Productivity and Costs by Industry: Manufacturing and Mining Industries News Release


For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Tuesday, May 9, 2017	                                                 USDL-17-0445

Technical Information:  (202) 691-5618  •  productivity@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/lpc 
Media Contact:          (202) 691-5902  •  PressOffice@bls.gov

PRODUCTIVITY AND COSTS BY INDUSTRY:
MANUFACTURING AND MINING INDUSTRIES -- 2016

Labor productivity rose in 31 of the 90 NAICS 4-digit manufacturing and mining industries in 2016, the U.S. 
Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. This was fewer than in 2015 when labor productivity rose in 41 
industries. Output and hours worked also increased in fewer industries in 2016 than in the previous year.
Unit labor costs, which reflect the total labor costs required to produce a unit of output, rose in 64 of the 86 
NAICS 4-digit manufacturing industries and in 1 of the 4 mining industries. Eighteen industries with 
productivity increases recorded declines in unit labor costs.

Trends in Labor Productivity in 2016

Manufacturing
*	Labor productivity increased in 5 of the 21 NAICS 3-digit manufacturing industries in 2016, 
as output increased in only 2 industries, and hours worked rose in 11 industries.
*	Labor productivity increased in 27 of the 86 NAICS 4-digit manufacturing industries in 2016, 
as output increased in 31 industries, and hours worked fell in 44 industries.
*	Productivity rose fastest in the agricultural chemicals industry, where output increased by 7.7 
percent and hours worked declined 5.9 percent.

Mining
*	Labor productivity increased in both measured NAICS 3-digit mining industries in 2016. 
Productivity rose 5.4 percent in oil and gas extraction and rose 4.3 percent in mining, except 
oil and gas. Both industries saw output decline less than hours worked. 
*	Productivity increased in all 4 of the NAICS 4-digit mining industries measured. Output fell 
in 3 of the industries, but hours worked declined at an even greater rate. 

Trends in Unit Labor Costs in 2016

Manufacturing
*	Employers face increased unit labor costs when hourly compensation gains outpace 
productivity. For NAICS 3-digit industries, unit labor costs increased in 18 of the 21 
manufacturing industries.
*	Of the 64 NAICS 4-digit manufacturing industries that had increases in unit labor costs, 
productivity growth was negative in almost four-fifths of them.

Mining
*	Unit labor costs declined in both measured NAICS 3-digit mining industries as productivity 
growth outpaced hourly compensation growth.
*	Unit labor costs fell in 3 of the 4 NAICS 4-digit mining industries measured, all 3 of which 
posted declining hourly compensation and increasing labor productivity. The only industry 
with an increase in unit labor costs was nonmetallic mineral mining and quarrying, which 
had more growth in hourly compensation than in productivity.

Long-term trends in Labor Productivity and Unit Labor Costs 

Over the entire 1987-2016 period, labor productivity rose in 85 of the 90 manufacturing and 
mining industries measured. 
*	Productivity growth in the 1987-2016 period was associated with output rising in 59 
manufacturing and mining industries, while hours worked increased in only 13.
*	Productivity increased in 48 industries in the more recent 2007-2016 period that 
included a severe recession. 
*	The 2007-2016 productivity increases are predominantly the result of a decline in hours 
worked, rather than an increase in output, as 72 industries experienced decreasing hours 
worked in this period compared to 19 industries that documented increasing output. 

From 1987 to 2016, unit labor costs increased in 79 of the 90 manufacturing and mining industries.
*	Among the NAICS 4-digit industries, unit labor costs fell in 11 of the 86 manufacturing 
industries from 1987 to 2016. None of the 4 mining industries saw declines in unit labor costs.
*	From 2007 to 2016, unit labor costs decreased in 10 of the 86 manufacturing industries. 
Computer and peripheral equipment was the only industry with declines in both labor 
productivity and unit labor costs, as hourly compensation fell faster than productivity. In mining, 
oil and gas extraction saw a decline in unit labor costs while the other 3 industries had gains.

