial machinery repair and maintenance...................811310  July 2007


Weights

   Weights for most commodity groupings of the PPI, as well as, weights for commodity-
based aggregate indexes calculated from commodity groupings, such as FD-ID indexes, 
currently reflect 2007 values of shipments as reported in the Census of Manufactures and 
other sources. From January 2007 to December 2011, PPI weights were derived from 2002 
shipment values. Industry indexes now are calculated under the 2012 NAICS structure 
utilizing 2007 value of shipment weights and 2002 net output ratios. The periodic update 
of the value weights used to calculate the PPI is done to more accurately reflect changes 
in production and marketing patterns in the economy.

   Net output values of shipments are used as weights for industry indexes. Net output 
values refer to the value of shipments from establishments within the industry to buyers 
outside the industry. However, weights for commodity indexes are based on gross shipment 
values, including values of shipments between establishments within the same industry. As 
a result, broad commodity grouping indexes, such as the PPI for All Commodities (which is 
composed of major commodity groupings 01 through 15), are affected by the multiple 
counting of price change at successive stages of processing, which can lead to 
exaggerated or misleading signals about inflation. The intermediate demand by commodity 
type FD-ID indexes partially correct for this defect, but industry indexes, final demand 
FD-ID indexes, and intermediate demand by production flow FD-ID indexes consistently 
correct for this at all levels of aggregation.  Therefore, industry and FD-ID indexes are 
more appropriate than broad commodity groupings for analysis of general price trends.


Price Index Reference Base

   Effective with publication of January 1988 data, many important PPI series (including 
most commodity groups and individual items) were placed on a new reference base, 1982 = 
100.  From 1971 through 1987, the standard reference base for most PPI series was 1967 = 
100.  Except for rounding differences, the shift to the new reference base did not alter 
any previously published percent changes for affected PPI series. (See "Calculating Index 
Changes," below.)  The 1982 reference base is not used for commodity indexes with a base 
later than December 1981 or for industry net output indexes and their products.  The FD-
ID indexes typically have a reference base of November 2009 = 100.

   For further information on the underlying concepts and methodology of the Producer 
Price Index, see chapter 14, "Producer Prices," in the BLS Handbook of Methods.  This 
chapter can be downloaded from the BLS Web site at https://www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch14.htm.  


Calculating Index Changes

   Each PPI measures price changes from a reference period that equals 100.0.  An 
increase of 5.5 percent from the reference period in the Final Demand Goods Price Index, 
for example, is shown as 105.5.  This change also can be expressed in dollars, as 
follows:  prices received by domestic producers of a sample of final demand goods have 
risen from $100 in November 2009 to $105.50.  Likewise, a current index of 90.0 would 
indicate that prices received by producers of final demand goods are 10 percent lower 
than they were in November 2009.

   Movements of price indexes from one month to another are usually expressed as percent 
changes, rather than as changes in index points.  Index point changes are affected by the 
level of the index in relation to its base period, whereas percent changes are not.  The 
following example shows the computation of index point and percent changes.

   Index point change
      Final Demand Goods Price Index     107.5
      Less previous index                104.0
      Equals index point change            3.5

   Index percent change
      Index point change                   3.5
      Divided by the previous index      104.0
      Equals                             0.034
      Result multiplied by 100           0.034 x 100
      Equals percent change                3.4


Seasonally Adjusted and Unadjusted Data

   Because price data are used for different purposes by different groups, BLS publishes 
seasonally adjusted and unadjusted changes each month.  Seasonally adjusted data are 
preferred for analyzing general price trends in the economy because these data eliminate 
the effect of changes that normally occur at about the same time, and in about the same 
magnitude, every year-such as price movements resulting from normal weather patterns, 
regular production and marketing cycles, model changeovers, seasonal discounts, and 
holidays.  For these reasons, seasonally adjusted data more clearly reveal underlying 
trends.  Unadjusted data are of primary interest to users who need information that can 
be related to actual dollar values of transactions.  Individuals requiring this 
information include marketing specialists, purchasing agents, budget and cost analysts, 
contract specialists, and commodity traders.  It is the unadjusted data that are 
generally cited when escalating long-term contracts such as purchasing agreements or real 
estate leases.  For more information, see Escalation Guide for Contracting Parties, on 
the Web at https://www.bls.gov/ppi/ppiescalation.htm.  

   Seasonal adjustment is accomplished using X-13 ARIMA, a software package published by 
the U.S. Census Bureau.  Each year, the seasonal status of most commodity indexes is 
reevaluated to reflect more recent price behavior. Industry net output indexes are not
seasonally adjusted.  For time series that exhibit seasonal pricing patterns, new 
seasonal factors are estimated and applied to the unadjusted data from the prior 5 years.  
Updated seasonally adjusted indexes replace the most recent 5 years of seasonal data. 

   Seasonal factors may be applied to series using either a direct or an aggregative 
method. Generally, commodity indexes are seasonally adjusted using direct seasonal 
adjustment, which produces a more complete elimination of seasonal movements than does 
the aggregative method.  However, the direct seasonal adjustment process may not yield 
figures that possess additive consistency.  Thus, a seasonally adjusted index for a broad 
category that is directly adjusted may not be logically consistent with all seasonally 
adjusted indexes for its components.  Seasonal movements for FD-ID indexes are derived 
indirectly through an aggregative method that combines movements of a wide variety of 
subproduct class (six-digit) series.

   Seasonally adjusted indexes can become problematic when previously stable and 
predictable price patterns abruptly change.  If the new pattern persists, the seasonal 
adjustment method will eventually reflect it; if the pattern keeps shifting, however, 
seasonally adjusted data will become chronically troublesome.  This problem occurs 
relatively infrequently for farm and food-related products, but has more often affected 
manufactured products such as automobiles and steel.

   Since January 1988, the PPI has used Intervention Analysis Seasonal Adjustment methods 
to enhance the calculation of seasonal factors.  With this technique, outlier values that 
may distort the seasonal pattern are removed from the data prior to applying the standard 
seasonal factor estimation procedure.  For example, a possible economic cause for large 
price movements for petroleum-based products might have been the Persian Gulf War.  In 
this case, intervention techniques allowed for better estimates of seasonally adjusted 
data.  On the whole, very few series have required intervention.  Out of almost 300 
seasonally adjusted series, only 31 were subject to intervention in 2013.

   For more information relating to seasonal adjustment methods, see "Summary of Changes 
to the PPI's Seasonal Adjustment Methodology" in the January 1995 issue of Producer Price 
Indexes, and "PPI and CPI Seasonal Adjustment: an Update" in the July 2010 Monthly Labor 
Review.


Producer Price Index Data on the Internet

   In 1995, the BLS began posting PPI series, news releases, and technical information to 
both a World Wide Web (WWW) site and a file transfer protocol (FTP) site.  During the 
years following the introduction of PPI Internet services, use of these sites eclipsed 
more traditional methods of data dissemination, such as subscriptions to the PPI Detailed 
Report.  There were more than 5 million instances of PPI data and tables being downloaded 
from the Internet during the 12 months ended December 31, 2012.


Retrieving PPI data from the PPI Web site

   PPI data can be obtained from the WWW address (www.bls.gov/ppi). On this page, under 
the tab labeled "Featured PPI databases" links provide the following methods of data 
retrieval:

   Top Picks is a form-based application for both Industry Data and Commodity Data that 
allows the user to quickly obtain PPI time series data by selecting the high-level 
aggregate and other commonly requested time series, including the All Commodities Index 
and the FD-ID indexes (for example, Final Demand).  Within each list, any one-or all-of 
the time series shown can be selected.  A user can modify the date range and output 
options after executing the query, using the reformat button above the data output table.

   One-Screen Data Search and Multi-Screen Data Search are form-based query applications 
for both Industry Data and Commodity Data designed for users unfamiliar with the PPI 
coding structure.  These applications guide a user through the PPI classification by 
listing index titles and do not require knowledge of commodity or industry codes.  Data 
retrieved are based on a query formulated by selecting data characteristics from lists 
provided.  Two options are available to create customized tables, depending on a user's 
browser capability.  The one-screen option is a JavaScript application that uses a single 
screen to guide a user through the available time series data.  The second option is a 
multiple-screen, non-Java-based application.  Both methods allow a user to browse the PPI 
coding structure and select multiple series.  Users can modify the date range and output 
options after executing the query using the reformat button above the data output table.

   Series Report is a form-based application that allows users to input multiple, 
formatted PPI time series identifiers (commodity or industry codes) as inputs in 
extracting data according to a specified set of date ranges and output options.  This 
application provides the most efficient path for users who are familiar with the format 
of PPI time series identifiers.  There are five alphabetic prefixes used to create unique 
PPI time series identifiers:  WP, WD, PC, PD, and ND.  Each provides the user access to a 
different PPI database.  Adding either a "u" (not seasonally adjusted) or an "s" 
(seasonally adjusted) to the end of these prefixes further specifies the type of data 
needed. Examples are provided below.

   For commodity and FD-ID indexes, series identifiers combine a "wpu" prefix (not 
seasonally adjusted) or a "wps" prefix (seasonally adjusted) with a commodity code.  

Commodity code   Provides data for:
wps141101        Passenger cars, seasonally adjusted
wpu141101        Passenger cars, not seasonally adjusted
wpufd4           Final demand, not seasonally adjusted
wpsid63          Services for intermediate demand, seasonally adjusted

   For discontinued commodity indexes, series identifiers combine a "wdu" prefix (not 
seasonally adjusted) or a "wds" prefix (seasonally adjusted) with a commodity code.  

Commodity code   Provides data for:
wds019           Other farm products, seasonally adjusted 
wdu0635          Preparations, ethical (prescription), not seasonally adjusted
wdusi138011      Stainless steel mill products, not seasonally adjusted

   Current price indexes grouped by industry according to NAICS have series identifiers 
that begin with the prefix "pcu." After the prefix, there are 12 digits (the 6-digit 
industry code is listed twice) followed by up to 7 alphanumeric characters identifying 
product detail.  Dashes are used as placeholders for higher-level industry group codes.

Industry-product code,
current NAICS series        Provides data for:
pcu325---325---             Chemical manufacturing 
pcu336110336110             Automobile and light duty motor vehicle manufacturing
pcu621111621111411          Offices of physicians, one- and two-physician practices and 
                            single-specialty group practices, general/family practice

   Discontinued industry-product codes based on SIC combine a "pdu" prefix and "#" 
between the fourth and fifth characters of the product code.  Series identifiers for the 
discontinued dataset use underscores as placeholders to complete a reference to an SIC 
industry group code of fewer than four digits.  (All PPI industry-based indexes organized 
by SIC were discontinued with the introduction of NAICS in 2004.)

Industry-product code,
discontinued SIC series     Provides data for:
pdu28_ _#                   Chemicals and allied products
pdu331_#                    Blast furnaces, steel works, and rolling and finishing mills
pdu3711#111                 Passenger cars

   Price indexes for discontinued series grouped by industry according to NAICS have 
identifiers that begin with the prefix "ndu." After the prefix, there are 12 numeric 
digits (the 6-digit industry code is listed twice), and up to 7 additional alphanumeric 
characters that identify product detail.  Dashes are used as placeholders for higher-
level group codes.

Industry-product code,
discontinued NAICS series   Provides data for
ndu212231212231             Lead and zinc ore mining
ndu2122312122312            Lead, zinc concentrates
ndu212231212231214          Lead  concentrates

   Text Files are best suited for users requiring access to either a large volume of time 
series data or other PPI-related documentation, such as seasonal factor tables and 
relative importance tables. The text files can be accessed at https://download.bls.gov/ or 
directly from links on the "PPI Databases" page or the PPI homepage. Data and 
documentation available for download include the following:

                                       Directory:
Industry Data                          /pub/time.series/pc
Industry Data - Discontinued 
                  (NAICS basis)        /pub/time.series/nd
                  (SIC basis)          /pub/time.series/pd
Commodity Data (incl. FD-ID)           /pub/time.series/wp
Commodity Data - Discontinued          /pub/time.series/wd
Special requests                       /pub/special.requests/ppi


Additional information

   The PPI homepage (https://www.bls.gov/ppi) contains additional information regarding PPI 
data and methodology.  The top section of the homepage provides PPI news releases, both 
current and archived, as well as general PPI information.  The "PPI Tables" section found 
beneath the statistics section provides relative importance and seasonal factor tables.  
The remaining sections offer special notices and publications pertaining to PPI 
methodology and applications.

   For questions or comments regarding PPI data classification, methodology, or data 
availability on the Internet, call or e-mail the Section of Index Analysis and Public 
Information at (202) 691-7705 or ppi-info@bls.gov. 



Table 1. Producer price indexes and percent changes for final demand(1) [Nov 2009=100, unless otherwise indicated]
Grouping Other
index
base
Relative
Importance
Dec.
2016(2)
Unadjusted index Unadjusted percent
change to Jan. 2017
from:
Seasonally adjusted
percent change from:
Sept.
2016(3)
Dec.
2016(3)
Jan.
2017(3)
Jan.
2016
Dec.
2016
Oct. to
Nov.
Nov. to
Dec.
Dec. to
Jan.

Final demand

  100.000 110.6 110.9 111.5 1.6 0.5 0.5 0.2 0.6

Final demand goods

  33.837 108.3 108.7 109.7 3.1 0.9 0.2 0.6 1.0

Final demand foods

  5.430 114.8 114.5 113.8 -2.2 -0.6 0.5 0.5 0.0

Finished consumer foods(4)

00/82

4.386 204.7 203.8 202.3 -2.6 -0.7 0.3 0.5 -0.1

Finished consumer foods, crude

00/82

0.341 185.7 184.4 175.9 -25.3 -4.6 -2.5 2.1 0.1

Finished consumer foods, processed

00/82

4.045 206.7 205.9 205.0 -0.1 -0.4 0.6 0.4 -0.1

Government purchased foods

  0.337 118.7 117.6 117.9 0.4 0.3 0.7 0.8 1.1

Foods for export

  0.707 107.9 109.1 109.2 -1.4 0.1 1.0 0.5 0.4

Final demand energy

  5.488 94.2 93.5 97.0 14.0 3.7 0.1 1.8 4.7

Finished consumer energy goods(4)

00/82

4.508 151.9 150.6 156.4 13.3 3.9 0.0 1.8 4.9

Government purchased energy

  0.762 89.9 89.5 92.2 15.1 3.0 0.6 2.2 3.1

Energy for export

  0.218 73.0 74.3 78.6 29.7 5.8 1.1 1.9 5.8

Final demand goods less foods and energy

  22.919 110.7 111.6 112.4 2.1 0.7 0.2 0.3 0.4

Finished goods less foods and energy(4)

00/82

13.936 195.1 196.7 197.9 1.7 0.6 0.1 0.2 0.3

Finished consumer goods less foods and energy

00/82

8.000 215.7 217.5 219.4 2.4 0.9 0.1 0.2 0.3

Nondurable consumer goods less foods and energy

00/82

4.735 273.1 273.9 278.0 3.3 1.5 0.3 0.1 0.5

Durable consumer goods

00/82

3.265 155.7 158.2 158.1 1.1 -0.1 -0.1 0.3 -0.1

Private capital equipment

00/82

5.936 168.7 170.2 170.6 0.9 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1

Private capital equipment for manufacturing industries

00/82

1.402 171.0 171.6 172.3 0.9 0.4 0.0 0.2 0.2

Private capital equipment for nonmanufacturing industries

00/82

4.534 167.8 169.5 169.8 0.8 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1

Government purchased goods, excluding foods and energy

  2.271 109.1 109.4 110.2 1.2 0.7 0.2 0.0 0.6

Government purchased goods excluding foods, energy, and capital equipment

  1.418 110.1 110.5 111.4 1.4 0.8 0.3 0.0 0.6

Government purchased capital equipment

  0.853 106.4 106.6 107.4 1.0 0.8 0.1 0.1 0.7

Goods for export, excluding foods and energy

  6.712 106.9 107.9 108.7 2.8 0.7 0.5 0.4 0.6

Final demand services

  64.086 111.6 111.7 112.0 0.8 0.3 0.5 0.1 0.3

Final demand trade services(5)

  20.278 112.9 113.0 113.2 0.1 0.2 1.3 0.0 0.9

Trade of finished goods(4)

  17.793 113.0 112.9 113.2 0.1 0.3 1.4 -0.2 1.1

Trade of personal consumption goods

  14.231 113.0 112.3 112.9 0.2 0.5 1.5 -0.4 1.4

Trade of private capital equipment

  3.562 112.2 114.3 113.7 -0.1 -0.5 1.0 0.7 -0.5

Trade of government purchased goods

  0.681 112.0 113.4 113.4 0.5 0.0 0.8 1.1 0.0

Trade of government purchased goods, excluding capital equipment

  0.370 109.9 110.4 110.7 0.5 0.3 0.6 1.2 0.3

Trade of government purchased capital equipment

  0.311 114.4 116.9 116.5 0.4 -0.3 1.2 0.8 -0.3

Trade of exports

  1.804 111.6 113.4 113.1 -0.6 -0.3 0.7 0.8 -0.3

Final demand transportation and warehousing services

  4.935 111.7 113.4 115.3 1.1 1.7 0.1 -0.3 1.1

Transportation of passengers for final demand

  1.164 105.2 109.2 114.6 2.3 4.9 0.2 -1.7 3.6

Transportation of private passengers

  0.795 105.2 109.2 114.6 2.3 4.9 0.2 -1.7 3.6

Transportation of government passengers

  0.120 105.3 109.2 114.6 2.3 4.9 0.1 -1.6 3.5

Transportation of passengers for export

  0.249 105.0 109.1 114.6 2.4 5.0 0.2 -1.7 3.7

Transportation and warehousing of goods for final demand

  3.771 113.7 114.7 115.4 0.7 0.6 0.1 0.2 0.4

Transportation and warehousing of finished goods(4)

  2.666 112.6 113.5 114.3 0.7 0.7 0.2 0.1 0.6

Transportation and warehousing of personal consumption goods

  2.093 113.0 113.8 114.6 0.6 0.7 0.1 0.1 0.6

Transportation and warehousing of private capital equipment

  0.573 111.4 112.2 113.0 0.8 0.7 0.1 0.1 0.7

Transportation and warehousing of government purchased goods

  0.273 113.2 114.0 114.7 0.4 0.6 0.1 0.2 0.4

Transportation and warehousing of exports

  0.832 117.1 118.5 119.3 1.0 0.7 0.1 0.3 -0.1

Final demand services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

  38.873 111.0 111.0 111.2 1.3 0.2 0.2 0.1 -0.1

Finished services less trade, transportation, and warehousing(4)

