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Economic News Release
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Producer Price Index News Release

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until                          USDL 23-1974
8:30 a.m. (ET) Thursday, September 14, 2023

Technical information:      (202) 691-7705  *  ppi-info@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/ppi
Media contact:              (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                            PRODUCER PRICE INDEXES - AUGUST 2023


The Producer Price Index for final demand increased 0.7 percent in August, seasonally adjusted,
after rising 0.4 percent in July, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See table A.)
The August advance is the largest increase in final demand prices since moving up 0.9 percent in
June 2022. On an unadjusted basis, the index for final demand rose 1.6 percent for the 12 months
ended in August.

In August, 80 percent of the rise in final demand prices is attributable to a 2.0-percent jump in
the index for final demand goods. Prices for final demand services advanced 0.2 percent.

The index for final demand less foods, energy, and trade services increased 0.3 percent in
August, the same as in July. For the 12 months ended in August, prices for final demand less
foods, energy, and trade services rose 3.0 percent, the largest advance since moving up 3.4
percent for the 12 months ended in April.

Final Demand

Final demand goods: The index for final demand goods jumped 2.0 percent in August, the largest
advance since increasing 2.1 percent in June 2022. The August rise is mostly attributable to prices for
final demand energy, which surged 10.5 percent. The index for final demand goods less foods and
energy edged up 0.1 percent. In contrast, prices for final demand foods declined 0.5 percent.

Product detail: Over 60 percent of the August rise in the index for final demand goods can be traced
to prices for gasoline, which jumped 20.0 percent. The indexes for diesel fuel, jet fuel, home heating
oil, beverages and beverage materials, and iron and steel scrap also moved higher. Conversely, prices
for fresh and dry vegetables fell 11.5 percent. The indexes for residential electric power and for
industrial chemicals also decreased. (See table 2.)

Final demand services: The index for final demand services rose 0.2 percent in August after
increasing 0.5 percent in July. Leading the advance in August, prices for final demand services less
trade, transportation, and warehousing moved up 0.3 percent. The index for final demand
transportation and warehousing services jumped 1.4 percent. In contrast, margins for final demand
trade services declined 0.3 percent. (Trade indexes measure changes in margins received by
wholesalers and retailers.)

Product detail: A 1.1-percent increase in the index for residential real estate services (partial) was a
major factor in the August rise in prices for final demand services. The indexes for truck
transportation of freight; machinery, equipment, parts, and supplies wholesaling; automotive fuels
and lubricants retailing; services related to securities brokerage and dealing (partial); and residential
real estate loans (partial) also moved higher. Conversely, margins for chemicals and allied products
wholesaling fell 4.7 percent. The indexes for food wholesaling and for deposit services (partial) also
decreased.

Table A. Monthly and 12-month percent changes in selected final demand price indexes, seasonally adjusted
Month Total
final
demand
Final
demand
less
foods,
energy,
and
trade
Final demand goods Final demand services Change
in final
demand
from 12
months
ago
(unadj.)
Change
in final
demand
less
foods,
energy,
and
trade
from 12
mo. ago
(unadj.)
Total Foods Energy Less
foods
and
energy
Total Trade Transportation
and
warehousing
Other

2022

Aug.

0.0 0.2 -0.8 -0.2 -4.4 0.2 0.5 1.0 -1.1 0.4 8.7 5.6

Sept.

0.3 0.3 0.5 1.5 1.0 0.0 0.2 -0.3 -0.2 0.5 8.5 5.6

Oct.

0.3 0.2 0.4 0.7 1.5 0.0 0.2 0.2 0.0 0.2 8.2 5.5

Nov.

0.4 0.4 0.3 3.3 -2.3 0.3 0.4 0.5 -0.4 0.5 7.4 4.9

Dec.

-0.3 0.2 -1.4 -0.9 -6.3 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.0 0.2 6.4 4.7

2023

Jan.

0.4 0.5 1.3 -1.3 5.4 0.6 0.0 -0.8 -0.5 0.5 5.7 4.4

Feb.

0.0 0.3 -0.4 -2.3 -0.8 0.3 0.2 -0.2 -0.8 0.4 4.7 4.5

Mar.

-0.4 0.1 -1.1 0.2 -6.1 0.2 -0.1 -0.6 -0.7 0.2 2.7 3.7

Apr.(1)

0.2 0.2 0.1 -0.4 0.7 0.1 0.2 0.4 -2.5 0.5 2.3 3.4

May(1)

-0.3 0.0 -1.5 -1.0 -6.9 0.1 0.2 0.7 -0.5 0.0 1.1 2.9

June(1)

-0.1 0.2 0.0 -0.2 0.7 -0.2 -0.1 -1.1 0.0 0.3 0.1 2.8

July(1)

0.4 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.8 0.0 0.5 0.5 0.2 0.6 0.8 2.9

Aug.

0.7 0.3 2.0 -0.5 10.5 0.1 0.2 -0.3 1.4 0.3 1.6 3.0

Footnotes
(1) Some of the figures shown above and elsewhere in this release may differ from those previously reported because data for April 2023 through July 2023 have been revised to reflect the availability of late reports and corrections by respondents.

Intermediate Demand by Commodity Type

Within intermediate demand in August, prices for processed goods advanced 2.1 percent, the index
for unprocessed goods rose 1.3 percent, and prices for services edged up 0.1 percent. (See tables B
and C.)

Processed goods for intermediate demand: The index for processed goods for intermediate
demand increased 2.1 percent in August, the largest advance since moving up 2.2 percent in May
2022. Leading the August rise, prices for processed energy goods jumped 12.1 percent. The index for
processed foods and feeds increased 0.7 percent. In contrast, prices for processed materials less foods
and energy declined 0.3 percent. For the 12 months ended in August, the index for processed goods
for intermediate demand fell 4.3 percent.

Product detail: Over 70 percent of the August rise in prices for processed goods for intermediate
demand can be traced to a 41.1-percent jump in the index for diesel fuel. Prices for gasoline; jet fuel;
natural, processed, and imitation cheese; fats and oils; and for particleboard and fiberboard also
advanced. Conversely, the index for industrial chemicals decreased 1.2 percent. Prices for
thermoplastic resins and materials and for beef and veal also declined.

Unprocessed goods for intermediate demand: The index for unprocessed goods for intermediate
demand moved up 1.3 percent in August after rising 2.4 percent in July. Leading the August increase,
prices for unprocessed energy materials advanced 5.4 percent. The index for unprocessed nonfood
materials less energy rose 0.8 percent. In contrast, prices for unprocessed foodstuffs and feedstuffs
fell 2.3 percent. For the 12 months ended in August, the index for unprocessed goods for intermediate
demand dropped 26.9 percent.

Product detail: A major factor in the advance in prices for unprocessed goods for intermediate
demand was the index for crude petroleum, which rose 8.9 percent. Prices for iron and steel scrap,
slaughter steers and heifers, slaughter chickens, slaughter sows, and raw cotton also increased.
Conversely, the index for hay, hayseeds, and oilseeds fell 6.3 percent. Prices for natural gas and for
corn also declined.

Table B. Monthly and 12-month percent changes in selected intermediate demand price indexes for goods by commodity type, seasonally adjusted
Month Processed goods for intermediate demand Unprocessed goods for intermediate demand
Total Foods
and
feeds
Energy
goods
Less
foods
and
energy
Total,
change
from 12
months
ago
(unadj.)
Total Foodstuffs
and
feedstuffs
Energy
materials
Nonfood
materials
less
energy
Total,
change
from 12
months
ago
(unadj.)

2022

Aug.

-1.2 -0.2 -3.7 -0.6 14.3 4.8 -0.9 10.9 0.5 36.9

Sept.

-0.1 -0.1 2.0 -0.8 12.9 -3.1 1.3 -6.6 -0.6 29.2

Oct.

-0.2 -0.2 1.5 -0.8 10.1 -9.7 -0.7 -18.1 -4.1 9.3

Nov.

-0.5 0.8 -1.9 -0.2 7.6 -3.1 0.0 -6.7 -0.7 3.5

Dec.

-2.5 -0.6 -9.8 -0.4 4.8 1.5 -0.2 5.2 -1.7 10.7

2023

Jan.

1.1 0.2 4.9 0.1 3.9 -4.7 -5.8 -7.0 2.1 2.8

Feb.

-0.4 -2.1 -1.6 0.2 2.1 -4.9 -1.0 -10.9 0.3 -10.4

Mar.

-1.0 -0.2 -3.9 -0.2 -1.0 -4.7 -0.7 -11.1 -0.9 -16.8

Apr.(1)

-0.5 -1.1 -2.9 0.2 -3.4 1.1 -1.5 3.7 1.8 -20.3

May(1)

-1.5 -1.9 -7.0 0.0 -7.1 -5.3 -4.6 -8.0 -2.4 -28.3

June(1)

-0.5 -1.1 -0.6 -0.4 -9.3 -1.0 1.0 -2.7 -1.9 -32.2

July(1)

-0.3 1.3 -0.3 -0.6 -7.6 2.4 -0.8 9.9 -2.9 -24.1

Aug.

2.1 0.7 12.1 -0.3 -4.3 1.3 -2.3 5.4 0.8 -26.9

Footnotes
(1) Some of the figures shown above and elsewhere in this release may differ from those previously reported because data for April 2023 through July 2023 have been revised to reflect the availability of late reports and corrections by respondents.

Services for intermediate demand: The index for services for intermediate demand edged up
0.1 percent in August after rising 0.5 percent in July. The August advance is attributable to a 0.3-
percent increase in prices for services less trade, transportation, and warehousing for
intermediate demand. In contrast, the indexes for trade services for intermediate demand and for
transportation and warehousing services for intermediate demand declined 0.3 percent and 0.2
percent, respectively. For the 12 months ended in August, prices for services for intermediate
demand moved up 4.2 percent.

Product detail: Leading the August increase in the index for services for intermediate demand,
prices for nonresidential real estate services advanced 2.9 percent. The indexes for transportation
of freight and mail; services related to securities brokerage and dealing (partial); machinery and
equipment parts and supplies wholesaling; and hardware, building materials, and supplies
retailing also rose. Conversely, margins for chemicals and allied products wholesaling fell 4.7
percent. The indexes for arrangement of freight and cargo transportation, television advertising
time sales, and business loans (partial) also declined.

Table C. Monthly and 12-month percent changes in selected intermediate demand price indexes for services by commodity type, seasonally adjusted
Month Services for intermediate demand
Total Trade Transportation
and
warehousing
Other Total, change
from 12 months
ago (unadj.)

2022

Aug.

0.6 -0.9 -0.3 1.3 6.0

Sept.

0.5 0.1 -0.4 0.8 6.2

Oct.

0.4 0.0 0.6 0.5 6.7

Nov.

0.8 0.9 -1.3 1.2 6.9

Dec.

0.0 -1.3 0.0 0.4 6.0

2023

Jan.

1.0 0.8 0.5 1.1 6.3

Feb.

0.3 -0.7 0.0 0.7 6.2

Mar.

-0.3 0.9 -1.0 -0.5 4.5

Apr.(1)

0.7 0.8 -1.1 1.0 4.4

May(1)

0.1 -0.4 -0.4 0.4 3.9

June(1)

0.0 -0.8 0.0 0.2 4.2

July(1)

0.5 1.4 0.6 0.2 4.5

Aug.

0.1 -0.3 -0.2 0.3 4.2

Footnotes
(1) Some of the figures shown above and elsewhere in this release may differ from those previously reported because data for April 2023 through July 2023 have been revised to reflect the availability of late reports and corrections by respondents.

Intermediate Demand by Production Flow

Stage 4 intermediate demand: Prices for stage 4 intermediate demand rose 0.6 percent in
August, the largest advance since moving up 1.0 percent in January. In August, the index for total
goods inputs to stage 4 intermediate demand increased 0.6 percent, and prices for total services
inputs climbed 0.5 percent. (See table D.) Advances in the indexes for diesel fuel, nonresidential
real estate services, gasoline, machinery and equipment parts and supplies wholesaling, services
related to securities brokerage and dealing (partial), and transportation of freight and mail
outweighed declines in the indexes for chemicals and allied products wholesaling; business loans
(partial); and hay, hayseeds, and oilseeds. For the 12 months ended in August, prices for stage 4
intermediate demand increased 2.3 percent, the largest 12-month rise since moving up 2.7
percent in April.

Stage 3 intermediate demand: The index for stage 3 intermediate demand increased 0.9 percent
in August, the largest advance since rising 1.7 percent in May 2022. In August, prices for total
goods inputs to stage 3 intermediate demand jumped 2.5 percent. Conversely, the index for total
services inputs fell 0.5 percent. Advancing prices for diesel fuel, jet fuel, gasoline, transportation
of freight and mail, nonresidential real estate services, and slaughter steers and heifers
outweighed decreases in the indexes for television advertising time sales, arrangement of freight
and cargo transportation, and raw milk. For the 12 months ended in August, prices for stage 3
intermediate demand moved down 4.5 percent.

Stage 2 intermediate demand: The index for stage 2 intermediate demand rose 0.7 percent in
August after advancing 1.7 percent in July. In August, prices for total goods inputs to stage 2
intermediate demand increased 2.2 percent. In contrast, the index for total services inputs fell 0.4
percent. Advances in the indexes for crude petroleum, iron and steel scrap, diesel fuel, liquefied
petroleum gas, automotive fuels and lubricants retailing, and machinery and equipment parts and
supplies wholesaling outweighed decreasing prices for arrangement of freight and cargo
transportation, natural gas, and business loans (partial). For the 12 months ended in August, the
index for stage 2 intermediate demand dropped 10.1 percent.

Stage 1 intermediate demand: The index for stage 1 intermediate demand increased 1.6 percent
in August, the largest advance since moving up 1.6 percent in April 2022. In August, prices for
total goods inputs to stage 1 intermediate demand rose 2.5 percent, and prices for total services
inputs climbed 0.6 percent. Increases in the indexes for diesel fuel; nonresidential real estate
services; gasoline; services related to securities brokerage and dealing (partial); transportation of
freight and mail; and hardware, building materials, and supplies retailing outweighed decreases
in the indexes for chemicals and allied products wholesaling; metals, minerals, and ores
wholesaling; and industrial chemicals. For the 12 months ended in August, prices for stage 1
intermediate demand declined 1.0 percent.

Table D. Monthly percent changes in selected intermediate demand price indexes by production flow, seasonally adjusted
Month Stage 4 intermediate
demand
Stage 3 intermediate
demand
Stage 2 intermediate
demand
Stage 1 intermediate
demand
Total Goods
inputs
Services
inputs
Total Goods
inputs
Services
inputs
Total Goods
inputs
Services
inputs
Total Goods
inputs
Services
inputs

2022

Aug.

0.3 0.0 0.6 -1.3 -2.6 0.1 3.0 4.8 1.2 -0.4 -1.2 0.5

Sept.

0.4 0.1 0.7 0.0 -0.1 0.1 -1.9 -4.0 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2

Oct.

0.1 -0.1 0.2 -0.1 -0.6 0.5 -4.7 -9.8 0.8 0.1 -0.2 0.4

Nov.

0.4 -0.2 1.0 -0.4 -1.1 0.3 -1.0 -2.9 0.8 0.1 -0.6 0.9

Dec.

-0.4 -0.7 0.0 -2.0 -3.8 0.0 1.0 1.5 0.6 -1.8 -3.0 -0.4

2023

Jan.

1.0 0.8 1.2 0.2 -0.5 0.9 -0.9 -2.9 0.9 0.7 0.8 0.7

Feb.

0.0 -0.1 0.2 -0.2 -0.6 0.1 -1.4 -4.6 1.2 -0.3 -0.4 -0.2

Mar.

-0.3 -0.5 -0.1 -0.7 -1.1 -0.4 -2.5 -4.9 -0.7 -0.4 -1.0 0.2

Apr.(1)

0.3 -0.2 0.7 -0.2 -1.2 0.7 0.9 1.2 0.7 -0.1 -0.7 0.5

May(1)

-0.2 -0.5 0.2 -1.4 -2.9 -0.1 -1.4 -4.0 0.6 -1.0 -1.7 -0.2

June(1)

-0.1 0.0 -0.1 -0.2 -0.2 -0.2 -1.0 -2.2 -0.2 -0.2 -0.7 0.2

July(1)

0.4 -0.1 0.8 -0.5 -1.5 0.3 1.7 4.0 0.1 0.1 -0.8 0.8

Aug.

