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Table 3. Producer price indexes and percent changes for intermediate demand by production flow

Table 3. Producer price indexes and percent changes for intermediate demand by production flow(1) [Nov. 2009=100, unless otherwise indicated]
Grouping Other
index
base
Relative
Importance
Dec.
2020(2)
Unadjusted index Unadjusted percent
change to Mar. 2021
from:
Seasonally adjusted
percent change from:
Nov.
2020(3)
Feb.
2021(3)
Mar.
2021(3)
Mar.
2020
Feb.
2021
Dec. to
Jan.
Jan. to
Feb.
Feb. to
Mar.

Stage 4

Stage 4 intermediate demand

  100.000 121.0 125.2 126.6 6.6 1.1 1.4 1.1 1.2

Inputs to stage 4 goods producers

  31.813 117.4 121.8 123.0 6.9 1.0 1.3 1.7 1.0

Goods

  22.301 112.6 116.5 118.2 5.7 1.5 1.3 1.4 1.5

Foods

  3.006 117.1 125.8 126.0 12.6 0.2 4.0 2.3 0.5

Energy

  0.162 108.1 116.6 123.7 16.5 6.1 3.7 2.9 4.2

Goods excluding foods and energy

  19.133 112.1 115.2 117.0 4.6 1.6 1.0 1.2 1.6

Services

  9.512 132.5 139.0 138.7 10.3 -0.2 1.2 2.4 -0.2

Trade services

  7.469 138.7 146.0 145.5 11.9 -0.3 0.8 3.1 -0.3

Transportation and warehousing services

  0.478 115.8 116.3 118.2 -0.6 1.6 0.8 1.0 1.3

Transportation of passengers

  0.060 99.0 96.1 100.0 -8.6 4.1 0.4 3.6 1.1

Transportation and warehousing of goods

  0.418 125.3 128.0 129.5 4.4 1.2 0.6 0.7 1.2

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

  1.565 112.3 116.3 116.5 3.6 0.2 2.7 0.0 0.2

Inputs to stage 4 services producers

  54.448 122.6 125.8 126.9 4.9 0.9 1.3 0.6 1.0

Goods

  13.832 118.0 120.3 123.4 6.9 2.6 0.4 1.5 2.5

Foods

  2.304 125.5 125.8 128.6 7.8 2.2 -0.5 3.3 1.6

Energy

  3.591 103.6 108.3 115.7 14.7 6.8 -0.3 2.6 6.9

Goods excluding foods and energy

  7.937 122.2 124.4 125.4 3.7 0.8 0.7 0.4 0.7

Services

  40.527 124.2 127.6 128.1 4.2 0.4 1.6 0.3 0.5

Trade services

  4.554 128.2 130.6 130.8 6.0 0.2 -0.3 1.2 0.2

Transportation and warehousing services

  3.246 122.8 125.1 126.1 2.2 0.8 0.2 1.4 0.6

Transportation of passengers

  0.383 98.9 96.0 99.9 -8.5 4.1 0.4 3.6 1.1

Transportation and warehousing of goods

  2.863 127.5 130.8 131.3 4.0 0.4 0.2 1.1 0.5

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

  32.727 123.3 126.9 127.4 4.1 0.4 2.0 0.2 0.4

Construction

  0.089 119.7 120.2 120.1 0.4 -0.1 0.2 0.3 -0.1

Inputs to stage 4 construction producers

  13.738 122.6 129.2 132.6 11.8 2.6 1.9 2.1 2.3

Goods

  9.594 120.9 128.6 132.8 13.0 3.3 2.2 2.2 2.9

Energy

  0.597 79.7 106.9 122.2 67.9 14.3 15.0 12.6 9.1

Goods excluding foods and energy

  8.997 128.4 133.7 136.9 9.0 2.4 1.3 1.4 2.3

Services

  4.144 126.0 130.2 131.4 9.0 0.9 1.3 1.7 1.0

Trade services

  1.921 132.9 139.6 141.4 15.5 1.3 1.4 3.0 1.5

Transportation and warehousing services

  0.598 124.2 127.4 129.5 5.2 1.6 1.6 0.4 1.6

Transportation of passengers

  0.012 102.6 100.3 104.3 -6.5 4.0 0.3 3.6 1.2

Transportation and warehousing of goods

  0.586 125.3 128.8 130.8 5.7 1.6 1.6 0.4 1.6