Computer and peripheral equipment had the largest productivity gains and the largest unit labor cost 
declines during the 1987 to 2007 period, as well as for the whole 1987 to 2016 interval. However, 
between 2007 and 2016, magnetic media manufacturing and reproducing posted the greatest 
productivity growth, while leather and hide tanning and finishing saw the sharpest drop in unit labor 
costs.

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Technical Note

Labor Productivity: Labor productivity describes the relationship between real output and the labor 
hours involved in its production. These measures show the changes from period to period in the amount 
of goods and services produced per hour worked. Although the labor productivity measures relate output 
in an industry to hours worked of all persons in that industry, they do not measure the specific 
contribution of labor to growth in output. Rather, they reflect the joint effects of many influences, 
including: changes in technology; capital investment; utilization of capacity, energy, and materials; the 
use of purchased services inputs, including contract employment services; the organization of 
production; the characteristics and effort of the workforce; and managerial skill. 

Unit Labor Costs: Unit labor costs represent the cost of labor required to produce one unit of output. 
The unit labor cost indexes are computed by dividing an index of nominal industry labor compensation 
by an index of real industry output. Unit labor costs also describe the relationship between compensation 
per hour worked (hourly compensation) and real output per hour worked (labor productivity). When 
hourly compensation growth outpaces productivity, unit labor costs increase. Alternatively, when 
productivity growth exceeds hourly compensation, unit labor costs decrease. 

Output: Industry output is measured as an annual-weighted index of the changes in the various products 
(in real terms) provided for sale outside the industry. Real industry output is usually derived by deflating 
nominal sales or values of production using BLS price indexes, but for some industries it is measured by 
physical quantities of output. Industry output reflects sectoral value of production, derived by adjusting 
shipments for changes in inventories and removing intra-industry transactions. Industry output measures 
are constructed primarily using data from the economic censuses and annual surveys of the Census 
Bureau, U.S. Department of Commerce, together with data on price changes primarily from BLS. Data 
from the Bureau of Economic Analysis at the U.S. Department of Commerce is used in part to construct 
intra-industry transactions. Other data sources include the Energy Information Administration at the 
U.S. Department of Energy and the U.S. Geological Survey at the U.S. Department of the Interior. 
Manufacturing industry output for 2016 is constructed with data on industrial production from the 
Federal Reserve and BLS price indexes.

Labor Hours: Labor hours are measured as annual hours worked by all employed persons in an 
industry. Data on industry employment and hours come primarily from the BLS Current Employment 
Statistics (CES) survey and Current Population Survey (CPS). CES data on the number of total and 
production worker jobs held by wage and salary workers in nonfarm establishments are supplemented 
with CPS data on self-employed and unpaid family workers to estimate industry employment. Hours 
worked estimates are derived using CES and CPS employment, CES data on the average weekly hours 
paid of production workers, CPS data on hours of nonproduction, self-employed, and unpaid family 
workers, and ratios of hours worked to hours paid based on data from the National Compensation 
Survey (NCS). For some industries, employment and hours data are supplemented or further 
disaggregated using data from the BLS Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW), the 
Census Bureau, or other sources. Hours worked are estimated separately for different types of workers 
and then are directly aggregated; no adjustments for labor composition are made.
Labor Compensation: Labor compensation, defined as payroll plus supplemental payments, is a 
measure of the cost to the employer of securing the services of labor. Payroll includes salaries, wages, 
commissions, dismissal pay, bonuses, vacation and sick leave pay, and compensation in kind. 
Supplemental payments include both legally required expenditures and payments for voluntary 
programs. The legally required portion consists primarily of federal old age and survivors’ insurance, 
unemployment compensation, and workers’ compensation. Payments for voluntary programs include all 
programs not specifically required by legislation, such as the employer portion of private health 
insurance and pension plans. Industry compensation measures are constructed primarily using data from 
the BLS QCEW and the economic censuses of the Census Bureau at the U.S. Department of Commerce.