  34.735 111.4 111.2 111.5 1.3 0.3 0.2 0.1 -0.1

Finished consumer services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

  31.785 111.6 111.4 111.7 1.3 0.3 0.2 0.1 -0.1

Private capital investment services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

  2.950 109.4 110.0 109.8 1.5 -0.2 0.4 0.4 -0.2

Government purchased services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

  2.635 107.9 108.1 107.8 0.8 -0.3 0.0 0.4 -0.4

Gov. purchased services less trade, transportation, and warehousing, excl. capital investment

  2.541 108.2 108.3 108.1 0.8 -0.2 0.0 0.3 -0.3

Government purchased capital investment services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

  0.094 99.3 100.9 99.1 -0.1 -1.8 1.0 0.9 -1.8

Services for export less trade, transportation, and warehousing

  1.503 109.9 110.4 111.0 2.3 0.5 0.4 0.6 0.3

Final demand construction

  2.077 113.7 114.6 114.9 1.3 0.3 0.1 -0.1 0.3

Construction for private capital investment

  1.403 113.6 114.6 114.9 1.4 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.3

Construction for government

  0.674 113.8 114.5 115.0 1.1 0.4 0.1 -0.1 0.3

Special groupings

Final demand less exports

04/10

87.975 109.4 109.5 110.1 1.6 0.5 0.5 0.2 0.5

Final demand less government

04/10

92.247 109.3 109.5 110.1 1.7 0.5 0.5 0.2 0.5

Final demand less foods, food and nonalcoholic beverages for immediate consumption, and energy(6)

04/10

88.502 110.3 110.6 111.1 1.2 0.5 0.5 0.1 0.4

Final demand less foods and energy(6)

04/10

89.082 110.2 110.6 111.0 1.2 0.4 0.5 0.1 0.4

Final demand less foods and food and nonalcoholic beverages for immediate consumption(6)

04/10

93.990 108.8 109.1 109.8 1.9 0.6 0.5 0.2 0.6

Final demand less foods(6)

04/10

94.570 108.8 109.0 109.7 1.9 0.6 0.5 0.2 0.6

Final demand less energy

04/10

94.512 110.3 110.6 111.0 1.0 0.4 0.4 0.2 0.3

Final demand less trade services

01/10

79.722 108.9 109.1 109.8 2.0 0.6 0.3 0.3 0.5

Final demand less distributive services(7)

01/10

75.951 108.7 109.0 109.6 2.0 0.6 0.2 0.3 0.5

Final demand goods less energy

01/10

28.349 110.5 111.2 111.7 1.2 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.3

Final demand goods less foods

04/10

28.407 104.6 105.1 106.4 4.1 1.2 0.2 0.6 1.2

Final demand services less trade services

04/10

43.808 110.2 110.3 110.7 1.3 0.4 0.2 0.1 0.0

Final demand distributive services(7)

04/10

24.049 110.8 111.0 111.4 0.2 0.4 1.2 0.0 0.8

Final demand goods plus final demand distributive services(7)

04/10

57.886 107.8 108.1 108.9 1.9 0.7 0.6 0.4 0.9

Final demand less foods, energy, and trade services(6)

08/13

68.804 103.4 103.8 104.3 1.6 0.5 0.2 0.1 0.2

Private and government purchased capital equipment

08/13

6.789 102.9 103.7 104.0 0.9 0.3 0.1 0.2 0.2

Private and government purchased capital investment services

08/13

7.490 102.0 103.3 103.0 0.6 -0.3 0.8 0.5 -0.3

Total private and government purchased capital investment

08/13

14.279 103.0 104.0 104.0 0.8 0.0 0.3 0.4 -0.1

Total finished(4)

01/10

80.222 110.4 110.5 111.1 1.5 0.5 0.5 0.2 0.5

Total finished less foods, food and nonalcoholic beverages for immediate consumption, and energy(4)(6)

12/10

70.762 110.5 110.7 111.1 1.1 0.4 0.5 0.0 0.4

Total finished less foods and energy(4)(6)

01/10

71.328 111.4 111.6 112.0 1.1 0.4 0.5 0.0 0.4

Total finished less foods and food and nonalcoholic beverages for immediate consumption(4)(6)

12/10

75.270 108.9 109.0 109.7 1.8 0.6 0.5 0.1 0.6

Total finished less foods(4)(6)

01/10

75.836 110.2 110.3 111.0 1.7 0.6 0.5 0.1 0.6

Total finished less energy(4)

01/10

75.714 111.6 111.7 112.0 0.8 0.3 0.4 0.1 0.3

Finished goods(4)

00/82

22.830 193.2 193.7 195.6 3.0 1.0 0.2 0.6 1.1

Finished goods less energy(4)

00/82

18.322 197.2 198.2 198.7 0.7 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.1

Finished goods, excluding foods(4)(6)

00/82

18.444 189.7 190.5 193.1 4.4 1.4 0.1 0.6 1.4

Finished services(4)

01/10

55.989 110.9 110.9 111.3 0.9 0.4 0.5 0.0 0.4

Private capital investment services

04/10

7.085 109.6 111.0 110.7 0.6 -0.3 0.6 0.5 -0.4

Finished distributive services(4)(7)

04/10

20.459 110.7 110.7 111.0 0.2 0.3 1.2 -0.1 1.0

Finished services less trade services(4)

04/10

38.196 110.4 110.5 110.8 1.2 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.1

Finished services less distributive services(4)(7)

04/10

35.530 110.5 110.5 110.8 1.3 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.0

Total private capital investment (goods, services, and construction)

04/10

14.424 108.8 109.9 109.9 0.8 0.0 0.4 0.4 -0.1

Finished goods plus finished distributive services(4)

04/10

43.289 109.2 109.3 110.1 1.7 0.7 0.6 0.3 1.0

Total exports

04/10

12.025 105.0 106.1 106.9 2.3 0.8 0.5 0.5 0.6

Goods for export

00/82

7.637 177.1 178.7 180.3 3.1 0.9 0.5 0.4 0.8

Services for export

04/10

4.388 110.4 111.7 112.3 0.8 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.2

Total government purchases

04/10

7.753 105.1 105.4 106.0 2.2 0.6 0.2 0.5 0.6

Government purchased goods

00/82

3.370 171.8 171.8 173.9 4.0 1.2 0.3 0.6 1.2

Government purchased services

04/10

3.709 108.5 109.0 109.1 0.8 0.1 0.2 0.4 -0.1

Total government purchased capital investment (goods, services, construction)

08/13

1.932 103.5 104.3 104.6 0.9 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3

Personal consumption

01/10

65.798 110.7 110.6 111.3 1.6 0.6 0.5 0.1 0.7

Personal consumption goods (finished consumer goods)

00/82

16.894 203.4 203.5 206.0 3.8 1.2 0.1 0.7 1.5

Personal consumption goods less energy

00/82

12.386 211.4 212.1 212.8 0.6 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.1

Personal consumption goods less foods

00/82

12.508 201.7 202.1 206.0 6.1 1.9 0.1 0.7 2.0

Personal consumption nondurable goods less foods

00/82

9.243 221.8 221.2 227.0 7.9 2.6 0.2 0.9 2.7

Personal consumption services

04/10

48.904 110.7 110.5 110.9 0.9 0.4 0.5 -0.1 0.5

Personal consumption less trade services

04/10

51.567 109.8 109.8 110.6 2.1 0.7 0.2 0.2 0.5

Personal consumption less distributive services(7)

04/10

49.474 109.8 109.8 110.5 2.1 0.6 0.2 0.2 0.5

Personal consumption less foods and energy

04/14

56.904 103.4 103.3 103.8 1.2 0.5 0.5 0.0 0.4

Personal consumption less foods, energy, and trade services(5)

04/14

42.673 103.3 103.4 103.9 1.5 0.5 0.2 0.0 0.2

Personal consumption less foods, energy, and distributive services(7)

04/14

40.580 103.6 103.7 104.2 1.5 0.5 0.2 0.1 0.1

Personal consumption goods plus personal consumption distributive services(7)

08/13

33.218 99.7 99.5 100.3 1.9 0.8 0.7 0.2 1.4

Footnotes
(1) Further information about the Final Demand-Intermediate Demand Aggregation system is available online at https://www.bls.gov/ppi/fdidaggregation.htm.
(2) Comprehensive relative importance figures are initially computed after the publication of December indexes and are recalculated after final December indexes are available. Individual items and subtotals may not add exactly to totals because of rounding differences.
(3) The indexes for September 2016 have been recalculated to incorporate late reports and corrections by respondents. All indexes are subject to revision 4 months after original publication.
(4) PPI defines Total finished as including only the personal consumption and private capital investment portions of final demand.
(5) Trade indexes measure changes in margins received by wholesalers and retailers.
(6) The PPI definition of foods does not include food and beverages for immediate consumption. PPI defines food and beverages for immediate consumption as the service of preparing meals, snacks, and beverages to customer order for immediate on-premises and off-premises consumption.
(7) Distributive services include transportation, warehousing, and trade of goods.

"-" Data not available.


Table 2. Producer price indexes and percent changes for intermediate demand by commodity type(1) [Nov. 2009=100, unless otherwise indicated]
Grouping Other
index
base
Relative
Importance
Dec.
2016(2)
Unadjusted index Unadjusted percent
change to Jan. 2017
from:
Seasonally adjusted
percent change from:
Sept.
2016(3)
Dec.
2016(3)
Jan.
2017(3)
Jan.
2016
Dec.
2016
Oct. to
Nov.
Nov. to
Dec.
Dec. to
Jan.

Processed goods

Processed goods for intermediate demand

00/82

100.000 184.4 184.6 186.5 3.8 1.0 0.3 0.4 1.1

Materials and components for manufacturing

00/82

44.801 173.2 174.7 175.3 2.5 0.3 0.6 0.2 0.3

Materials for manufacturing

  27.193 103.1 104.6 105.0 4.1 0.4 1.1 0.3 0.6

Materials for food manufacturing

00/82

3.587 192.4 191.0 190.8 -0.4 -0.1 0.8 0.6 0.8

Materials for nondurable manufacturing

00/82

13.776 199.3 203.8 205.1 4.3 0.6 1.8 -0.2 0.7

Materials for durable manufacturing

00/82

9.830 181.8 183.8 184.5 5.5 0.4 0.2 0.8 0.3

Components for manufacturing

00/82

17.608 149.5 149.6 149.7 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1 -0.1

Components for nondurable manufacturing

  0.783 109.4 109.7 109.7 0.4 0.0 0.2 0.1 0.0

Components for durable manufacturing

  16.825 105.8 105.9 106.0 0.2 0.1 -0.1 0.1 -0.1

Materials and components for construction

00/82

10.742 230.0 230.3 231.4 1.7 0.5 0.0 0.3 0.3

Materials for construction

  5.074 115.1 115.4 116.1 1.8 0.6 0.2 0.2 0.3

Components for construction

  5.668 112.5 112.6 112.9 1.6 0.3 -0.1 0.3 0.3

Processed fuels and lubricants for intermediate demand

00/82

16.853 160.2 157.0 163.8 13.2 4.3 -0.3 1.7 4.9

Processed fuels and lubricants to manufacturing industries

00/82

4.406 168.6 161.6 170.7 11.2 5.6 -0.4 0.7 6.1

Processed fuels and lubricants to nonmanufacturing industries

00/82

12.447 157.6 155.8 161.8 13.9 3.9 -0.3 2.1 4.5

Containers for intermediate demand

00/82

2.975 217.3 220.6 221.5 1.9 0.4 0.1 1.1 0.4

Supplies for intermediate demand

00/82

24.628 190.5 190.3 191.0 1.3 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.3

Supplies to manufacturing industries

00/82

2.775 185.6 186.3 187.3 1.5 0.5 0.3 -0.1 0.5

Supplies to nonmanufacturing industries

00/82

21.853 189.6 189.4 190.0 1.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3

Supplies to nonmanufacturing industries, feeds

00/82

1.586 180.1 174.8 176.1 4.8 0.7 0.2 0.3 0.6

Supplies to nonmanufacturing industries, other than feeds

00/82

20.267 192.2 192.4 193.0 1.0 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2

Unprocessed goods

Unprocessed goods for intermediate demand

00/82

100.000 173.5 185.7 193.7 17.6 4.3 -0.4 8.4 3.8

Unprocessed foodstuffs and feedstuffs

00/82

39.179 154.3 156.1 161.3 -4.4 3.3 2.4 6.0 2.2

Unprocessed nonfood materials

00/82

60.821 178.3 198.4 208.3 37.9 5.0 -2.3 10.0 4.9

Unprocessed nonfood materials except fuel

00/82

42.518 203.1 224.2 223.7 33.8 -0.2 -3.3 9.0 -0.4

Unprocessed nonfood materials except fuel to manufacturing industries

00/82

40.009 186.1 206.5 205.9 36.3 -0.3 -3.6 9.6 -0.4

Unprocessed nonfood materials except fuel to nonmanufacturing industries

00/82

2.509 242.9 245.4 248.9 3.6 1.4 0.3 0.1 0.6

Unprocessed fuel

00/82

18.303 134.4 152.4 178.3 47.0 17.0 0.3 12.6 17.1

Unprocessed fuel to manufacturing industries

00/82

0.689 168.9 181.7 203.1 25.9 11.8 0.4 5.5 11.9

Unprocessed fuel to nonmanufacturing industries

00/82

17.614 135.9 154.5 181.1 48.0 17.2 0.3 12.9 17.2

Services

Services for intermediate demand

  100.000 112.2 112.7 113.2 1.5 0.4 0.1 0.4 0.3

Trade services for intermediate demand(4)

  17.563 111.4 112.4 112.3 0.1 -0.1 0.1 1.1 -0.2

Trade services for manufacturing industries

12/12

8.329 99.3 100.6 100.2 -0.9 -0.4 -0.1 1.2 -0.4

Trade services for nonmanufacturing industries

12/12

9.234 101.4 101.9 102.0 0.9 0.1 0.3 0.9 0.1

Transportation and warehousing services for intermediate demand

  13.318 117.2 118.5 119.5 0.6 0.8 0.0 0.2 -0.2

Transportation of passengers for intermediate demand

  1.069 105.3 109.3 114.6 2.3 4.8 0.1 -1.6 3.5

Transportation of passengers for manufacturing industries

  0.178 105.0 109.1 114.6 2.4 5.0 0.2 -1.7 3.7

Transportation of passengers for nonmanufacturing industries

  0.891 105.3 109.3 114.6 2.3 4.8 0.1 -1.6 3.5

Transportation and warehousing of goods for intermediate demand

  12.249 118.3 119.4 120.0 0.5 0.5 0.0 0.3 -0.5

Transportation and warehousing of goods for manufacturing industries

12/12

1.777 98.1 98.6 99.0 0.5 0.4 -0.1 0.2 0.4

Transportation and warehousing of goods for nonmanufacturing industries

12/12

10.472 105.7 106.7 107.2 0.4 0.5 0.0 0.4 -0.7

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing for intermediate demand

  69.119 111.3 111.7 112.3 2.2 0.5 0.3 0.3 0.4

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing for manufacturing industries

  2.226 104.5 104.6 104.8 1.3 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.0

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing for nonmanufacturing industries

  66.893 111.6 111.9 112.5 2.2 0.5 0.3 0.4 0.4

Construction

Construction for intermediate demand

  100.000 112.4 112.8 113.1 2.1 0.3 -0.1 0.6 0.1

Special groupings

Processed materials less foods and feeds

00/82

92.091 184.0 184.4 186.5 4.1 1.1 0.3 0.5 1.1

Processed foods and feeds

00/82

7.909 189.8 187.6 187.5 0.9 -0.1 0.8 0.6 0.5

Processed energy goods

00/82

16.853 160.9 157.8 164.5 13.2 4.2 -0.3 1.7 4.9

Processed materials less energy

00/82

83.147 188.0 189.0 189.6 2.0 0.3 0.4 0.2 0.3

Processed materials less foods and energy

00/82

75.238 187.5 188.9 189.6 2.2 0.4 0.4 0.2 0.3

Intermediate distributive services(5)

04/10

29.812 111.8 112.8 112.9 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.7 -0.3

Processed goods plus intermediate distributive services

04/10

- 103.5 103.8 104.6 2.9 0.8 0.2 0.6 0.8

Unprocessed materials less agricultural products

00/82

57.843 180.3 201.0 211.7 40.4 5.3 -2.5 10.7 5.2

Unprocessed energy materials(6)

00/82

35.884 136.9 158.5 169.2 55.2 6.8 -5.1 14.9 6.7

Unprocessed materials less energy

00/82

64.116 188.9 193.7 200.2 2.9 3.4 2.3 5.0 2.6

Unprocessed nonfood materials less energy(7)

00/82

24.937 289.1 303.5 314.0 17.8 3.5 2.2 3.5 3.2

Footnotes
(1) Further information about the Final Demand-Intermediate Demand Aggregation system is available online at https://www.bls.gov/ppi/fdidaggregation.htm
(2) Comprehensive relative importance figures are initially computed after the publication of December indexes and are recalculated after final December indexes are available. Individual items and subtotals may not add exactly to totals because of rounding differences.
(3) The indexes for September 2016 have been recalculated to incorporate late reports and corrections by respondents. All indexes are subject to revision 4 months after original publication.
(4) Trade indexes measure changes in margins received by wholesalers and retailers.
(5) Includes intermediate trade, transportation, and warehousing services.
(6) Includes crude petroleum.
(7) Excludes crude petroleum.

"-" Data not available.


Table 3. Producer price indexes and percent changes for intermediate demand by production flow(1) [Nov. 2009=100, unless otherwise indicated]
Grouping Other
index
base
Relative
Importance
Dec.
2016(2)
Unadjusted index Unadjusted percent
change to Jan. 2017
from:
Seasonally adjusted
percent change from:
Sept.
2016(3)
Dec.
2016(3)
Jan.
2017(3)
Jan.
2016
Dec.
2016
Oct. to
Nov.
Nov. to
Dec.
Dec. to
Jan.