0.6 0.6 0.5 0.9 2.5 -0.5 0.7 2.2 -0.4 1.6 2.5 0.6

Footnotes
(1) Some of the figures shown above and elsewhere in this release may differ from those previously reported because data for April 2023 through July 2023 have been revised to reflect the availability of late reports and corrections by respondents.

________________
The Producer Price Index for September 2023 is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, October 11, 2023,
at 8:30 a.m. (ET).


                                          Technical Note


Brief Explanation of Producer Price Indexes

   The Producer Price Index (PPI) of the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) is a family of
indexes that measures the average change over time in prices received (price changes) by
producers for domestically produced goods, services, and construction.  PPIs measure
price change from the perspective of the seller.  This contrasts with other measures,
such as the Consumer Price Index (CPI).  CPIs measure price change from the purchaser's
perspective.

   More than 10,000 PPIs for individual products and groups of products are released each
month. PPIs are available for the products of virtually every industry in the mining and
manufacturing sectors. Over time, new PPIs have been introduced for products of
industries in the services and construction sectors of the U.S. economy. As of January
2023, the PPI covered 69 percent of services as measured by 2017 Census revenue, and 17
percent of construction.

   More than 64,000 price quotations per month are organized into three sets of PPIs:
(1) Final demand-Intermediate demand (FD-ID) indexes, (2) commodity indexes, and (3)
indexes for the net output of industries and their products.  The FD-ID structure
organizes products by class of buyer and degree of fabrication as well as by stage of
production.  The commodity structure organizes products by similarity of end use or
product type.  The entire output of various industries is sampled to derive price indexes
for the net output of industries and their products.


Final Demand-Intermediate Demand Indexes

   The PPI FD-ID structure measures price change for goods, services, and construction
sold to final demand and to intermediate demand. The FD-ID system replaced the PPI stage-
of-processing (SOP) system as PPI's primary aggregation model with the release of data
for January 2014. The FD-ID model expands coverage beyond that of the SOP system through
the addition of services, construction, exports, and government purchases.

   Compared with finished goods under the SOP system, the PPI for final demand goods
includes nearly a 50 percent expansion of coverage. This increase can be traced to the
addition of government purchases and exports. For overall final demand, expansion to
include final demand services represents an even larger increase in coverage. In December
2022, final demand goods were about 30.7 percent of overall final demand, final demand
services were roughly 66.6 percent, and final demand construction was about 2.7 percent
of final demand. Within intermediate demand, coverage of services for intermediate demand
resulted in about a 45 percent increase in coverage of the intermediate demand portion of
the economy.

   FD-ID indexes are constructed from commodity-based producer output price indexes.
Commodities are allocated to aggregate indexes primarily based on the type of buyer.  The
main source of data used to determine the type of buyer is the "Use of commodities by
industries, before redefinition," table from the Benchmark Input-Output Accounts of the
U.S. In many cases, the same commodity is purchased by different types of buyers.  As a
result, commodities are often included in several FD-ID indexes.  For example, regular
gasoline is purchased for personal consumption, export, government use, and business use.
The PPI program publishes only one commodity index for regular gasoline (wpu057104),
reflecting sales to all types of buyers, and this index is used in all aggregations
regardless of whether the gasoline is sold for personal consumption, as an export, to
government, or to businesses.  Proportions based on BEA "Use of Commodities" data are
used to allocate the correct portion of the total weight of gasoline to each use
category.  In cases when buyer type is an important price determining characteristic,
indexes are created based on specific buyer type. For example, within the PPI category
for loan services, separate indexes for consumer loans and business loans were
constructed. For more information relating to the FD-ID structure, see "A new,
experimental system of indexes from the PPI program" in the February 2011 Monthly Labor
Review.

Final Demand:  The final demand portion of the FD-ID structure measures price change for
commodities sold for personal consumption, capital investment, government, and export.
The system is composed of six main price indexes: final demand goods; final demand trade
services; final demand transportation and warehousing services; final demand services
less trade, transportation, and warehousing; final demand construction; and overall final
demand.

   The final demand goods index measures price change for both unprocessed and processed
goods sold to final demand.  Fresh fruits sold to consumers and computers sold for
capital investment are examples of transactions included in the final demand goods price
index. The final demand trade services index measures price change for the retailing and
wholesaling of merchandise sold to final demand, generally without transformation. (Trade
indexes measure changes in margins received by wholesalers and retailers.) The final
demand transportation and warehousing services index tracks price change for
transportation of passengers, as well as, transportation of cargo sold to final demand,
and also includes prices for warehousing and storage of goods sold to final demand.  The
final demand services less trade, transportation, and warehousing index measures price
change for all services other than trade and transportation sold to final demand.
Publishing, banking, lodging, and health care are examples of these services.  The final
demand construction index tracks price change for new construction, as well as
maintenance and repair construction sold to final demand.  Construction of office
buildings is an example of a commodity that would be included in the final demand
construction index.  Lastly, the overall final demand index tracks price change for all
types of commodities sold to final demand by combining the five final demand component
indexes described above.

Intermediate Demand: The intermediate demand portion of the FD-ID system tracks price
change for goods, services, and construction products sold to businesses as inputs to
production, excluding capital investment. The system includes two parallel treatments of
intermediate demand. The first treatment organizes intermediate demand commodities by
type. The second organizes intermediate demand commodities into production stages, with
the explicit goal of developing a forward-flow model of production and price change.

   The intermediate demand by commodity type portion of the system organizes commodities
by similarity of product.  The system is composed of six main price indexes: unprocessed
goods for intermediate demand; processed goods for intermediate demand; intermediate
demand trade services; intermediate demand transportation and warehousing services;
intermediate demand services less trade, transportation, and warehousing; and
intermediate demand construction.

   The unprocessed goods for intermediate demand price index measures price change for
goods sold to businesses as inputs to production that have undergone no fabrication.
Crude petroleum sold to refineries is an example of an unprocessed good sold to
intermediate demand.  The processed goods for intermediate demand index tracks price
change for fabricated goods sold as business inputs.  Examples include car parts sold to
car manufacturers and gasoline sold to trucking companies.  The index for trade services
for intermediate demand measures price change for the services of retailing and
wholesaling goods purchased by businesses as inputs to production. The intermediate
demand transportation and warehousing services index measures price change for business
travel, as well as, transportation and warehousing of cargo sold to intermediate demand.
The intermediate demand services less trade, transportation, and warehousing index
measures price change for services other than trade, transportation, and warehousing sold
as inputs to production.  Legal and accounting services purchased by businesses are
examples of intermediate demand services excluding trade, transportation, and
warehousing.  Finally, the construction for intermediate demand index measures price
change for construction purchased by firms as inputs to production.  The index for
construction for intermediate demand tracks price change for maintenance and repair
construction purchased by firms.

   The production flow treatment of intermediate demand is a stage-based system of price
indexes. These indexes can be used to study price transmission across stages of
production and final demand. This system is constructed in a manner that maximizes
forward flow of production between stages, while minimizing back-flow of production. The
production flow treatment contains four main indexes: intermediate demand stage 1,
intermediate demand stage 2, intermediate demand stage 3, and intermediate demand stage
4.

   Indexes for the four stages were developed by first assigning each industry in the
economy to one of four stages of production, where industries assigned to the fourth
stage primarily produce output consumed as final demand, industries in the third stage
primarily produce output consumed by stage 4 industries, industries assigned to the
second stage primarily produce output consumed by stage 3 industries, and industries
assigned to the first stage produce output primarily consumed by stage 2 industries.  The
four indexes then track prices for the net inputs consumed by industries in each of the
four stages of production.  The stage 4 intermediate demand index, for example, tracks
price change for inputs consumed, but not produced, by industries included in the fourth
stage of production.  Hence, the index tracks price change in inputs to industries that
primarily produce final demand commodities (stage 4 producers primarily produce
commodities sold to final demand).

   Examples of heavily weighted goods-producing industries in stage 4 include the
manufacture of light trucks and utility vehicles, automobiles, and pharmaceuticals.
Retail trade, food service and drinking places, and hospitals are examples of heavily
weighted service industries included in stage 4.  Stage 4 also includes all new
construction industries.  Examples of goods consumed by stage 4 industries include motor
vehicle parts, commercial electric power, plastic construction products, biological
products, and beef and veal.  Engineering services, machinery and equipment wholesaling,
long distance motor carrying, and legal services constitute examples of services consumed
by stage 4 industries.

   Examples of highly weighted goods-producing industries included in stage 3 are motor
vehicle parts manufacturing, animal (except poultry) slaughtering and processing, and
semiconductor manufacturing.  Services industries classified in stage 3 include wholesale
trade; insurance carriers; architecture, engineering, and related services; and hotels
and motels.  Examples of goods consumed by stage 3 industries include slaughter steers
and heifers, industrial electric power, and hot rolled steel bars, plates, and structural
shapes.  Services commonly consumed by stage 3 industries include commissions from sales
of property and casualty insurance, business loans, temporary help services, and
administrative and general management consulting services.

   Petroleum refineries; electricity generation, transmission, and distribution; natural
gas distribution; cattle ranching and farming; and plastic materials and resin
manufacturing are among the goods-based industries assigned to stage 2.  Services
industries that are heavily weighted in stage 2 include management of companies and
enterprises; non-depository credit intermediation; insurance agencies and brokerages; and
services to buildings and dwellings. Goods commonly purchased by stage 2 industries
include crude oil, natural gas, formula feeds, and primary basic organic chemicals.
Services that are heavily weighted in the intermediate demand stage 2 index are legal
services, business loans, and cellular phone and other wireless telecommunication.

   Goods producing industries in stage 1 include oil and gas extraction, paper mills, and
grain farming.  Real estate, legal services, and advertising services are examples of
highly weighted services industries included in stage 1.  Examples of goods consumed by
stage 1 industries are commercial and industrial electric power and gasoline. Services
commonly consumed by stage 1 industries include solid waste collection, chemicals and
allied products wholesaling, and guestroom or unit rental.  It should be noted that all
inputs purchased by stage 1 industries are by definition produced either within stage 1
or by latter stages of processing, leaving stage 1 less useful for price transmission
analysis. For additional information on industry stage assignments, see www.bls.gov/ppi/
fd-id/ppi-intermediate-demand-by-production-flow-industry-stage-assignments.htm.


Comparing the PPI with CPI

   Although some data users utilize the PPI as a potential indicator of the Consumer
Price Index (CPI), there are many reasons why the PPI and the CPI may diverge. The scope
of the personal consumption portion of the PPI includes all marketable output sold by
domestic producers for households. The scope of the CPI includes goods and services
provided by business or government, where explicit user charges are paid by consumers.
For example, the most heavily weighted item in the CPI, owners' equivalent rent, is
excluded from the PPI. The scope of the CPI includes imports. The PPI excludes imports.
The CPI only includes components of personal consumption directly paid for by the
consumers, while the PPI includes components of personal consumption that may not be paid
for by consumers. For example, the PPI includes medical services paid for by third
parties. In contrast to CPI, PPI does not completely cover services. PPIs exclude taxes,
since they do not represent producer revenue. Conversely, sales and other taxes paid by
consumers are part of household expenditure and are included in the CPI. Additional
technical differences between PPI and CPI also exist. For more information see "Comparing
new final demand producer price indexes with other Government price indexes," Monthly
Labor Review, January 2014, at www.bls.gov/opub/mlr/.


Commodity Indexes

   The commodity classification of the PPI organizes goods, services, and construction by
similarity of product or end use, disregarding industry of origin. With the release of
data for July 2009, PPI expanded its commodity structure to include indexes for services
and construction products. Prior to this date, the PPI commodity structure only included
products from goods producing sectors. Table 9 of the PPI Detailed Report includes data
for commodity indexes, organized in a hierarchal structure, including major groupings,
subgroups, product classes, sub-product classes, and individual items.


Industry Net-Output Price Indexes

   PPIs for the net output of industries and their products are grouped according to the
North American Industry Classification System (NAICS).  Prior to the release of January
2004, industry-based PPIs were published according to the Standard Industrial
Classification (SIC) system.  Industry price indexes are compatible with other economic
time series organized by industry, such as data on employment, wages, and productivity.
Table 11 of the PPI Detailed Report includes data for NAICS industries and industry
groups (3-, 4-, 5-, and 6-digit codes), Census product classes (7- and 8-digit codes),
products (9-digit codes), more detailed sub-products (11-digit codes), and, for some
industries, indexes for other sources of revenue.

   Indexes may represent one of three kinds of product categories.  Every industry has
primary product indexes that show changes in prices received by establishments classified
in the industry for products made primarily, but not necessarily exclusively, by that
industry. The industry classification of an establishment is determined by which products
make up a plurality of its total shipment value.  In addition, most industries have
secondary product indexes that show changes in prices received by establishments for
products chiefly made in some other industry. Some industries have miscellaneous receipts
indexes that track price changes for other sources of revenue received by establishments
within the industry that are not derived from sales of their products; for example,
resales of purchased materials, or revenues from parking lots owned by a manufacturing
plant.


Data Collection

   PPIs are constructed using selling prices reported by establishments of all sizes,
selected by probability sampling, with the probability of selection proportionate to
size. Individual items and transaction terms also are chosen by probability proportionate
to size. BLS strongly encourages cooperating companies to supply actual transaction
prices at the time of shipment to minimize the use of list prices. Prices submitted
by survey respondents are effective on the Tuesday of the week containing the 13th day
of the month. The survey is conducted online via the BLS Internet Data Collection
Facility (IDCF).) Data provided by survey respondents are supplemented with data from
other sources for some areas.

   Price data are provided by survey respondents on a voluntary and confidential basis;
only sworn BLS employees are allowed access to individual company price reports.  BLS
publishes price indexes, not actual prices.  All PPIs are subject to monthly revisions
up to 4 months after original publication to reflect the availability of late reports and
corrections by respondents.

   BLS periodically updates the PPI sample of survey respondents to better reflect
current conditions when the structure, membership, technology, or product mix of an
industry shifts significantly and to spread reporting burden among smaller firms.
Information on these resampling efforts are noted in the PPI News Release and PPI
Detailed Report in the months they occur.