Table 1. Recent labor productivity, unit labor costs, and related data
Industry 2012 NAICS code 2016
Employment
(thousands)
Percent change, 2015-2016
Labor productivity Unit labor costs Output Hours
worked
Labor compensation

Mining

Mining

21

644.5 17.5 -15.2 -4.4 -18.6 -18.9

Oil and gas extraction

211

180.5 5.4 -6.2 -4.2 -9.1 -10.1

Oil and gas extraction

2111

180.5 5.4 -6.2 -4.2 -9.1 -10.1

Mining, except oil and gas

212

186.3 4.3 -6.2 -4.9 -8.8 -10.8

Coal mining

2121

50.5 9.5 -10.3 -19.6 -26.6 -27.9

Metal ore mining

2122

39.9 4.7 -7.0 -0.9 -5.4 -7.9

Nonmetallic mineral mining and quarrying

2123

95.9 2.0 0.3 4.4 2.3 4.7

Manufacturing

Food

311

1,589.1 -3.5 6.3 -0.3 3.3 5.9

Animal food

3111

58.4 -2.7 8.3 -5.7 -3.0 2.1

Grain and oilseed milling

3112

59.8 0.4 -0.2 2.4 2.0 2.3

Sugar and confectionery products

3113

78.0 -3.1 13.2 -6.0 -2.9 6.4

Fruit and vegetable preserving and specialty

3114

175.2 -8.0 4.9 -1.5 7.1 3.3

Dairy products

3115

141.6 -1.2 7.0 -1.9 -0.7 5.0

Animal slaughtering and processing

3116

499.7 -2.6 5.1 1.0 3.7 6.2

Seafood product preparation and packaging

3117

39.9 -9.4 -4.0 5.2 16.1 1.0

Bakeries and tortilla products

3118

327.4 -0.9 9.7 -2.9 -2.0 6.5

Other food products

3119

209.1 -8.5 7.3 3.5 13.2 11.1

Beverages and tobacco products

312

249.6 -10.2 13.4 -4.1 6.8 8.7

Beverages

3121

235.6 -9.7 14.6 -3.3 7.1 10.8

Tobacco

3122

14.0 -7.8 -4.4 -6.3 1.6 -10.5

Textile mills

313

119.3 6.6 2.7 -1.9 -8.0 0.7

Fiber, yarn, and thread mills

3131

29.6 6.7 0.4 0.5 -5.8 0.9

Fabric mills

3132

55.9 10.5 2.1 0.2 -9.4 2.3

Textile and fabric finishing mills

3133

33.8 0.4 5.5 -7.0 -7.4 -1.9

Textile product mills

314

133.2 -3.4 5.4 -0.7 2.8 4.7

Textile furnishings mills

3141

58.4 -2.0 6.9 -1.1 0.9 5.8

Other textile product mills

3149

74.8 -4.4 3.9 -0.2 4.4 3.7

Apparel

315

148.9 -1.0 13.9 -11.4 -10.6 0.9

Apparel knitting mills

3151

12.7 13.5 1.5 -4.4 -15.8 -2.9

Cut and sew apparel

3152

122.7 -1.4 15.9 -12.8 -11.5 1.1

Accessories and other apparel

3159

13.5 -13.2 11.9 -8.3 5.6 2.6

Leather and allied products

316

33.1 -5.0 5.8 -7.2 -2.3 -1.8

Leather and hide tanning and finishing

3161

5.2 -3.5 -22.8 -9.1 -5.8 -29.8

Footwear

3162

13.8 -3.3 9.6 -4.8 -1.6 4.3

Other leather products

3169

14.1 -6.3 20.6 -8.0 -1.9 10.9

Wood products

321

414.4 -0.8 4.7 2.1 2.9 6.8

Sawmills and wood preservation

3211

93.7 3.4 -0.6 3.2 -0.3 2.5

Plywood and engineered wood products

3212

78.7 -0.9 7.4 2.1 3.0 9.6

Other wood products

3219

242.0 -2.8 6.4 1.3 4.3 7.8

