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Economic News Release
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Productivity and Costs by Industry: Manufacturing and Mining Industries News Release


For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Tuesday, April 23, 2019                                                  USDL-19-0695

Technical information:  (202) 691-5606  •  productivity@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/lpc 
Media contact:          (202) 691-5902  •  PressOffice@bls.gov



                                  PRODUCTIVITY AND COSTS BY INDUSTRY:
                               MANUFACTURING AND MINING INDUSTRIES, 2018

Labor productivity declines were widespread among manufacturing industries in 2018, with decreases 
in 67 of the 86 four-digit NAICS industries. Of the 51 industries in durable manufacturing, 41 saw 
productivity decreases in 2018 led by a decline in the lime and gypsum products industry of 11.8 percent. 
Nondurable manufacturing also had widespread declines in 2018 with productivity falling in 26 of 35 
industries, led by the textile and fabric finishing mills industry with a decrease of 11.3 percent. Of the 4 
industries in the mining sector, 2 posted productivity gains in 2018 led by the oil and gas extraction 
industry with an increase of 12.1 percent. 

Labor Productivity Trends in NAICS 3-Digit Industries, 2018

Manufacturing
      * Labor productivity decreased in 16 of the 21 NAICS 3-digit manufacturing industries in 2018, 
        as output declined in 16 industries and hours worked rose in 16.
      * The printing and related support activities industry had the largest productivity gain, 2.0 
        percent, as output decreased but hours decreased more.
      * The petroleum and coal products industry had the largest productivity decline, 7.8 percent, 
        as output fell 3.3 percent and hours worked increased 4.9 percent.

Mining
      * Labor productivity rose by 12.1 percent in the oil and gas extraction industry where a 
        significant increase in output outpaced growth in hours worked.
      * The mining, except oil and gas industry had a productivity decline of 3.5 percent, as the 
        increase in hours worked was larger than a modest increase in output.  

Trends in Unit Labor Costs in 2018

Unit labor costs, which reflect the total labor costs required to produce a unit of output, rose in 73 of the 
86 NAICS 4-digit manufacturing industries. Of the 51 industries in durable manufacturing, 47 
experienced rising unit labor costs, led by the audio and video equipment industry which increased 30.1 
percent. Nondurable manufacturing also experienced widespread increases in unit labor costs with 26 of 
the 35 industries recording an increase, led by the other leather products industry with a rise of 8.6 
percent. Of the 4 industries in the mining sector, 3 had increases in unit labor costs led by the metal ore 
mining industry which increased 17.1 percent.

Unit Labor Cost Trends in NAICS 3-Digit Industries, 2018

Manufacturing
      * Employers experience increased unit labor costs when hourly compensation growth exceeds 
        productivity growth. Unit labor costs increased in 20 of the 21 manufacturing industries, as 
        hourly compensation growth outpaced that of productivity. Textile mills was the exception 
        and had a decrease in unit labor costs due to hourly compensation declines that exceeded 
        productivity declines.

Mining
      * Unit labor costs declined in the oil and gas extraction industry by 12.4 percent, as 
        productivity increased by 12.1 percent and hourly compensation decreased by 1.8 percent.
      * The mining, except oil and gas industry saw a 7.6 percent increase in unit labor costs, as 
        hourly compensation rose by 3.8 percent while productivity dropped by 3.5 percent.

Long-Term Trends in Labor Productivity and Unit Labor Costs 

Labor Productivity
      * Over the entire 1987-2018 period, labor productivity rose in 83 of the 90 manufacturing 
        and mining industries. Output rose in 54 industries, while hours worked increased in only 
        17. In the 17 industries where hours worked increased, they rose at a slow pace, less than 
        half a percent per year on average.
      * During the more recent 2007-2018 period, which included the Great Recession of 2007-09, 
        productivity increased in only 36 industries. These increases are predominantly the result 
        of a decline in hours worked rather than an increase in output, as hours worked fell in 31 of 
        these industries while output increased in only 10.

Unit Labor Costs
      * During the 1987-2018 period, unit labor costs increased in 77 of the 86 NAICS 4-digit 
        manufacturing industries. All 4 mining industries saw an increase in unit labor costs.
      * From 2007 to 2018, unit labor costs increased in 80 of the 86 manufacturing industries and in 3 
        of the 4 mining industries.  Unit labor costs increased the most in the audio and video equipment 
        industry. 

