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Table 3. Producer price indexes and percent changes for intermediate demand by production flow

Table 3. Producer price indexes and percent changes for intermediate demand by production flow(1) [Nov. 2009=100, unless otherwise indicated]
Grouping Other
index
base
Relative
Importance
Dec.
2020(2)
Unadjusted index Unadjusted percent
change to Aug. 2021
from:
Seasonally adjusted
percent change from:
Apr.
2021(3)
July
2021(3)
Aug.
2021(3)
Aug.
2020
July
2021
May to
June
June to
July
July to
Aug.

Stage 4

Stage 4 intermediate demand

  100.000 128.6 133.1 134.2 12.1 0.8 1.1 1.1 0.8

Inputs to stage 4 goods producers

  31.937 126.1 130.8 132.7 14.7 1.5 0.9 1.7 1.8

Goods

  22.264 121.1 126.5 128.1 14.7 1.3 1.0 1.4 1.5

Foods

  2.970 130.5 136.1 138.4 24.9 1.7 -1.3 -1.1 3.5

Energy

  0.161 125.8 134.3 134.0 17.0 -0.2 1.7 2.2 0.4

Goods excluding foods and energy

  19.133 119.7 125.1 126.5 13.5 1.1 1.3 1.9 1.1

Services

  9.673 142.5 145.1 148.3 15.5 2.2 0.5 2.5 2.3

Trade services

  7.630 150.3 153.1 157.3 17.9 2.7 0.5 3.1 2.7

Transportation and warehousing services

  0.477 120.2 123.9 125.8 10.3 1.5 0.9 1.4 1.9

Transportation of passengers

  0.061 108.3 118.0 125.3 27.7 6.2 2.5 9.2 8.9

Transportation and warehousing of goods

  0.416 130.4 133.3 134.2 9.0 0.7 0.6 0.2 0.7

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

  1.566 117.3 118.3 118.4 4.9 0.1 0.2 0.5 0.0

Inputs to stage 4 services producers

  54.335 127.8 131.1 131.7 8.3 0.5 0.7 0.8 0.5

Goods

  13.790 123.7 130.6 131.5 11.8 0.7 1.3 0.4 0.9

Foods

  2.286 133.7 138.0 141.7 17.2 2.7 2.0 -3.2 2.9

Energy

  3.602 111.0 124.5 124.0 13.0 -0.4 1.6 1.9 0.0

Goods excluding foods and energy

  7.902 127.0 131.2 132.1 8.8 0.7 1.2 0.8 0.7

Services

  40.456 129.2 131.1 131.6 7.1 0.4 0.5 0.9 0.3

Trade services

  4.563 133.8 136.1 138.4 9.0 1.7 0.5 1.9 1.7

Transportation and warehousing services

  3.239 128.6 132.1 133.0 10.0 0.7 1.3 1.5 1.1

Transportation of passengers

  0.389 108.0 117.7 124.8 27.3 6.0 2.5 9.1 8.8

Transportation and warehousing of goods

  2.850 132.7 135.1 134.8 7.5 -0.2 1.1 0.4 -0.1

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

  32.654 128.1 129.8 130.1 6.6 0.2 0.3 0.7 0.1

Construction

  0.089 121.6 125.3 125.7 5.2 0.3 3.5 -0.3 0.3

Inputs to stage 4 construction producers

  13.727 136.3 145.6 145.7 20.3 0.1 3.1 1.0 0.3

Goods

  9.555 136.5 146.6 146.4 22.4 -0.1 3.1 1.0 0.1

Energy

  0.596 123.5 140.8 138.0 76.5 -2.0 1.9 4.5 -0.6

Goods excluding foods and energy

  8.959 141.0 150.5 150.7 18.6 0.1 3.2 0.7 0.1

Services

  4.172 135.1 142.6 143.3 15.5 0.5 2.9 1.3 0.5

Trade services

  1.945 148.7 164.0 165.0 26.3 0.6 5.8 2.3 0.7

Transportation and warehousing services

  0.596 131.4 135.6 136.9 12.3 1.0 0.4 0.6 1.0

Transportation of passengers

  0.012 112.9 123.0 130.6 28.3 6.2 2.5 9.1 8.9

Transportation and warehousing of goods

  0.584 132.5 136.7 137.8 12.1 0.8 0.4 0.4 0.8

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

  1.631 119.9 120.3 120.4 3.3 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1