Stage 4

Stage 4 intermediate demand

  100.000 110.2 110.4 111.0 1.8 0.5 0.1 0.5 0.5

Inputs to stage 4 goods producers

  29.958 107.3 107.6 108.2 1.2 0.6 0.3 0.4 0.6

Goods

  23.399 106.5 106.6 107.4 1.5 0.8 0.2 0.3 0.7

Foods

  2.455 107.4 107.6 108.5 -1.1 0.8 1.2 0.1 1.0

Energy

  1.539 103.6 98.8 105.7 11.6 7.0 -0.5 0.8 7.1

Goods excluding foods and energy

  19.405 106.5 107.0 107.2 1.0 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2

Services

  6.559 109.5 110.9 110.8 0.1 -0.1 0.1 1.0 -0.2

Trade services

  5.146 111.2 112.8 112.5 -0.2 -0.3 0.0 1.3 -0.3

Transportation and warehousing services

  0.241 109.5 111.4 113.6 1.1 2.0 0.1 -0.5 1.5

Transportation of passengers

  0.076 105.0 109.1 114.6 2.4 5.0 0.2 -1.7 3.7

Transportation and warehousing of goods

  0.165 111.7 112.7 113.2 0.4 0.4 0.1 0.1 0.4

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

  1.172 105.3 105.4 105.8 1.5 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.0

Inputs to stage 4 services producers

  48.611 112.7 112.6 113.4 1.8 0.7 0.2 0.4 0.5

Goods

  14.293 111.1 110.1 110.5 1.9 0.4 0.3 0.5 0.3

Foods

  2.802 118.6 117.8 117.2 1.1 -0.5 1.2 1.4 -0.1

Energy

  2.526 105.9 101.0 101.7 4.8 0.7 0.1 0.8 0.7

Goods excluding foods and energy

  8.965 112.5 112.8 113.3 1.3 0.4 0.1 0.1 0.3

Services

  34.181 113.0 113.3 114.3 1.8 0.9 0.1 0.3 0.6

Trade services

  3.568 107.8 108.6 108.8 -1.7 0.2 0.2 0.6 0.2

Transportation and warehousing services

  2.399 113.0 114.3 115.4 0.5 1.0 0.1 0.0 0.4

Transportation of passengers

  0.321 104.9 108.9 114.4 2.3 5.1 0.2 -1.7 3.6

Transportation and warehousing of goods

  2.078 114.7 115.5 115.8 0.2 0.3 0.0 0.3 -0.1

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

  28.214 113.4 113.5 114.6 2.3 1.0 0.2 0.2 0.8

Construction

  0.137 112.4 112.8 113.1 2.1 0.3 -0.1 0.6 0.1

Inputs to stage 4 construction producers

  21.430 108.6 109.0 109.5 2.9 0.5 0.0 0.7 0.5

Goods

  15.079 108.3 108.5 109.3 3.4 0.7 -0.1 0.6 0.9

Energy

  1.182 72.6 72.0 74.8 26.8 3.9 -1.1 5.3 7.5

Goods excluding foods and energy

  13.897 114.0 114.3 114.8 1.8 0.4 0.1 0.3 0.3

Services

  6.351 109.1 109.9 109.8 1.9 -0.1 0.0 0.9 -0.2

Trade services

  3.378 109.0 110.2 109.5 1.8 -0.6 -0.1 1.3 -0.6

Transportation and warehousing services

  0.921 110.8 111.9 112.7 0.7 0.7 0.1 0.0 0.7

Transportation of passengers

  0.036 106.4 110.0 114.8 2.1 4.4 0.2 -1.4 3.1

Transportation and warehousing of goods

  0.885 111.0 112.0 112.6 0.6 0.5 0.2 0.1 0.5

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

  2.052 110.1 110.4 110.8 2.3 0.4 0.0 0.6 0.3

Stage 3

Stage 3 intermediate demand

  100.000 107.4 108.2 109.4 2.5 1.1 0.5 1.7 0.9

Inputs to stage 3 goods producers

  48.380 109.5 110.3 111.6 0.7 1.2 0.8 2.1 0.9

Goods

  39.364 107.9 108.6 110.2 1.1 1.5 0.9 2.5 1.1

Foods

  11.275 119.2 119.4 123.7 -3.0 3.6 1.6 8.4 2.4

Energy

  2.045 83.7 82.0 84.7 6.9 3.3 -0.1 1.8 4.8

Goods excluding foods and energy

  26.044 107.4 108.6 109.0 2.5 0.4 0.7 0.2 0.3

Services

  8.954 108.6 109.8 109.6 -0.9 -0.2 0.0 0.7 -0.2

Trade services

  7.257 107.5 108.9 108.5 -1.5 -0.4 0.0 0.9 -0.4

Transportation and warehousing services

  0.592 112.0 112.5 113.1 1.6 0.5 0.0 0.2 0.5

Transportation of passengers

  0.029 107.6 111.1 115.7 2.1 4.1 0.2 -1.4 3.0

Transportation and warehousing of goods

  0.563 112.2 112.4 112.9 1.6 0.4 0.0 0.3 0.4

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

  1.105 107.6 107.8 108.0 1.2 0.2 0.0 0.4 0.0

Construction

  0.062 112.4 112.8 113.1 2.1 0.3 -0.1 0.6 0.1

Inputs to stage 3 services producers

  49.745 106.5 107.4 108.5 4.0 1.0 0.2 1.2 0.8

Goods

  10.345 87.5 88.3 91.9 13.6 4.1 0.2 2.2 4.7

Foods

  0.002 133.7 132.8 132.3 3.6 -0.4 1.6 2.7 1.1

Energy

  6.610 78.8 80.0 84.9 22.3 6.1 0.4 3.4 7.0

Goods excluding foods and energy

  3.733 106.1 106.1 106.6 0.6 0.5 0.0 0.0 0.4

Services

  38.393 112.1 113.0 113.2 1.7 0.2 0.1 1.0 -0.3

Trade services

  2.605 125.2 124.4 125.5 3.4 0.9 0.8 1.6 0.9

Transportation and warehousing services

  9.181 122.9 124.2 124.8 0.6 0.5 0.1 0.4 -1.0

Transportation of passengers

  0.031 106.5 110.2 115.1 2.2 4.4 0.2 -1.4 3.2

Transportation and warehousing of goods

  9.150 123.1 124.4 125.0 0.5 0.5 0.0 0.4 -0.9

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

  26.607 109.4 110.3 110.5 2.0 0.2 0.2 1.0 -0.1

Construction

  1.007 112.4 112.8 113.1 2.1 0.3 -0.1 0.6 0.1

Inputs to stage 3 construction producers

  1.873 94.3 93.5 94.5 11.3 1.1 -0.6 2.4 2.0

Goods

  1.423 85.8 84.7 85.9 14.5 1.4 -0.7 2.6 2.8

Energy

  0.641 66.4 64.4 66.2 34.8 2.8 -1.9 5.7 6.0

Goods excluding foods and energy

  0.782 116.2 116.4 116.8 1.6 0.3 0.1 0.3 -0.1

Services

  0.450 115.7 116.8 116.4 2.2 -0.3 0.2 1.1 -0.3

Trade services

  0.409 117.0 118.1 117.7 2.3 -0.3 0.2 1.2 -0.4

Transportation and warehousing services

  0.001 105.0 109.1 114.6 2.4 5.0 0.2 -1.7 3.7

Transportation of passengers

  0.001 105.0 109.1 114.6 2.4 5.0 0.2 -1.7 3.7

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

  0.040 104.2 104.3 104.5 0.9 0.2 -0.1 0.4 0.2

Stage 2

Stage 2 intermediate demand

  100.000 99.3 101.8 103.2 7.9 1.4 -0.6 2.2 1.2

Inputs to stage 2 goods producers

  43.793 88.8 93.3 95.4 16.1 2.3 -1.2 4.5 2.1

Goods

  37.479 84.2 89.2 91.4 18.9 2.5 -1.5 5.3 2.5

Foods

  3.954 109.2 110.5 111.1 2.9 0.5 1.1 0.7 0.6

Energy

  12.863 60.0 70.0 74.6 61.1 6.6 -5.6 16.1 6.6

Goods excluding foods and energy

  20.662 104.6 105.6 106.1 3.9 0.5 0.5 0.3 0.3

Services

  5.881 112.6 113.0 113.9 1.4 0.8 0.1 0.1 0.5

Trade services

  0.411 112.5 111.9 113.4 0.7 1.3 0.9 -0.8 1.3

Transportation and warehousing services

  3.275 130.8 131.5 132.3 0.8 0.6 0.0 0.0 0.5

Transportation of passengers

  0.244 106.0 109.8 115.0 2.3 4.7 0.1 -1.5 3.4

Transportation and warehousing of goods

  3.031 131.7 132.1 132.5 0.7 0.3 0.0 0.1 0.3

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

  2.195 101.3 101.5 102.5 2.5 1.0 -0.1 0.6 0.5

Construction

  0.433 112.4 112.8 113.1 2.1 0.3 -0.1 0.6 0.1

Inputs to stage 2 services producers

  56.206 109.5 110.2 110.9 2.2 0.6 0.0 0.5 0.3

Goods

  5.450 104.4 104.8 105.3 1.9 0.5 0.0 0.4 0.5

Foods

  0.061 75.8 81.1 82.7 -5.2 2.0 0.5 -0.6 2.0

Energy

  0.351 91.1 89.9 93.3 17.1 3.8 -0.6 2.7 5.4

Goods excluding foods and energy

  5.038 105.9 106.3 106.5 1.0 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2

Services

  49.379 110.0 110.6 111.4 2.2 0.7 -0.1 0.5 0.4

Trade services

  1.219 114.7 114.7 115.1 1.7 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.2

Transportation and warehousing services

  7.136 112.5 114.2 115.5 0.4 1.1 0.0 0.2 -0.3

Transportation of passengers

  0.893 105.3 109.3 114.7 2.4 4.9 0.1 -1.6 3.6

Transportation and warehousing of goods

  6.243 114.2 115.6 116.3 0.2 0.6 -0.1 0.5 -0.9

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

  41.024 110.1 110.6 111.3 2.6 0.6 -0.1 0.5 0.5

Construction

  1.377 112.4 112.8 113.1 2.1 0.3 -0.1 0.6 0.1

Stage 1

Stage 1 intermediate demand

  100.000 105.0 106.2 107.7 5.6 1.4 0.6 1.1 1.5

Inputs to stage 1 goods producers

  45.955 98.8 101.7 103.8 9.1 2.1 1.2 1.9 2.3

Goods

  36.635 95.7 99.1 101.7 12.3 2.6 1.7 2.3 2.8

Foods

  2.059 100.6 102.9 104.2 -0.4 1.3 0.7 0.3 1.4

Energy

  5.367 86.4 88.4 93.5 22.7 5.8 -1.7 4.7 6.4

Goods excluding foods and energy

  29.209 99.1 102.9 105.1 11.3 2.1 2.2 2.0 2.3

Services

  9.314 110.0 110.7 110.5 -1.7 -0.2 -0.4 0.5 -0.2

Trade services

  7.042 111.9 112.5 112.1 -2.3 -0.4 -0.4 0.7 -0.4

Transportation and warehousing services

  1.366 113.2 114.7 115.6 0.3 0.8 -0.2 -0.2 0.6

Transportation of passengers

  0.204 105.0 109.0 114.5 2.3 5.0 0.2 -1.7 3.7

Transportation and warehousing of goods

  1.162 114.5 115.4 115.5 -0.1 0.1 -0.2 0.1 0.1

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

  0.906 100.0 100.3 100.2 0.2 -0.1 0.1 0.1 -0.1

Construction

  0.006 112.4 112.8 113.1 2.1 0.3 -0.1 0.6 0.1

Inputs to stage 1 services producers

  46.009 110.8 110.4 111.4 2.7 0.9 0.3 0.5 0.8

Goods

  13.858 100.4 99.4 100.2 6.0 0.8 -0.2 1.2 1.4

Foods

  0.087 84.1 85.6 83.9 -22.2 -2.0 1.6 2.7 9.4

Energy

  5.607 91.7 88.9 90.8 15.2 2.1 -0.6 2.6 3.3

Goods excluding foods and energy

  8.164 111.0 111.4 111.5 0.9 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.0

Services

  32.147 115.8 115.7 116.7 1.3 0.9 0.4 0.2 0.6

Trade services

  4.128 112.5 112.2 112.5 2.0 0.3 0.3 1.4 0.3

Transportation and warehousing services

  2.348 116.3 119.1 123.0 1.2 3.3 -0.1 -1.1 2.2

Transportation of passengers

  1.447 105.0 109.0 114.5 2.4 5.0 0.1 -1.7 3.7

Transportation and warehousing of goods

  0.901 125.9 126.1 126.6 -0.9 0.4 -0.4 -0.2 -0.1

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

  25.671 116.4 116.1 116.9 1.2 0.7 0.4 0.2 0.4

Construction

  0.004 112.4 112.8 113.1 2.1 0.3 -0.1 0.6 0.1

Inputs to stage 1 construction producers

  8.037 109.4 109.9 110.5 2.6 0.5 0.0 0.7 0.6

Goods

  5.589 107.8 108.1 109.0 2.8 0.8 0.0 0.6 1.0

Energy

  0.435 73.8 74.3 77.1 19.2 3.8 -0.7 5.3 7.8

Goods excluding foods and energy

  5.154 113.6 113.8 114.5 1.6 0.6 0.1 0.2 0.4

Services

  2.448 112.5 113.5 113.3 1.9 -0.2 0.0 0.9 -0.2

Trade services

  1.793 112.5 113.8 113.4 2.3 -0.4 0.0 1.2 -0.4

Transportation and warehousing services

  0.091 104.7 106.3 106.5 -0.9 0.2 -0.6 -0.4 -0.1

Transportation of passengers

  0.021 105.0 109.1 114.6 2.4 5.0 0.2 -1.7 3.7

Transportation and warehousing of goods

  0.070 105.5 106.4 105.0 -2.0 -1.3 -0.8 0.1 -1.3

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

  0.564 112.0 112.0 112.1 1.4 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.1

Special groupings

Total goods inputs to stage 4 intermediate demand

04/10

52.771 105.5 105.4 106.0 2.1 0.6 0.2 0.4 0.7

Total services inputs to stage 4 intermediate demand

04/10

47.091 111.5 112.0 112.7 1.6 0.6 0.2 0.4 0.4

Total construction inputs to stage 4 intermediate demand

04/10

0.137 111.5 111.9 112.1 2.1 0.2 -0.1 0.6 0.0

Total foods inputs to stage 4 intermediate demand

04/10

5.257 110.1 109.9 109.9 0.0 0.0 1.3 0.7 0.5

Total energy goods inputs to stage 4 intermediate demand

04/10

5.247 88.7 85.4 88.2 11.6 3.3 -0.3 2.0 4.1

Total goods less foods and energy inputs to stage 4 intermediate demand

04/10

42.267 108.2 108.6 108.9 1.3 0.3 0.1 0.2 0.3

Total goods inputs to stage 3 intermediate demand

04/10

51.132 97.1 97.7 99.7 3.7 2.0 0.7 2.5 1.8

Total services inputs to stage 3 intermediate demand

04/10

47.797 110.1 111.1 111.2 1.2 0.1 0.1 0.9 -0.2

Total construction inputs to stage 3 intermediate demand

04/10

1.069 111.5 111.9 112.1 2.1 0.2 -0.1 0.6 0.0

Total foods inputs to stage 3 intermediate demand

04/10

11.277 106.2 106.3 110.1 -3.1 3.6 1.7 8.3 2.4

Total energy goods inputs to stage 3 intermediate demand

04/10

9.296 75.5 75.7 79.8 19.6 5.4 0.1 3.3 6.5

Total goods less foods and energy inputs to stage 3 intermediate demand

04/10

30.559 102.6 103.6 104.0 2.3 0.4 0.7 0.1 0.3

Total goods inputs to stage 2 intermediate demand

04/10

42.929 82.3 86.5 88.5 16.4 2.3 -1.3 4.6 2.2

Total services inputs to stage 2 intermediate demand

04/10

55.260 111.0 111.6 112.4 2.2 0.7 0.0 0.4 0.4

Total construction inputs to stage 2 intermediate demand

04/10

1.810 111.5 111.9 112.1 2.1 0.2 -0.1 0.6 0.0

Total foods inputs to stage 2 intermediate demand

04/10

4.015 109.3 110.7 111.3 2.7 0.5 1.0 0.7 0.6

Total energy goods inputs to stage 2 intermediate demand

04/10

13.214 59.0 68.6 73.0 59.4 6.4 -5.6 15.7 6.6

Total goods less foods and energy inputs to stage 2 intermediate demand

04/10

25.700 98.9 99.7 100.1 3.4 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3

Total goods inputs to stage 1 intermediate demand

04/10

56.082 87.9 89.8 91.6 9.7 2.0 1.0 1.8 2.3

Total services inputs to stage 1 intermediate demand

04/10

43.909 113.3 113.5 114.2 0.7 0.6 0.2 0.4 0.4

Total construction inputs to stage 1 intermediate demand

04/10

0.010 111.5 111.9 112.1 2.1 0.2 -0.1 0.6 0.0

Total foods inputs to stage 1 intermediate demand

04/10

2.146 94.1 96.2 97.3 -1.4 1.1 0.7 0.4 1.8

Total energy goods inputs to stage 1 intermediate demand

04/10

11.409 84.9 84.5 87.7 18.7 3.8 -1.1 3.7 4.9

Total goods less foods and energy inputs to stage 1 intermediate demand

04/10

42.527 87.0 89.4 90.8 8.0 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.6

Footnotes
(1) Further information about the Final Demand-Intermediate Demand Aggregation system is available online at https://www.bls.gov/ppi/fdidaggregation.htm
(2) Comprehensive relative importance figures are initially computed after the publication of December indexes and are recalculated after final December indexes are available. Individual items and subtotals may not add exactly to totals because of rounding differences.
(3) The indexes for September 2016 have been recalculated to incorporate late reports and corrections by respondents. All indexes are subject to revision 4 months after original publication.

"-" Data not available.