Paper

322

371.7 -0.4 2.7 -1.8 -1.4 0.8

Pulp, paper, and paperboard mills

3221

100.7 4.5 -0.2 -1.2 -5.5 -1.3

Converted paper products

3222

271.0 -2.4 4.2 -2.1 0.3 2.0

Printing and related support activities

323

466.3 2.2 2.8 -0.3 -2.5 2.5

Printing and related support activities

3231

466.3 2.2 2.8 -0.3 -2.5 2.5

Petroleum and coal products

324

112.9 4.3 -3.1 4.3 0.0 1.1

Petroleum and coal products

3241

112.9 4.3 -3.1 4.3 0.0 1.1

Chemicals

325

822.7 1.0 -0.8 -0.7 -1.7 -1.6

Basic chemicals

3251

148.8 2.0 -0.2 0.7 -1.3 0.5

Resin, rubber, and artificial fibers

3252

92.5 7.2 2.4 1.0 -5.8 3.4

Agricultural chemicals

3253

35.9 14.5 -11.0 7.7 -5.9 -4.1

Pharmaceuticals and medicines

3254

287.1 -4.0 -2.1 -3.3 0.8 -5.3

Paints, coatings, and adhesives

3255

64.2 0.6 0.8 0.8 0.1 1.6

Soaps, cleaning compounds, and toiletries

3256

110.8 1.6 6.4 -2.3 -3.9 4.0

Other chemical products and preparations

3259

83.4 -0.8 5.1 -3.1 -2.3 1.8

Plastics and rubber products

326

702.4 -2.6 7.9 -2.2 0.4 5.5

Plastics products

3261

568.4 -2.9 8.8 -2.3 0.7 6.4

Rubber products

3262

134.0 -1.1 4.3 -1.9 -0.8 2.3

Nonmetallic mineral products

327

426.4 -2.4 6.6 -0.3 2.2 6.3

Clay products and refractories

3271

46.4 7.1 2.5 -1.5 -8.0 0.9

Glass and glass products

3272

92.2 -0.6 8.7 -2.7 -2.0 5.8

Cement and concrete products

3273

194.5 -6.4 7.0 0.3 7.2 7.3

Lime and gypsum products

3274

14.6 5.6 2.9 4.3 -1.2 7.3

Other nonmetallic mineral products

3279

78.7 -1.6 7.0 -0.1 1.5 6.9

Primary metals

331

379.1 4.1 -3.9 -0.2 -4.1 -4.2

Iron and steel mills and ferroalloys

3311

84.0 8.0 -11.1 2.3 -5.3 -9.1

Steel products from purchased steel

3312

56.5 11.7 -6.3 1.5 -9.1 -4.9

Alumina and aluminum production

3313

59.4 -6.8 5.7 -6.1 0.8 -0.7

Other nonferrous metal production

3314

61.5 4.1 -3.8 3.5 -0.5 -0.4

Foundries

3315

117.7 -1.9 4.7 -7.1 -5.2 -2.6

Fabricated metal products

332

1,456.4 -2.0 4.5 -4.3 -2.3 -0.1

Forging and stamping

3321

98.5 -0.1 0.8 -1.9 -1.8 -1.2

Cutlery and handtools

3322

40.1 -6.2 3.1 -3.5 2.9 -0.5

Architectural and structural metals

3323

373.5 -5.8 9.9 -6.2 -0.4 3.1

Boilers, tanks, and shipping containers

3324

92.7 6.5 3.9 -5.0 -10.8 -1.3

Hardware

3325

25.6 -6.6 4.3 -2.8 4.1 1.4

Spring and wire products

3326

43.3 -2.9 4.3 -2.9 0.0 1.3

Machine shops and threaded products

3327

369.8 -2.1 4.0 -6.3 -4.3 -2.6

Coating, engraving, and heat treating metals

3328

138.1 2.6 -2.7 3.0 0.4 0.2

Other fabricated metal products

3329

274.8 -2.4 4.4 -4.4 -2.0 -0.2