   As part of an ongoing effort to expand coverage to sectors of the economy other than
mining and manufacturing, an increasing number of service and construction sector
industries have been introduced into the PPI.  The following is a list of service and
construction sector industries introduced into the Producer Price Index, organized by
SIC or NAICS code at their date of introduction, and the PPI Detailed Report issue
that announced their introduction.
                                                                      PPI
                                                                      Detailed
                                                                      Report
              Title                                           Code    Issue

                                                              SIC
Wireless telecommunications...................................4812    July 1999
Telephone communications, except radio telephone..............4813    July 1995
Television broadcasting.......................................4833    July 2002
Grocery stores................................................5411    July 2000
Meat and fish (seafood) markets...............................5421    July 2000
Fruit and vegetable markets...................................5431    July 2000
Candy, nut, and confectionery stores..........................5441    July 2000
Retail bakeries...............................................5461    July 2000
Miscellaneous food stores.....................................5499    July 2000
New car dealers...............................................5511    July 2000
Gasoline service stations.....................................5541    January 2002
Boat dealers..................................................5551    January 2002
Recreational vehicle dealers..................................5561    January 2002
Miscellaneous retail..........................................59      January 2001
Security brokers, dealers, and investment bankers.............6211    January 2001
Investment advice.............................................6282    January 2003
Life insurance carriers.......................................6311    January 1999
Property and casualty insurance...............................6331    July 1998
Insurance agencies and brokerages.............................6412    January 2003
Operators and lessors of nonresidential buildings.............6512    January 1996
Real estate agents and managers...............................6531    January 1996
Prepackaged software..........................................7372    January 1998
Data processing services......................................7374    January 2002
Home health care services.....................................8082    January 1997
Legal services................................................8111    January 1997
Engineering design, analysis, and consulting services.........8711    January 1997
Architectural design, analysis, and consulting services.......8712    January 1997
Premiums for property and casualty insurance..................9331    July 1998

                                                              NAICS
New industrial building construction..........................236211  January 2008
New warehouse building construction...........................236221  July 2005
New school construction.......................................236222  July 2006
New office construction.......................................236223  January 2007
New health care building construction.........................236224  January 2013
Concrete contractors, nonresidential building work............23811X  July 2008
Roofing contractors, nonresidential building work.............23816X  July 2008
Electrical contractors, nonresidential building work..........23821X  July 2008
Plumbing / HVAC contractors, nonresidential building work.....23822X  July 2008
Merchant wholesalers, durable goods...........................423     July 2005
Merchant wholesalers, nondurable goods........................424     July 2005
Furniture and home furnishings stores.........................442     January 2004
Electronics and appliance stores..............................443     January 2004
Building material and garden equipment and supplies dealers...444     January 2004
Clothing and clothing accessories stores......................448     January 2004
Sporting goods, hobby, book, and music stores.................451     January 2004
General merchandise stores....................................452     January 2004
Miscellaneous store retailers.................................453     January 2004
Pipeline transportation of natural gas........................486210  June 2022
Internet service providers....................................518111  July 2005
Internet publishing and web search portals....................519130  January 2010
Commercial banking............................................522110  January 2005
Savings institutions..........................................522120  January 2005
Direct health and medical insurance carriers..................524114  July 2004
Construction, mining, and forestry machinery and equipment
rental and leasing............................................532412  January 2005
Management consulting services................................541610  January 2007
Security guards and patrol services...........................561612  July 2005
Offices of dentists...........................................621210  January 2011
Blood and organ banks.........................................621991  January 2007
Amusement and theme parks.....................................713110  July 2006
Golf courses and country clubs................................713910  July 2006
Fitness and recreational sports centers.......................713940  July 2005
Commercial machinery repair and maintenance...................811310  July 2007


Weights

   Weights for most commodity groupings of the PPI, as well as, weights for commodity-
based aggregate indexes calculated from commodity groupings, such as FD-ID indexes,
currently reflect 2017 values of shipments as reported in the Census of Manufactures
and other sources. From January 2018 to December 2022, PPI weights were derived from
2012 shipment values. Industry indexes now are calculated under the 2022 NAICS structure
utilizing 2017 value of shipment weights and 2012 net output ratios. The periodic update
of the value weights used to calculate the PPI is done to more accurately reflect changes
in production and marketing patterns in the economy.

   Net output values of shipments are used as weights for industry indexes. Net output
values refer to the value of shipments from establishments within the industry to buyers
outside the industry. However, weights for commodity indexes are based on gross shipment
values, including values of shipments between establishments within the same industry. As
a result, broad commodity grouping indexes, such as the PPI for All Commodities (which is
composed of major commodity groupings 01 through 15), are affected by the multiple
counting of price change at successive stages of processing, which can lead to
exaggerated or misleading signals about inflation. The intermediate demand by commodity
type FD-ID indexes partially correct for this defect, but industry indexes, final demand
FD-ID indexes, and intermediate demand by production flow FD-ID indexes consistently
correct for this at all levels of aggregation.  Therefore, industry and FD-ID indexes are
more appropriate than broad commodity groupings for analysis of general price trends.


Price Index Reference Base

   Effective with publication of January 1988 data, many important PPI series (including
most commodity groups and individual items) were placed on a new reference base, 1982 =
100.  From 1971 through 1987, the standard reference base for most PPI series was 1967 =
100.  Except for rounding differences, the shift to the new reference base did not alter
any previously published percent changes for affected PPI series. (See "Calculating Index
Changes," below.)  The 1982 reference base is not used for commodity indexes with a base
later than December 1981 or for industry net output indexes and their products.  The FD-
ID indexes typically have a reference base of November 2009 = 100.

   For further information on the underlying concepts and methodology of the Producer
Price Index, see chapter 14, "Producer Prices," in the BLS Handbook of Methods.  This
chapter can be downloaded from the BLS Web site at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch14.htm.


Calculating Index Changes

   Each PPI measures price changes from a reference period that equals 100.0.  An
increase of 5.5 percent from the reference period in the Final Demand Goods Price Index,
for example, is shown as 105.5.  This change also can be expressed in dollars, as
follows:  prices received by domestic producers of a sample of final demand goods have
risen from $100 in November 2009 to $105.50.  Likewise, a current index of 90.0 would
indicate that prices received by producers of final demand goods are 10 percent lower
than they were in November 2009.

   Movements of price indexes from one month to another are usually expressed as percent
changes, rather than as changes in index points.  Index point changes are affected by the
level of the index in relation to its base period, whereas percent changes are not.  The
following example shows the computation of index point and percent changes.

   Index point change
      Final Demand Goods Price Index     107.5
      Less previous index                104.0
      Equals index point change            3.5

   Index percent change
      Index point change                   3.5
      Divided by the previous index      104.0
      Equals                             0.034
      Result multiplied by 100           0.034 x 100
      Equals percent change                3.4


Seasonally Adjusted and Unadjusted Data

   Because price data are used for different purposes by different groups, BLS publishes
seasonally adjusted and unadjusted changes each month.  Seasonally adjusted data are
preferred for analyzing general price trends in the economy because these data eliminate
the effect of changes that normally occur at about the same time, and in about the same
magnitude, every year-such as price movements resulting from normal weather patterns,
regular production and marketing cycles, model changeovers, seasonal discounts, and
holidays.  For these reasons, seasonally adjusted data more clearly reveal underlying
trends.  Unadjusted data are of primary interest to users who need information that can
be related to actual dollar values of transactions.  Individuals requiring this
information include marketing specialists, purchasing agents, budget and cost analysts,
contract specialists, and commodity traders.  It is the unadjusted data that are
generally cited when escalating long-term contracts such as purchasing agreements or real
estate leases.  For more information, see Price Adjustment Guide for Contracting Parties,
on the Web at www.bls.gov/ppi/publications/price-adjustment-guide-for-contracting-
parties.htm.

   Seasonal adjustment is accomplished using X-13 ARIMA, a software package published by
the U.S. Census Bureau.  Each year, the seasonal status of most commodity indexes is
reevaluated to reflect more recent price behavior. Industry net output indexes are not
seasonally adjusted.  For time series that exhibit seasonal pricing patterns, new
seasonal factors are estimated and applied to the unadjusted data from the prior 5 years.
Updated seasonally adjusted indexes replace the most recent 5 years of seasonal data.

   Seasonal factors may be applied to series using either a direct or an aggregative
method. Generally, commodity indexes are seasonally adjusted using direct seasonal
adjustment, which produces a more complete elimination of seasonal movements than does
the aggregative method.  However, the direct seasonal adjustment process may not yield
figures that possess additive consistency.  Thus, a seasonally adjusted index for a broad
category that is directly adjusted may not be logically consistent with all seasonally
adjusted indexes for its components.  Seasonal movements for FD-ID indexes are derived
indirectly through an aggregative method that combines movements of a wide variety of
subproduct class (six-digit) series.

   Seasonally adjusted indexes can become problematic when previously stable and
predictable price patterns abruptly change.  If the new pattern persists, the seasonal
adjustment method will eventually reflect it; if the pattern keeps shifting, however,
seasonally adjusted data will become chronically troublesome.  This problem occurs
relatively infrequently for farm and food-related products, but has more often affected
manufactured products such as automobiles and steel.

Since January 1988, the PPI has used Intervention Analysis Seasonal Adjustment methods
to enhance the calculation of seasonal factors.  With this technique, outlier values that
may distort the seasonal pattern are removed from the data prior to applying the standard
seasonal factor estimation procedure.  For example, a possible economic cause for large
price movements for petroleum-based products might have been the COVID-19 pandemic. In
this case, intervention techniques allowed for better estimates of seasonally adjusted
data. On the whole, very few series have required intervention.  Out of over 400 seasonally
adjusted commodity series, 69 were subject to intervention in 2023.

   For more information relating to seasonal adjustment methods, see “PPI and CPI Seasonal
Adjustment: an Update” in the July 2010 Monthly Labor Review, and “PPI and CPI Seasonal
Adjustment During the COVID-19 Pandemic” in the May 2022 Monthly Labor Review.


Producer Price Index Data on the Internet

   In 1995, the BLS began posting PPI series, news releases, and technical information to
the internet. There were more than 13 million instances of PPI data being downloaded from
the BLS website during 2022.


Retrieving PPI data from the PPI Web site

   PPI data can be obtained online (www.bls.gov/ppi). On this page, under the tab labeled
"Featured PPI databases" links provide the following methods of data retrieval:

   Top Picks is a form-based application for both Industry Data and Commodity Data that
allows the user to quickly obtain PPI time series data by selecting the high-level
aggregate and other commonly requested time series, including the All Commodities Index
and the FD-ID indexes (for example, Final Demand).  Within each list, any one-or all-of
the time series shown can be selected.  A user can modify the date range and output
options after executing the query, using the reformat button above the data output table.

   One-Screen Data Search and Multi-Screen Data Search are form-based query applications
for both Industry Data and Commodity Data designed for users unfamiliar with the PPI
coding structure.  These applications guide a user through the PPI classification by
listing index titles and do not require knowledge of commodity or industry codes.  Data
retrieved are based on a query formulated by selecting data characteristics from lists
provided.  Two options are available to create customized tables, depending on a user's
browser capability.  The one-screen option is a JavaScript application that uses a single
screen to guide a user through the available time series data.  The second option is a
multiple-screen, non-Java-based application.  Both methods allow a user to browse the PPI
coding structure and select multiple series.  Users can modify the date range and output
options after executing the query using the reformat button above the data output table.

   Series Report is a form-based application that allows users to input multiple,
formatted PPI time series identifiers (commodity or industry codes) as inputs in
extracting data according to a specified set of date ranges and output options.  This
application provides the most efficient path for users who are familiar with the format
of PPI time series identifiers.  There are five alphabetic prefixes used to create unique
PPI time series identifiers:  WP, WD, PC, PD, and ND.  Each provides the user access to a
different PPI database.  Adding either a "u" (not seasonally adjusted) or an "s"
(seasonally adjusted) to the end of these prefixes further specifies the type of data
needed. Examples are provided below.

   For commodity and FD-ID indexes, series identifiers combine a "wpu" prefix (not
seasonally adjusted) or a "wps" prefix (seasonally adjusted) with a commodity code.

Commodity code   Provides data for:
wps141101        Passenger cars, seasonally adjusted
wpu141101        Passenger cars, not seasonally adjusted
wpufd4           Final demand, not seasonally adjusted
wpsid63          Services for intermediate demand, seasonally adjusted

   For discontinued commodity indexes, series identifiers combine a "wdu" prefix (not
seasonally adjusted) or a "wds" prefix (seasonally adjusted) with a commodity code.

Commodity code   Provides data for:
wds019           Other farm products, seasonally adjusted
wdu0635          Preparations, ethical (prescription), not seasonally adjusted
wdusi138011      Stainless steel mill products, not seasonally adjusted

   Current price indexes grouped by industry according to NAICS have series identifiers
that begin with the prefix "pcu." After the prefix, there are 12 digits (the 6-digit
industry code is listed twice) followed by up to 7 alphanumeric characters identifying
product detail.  Dashes are used as placeholders for higher-level industry group codes.

Industry-product code,
current NAICS series        Provides data for:
pcu325---325---             Chemical manufacturing
pcu336110336110             Automobile and light duty motor vehicle manufacturing
pcu621111621111411          Offices of physicians, one- and two-physician practices and
                            single-specialty group practices, general/family practice

   Discontinued industry-product codes based on SIC combine a "pdu" prefix and "#"
between the fourth and fifth characters of the product code.  Series identifiers for the
discontinued dataset use underscores as placeholders to complete a reference to an SIC
industry group code of fewer than four digits.  (All PPI industry-based indexes organized
by SIC were discontinued with the introduction of NAICS in 2004.)

Industry-product code,
discontinued SIC series     Provides data for:
pdu28_ _#                   Chemicals and allied products
pdu331_#                    Blast furnaces, steel works, and rolling and finishing mills
pdu3711#111                 Passenger cars

   Price indexes for discontinued series grouped by industry according to NAICS have
identifiers that begin with the prefix "ndu." After the prefix, there are 12 numeric
digits (the 6-digit industry code is listed twice), and up to 7 additional alphanumeric
characters that identify product detail.  Dashes are used as placeholders for higher-
level group codes.

Industry-product code,
discontinued NAICS series   Provides data for
ndu212231212231             Lead and zinc ore mining
ndu2122312122312            Lead, zinc concentrates
ndu212231212231214          Lead  concentrates

   Text Files are best suited for users requiring access to either a large volume of time
series data or other PPI-related documentation, such as seasonal factor tables and
relative importance tables. The text files can be accessed at download.bls.gov/ or
directly from links on the "PPI Databases" page or the PPI homepage. Data and
documentation available for download include the following:

                                       Directory:
Industry Data                          /pub/time.series/pc
Industry Data - Discontinued
                  (NAICS basis)        /pub/time.series/nd
                  (SIC basis)          /pub/time.series/pd
Commodity Data (incl. FD-ID)           /pub/time.series/wp
Commodity Data - Discontinued          /pub/time.series/wd
Special requests                       /pub/special.requests/ppi


Additional information

   The PPI homepage (www.bls.gov/ppi) contains additional information regarding PPI
data and methodology. The "PPI Publications" section of the homepage provides PPI news
releases, both current and archived, as well as general PPI information.  The “PPI Tables”
section provides relative importance and seasonal factor tables.  The remaining sections
offer special notices and publications pertaining to PPI methodology and applications.

   For questions or comments regarding PPI data classification, methodology, or data
availability on the Internet, call or e-mail the Section of Index Analysis and Public
Information at (202) 691-7705 or ppi-info@bls.gov. If you are deaf, hard of hearing, or
have a speech disability, please dial 7-1-1 to access telecommunications relay services.