The computer and peripheral equipment industry recorded the largest productivity gain as well as the 
largest unit labor cost decline during both the 1987-2018 and 1987-2007 periods. However, between 
2007 and 2018, the oil and gas extraction industry posted the greatest productivity growth and the 
largest unit labor cost decline.	

Additional Information

Manufacturing industry output measures for 2016 and earlier years are constructed primarily using data 
from the economic censuses and annual surveys of the U.S. Census Bureau together with data on price 
changes primarily from BLS. These measures have been revised due to new and revised data from the 
Bureau of Economic Analysis, used in part to construct intra-industry transactions. Manufacturing 
industry output for 2017 and 2018 is estimated based on historical relationships between BLS sectoral 
output, BLS price indexes, and data on industrial production from the Federal Reserve Board.

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                                       Technical Note

Labor Productivity: Labor productivity describes the relationship between real output and the labor 
hours involved in its production. These measures show the changes from period to period in the amount 
of goods and services produced per hour worked. Although the labor productivity measures relate output 
in an industry to hours worked of all persons in that industry, they do not measure the specific 
contribution of labor to growth in output. Rather, they reflect the joint effects of many influences, 
including: changes in technology; capital investment; utilization of capacity, energy, and materials; the 
use of purchased services inputs, including contract employment services; the organization of 
production; the characteristics and effort of the workforce; and managerial skill. 

Unit Labor Costs: Unit labor costs represent the cost of labor required to produce one unit of output. 
The unit labor cost indexes are computed by dividing an index of nominal industry labor compensation 
by an index of real industry output. Unit labor costs also describe the relationship between compensation 
per hour worked (hourly compensation) and real output per hour worked (labor productivity). When 
hourly compensation growth outpaces productivity, unit labor costs increase. Alternatively, when 
productivity growth exceeds hourly compensation, unit labor costs decrease. 

Output: Industry output is measured as an annual-weighted index of the changes in the various products 
(in real terms) provided for sale outside the industry. Real industry output is usually derived by deflating 
nominal sales or values of production using BLS price indexes, but for some industries it is measured by 
physical quantities of output. Industry output reflects sectoral value of production, derived by adjusting 
shipments for changes in inventories and removing intra-industry transactions. Industry output measures 
are constructed primarily using data from the economic censuses and annual surveys of the Census 
Bureau, U.S. Department of Commerce, together with data on price changes primarily from BLS. Data 
from the Bureau of Economic Analysis at the U.S. Department of Commerce is used in part to construct 
intra-industry transactions. Other data sources include the Energy Information Administration at the 
U.S. Department of Energy and the U.S. Geological Survey at the U.S. Department of the Interior. 
Manufacturing industry output for 2017 and 2018 is estimated based on historical relationships between 
BLS sectoral output, BLS price indexes, and data on industrial production from the Federal Reserve Board.

Labor Hours: Labor hours are measured as annual hours worked by all employed persons in an 
industry. Data on industry employment and hours come primarily from the BLS Current Employment 
Statistics (CES) survey and Current Population Survey (CPS). CES data on the number of total and 
production worker jobs held by wage and salary workers in nonfarm establishments are supplemented 
with CPS data on self-employed and unpaid family workers to estimate industry employment. Hours 
worked estimates are derived using CES and CPS employment, CES data on the average weekly hours 
paid of production workers, CPS data on hours of nonproduction, self-employed, and unpaid family 
workers, and ratios of hours worked to hours paid based on data from the National Compensation 
Survey (NCS). For some industries, employment and hours data are supplemented or further 
disaggregated using data from the BLS Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW), the 
Census Bureau, or other sources. Hours worked are estimated separately for different types of workers 
and then are directly aggregated; no adjustments for labor composition are made.
Labor Compensation: Labor compensation, defined as payroll plus supplemental payments, is a 
measure of the cost to the employer of securing the services of labor. Payroll includes salaries, wages, 
commissions, dismissal pay, bonuses, vacation and sick leave pay, and compensation in kind. 
Supplemental payments include both legally required expenditures and payments for voluntary 
programs. The legally required portion consists primarily of federal old age and survivors’ insurance, 
unemployment compensation, and workers’ compensation. Payments for voluntary programs include all 
programs not specifically required by legislation, such as the employer portion of private health 
insurance and pension plans. Industry compensation measures are constructed primarily using data from 
the BLS QCEW and the economic censuses of the Census Bureau at the U.S. Department of Commerce.