Machinery

333

1,091.5 -0.7 0.1 -3.7 -3.0 -3.6

Agriculture, construction, and mining machinery

3331

209.9 5.0 -5.1 -9.0 -13.4 -13.7

Industrial machinery

3332

115.6 -1.4 1.3 1.9 3.4 3.3

Commercial and service industry machinery

3333

90.6 1.7 -4.9 4.1 2.4 -1.0

HVAC and commercial refrigeration equipment

3334

129.3 -0.6 1.0 2.5 3.1 3.5

Metalworking machinery

3335

183.8 -3.0 5.6 -5.6 -2.6 -0.3

Turbine and power transmission equipment

3336

99.1 -8.9 10.8 -12.0 -3.3 -2.5

Other general purpose machinery

3339

263.2 0.6 -2.7 -0.5 -1.1 -3.1

Computer and electronic products

334

1,058.5 -3.7 8.9 -3.6 0.1 5.0

Computer and peripheral equipment

3341

164.2 2.8 3.3 5.1 2.3 8.6

Communications equipment

3342

87.7 1.0 -1.1 -0.3 -1.2 -1.4

Audio and video equipment

3343

21.1 -17.7 9.6 -9.0 10.5 -0.4

Semiconductors and electronic components

3344

371.0 -4.9 13.3 -5.4 -0.6 7.2

Electronic instruments

3345

397.8 -4.3 7.9 -4.8 -0.5 2.8

Magnetic media manufacturing and reproducing

3346

16.7 -7.7 -5.9 -2.1 6.1 -7.9

Electrical equipment and appliances

335

387.0 -1.5 2.4 -0.5 1.0 1.9

Electric lighting equipment

3351

49.0 -1.7 0.7 6.9 8.8 7.7

Household appliances

3352

64.1 -5.7 -1.6 2.0 8.2 0.4

Electrical equipment

3353

140.7 -2.2 7.6 -7.3 -5.2 -0.2

Other electrical equipment and components

3359

133.2 -0.9 1.6 1.4 2.3 3.1

Transportation equipment

336

1,632.8 -3.9 6.1 -2.0 2.0 4.1

Motor vehicles

3361

209.1 -9.6 14.4 -2.1 8.3 11.9

Motor vehicle bodies and trailers

3362

152.3 0.0 6.7 0.7 0.7 7.5

Motor vehicle parts

3363

583.5 -1.0 3.4 2.5 3.5 6.0

Aerospace products and parts

3364

490.1 -5.0 6.3 -4.6 0.4 1.4

Railroad rolling stock

3365

27.0 3.2 -9.8 -2.1 -5.1 -11.6

Ship and boat building

3366

136.0 -0.8 5.2 -6.0 -5.2 -1.1

Other transportation equipment

3369

34.8 -5.2 2.3 -1.2 4.2 1.0

Furniture and related products

337

408.6 -2.3 8.8 -1.5 0.8 7.2

Household and institutional furniture

3371

261.0 -1.0 6.7 0.2 1.2 6.9

Office furniture and fixtures

3372

109.7 -2.8 11.9 -3.3 -0.4 8.3

Other furniture related products

3379

37.9 -5.4 9.0 -3.6 1.9 5.1

Miscellaneous manufacturing

339

647.7 -3.6 2.9 -1.3 2.3 1.6

Medical equipment and supplies

3391

317.1 -2.5 -0.5 0.8 3.4 0.3

Other miscellaneous manufacturing

3399

330.6 -5.2 8.1 -4.1 1.2 3.7



Table 2. Long run labor productivity, unit labor costs, and related data
Industry 2012 NAICS code 2016
Employment
(thousands)
Average annual percent change, 1987-2016
Labor productivity Unit labor costs Output Hours
worked
Labor compensation