Table 1. Producer price index percentage changes and weights for Final Demand-Intermediate Demand groupings, seasonally adjusted [August 2023]
Grouping Commodity code Relative
Importance
Dec.
2022(1)
Unadjusted
12-month
percent
change(2)
Seasonally adjusted 1-month percent change(2)
Group
code
Item
code
Aug. 2022
to
Aug. 2023(p)
Mar. to
Apr.
Apr. to
May(p)
May to
June(p)
June to
July(p)
July to
Aug.(p)

Final Demand

Final demand

FD

4

100.000 1.6 0.2 -0.3 -0.1 0.4 0.7

Final demand goods

FD

41

30.653 0.5 0.1 -1.5 0.0 0.3 2.0

Final demand foods

FD

411

5.940 -0.7 -0.4 -1.0 -0.2 0.4 -0.5

Finished consumer foods(3)

FD

4111

4.511 0.6 -0.5 -1.0 0.2 0.1 -0.3

Finished consumer foods, crude

FD

41113

0.606 -12.8 2.1 -16.3 2.1 -1.8 -5.7

Finished consumer foods, processed

FD

41112

3.905 1.4 -0.8 0.7 0.0 0.3 0.2

Government purchased foods

FD

4112

0.406 0.4 -1.0 0.3 -0.3 1.5 0.0

Foods for export

FD

4113

1.023 -7.1 0.2 -1.8 -1.8 1.5 -1.6

Final demand energy

FD

412

5.853 -2.8 0.7 -6.9 0.7 0.8 10.5

Finished consumer energy goods(3)

FD

4121

4.451 0.1 2.3 -6.7 1.2 0.8 9.1

Government purchased energy

FD

4122

0.942 -9.8 -4.5 -8.0 -0.6 0.2 16.1

Energy for export

FD

4123

0.460 -17.4 -5.7 -7.7 -1.6 2.0 15.0

Final demand goods less foods and energy

FD

413

18.859 1.8 0.1 0.1 -0.2 0.0 0.1

Finished goods less foods and energy(3)

FD

4131

10.768 3.6 0.1 0.3 0.0 0.2 0.2

Finished consumer goods less foods and energy

FD

41311

5.731 3.4 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.2 0.3

Nondurable consumer goods less foods and energy

FD

413111

3.441 4.3 0.1 0.4 0.0 0.3 0.3

Durable consumer goods

FD

413112

2.290 2.1 -0.1 0.1 -0.1 0.1 0.2

Private capital equipment

FD

41312

5.037 3.8 0.1 0.4 0.1 0.3 0.1

Private capital equipment for manufacturing industries

FD

413121

1.222 4.7 0.1 0.6 0.2 0.2 0.2

Private capital equipment for nonmanufacturing industries

FD

413122

3.815 3.6 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.3 0.1

Government purchased goods, excluding foods and energy

FD

4132

1.967 0.5 0.0 -0.1 -0.2 0.0 0.1

Government purchased goods excluding foods, energy, and capital equipment

FD

41321

1.160 -0.6 0.0 -0.2 -0.4 -0.2 0.0

Government purchased capital equipment

FD

41322

0.807 2.1 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.4 0.2

Goods for export, excluding foods and energy

FD

4133

6.124 -0.8 0.4 -0.2 -0.6 -0.3 0.0

Final demand services

FD

42

66.677 2.2 0.2 0.2 -0.1 0.5 0.2

Final demand trade services(4)

FD

423

19.700 -0.7 0.4 0.7 -1.1 0.5 -0.3

Trade of finished goods(3)

FD

4231

17.049 -1.0 0.3 0.8 -0.9 0.3 -0.3

Trade of personal consumption goods

FD

42311

13.855 -0.7 0.3 0.8 -0.4 0.1 -0.4

Trade of private capital equipment

FD

42312

3.194 -2.8 0.1 0.4 -3.4 1.0 0.1

Trade of government purchased goods

FD

4232

0.750 1.8 1.4 0.3 -2.0 2.1 -0.2

Trade of government purchased goods, excluding capital equipment

FD

42321

0.457 3.5 1.9 0.0 -0.4 2.5 -0.5

Trade of government purchased capital equipment

FD

42322

0.293 -1.0 0.5 0.8 -4.5 1.4 0.2

Trade of exports

FD

4233

1.901 1.1 0.8 0.1 -2.5 2.1 -0.4

Final demand transportation and warehousing services

FD

422

5.213 -4.1 -2.5 -0.5 0.0 0.2 1.4

Transportation of passengers for final demand

FD

4221

1.275 4.0 -3.1 -1.0 2.0 1.6 1.3

Transportation of private passengers

FD

42211

0.860 3.9 -3.1 -1.0 2.0 1.6 1.3

Transportation of government passengers

FD

42212

0.103 3.9 -3.1 -1.0 2.0 1.6 1.2

Transportation of passengers for export

FD

42213

0.312 4.0 -3.1 -1.0 2.0 1.6 1.3

Transportation and warehousing of goods for final demand

FD

4222

3.938 -6.7 -2.2 -0.3 -0.7 -0.4 1.4

Transportation and warehousing of finished goods(3)

FD

42221

2.567 -7.4 -2.4 -0.4 -0.7 -0.4 1.4

Transportation and warehousing of personal consumption goods

FD

422211

2.063 -7.1 -2.4 -0.4 -0.7 -0.4 1.4

Transportation and warehousing of private capital equipment

FD

422212

0.504 -8.5 -2.6 -0.4 -0.7 -0.7 1.5

Transportation and warehousing of government purchased goods

FD

42222

0.233 -5.0 -2.0 -0.5 -0.7 0.1 1.0

Transportation and warehousing of exports

FD

42223

1.138 -5.4 -1.9 -0.3 -0.6 -0.3 1.5

Final demand services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

FD

421

41.763 4.4 0.5 0.0 0.3 0.6 0.3

Finished services less trade, transportation, and warehousing(3)

FD

4211

36.505 4.1 0.5 0.0 0.3 0.6 0.3

Finished consumer services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

FD

42111

32.158 4.1 0.5 -0.1 0.3 0.6 0.2

Private capital investment services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

FD

42112

4.347 4.0 0.1 0.5 0.4 0.2 0.9

Government purchased services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

FD

4212

2.674 4.4 0.6 0.1 0.4 0.6 0.6

Gov. purchased services less trade, transportation, and warehousing, excl. capital investment

FD

42121

2.515 4.5 0.7 0.0 0.4 0.6 0.5

Government purchased capital investment services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

FD

42122

0.159 3.0 -0.4 0.5 0.4 0.1 0.9

Services for export less trade, transportation, and warehousing

FD

4213

2.584 9.0 0.8 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6

Final demand construction

FD

43

2.670 3.9 -0.2 0.1 0.0 -1.2 0.2

Construction for private capital investment

FD

431

1.856 3.9 -0.1 0.1 0.1 -1.3 0.2

Construction for government

FD

432

0.814 3.9 -0.2 0.1 0.0 -1.0 0.1

Special Groupings of Final Demand

Final demand less exports

FD

49101

86.458 1.9 0.2 -0.3 0.0 0.4 0.8

Final demand less government

FD

49102

92.111 1.7 0.2 -0.3 -0.1 0.4 0.6

Final demand less foods, food and nonalcoholic beverages for immediate consumption, and energy(5)

FD

49103

87.791 2.1 0.2 0.1 -0.2 0.4 0.1

Final demand less foods and energy(5)

FD

49104

88.207 2.2 0.2 0.2 -0.1 0.4 0.2

Final demand less foods and food and nonalcoholic beverages for immediate consumption(5)

FD

49105

93.644 1.6 0.2 -0.3 -0.1 0.4 0.8

Final demand less foods(5)

FD

49106

94.060 1.8 0.2 -0.3 -0.1 0.4 0.8

Final demand less energy

FD

49107

94.147 2.0 0.2 0.1 -0.1 0.4 0.1

Final demand less trade services

FD

49108

80.300 2.2 0.2 -0.6 0.2 0.4 1.0

Final demand less distributive services(6)

FD

49109

76.362 2.6 0.3 -0.6 0.2 0.4 1.0

Final demand goods less energy

FD

49111

24.799 1.2 0.0 -0.1 -0.2 0.1 0.0

Final demand goods less foods

FD

49112

24.712 0.8 0.3 -1.6 0.0 0.2 2.5

Final demand services less trade services

FD

49113

46.976 3.5 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.5 0.4

Final demand distributive services(6)

FD

49114

23.638 -1.7 0.0 0.5 -1.0 0.4 -0.1

Final demand goods plus final demand distributive services(6)

FD

49115

54.290 -0.5 0.1 -0.6 -0.5 0.3 1.1

Final demand less foods, energy, and trade services(5)

FD

49116

68.507 3.0 0.2 0.0 0.2 0.3 0.3

Private and government purchased capital equipment

FD

49117

5.844 3.6 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.3 0.2

Private and government purchased capital investment services

FD

49118

8.497 0.7 0.0 0.4 -1.2 0.5 0.6

Total private and government purchased capital investment

FD

49119

14.341 2.1 0.0 0.3 -0.6 0.2 0.4

Total finished(3)

FD

49201

78.567 2.0 0.3 -0.3 0.0 0.4 0.7

Total finished less foods, food and nonalcoholic beverages for immediate consumption, and energy(3)(5)

FD

49202

69.193 2.3 0.2 0.2 0.0 0.4 0.2

Total finished less foods and energy(3)(5)

FD

49203

69.605 2.3 0.2 0.2 0.0 0.4 0.2

Total finished less foods and food and nonalcoholic beverages for immediate consumption(3)(5)

FD

49204

73.644 2.1 0.3 -0.2 0.0 0.4 0.7

Total finished less foods(3)(5)

FD

49205

74.056 2.1 0.3 -0.2 0.0 0.4 0.7

Total finished less energy(3)

FD

49206

74.116 2.2 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.4 0.1

Finished goods(3)

FD

49207

19.730 2.2 0.5 -1.6 0.3 0.3 2.1

Finished goods less energy(3)

FD

49208

15.279 2.7 -0.1 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.1

Finished goods, excluding foods(3)(5)

FD

49209

15.219 2.7 0.7 -1.8 0.4 0.4 2.8

Finished services(3)

FD

49210

56.981 2.0 0.2 0.2 -0.1 0.5 0.2

Private capital investment services

FD

49211

8.045 0.6 -0.1 0.4 -1.1 0.5 0.6

Finished distributive services(3)(6)

FD

49212

19.616 -1.9 -0.1 0.6 -0.9 0.2 -0.1

Finished services less trade services(3)

FD

49213

39.932 3.4 0.2 -0.1 0.3 0.5 0.4

Finished services less distributive services(3)(6)

FD

49214

37.365 4.1 0.4 -0.1 0.4 0.6 0.3

Total private capital investment (goods, services, and construction)

FD

49215

14.938 2.1 0.0 0.4 -0.6 0.2 0.4

Finished goods plus finished distributive services(3)(6)

FD

49216

39.346 0.1 0.2 -0.5 -0.3 0.3 1.0

Total exports

FD

49301

13.542 -0.1 0.0 -0.4 -0.7 0.5 0.5

Goods for export

FD

49302

7.607 -2.7 0.0 -0.8 -0.8 0.0 0.6

Services for export

FD

49303

5.935 3.4 0.1 0.2 -0.6 1.0 0.5

Total government purchases

FD

49401

7.889 0.7 -0.4 -0.9 -0.2 0.4 1.9

Government purchased goods

FD

49402

3.315 -2.4 -1.4 -2.2 -0.3 0.2 4.2

Government purchased services

FD

49403

3.760 3.3 0.5 0.0 -0.1 0.9 0.4

Total government purchased capital investment (goods, services, construction)

FD

49404

2.073 2.4 0.0 0.2 -0.5 -0.1 0.2

Government purchases, defense

FD

49405

2.344 0.0 -1.1 -1.0 -0.1 0.8 2.4

Government purchases, non-defense

FD

49406

5.545 0.8 0.0 -0.8 -0.2 0.3 1.7

Personal consumption

FD

49501

63.629 2.0 0.4 -0.4 0.2 0.4 0.7

Personal consumption goods (finished consumer goods)

FD

49502

14.693 1.6 0.6 -2.3 0.4 0.4 2.8

Personal consumption goods less energy

FD

49503

10.242 2.1 -0.2 -0.3 0.1 0.2 0.0

Personal consumption goods less foods

FD

49504

10.182 2.1 1.0 -2.9 0.5 0.5 4.1

Personal consumption nondurable goods less foods

FD

49508

7.892 2.2 1.4 -3.7 0.7 0.6 5.2

Personal consumption services

FD

49505

48.936 2.3 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.5 0.1

Personal consumption less trade services

FD

49506

49.774 2.8 0.4 -0.8 0.3 0.5 1.0

Personal consumption less distributive services(6)

FD

49507

47.711 3.2 0.5 -0.8 0.4 0.5 1.0

Personal consumption less foods and energy

FD

49510

54.667 2.4 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.4 0.1

Personal consumption less foods, energy, and trade services(4)

FD

49511

40.812 3.5 0.2 -0.1 0.2 0.5 0.3

Personal consumption less foods, energy, and distributive services(6)

FD

49512

38.749 4.0 0.4 -0.1 0.3 0.6 0.2

Personal consumption goods plus personal consumption distributive services(6)

FD

49509

30.611 0.0 0.3 -0.8 0.0 0.2 1.3

Intermediate Demand by Commodity Type

Processed goods

Processed goods for intermediate demand

ID6

1

100.000 -4.3 -0.5 -1.5 -0.5 -0.3 2.1

Materials and components for manufacturing

ID6

11

42.908 -5.2 0.3 -0.2 -0.7 -0.9 -0.3

Materials for manufacturing

ID6

111

26.996 -9.0 0.3 -0.2 -1.1 -1.4 -0.4

Materials for food manufacturing

ID6

1111

4.432 -5.1 -1.1 -2.0 -1.6 0.7 0.8

Materials for nondurable manufacturing

ID6

1112

12.302 -11.3 -0.2 -1.5 -1.6 -1.8 -0.7

Materials for durable manufacturing

ID6

1113

10.262 -7.7 1.3 1.9 -0.3 -1.9 -0.5

Components for manufacturing

ID6

112

15.912 2.0 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0

Components for nondurable manufacturing

ID6

1121

0.793 -2.4 0.4 -0.2 -0.5 -0.5 -0.3

Components for durable manufacturing

ID6

1122

15.119 2.2 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0

Materials and components for construction

ID6

12

10.348 -0.4 0.1 0.0 -0.1 0.3 0.0

Materials for construction

ID6

121

4.574 -1.4 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.4 -0.1

Components for construction

ID6

122

5.774 0.3 0.0 -0.2 -0.2 0.1 0.0

Processed fuels and lubricants for intermediate demand

ID6

13

19.830 -8.5 -2.9 -7.0 -0.6 -0.3 12.1

Processed fuels and lubricants to manufacturing industries

ID6

131

5.016 -11.1 -4.8 -4.5 0.0 -1.0 6.7

Processed fuels and lubricants to nonmanufacturing industries

ID6

132

14.814 -7.7 -2.3 -7.8 -0.8 0.0 13.9

Containers for intermediate demand

ID6

14

3.107 -2.0 -0.2 0.3 -0.5 -0.2 -0.7

Supplies for intermediate demand

ID6

15

23.807 -0.8 -0.2 -0.4 -0.3 0.2 0.0

Supplies to manufacturing industries

ID6

151

3.173 -1.3 0.0 -0.1 -0.2 -0.2 -0.3

Supplies to nonmanufacturing industries

ID6

152

20.634 -0.7 -0.3 -0.4 -0.3 0.3 0.1

Supplies to nonmanufacturing industries, feeds

ID6

1521

2.363 -6.3 -1.5 -2.9 -0.9 3.0 0.7

Supplies to nonmanufacturing industries, other than feeds

ID6

1522

18.271 0.0 -0.1 -0.1 -0.2 0.0 0.0

Unprocessed goods

Unprocessed goods for intermediate demand

ID6

2

100.000 -26.9 1.1 -5.3 -1.0 2.4 1.3

Unprocessed foodstuffs and feedstuffs

ID6

21

36.058 -14.5 -1.5 -4.6 1.0 -0.8 -2.3

Unprocessed nonfood materials

ID6

22

63.942 -32.2 2.8 -5.7 -2.3 4.6 3.6

Unprocessed nonfood materials except fuel

ID6

221

45.514 -10.3 6.5 -6.2 -3.0 3.0 5.0

Unprocessed nonfood materials except fuel to manufacturing industries

ID6

2211

43.610 -11.1 6.8 -6.5 -3.2 3.1 5.3

Unprocessed nonfood materials except fuel to nonmanufacturing industries

ID6

2212

1.904 8.5 0.1 0.0 0.8 0.2 0.7

Unprocessed fuel

ID6

222

18.428 -69.6 -15.3 -2.3 1.7 13.7 -3.9

Unprocessed fuel to manufacturing industries

ID6

2221

0.982 -32.7 -1.9 -2.8 1.0 5.4 -0.1

Unprocessed fuel to nonmanufacturing industries

ID6

2222

17.446 -71.4 -16.6 -2.3 1.8 14.7 -4.3

Services

Services for intermediate demand

ID6

3

100.000 4.2 0.7 0.1 0.0 0.5 0.1

Trade services for intermediate demand(4)

ID6

33

18.127 1.4 0.8 -0.4 -0.8 1.4 -0.3

Trade services for manufacturing industries

ID6

331

8.929 1.6 0.7 -0.8 -1.6 1.1 -0.5

Trade services for nonmanufacturing industries

ID6

332

9.198 1.3 1.0 0.0 -0.1 1.7 0.0

Transportation and warehousing services for intermediate demand

ID6

32

14.516 -2.7 -1.1 -0.4 0.0 0.6 -0.2

Transportation of passengers for intermediate demand

ID6

321

1.069 3.9 -3.1 -1.0 2.0 1.6 1.2

Transportation of passengers for manufacturing industries

ID6

3211

0.127 4.0 -3.1 -1.0 2.0 1.6 1.3

Transportation of passengers for nonmanufacturing industries

ID6

3212

0.942 3.9 -3.1 -1.0 2.0 1.6 1.2

Transportation and warehousing of goods for intermediate demand

ID6

322

13.447 -3.3 -0.9 -0.4 -0.2 0.6 -0.4

Transportation and warehousing of goods for manufacturing industries

ID6

3221

2.941 -4.7 -1.7 -0.2 -0.8 0.0 1.0

Transportation and warehousing of goods for nonmanufacturing industries

ID6

3222

10.506 -2.9 -0.7 -0.5 0.0 0.7 -0.7

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing for intermediate demand

ID6

31

67.357 6.6 1.0 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.3

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing for manufacturing industries