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

  1.625 117.6 119.2 119.4 0.6 0.2 0.8 0.6 0.2

Stage 3

Stage 3 intermediate demand

  100.000 115.7 121.2 124.7 9.4 2.9 1.2 2.2 2.8

Inputs to stage 3 goods producers

  46.816 120.1 125.9 131.0 12.4 4.1 0.9 3.3 3.7

Goods

  37.067 115.9 121.4 127.3 13.0 4.9 0.5 3.8 4.5

Foods

  12.064 129.8 127.1 129.8 7.7 2.1 -4.7 4.3 1.2

Energy

  1.233 91.3 107.4 114.8 25.5 6.9 3.7 11.3 6.7

Goods excluding foods and energy

  23.770 114.2 122.7 130.2 15.0 6.1 2.8 3.1 5.9

Services

  9.749 129.3 135.3 136.8 10.0 1.1 2.5 1.3 1.0

Trade services

  5.676 130.6 137.9 139.2 11.6 0.9 2.4 2.1 1.1

Transportation and warehousing services

  2.629 124.3 126.9 129.0 2.4 1.7 1.5 0.4 1.5

Transportation of passengers

  0.115 104.4 102.4 106.5 -5.8 4.0 0.4 3.5 1.2

Transportation and warehousing of goods

  2.514 125.3 128.1 130.1 2.8 1.6 1.7 0.2 1.6

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

  1.444 115.0 116.4 116.7 2.2 0.3 0.8 0.3 0.2

Inputs to stage 3 services producers

  51.775 112.3 117.5 119.5 5.9 1.7 1.3 1.3 1.9

Goods

  9.295 81.4 93.3 100.7 18.8 7.9 1.1 5.3 8.0

Foods

  0.097 145.9 137.7 138.2 4.1 0.4 2.6 1.2 0.4

Energy

  4.952 69.3 86.0 96.9 31.3 12.7 2.0 9.3 12.6

Goods excluding foods and energy

  4.246 109.7 112.2 114.5 3.9 2.0 1.0 0.6 2.0

Services

  41.485 121.6 124.8 125.2 3.3 0.3 1.5 0.4 0.4

Trade services

  2.744 147.3 149.0 150.7 7.5 1.1 2.0 -1.5 1.1

Transportation and warehousing services

  9.018 136.6 140.4 141.1 3.8 0.5 0.2 2.0 0.4

Transportation of passengers

  0.025 102.4 100.4 100.6 -9.9 0.2 1.8 0.8 0.3

Transportation and warehousing of goods

  8.993 137.0 140.8 141.5 3.8 0.5 0.1 2.1 0.4

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

  29.723 116.7 119.7 120.0 2.6 0.3 1.8 0.1 0.3

Construction

  0.995 119.7 120.2 120.1 0.4 -0.1 0.2 0.3 -0.1

Inputs to stage 3 construction producers

  1.410 109.5 121.1 124.1 25.4 2.5 2.7 2.7 2.4

Goods

  0.561 98.8 110.1 113.9 28.3 3.5 3.1 1.6 3.4

Goods excluding foods and energy

  0.561 133.5 140.4 145.2 13.6 3.4 2.1 1.7 3.4

Services

  0.849 138.9 147.7 150.5 17.4 1.9 1.8 4.1 1.8

Trade services

  0.803 142.7 152.4 155.3 19.0 1.9 1.8 4.3 1.8

Transportation and warehousing services

  0.016 99.0 95.5 97.0 -11.3 1.6 0.7 1.2 1.6

Transportation and warehousing of goods

12/20

0.016 - 100.7 102.3 - 1.6 0.3 0.4 1.6

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

  0.030 105.6 106.8 107.1 -0.5 0.3 0.8 0.4 0.3

Stage 2

Stage 2 intermediate demand

  100.000 105.5 112.3 117.5 16.7 4.6 2.7 2.0 4.5

Inputs to stage 2 goods producers

  50.077 91.2 101.5 110.1 33.8 8.5 4.0 3.7 8.4

Goods

  36.565 85.5 97.9 109.0 44.2 11.3 5.4 4.7 11.1

Foods

  3.426 127.6 146.6 150.1 33.3 2.4 8.4 2.0 1.7

Energy

  14.550 55.1 68.0 82.6 105.0 21.5 5.8 10.2 21.5

Goods excluding foods and energy

  18.589 112.6 121.7 127.1 14.8 4.4 4.3 1.2 4.0

Services

  12.990 123.6 124.4 124.7 1.5 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.3