Table 1. Recent labor productivity, unit labor costs, and related data
Industry 2012 NAICS code 2018
Employment
(thousands)
Percent change, 2017-2018
Labor productivity Unit labor costs Output Hours
worked
Labor compensation

Mining

Mining

21

696.0 2.1 -1.6 11.8 9.5 10.1

Oil and gas extraction

211

145.5 12.1 -12.4 15.6 3.1 1.2

Oil and gas extraction

2111

145.5 12.1 -12.4 15.6 3.1 1.2

Mining, except oil and gas

212

196.0 -3.5 7.6 0.2 3.8 7.7

Coal mining

2121

53.1 -4.9 7.6 -2.0 3.0 5.4

Metal ore mining

2122

41.5 -11.4 17.1 -5.9 6.2 10.2

Nonmetallic mineral mining and quarrying

2123

101.4 2.3 2.2 5.7 3.3 8.0

Nondurable Manufacturing

Food

311

1,666.9 -3.1 4.1 -0.6 2.6 3.5

Animal food

3111

63.8 -2.8 2.4 2.0 4.9 4.4

Grain and oilseed milling

3112

60.1 5.3 -5.4 3.4 -1.9 -2.2

Sugar and confectionery products

3113

78.2 -7.1 8.4 -3.1 4.3 5.0

Fruit and vegetable preserving and specialty

3114

172.3 -2.8 6.1 -4.6 -1.8 1.2

Dairy products

3115

149.7 -5.7 3.8 -1.5 4.4 2.2

Animal slaughtering and processing

3116

526.1 -1.8 6.3 -0.3 1.6 6.0

Seafood product preparation and packaging

3117

37.7 -4.6 3.6 -2.7 2.0 0.8

Bakeries and tortilla products

3118

347.6 -4.4 1.8 0.7 5.3 2.5

Other food products

3119

231.4 -5.4 5.9 -1.4 4.2 4.4

Beverages and tobacco products

312

274.1 -7.2 6.6 -2.3 5.2 4.2

Beverages

3121

262.8 -6.1 6.1 -0.7 5.7 5.4

Tobacco

3122

11.3 -1.3 -4.3 -6.7 -5.5 -10.8

Textile mills

313

117.5 -3.4 -1.0 2.1 5.7 1.1

Fiber, yarn, and thread mills

3131

29.4 -1.8 -4.4 8.0 10.0 3.2

Fabric mills

3132

55.9 0.7 -0.9 1.3 0.6 0.4

Textile and fabric finishing mills

3133

32.2 -11.3 2.2 -1.4 11.1 0.8

Textile product mills

314

126.7 0.7 5.0 -3.5 -4.2 1.4

Textile furnishings mills

3141

55.1 -3.9 4.5 -4.4 -0.5 -0.1

Other textile product mills

3149

71.6 5.2 5.0 -2.2 -7.0 2.7

Apparel

315

126.2 1.5 0.4 -3.3 -4.7 -2.9

Apparel knitting mills

3151

11.2 -7.1 3.1 -6.2 1.0 -3.3

Cut and sew apparel

3152

102.5 3.2 0.5 -2.9 -5.9 -2.3

Accessories and other apparel

3159

12.5 -3.5 -3.8 -3.8 -0.3 -7.5

Leather and allied products

316

30.5 0.3 3.4 -3.5 -3.8 -0.2

Leather and hide tanning and finishing

3161

4.7 6.5 -7.9 -4.1 -9.9 -11.7

Footwear

3162

12.9 0.1 3.5 -1.1 -1.2 2.4

Other leather products

3169

12.9 -1.9 8.6 -6.2 -4.4 1.9

Paper

322

369.7 -2.5 1.7 -1.0 1.5 0.7

Pulp, paper, and paperboard mills

3221

96.2 -3.2 -2.3 -1.3 2.0 -3.6

Converted paper products

3222

273.5 -2.2 3.8 -0.9 1.3 2.9

Printing and related support activities

323

449.1 2.0 2.0 -1.5 -3.5 0.4

Printing and related support activities

3231

449.1 2.0 2.0 -1.5 -3.5 0.4

Petroleum and coal products

324

117.1 -7.8 7.7 -3.3 4.9 4.2

Petroleum and coal products

3241

117.1 -7.8 7.7 -3.3 4.9 4.2

Chemicals

325

854.7 -1.4 2.0 0.6 2.1 2.7

Basic chemicals

3251

152.8 -0.2 2.9 1.5 1.7 4.5

Resin, rubber, and artificial fibers