Table 4. Producer price indexes and percent changes for selected commodity groupings by final demand category(1) [1982=100, unless otherwise indicated]
Grouping Commodity
code
Other
index
base
Unadjusted index Unadjusted percent
change to Jan. 2017
from:
Seasonally adjusted
percent change from:
Sept.
2016(2)
Dec.
2016(2)
Jan.
2017(2)
Jan.
2016
Dec.
2016
Oct. to
Nov.
Nov. to
Dec.
Dec. to
Jan.

Final demand

 

11/09

110.6 110.9 111.5 1.6 0.5 0.5 0.2 0.6

Final demand goods

 

11/09

108.3 108.7 109.7 3.1 0.9 0.2 0.6 1.0

Final demand foods

 

11/09

114.8 114.5 113.8 -2.2 -0.6 0.5 0.5 0.0

Fresh fruits and melons

01-11

  134.6 140.0 141.1 -4.7 0.8 9.5 -8.1 -0.1

Fresh and dry vegetables(3)

01-13

  196.0 171.8 169.9 -39.5 -1.1 -9.8 2.3 -1.1

Grains

01-2

  119.9 129.5 131.9 -6.3 1.9 0.5 -0.8 2.0

Eggs for fresh use

01-71-07

12/91

94.4 144.7 96.9 -27.5 -33.0 0.8 39.2 2.3

Oilseeds

01-83-01

  176.0 184.4 183.8 12.5 -0.3 3.2 2.1 1.1

Bakery products(3)

02-11

  276.9 277.0 277.5 0.5 0.2 -0.3 0.1 0.2

Milled rice(3)

02-13

  186.1 180.9 180.6 -8.8 -0.2 0.0 -1.2 -0.2

Pasta products

02-14-02

06/85

205.0 202.4 201.6 -5.3 -0.4 0.0 -0.9 -1.3

Beef and veal

02-21-01

  196.1 199.3 185.7 -8.2 -6.8 10.0 -3.3 -7.2

Pork

02-21-04

  145.8 138.5 146.0 7.7 5.4 -0.8 1.4 7.0

Processed young chickens

02-22-03

  175.1 168.5 168.5 4.3 0.0 2.0 2.2 -1.0

Processed turkeys

02-22-06

  143.0 145.9 140.1 -12.8 -4.0 3.9 -3.1 0.6

Finfish and shellfish

02-23

  326.9 340.5 339.4 4.6 -0.3 1.0 5.1 -6.3

Dairy products

02-3

  197.3 196.9 198.8 5.0 1.0 0.3 3.3 2.6

Processed fruits and vegetables(3)

02-4

  199.7 199.8 200.9 2.2 0.6 -0.2 -0.1 0.6

Confectionery end products(3)

02-55

  277.4 280.9 273.8 -2.9 -2.5 0.0 0.2 -2.5

Soft drinks(3)

02-62

  205.0 203.5 202.8 -2.6 -0.3 0.5 0.4 -0.3

Roasted coffee(3)

02-63-01

  193.9 193.0 191.9 -5.0 -0.6 -1.0 0.9 -0.6

Shortening and cooking oils(3)

02-78

  244.0 249.3 256.4 9.2 2.8 0.1 1.3 2.8

Frozen specialty food(3)

02-85

  187.4 187.6 187.4 -0.3 -0.1 0.1 0.0 -0.1

Final demand energy

 

11/09

94.2 93.5 97.0 14.0 3.7 0.1 1.8 4.7

Liquefied petroleum gas(3)

05-32

  107.8 136.9 139.6 93.1 2.0 -8.7 20.1 2.0

Residential electric power

05-41

12/90

177.3 170.5 172.3 1.6 1.1 0.6 -0.2 0.6

Residential natural gas

05-51

12/90

189.2 192.1 197.5 10.3 2.8 0.3 -0.3 2.7

Gasoline

05-71

  152.0 154.9 169.1 32.3 9.2 -0.4 4.1 12.9

Home heating oil and distillates

05-73-02

  134.9 141.2 156.3 52.6 10.7 0.0 7.9 14.5

No. 2 diesel fuel

05-73-03

  163.1 157.3 160.7 34.8 2.2 -2.0 5.8 5.3

Final demand goods less foods and energy

 

11/09

110.7 111.6 112.4 2.1 0.7 0.2 0.3 0.4

Alcoholic beverages(3)

02-61

  193.7 193.1 194.5 0.9 0.7 -0.1 -0.1 0.7

Pet food(3)

02-94-02

  258.6 258.9 258.9 1.7 0.0 0.2 -0.1 0.0

Women's, girls', and infants' apparel(3)

03-81-06

12/03

106.6 103.9 106.6 0.9 2.6 0.2 -2.8 2.6

Men's and boys' apparel(3)

03-81-07

12/03

113.1 113.2 113.3 0.1 0.1 -0.1 -0.1 0.1

Textile housefurnishings(3)

03-82

  166.1 165.8 165.9 1.5 0.1 0.3 0.0 0.1

Footwear(3)

04-3

  200.2 199.1 198.7 -0.1 -0.2 0.5 -0.1 -0.2

Industrial chemicals

06-1

  229.7 239.2 241.9 8.2 1.1 3.1 0.1 1.6

Pharmaceutical preparations

06-38

06/01

233.7 234.7 243.7 7.0 3.8 0.5 0.2 1.1

Soaps and detergents(3)

06-71

  177.5 177.9 178.0 1.1 0.1 -0.1 0.3 0.1

Cleaning and polishing products(3)

06-72

06/83

176.2 176.6 177.7 0.8 0.6 0.1 0.2 0.6

Cosmetics and other toiletries(3)

06-75

  162.5 162.7 162.8 0.4 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1

Tires(3)

07-12-01

  143.7 143.5 141.6 -1.7 -1.3 0.0 0.0 -1.3

Consumer, institutional, and commercial products, n.e.c.(3)

07-2B

12/06

128.3 127.8 128.6 0.2 0.6 -0.2 0.2 0.6

Sanitary paper products(3)

09-15-01

  183.0 182.4 182.9 0.7 0.3 -0.5 0.3 0.3

Agricultural machinery and equipment(3)

11-1

  224.3 226.1 225.8 1.1 -0.1 0.4 0.0 -0.1

Construction machinery and equipment

11-2

  219.1 219.4 220.2 0.7 0.4 0.1 0.0 -0.1

Metal cutting machine tools(3)

11-37

  199.2 198.9 199.8 0.5 0.5 0.1 0.0 0.5

Metal forming machine tools(3)

11-38

  222.7 221.8 224.3 0.9 1.1 0.4 0.7 1.1

Tools, dies, jigs, fixtures, and industrial molds(3)

11-39

  150.0 150.0 150.0 -0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Pumps, compressors, and equipment

11-41

  246.8 247.8 248.3 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.4 -0.4

Industrial material handling equipment

11-44

  209.8 210.1 211.6 1.6 0.7 0.1 0.3 0.5

Electronic computers and computer equipment(3)

11-5

12/98

27.7 27.6 27.6 -3.8 0.0 -0.4 0.4 0.0

Textile machinery and equipment(3)

11-62

  171.4 171.4 171.4 -2.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Paper industries machinery(3)

11-64

06/82

219.2 219.2 219.3 0.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Printing trades machinery and equipment(3)

11-65

  163.5 163.5 162.9 -0.9 -0.4 -0.2 0.2 -0.4

Transformers and power regulators(3)

11-74

  207.8 209.9 209.8 2.0 0.0 0.0 0.9 0.0

Communication and related equipment

11-76

12/85

109.0 109.1 110.6 1.4 1.4 0.2 0.2 1.0

Electronic components and accessories

11-78

  67.2 66.8 67.5 0.0 1.0 0.0 -0.4 1.0

X-ray and electromedical equipment(3)

11-79-05

  86.5 86.4 86.4 -0.8 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Oil field and gas field machinery(3)

11-91

  214.2 214.2 214.1 -0.7 0.0 -0.1 0.0 0.0

Mining machinery and equipment

11-92

  263.9 266.0 265.5 0.5 -0.2 0.0 0.6 -0.6

Office and store machines and equipment(3)

11-93

  123.2 123.3 123.3 0.4 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0

Household furniture

12-1

  205.7 205.9 206.4 0.7 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.2

Commercial furniture(3)

12-2

  214.9 215.0 215.7 0.7 0.3 0.6 0.3 0.3

Floor coverings(3)

12-3

  186.0 185.7 185.9 -0.7 0.1 0.1 -0.3 0.1

Household appliances(3)

12-4

  115.8 114.0 116.1 0.1 1.8 -0.4 -1.1 1.8

Home electronic equipment(3)

12-5

  51.6 51.6 51.6 0.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Silverware and hollowware(3)

12-6A

12/11

103.0 - 103.0 3.7 - - - -

Lawn and garden equipment excl. garden tractors(3)

12-66

  144.2 144.2 144.3 0.4 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1

Passenger cars

14-11-01

  131.9 135.5 135.7 1.1 0.1 0.1 0.7 0.2

Light motor trucks

14-11-05

  169.7 177.6 176.0 2.1 -0.9 -0.1 0.9 -1.0

Heavy motor trucks(3)

14-11-06

  223.3 224.5 226.1 1.9 0.7 0.8 0.0 0.7

Motor vehicles parts(3)

14-12

  124.9 125.0 124.5 -0.6 -0.4 0.1 0.0 -0.4

Truck trailers(3)

14-14

  201.6 200.8 202.1 -0.3 0.6 -0.2 0.0 0.6

Travel trailers and campers(3)

14-16

06/84

196.8 196.4 196.7 0.7 0.2 -0.2 0.1 0.2

Aircraft

14-21

  292.8 293.4 293.9 1.0 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1

Ships(3)

14-31

12/85

224.0 223.2 223.9 -0.4 0.3 0.0 -0.4 0.3

Railroad equipment(3)

14-4

  203.7 201.6 201.8 -1.1 0.1 -1.1 0.0 0.1

Toys, games, and children's vehicles(3)

15-11

  154.7 155.4 155.7 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.2

Sporting and athletic goods(3)

15-12

  138.7 137.4 137.4 -2.0 0.0 -0.9 0.0 0.0

Cigarettes(3)

15-21

  941.6 959.7 959.7 5.3 0.0 1.6 0.3 0.0

Mobile homes(3)

15-5

  272.9 273.9 274.3 1.0 0.1 0.7 -0.4 0.1

Medical, surgical & personal aid devices

15-6

  177.3 177.3 178.3 0.7 0.6 -0.1 0.1 0.3

Jewelry, platinum and karat gold(3)

15-94-02

  233.6 230.8 233.7 6.6 1.3 -0.8 0.6 1.3

Costume jewelry and novelties(3)

15-94-04

  179.6 179.5 181.0 1.1 0.8 -0.1 0.1 0.8

Final demand services

 

11/09

111.6 111.7 112.0 0.8 0.3 0.5 0.1 0.3

Final demand trade services(4)

 

11/09

112.9 113.0 113.2 0.1 0.2 1.3 0.0 0.9

Machinery and equipment wholesaling(3)

57-11-01

03/09

116.1 118.9 118.3 0.3 -0.5 1.1 0.8 -0.5

Furnishings wholesaling(3)

57-2

03/09

95.1 96.3 95.9 5.2 -0.4 1.5 0.1 -0.4

Chemicals and allied products wholesaling(3)

57-5

03/09

96.3 96.6 97.4 -10.4 0.8 0.4 -1.2 0.8

Paper and plastics products wholesaling(3)

57-6

03/09

117.2 119.3 118.0 1.0 -1.1 -2.6 4.6 -1.1

Apparel wholesaling(3)

57-7

03/09

118.1 119.0 112.7 -3.6 -5.3 -0.8 -2.3 -5.3

Food and alcohol wholesaling(3)

57-8

06/09

104.9 106.5 107.5 0.3 0.9 2.2 -1.0 0.9

Food and alcohol retailing

58-1

03/09

130.5 127.5 130.4 0.2 2.3 1.0 0.5 1.4

Health, beauty, and optical goods retailing(3)

58-2

03/09

118.4 119.6 118.6 -4.3 -0.8 -0.4 0.8 -0.8

Apparel, jewelry, footwear, and accessories retailing

58-3

06/09

115.0 113.4 111.1 2.4 -2.0 6.3 -0.1 4.8

Computer hardware, software, and supplies retailing(3)

58-4

03/09

94.4 93.3 90.8 -12.1 -2.7 -0.8 -1.6 -2.7

TV, video, and photographic equipment and supplies retailing(3)

58-5

03/09

47.3 50.5 57.6 15.2 14.1 6.0 6.3 14.1

Automobiles and automobile parts retailing(3)

58-6

06/09

96.1 95.5 94.2 -4.6 -1.4 0.6 -0.4 -1.4

Manufactured (mobile) homes retailing(3)

58-7

03/09

107.2 106.0 106.3 4.1 0.3 -1.8 0.0 0.3

RVs, trailers, and campers retailing(3)

58-8

03/09

112.5 108.4 102.3 -12.3 -5.6 0.6 0.0 -5.6

Sporting goods, including boats, retailing(3)

58-9

03/09

111.9 112.0 113.2 1.3 1.1 -2.4 1.2 1.1

Lawn, garden, and farm equipment and supplies retailing(3)

58-A

03/09

105.1 104.8 104.6 0.7 -0.2 0.3 0.1 -0.2

Furniture retailing(3)

58-B

03/09

103.3 107.2 108.5 2.5 1.2 0.5 -0.1 1.2

Flooring and floor coverings retailing(3)

58-C

03/09

101.8 102.0 100.7 -6.0 -1.3 0.9 -0.9 -1.3

Hardware, building materials, and supplies retailing

58-D

03/09

114.2 114.9 115.3 2.8 0.3 0.6 0.9 0.1

Major household appliances retailing

58-E

03/09

73.4 83.8 82.5 21.5 -1.6 2.6 3.6 1.0

Fuels and lubricants retailing(3)

58-F

06/09

152.9 136.3 154.6 3.3 13.4 9.9 -13.4 13.4

Cleaning supplies and paper products retailing(3)

58-G

03/09

156.1 153.3 152.0 6.4 -0.8 -4.6 2.1 -0.8

Book retailing(3)

58-H

03/09

110.2 105.5 103.2 -3.5 -2.2 -0.8 0.3 -2.2

Final demand transportation and warehousing services

 

11/09

111.7 113.4 115.3 1.1 1.7 0.1 -0.3 1.1

Rail transportation of freight and mail

30-11

12/08

114.6 114.9 115.3 1.7 0.3 -0.1 0.3 0.4

Truck transportation of freight(3)

30-12

06/09

111.7 112.7 113.5 0.9 0.7 0.2 0.2 0.7

Air transportation of freight(3)

30-14

12/08

108.3 108.1 108.9 -6.0 0.7 -2.3 -0.4 0.7

Courier, messenger, and U.S. postal services

30-16

06/09

129.8 132.0 133.0 0.0 0.8 -0.1 0.5 -0.8

Rail transportation of passengers(3)

30-21

12/08

117.0 117.9 117.9 0.9 0.0 0.3 0.1 0.0

Airline passenger services

30-22

12/08

103.2 107.2 112.6 2.4 5.0 0.2 -1.7 3.7

Final demand services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

 

11/09

111.0 111.0 111.2 1.3 0.2 0.2 0.1 -0.1

Sales of books(3)

33-11

  371.6 373.5 372.2 1.4 -0.3 0.6 0.2 -0.3

Sales and subscriptions of periodicals and newspapers(3)

33-12

06/09

112.1 112.2 112.6 1.3 0.4 -0.2 0.3 0.4

Application software publishing(3)

34-2

06/09

98.3 98.0 95.9 -4.7 -2.1 2.9 -1.1 -2.1

Advertising space sales in periodicals, newspapers, directories, and mailing lists

36-1

06/09

105.3 110.1 105.6 -0.5 -4.1 0.5 3.6 -4.4

Residential wired telecommunication services

37-11

06/09

133.3 132.2 134.3 3.5 1.6 0.1 0.2 -0.2

Cellular phone and other wireless telecommunication services

37-21

03/09

70.5 70.9 69.1 -7.1 -2.5 0.7 -0.1 -2.5

Cable and satellite subscriber services

37-3

12/08

118.9 119.0 119.5 5.5 0.4 0.4 0.3 -0.1

Internet access services(3)

37-4

03/09

97.9 97.6 97.6 -0.1 0.0 0.0 -0.2 0.0

Bundled wired telecommunications access services(3)

37-5

12/11

104.4 104.6 101.5 -1.9 -3.0 0.2 0.0 -3.0

Consumer loans (partial)(3)

39-12

06/09

113.0 110.9 112.5 -3.2 1.4 0.6 -1.0 1.4

Deposit services (partial)(3)

39-2

04/09

62.8 61.7 61.6 -1.9 -0.2 -0.2 -1.4 -0.2

Other credit intermediation, incl. trust services (partial)(3)

39-3

04/09

100.4 98.5 98.3 -2.2 -0.2 -1.8 0.3 -0.2

Securities brokerage, dealing, investment advice, and related services(3)

40-11

06/09

128.8 133.5 136.8 11.3 2.5 -0.4 4.4 2.5

Portfolio management(3)

40-2

12/08

190.8 189.3 192.2 4.1 1.5 -0.7 -0.9 1.5

Life insurance(3)

41-11-01

03/09

104.3 104.5 104.1 0.0 -0.4 0.0 0.0 -0.4

Disability insurance, including accidental death(3)

41-11-02

03/09

102.0 102.0 102.5 0.0 0.5 0.0 0.0 0.5

Health and medical insurance

41-11-03

03/09

120.2 120.3 121.3 1.5 0.8 0.2 0.4 -0.4

Property and casualty insurance(3)

41-11-04

03/09

115.5 115.7 116.2 1.8 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.4

Annuities(3)

41-2

03/09

112.5 112.9 113.4 0.4 0.4 -0.2 0.2 0.4

Residential property sales and leases, brokerage fees and commissions

43-21

12/08

123.8 124.8 124.9 4.6 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.1

Passenger car rental

44-1

03/09

82.7 84.2 78.9 -6.2 -6.3 2.9 5.6 -10.4

Legal services

45-1

03/09

123.2 122.5 124.6 2.5 1.7 0.2 0.2 0.4

Tax preparation and planning

45-21-02

04/09

112.2 112.3 115.9 3.6 3.2 -0.1 1.3 2.0

Architectural and engineering services(3)