Trade services

  5.848 136.0 137.8 137.8 5.2 0.0 1.0 0.2 0.0

Transportation and warehousing services

  3.722 142.2 142.6 143.9 1.6 0.9 0.1 0.8 0.9

Transportation of passengers

  0.156 101.0 98.5 102.1 -7.9 3.7 0.5 3.3 1.1

Transportation and warehousing of goods

  3.566 144.6 145.2 146.4 2.4 0.8 0.1 0.6 0.9

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

  3.420 110.6 112.7 112.7 2.2 0.0 0.8 0.1 0.4

Construction

  0.522 119.7 120.2 120.1 0.4 -0.1 0.2 0.3 -0.1

Inputs to stage 2 services producers

  49.923 119.5 122.3 122.9 3.5 0.5 1.3 0.3 0.5

Goods

  5.821 112.3 116.7 119.5 8.2 2.4 1.0 1.8 2.1

Foods

  0.033 101.9 110.0 111.1 18.2 1.0 1.8 3.1 0.9

Energy

  0.308 96.5 106.5 117.5 32.0 10.3 -5.0 10.5 9.5

Goods excluding foods and energy

  5.480 113.8 117.7 120.0 6.6 2.0 1.3 1.3 1.8

Services

  42.357 120.2 123.0 123.2 3.1 0.2 1.5 0.2 0.2

Trade services

  2.602 141.1 141.9 141.2 11.9 -0.5 -1.9 2.2 -0.6

Transportation and warehousing services

  2.817 123.5 128.1 128.8 3.4 0.5 -1.5 5.6 0.2

Transportation of passengers

  0.351 99.6 96.8 100.6 -8.4 3.9 0.4 3.6 1.2

Transportation and warehousing of goods

  2.466 128.5 134.4 134.6 5.3 0.1 -1.9 5.9 0.0

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

  36.938 119.9 122.8 123.0 3.1 0.2 1.9 -0.3 0.3

Construction

  1.745 119.7 120.2 120.1 0.4 -0.1 0.2 0.3 -0.1

Stage 1

Stage 1 intermediate demand

  100.000 113.6 120.3 123.4 11.2 2.6 1.7 1.9 2.5

Inputs to stage 1 goods producers

  31.992 108.8 118.9 123.7 17.8 4.0 2.9 2.6 3.9

Goods

  22.374 103.9 115.6 122.0 22.5 5.5 3.4 2.8 5.4

Foods

  2.987 120.0 138.4 139.6 26.4 0.9 8.5 2.8 0.7

Energy

  3.198 89.1 94.8 101.6 28.0 7.2 -3.7 5.6 7.3

Goods excluding foods and energy

  16.189 107.7 119.6 127.1 20.8 6.3 3.9 2.3 5.9

Services

  9.617 125.6 131.2 131.5 6.3 0.2 2.1 1.8 0.2

Trade services

  5.985 133.1 140.5 140.7 9.2 0.1 2.1 2.6 0.3

Transportation and warehousing services

  0.506 120.4 119.4 122.4 -0.7 2.5 -0.7 0.5 2.1

Transportation of passengers

  0.081 99.0 96.1 100.0 -8.6 4.1 0.3 3.7 1.1

Transportation and warehousing of goods

  0.425 124.6 123.9 126.7 0.7 2.3 -0.9 -0.2 2.3

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

  3.126 98.5 100.4 100.4 -1.9 0.0 1.8 0.2 0.0

Construction

  0.001 119.7 120.2 120.1 0.4 -0.1 0.2 0.3 -0.1

Inputs to stage 1 services producers

  55.099 117.0 120.8 122.9 5.9 1.7 1.1 1.2 1.6

Goods

  17.108 105.9 113.6 118.0 16.8 3.9 1.5 2.8 3.9

Foods

  0.055 95.9 95.8 97.0 0.9 1.3 0.1 -0.1 1.3

Energy

  5.088 97.4 113.3 125.0 41.1 10.3 3.9 7.5 10.4

Goods excluding foods and energy

  11.965 118.0 120.1 121.3 3.3 1.0 0.4 0.7 1.0

Services

  37.986 122.3 124.2 125.1 1.2 0.7 1.0 0.4 0.5

Trade services

  3.922 132.0 135.0 136.0 7.4 0.7 1.1 0.5 0.7

Transportation and warehousing services

  3.692 115.4 115.2 117.2 -3.9 1.7 1.3 1.6 1.1

Transportation of passengers

  1.048 98.9 96.1 99.9 -8.6 4.0 0.4 3.6 1.2

Transportation and warehousing of goods

  2.644 134.5 137.9 139.3 4.4 1.0 1.4 0.7 1.2

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

  30.372 121.4 123.2 123.9 0.5 0.6 0.8 0.3 0.4

Construction

  0.005 119.7 120.2 120.1 0.4 -0.1 0.2 0.3 -0.1

Inputs to stage 1 construction producers

  12.909 124.5 131.1 134.4 11.7 2.5 1.2 2.7 2.5

Goods

  8.316 120.4 126.4 130.0 10.1 2.8 1.1 2.0 2.9

Energy

  0.643 76.4 96.0 108.8 44.1 13.3 2.0 13.3 14.2

Goods excluding foods and energy

  7.673 128.2 132.3 134.8 7.2 1.9 1.0 1.0 1.9

Services

  4.593 132.7 140.5 143.1 15.0 1.9 1.6 3.8 1.8

Trade services

  3.920 138.4 147.5 150.3 19.0 1.9 1.4 4.5 1.8

Transportation and warehousing services