3252

95.6 3.5 2.9 2.0 -1.5 4.9

Agricultural chemicals

3253

36.1 2.2 -0.3 1.2 -1.0 0.9

Pharmaceuticals and medicines

3254

296.8 -3.4 2.4 -1.0 2.5 1.4

Paints, coatings, and adhesives

3255

64.8 -3.5 4.1 -1.4 2.1 2.6

Soaps, cleaning compounds, and toiletries

3256

123.4 -4.5 -0.4 2.1 7.0 1.8

Other chemical products and preparations

3259

85.2 -0.3 4.1 0.1 0.4 4.2

Plastics and rubber products

326

733.1 -3.3 7.2 -2.5 0.9 4.6

Plastics products

3261

593.8 -3.3 7.3 -2.5 0.9 4.6

Rubber products

3262

139.3 -3.4 7.1 -2.5 1.0 4.5

Durable Manufacturing

Wood products

321

438.7 -4.6 7.9 -1.3 3.4 6.5

Sawmills and wood preservation

3211

104.5 -9.5 6.8 -1.6 8.8 5.1

Plywood and engineered wood products

3212

81.4 -1.9 8.1 0.0 1.9 8.0

Other wood products

3219

252.8 -3.4 8.4 -1.7 1.7 6.5

Nonmetallic mineral products

327

424.8 -3.0 4.9 -0.5 2.6 4.4

Clay products and refractories

3271

43.0 0.9 0.4 -1.6 -2.5 -1.1

Glass and glass products

3272

87.9 -4.4 4.1 1.6 6.2 5.8

Cement and concrete products

3273

195.9 -3.2 7.2 -3.6 -0.4 3.3

Lime and gypsum products

3274

16.1 -11.8 16.1 -2.0 11.2 13.8

Other nonmetallic mineral products

3279

81.9 -2.6 1.1 5.1 7.9 6.3

Primary metals

331

379.9 -3.0 3.9 2.6 5.7 6.6

Iron and steel mills and ferroalloys

3311

83.6 -2.4 3.3 3.8 6.3 7.2

Steel products from purchased steel

3312

58.1 -4.6 4.0 3.1 8.1 7.2

Alumina and aluminum production

3313

58.1 -2.3 2.1 2.8 5.2 5.0

Other nonferrous metal production

3314

60.1 -5.4 5.5 -0.6 5.1 4.9

Foundries

3315

120.0 -2.1 5.0 2.4 4.6 7.4

Fabricated metal products

332

1,489.7 -1.4 5.2 1.0 2.4 6.2

Forging and stamping

3321

100.3 -0.5 6.0 -0.3 0.3 5.7

Cutlery and handtools

3322

38.9 -0.3 -7.0 10.3 10.7 2.6

Architectural and structural metals

3323

394.1 -1.8 7.0 1.0 2.9 8.0

Boilers, tanks, and shipping containers

3324

91.4 0.9 5.5 -1.1 -1.9 4.4

Hardware

3325

25.8 -1.7 1.6 1.6 3.4 3.2

Spring and wire products

3326

44.3 -1.1 2.6 0.2 1.3 2.8

Machine shops and threaded products

3327

371.7 -2.8 5.1 0.8 3.7 6.0

Coating, engraving, and heat treating metals

3328

140.4 0.2 2.3 4.3 4.1 6.7

Other fabricated metal products

3329

282.8 -0.7 6.1 0.0 0.7 6.1

Machinery

333

1,128.2 0.0 4.0 2.8 2.9 6.9

Agriculture, construction, and mining machinery

3331

220.0 1.0 3.2 6.5 5.5 9.9

Industrial machinery

3332

121.2 -2.5 9.7 -1.7 0.8 7.8

Commercial and service industry machinery

3333

95.4 -3.5 1.5 2.0 5.6 3.5

HVAC and commercial refrigeration equipment

3334

134.0 -0.3 2.1 -0.4 -0.2 1.6

Metalworking machinery

3335

184.3 -1.3 3.3 0.6 1.9 3.9

Turbine and power transmission equipment

3336

99.0 4.6 5.5 6.4 1.8 12.2

Other general purpose machinery

3339

274.3 -1.2 4.9 2.1 3.4 7.1

Computer and electronic products

334

1,059.7 -0.6 5.4 -0.7 -0.1 4.7

Computer and peripheral equipment

3341

156.6 7.7 -0.2 2.9 -4.4 2.7