45-3

06/09

111.2 111.2 111.3 1.6 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.1

Management, scientific, and technical consulting services(3)

45-4

06/09

105.1 105.3 104.8 -0.1 -0.5 0.3 0.1 -0.5

Arrangement of flights (partial)(3)

47-1

06/09

97.3 97.1 98.1 -2.8 1.0 -2.4 0.1 1.0

Arrangement of vehicle rentals and lodging(3)

47-2

12/08

86.9 85.1 87.8 5.8 3.2 0.6 -1.8 3.2

Arrangement of cruises and tours(3)

47-3

12/08

108.8 103.9 102.3 -3.1 -1.5 -3.1 0.1 -1.5

Physician care

51-11-01

03/09

106.7 106.7 107.1 0.6 0.4 0.0 0.1 0.2

Medical laboratory and diagnostic imaging care(3)

51-11-02

03/09

97.4 97.5 97.8 0.2 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.3

Home health and hospice care(3)

51-11-03

12/08

105.7 106.1 106.2 0.3 0.1 -0.3 0.0 0.1

Hospital outpatient care

51-11-04

12/08

122.3 122.6 122.7 1.3 0.1 0.1 -0.1 -0.1

Dental care

51-11-05

06/10

113.0 113.4 114.0 3.7 0.5 0.1 0.1 0.1

Hospital inpatient care

51-21-01

12/08

121.4 122.3 122.2 1.8 -0.1 0.3 0.2 -0.3

Nursing home care

51-21-02

12/08

116.7 117.4 118.0 2.9 0.5 0.4 0.2 0.2

Computer training school services(3)

52-1

12/08

107.3 107.2 107.5 4.0 0.3 -1.5 -0.1 0.3

Traveler accommodation services

53-11

06/09

115.0 105.5 103.8 -2.9 -1.6 -0.8 -1.7 -3.2

Food and beverages for immediate consumption services (partial)(3)

54-1

06/09

116.4 117.4 117.6 2.2 0.2 -0.1 0.5 0.2

Motor vehicle repair and maintenance (partial)

55-2

12/08

127.1 127.2 127.4 1.4 0.2 0.2 0.2 -0.5

Membership dues and admissions and recreation facility use fees (partial)

56-1

06/09

119.5 116.8 117.0 0.3 0.2 -0.2 0.7 -0.8

Recreational activity instruction fees (partial)(3)

56-2

12/08

114.4 114.4 114.5 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1

Gaming receipts (partial)(3)

56-3

12/08

110.3 109.5 108.2 -0.2 -1.2 2.5 0.3 -1.2

Mining services(3)

60-1

06/85

224.1 222.6 222.6 -2.4 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0

Final demand construction

 

11/09

113.7 114.6 114.9 1.3 0.3 0.1 -0.1 0.3

New warehouse building construction(3)

80-11-01

12/04

142.5 144.0 144.6 2.0 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.4

New school building construction(3)

80-11-02

12/05

149.9 150.8 151.6 0.8 0.5 0.1 -0.3 0.5

New office building construction(3)

80-11-03

06/06

127.9 129.0 129.6 1.9 0.5 0.0 0.1 0.5

New industrial building construction(3)

80-11-04

06/07

118.6 119.9 120.2 0.8 0.3 -0.1 0.0 0.3

New health care building construction(3)

80-11-05

06/12

105.6 106.3 105.9 0.9 -0.4 0.1 -0.2 -0.4

Footnotes
(1) Further information about the Final Demand-Intermediate Demand Aggregation system is available online at https://www.bls.gov/ppi/fdidaggregation.htm
(2) The indexes for September 2016 have been recalculated to incorporate late reports and corrections by respondents. All indexes are subject to revision 4 months after original publication.
(3) Not seasonally adjusted.
(4) Trade indexes measure changes in margins received by wholesalers and retailers.

"-" Data not available.
NOTE: The term "(partial)" denotes incomplete coverage of the index category.


Table 5. Producer price indexes and percent changes for selected commodity groupings of intermediate demand by commodity type category(1) [1982=100, unless otherwise indicated]
Grouping Commodity
code
Other
index
base
Unadjusted index Unadjusted percent
change to Jan. 2017
from:
Seasonally adjusted
percent change from:
Sept.
2016(2)
Dec.
2016(2)
Jan.
2017(2)
Jan.
2016
Dec.
2016
Oct. to
Nov.
Nov. to
Dec.
Dec. to
Jan.

Processed goods for intermediate demand

    184.4 184.6 186.5 3.8 1.0 0.3 0.4 1.1

Processed foods and feeds

    189.8 187.6 187.5 0.9 -0.1 0.8 0.6 0.5

Meats

02-21

  176.6 173.5 170.0 -2.7 -2.0 3.4 -0.9 -1.9

Processed poultry

02-22

  164.8 160.2 157.7 -0.1 -1.6 0.5 1.2 -1.9

Dairy products

02-3

  197.3 196.9 198.8 5.0 1.0 0.3 3.3 2.6

Processed fruits and vegetables(3)

02-4

  199.7 199.8 200.9 2.2 0.6 -0.2 -0.1 0.6

Refined sugar and byproducts(3)

02-53

  164.1 160.8 159.0 -2.7 -1.1 -0.4 -1.5 -1.1

Fats and oils(3)

02-7

  245.4 249.6 254.9 6.9 2.1 -0.1 1.3 2.1

Prepared animal feeds

02-9

  189.1 185.0 186.1 4.1 0.6 0.6 0.4 1.1

Processed materials less foods and feeds

    184.0 184.4 186.5 4.1 1.1 0.3 0.5 1.1

Synthetic fibers(3)

03-1

  118.7 118.7 120.9 0.5 1.9 -0.1 0.0 1.9

Processed yarns and threads(3)

03-2

  133.1 133.1 135.0 0.5 1.4 0.1 0.0 1.4

Finished fabrics(3)

03-4

  153.6 153.7 153.8 -0.3 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1

Liquefied petroleum gas(3)

05-32

  107.8 136.9 139.6 93.1 2.0 -8.7 20.1 2.0

Commercial electric power

05-42

  203.1 191.6 191.4 1.4 -0.1 0.3 0.2 -0.7

Industrial electric power

05-43

  228.1 215.0 231.8 12.9 7.8 -0.5 0.6 7.7

Commercial natural gas

05-52

12/90

176.5 184.9 193.2 11.6 4.5 1.1 -0.7 4.0

Industrial natural gas

05-53

12/90

149.0 156.8 169.9 15.5 8.4 -0.9 0.8 7.9

Natural gas to electric utilities

05-54

12/90

160.1 169.5 185.4 13.0 9.4 -1.8 2.7 9.5

Gasoline

05-71

  152.0 154.9 169.1 32.3 9.2 -0.4 4.1 12.9

Jet fuel

05-72-03

  144.4 154.5 162.8 44.3 5.4 2.3 6.7 1.7

No. 2 diesel fuel

05-73-03

  163.1 157.3 160.7 34.8 2.2 -2.0 5.8 5.3

Residual fuels(3)

05-74

  110.3 112.5 135.5 106.2 20.4 11.6 -11.5 20.4

Finished lubricants(3)

05-76

  382.3 383.7 383.8 -0.9 0.0 -0.1 -0.1 0.0

Lubricating oil base stocks(3)

05-78

06/09

95.3 89.1 91.6 11.8 2.8 0.8 -5.0 2.8

Asphalt

05-81-02

06/85

128.9 134.0 125.6 2.1 -6.3 1.9 15.0 4.4

Basic inorganic chemicals(3)

06-13

  248.8 250.3 249.9 -3.3 -0.2 0.6 -1.1 -0.2

Basic organic chemicals

06-14

  226.6 237.8 241.0 10.9 1.3 3.6 0.4 2.0

Prepared paint(3)

06-21

  271.4 271.4 272.6 0.4 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.4

Paint materials(3)

06-22

  233.9 236.4 230.6 1.0 -2.5 3.4 -2.6 -2.5

Medicinal and botanical chemicals(3)

06-31

  175.3 175.3 174.2 -1.4 -0.6 0.0 0.0 -0.6

Biological products, including diagnostics(3)

06-37

  263.3 263.9 265.1 2.0 0.5 0.1 0.2 0.5

Fats and oils, inedible

06-4

  206.4 228.3 234.1 27.9 2.5 1.4 2.2 3.6

Nitrogenates

06-52-01

  221.3 223.8 225.9 -22.4 0.9 0.8 -1.6 -0.4

Phosphates(3)

06-52-02

  177.8 173.2 175.5 -15.1 1.3 1.5 -4.7 1.3

Other agricultural chemicals(3)

06-53

  182.0 182.1 182.8 -1.7 0.4 0.7 -0.5 0.4

Plastic resins and materials

06-6

  221.0 216.8 216.5 0.7 -0.1 -0.1 -2.3 -0.8

Industrial gases(3)

06-79-03

  243.4 241.7 241.4 7.9 -0.1 -0.2 -3.0 -0.1

Adhesives and sealants(3)

06-79-04

12/83

249.3 249.6 251.9 0.6 0.9 0.1 0.0 0.9

Synthetic rubber(3)

07-11-02

  195.6 201.7 207.3 8.9 2.8 2.0 -0.1 2.8

Tires(3)

07-12-01

  143.7 143.5 141.6 -1.7 -1.3 0.0 0.0 -1.3

Plastic construction products

07-21

  212.3 212.7 213.0 0.9 0.1 0.0 0.3 0.0

Unsupported plastic film, sheet, other shapes(3)

07-22

  208.6 210.0 210.3 0.8 0.1 1.0 -0.2 0.1

Parts for manufacturing from plastics(3)

07-26

  148.4 148.3 147.8 -1.1 -0.3 -0.5 0.3 -0.3

Plastic packaging products(3)

07-2A

12/06

107.5 107.8 109.2 1.8 1.3 0.3 0.2 1.3

Softwood lumber(3)

08-11

  203.5 203.2 203.0 7.7 -0.1 -1.1 2.3 -0.1

Hardwood lumber(3)

08-12

  220.2 222.8 219.8 2.5 -1.3 0.2 -0.2 -1.3

Millwork

08-2

  241.6 241.8 241.7 1.6 0.0 0.0 0.1 -0.1

Plywood(3)

08-3

  194.6 186.7 187.4 -3.0 0.4 -2.6 -0.5 0.4

Paper(3)

09-13

  187.0 186.0 185.4 -0.4 -0.3 -0.1 -0.4 -0.3

Paperboard(3)

09-14

  230.0 242.0 243.6 1.0 0.7 0.7 3.2 0.7

Paper boxes and containers(3)

09-15-03

  247.5 252.6 254.8 3.1 0.9 0.1 1.7 0.9

Building paper and board(3)

09-2

  206.2 206.3 208.4 7.5 1.0 0.6 -0.5 1.0

Commercial printing(3)

09-47

06/82

170.3 170.2 170.1 0.0 -0.1 0.1 -0.1 -0.1

Foundry and forge shop products(3)

10-15

  205.4 205.9 205.7 -1.1 -0.1 0.0 -0.5 -0.1

Steel mill products(3)

10-17

  174.7 174.0 176.7 11.4 1.6 -1.2 1.3 1.6

Primary nonferrous metals(3)

10-22

  168.9 184.4 175.5 14.5 -4.8 3.6 3.9 -4.8

Secondary nonferrous metals(3)

10-24

  214.0 214.5 214.5 8.3 0.0 0.2 1.6 0.0

Aluminum mill shapes(3)

10-25-01

  164.5 168.6 170.2 4.9 0.9 1.6 0.5 0.9

Copper and brass mill shapes(3)

10-25-02

  327.9 373.8 369.6 19.9 -1.1 9.2 3.8 -1.1

Nonferrous wire and cable(3)

10-26

  219.6 231.9 229.4 2.5 -1.1 -0.2 2.6 -1.1

Nonferrous foundry shop products(3)

10-28

  206.2 207.5 207.7 0.2 0.1 0.4 0.1 0.1

Metal containers(3)

10-3

  146.2 146.0 146.3 -0.7 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.2

Hardware(3)

10-4

  210.5 210.7 213.1 1.5 1.1 0.0 0.0 1.1

Plumbing fixtures and brass fittings

10-5

  258.0 258.0 258.0 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1 -0.2

Heating equipment(3)

10-6

  255.8 254.1 254.6 1.5 0.2 -0.4 -0.3 0.2

Fabricated structural metal products

10-7

  216.5 216.5 217.1 2.3 0.3 -0.3 0.6 0.2

Bolts, nuts, screws, rivets, and washers(3)

10-81

00/82

191.4 191.2 191.5 -0.1 0.2 -0.1 0.0 0.2

Lighting fixtures(3)

10-83

00/82

169.0 169.1 169.9 0.4 0.5 -0.4 0.2 0.5

Fabricated ferrous wire products(3)

10-88

06/82

218.6 218.6 218.9 -1.1 0.1 -0.1 0.0 0.1

Other miscellaneous metal products(3)

10-89

  156.2 156.6 156.2 -0.6 -0.3 0.1 0.1 -0.3

Fluid power equipment(3)

11-43

  248.6 249.2 249.6 1.2 0.2 -0.1 0.2 0.2

Mechanical power transmission equipment(3)

11-45

  259.9 260.5 261.1 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.2

Air conditioning and refrigeration equipment(3)

11-48

  181.2 181.8 181.9 1.4 0.1 -0.1 0.2 0.1

Metal valves, except fluid power

11-49-02

12/82

308.0 309.4 309.3 2.1 0.0 0.2 0.1 -0.1

Ball and roller bearings

11-49-05

  255.3 255.2 255.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 -0.1 0.1

Wiring devices(3)

11-71

  227.6 227.5 227.7 0.9 0.1 0.0 -0.2 0.1

Motors, generators, motor generator sets(3)

11-73

  209.8 209.7 210.9 1.0 0.6 0.0 0.0 0.6

Switchgear, switchboard, and industrial controls equip.(3)

11-75

  220.1 219.1 219.8 -0.1 0.3 -0.4 -0.3 0.3

Electronic components and accessories

11-78

  67.2 66.8 67.5 0.0 1.0 0.0 -0.4 1.0

Internal combustion engines(3)

11-94

  164.1 164.1 165.6 0.8 0.9 0.0 -0.1 0.9

Machine shop products(3)

11-95

  185.0 185.0 185.0 0.8 0.0 0.1 -0.1 0.0

Flat glass(3)

13-11

  132.4 132.5 132.8 2.2 0.2 0.2 0.0 0.2

Cement

13-22

  237.1 234.8 239.8 3.0 2.1 0.9 -0.5 -0.5

Concrete products

13-3

  248.1 249.2 250.3 3.0 0.4 0.4 0.1 0.1

Asphalt felts and coatings

13-6

  221.3 220.3 220.5 -0.2 0.1 -0.1 0.0 1.3

Paving mixtures and blocks(3)

13-94

  288.2 287.9 309.5 -0.9 7.5 0.8 -1.0 7.5

Motor vehicle parts(3)

14-12

  124.9 125.0 124.5 -0.6 -0.4 0.1 0.0 -0.4

Aircraft engines and engine parts

14-23

12/85

224.2 224.4 224.9 0.5 0.2 0.0 0.1 -0.8

Aircraft parts and auxiliary equipment, n.e.c.

14-25

06/85

184.9 184.8 185.4 0.8 0.3 0.1 -0.1 0.0

Medical, surgical, and personal aid devices

15-6

  177.3 177.3 178.3 0.7 0.6 -0.1 0.1 0.3

Unprocessed goods for intermediate demand

    173.5 185.7 193.7 17.6 4.3 -0.4 8.4 3.8

Unprocessed foodstuffs and feedstuffs

    154.3 156.1 161.3 -4.4 3.3 2.4 6.0 2.2

Wheat(3)

01-21

  107.7 113.1 120.8 -11.3 6.8 3.0 1.3 6.8

Corn

01-22-02

  122.1 133.5 135.1 -3.7 1.2 -0.1 -1.5 1.3

Slaughter cattle

01-31

  166.9 164.6 174.5 -12.0 6.0 6.7 2.7 1.5

Slaughter hogs

01-32

  76.7 70.5 75.7 3.3 7.4 7.7 29.4 10.3

Slaughter chickens

01-41-02

  205.9 221.6 234.6 -3.9 5.9 8.2 2.9 -2.4

Slaughter turkeys

01-42

  252.1 241.4 210.6 -13.2 -12.8 4.3 4.2 -7.2

Raw milk

01-6

  132.0 132.6 135.3 10.2 2.0 -10.8 20.1 3.4

Alfalfa hay

01-81

  240.1 244.7 275.0 3.7 12.4 12.0 -3.0 15.2

Oilseeds

01-83-01

  176.0 184.4 183.8 12.5 -0.3 3.2 2.1 1.1

Raw cane sugar and byproducts(3)

02-52-01

  160.3 163.0 165.5 9.1 1.5 1.1 1.1 1.5

Unprocessed nonfood materials

    178.3 198.4 208.3 37.9 5.0 -2.3 10.0 4.9

Raw cotton(3)

01-51

  106.8 114.0 114.6 14.7 0.5 4.4 0.4 0.5

Hides and skins(3)

04-1

  210.6 210.4 214.8 -5.6 2.1 0.0 1.7 2.1

Coal

05-1

  186.9 192.9 204.0 9.6 5.8 0.0 0.3 5.8

Natural gas(3)

05-31

  113.0 137.7 170.2 81.8 23.6 0.1 23.1 23.6

Crude petroleum(3)

05-61

  117.7 141.1 133.3 77.5 -5.5 -11.6 18.9 -5.5

Logs, bolts, timber, pulpwood, and woodchips

08-5

  238.7 240.8 240.2 0.5 -0.2 -1.4 0.4 -0.7

Wastepaper(3)

09-12

  345.2 376.2 385.0 41.6 2.3 1.9 6.2 2.3

Iron ore(3)

10-11

  132.1 120.8 119.9 5.8 -0.7 -3.0 0.0 -0.7

Iron and steel scrap(3)

10-12

  324.2 377.7 433.6 69.6 14.8 11.4 15.0 14.8

Nonferrous metal ores(3)