  0.610 103.5 104.6 106.5 -4.0 1.8 1.5 1.2 1.8

Transportation and warehousing of goods

  0.610 106.0 108.2 110.1 -2.1 1.8 1.0 1.4 1.8

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

  0.063 118.4 119.2 120.1 1.0 0.8 0.1 0.5 0.8

Special groupings

Total goods inputs to stage 4 intermediate demand

04/10

45.727 113.4 117.6 120.1 7.7 2.1 1.2 1.6 2.0

Total services inputs to stage 4 intermediate demand

04/10

54.183 125.1 129.1 129.5 5.7 0.3 1.4 0.9 0.4

Total construction inputs to stage 4 intermediate demand

04/10

0.089 118.7 119.2 119.1 0.4 -0.1 0.2 0.3 -0.1

Total foods inputs to stage 4 intermediate demand

04/10

5.310 118.2 123.1 124.3 10.4 1.0 2.0 2.8 0.9

Total energy goods inputs to stage 4 intermediate demand

04/10

4.350 90.5 99.4 107.4 23.9 8.0 2.2 4.2 7.1

Total goods less foods and energy inputs to stage 4 intermediate demand

04/10

36.067 117.0 120.4 122.4 5.6 1.7 1.0 1.0 1.7

Total goods inputs to stage 3 intermediate demand

04/10

46.923 101.5 108.5 114.4 14.6 5.4 0.7 4.1 5.2

Total services inputs to stage 3 intermediate demand

04/10

52.083 121.9 125.6 126.2 4.7 0.5 1.7 0.6 0.6

Total construction inputs to stage 3 intermediate demand

04/10

0.995 118.7 119.2 119.1 0.4 -0.1 0.2 0.3 -0.1

Total foods inputs to stage 3 intermediate demand

04/10

12.161 115.6 113.2 115.6 7.7 2.1 -4.7 4.3 1.2

Total energy goods inputs to stage 3 intermediate demand

04/10

6.185 71.4 87.8 97.9 33.4 11.5 2.9 9.7 11.3

Total goods less foods and energy inputs to stage 3 intermediate demand

04/10

28.577 109.0 116.2 122.6 13.4 5.5 2.6 2.7 5.3

Total goods inputs to stage 2 intermediate demand

04/10

42.386 83.9 95.0 104.8 39.4 10.3 4.8 4.4 10.0

Total services inputs to stage 2 intermediate demand

04/10

55.347 121.4 123.7 124.0 2.7 0.2 1.1 0.2 0.2

Total construction inputs to stage 2 intermediate demand

04/10

2.267 118.7 119.2 119.1 0.4 -0.1 0.2 0.3 -0.1

Total foods inputs to stage 2 intermediate demand

04/10

3.459 128.0 147.0 150.5 33.2 2.4 8.3 2.0 1.7

Total energy goods inputs to stage 2 intermediate demand

04/10

14.858 54.4 67.1 81.3 102.7 21.2 5.7 10.0 21.3

Total goods less foods and energy inputs to stage 2 intermediate demand

04/10

24.069 106.3 113.9 118.3 13.0 3.9 3.7 1.2 3.5

Total goods inputs to stage 1 intermediate demand

04/10

47.798 95.0 103.7 108.4 19.0 4.5 2.3 2.8 4.5

Total services inputs to stage 1 intermediate demand

04/10

52.196 122.7 125.9 126.7 3.3 0.6 1.4 1.0 0.5

Total construction inputs to stage 1 intermediate demand

04/10

0.006 118.7 119.2 119.1 0.4 -0.1 0.2 0.3 -0.1

Total foods inputs to stage 1 intermediate demand

04/10

3.042 112.5 129.4 130.5 25.7 0.9 8.3 2.7 0.7

Total energy goods inputs to stage 1 intermediate demand

04/10

8.929 89.0 100.8 110.4 37.1 9.5 1.2 7.3 9.6

Total goods less foods and energy inputs to stage 1 intermediate demand

04/10

35.827 94.5 101.5 105.1 13.4 3.5 2.0 1.7 3.4

Footnotes
(1) Further information about the Final Demand-Intermediate Demand Aggregation system is available online at https://www.bls.gov/ppi/fdidaggregation.htm
(2) Comprehensive relative importance figures are initially computed after the publication of December indexes and are recalculated after final December indexes are available. Individual items and subtotals may not add exactly to totals because of rounding differences.
(3) The indexes for November 2020 have been recalculated to incorporate late reports and corrections by respondents. All indexes are subject to revision 4 months after original publication.

"-" Data not available.

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Last Modified Date: April 09, 2021