ID6

311

2.068 4.0 0.5 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.2

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing for nonmanufacturing industries

ID6

312

65.288 6.7 1.0 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.3

Construction

Construction for intermediate demand

ID6

4

100.000 4.6 0.1 1.4 0.1 0.3 0.3

Special Groupings of Intermediate Demand by Commodity Type

Processed materials less foods and feeds

ID6

9111

90.968 -4.3 -0.5 -1.5 -0.4 -0.5 2.3

Processed foods and feeds

ID6

9112

9.032 -4.4 -1.1 -1.9 -1.1 1.3 0.7

Processed energy goods

ID6

9113

19.830 -8.5 -2.9 -7.0 -0.6 -0.3 12.1

Processed materials less energy

ID6

9118

80.170 -3.2 0.1 -0.2 -0.5 -0.4 -0.2

Processed materials less foods and energy

ID6

9115

71.138 -3.0 0.2 0.0 -0.4 -0.6 -0.3

Intermediate distributive services(7)

ID6

9116

31.574 -0.5 0.1 -0.4 -0.6 1.1 -0.3

Processed goods plus intermediate distributive services

ID6

9117

- -3.3 -0.3 -1.2 -0.5 0.1 1.4

Unprocessed materials less agricultural products

ID6

9211

58.389 -32.5 3.0 -5.8 -2.8 6.2 4.0

Unprocessed energy materials(8)

ID6

9212

43.623 -40.6 3.7 -8.0 -2.7 9.9 5.4

Unprocessed materials less energy

ID6

9213

56.377 -12.6 -0.2 -3.7 -0.1 -1.6 -1.1

Unprocessed nonfood materials less energy(9)