10-21

12/83

273.4 282.1 285.3 25.1 1.1 -0.7 4.3 1.1

Copper base scrap(3)

10-23-01

  365.9 397.8 397.7 13.5 0.0 2.9 6.4 0.0

Aluminum base scrap

10-23-02

  185.8 192.2 196.6 12.7 2.3 2.7 0.7 1.9

Construction sand, gravel, and crushed stone

13-21

  312.7 316.0 320.7 3.7 1.5 0.3 0.1 0.6

Services for intermediate demand

 

11/09

112.2 112.7 113.2 1.5 0.4 0.1 0.4 0.3

Trade services for intermediate demand(4)

 

11/09

111.4 112.4 112.3 0.1 -0.1 0.1 1.1 -0.2

Machinery and equipment parts and supplies wholesaling(3)

57-11-02

03/09

110.9 112.8 112.6 1.0 -0.2 0.2 1.6 -0.2

Building materials, paint, and hardware wholesaling(3)

57-3

03/09

95.7 97.7 94.6 2.4 -3.2 0.2 0.9 -3.2

Metals, minerals, and ores wholesaling(3)

57-4

03/09

134.9 137.3 134.6 -4.1 -2.0 -2.3 2.3 -2.0

Chemicals and allied products wholesaling(3)

57-5

03/09

96.3 96.6 97.4 -10.4 0.8 0.4 -1.2 0.8

Paper and plastics products wholesaling(3)

57-6

03/09

117.2 119.3 118.0 1.0 -1.1 -2.6 4.6 -1.1

Food wholesaling(3)

57-81-01

03/09

102.4 104.0 105.2 0.2 1.2 2.0 -1.0 1.2

Automotive parts, including tires, retailing(3)

58-61-02

03/09

107.3 107.4 107.4 -1.2 0.0 -0.6 0.4 0.0

Hardware, building material, and supplies retailing

58-D

03/09

114.2 114.9 115.3 2.8 0.3 0.6 0.9 0.1

Transportation and warehousing services for intermediate demand

 

11/09

117.2 118.5 119.5 0.6 0.8 0.0 0.2 -0.2

Rail transportation of freight and mail

30-11

12/08

114.6 114.9 115.3 1.7 0.3 -0.1 0.3 0.4

Truck transportation of freight(3)

30-12

06/09

111.7 112.7 113.5 0.9 0.7 0.2 0.2 0.7

Water transportation of freight(3)

30-13

06/09

114.1 115.1 113.6 -1.9 -1.3 -0.9 0.2 -1.3

Air transportation of freight(3)

30-14

12/08

108.3 108.1 108.9 -6.0 0.7 -2.3 -0.4 0.7

Pipeline transportation of petroleum products(3)

30-15-01

06/09

153.0 152.9 153.0 -0.1 0.1 -0.1 0.0 0.1

U.S. Postal Service(3)

30-16-01

06/89

213.5 213.5 213.5 -2.2 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0

Courier and messenger services, except air mail

30-16-02

04/09

140.9 146.7 146.2 -0.3 -0.3 0.1 1.1 -4.6

Air mail and package delivery services, excluding by USPS

30-16-03

04/09

149.4 150.8 157.1 4.8 4.2 0.1 0.9 1.2

Transportation of passengers (partial)

30-2

06/09

112.1 116.4 122.2 2.3 5.0 0.3 -1.4 3.4

Services related to water transportation(3)

31-1

06/09

115.3 115.1 114.7 -0.1 -0.3 0.4 -0.9 -0.3

Arrangement of freight and cargo(3)

31-31

12/08

102.9 102.9 102.9 -0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Warehousing, storage, and related services(3)

32-1

12/08

100.7 101.0 100.7 2.5 -0.3 0.0 0.9 -0.3

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing for intermediate demand

 

11/09

111.3 111.7 112.3 2.2 0.5 0.3 0.3 0.4

Network compensation from broadcast TV, cable TV, radio(3)

35

06/09

123.5 123.2 128.8 4.5 4.5 -0.1 -0.2 4.5

Advertising space sales in periodicals and newspapers

36-11

06/09

105.2 111.3 105.5 -0.1 -5.2 0.5 4.8 -5.6

Advertising space sales in directories and mail lists(3)

36-12

12/08

107.3 107.3 107.3 -2.0 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.0

Television advertising time sales

36-2

06/09

113.7 115.8 110.2 2.8 -4.8 2.0 -2.3 -2.2

Radio advertising time sales

36-3

03/09

102.5 104.2 95.8 2.8 -8.1 0.7 -0.4 -4.4

Internet advertising space sales, excluding Internet ads sold by print publishers(3)

36-5

12/09

74.9 75.3 67.0 -16.9 -11.0 1.1 -0.1 -11.0

Business wired telecommunication services(3)

37-12

06/09

95.8 95.8 96.0 -1.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2

Cellular phone and other wireless telecommunication services

37-21

03/09

70.5 70.9 69.1 -7.1 -2.5 0.7 -0.1 -2.5

Cable and satellite subscriber services

37-3

12/08

118.9 119.0 119.5 5.5 0.4 0.4 0.3 -0.1

Bundled wired telecommunication access services(3)

37-5

12/11

104.4 104.6 101.5 -1.9 -3.0 0.2 0.0 -3.0

Data processing and related services(3)

38-1

06/09

100.6 100.6 100.9 0.6 0.3 -0.2 0.0 0.3

Business loans (partial)(3)

39-11

04/09

189.9 185.1 195.2 2.1 5.5 3.2 -2.4 5.5

Deposit services (partial)(3)

39-2

04/09

62.8 61.7 61.6 -1.9 -0.2 -0.2 -1.4 -0.2

Other credit intermediation, incl. trust services (partial)(3)

39-3

04/09

100.4 98.5 98.3 -2.2 -0.2 -1.8 0.3 -0.2

Securities brokerage, dealing, investment advice, and related(3)

40-11

06/09

128.8 133.5 136.8 11.3 2.5 -0.4 4.4 2.5

Portfolio management(3)

40-2

12/08

190.8 189.3 192.2 4.1 1.5 -0.7 -0.9 1.5

Investment banking(3)

40-3

12/08

153.3 154.2 154.5 5.4 0.2 0.8 0.7 0.2

Life insurance(3)

41-11-01

03/09

104.3 104.5 104.1 0.0 -0.4 0.0 0.0 -0.4

Health and medical insurance

41-11-03

03/09

120.2 120.3 121.3 1.5 0.8 0.2 0.4 -0.4

Property and casualty insurance(3)

41-11-04

03/09

115.5 115.7 116.2 1.8 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.4

Annuities(3)

41-2

03/09

112.5 112.9 113.4 0.4 0.4 -0.2 0.2 0.4

Commissions from sales of insurance

42-1

06/09

104.3 104.5 104.5 0.9 0.0 0.0 0.2 -0.1

Nonresidential real estate rents(3)

43-11

06/09

110.8 111.7 112.3 2.3 0.5 -0.2 0.4 0.5

Nonresidential property sales and leases(3)

43-12

12/08

115.6 118.9 118.3 2.7 -0.5 0.4 1.1 -0.5

Residential property management fees(3)

43-22

12/08

113.7 113.6 113.9 2.9 0.3 -0.3 -0.3 0.3

Passenger car rental

44-1

03/09

82.7 84.2 78.9 -6.2 -6.3 2.9 5.6 -10.4

Truck, utility trailer, and RV rental and leasing(3)

44-2

06/09

103.1 102.4 102.4 -4.2 0.0 -2.0 0.2 0.0

Metal treatment services(3)

59-1

12/84

182.2 182.3 183.1 1.6 0.4 -0.2 0.2 0.4

Construction, mining, and forestry machinery and equipment rental and leasing(3)

44-3

03/09

97.0 97.1 96.7 -0.7 -0.4 -0.2 1.1 -0.4

Legal services

45-1

03/09

123.2 122.5 124.6 2.5 1.7 0.2 0.2 0.4

Accounting services (partial)

45-2

06/09

106.7 106.5 107.7 2.2 1.1 -0.8 0.8 0.7

Architectural and engineering services(3)

45-3

06/09

111.2 111.2 111.3 1.6 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.1

Management, scientific, and technical consulting(3)

45-4

06/09

105.1 105.3 104.8 -0.1 -0.5 0.3 0.1 -0.5

Advertising and related services (partial)(3)

45-5

12/08

107.7 107.7 108.5 0.8 0.7 0.0 -0.1 0.7

Permanent placement services(3)

46-1

03/09

114.7 115.4 115.6 1.9 0.2 1.6 0.5 0.2

Executive search services(3)

46-2

12/08

97.4 96.2 99.9 0.8 3.8 1.5 -2.2 3.8

Staffing services(3)

46-3

06/09

110.8 111.7 111.5 1.2 -0.2 -0.3 0.6 -0.2

Security guard services(3)

48-1

03/09

108.2 108.4 109.1 1.9 0.6 0.4 0.1 0.6

Janitorial services(3)

49-1

03/09

110.4 110.4 111.3 1.5 0.8 0.0 0.0 0.8

Waste collection

50-1

12/08

119.9 119.1 119.6 2.6 0.4 -0.2 0.3 -0.1

Traveler accommodation services

53-11

06/09

115.0 105.5 103.8 -2.9 -1.6 -0.8 -1.7 -3.2

Commercial and industrial machinery and equipment repair and maintenance(3)

55-1

03/09

117.7 118.5 118.5 1.3 0.0 1.0 -0.5 0.0

Aircraft repair and maintenance

55-4

04/09

116.3 116.3 118.3 1.5 1.7 0.1 0.1 0.7

Construction for intermediate demand

 

11/09

112.4 112.8 113.1 2.1 0.3 -0.1 0.6 0.1

Maintenance and repair of non-residential buildings (partial)

80-2

12/10

113.6 114.0 114.3 2.1 0.3 0.0 0.6 0.0

Footnotes
(1) Further information about the Final Demand-Intermediate Demand Aggregation system is available online at https://www.bls.gov/ppi/fdidaggregation.htm
(2) The indexes for September 2016 have been recalculated to incorporate late reports and corrections by respondents. All indexes are subject to revision 4 months after original publication.
(3) Not seasonally adjusted.
(4) Trade indexes measure changes in margins received by wholesalers and retailers.

"-" Data not available.
NOTE: The term "(partial)" denotes incomplete coverage of the index category.


Table 6. Producer price indexes and percent changes for selected commodity groupings of intermediate demand by production flow category(1) [1982=100, unless otherwise indicated]
Grouping Commodity
code
Other
index
base
Unadjusted index Unadjusted percent
change to Jan. 2017
from:
Seasonally adjusted
percent change from:
Sept.
2016(2)
Dec.
2016(2)
Jan.
2017(2)
Jan.
2016
Dec.
2016
Oct. to
Nov.
Nov. to
Dec.
Dec. to
Jan.

Stage 4 intermediate demand

 

11/09

110.2 110.4 111.0 1.8 0.5 0.1 0.5 0.5

Stage 4 intermediate demand goods

 

04/10

105.5 105.4 106.0 2.1 0.6 0.2 0.4 0.7

Grains

01-2

  119.9 129.5 131.9 -6.3 1.9 0.5 -0.8 2.0

Meats

02-21

  176.6 173.5 170.0 -2.7 -2.0 3.4 -0.9 -1.9

Unprocessed and packaged fish

02-23

  326.9 340.5 339.4 4.6 -0.3 1.0 5.1 -6.3

Dairy products

02-3

  197.3 196.9 198.8 5.0 1.0 0.3 3.3 2.6

Commercial electric power

05-42

  203.1 191.6 191.4 1.4 -0.1 0.3 0.2 -0.7

Industrial electric power

05-43

  228.1 215.0 231.8 12.9 7.8 -0.5 0.6 7.7

Gasoline

05-71

  152.0 154.9 169.1 32.3 9.2 -0.4 4.1 12.9

No. 2 diesel fuel

05-73-03

  163.1 157.3 160.7 34.8 2.2 -2.0 5.8 5.3

Basic organic chemicals

06-14

  226.6 237.8 241.0 10.9 1.3 3.6 0.4 2.0

Prepared paint(3)

06-21

  271.4 271.4 272.6 0.4 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.4

Medicinal and botanical chemicals(3)

06-31

  175.3 175.3 174.2 -1.4 -0.6 0.0 0.0 -0.6

Biological products, including diagnostics(3)

06-37

  263.3 263.9 265.1 2.0 0.5 0.1 0.2 0.5

Pharmaceutical preparations

06-38

06/01

233.7 234.7 243.7 7.0 3.8 0.5 0.2 1.1

Plastic construction products

07-21

00/82

212.3 212.7 213.0 0.9 0.1 0.0 0.3 0.0

Unsupported plastic film, sheet, and other shapes(3)

07-22

  208.6 210.0 210.3 0.8 0.1 1.0 -0.2 0.1

Parts for manufacturing from plastics(3)

07-26

  148.4 148.3 147.8 -1.1 -0.3 -0.5 0.3 -0.3

Plastic packaging products(3)

07-2A

12/06

107.5 107.8 109.2 1.8 1.3 0.3 0.2 1.3

Lumber(3)

08-1

00/82

205.4 206.2 205.0 5.6 -0.6 -0.5 1.2 -0.6

Millwork

08-2

  241.6 241.8 241.7 1.6 0.0 0.0 0.1 -0.1

Paper boxes and containers(3)

09-15-03

  247.5 252.6 254.8 3.1 0.9 0.1 1.7 0.9

Commercial printing(3)

09-47

06/82

170.3 170.2 170.1 0.0 -0.1 0.1 -0.1 -0.1

Steel mill products(3)

10-17

  174.7 174.0 176.7 11.4 1.6 -1.2 1.3 1.6

Nonferrous wire and cable(3)

10-26

  219.6 231.9 229.4 2.5 -1.1 -0.2 2.6 -1.1

Fabricated structural metal products

10-7

  216.5 216.5 217.1 2.3 0.3 -0.3 0.6 0.2

Other miscellaneous metal products(3)

10-89

  156.2 156.6 156.2 -0.6 -0.3 0.1 0.1 -0.3

Air conditioning and refrigeration equipment(3)

11-48

  181.2 181.8 181.9 1.4 0.1 -0.1 0.2 0.1

Wiring devices(3)

11-71

  227.6 227.5 227.7 0.9 0.1 0.0 -0.2 0.1

Electronic components and accessories

11-78

  67.2 66.8 67.5 0.0 1.0 0.0 -0.4 1.0

Miscellaneous electrical machinery and equipment(3)

11-79

  116.6 116.5 117.0 -0.8 0.4 -0.1 0.1 0.4

Internal combustion engines(3)

11-94

  164.1 164.1 165.6 0.8 0.9 0.0 -0.1 0.9

Machine shop products(3)

11-95

  185.0 185.0 185.0 0.8 0.0 0.1 -0.1 0.0

Concrete ingredients and related products

13-2

  279.3 280.6 285.3 3.5 1.7 0.5 -0.1 0.3

Concrete products

13-3

  248.1 249.2 250.3 3.0 0.4 0.4 0.1 0.1

Prepared asphalt, tar roofing and siding products

13-61

  220.6 220.9 220.6 0.1 -0.1 0.1 -0.3 1.0

Paving mixtures and blocks(3)

13-94

  288.2 287.9 309.5 -0.9 7.5 0.8 -1.0 7.5

Motor vehicle parts(3)

14-12

  124.9 125.0 124.5 -0.6 -0.4 0.1 0.0 -0.4

Aircraft engines and engine parts

14-23

12/85

224.2 224.4 224.9 0.5 0.2 0.0 0.1 -0.8

Aircraft parts and auxiliary equipment, n.e.c.