Stage 3

Stage 3 intermediate demand

  100.000 128.6 135.1 135.9 20.2 0.6 2.1 1.1 1.0

Inputs to stage 3 goods producers

  46.783 138.7 148.1 150.6 30.4 1.7 2.8 1.2 2.6

Goods

  36.932 136.0 145.6 147.8 33.3 1.5 2.9 1.1 2.6

Foods

  11.807 145.7 150.5 150.1 29.3 -0.3 1.8 -2.2 3.3

Energy

  1.229 119.2 130.0 129.3 39.2 -0.5 0.7 2.5 -0.6

Goods excluding foods and energy

  23.896 135.9 147.9 151.5 34.9 2.4 3.5 2.7 2.4

Services

  9.851 139.8 147.9 151.5 20.1 2.4 2.8 1.5 2.4

Trade services

  5.778 143.3 154.9 160.3 26.3 3.5 4.3 2.1 3.4

Transportation and warehousing services

  2.630 131.1 135.3 136.7 10.5 1.0 0.7 0.7 1.2

Transportation of passengers

  0.117 115.3 125.6 133.4 28.6 6.2 2.5 9.2 8.8

Transportation and warehousing of goods

  2.513 131.8 135.6 136.6 9.5 0.7 0.5 0.4 0.7

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

  1.443 117.5 118.7 119.1 3.8 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.3

Inputs to stage 3 services producers

  51.802 120.2 124.0 123.5 10.6 -0.4 1.2 1.0 -0.4

Goods

  9.293 98.9 109.4 108.6 30.1 -0.7 1.1 2.8 -0.5

Foods

  0.097 138.7 139.7 139.8 0.4 0.1 0.4 0.1 0.1

Energy

  4.955 93.1 107.7 105.6 46.5 -1.9 0.5 4.4 -1.5

Goods excluding foods and energy

  4.241 116.0 120.6 121.8 10.9 1.0 1.8 0.8 1.0

Services

  41.514 126.6 128.3 127.9 6.4 -0.3 1.1 0.5 -0.5

Trade services

  2.761 154.0 161.3 162.3 11.2 0.6 2.5 2.0 0.7

Transportation and warehousing services

  9.008 144.7 150.6 151.2 13.3 0.4 3.4 -0.4 0.4

Transportation of passengers

  0.025 100.8 101.0 101.2 -0.4 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.5