ID6

9216

20.319 -9.8 1.8 -2.4 -1.9 -2.9 0.8

Intermediate Demand by Production Flow

Stage 4 Intermediate Demand

Stage 4 intermediate demand

ID5

4

100.000 2.3 0.3 -0.2 -0.1 0.4 0.6

Inputs to stage 4 goods producers

ID5

41

30.237 -0.3 -0.1 -0.1 -0.4 -0.1 0.0

Goods

ID5

411

22.423 -1.6 -0.1 -0.2 -0.1 -0.3 -0.1

Foods

ID5

4111

3.300 -6.7 -0.3 -2.1 -0.4 -1.4 0.5

Energy

ID5

4112

0.220 -11.1 -14.4 -10.4 4.1 -0.3 5.1

Goods excluding foods and energy

ID5

4113

18.903 -0.6 0.1 0.2 -0.1 -0.2 -0.3

Services

ID5

412

7.814 3.4 -0.1 0.3 -1.2 0.6 0.3

Trade services

ID5

4123

5.817 3.8 -0.2 0.4 -1.7 0.7 0.3

Transportation and warehousing services

ID5

4122

0.515 -3.4 -1.5 -0.7 -0.1 0.0 0.9

Transportation of passengers

ID5

41221

0.077 4.0 -3.1 -1.0 2.0 1.6 1.3

Transportation and warehousing of goods

ID5

41222

0.438 -4.7 -1.2 -0.7 -0.5 -0.3 0.9

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

ID5

4121

1.482 3.9 0.7 0.1 0.4 0.2 0.1

Inputs to stage 4 services producers

ID5

42

54.970 4.6 0.5 0.0 0.1 0.7 0.8

Goods

ID5

421

13.984 -0.1 -0.7 -0.7 0.0 0.1 1.2

Foods

ID5

4211

2.360 -4.2 -1.3 -0.6 -0.3 1.2 0.4

Energy

ID5

4212

4.133 -0.7 -1.4 -2.0 0.3 -0.3 4.0

Goods excluding foods and energy

ID5

4213

7.491 1.2 -0.1 -0.1 0.0 0.1 -0.1

Services

ID5

422

40.934 6.4 0.9 0.3 0.1 0.8 0.6

Trade services

ID5

4223

4.078 2.4 0.8 0.0 -1.3 2.0 -0.4

Transportation and warehousing services

ID5

4222

3.742 1.7 -0.8 -1.1 -0.1 1.3 -0.2

Transportation of passengers

ID5

42221

0.490 4.0 -3.1 -1.0 2.0 1.6 1.3

Transportation and warehousing of goods

ID5

42222

3.252 1.4 -0.4 -1.1 -0.4 1.3 -0.4

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

ID5

4221

33.114 7.5 1.1 0.5 0.2 0.6 0.8

Construction

ID5

423

0.052 4.6 0.1 1.4 0.1 0.3 0.3

Inputs to stage 4 construction producers

ID5

43

14.792 -0.4 0.2 -1.0 0.1 0.2 1.2

Goods

ID5

431

10.801 -0.2 0.3 -1.0 0.1 0.1 1.5

Energy

ID5

4312

0.855 -6.8 2.9 -12.0 1.4 -1.1 19.7

Goods excluding foods and energy

ID5

4313

9.946 0.4 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.2 0.0

Services

ID5

432

3.991 -0.8 0.1 -1.0 0.0 0.4 0.3

Trade services

ID5

4323

1.692 -0.9 0.6 -2.4 0.2 0.8 0.1

Transportation and warehousing services

ID5

4322

0.725 -7.8 -2.4 -0.6 -0.6 -0.5 1.4

Transportation of passengers

ID5

43221

0.015 4.0 -3.1 -1.0 2.0 1.6 1.3

Transportation and warehousing of goods

ID5

43222

0.710 -8.1 -2.4 -0.6 -0.7 -0.6 1.4

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

ID5

4321

1.574 3.0 0.7 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.0

Stage 3 Intermediate Demand

Stage 3 intermediate demand

ID5

3

100.000 -4.5 -0.2 -1.4 -0.2 -0.5 0.9

Inputs to stage 3 goods producers

ID5

31

45.352 -9.7 -0.5 -1.8 -0.2 -1.3 -0.4

Goods

ID5

311

35.807 -11.5 -0.6 -1.9 0.0 -1.7 -0.5

Foods

ID5

3111

11.906 -17.3 -2.2 -5.6 1.4 -2.0 -1.3

Energy

ID5

3112

1.292 -24.8 -7.0 -7.1 0.5 -2.4 8.3

Goods excluding foods and energy

ID5

3113

22.609 -7.5 0.6 0.1 -0.7 -1.6 -0.6

Services

ID5

312

9.545 -2.1 0.1 -1.5 -0.9 0.1 -0.2

Trade services

ID5

3123

5.175 -1.3 1.1 -2.6 -1.4 0.2 -1.0

Transportation and warehousing services

ID5

3122

3.002 -6.2 -2.1 -0.3 -0.6 -0.5 1.2

Transportation of passengers

ID5

31221

0.144 4.0 -3.1 -1.0 2.0 1.6 1.3

Transportation and warehousing of goods

ID5

31222

2.858 -6.7 -2.0 -0.2 -0.7 -0.6 1.2

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

ID5

3121

1.368 4.3 0.7 0.4 0.1 0.4 0.2

Inputs to stage 3 services producers

ID5

32

53.518 0.1 0.0 -1.1 -0.2 0.2 1.9

Goods

ID5

321

10.628 -8.1 -3.2 -6.7 -0.8 -0.6 13.5

Foods

ID5

3211

0.090 -2.2 -2.6 0.4 -1.4 0.0 1.1

Energy

ID5

3212

6.619 -12.1 -5.1 -10.7 -1.2 -0.8 23.3

Goods excluding foods and energy

ID5

3213

3.919 -0.4 -0.1 -0.3 -0.2 -0.2 0.0

Services

ID5

322

42.317 2.8 0.8 0.2 0.0 0.3 -0.6

Trade services

ID5

3223

2.614 3.1 2.3 -0.9 0.8 2.2 -0.5

Transportation and warehousing services

ID5

3222

10.018 -3.1 -0.4 -0.4 0.4 0.7 -1.3

Transportation of passengers

ID5

32221

0.021 0.2 -0.3 0.0 -0.1 0.2 0.2

Transportation and warehousing of goods

ID5

32222

9.997 -3.1 -0.4 -0.4 0.4 0.7 -1.3

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

ID5

3221

29.685 4.8 1.1 0.5 -0.2 0.0 -0.4

Construction

ID5

323

0.573 4.6 0.1 1.4 0.1 0.3 0.3

Inputs to stage 3 construction producers

ID5

33

1.131 -2.2 -0.6 -0.3 0.8 1.4 0.7

Goods

ID5

331

0.566 -4.0 -0.2 -0.1 0.0 0.2 -0.4

Goods excluding foods and energy

ID5

3313

0.566 -4.0 -0.2 -0.1 0.0 0.2 -0.4

Services

ID5

332

0.565 -0.3 -1.0 -0.4 1.7 2.6 1.8

Trade services

ID5

3323

0.521 -0.3 -1.1 -0.5 1.9 2.8 2.0

Transportation and warehousing services

ID5

3322

0.015 -1.6 -0.1 0.2 -0.7 -0.3 0.7

Transportation and warehousing of goods

ID5

33222

0.015 -1.6 -0.1 0.2 -0.8 -0.3 0.7

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

ID5

3321

0.029 4.1 0.4 0.4 -0.1 0.5 0.2

Stage 2 Intermediate Demand

Stage 2 intermediate demand

ID5

2

100.000 -10.1 0.9 -1.4 -1.0 1.7 0.7

Inputs to stage 2 goods producers

ID5

21

54.274 -20.5 1.3 -3.1 -2.0 3.6 1.6

Goods

ID5

211

40.812 -26.3 1.5 -4.4 -2.5 4.7 2.4

Foods

ID5

2111

4.355 -9.7 -0.4 -2.5 -3.2 4.4 -1.2

Energy

ID5

2112

21.042 -40.5 3.2 -8.5 -2.9 10.6 5.6

Goods excluding foods and energy

ID5

2113

15.415 -6.7 0.3 -0.7 -1.9 -1.0 -0.1

Services

ID5

212

13.197 2.9 0.9 0.5 -1.0 1.1 -0.5

Trade services

ID5

2123

5.150 0.5 2.2 0.8 -1.8 1.7 -1.2

Transportation and warehousing services

ID5

2122

4.488 1.1 -0.8 0.1 -0.7 1.3 0.1

Transportation of passengers

ID5

21221

0.168 3.8 -3.0 -1.0 1.9 1.6 1.2

Transportation and warehousing of goods

ID5

21222

4.320 1.0 -0.7 0.2 -0.8 1.3 0.0

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

ID5

2121

3.559 9.2 1.0 0.6 -0.1 -0.1 -0.3

Construction

ID5

213

0.265 4.6 0.1 1.4 0.1 0.3 0.3

Inputs to stage 2 services producers

ID5

22

45.725 4.5 0.6 0.4 0.0 -0.2 -0.2

Goods

ID5

221

5.072 -2.4 -0.3 -1.0 -0.3 -0.1 0.7

Foods

ID5

2211

0.055 -17.3 -0.8 -2.9 -1.9 -0.5 -1.4

Energy

ID5

2212

0.357 -13.6 -2.8 -11.9 -1.3 0.5 16.1

Goods excluding foods and energy

ID5

2213

4.660 -1.3 -0.1 -0.2 -0.2 -0.1 -0.3

Services

ID5

222

39.767 5.5 0.7 0.6 0.0 -0.2 -0.4

Trade services

ID5

2223

2.238 -1.5 0.6 3.6 -0.5 -1.1 1.1

Transportation and warehousing services

ID5

2222

2.862 -17.4 -1.8 -0.7 1.5 -0.4 -4.8

Transportation of passengers

ID5

22221

0.390 4.0 -3.1 -1.0 2.0 1.6 1.3

Transportation and warehousing of goods

ID5

22222

2.472 -20.4 -1.5 -0.7 1.5 -0.8 -5.9

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

ID5

2221

34.667 8.2 0.9 0.5 -0.1 -0.1 -0.1

Construction

ID5

223

0.886 4.6 0.1 1.4 0.1 0.3 0.3

Stage 1 Intermediate Demand

Stage 1 intermediate demand

ID5

1

100.000 -1.0 -0.1 -1.0 -0.2 0.1 1.6

Inputs to stage 1 goods producers

ID5

11

33.533 -6.8 -0.4 -1.5 -0.9 -0.4 0.4

Goods

ID5

111

24.780 -9.0 -0.8 -1.5 -0.9 -1.1 0.9

Foods

ID5

1111

3.351 -14.4 -0.8 -3.1 -0.4 -2.6 -0.3

Energy

ID5

1112

3.963 -12.5 -7.3 -7.5 0.0 0.7 6.9

Goods excluding foods and energy

ID5

1113

17.466 -7.2 0.6 0.1 -1.1 -1.2 0.0

Services

ID5

112

8.752 -0.4 0.8 -1.6 -1.0 1.3 -0.9

Trade services

ID5

1123

5.298 -2.2 1.2 -2.6 -1.8 1.6 -1.5

Transportation and warehousing services

ID5

1122

0.599 -0.7 -0.5 1.5 -0.8 0.3 1.1

Transportation of passengers

ID5

11221

0.103 4.0 -3.1 -1.0 2.0 1.6 1.3

Transportation and warehousing of goods

ID5

11222

0.496 -1.6 0.0 2.1 -1.4 0.0 1.1

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

ID5

1121

2.855 3.4 0.5 -0.3 0.4 0.9 -0.3

Construction

ID5

113

0.001 4.6 0.1 1.4 0.1 0.3 0.3

Inputs to stage 1 services producers

ID5

12

53.646 2.9 0.2 -0.6 0.1 0.3 2.1

Goods

ID5

121

16.434 -2.0 -0.7 -2.5 -0.6 -0.5 4.9

Foods

ID5

1211

0.115 -29.9 3.0 -26.6 -12.8 -0.1 0.4

Energy

ID5

1212

5.528 -8.5 -2.6 -7.0 -1.5 -1.7 15.7

Goods excluding foods and energy

ID5

1213

10.791 2.2 0.3 0.0 -0.1 0.0 0.0

Services

ID5

122

37.209 5.6 0.5 0.2 0.4 0.7 0.9

Trade services

ID5

1223

3.617 3.2 0.8 0.1 0.2 1.2 0.0

Transportation and warehousing services

ID5

1222

4.373 1.8 -1.5 -0.4 0.4 1.3 1.0

Transportation of passengers

ID5

12221

1.342 4.0 -3.1 -1.0 2.0 1.6 1.3

Transportation and warehousing of goods

ID5

12222

3.031 0.7 -0.8 -0.2 -0.3 1.2 0.8

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

ID5

1221

29.219 6.5 0.8 0.3 0.4 0.5 1.0

Construction

ID5

123

0.003 4.6 0.1 1.4 0.1 0.3 0.3

Inputs to stage 1 construction producers

ID5

13

12.821 -1.6 -0.6 -1.1 0.0 0.3 2.2

Goods

ID5

131

9.208 -1.2 -0.4 -1.2 -0.3 -0.2 2.5

Energy

ID5

1312

0.934 -16.4 -5.6 -12.9 -3.3 -4.2 31.2

Goods excluding foods and energy

ID5

1313

8.274 0.9 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1

Services

ID5

132

3.613 -2.3 -1.0 -0.8 0.9 1.6 1.5

Trade services

ID5

1323

2.667 0.1 -0.6 -0.9 1.4 2.3 1.6

Transportation and warehousing services

ID5

1322

0.854 -9.3 -2.8 -0.3 -0.8 -0.8 1.6

Transportation and warehousing of goods

ID5

13222

0.854 -9.3 -2.8 -0.3 -0.8 -0.8 1.6

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

ID5

1321

0.092 4.5 1.0 -0.1 0.0 0.5 0.0

Special Groupings of Intermediate Demand by Production Flow

Total goods inputs to stage 4 intermediate demand

ID5

9411

47.208 -0.8 -0.2 -0.5 0.0 -0.1 0.6

Total services inputs to stage 4 intermediate demand

ID5

9412

52.739 5.3 0.7 0.2 -0.1 0.8 0.5

Total construction inputs to stage 4 intermediate demand

ID5

9413

0.052 4.6 0.1 1.4 0.1 0.3 0.3

Total foods inputs to stage 4 intermediate demand

ID5

9414

5.660 -5.6 -0.7 -1.5 -0.3 -0.3 0.5

Total energy goods inputs to stage 4 intermediate demand

ID5

9415

5.208 -2.3 -1.2 -4.1 0.6 -0.5 6.6

Total goods less foods and energy inputs to stage 4 intermediate demand

ID5

9416

36.340 0.1 0.1 0.1 -0.1 0.0 -0.2

Total goods inputs to stage 3 intermediate demand

ID5

9311

47.001 -10.7 -1.2 -2.9 -0.2 -1.5 2.5

Total services inputs to stage 3 intermediate demand

ID5

9312

52.427 1.7 0.7 -0.1 -0.2 0.3 -0.5

Total construction inputs to stage 3 intermediate demand

ID5

9313

0.573 4.6 0.1 1.4 0.1 0.3 0.3

Total foods inputs to stage 3 intermediate demand

ID5

9314

11.996 -17.2 -2.2 -5.5 1.4 -2.0 -1.3

Total energy goods inputs to stage 3 intermediate demand

ID5

9315

7.911 -14.5 -5.4 -10.1 -0.9 -1.1 20.8

Total goods less foods and energy inputs to stage 3 intermediate demand

ID5

9316

27.094 -6.5 0.5 0.1 -0.6 -1.4 -0.5

Total goods inputs to stage 2 intermediate demand

ID5

9211

45.884 -24.0 1.2 -4.0 -2.2 4.0 2.2

Total services inputs to stage 2 intermediate demand

ID5

9212

52.964 4.9 0.7 0.6 -0.2 0.1 -0.4

Total construction inputs to stage 2 intermediate demand

ID5

9213

1.151 4.6 0.1 1.4 0.1 0.3 0.3

Total foods inputs to stage 2 intermediate demand

ID5

9214

4.410 -9.8 -0.4 -2.5 -3.2 4.4 -1.2

Total energy goods inputs to stage 2 intermediate demand

ID5

9215

21.399 -40.1 3.0 -8.6 -2.8 10.4 5.8

Total goods less foods and energy inputs to stage 2 intermediate demand

ID5

9216

20.075 -5.5 0.2 -0.6 -1.5 -0.8 -0.1

Total goods inputs to stage 1 intermediate demand

ID5

9111

50.422 -5.3 -0.7 -1.7 -0.7 -0.8 2.5

Total services inputs to stage 1 intermediate demand

ID5

9112

49.574 3.7 0.5 -0.2 0.2 0.8 0.6

Total construction inputs to stage 1 intermediate demand

ID5

9117

0.004 4.6 0.1 1.4 0.1 0.3 0.3

Total foods inputs to stage 1 intermediate demand

ID5

9114

3.466 -14.9 -0.7 -3.9 -0.7 -2.5 -0.3

Total energy goods inputs to stage 1 intermediate demand

ID5

9115

10.425 -10.9 -4.6 -7.7 -1.1 -1.0 13.6

Total goods less foods and energy inputs to stage 1 intermediate demand

ID5

9116

36.531 -2.6 0.4 0.1 -0.5 -0.5 0.0

Footnotes
(1) Comprehensive relative importance figures are initially computed after the publication of December indexes and are recalculated after final December indexes are available. Individual items and subtotals may not add exactly to totals because of rounding differences.
(2) All indexes are subject to revision for 4 months after their originally scheduled publication to incorporate late reports and corrections by survey respondents. In addition, seasonally adjusted indexes are subject to change for up to 5 years due to the recalculation of seasonal factors published each January.
(3) PPI defines Total finished as including only the personal consumption and private capital investment portions of final demand.
(4) Trade indexes measure changes in margins received by wholesalers and retailers.
(5) The PPI definition of foods does not include food and beverages for immediate consumption. PPI defines food and beverages for immediate consumption as the service of preparing meals, snacks, and beverages to customer order for immediate on-premises and off-premises consumption.
(6) Distributive services include transportation, warehousing, and trade of goods.
(7) Includes intermediate trade, transportation, and warehousing services.
(8) Includes crude petroleum.
(9) Excludes crude petroleum.
(p) Preliminary

"-" Data not available.


Table 2. Producer price index percentage changes for selected commodity groupings by Final Demand-Intermediate Demand category, seasonally adjusted [August 2023]
Grouping Commodity code Unadjusted
12-month
percent
change(1)
Seasonally adjusted 1-month percent change(1)
Group
code
Item
code
Aug. 2022
to
Aug. 2023(p)
Mar. to
Apr.
Apr. to
May(p)
May to
June(p)
June to
July(p)
July to
Aug.(p)

Final Demand

Final demand

FD

4

1.6 0.2 -0.3 -0.1 0.4 0.7

Final demand goods

FD

41

0.5 0.1 -1.5 0.0 0.3 2.0

Final demand foods

FD

411

-0.7 -0.4 -1.0 -0.2 0.4 -0.5

Fresh fruits and melons(2)

01

11

-4.0 2.4 -2.5 2.1 -10.2 4.7

Fresh and dry vegetables(2)

01

13

-2.7 35.1 -15.8 -0.8 3.5 -11.5

Grains

01

2

-23.1 2.7 -5.5 1.9 -8.7 -2.8

Eggs for fresh use(2)

01

7107

-36.7 -35.8 -53.4 33.8 0.3 9.8

Oilseeds

01

8301

-11.8 0.5 -1.2 -6.9 9.0 -4.3

Bakery products(2)

02

11

4.9 0.1 0.3 0.4 0.1 0.2

Milled rice(2)

02

13

7.9 -0.3 -0.8 -0.2 -0.3 -1.1

Pasta products(2)

02

1402

1.6 -8.4 0.0 0.0 -2.0 0.0

Beef and veal

02

2101

16.3 -3.1 7.7 2.1 4.1 -4.5

Pork

02

2104

-2.6 -6.5 -4.1 -0.4 8.9 0.8

Processed young chickens

02

2203

-19.9 -0.9 -1.9 -0.1 -1.6 0.4

Processed turkeys(2)

02

2206

-35.6 -6.8 -8.9 -7.4 -3.0 -3.2

Finfish and shellfish

02

23

-2.6 -1.4 1.3 -1.9 0.6 -1.1

Dairy products

02

3

-9.7 -0.2 -1.3 -2.2 -1.5 1.9

Processed fruits and vegetables(2)

02

4

12.2 0.3 1.2 1.0 0.0 0.6

Confectionery end products(2)

02

55

3.9 0.3 0.4 0.7 1.3 0.2

Soft drinks(2)

02

62

8.1 -0.9 3.2 0.7 -2.3 1.1

Roasted coffee(2)

02

6301

13.7 0.3 0.2 -0.1 0.0 7.7

Shortening and cooking oils(2)

02

78

-10.9 -1.4 -2.1 -0.6 3.3 0.5

Frozen specialty food(2)

02

85

6.7 0.2 1.1 0.0 0.0 0.0

Final demand energy

FD

412

-2.8 0.7 -6.9 0.7 0.8 10.5

Liquefied petroleum gas(2)

05

32

-41.1 -3.1 -17.4 -6.1 26.2 6.0

Residential electric power

05

41

4.8 -0.1 0.4 0.9 -0.1 -0.5

Residential natural gas

05

51

-11.4 -4.8 -1.3 -0.7 1.6 -1.1

Gasoline

05

71

1.7 8.1 -13.6 3.1 0.3 20.0

Home heating oil and distillates

05

7302

-15.5 -7.8 -12.3 1.7 15.8 18.1

No. 2 diesel fuel

05

7303

-14.4 -3.6 -13.6 -5.5 -5.7 41.1

Final demand goods less foods and energy

FD

413

1.8 0.1 0.1 -0.2 0.0 0.1

Alcoholic beverages

02

61

3.2 0.1 0.3 -0.5 0.1 0.2

Pet food(2)

02

9402

7.7 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Women's, girls', and infants' apparel(2)

03

8106

-1.3 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0

Men's and boys' apparel(2)

03

8107

4.0 0.0 2.3 0.0 -0.5 0.1

Textile housefurnishings(2)

03

82

2.3 -0.1 0.0 0.1 0.2 -0.5

Footwear

04

3

5.8 0.5 0.0 0.4 0.1 -0.1

Industrial chemicals

06

1

-15.1 -0.5 -2.0 -1.9 -2.8 -1.2

Pharmaceutical preparations

06

38

2.8 0.3 0.0 0.1 0.4 0.4

Soaps and detergents(2)

06

71

11.1 0.1 0.0 -0.1 0.1 0.0

Cleaning and polishing products(2)

06

72

2.8 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0

Cosmetics and other toiletries(2)

06

75

5.4 0.2 0.5 0.4 0.0 0.0

Tires(2)

07

1201

5.0 0.1 -0.2 -0.3 -0.2 0.0

Consumer, institutional, and commercial products, n.e.c.(2)

07

2B

-0.2 0.1 -0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1

Sanitary paper products(2)

09

1501

6.7 0.0 0.4 0.3 0.0 -0.7

Iron and steel scrap

10

12

1.8 6.0 -6.0 -10.8 4.5 6.4

Agricultural machinery and equipment

11

1

3.7 0.4 0.4 -0.3 0.5 0.0

Construction machinery and equipment(2)

11

2

6.0 0.3 0.1 0.0 1.6 -0.5

Metal cutting machine tools(2)

11

37

4.1 0.0 0.5 0.0 0.5 0.0

Metal forming machine tools

11

38

4.2 0.1 1.8 0.2 0.3 0.0

Tools, dies, jigs, fixtures, and industrial molds(2)

11

39

5.8 0.2 0.1 0.7 0.1 0.3

Pumps, compressors, and equipment

11

41

7.5 -0.1 0.9 0.4 0.4 0.4

Industrial material handling equipment(2)

11

44

5.0 0.0 0.4 0.3 0.1 0.0

Electronic computers and computer equipment(2)

11

5

0.3 -1.4 -0.5 -1.6 -0.2 1.8

Textile machinery and equipment(2)

11

62

-0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Paper industries machinery(2)

11

64

6.8 0.1 0.5 1.8 0.0 -0.3

Printing trades machinery and equipment(2)

11

65

2.3 0.3 0.2 -0.3 0.1 0.6

Transformers and power regulators(2)

11

74

2.0 0.3 0.3 0.8 1.3 0.3

Communication and related equipment

11

76

2.6 0.4 0.0 0.5 0.1 0.5

Electronic components and accessories

11

78

0.6 -0.2 -1.1 0.2 0.2 0.1

X-ray and electromedical equipment(2)

11

7905

2.8 0.0 0.1 0.0 1.2 0.0

Oil field and gas field machinery(2)

11

91

7.0 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Mining machinery and equipment(2)

11

92

9.8 4.1 0.3 0.0 0.4 -0.2

Internal combustion engines(2)

11

94

6.8 0.3 0.0 0.1 1.8 0.0

Household furniture(2)

12

1

1.5 -0.3 -0.1 0.3 0.2 0.3

Commercial furniture(2)

12

2

4.5 -0.1 0.5 -0.2 0.7 -0.1

Floor coverings(2)

12

3

0.4 0.4 -0.2 -0.4 -0.1 0.0

Household appliances(2)

12

4

1.9 0.2 0.7 -0.1 -0.3 1.0

Home electronic equipment(2)

12

5

2.8 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Lawn and garden equipment excl. garden tractors(2)

12

66

3.3 0.3 -0.3 0.0 0.0 0.0

Passenger cars

14

1101

-1.7 -0.8 -0.3 -0.7 0.2 0.3

Light motor trucks

14

1105

3.2 -0.4 0.1 -0.2 0.3 0.1

Heavy motor trucks(2)

14

1106

1.9 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.4 0.0

Motor vehicles parts(2)

14

12

1.3 0.2 0.2 -0.1 0.2 0.0

Truck trailers(2)

14

14

-2.1 0.5 -0.2 0.0 -0.8 0.0

Travel trailers and campers(2)

14

16

2.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5 0.2

Aircraft

14

21

4.0 0.5 0.5 0.3 0.1 0.0

Ships(2)

14

31

1.8 0.1 0.8 0.0 0.6 0.0

Railroad equipment(2)

14

4

1.7 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.0

Toys, games, and children's vehicles(2)

15

11

2.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Sporting and athletic goods(2)

15

12

8.5 -0.3 0.4 0.0 0.0 2.2

Cigarettes(2)

15

21

11.6 0.0 1.9 0.0 1.1 1.4

Mobile homes(2)

15

5

-3.6 0.0 0.4 0.2 0.0 0.0

Medical, surgical & personal aid devices

15

6

2.8 -0.2 0.1 0.6 -0.1 0.2

Jewelry, platinum and karat gold(2)

15

9402

2.2 1.5 1.0 -1.7 -0.5 -1.0

Costume jewelry and novelties(2)

15

9404

7.1 1.1 0.9 0.0 0.0 0.0

Final demand services

FD

42

2.2 0.2 0.2 -0.1 0.5 0.2

Final demand trade services(3)

FD

423

-0.7 0.4 0.7 -1.1 0.5 -0.3

Machinery and equipment parts and supplies wholesaling(2)

57

1102

8.7 -2.7 2.8 -1.8 0.7 2.2

Machinery and vehicle wholesaling(2)

57

1103

-2.5 1.2 0.8 -5.5 2.0 0.2

Professional and commercial equipment wholesaling(2)

57

1104

6.2 -2.7 1.1 -0.6 -1.1 0.0

Furnishings wholesaling(2)

57

2

-2.7 -0.3 -6.9 1.1 0.7 0.0

Chemicals and allied products wholesaling(2)

57

5

-7.2 2.2 -2.9 -5.0 8.8 -4.7

Paper and plastics products wholesaling(2)

57

6

3.3 0.1 0.2 -0.5 -2.5 1.9

Apparel wholesaling(2)

57

7

7.6 7.1 -5.4 3.1 -2.1 2.8

Food and alcohol wholesaling(2)

57

8

0.5 2.8 2.2 -2.3 0.5 -1.3

Food and alcohol retailing

58

1

8.0 -1.0 1.5 2.2 -2.2 0.5

Health, beauty, and optical goods retailing(2)

58

2

2.1 -0.6 1.6 -0.6 0.4 -0.4

Apparel, jewelry, footwear, and accessories retailing

58

3

1.2 -4.1 4.5 -1.9 -1.6 0.8

Computer hardware, software, and supplies retailing(2)

58

4

-22.5 -2.3 -0.6 -1.7 -0.2 -0.2

TV, video, and photographic equipment and supplies retailing

58

5

-12.6 1.3 -9.0 12.9 -8.2 -6.2

Automobiles retailing (partial)

58

6101

-27.5 -2.4 -1.2 -3.4 -2.3 -1.4

Automotive parts, including tires, retailing(2)

58

6102

2.0 -3.8 0.8 1.6 0.1 0.7

RVs, trailers, and campers retailing(2)

58

8

-19.3 -1.7 8.7 -4.8 1.9 -2.3

Sporting goods, including boats, retailing

58

9

-3.6 2.9 -1.4 -1.2 -1.9 0.1

Lawn, garden, and farm equipment and supplies retailing(2)

58

A

9.3 1.5 -1.3 0.1 2.6 -0.1

Furniture retailing(2)

58

B

5.2 2.0 0.9 2.7 -2.9 -1.5

Flooring and floor coverings retailing(2)