14-25

06/85

184.9 184.8 185.4 0.8 0.3 0.1 -0.1 0.0

Medical, surgical and personal aid devices

15-6

  177.3 177.3 178.3 0.7 0.6 -0.1 0.1 0.3

Stage 4 intermediate demand services

 

04/10

111.5 112.0 112.7 1.6 0.6 0.2 0.4 0.4

Truck transportation of freight(3)

30-12

06/09

111.7 112.7 113.5 0.9 0.7 0.2 0.2 0.7

Courier, messenger, and U.S. postal services

30-16

06/09

129.8 132.0 133.0 0.0 0.8 -0.1 0.5 -0.8

Airline passenger services

30-22

12/08

103.2 107.2 112.6 2.4 5.0 0.2 -1.7 3.7

Warehousing, storage, and related services(3)

32-1

12/08

100.7 101.0 100.7 2.5 -0.3 0.0 0.9 -0.3

Advertising space sales in periodicals and newspapers

36-11

06/09

105.2 111.3 105.5 -0.1 -5.2 0.5 4.8 -5.6

Data processing and related services(3)

38-1

06/09

100.6 100.6 100.9 0.6 0.3 -0.2 0.0 0.3

Business loans (partial)(3)

39-11

04/09

189.9 185.1 195.2 2.1 5.5 3.2 -2.4 5.5

Deposit services (partial)(3)

39-2

04/09

62.8 61.7 61.6 -1.9 -0.2 -0.2 -1.4 -0.2

Securities brokerage, dealing, investment advice, and related services(3)

40-11

06/09

128.8 133.5 136.8 11.3 2.5 -0.4 4.4 2.5

Portfolio management(3)

40-2

12/08

190.8 189.3 192.2 4.1 1.5 -0.7 -0.9 1.5

Investment banking(3)

40-3

12/08

153.3 154.2 154.5 5.4 0.2 0.8 0.7 0.2

Insurance

41-11

06/09

114.8 115.0 115.5 1.4 0.4 0.1 0.2 0.3

Annuities(3)

41-2

03/09

112.5 112.9 113.4 0.4 0.4 -0.2 0.2 0.4

Nonresidential real estate rents(3)

43-11

06/09

110.8 111.7 112.3 2.3 0.5 -0.2 0.4 0.5

Nonresidential property sales and leases(3)

43-12

12/08

115.6 118.9 118.3 2.7 -0.5 0.4 1.1 -0.5

Nonresidential property management fees(3)

43-13

12/08

94.8 96.8 96.7 5.5 -0.1 0.2 2.0 -0.1

Residential property management fees(3)

43-22

12/08

113.7 113.6 113.9 2.9 0.3 -0.3 -0.3 0.3

Construction, mining, and forestry machinery and equipment rental and leasing(3)

44-3

03/09

97.0 97.1 96.7 -0.7 -0.4 -0.2 1.1 -0.4

Legal services

45-1

03/09

123.2 122.5 124.6 2.5 1.7 0.2 0.2 0.4

Advertising agency services(3)

45-51

12/08

107.7 107.7 108.5 0.8 0.7 0.0 -0.1 0.7

Accounting services (partial)

45-2

06/09

106.7 106.5 107.7 2.2 1.1 -0.8 0.8 0.7

Architectural and engineering services(3)

45-3

06/09

111.2 111.2 111.3 1.6 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.1

Management, scientific, and technical consulting(3)

45-4

06/09

105.1 105.3 104.8 -0.1 -0.5 0.3 0.1 -0.5

Staffing services(3)

46-3

06/09

110.8 111.7 111.5 1.2 -0.2 -0.3 0.6 -0.2

Janitorial services(3)

49-1

03/09

110.4 110.4 111.3 1.5 0.8 0.0 0.0 0.8

Commercial and industrial machinery and equipment repair and maintenance(3)

55-1

03/09

117.7 118.5 118.5 1.3 0.0 1.0 -0.5 0.0

Machinery and equipment parts and supplies wholesaling(3)

57-11-02

03/09

110.9 112.8 112.6 1.0 -0.2 0.2 1.6 -0.2

Building materials, paint, and hardware wholesaling(3)

57-3

03/09

95.7 97.7 94.6 2.4 -3.2 0.2 0.9 -3.2

Metals, minerals, and ores wholesaling(3)

57-4

03/09

134.9 137.3 134.6 -4.1 -2.0 -2.3 2.3 -2.0

Chemicals and allied products wholesaling(3)

57-5

03/09

96.3 96.6 97.4 -10.4 0.8 0.4 -1.2 0.8

Paper and plastics products wholesaling(3)

57-6

03/09

117.2 119.3 118.0 1.0 -1.1 -2.6 4.6 -1.1

Food and alcohol wholesaling(3)

57-8

06/09

104.9 106.5 107.5 0.3 0.9 2.2 -1.0 0.9

Hardware and building materials and supplies retailing

58-D

03/09

114.2 114.9 115.3 2.8 0.3 0.6 0.9 0.1

Metal treatment services(3)

59-1

12/84

182.2 182.3 183.1 1.6 0.4 -0.2 0.2 0.4

Stage 3 intermediate demand

 

11/09

107.4 108.2 109.4 2.5 1.1 0.5 1.7 0.9

Stage 3 intermediate demand goods

 

04/10

97.1 97.7 99.7 3.7 2.0 0.7 2.5 1.8

Slaughter cattle

01-31

  166.9 164.6 174.5 -12.0 6.0 6.7 2.7 1.5

Slaughter hogs

01-32

  76.7 70.5 75.7 3.3 7.4 7.7 29.4 10.3

Slaughter poultry

01-4

  211.8 221.8 226.1 -5.4 1.9 7.0 3.0 -3.2

Raw milk

01-6

  132.0 132.6 135.3 10.2 2.0 -10.8 20.1 3.4

Commercial electric power

05-42

  203.1 191.6 191.4 1.4 -0.1 0.3 0.2 -0.7

Industrial electric power

05-43

  228.1 215.0 231.8 12.9 7.8 -0.5 0.6 7.7

Gasoline

05-71

  152.0 154.9 169.1 32.3 9.2 -0.4 4.1 12.9

Jet fuel

05-72-03

  144.4 154.5 162.8 44.3 5.4 2.3 6.7 1.7

No. 2 diesel fuel

05-73-03

  163.1 157.3 160.7 34.8 2.2 -2.0 5.8 5.3

Finished lubricants(3)

05-76

  382.3 383.7 383.8 -0.9 0.0 -0.1 -0.1 0.0

Lubricating oil base stocks(3)

05-78

06/09

95.3 89.1 91.6 11.8 2.8 0.8 -5.0 2.8

Asphalt

05-81-02

06/85

128.9 134.0 125.6 2.1 -6.3 1.9 15.0 4.4

Basic inorganic chemicals(3)

06-13

  248.8 250.3 249.9 -3.3 -0.2 0.6 -1.1 -0.2

Basic organic chemicals

06-14

  226.6 237.8 241.0 10.9 1.3 3.6 0.4 2.0

Paints and allied products(3)

06-2

  265.5 266.1 265.6 0.5 -0.2 0.8 -0.7 -0.2

Agricultural chemicals and chemical products(3)

06-5

  200.4 199.7 201.1 -9.7 0.7 1.1 -1.3 0.7

Plastic resins and materials

06-6

  221.0 216.8 216.5 0.7 -0.1 -0.1 -2.3 -0.8

Synthetic rubber(3)

07-11-02

  195.6 201.7 207.3 8.9 2.8 2.0 -0.1 2.8

Unsupported plastic film, sheet, and other shapes(3)

07-22

  208.6 210.0 210.3 0.8 0.1 1.0 -0.2 0.1

Paper(3)

09-13

  187.0 186.0 185.4 -0.4 -0.3 -0.1 -0.4 -0.3

Paperboard(3)

09-14

  230.0 242.0 243.6 1.0 0.7 0.7 3.2 0.7

Converted paper and paperboard products(3)

09-15

  228.3 231.0 232.4 2.0 0.6 0.2 0.9 0.6

Commercial printing(3)

09-47

06/82

170.3 170.2 170.1 0.0 -0.1 0.1 -0.1 -0.1

Foundry and forge shop products(3)

10-15

  205.4 205.9 205.7 -1.1 -0.1 0.0 -0.5 -0.1

Steel mill products(3)

10-17

  174.7 174.0 176.7 11.4 1.6 -1.2 1.3 1.6

Nonferrous mill shapes(3)

10-25

  179.2 189.4 188.6 7.3 -0.4 2.9 2.0 -0.4

Nonferrous foundry shop products(3)

10-28

  206.2 207.5 207.7 0.2 0.1 0.4 0.1 0.1

Metal containers(3)

10-3

  146.2 146.0 146.3 -0.7 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.2

Structural, architectural, and pre-engineered metal products

10-74

  207.8 207.6 207.6 1.9 0.0 -0.8 1.0 -0.2

Bolts, nuts, screws, rivets, and washers(3)

10-81

  191.4 191.2 191.5 -0.1 0.2 -0.1 0.0 0.2

Other miscellaneous metal products(3)

10-89

  156.2 156.6 156.2 -0.6 -0.3 0.1 0.1 -0.3

General purpose machinery and equipment

11-4

  228.3 228.6 229.2 0.9 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.1

Electrical machinery and equipment

11-7

  113.0 112.8 113.8 0.4 0.9 0.0 -0.1 0.8

Construction sand, gravel, and crushed stone

13-21

  312.7 316.0 320.7 3.7 1.5 0.3 0.1 0.6

Cement

13-22

  237.1 234.8 239.8 3.0 2.1 0.9 -0.5 -0.5

Motor vehicle parts(3)

14-12

  124.9 125.0 124.5 -0.6 -0.4 0.1 0.0 -0.4

Aircraft and aircraft equipment

14-2

  267.6 267.8 268.4 0.8 0.2 0.1 0.0 -0.1

Stage 3 intermediate demand services

 

04/10

110.1 111.1 111.2 1.2 0.1 0.1 0.9 -0.2

Rail transportation of freight and mail

30-11

12/08

114.6 114.9 115.3 1.7 0.3 -0.1 0.3 0.4

Courier, messenger, and U.S. postal services

30-16

06/09

129.8 132.0 133.0 0.0 0.8 -0.1 0.5 -0.8

Arrangement of freight and cargo(3)

31-31

12/08

102.9 102.9 102.9 -0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Freight forwarding(3)

31-32-01

12/08

96.3 96.2 96.2 -0.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Warehousing, storage, and related services(3)

32-1

12/08

100.7 101.0 100.7 2.5 -0.3 0.0 0.9 -0.3

Advertising space sales in periodicals, newspapers, directories, and mailing lists

36-1

06/09

105.3 110.1 105.6 -0.5 -4.1 0.5 3.6 -4.4

Telecommunication, cable, and internet user services

37-1

06/09

111.5 111.0 111.8 0.7 0.7 0.0 0.1 -0.3

Bundled wired telecommunications access services(3)

37-5

12/11

104.4 104.6 101.5 -1.9 -3.0 0.2 0.0 -3.0

Data processing and related services(3)

38-1

06/09

100.6 100.6 100.9 0.6 0.3 -0.2 0.0 0.3

Business loans (partial)(3)

39-11

04/09

189.9 185.1 195.2 2.1 5.5 3.2 -2.4 5.5

Deposit services (partial)(3)

39-2

04/09

62.8 61.7 61.6 -1.9 -0.2 -0.2 -1.4 -0.2

Securities brokerage, dealing, investment advice, and related services(3)

40-11

06/09

128.8 133.5 136.8 11.3 2.5 -0.4 4.4 2.5

Insurance

41-11

06/09

114.8 115.0 115.5 1.4 0.4 0.1 0.2 0.3

Nonresidential real estate rents(3)

43-11

06/09

110.8 111.7 112.3 2.3 0.5 -0.2 0.4 0.5

Legal services

45-1

03/09

123.2 122.5 124.6 2.5 1.7 0.2 0.2 0.4

Accounting services (partial)

45-2

06/09

106.7 106.5 107.7 2.2 1.1 -0.8 0.8 0.7

Architectural and engineering services(3)

45-3

06/09

111.2 111.2 111.3 1.6 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.1

Management, scientific, and technical consulting(3)

45-4

06/09

105.1 105.3 104.8 -0.1 -0.5 0.3 0.1 -0.5

Advertising agency services(3)

45-51

12/08

107.7 107.7 108.5 0.8 0.7 0.0 -0.1 0.7

Staffing services(3)

46-3

06/09

110.8 111.7 111.5 1.2 -0.2 -0.3 0.6 -0.2

Aircraft repair maintenance

55-4

04/09

116.3 116.3 118.3 1.5 1.7 0.1 0.1 0.7

Parts and supplies for machinery and equipment wholesaling(3)

57-11-02

03/09

110.9 112.8 112.6 1.0 -0.2 0.2 1.6 -0.2

Building materials, paint, and hardware wholesaling(3)

57-3

03/09

95.7 97.7 94.6 2.4 -3.2 0.2 0.9 -3.2

Metals, minerals, and ores wholesaling(3)

57-4

03/09

134.9 137.3 134.6 -4.1 -2.0 -2.3 2.3 -2.0

Chemicals and allied products wholesaling(3)

57-5

03/09

96.3 96.6 97.4 -10.4 0.8 0.4 -1.2 0.8

Paper and plastics products wholesaling(3)

57-6

03/09

117.2 119.3 118.0 1.0 -1.1 -2.6 4.6 -1.1

Food wholesaling(3)

57-81-01

03/09

102.4 104.0 105.2 0.2 1.2 2.0 -1.0 1.2

Metal treatment services(3)

59-1

12/84

182.2 182.3 183.1 1.6 0.4 -0.2 0.2 0.4

Stage 2 intermediate demand

 

11/09

99.3 101.8 103.2 7.9 1.4 -0.6 2.2 1.2

Stage 2 intermediate demand goods

 

04/10

82.3 86.5 88.5 16.4 2.3 -1.3 4.6 2.2

Corn

01-22-02

  122.1 133.5 135.1 -3.7 1.2 -0.1 -1.5 1.3

Oilseeds

01-83

  176.0 184.4 183.8 12.5 -0.3 3.2 2.1 1.1

Prepared animal feeds

02-9

  189.1 185.0 186.1 4.1 0.6 0.6 0.4 1.1

Coal

05-1

  186.9 192.9 204.0 9.6 5.8 0.0 0.3 5.8

Natural gas(3)

05-31

  113.0 137.7 170.2 81.8 23.6 0.1 23.1 23.6

Liquefied petroleum gas(3)

05-32

  107.8 136.9 139.6 93.1 2.0 -8.7 20.1 2.0

Crude petroleum(3)

05-61

  117.7 141.1 133.3 77.5 -5.5 -11.6 18.9 -5.5

No. 2 diesel fuel

05-73-03

  163.1 157.3 160.7 34.8 2.2 -2.0 5.8 5.3

Industrial chemicals

06-1

  229.7 239.2 241.9 8.2 1.1 3.1 0.1 1.6

Plastic resins and materials

06-6

  221.0 216.8 216.5 0.7 -0.1 -0.1 -2.3 -0.8

Plastic products(3)

07-2

  196.0 196.1 196.8 0.4 0.4 0.1 0.1 0.4

Logs, bolts, timber, pulpwood, and wood chips

08-5

  238.7 240.8 240.2 0.5 -0.2 -1.4 0.4 -0.7

Paper(3)

09-13

  187.0 186.0 185.4 -0.4 -0.3 -0.1 -0.4 -0.3

Paperboard, excluding corrugated paperboard(3)

09-14-11

12/82

243.1 254.9 256.7 0.4 0.7 0.9 3.2 0.7

Commercial printing(3)

09-47

06/82

170.3 170.2 170.1 0.0 -0.1 0.1 -0.1 -0.1

Iron and steel scrap(3)

10-12

  324.2 377.7 433.6 69.6 14.8 11.4 15.0 14.8

Steel mill products(3)

10-17

  174.7 174.0 176.7 11.4 1.6 -1.2 1.3 1.6

Nonferrous mill shapes(3)

10-25

  179.2 189.4 188.6 7.3 -0.4 2.9 2.0 -0.4

Electrical machinery and equipment

11-7

  113.0 112.8 113.8 0.4 0.9 0.0 -0.1 0.8

Electronic components and accessories

11-78

  67.2 66.8 67.5 0.0 1.0 0.0 -0.4 1.0

Stage 2 intermediate demand services

 

04/10

111.0 111.6 112.4 2.2 0.7 0.0 0.4 0.4

Rail transportation of freight and mail

30-11

12/08

114.6 114.9 115.3 1.7 0.3 -0.1 0.3 0.4

Truck transportation of freight(3)

30-12

06/09

111.7 112.7 113.5 0.9 0.7 0.2 0.2 0.7

Pipeline transportation of petroleum products(3)

30-15-01

12/08

153.0 152.9 153.0 -0.1 0.1 -0.1 0.0 0.1

U.S. Postal Service(3)

30-16-01

06/89

213.5 213.5 213.5 -2.2 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0

Courier and messenger services, except air

30-16-02

04/09

140.9 146.7 146.2 -0.3 -0.3 0.1 1.1 -4.6

Air mail and package delivery services, excluding by USPS

30-16-03

04/09

149.4 150.8 157.1 4.8 4.2 0.1 0.9 1.2

Airline passenger services

30-22

12/08

103.2 107.2 112.6 2.4 5.0 0.2 -1.7 3.7

Arrangement of freight and cargo(3)

31-31

12/08

102.9 102.9 102.9 -0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Television advertising time sales

36-21

06/09

113.7 115.8 110.2 2.8 -4.8 2.0 -2.3 -2.2

Wireless telecommunication services

37-2

06/09

72.2 72.6 70.8 -7.1 -2.5 0.7 0.0 -2.6

Data processing and related services(3)

38-1

06/09

100.6 100.6 100.9 0.6 0.3 -0.2 0.0 0.3

Securities brokerage, dealing, investment advice, and related services(3)

40-11

06/09

128.8 133.5 136.8 11.3 2.5 -0.4 4.4 2.5

Portfolio management(3)

40-2

12/08

190.8 189.3 192.2 4.1 1.5 -0.7 -0.9 1.5

Investment banking(3)

40-31

12/08

153.3 154.2 154.5 5.4 0.2 0.8 0.7 0.2

Insurance

41-11

06/09

114.8 115.0 115.5 1.4 0.4 0.1 0.2 0.3

Commissions from sales of insurance

42-11

06/09

104.3 104.5 104.5 0.9 0.0 0.0 0.2 -0.1

Legal services

45-1

03/09

123.2 122.5 124.6 2.5 1.7 0.2 0.2 0.4

Accounting services (partial)

45-2

06/09

106.7 106.5 107.7 2.2 1.1 -0.8 0.8 0.7

Management, scientific, and technical consulting(3)

45-4

06/09

105.1 105.3 104.8 -0.1 -0.5 0.3 0.1 -0.5

Advertising agency services(3)

45-51

12/08

107.7 107.7 108.5 0.8 0.7 0.0 -0.1 0.7

Staffing services(3)

46-3

06/09

110.8 111.7 111.5 1.2 -0.2 -0.3 0.6 -0.2

Security guard services(3)

48-1

03/09

108.2 108.4 109.1 1.9 0.6 0.4 0.1 0.6

Janitorial services(3)

49-1

03/09

110.4 110.4 111.3 1.5 0.8 0.0 0.0 0.8

Traveler accommodation services

53-1

06/09

115.0 105.5 103.8 -2.9 -1.6 -0.8 -1.7 -3.2

Commercial and industrial machinery and equipment repair and maintenance(3)

55-1

03/09

117.7 118.5 118.5 1.3 0.0 1.0 -0.5 0.0

Hardware and building materials and supplies retailing

58-D

03/09

114.2 114.9 115.3 2.8 0.3 0.6 0.9 0.1

Stage 1 intermediate demand

 

11/09

105.0 106.2 107.7 5.6 1.4 0.6 1.1 1.5

Stage 1 intermediate demand goods

 

04/10

87.9 89.8 91.6 9.7 2.0 1.0 1.8 2.3

Prepared animal feeds

02-9

  189.1 185.0 186.1 4.1 0.6 0.6 0.4 1.1

Commercial electric power

05-42

  203.1 191.6 191.4 1.4 -0.1 0.3 0.2 -0.7

Industrial electric power

05-43

  228.1 215.0 231.8 12.9 7.8 -0.5 0.6 7.7

Commercial natural gas

05-52

12/90

176.5 184.9 193.2 11.6 4.5 1.1 -0.7 4.0

Industrial natural gas

05-53

12/90

149.0 156.8 169.9 15.5 8.4 -0.9 0.8 7.9

Gasoline

05-71

  152.0 154.9 169.1 32.3 9.2 -0.4 4.1 12.9

No. 2 diesel fuel

05-73-03

  163.1 157.3 160.7 34.8 2.2 -2.0 5.8 5.3

Industrial chemicals

06-1

  229.7 239.2 241.9 8.2 1.1 3.1 0.1 1.6

Prepared paint(3)