Mining

Mining

21

644.5 1.1 2.8 1.0 -0.1 3.8

Oil and gas extraction

211

180.5 1.4 3.6 1.1 -0.3 4.7

Oil and gas extraction

2111

180.5 1.4 3.6 1.1 -0.3 4.7

Mining, except oil and gas

212

186.3 1.5 1.3 0.0 -1.5 1.4

Coal mining

2121

50.5 1.9 0.8 -1.7 -3.5 -0.9

Metal ore mining

2122

39.9 0.6 3.0 0.9 0.2 3.8

Nonmetallic mineral mining and quarrying

2123

95.9 1.4 1.8 1.0 -0.4 2.9

Support activities for mining(1)

213

383.7 1.4 3.3 4.0 2.5 7.3

Support activities for mining(1)

2131

383.7 1.4 3.3 4.0 2.5 7.3

Manufacturing

Food

311

1,589.1 1.0 1.6 1.4 0.4 3.0

Animal food

3111

58.4 1.8 1.4 1.7 -0.2 3.1

Grain and oilseed milling

3112

59.8 2.1 0.8 1.4 -0.7 2.2

Sugar and confectionery products

3113

78.0 1.2 1.9 0.4 -0.7 2.4

Fruit and vegetable preserving and specialty

3114

175.2 1.3 1.6 1.1 -0.2 2.7

Dairy products

3115

141.6 1.7 1.7 1.4 -0.3 3.1

Animal slaughtering and processing

3116

499.7 0.6 1.6 1.7 1.1 3.4

Seafood product preparation and packaging

3117

39.9 0.9 2.2 0.4 -0.5 2.6

Bakeries and tortilla products

3118

327.4 0.2 1.8 0.3 0.1 2.1

Other food products

3119

209.1 0.1 2.2 2.1 2.0 4.4

Beverages and tobacco products

312

249.6 -0.1 2.3 -0.1 0.0 2.1

Beverages

3121

235.6 0.8 1.5 1.4 0.6 2.9

Tobacco

3122

14.0 1.6 1.3 -3.0 -4.5 -1.8

Textile mills

313

119.3 3.1 -0.2 -2.2 -5.1 -2.3

Fiber, yarn, and thread mills

3131

29.6 3.2 -0.7 -1.5 -4.6 -2.3

Fabric mills

3132

55.9 3.2 0.2 -2.5 -5.6 -2.3

Textile and fabric finishing mills

3133

33.8 1.7 0.7 -2.9 -4.6 -2.3

Textile product mills

314

133.2 0.8 2.2 -1.4 -2.2 0.8

Textile furnishings mills

3141

58.4 0.7 2.2 -2.1 -2.7 0.0

Other textile product mills

3149

74.8 1.5 1.9 -0.3 -1.7 1.7

Apparel

315

148.9 -0.7 1.9 -6.8 -6.2 -5.0

Apparel knitting mills

3151

12.7 0.2 1.1 -6.9 -7.1 -5.9

Cut and sew apparel

3152

122.7 -0.6 2.0 -6.8 -6.2 -5.0

Accessories and other apparel

3159

13.5 -3.1 2.7 -6.5 -3.6 -4.1

Leather and allied products

316

33.1 0.8 1.8 -4.2 -5.0 -2.5

Leather and hide tanning and finishing

3161

5.2 0.9 -0.5 -3.0 -3.8 -3.5

Footwear

3162

13.8 0.8 2.5 -5.2 -6.0 -2.9

Other leather products

3169

14.1 -0.1 2.9 -4.0 -3.9 -1.2

Wood products

321

414.4 1.4 1.6 0.2 -1.2 1.8

Sawmills and wood preservation

3211

93.7 2.2 0.9 0.3 -1.8 1.2

Plywood and engineered wood products

3212

78.7 1.0 1.6 0.2 -0.8 1.7

Other wood products

3219

242.0 1.0 2.2 -0.1 -1.1 2.1

Paper

322

371.7 2.0 1.1 0.0 -1.9 1.2