58

C

-2.2 -0.1 -0.5 0.9 -0.8 0.0

Hardware, building materials, and supplies retailing

58

D

1.7 -2.6 0.7 4.5 6.8 4.5

Major household appliances retailing

58

E

6.3 3.3 -4.0 -1.4 -0.1 7.5

Fuels and lubricants retailing

58

F

-16.9 -1.0 12.1 -1.8 -9.2 3.7

Cleaning supplies and paper products retailing(2)

58

G

13.4 6.1 -1.9 3.6 -3.7 4.9

Book retailing(2)

58

H

-1.6 0.1 0.3 0.5 0.9 0.0

Final demand transportation and warehousing services

FD

422

-4.1 -2.5 -0.5 0.0 0.2 1.4

Rail transportation of freight and mail(2)

30

11

-0.9 -0.2 -0.9 -0.4 -0.1 0.4

Truck transportation of freight(2)

30

12

-9.6 -3.0 -0.5 -0.7 -0.8 1.6

Air transportation of freight(2)

30

14

-7.4 0.4 -1.4 -0.8 1.0 0.9

Courier, messenger, and U.S. postal services

30

16

6.0 0.0 0.1 -0.1 1.7 1.2

Rail transportation of passengers

30

21

0.0 -0.1 0.1 -0.2 0.1 0.2

Airline passenger services

30

22

4.0 -3.1 -1.0 2.0 1.6 1.3

Final demand services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

FD

421

4.4 0.5 0.0 0.3 0.6 0.3

Sales of books

33

11

6.1 1.1 0.3 0.5 0.6 -0.1

Sales and subscriptions of periodicals and newspapers

33

12

2.6 0.0 0.3 -0.3 0.2 0.9

Application software publishing(2)

34

2

0.6 -0.4 1.3 0.0 -1.9 1.6

Advertising space sales in periodicals, newspapers, directories, and mailing lists(2)

36

1

4.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Residential wired telecommunication services(2)

37

11

6.9 1.3 1.4 0.2 -0.1 0.5

Wireless telecommunication services

37

2

0.5 0.1 0.6 0.2 0.1 -1.1

Cable and satellite subscriber services

37

3

11.4 0.7 0.2 1.1 -0.1 1.1

Internet access services(2)

37

4

0.6 -0.1 -0.8 0.6 -0.2 -0.7

Bundled wired telecommunications access services(2)

37

5

6.8 0.0 -1.5 0.0 -0.3 1.5

Consumer loans (partial)

39

12

-1.3 3.0 -0.4 -2.6 -0.7 3.4

Deposit services (partial)(2)

39

2

20.9 0.6 0.1 5.6 -0.6 -2.3

Other credit intermediation, incl. trust services (partial)(2)

39

3

3.8 0.2 1.3 0.0 0.0 2.6

Securities brokerage, dealing, investment advice, and related services(2)

40

1

27.1 -0.4 3.2 0.0 1.6 1.6

Portfolio management(2)

40

2

8.0 4.3 -3.0 -0.3 7.3 0.5

Life insurance(2)

41

1101

-1.1 0.0 -0.5 0.0 -0.3 0.0

Disability insurance, including accidental death(2)

41

1102

0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Health and medical insurance

41

1103

3.3 0.2 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.5

Property and casualty insurance(2)

41

1104

7.0 0.6 0.5 2.1 0.1 0.2

Annuities(2)

41

2

0.3 0.3 0.0 -0.1 0.5 0.0

Residential property sales and leases, brokerage fees and commissions

43

21

4.4 0.9 1.0 0.8 0.5 1.4

Passenger car rental

44

1

-6.1 2.6 -3.1 -2.7 0.5 1.0

Legal services

45

1

6.1 0.2 -0.2 0.3 0.7 0.2

Tax preparation and planning

45

2102

6.8 0.3 0.6 -0.9 1.7 0.8

Architectural and engineering services

45

3

3.1 0.7 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.1

Management, scientific, and technical consulting services

45

4

2.8 2.3 -0.7 2.9 -1.5 0.1

Arrangement of flights (partial)

47

1

-0.8 -3.8 0.1 -0.9 1.7 -0.2

Arrangement of vehicle rentals and lodging(2)

47

2

4.5 0.1 -1.2 -1.0 -1.5 0.4

Arrangement of cruises and tours(2)

47

3

8.5 1.9 1.9 5.0 1.5 0.7

Physician care

51

1101

0.7 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0

Medical laboratory and diagnostic imaging care(2)

51

1102

0.4 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0

Home health and hospice care

51

1103

6.0 1.8 0.1 0.3 0.4 0.4

Hospital outpatient care(2)

51

1104

2.5 0.7 0.2 -0.2 1.5 -0.1

Dental care

51

1105

3.7 -0.2 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.8

Hospital inpatient care

51

2101

3.4 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.0 -0.3

Nursing home care

51

2102

5.7 -0.2 0.2 0.0 1.4 0.1

Traveler accommodation services

53

11

6.0 1.1 -3.0 2.4 0.3 0.5

Food and beverages for immediate consumption services (partial)(2)

54

1

2.1 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.7

Motor vehicle repair and maintenance (partial)

55

2

5.9 0.4 0.4 0.4 -0.3 1.2

Membership dues and admissions and recreation facility use fees (partial)(2)

56

1

4.8 0.2 -1.7 -0.1 0.4 -1.4

Recreational activity instruction fees (partial)(2)

56

2

0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0

Gaming receipts (partial)(2)

56

3

0.3 -1.7 0.2 0.0 -1.0 -0.7

Mining services(2)

60

1

3.9 -0.7 -0.5 -0.1 0.0 -0.2

Final demand construction

FD

43

3.9 -0.2 0.1 0.0 -1.2 0.2

New warehouse building construction(2)

80

1101

1.6 -0.3 0.4 0.2 -0.8 0.2

New school building construction(2)

80

1102

3.8 -0.4 0.0 0.0 -1.0 0.0

New office building construction(2)

80

1103

5.7 0.2 0.1 0.0 -2.0 0.3

New industrial building construction(2)

80

1104

3.1 -0.5 0.0 0.2 -1.4 0.3

New health care building construction(2)

80

1105

4.3 -0.3 0.0 -0.1 -0.8 0.1

Intermediate Demand by Commodity Type

Processed goods for intermediate demand

ID6

1

-4.3 -0.5 -1.5 -0.5 -0.3 2.1

Processed foods and feeds

ID6

9112

-4.4 -1.1 -1.9 -1.1 1.3 0.7

Meats

02

21

7.2 -3.2 1.9 0.9 5.0 -2.4

Processed poultry

02

22

-25.9 -1.6 -3.3 -0.3 -2.9 1.0

Dairy products

02

3

-9.7 -0.2 -1.3 -2.2 -1.5 1.9

Processed fruits and vegetables(2)

02

4

12.2 0.3 1.2 1.0 0.0 0.6

Refined sugar and byproducts(2)

02

53

13.3 0.1 1.1 0.8 0.8 1.4

Fats and oils(2)

02

7

-19.3 -5.4 -3.4 -5.6 1.3 5.1

Prepared animal feeds

02

9

-3.5 -1.4 -2.2 -0.9 2.1 0.3

Processed materials less foods and feeds

ID6

9111

-4.3 -0.5 -1.5 -0.4 -0.5 2.3

Synthetic fibers(2)

03

1

-3.0 0.0 -1.4 -0.8 1.5 -3.0

Processed yarns and threads(2)

03

2

-14.5 -1.0 -1.0 0.3 0.3 -0.2

Finished fabrics(2)

03

4

-1.5 -0.6 -0.2 -0.2 -0.2 -0.1

Liquefied petroleum gas(2)

05

32

-41.1 -3.1 -17.4 -6.1 26.2 6.0

Commercial electric power

05

42

4.1 0.0 0.8 0.8 -0.1 0.0

Industrial electric power

05

43

5.0 -1.6 2.2 0.8 -0.8 0.1

Commercial natural gas

05

52

-21.9 -6.0 -6.0 -2.4 3.4 -0.2

Industrial natural gas

05

53

-25.5 -6.5 -6.5 -2.4 9.2 -1.3

Natural gas to electric utilities

05

54

-21.4 -5.7 -10.6 -2.6 4.8 0.1

Gasoline

05

71

1.7 8.1 -13.6 3.1 0.3 20.0

Jet fuel(2)

05

7203

-12.8 -12.7 -11.6 1.8 4.6 23.6

No. 2 diesel fuel

05

7303

-14.4 -3.6 -13.6 -5.5 -5.7 41.1

Residual fuels(2)

05

74

-20.1 -1.0 11.2 -9.8 4.5 5.4

Finished lubricants(2)

05

76

4.5 -0.9 0.1 1.3 -0.3 -0.1

Lubricating oil base stocks(2)

05

78

-36.9 -2.0 -12.7 1.6 -1.7 -0.5

Asphalt

05

8102

-34.6 9.7 4.6 -0.3 -5.8 -1.0

Basic inorganic chemicals(2)

06

13

-6.5 -1.6 -1.6 -1.2 -3.5 -1.4

Basic organic chemicals

06

14

-16.6 -0.3 -2.1 -2.1 -2.6 -1.2

Prepared paint(2)

06

21

0.6 0.2 0.1 0.0 -0.2 0.0

Paint materials(2)

06

22

1.1 -0.3 2.1 1.0 -3.9 0.0

Medicinal and botanical chemicals(2)

06

31

0.6 0.1 0.0 -0.1 0.0 -0.4

Biological products, including diagnostics

06

37

5.2 0.7 -0.4 0.3 1.2 0.1

Fats and oils, inedible(2)

06

4

-10.9 -3.1 -4.1 0.5 7.0 2.7

Nitrogenates

06

5201

-47.1 -9.0 -6.5 -11.2 2.7 -5.3

Phosphates

06

5202

-28.9 2.0 -4.7 0.2 -18.7 7.4

Other agricultural chemicals(2)

06

53

-17.2 -4.9 -2.3 -1.3 -0.1 -0.1

Plastic resins and materials

06

6

-13.4 2.3 -1.7 -2.5 -4.3 -1.4

Industrial gases(2)

06

7903

3.1 -0.8 1.2 -1.6 2.6 1.5

Adhesives and sealants(2)

06

7904

2.8 0.6 0.1 -0.2 0.0 -0.2

Synthetic rubber(2)

07

1102

-18.3 1.2 -1.0 -2.8 -5.6 0.1

Tires(2)

07

1201

5.0 0.1 -0.2 -0.3 -0.2 0.0

Plastic construction products(2)

07

21

-5.2 -0.2 -0.9 -0.8 0.0 -0.2

Unsupported plastic film, sheet, other shapes(2)

07

22

-8.8 0.5 -0.3 -1.6 -1.6 -1.0

Parts for manufacturing from plastics(2)

07

26

-2.2 -0.4 -0.4 -0.2 -0.1 -0.1

Plastic packaging products(2)

07

2A

-6.0 0.0 0.1 -0.4 -0.3 -0.3

Softwood lumber

08

11

-18.0 6.2 -2.9 3.9 8.6 -5.3

Hardwood lumber(2)

08

12

-16.4 -0.8 0.3 -1.6 -1.2 -2.3

Millwork

08

2

-6.6 -1.2 -0.4 -0.3 -0.1 -0.9

Plywood(2)

08

3

-14.4 -0.5 -0.8 -0.7 -0.8 0.5

Paper(2)

09

13

0.5 0.8 -0.6 -0.3 -0.8 0.0

Paperboard(2)

09

14

-4.8 -0.8 -0.1 -0.3 -0.9 -0.4

Paper boxes and containers(2)

09

1503

-1.8 -0.5 0.6 -1.1 -0.3 -0.7

Building paper and board(2)

09

2

-4.5 2.1 6.1 2.4 6.0 4.2

Commercial printing(2)

09

47

4.8 -0.3 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.2

Foundry and forge shop products(2)

10

15

1.5 0.8 -0.3 -0.2 -0.9 0.0

Steel mill products(2)

10

17

-14.8 3.6 5.3 -0.4 -4.7 -0.5

Primary nonferrous metals(2)

10

22

-1.2 0.9 3.0 -0.2 2.1 -5.7

Secondary nonferrous metals(2)

10

24

-4.4 -0.4 -0.5 -2.3 -1.2 -1.4

Aluminum mill shapes(2)

10

2501

-5.6 -1.8 0.4 -1.0 -1.3 -1.4

Copper and brass mill shapes(2)

10

2502

4.8 -0.9 -2.2 -1.9 -0.1 1.5

Nonferrous wire and cable(2)

10

26

0.8 0.0 -1.6 -1.7 0.2 1.0

Nonferrous foundry shop products

10

28

3.8 0.8 -0.2 -0.1 0.2 0.3

Metal containers(2)

10

3

-3.5 0.2 0.3 -0.1 0.0 -1.6

Hardware(2)

10

4

2.4 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.1 0.0

Plumbing fixtures and brass fittings

10

5

2.3 -0.6 0.7 0.1 0.6 0.5

Heating equipment(2)

10

6

5.4 0.3 -0.3 0.2 0.1 0.2

Fabricated structural metal products

10

7

-1.5 0.1 -0.5 -0.6 0.4 0.1

Bolts, nuts, screws, rivets, and washers(2)

10

81

4.6 0.4 0.8 0.6 0.8 -0.4

Lighting fixtures(2)

10

83

3.9 0.0 0.4 0.1 0.5 -0.1

Fabricated ferrous wire products(2)

10

88

-8.9 0.3 -0.1 -0.8 -1.3 -0.7

Other miscellaneous metal products(2)

10

89

2.6 0.1 -0.1 0.4 0.2 -0.5

Fluid power equipment

11

43

10.9 6.5 -0.1 0.3 0.4 -0.4

Mechanical power transmission equipment(2)

11

45

6.2 0.2 0.4 0.2 0.0 0.2

Air conditioning and refrigeration equipment

11

48

4.4 0.0 0.9 -0.9 0.5 0.5

Metal valves, except fluid power

11

4902

5.7 -0.1 1.0 0.3 0.1 0.8

Ball and roller bearings(2)

11

4905

1.0 -0.2 0.0 0.1 0.0 -0.4

Wiring devices(2)

11

71

11.9 -0.3 0.2 0.6 0.0 0.6

Motors, generators, motor generator sets(2)

11

73

7.5 0.5 0.0 0.0 1.4 1.0

Switchgear, switchboard, and industrial controls equip.(2)

11

75

6.7 0.5 0.1 1.1 0.3 0.4

Electronic components and accessories

11

78

0.6 -0.2 -1.1 0.2 0.2 0.1

Internal combustion engines(2)

11

94

6.8 0.3 0.0 0.1 1.8 0.0

Machine shop products(2)

11

95

4.6 0.2 0.5 0.2 0.1 0.1

Flat glass(2)

13

11

2.3 -0.3 -0.6 0.4 -0.7 -1.2

Cement

13

22

11.0 -1.3 1.1 -0.1 0.8 0.1

Concrete products

13

3

8.7 0.1 1.2 0.2 0.1 0.5

Asphalt felts and coatings(2)

13

6

3.1 1.9 0.5 1.6 0.9 -1.0

Paving mixtures and blocks

13

94

-1.3 -1.0 -1.9 -1.1 -0.6 1.0

Motor vehicle parts(2)

14

12

1.3 0.2 0.2 -0.1 0.2 0.0

Aircraft engines and engine parts

14

23

2.9 0.3 0.1 0.0 0.4 0.1

Aircraft parts and auxiliary equipment, n.e.c.