06-21

  271.4 271.4 272.6 0.4 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.4

Plastic construction products

07-21

  212.3 212.7 213.0 0.9 0.1 0.0 0.3 0.0

Wastepaper(3)

09-12

  345.2 376.2 385.0 41.6 2.3 1.9 6.2 2.3

Paper(3)

09-13

  187.0 186.0 185.4 -0.4 -0.3 -0.1 -0.4 -0.3

Converted paper and paperboard products(3)

09-15

  228.3 231.0 232.4 2.0 0.6 0.2 0.9 0.6

Iron and steel scrap(3)

10-12

  324.2 377.7 433.6 69.6 14.8 11.4 15.0 14.8

Steel mill products(3)

10-17

  174.7 174.0 176.7 11.4 1.6 -1.2 1.3 1.6

Primary nonferrous metals(3)

10-22

  168.9 184.4 175.5 14.5 -4.8 3.6 3.9 -4.8

Nonferrous scrap

10-23

  294.9 308.5 313.3 17.2 1.6 2.7 2.9 1.4

Nonferrous wire and cable(3)

10-26

  219.6 231.9 229.4 2.5 -1.1 -0.2 2.6 -1.1

Fabricated structural metal products

10-7

  216.5 216.5 217.1 2.3 0.3 -0.3 0.6 0.2

General purpose machinery and equipment

11-4

  228.3 228.6 229.2 0.9 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.1

Construction sand, gravel, and crushed stone

13-21

  312.7 316.0 320.7 3.7 1.5 0.3 0.1 0.6

Stage 1 intermediate demand services

 

04/10

113.3 113.5 114.2 0.7 0.6 0.2 0.4 0.4

Truck transportation of freight(3)

30-12

06/09

111.7 112.7 113.5 0.9 0.7 0.2 0.2 0.7

Airline passenger services

30-22

12/08

103.2 107.2 112.6 2.4 5.0 0.2 -1.7 3.7

Advertising space sales in periodicals, newspapers, directories, and mailing lists

36-1

06/09

105.3 110.1 105.6 -0.5 -4.1 0.5 3.6 -4.4

Business wired telecommunication services(3)

37-12

06/09

95.8 95.8 96.0 -1.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2

Wireless telecommunication services

37-2

06/09

72.2 72.6 70.8 -7.1 -2.5 0.7 0.0 -2.6

Bundled wired telecommunications access services(3)

37-5

12/11

104.4 104.6 101.5 -1.9 -3.0 0.2 0.0 -3.0

Business loans (partial)(3)

39-11

04/09

189.9 185.1 195.2 2.1 5.5 3.2 -2.4 5.5

Deposit services (partial)(3)

39-2

04/09

62.8 61.7 61.6 -1.9 -0.2 -0.2 -1.4 -0.2

Securities brokerage, dealing, investment advice, and related services(3)

40-11

06/09

128.8 133.5 136.8 11.3 2.5 -0.4 4.4 2.5

Portfolio management(3)

40-2

12/08

190.8 189.3 192.2 4.1 1.5 -0.7 -0.9 1.5

Investment banking(3)

40-3

12/08

153.3 154.2 154.5 5.4 0.2 0.8 0.7 0.2

Insurance

41-11

06/09

114.8 115.0 115.5 1.4 0.4 0.1 0.2 0.3

Nonresidential real estate rents(3)

43-11

06/09

110.8 111.7 112.3 2.3 0.5 -0.2 0.4 0.5

Architectural and engineering services(3)

45-3

06/09

111.2 111.2 111.3 1.6 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.1

Management consulting services(3)

45-41

06/09

105.1 105.3 104.8 -0.1 -0.5 0.3 0.1 -0.5

Waste collection

50-1

12/08

119.9 119.1 119.6 2.6 0.4 -0.2 0.3 -0.1

Traveler accommodation services

53-11

06/09

115.0 105.5 103.8 -2.9 -1.6 -0.8 -1.7 -3.2

Commercial and industrial machinery and equipment repair and maintenance(3)

55-1

03/09

117.7 118.5 118.5 1.3 0.0 1.0 -0.5 0.0

Machinery and equipment parts and supplies wholesaling(3)

57-11-02

03/09

110.9 112.8 112.6 1.0 -0.2 0.2 1.6 -0.2

Building materials, paint, and hardware wholesaling(3)

57-3

03/09

95.7 97.7 94.6 2.4 -3.2 0.2 0.9 -3.2

Metals, minerals, and ores wholesaling(3)

57-4

03/09

134.9 137.3 134.6 -4.1 -2.0 -2.3 2.3 -2.0

Chemicals and allied products wholesaling(3)

57-5

03/09

96.3 96.6 97.4 -10.4 0.8 0.4 -1.2 0.8

Paper and plastics products wholesaling(3)

57-6

03/09

117.2 119.3 118.0 1.0 -1.1 -2.6 4.6 -1.1

Hardware and building materials and supplies retailing

58-D

03/09

114.2 114.9 115.3 2.8 0.3 0.6 0.9 0.1

Mining services(3)

60-1

06/85

224.1 222.6 222.6 -2.4 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0

Footnotes
(1) Further information about the Final Demand-Intermediate Demand Aggregation system is available online at https://www.bls.gov/ppi/fdidaggregation.htm
(2) The indexes for September 2016 have been recalculated to incorporate late reports and corrections by respondents. All indexes are subject to revision 4 months after original publication.
(3) Not seasonally adjusted.

"-" Data not available.
NOTE: The term "(partial)" denotes incomplete coverage of the index category.


Table 7. Producer price indexes for selected final demand and intermediate demand categories, seasonally adjusted [Nov 2009=100, unless otherwise indicated]
Grouping Other
index
base
Index(1)
Aug.
2016
Sept.
2016
Oct.
2016
Nov.
2016
Dec.
2016
Jan.
2017

Final demand

  110.3 110.6 110.5 111.0 111.2 111.9

Final demand goods

  107.6 108.1 108.4 108.6 109.2 110.3

Final demand foods

  114.0 114.6 113.3 113.9 114.5 114.5

Final demand energy

  90.5 91.9 94.2 94.3 96.0 100.5

Final demand goods less foods and energy

  111.0 111.1 111.2 111.4 111.7 112.1

Final demand services

  111.4 111.7 111.3 111.9 112.0 112.3

Final demand trade services

  112.1 112.9 111.6 113.1 113.1 114.1

Final demand transportation and warehousing services

  113.2 112.4 114.1 114.2 113.9 115.2

Final demand services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

  110.9 111.1 111.0 111.2 111.3 111.2

Intermediate demand by commodity type

Processed goods for intermediate demand

00/82

182.9 183.5 184.2 184.8 185.6 187.7

Materials and components for manufacturing

00/82

172.8 173.1 173.7 174.8 175.2 175.8

Materials and components for construction

00/82

230.2 230.2 230.4 230.4 231.0 231.6

Processed fuels and lubricants for intermediate demand

00/82

153.2 155.8 158.1 157.7 160.4 168.2

Containers for intermediate demand

00/82

217.5 217.3 218.0 218.3 220.7 221.5

Supplies for intermediate demand

00/82

190.4 190.2 190.0 190.5 190.8 191.3

Unprocessed goods for intermediate demand

00/82

175.8 174.8 173.9 173.2 187.7 194.9

Unprocessed foodstuffs and feedstuffs

00/82

159.6 156.3 147.6 151.2 160.2 163.8

Unprocessed nonfood materials except fuel

00/82

205.4 204.0 213.0 205.9 224.4 223.6

Unprocessed fuel

00/82

130.3 135.2 134.9 135.3 152.3 178.3

Services for intermediate demand

  112.3 112.2 112.3 112.4 112.9 113.2

Trade services for intermediate demand

  111.7 111.4 111.2 111.3 112.5 112.3

Transportation and warehousing services for intermediate demand

  118.3 117.5 118.9 118.9 119.1 118.9

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing for intermediate demand

  111.3 111.4 111.2 111.5 111.8 112.3

Intermediate demand by production flow

Stage 4 intermediate demand

  109.9 110.0 110.1 110.2 110.7 111.3

Inputs to stage 4 goods producers

  107.2 107.1 107.1 107.4 107.8 108.4

Inputs to stage 4 services producers

  112.4 112.5 112.4 112.6 113.0 113.6

Inputs to stage 4 construction producers

  108.2 108.4 108.7 108.7 109.5 110.1

Stage 3 intermediate demand

  107.3 107.2 106.8 107.3 109.1 110.1

Inputs to stage 3 goods producers

  110.2 109.4 107.9 108.8 111.1 112.1

Inputs to stage 3 services producers

  105.8 106.2 106.9 107.1 108.4 109.3

Inputs to stage 3 construction producers

  91.1 92.8 93.4 92.8 95.0 96.9

Stage 2 intermediate demand

  99.1 99.4 100.5 99.9 102.1 103.3

Inputs to stage 2 goods producers

  88.2 88.9 90.8 89.7 93.7 95.7

Inputs to stage 2 services producers

  109.7 109.6 109.9 109.9 110.5 110.8

Stage 1 intermediate demand

  104.6 104.7 104.9 105.5 106.7 108.3

Inputs to stage 1 goods producers

  98.9 98.8 99.0 100.2 102.1 104.4

Inputs to stage 1 services producers

  110.1 110.4 110.3 110.6 111.1 112.0

Inputs to stage 1 construction producers

  109.1 109.2 109.6 109.6 110.4 111.1

Special groupings

Final demand less foods and energy

04/10

110.2 110.4 110.2 110.7 110.8 111.2

Final demand less foods

04/10

108.5 108.8 108.7 109.2 109.4 110.1

Final demand less energy

04/10

110.2 110.4 110.2 110.6 110.8 111.1

Total finished(2)

01/10

110.0 110.4 110.2 110.7 110.9 111.5

Total exports

04/10

105.3 105.2 105.4 105.9 106.4 107.0

Total Government purchases

04/10

104.5 104.8 105.1 105.3 105.8 106.4

Total private capital investment (goods, services, and construction)

04/10

108.8 109.0 109.1 109.5 109.9 109.8

Finished goods(2)

00/82

191.8 192.7 193.3 193.6 194.7 196.8

Processed materials less foods and feeds

00/82

182.4 183.2 184.1 184.6 185.5 187.6

Processed foods and feeds

00/82

188.8 188.2 185.9 187.3 188.5 189.5

Processed energy goods

00/82

153.9 156.5 158.8 158.4 161.1 169.0

Processed materials less foods and energy

00/82

187.4 187.6 188.2 188.9 189.3 189.8

Unprocessed materials less agricultural products

00/82

179.4 180.8 186.3 181.7 201.1 211.6

Unprocessed energy materials

00/82

133.7 137.3 145.4 138.0 158.5 169.1

Unprocessed nonfood materials less energy

00/82

297.1 291.2 287.4 293.8 304.1 313.9

Total goods inputs to stage 4 intermediate demand

04/10

105.0 105.2 105.2 105.4 105.8 106.5

Total services inputs to stage 4 intermediate demand

04/10

111.6 111.5 111.5 111.7 112.1 112.6

Total goods inputs to stage 3 intermediate demand

04/10

96.8 96.7 96.1 96.8 99.2 101.0

Total services inputs to stage 3 intermediate demand

04/10

110.3 110.2 110.2 110.3 111.3 111.1

Total goods inputs to stage 2 intermediate demand

04/10

81.7 82.3 84.2 83.1 86.9 88.8

Total services inputs to stage 2 intermediate demand

04/10

111.2 111.1 111.4 111.4 111.9 112.3

Total goods inputs to stage 1 intermediate demand

04/10

87.3 87.5 87.8 88.7 90.3 92.4

Total services inputs to stage 1 intermediate demand

04/10

113.5 113.4 113.3 113.5 113.9 114.3

Footnotes
(1) All seasonally adjusted indexes are subject to change up to 5 years after original publication due to the recalculation of seasonal factors each January. The indexes for September 2016 have been recalculated to incorporate late reports and corrections by respondents.
(2) PPI defines Total finished as including only the personal consumption and private capital investment portions of final demand.


Table 8. Producer price indexes for selected commodity groupings, not seasonally adjusted [1982=100, unless otherwise indicated]
Grouping Commodity
code
Other
index
base
Index Percent change to Jan. 2017
from:
Sept. 2016(1) Dec. 2016(1) Jan. 2017(1) Jan. 2016 Dec. 2016

Goods

All commodities

    186.9 188.3 190.6 4.4 1.2

Farm products, processed foods and feeds

    186.2 186.1 186.8 -1.7 0.4

Farm products

01

  149.2 151.3 154.4 -7.3 2.0

Processed foods and feeds

02

  204.3 203.1 202.7 0.4 -0.2

Industrial commodities

    186.7 188.4 191.0 5.6 1.4

Textile products and apparel

03

  143.4 143.2 144.3 0.3 0.8

Hides, skins, leather, and related products

04

  194.1 193.8 194.9 -2.4 0.6

Fuels and related products and power

05

  153.4 154.8 161.7 18.5 4.5

Chemicals and allied products

06

  266.3 269.6 273.3 4.4 1.4

Rubber and plastic products

07

  184.7 185.1 185.6 0.5 0.3

Lumber and wood products

08

  223.9 223.9 223.5 1.7 -0.2

Pulp, paper, and allied products

09

  247.9 250.4 251.1 1.5 0.3

Metals and metal products

10

  196.3 199.8 201.9 7.3 1.1

Machinery and equipment

11

  136.9 136.9 137.6 0.6 0.5

Furniture and household durables

12

  165.4 164.9 165.8 0.4 0.5

Nonmetallic mineral products

13

  233.5 234.2 236.8 2.0 1.1

Transportation equipment

14

  176.4 179.0 178.6 0.8 -0.2

Miscellaneous products

15

  253.0 254.2 254.9 2.0 0.3

Industrial commodities less fuels

    193.9 195.5 196.7 2.5 0.6

Other commodity groupings

Petroleum products, refined

057

  154.2 155.2 165.9 32.3 6.9

Industrial chemicals

061

  229.7 239.2 241.9 8.2 1.1

Rubber and rubber products

071

  172.3 173.2 173.5 1.0 0.2

Lumber

081

  205.4 206.2 205.0 5.6 -0.6

Iron and steel

101

  191.2 196.0 203.6 17.6 3.9

Nonferrous metals

102

  210.8 220.1 219.5 10.1 -0.3

General purpose machinery and equipment

114

  228.3 228.6 229.2 0.9 0.3

Electrical machinery and equipment

117

  113.0 112.8 113.8 0.4 0.9

Electronic components and accessories

1178

  67.2 66.8 67.5 0.0 1.0

Aircraft and aircraft equipment

142

  267.6 267.8 268.4 0.8 0.2

Services and construction

Transportation services

30

06/09

117.9 119.7 121.5 0.8 1.5

Services related to transportation activities

31

06/09

109.7 109.7 109.7 0.6 0.0

Warehousing, storage, and related activities

32

12/08

100.7 101.0 100.7 2.5 -0.3

Publishing sales, excluding software

33

06/09

113.8 114.1 114.6 1.4 0.4

Software publishing

34

06/09

90.1 91.2 88.9 -2.1 -2.5

Network compensation from broadcast and cable television and radio

35

06/09

123.5 123.2 128.8 4.5 4.5

Advertising space and time sales

36

06/09

104.3 107.3 101.6 -0.9 -5.3

Telecommunication, cable, and internet user services

37

06/09

100.0 100.1 98.9 -1.4 -1.2

Data processing and related services

38

06/09

100.6 100.6 100.9 0.6 0.3

Credit intermediation services (partial)

39

06/09

86.8 85.0 87.0 -0.9 2.4

Investment services

40

06/09

149.6 152.0 154.9 8.1 1.9

Insurance and annuities

41

06/09

114.1 114.3 114.8 1.3 0.4

Commissions and fees from sales and administration of insurance policies (partial)

42

06/09

104.3 104.5 104.5 0.9 0.0

Real estate services (partial)

43

06/09

115.3 116.5 116.8 3.3 0.3

Rental and leasing of goods (partial)

44

06/09

91.4 91.9 89.5 -3.9 -2.6

Professional services (partial)

45

06/09

114.0 113.8 114.7 1.8 0.8

Employment services

46

06/09

110.8 111.7 111.6 1.3 -0.1

Travel arrangement services

47

06/09

102.7 100.8 101.6 0.1 0.8

Selected security services (partial)

48

03/09

108.2 108.4 109.1 1.9 0.6

Cleaning and building maintenance services (partial)

49

03/09

110.4 110.4 111.3 1.5 0.8

Waste collection and remediation services (partial)

50

12/08

119.9 119.1 119.6 2.6 0.4

Health care services

51

06/09

114.8 115.3 115.5 1.6 0.2

Education services (partial)

52

12/08

107.3 107.2 107.5 4.0 0.3

Accommodation services

53

06/09

115.0 105.5 103.8 -2.9 -1.6

Food and beverages for immediate consumption services (partial)

54

06/09

116.4 117.4 117.6 2.2 0.2

Repair and maintenance services (partial)

55

06/09

121.0 121.2 121.6 1.3 0.3

Entertainment services (partial)

56

06/09

114.4 112.6 112.1 0.1 -0.4

Wholesale trade services

57

06/09

110.8 112.1 111.8 0.0 -0.3

Retail trade services

58

06/09

114.6 113.5 114.3 0.2 0.7

Metal treatment services

59

12/84

182.2 182.3 183.1 1.6 0.4

Mining services

60

06/85

224.1 222.6 222.6 -2.4 0.0

Contract work on textile products, apparel, and leather

61

06/10

108.3 108.4 108.5 1.2 0.1

Construction (partial)

80

06/09

110.7 111.5 111.8 1.5 0.3

Footnotes
(1) The indexes for September 2016 have been recalculated to incorporate late reports and corrections by respondents. All indexes are subject to revision 4 months after original publication.

"-" Data not available.
NOTE: The term "(partial)" denotes incomplete coverage of the index category.


Last Modified Date: February 14, 2017