Pulp, paper, and paperboard mills

3221

100.7 2.7 0.8 -0.4 -3.1 0.3

Converted paper products

3222

271.0 1.4 1.7 0.1 -1.3 1.8

Printing and related support activities

323

466.3 1.3 1.2 -0.6 -1.8 0.5

Printing and related support activities

3231

466.3 1.3 1.2 -0.6 -1.8 0.5

Petroleum and coal products

324

112.9 2.4 2.3 1.3 -1.1 3.6

Petroleum and coal products

3241

112.9 2.4 2.3 1.3 -1.1 3.6

Chemicals

325

822.7 1.6 1.8 1.0 -0.6 2.7

Basic chemicals

3251

148.8 2.3 1.3 0.7 -1.5 2.0

Resin, rubber, and artificial fibers

3252

92.5 2.0 1.8 0.3 -1.6 2.2

Agricultural chemicals

3253

35.9 2.8 0.8 1.3 -1.5 2.0

Pharmaceuticals and medicines

3254

287.1 0.0 3.3 1.6 1.6 4.9

Paints, coatings, and adhesives

3255

64.2 0.7 2.2 -0.1 -0.9 2.1

Soaps, cleaning compounds, and toiletries

3256

110.8 1.6 0.9 1.3 -0.3 2.3

Other chemical products and preparations

3259

83.4 2.1 1.0 0.0 -2.0 1.1

Plastics and rubber products

326

702.4 1.6 1.4 1.3 -0.3 2.7

Plastics products

3261

568.4 1.5 1.5 1.5 0.0 3.1

Rubber products

3262

134.0 1.8 0.9 0.4 -1.4 1.3

Nonmetallic mineral products

327

426.4 1.0 1.6 0.2 -0.8 1.8

Clay products and refractories

3271

46.4 1.1 1.5 -1.5 -2.5 -0.1

Glass and glass products

3272

92.2 2.1 0.8 0.4 -1.6 1.2

Cement and concrete products

3273

194.5 0.0 2.1 0.2 0.2 2.4

Lime and gypsum products

3274

14.6 1.6 2.8 -0.4 -1.9 2.4

Other nonmetallic mineral products

3279

78.7 1.2 1.8 0.9 -0.3 2.7

Primary metals

331

379.1 2.6 0.2 0.6 -1.9 0.9

Iron and steel mills and ferroalloys

3311

84.0 3.8 -1.0 1.2 -2.5 0.2

Steel products from purchased steel

3312

56.5 0.6 1.8 -0.1 -0.7 1.8

Alumina and aluminum production

3313

59.4 2.3 0.9 0.3 -1.9 1.2

Other nonferrous metal production

3314

61.5 2.2 1.5 0.4 -1.8 1.9

Foundries

3315

117.7 1.7 1.0 -0.3 -2.0 0.7

Fabricated metal products

332

1,456.4 1.0 1.7 0.7 -0.2 2.4

Forging and stamping

3321

98.5 2.2 0.7 1.2 -0.9 1.9

Cutlery and handtools

3322

40.1 1.3 1.4 -1.0 -2.3 0.4

Architectural and structural metals

3323

373.5 0.4 2.4 0.7 0.3 3.0

Boilers, tanks, and shipping containers

3324

92.7 0.7 1.6 0.4 -0.4 2.0

Hardware

3325

25.6 0.7 1.2 -2.3 -3.0 -1.1

Spring and wire products

3326

43.3 1.7 1.4 -0.3 -1.9 1.1

Machine shops and threaded products

3327

369.8 1.4 1.4 2.1 0.6 3.5

Coating, engraving, and heat treating metals

3328

138.1 2.2 0.7 2.3 0.1 3.0

Other fabricated metal products

3329