Transportation and warehousing of goods

  8.983 145.1 151.1 151.6 13.4 0.3 3.3 -0.4 0.4

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

  29.745 120.7 120.9 120.1 3.7 -0.7 0.3 0.7 -0.8

Construction

  0.995 121.6 125.3 125.7 5.2 0.3 3.5 -0.3 0.3

Inputs to stage 3 construction producers

  1.416 131.3 143.9 137.2 28.8 -4.7 5.6 0.6 -4.4

Goods

  0.560 118.2 127.0 124.6 30.5 -1.9 3.6 0.2 -1.7

Goods excluding foods and energy

  0.560 150.6 161.8 158.8 21.0 -1.9 3.6 0.2 -1.7

Services

  0.856 161.2 179.0 167.5 21.7 -6.4 7.0 0.9 -6.0

Trade services

  0.810 166.9 186.1 173.6 22.9 -6.7 7.3 0.9 -6.3

Transportation and warehousing services

  0.016 97.3 99.1 99.8 1.7 0.7 1.4 -0.2 0.7

Transportation and warehousing of goods

12/20

0.016 102.7 104.6 105.4 - 0.8 1.5 -0.2 0.8

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

  0.030 107.8 109.6 110.1 3.7 0.5 0.3 0.9 0.4

Stage 2

Stage 2 intermediate demand

  100.000 115.5 123.1 123.6 21.8 0.4 2.1 1.7 0.4

Inputs to stage 2 goods producers

  50.197 105.1 116.5 116.9 38.7 0.3 2.9 2.6 0.6

Goods

  36.665 101.9 116.1 116.3 49.3 0.2 3.4 3.4 0.4

Foods

  3.401 150.3 155.5 152.6 42.6 -1.9 -4.2 -1.5 0.6

Energy

  14.616 68.7 85.1 85.1 84.2 0.0 5.9 6.9 0.0

Goods excluding foods and energy

  18.648 130.3 140.3 141.5 28.9 0.9 2.7 1.1 0.9

Services

  13.012 126.9 129.1 130.3 6.8 0.9 1.1 0.5 0.8

Trade services

  5.888 140.8 143.7 145.7 9.7 1.4 1.4 0.8 1.4

Transportation and warehousing services

  3.711 146.1 149.2 150.1 7.5 0.6 1.2 0.1 0.7

Transportation of passengers

  0.157 109.9 119.1 126.0 25.7 5.8 2.4 8.5 8.2

Transportation and warehousing of goods

  3.554 148.3 151.0 151.4 6.8 0.3 1.2 -0.3 0.3

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

  3.413 113.9 115.0 115.3 4.4 0.3 0.3 0.6 -0.1

Construction

  0.520 121.6 125.3 125.7 5.2 0.3 3.5 -0.3 0.3

Inputs to stage 2 services producers

  49.801 124.7 127.4 127.8 8.0 0.3 1.3 0.6 0.2

Goods

  5.802 121.8 129.5 130.3 17.2 0.6 1.4 1.7 0.7

Foods

  0.033 114.3 118.5 117.9 47.0 -0.5 1.4 0.3 -0.4

Energy

  0.306 114.5 136.9 133.7 39.9 -2.3 -5.8 9.8 -1.4

Goods excluding foods and energy

  5.463 122.6 129.4 130.4 15.3 0.8 1.8 1.3 0.9

Services

  42.261 125.0 126.8 127.2 6.9 0.3 1.0 0.6 0.1

Trade services

  2.599 147.5 146.8 149.1 4.3 1.6 1.9 1.2 1.6

Transportation and warehousing services

  2.809 137.2 152.5 154.5 27.0 1.3 7.9 -0.3 1.6

Transportation of passengers

  0.356 108.8 118.5 125.7 27.4 6.1 2.5 9.0 8.8

Transportation and warehousing of goods

  2.453 143.0 159.5 160.4 26.8 0.6 8.7 -1.5 0.5

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

  36.853 124.1 125.1 125.2 5.5 0.1 0.5 0.5 -0.1

Construction

  1.738 121.6 125.3 125.7 5.2 0.3 3.5 -0.3 0.3

Stage 1

Stage 1 intermediate demand

  100.000 125.6 133.4 134.2 21.1 0.6 1.6 1.9 0.9

Inputs to stage 1 goods producers

  32.075 127.7 138.8 141.4 35.6 1.9 2.0 2.4 2.2

Goods

  22.378 126.5 139.0 141.2 43.1 1.6 1.7 2.7 2.1

Foods

  2.960 144.8 154.5 156.0 54.6 1.0 -3.7 -1.8 3.8

Energy

  3.186 99.0 113.1 112.0 31.3 -1.0 -3.1 6.4 -0.4

Goods excluding foods and energy

  16.232 133.1 146.2 149.3 44.3 2.1 3.6 2.9 2.3

Services

  9.696 134.4 141.6 145.4 17.5 2.7 2.8 1.4 2.6

Trade services

  6.079 144.6 155.7 161.8 24.2 3.9 4.1 2.0 3.9

Transportation and warehousing services

  0.505 124.4 128.1 130.8 9.4 2.1 3.3 0.6 2.6

Transportation of passengers

  0.082 108.2 118.0 125.2 27.6 6.1 2.6 9.2 8.8

Transportation and warehousing of goods

  0.423 127.1 129.2 130.7 5.6 1.2 3.4 -1.1 1.2

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

  3.112 101.6 102.8 102.8 3.2 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.1

Construction

  0.001 121.6 125.3 125.7 5.2 0.3 3.5 -0.3 0.3

Inputs to stage 1 services producers

  55.036 123.7 128.9 129.3 11.6 0.3 0.9 1.9 0.5

Goods

  17.049 117.2 125.4 125.6 19.2 0.2 1.0 1.9 0.3

Foods

  0.055 98.6 99.1 99.8 5.2 0.7 0.8 -0.4 0.7

Energy

  5.079 119.6 136.4 134.7 39.0 -1.2 0.2 3.3 -0.9

Goods excluding foods and energy

  11.915 122.7 127.1 128.3 9.3 0.9 1.4 1.1 1.0

Services

  37.982 126.7 130.4 130.9 8.2 0.4 0.9 1.8 0.6

Trade services

  3.936 140.7 145.0 146.7 12.3 1.2 1.8 2.0 1.2

Transportation and warehousing services

  3.705 120.4 125.1 127.7 12.9 2.1 1.2 3.1 3.0

Transportation of passengers

  1.061 108.2 117.9 125.2 27.6 6.2 2.5 9.2 8.9

Transportation and warehousing of goods

  2.644 140.1 142.3 142.6 9.9 0.2 0.7 0.4 0.4

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

  30.341 124.9 128.3 128.5 6.9 0.2 0.7 1.8 0.2

Construction

  0.005 121.6 125.3 125.7 5.2 0.3 3.5 -0.3 0.3

Inputs to stage 1 construction producers

  12.890 138.6 149.7 147.5 19.7 -1.5 3.6 1.4 -1.2

Goods

  8.268 131.8 140.9 141.6 18.8 0.5 2.2 1.7 0.5

Energy

  0.641 104.0 120.0 117.3 52.1 -2.3 -1.6 4.1 -2.0

Goods excluding foods and energy

  7.627 137.5 145.9 147.0 16.1 0.8 2.6 1.5 0.8

Services

  4.622 152.1 166.9 159.2 21.2 -4.6 5.9 1.0 -4.2

Trade services

  3.948 161.0 178.3 168.7 23.5 -5.4 6.8 1.1 -5.0

Transportation and warehousing services

  0.610 108.1 111.9 112.9 7.7 0.9 0.5 0.4 0.9

Transportation and warehousing of goods

  0.610 111.9 115.8 116.8 8.0 0.9 0.5 0.4 0.9

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

  0.064 120.5 121.2 121.3 3.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.1