14

25

5.5 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0

Medical, surgical, and personal aid devices

15

6

2.8 -0.2 0.1 0.6 -0.1 0.2

Unprocessed goods for intermediate demand

ID6

2

-26.9 1.1 -5.3 -1.0 2.4 1.3

Unprocessed foodstuffs and feedstuffs

ID6

21

-14.5 -1.5 -4.6 1.0 -0.8 -2.3

Wheat(2)

01

21

-14.6 4.0 -3.3 -3.9 1.7 -7.9

Corn

01

2202

-26.1 2.4 -6.0 3.4 -10.7 -2.0

Slaughter cattle

01

31

28.1 8.0 -0.5 6.0 2.4 1.6

Slaughter hogs

01

32

-27.6 -8.0 -4.9 12.2 8.5 -2.4

Slaughter chickens

01

4102

-18.0 -0.1 -0.4 -0.6 -7.1 0.8

Slaughter turkeys

01

42

-21.6 -2.4 -2.1 -8.5 -8.3 -10.4

Raw milk

01

6

-31.3 -3.8 -5.9 -6.3 -0.4 -3.4

Hay and hayseeds(2)

01

81

-23.8 -15.3 3.4 4.1 0.3 -18.2

Oilseeds

01

8301

-11.8 0.5 -1.2 -6.9 9.0 -4.3

Raw cane sugar and byproducts(2)

02

5201

12.9 -0.2 -2.5 6.8 -2.0 0.6

Unprocessed nonfood materials

ID6

22

-32.2 2.8 -5.7 -2.3 4.6 3.6

Raw cotton(2)

01

51

-26.7 -0.3 -3.2 0.5 -1.1 4.6

Hides and skins

04

1

-4.9 3.1 4.7 -1.7 -6.1 3.0

Coal

05

1

-4.3 1.7 -2.9 0.8 3.5 0.8

Natural gas(2)

05

31

-77.7 -22.8 -2.0 2.2 19.6 -6.3

Crude petroleum(2)

05

61

-12.5 11.2 -9.8 -4.2 8.7 8.9

Logs, bolts, timber, pulpwood, and woodchips(2)

08

5

-3.0 -0.7 0.0 0.1 -0.5 0.5

Recyclable paper(2)

09

12

-51.1 6.2 2.6 1.9 -0.4 1.8

Iron ores(2)

10

11

-3.3 1.0 -6.4 0.3 -0.7 0.0

Iron and steel scrap

10

12

1.8 6.0 -6.0 -10.8 4.5 6.4

Nonferrous metal ores(2)

10

21

-4.7 0.6 -1.4 -2.3 -4.5 -2.7

Copper base scrap(2)

10

2301

9.5 -0.4 -2.7 0.5 -0.1 -1.1

Aluminum base scrap

10

2302

-1.7 -1.4 7.6 1.0 -0.2 1.0

Construction sand, gravel, and crushed stone

13

21

8.2 0.0 0.1 0.8 0.2 0.7

Services for intermediate demand

ID6

3

4.2 0.7 0.1 0.0 0.5 0.1

Trade services for intermediate demand(3)

ID6

33

1.4 0.8 -0.4 -0.8 1.4 -0.3

Machinery and equipment parts and supplies wholesaling(2)

57

1102

8.7 -2.7 2.8 -1.8 0.7 2.2

Building materials, paint, and hardware wholesaling

57

3

-7.8 -1.7 -0.9 -0.1 -1.0 1.4

Metals, minerals, and ores wholesaling(2)

57

4

-1.1 2.1 -9.8 -1.7 -3.7 -2.9

Chemicals and allied products wholesaling(2)

57

5

-7.2 2.2 -2.9 -5.0 8.8 -4.7

Paper and plastics products wholesaling(2)

57

6

3.3 0.1 0.2 -0.5 -2.5 1.9

Food wholesaling(2)

57

8101

-0.2 3.2 2.5 -2.5 0.6 -1.5

Automotive parts, including tires, retailing(2)

58

6102

2.0 -3.8 0.8 1.6 0.1 0.7

Hardware, building material, and supplies retailing

58

D

1.7 -2.6 0.7 4.5 6.8 4.5

Transportation and warehousing services for intermediate demand

ID6

32

-2.7 -1.1 -0.4 0.0 0.6 -0.2

Rail transportation of freight and mail(2)

30

11

-0.9 -0.2 -0.9 -0.4 -0.1 0.4

Truck transportation of freight(2)

30

12

-9.6 -3.0 -0.5 -0.7 -0.8 1.6

Water transportation of freight(2)

30

13

-1.6 0.2 5.6 -2.1 -1.8 1.7

Air transportation of freight(2)

30

14

-7.4 0.4 -1.4 -0.8 1.0 0.9

U.S. Postal Service(2)

30

1601

9.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 3.8 0.0

Courier and messenger services, except air mail

30

1602

4.4 0.1 0.6 0.1 0.6 1.1

Air mail and package delivery services, excluding by USPS

30

1603

3.6 0.0 -0.8 -0.5 0.6 3.2

Pipeline transportation(2)

30

17

5.3 -1.1 0.2 -1.2 3.8 0.1

Transportation of passengers (partial)

30

2

3.9 -3.1 -1.0 2.0 1.6 1.3

Services related to water transportation

31

1

2.1 -0.1 1.4 -0.4 0.0 0.2

Arrangement of freight and cargo(2)

31

31

-42.8 -4.1 -2.0 3.3 -2.2 -15.0

Warehousing, storage, and related services(2)

32

1

8.5 0.1 -3.1 -1.5 1.4 -1.1

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing for intermediate demand

ID6

31

6.6 1.0 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.3

Network compensation from broadcast TV, cable TV, radio(2)

35

-

0.5 0.0 0.2 -0.3 0.0 0.0

Advertising space sales in periodicals and newspapers(2)

36

11

2.9 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Advertising space sales in directories and mail lists(2)

36

12

9.7 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Television advertising time sales

36

2

-20.3 2.8 -0.9 -2.1 -1.1 -8.2

Radio advertising time sales

36

3

-2.8 -1.2 6.0 -2.7 -7.3 4.8

Internet advertising sales(2)

36

6

- 6.7 0.0 0.0 -0.2 0.0

Business wired telecommunication services(2)

37

12

2.9 0.7 0.0 -0.6 1.1 0.5

Wireless telecommunication services

37

2

0.5 0.1 0.6 0.2 0.1 -1.1

Cable and satellite subscriber services

37

3

11.4 0.7 0.2 1.1 -0.1 1.1

Bundled wired telecommunication access services(2)

37

5

6.8 0.0 -1.5 0.0 -0.3 1.5

Data processing and related services(2)

38

1

2.0 -0.1 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.1

Business loans (partial)

39

11

41.9 2.7 3.4 -1.9 -1.9 -1.7

Deposit services (partial)(2)

39

2

20.9 0.6 0.1 5.6 -0.6 -2.3

Other credit intermediation, incl. trust services (partial)(2)

39

3

3.8 0.2 1.3 0.0 0.0 2.6

Securities brokerage, dealing, investment advice, and related services(2)

40

1

27.1 -0.4 3.2 0.0 1.6 1.6

Portfolio management(2)

40

2

8.0 4.3 -3.0 -0.3 7.3 0.5

Investment banking(2)

40

3

9.2 -0.8 1.4 -0.4 -0.1 1.9

Life insurance(2)

41

1101

-1.1 0.0 -0.5 0.0 -0.3 0.0

Health and medical insurance

41

1103

3.3 0.2 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.5

Property and casualty insurance(2)

41

1104

7.0 0.6 0.5 2.1 0.1 0.2

Annuities(2)

41

2

0.3 0.3 0.0 -0.1 0.5 0.0

Commissions from sales of insurance(2)

42

1

0.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 -0.5 0.0

Nonresidential real estate rents(2)

43

11

2.4 2.5 0.3 1.5 -0.9 3.6

Nonresidential property sales and leases(2)

43

12

-2.1 -0.4 -0.3 0.3 -0.6 0.3

Residential property management fees(2)

43

22

1.6 0.5 0.7 -0.2 0.8 0.1

Passenger car rental

44

1

-6.1 2.6 -3.1 -2.7 0.5 1.0

Truck, utility trailer, and RV rental and leasing(2)

44

2

-0.8 0.2 -1.4 2.3 -0.9 -0.4

Construction, mining, and forestry machinery and equipment rental and leasing(2)

44

3

3.1 0.2 0.2 -0.2 0.1 -0.1

Legal services

45

1

6.1 0.2 -0.2 0.3 0.7 0.2

Accounting services (partial)

45

2

8.3 0.9 0.1 -0.5 2.2 0.6

Architectural and engineering services

45

3

3.1 0.7 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.1

Management, scientific, and technical consulting services

45

4

2.8 2.3 -0.7 2.9 -1.5 0.1

Advertising and related services (partial)(2)

45

5

0.9 0.0 0.3 -0.1 0.0 0.0

Permanent placement services(2)

46

1

1.5 2.4 -1.0 -0.5 0.4 -0.1

Executive search services(2)

46

2

8.6 -0.7 -0.5 1.1 0.3 4.9

Staffing services

46

3

0.5 0.7 0.0 -0.3 -0.1 -0.2

Security guard services(2)

48

1

10.7 0.1 2.1 0.1 0.2 3.2

Janitorial services(2)

49

1

2.0 0.9 -0.2 0.0 -0.1 0.0

Waste collection

50

1

9.4 1.1 0.7 0.5 -0.1 0.2

Traveler accommodation services

53

11

6.0 1.1 -3.0 2.4 0.3 0.5

Commercial and industrial machinery and equipment repair and maintenance

55

1

6.1 1.9 -0.4 0.1 0.9 0.0

Aircraft repair and maintenance

55

4

4.9 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.5 0.4

Metal treatment services(2)

59

1

5.0 0.7 0.6 -0.2 0.9 0.2

Construction for intermediate demand

ID6

4

4.6 0.1 1.4 0.1 0.3 0.3

Maintenance and repair of non-residential buildings (partial)(2)

80

2

4.6 0.1 1.4 0.1 0.3 0.3

Intermediate Demand by Production Flow

Stage 4 intermediate demand

ID5

4

2.3 0.3 -0.2 -0.1 0.4 0.6

Stage 4 intermediate demand goods

ID5

9411

-0.8 -0.2 -0.5 0.0 -0.1 0.6

Grains

01

2

-23.1 2.7 -5.5 1.9 -8.7 -2.8

Meats

02

21

7.2 -3.2 1.9 0.9 5.0 -2.4

Unprocessed and packaged fish

02

23

-2.6 -1.4 1.3 -1.9 0.6 -1.1

Dairy products

02

3

-9.7 -0.2 -1.3 -2.2 -1.5 1.9

Commercial electric power

05

42

4.1 0.0 0.8 0.8 -0.1 0.0

Industrial electric power

05

43

5.0 -1.6 2.2 0.8 -0.8 0.1

Gasoline

05

71

1.7 8.1 -13.6 3.1 0.3 20.0

No. 2 diesel fuel

05

7303

-14.4 -3.6 -13.6 -5.5 -5.7 41.1

Basic organic chemicals

06

14

-16.6 -0.3 -2.1 -2.1 -2.6 -1.2

Prepared paint(2)

06

21

0.6 0.2 0.1 0.0 -0.2 0.0

Medicinal and botanical chemicals(2)

06

31

0.6 0.1 0.0 -0.1 0.0 -0.4

Biological products, including diagnostics

06

37

5.2 0.7 -0.4 0.3 1.2 0.1

Pharmaceutical preparations

06

38

2.8 0.3 0.0 0.1 0.4 0.4

Plastic construction products(2)

07

21

-5.2 -0.2 -0.9 -0.8 0.0 -0.2

Unsupported plastic film, sheet, and other shapes(2)

07

22

-8.8 0.5 -0.3 -1.6 -1.6 -1.0

Parts for manufacturing from plastics(2)

07

26

-2.2 -0.4 -0.4 -0.2 -0.1 -0.1

Plastic packaging products(2)

07

2A

-6.0 0.0 0.1 -0.4 -0.3 -0.3

Lumber

08

1

-17.3 3.3 -1.7 1.6 4.8 -4.2

Millwork

08

2

-6.6 -1.2 -0.4 -0.3 -0.1 -0.9

Paper boxes and containers(2)

09

1503

-1.8 -0.5 0.6 -1.1 -0.3 -0.7

Commercial printing(2)

09

47

4.8 -0.3 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.2

Steel mill products(2)

10

17

-14.8 3.6 5.3 -0.4 -4.7 -0.5

Nonferrous wire and cable(2)

10

26

0.8 0.0 -1.6 -1.7 0.2 1.0

Fabricated structural metal products

10

7

-1.5 0.1 -0.5 -0.6 0.4 0.1

Other miscellaneous metal products(2)

10

89

2.6 0.1 -0.1 0.4 0.2 -0.5

Air conditioning and refrigeration equipment

11

48

4.4 0.0 0.9 -0.9 0.5 0.5

Wiring devices(2)

11

71

11.9 -0.3 0.2 0.6 0.0 0.6

Electronic components and accessories

11

78

0.6 -0.2 -1.1 0.2 0.2 0.1

Miscellaneous electrical machinery and equipment(2)

11

79

2.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.8 0.0

Internal combustion engines(2)

11

94

6.8 0.3 0.0 0.1 1.8 0.0

Machine shop products(2)

11

95

4.6 0.2 0.5 0.2 0.1 0.1

Concrete ingredients and related products

13

2

9.0 -0.3 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.5

Concrete products

13

3

8.7 0.1 1.2 0.2 0.1 0.5

Prepared asphalt, tar roofing and siding products(2)

13

61

3.2 2.4 0.5 1.9 1.0 -1.2

Paving mixtures and blocks

13

94

-1.3 -1.0 -1.9 -1.1 -0.6 1.0

Motor vehicle parts(2)

14

12

1.3 0.2 0.2 -0.1 0.2 0.0

Aircraft engines and engine parts

14

23

2.9 0.3 0.1 0.0 0.4 0.1

Aircraft parts and auxiliary equipment, n.e.c.

14

25

5.5 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0

Medical, surgical and personal aid devices

15

6

2.8 -0.2 0.1 0.6 -0.1 0.2

Stage 4 intermediate demand services

ID5

9412

5.3 0.7 0.2 -0.1 0.8 0.5

Truck transportation of freight(2)

30

12

-9.6 -3.0 -0.5 -0.7 -0.8 1.6

Courier, messenger, and U.S. postal services

30

16

6.0 0.0 0.1 -0.1 1.7 1.2

Airline passenger services

30

22

4.0 -3.1 -1.0 2.0 1.6 1.3

Warehousing, storage, and related services(2)

32

1

8.5 0.1 -3.1 -1.5 1.4 -1.1

Advertising space sales in periodicals and newspapers(2)

36

11

2.9 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Data processing and related services(2)

38

1

2.0 -0.1 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.1

Business loans (partial)

39

11

41.9 2.7 3.4 -1.9 -1.9 -1.7

Deposit services (partial)(2)

39

2

20.9 0.6 0.1 5.6 -0.6 -2.3

Securities brokerage, dealing, investment advice, and related services(2)

40

1

27.1 -0.4 3.2 0.0 1.6 1.6

Portfolio management(2)

40

2

8.0 4.3 -3.0 -0.3 7.3 0.5

Investment banking(2)

40

3

9.2 -0.8 1.4 -0.4 -0.1 1.9

Insurance

41

11

4.1 0.4 0.1 1.0 -0.2 0.3

Annuities(2)

41

2

0.3 0.3 0.0 -0.1 0.5 0.0

Nonresidential real estate rents(2)

43

11

2.4 2.5 0.3 1.5 -0.9 3.6

Nonresidential property sales and leases(2)

43

12

-2.1 -0.4 -0.3 0.3 -0.6 0.3

Nonresidential property management fees(2)

43

13

10.4 1.5 -0.1 0.3 2.7 0.6

Residential property management fees(2)

43

22

1.6 0.5 0.7 -0.2 0.8 0.1

Construction, mining, and forestry machinery and equipment rental and leasing(2)

44

3

3.1 0.2 0.2 -0.2 0.1 -0.1

Legal services

45

1

6.1 0.2 -0.2 0.3 0.7 0.2

Advertising agency services(2)

45

51

0.9 0.0 0.3 -0.1 0.0 0.0

Accounting services (partial)

45

2

8.3 0.9 0.1 -0.5 2.2 0.6

Architectural and engineering services

45

3

3.1 0.7 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.1

Management, scientific, and technical consulting services

45

4

2.8 2.3 -0.7 2.9 -1.5 0.1

Staffing services

46

3

0.5 0.7 0.0 -0.3 -0.1 -0.2

Janitorial services(