274.8 0.5 2.0 -0.1 -0.5 1.9

Machinery

333

1,091.5 1.9 0.8 1.1 -0.8 2.0

Agriculture, construction, and mining machinery

3331

209.9 2.0 0.6 1.9 -0.2 2.5

Industrial machinery

3332

115.6 1.4 1.1 0.7 -0.7 1.8

Commercial and service industry machinery

3333

90.6 1.9 0.6 0.1 -1.8 0.7

HVAC and commercial refrigeration equipment

3334

129.3 1.8 1.1 1.1 -0.7 2.2

Metalworking machinery

3335

183.8 1.7 0.9 0.4 -1.3 1.3

Turbine and power transmission equipment

3336

99.1 1.5 0.5 1.2 -0.3 1.7

Other general purpose machinery

3339

263.2 2.0 1.3 1.3 -0.6 2.7

Computer and electronic products

334

1,058.5 9.0 -5.3 6.7 -2.1 1.0

Computer and peripheral equipment

3341

164.2 15.6 -14.0 12.0 -3.1 -3.7

Communications equipment

3342

87.7 5.4 -1.4 2.0 -3.3 0.5

Audio and video equipment

3343

21.1 2.0 1.4 -1.6 -3.6 -0.2

Semiconductors and electronic components

3344

371.0 12.6 -8.4 11.0 -1.5 1.6

Electronic instruments

3345

397.8 3.0 0.6 1.2 -1.7 1.8

Magnetic media manufacturing and reproducing

3346

16.7 1.3 0.5 -1.8 -3.0 -1.3

Electrical equipment and appliances

335

387.0 1.9 1.2 0.1 -1.8 1.2

Electric lighting equipment

3351

49.0 1.7 1.2 -0.1 -1.8 1.2

Household appliances

3352

64.1 3.0 -0.5 0.4 -2.5 -0.2

Electrical equipment

3353

140.7 1.3 1.7 -0.7 -2.0 1.0

Other electrical equipment and components

3359

133.2 1.7 1.7 0.4 -1.3 2.1

Transportation equipment

336

1,632.8 2.8 -0.3 2.0 -0.8 1.7

Motor vehicles

3361

209.1 3.1 -0.3 2.1 -1.0 1.7

Motor vehicle bodies and trailers

3362

152.3 1.4 2.1 1.9 0.5 4.0

Motor vehicle parts

3363

583.5 3.0 -1.5 2.9 -0.1 1.4

Aerospace products and parts

3364

490.1 2.5 0.6 0.7 -1.7 1.4

Railroad rolling stock

3365

27.0 4.6 -2.0 5.2 0.6 3.2

Ship and boat building

3366

136.0 1.7 1.9 0.6 -1.1 2.5

Other transportation equipment

3369

34.8 3.7 -0.9 3.4 -0.2 2.5

Furniture and related products

337

408.6 1.4 1.6 -0.1 -1.5 1.5

Household and institutional furniture

3371

261.0 1.2 1.8 -0.5 -1.8 1.2

Office furniture and fixtures

3372

109.7 1.3 1.8 0.1 -1.2 1.9

Other furniture related products

3379

37.9 2.1 0.4 1.2 -0.8 1.7

Miscellaneous manufacturing

339

647.7 1.8 1.4 1.7 -0.1 3.2

Medical equipment and supplies

3391

317.1 2.2 0.9 3.4 1.2 4.3

Other miscellaneous manufacturing

3399

330.6 1.3 2.0 0.2 -1.1 2.2

Footnotes
(1) For NAICS industry 2131 average annual percent changes are for 1987-2015. Employment is for 2015.


Last Modified Date: May 09, 2017