Special groupings

Total goods inputs to stage 4 intermediate demand

04/10

45.609 122.4 129.0 130.0 15.5 0.8 1.5 1.1 0.9

Total services inputs to stage 4 intermediate demand

04/10

54.301 131.2 133.7 134.6 9.2 0.7 0.6 1.2 0.7

Total construction inputs to stage 4 intermediate demand

04/10

0.089 120.6 124.3 124.6 5.1 0.2 3.4 -0.2 0.2

Total foods inputs to stage 4 intermediate demand

04/10

5.256 128.9 133.9 136.7 21.1 2.1 0.1 -2.0 3.2

Total energy goods inputs to stage 4 intermediate demand

04/10

4.359 104.1 116.9 116.1 23.8 -0.7 1.7 2.3 -0.1

Total goods less foods and energy inputs to stage 4 intermediate demand

04/10

35.994 125.1 131.1 132.2 13.8 0.8 1.8 1.3 0.8

Total goods inputs to stage 3 intermediate demand

04/10

46.785 120.1 129.4 130.7 32.7 1.0 2.4 1.5 1.9

Total services inputs to stage 3 intermediate demand

04/10

52.221 128.1 131.2 131.3 9.3 0.1 1.6 0.8 0.0

Total construction inputs to stage 3 intermediate demand

04/10

0.995 120.6 124.3 124.6 5.1 0.2 3.4 -0.2 0.2

Total foods inputs to stage 3 intermediate demand

04/10

11.904 129.6 133.8 133.5 29.1 -0.2 1.9 -2.3 3.3

Total energy goods inputs to stage 3 intermediate demand

04/10

6.184 95.4 109.1 107.3 46.4 -1.6 0.6 4.0 -1.4

Total goods less foods and energy inputs to stage 3 intermediate demand

04/10

28.697 127.4 137.8 140.8 31.2 2.2 3.2 2.5 2.2

Total goods inputs to stage 2 intermediate demand

04/10

42.467 98.9 111.8 112.1 45.0 0.3 3.2 3.1 0.5

Total services inputs to stage 2 intermediate demand

04/10

55.273 125.9 127.8 128.4 6.9 0.5 1.1 0.5 0.3

Total construction inputs to stage 2 intermediate demand

04/10

2.258 120.6 124.3 124.6 5.1 0.2 3.4 -0.2 0.2

Total foods inputs to stage 2 intermediate demand

04/10

3.434 150.8 156.0 153.0 42.7 -1.9 -4.2 -1.6 0.6

Total energy goods inputs to stage 2 intermediate demand

04/10

14.922 67.8 83.9 83.8 82.6 -0.1 5.8 6.9 0.0

Total goods less foods and energy inputs to stage 2 intermediate demand

04/10

24.111 121.2 130.0 131.1 25.9 0.8 2.6 1.1 0.9

Total goods inputs to stage 1 intermediate demand

04/10

47.695 110.4 119.7 120.9 31.8 1.0 1.6 2.2 1.3

Total services inputs to stage 1 intermediate demand

04/10

52.300 129.1 134.3 134.8 11.1 0.4 1.7 1.7 0.5

Total construction inputs to stage 1 intermediate demand

04/10

0.006 120.6 124.3 124.6 5.1 0.2 3.4 -0.2 0.2

Total foods inputs to stage 1 intermediate demand

04/10

3.015 135.3 144.3 145.6 53.1 0.9 -3.6 -1.8 3.7

Total energy goods inputs to stage 1 intermediate demand

04/10

8.906 106.3 121.4 119.9 37.5 -1.2 -1.1 4.4 -0.8

Total goods less foods and energy inputs to stage 1 intermediate demand

04/10

35.774 108.4 116.1 117.8 28.5 1.5 2.7 2.0 1.6

Footnotes
(1) Further information about the Final Demand-Intermediate Demand Aggregation system is available online at https://www.bls.gov/ppi/fdidaggregation.htm
(2) Comprehensive relative importance figures are initially computed after the publication of December indexes and are recalculated after final December indexes are available. Individual items and subtotals may not add exactly to totals because of rounding differences.
(3) The indexes for April 2021 have been recalculated to incorporate late reports and corrections by respondents. All indexes are subject to revision 4 months after original publication.

"-" Data not available.

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Last Modified Date: September 10, 2021