Communications equipment

3342

85.8 -3.5 2.1 -1.8 1.8 0.3

Audio and video equipment

3343

20.5 -6.9 30.1 -2.6 4.6 26.8

Semiconductors and electronic components

3344

371.2 -1.2 5.9 -0.2 1.0 5.6

Electronic instruments

3345

411.8 -1.5 7.0 -1.4 0.1 5.5

Magnetic media manufacturing and reproducing

3346

13.8 9.1 -9.2 3.8 -4.9 -5.8

Electrical equipment and appliances

335

401.7 -1.3 4.6 -1.1 0.3 3.5

Electric lighting equipment

3351

50.3 -0.1 7.7 -5.7 -5.6 1.5

Household appliances

3352

63.1 1.6 0.7 -2.9 -4.4 -2.2

Electrical equipment

3353

142.1 -2.6 2.0 -0.4 2.3 1.6

Other electrical equipment and components

3359

146.2 -2.1 8.4 0.3 2.5 8.8

Transportation equipment

336

1,716.6 -4.7 7.5 -1.0 3.9 6.3

Motor vehicles

3361

234.0 -7.6 7.2 -0.1 8.2 7.2

Motor vehicle bodies and trailers

3362

166.9 -10.1 12.4 -3.2 7.6 8.7

Motor vehicle parts

3363

602.1 -1.2 5.4 0.2 1.5 5.6

Aerospace products and parts

3364

513.0 -8.1 10.3 -3.2 5.3 6.8

Railroad rolling stock

3365

23.2 -5.9 8.5 -1.5 4.7 6.8

Ship and boat building

3366

141.8 -1.0 6.4 -1.0 0.1 5.4

Other transportation equipment

3369

35.6 2.1 -2.7 -0.9 -3.0 -3.6

Furniture and related products

337

424.0 -2.3 4.7 -1.7 0.6 2.9

Household and institutional furniture

3371

272.7 -2.0 3.7 -0.2 1.8 3.5

Office furniture and fixtures

3372

113.9 -2.5 4.1 -1.5 1.1 2.5

Other furniture related products

3379

37.4 1.7 10.1 -8.6 -10.1 0.7

Miscellaneous manufacturing

339

658.4 -1.9 7.0 -1.5 0.4 5.4

Medical equipment and supplies

3391

324.4 -1.8 7.8 -2.3 -0.5 5.3

Other miscellaneous manufacturing

3399

334.0 -1.8 6.0 -0.5 1.3 5.5






Table 2. Long run labor productivity, unit labor costs, and related data
Industry 2012 NAICS code 2018
Employment
(thousands)
Average annual percent change, 1987-2018
Labor productivity Unit labor costs Output Hours
worked
Labor compensation

Mining

Mining

21

696.0 1.3 2.5 1.4 0.1 3.9

Oil and gas extraction

211

145.5 2.9 2.2 1.7 -1.2 3.9

Oil and gas extraction

2111

145.5 2.9 2.2 1.7 -1.2 3.9

Mining, except oil and gas

212

196.0 1.4 1.6 0.1 -1.3 1.6

Coal mining

2121

53.1 1.7 1.0 -1.4 -3.0 -0.4

Metal ore mining

2122

41.5 0.5 3.3 0.7 0.2 4.0

Nonmetallic mineral mining and quarrying

2123

101.4 1.3 2.0 1.0 -0.4 3.0

Support activities for mining(1)

213

307.5 0.7 3.6 2.4 1.7 6.2

Support activities for mining(1)

2131

307.5 0.7 3.6 2.4 1.7 6.2

Nondurable Manufacturing

Food

311

1,666.9 0.6 1.9 1.2 0.6 3.1

Animal food

3111

63.8 2.0 1.3 2.0 0.0 3.3

Grain and oilseed milling

3112

60.1 1.9 0.8 1.3 -0.6 2.0

Sugar and confectionery products

3113

78.2 0.8 2.2 0.3 -0.5 2.5

Fruit and vegetable preserving and specialty

3114

172.3 0.9 1.8 0.9 0.0 2.7

Dairy products

3115

149.7 1.1 2.2 1.0 0.0 3.2

Animal slaughtering and processing

3116

526.1 0.3 2.0 1.5 1.2 3.6

Seafood product preparation and packaging

3117

37.7 1.0 2.6 0.2 -0.8 2.7

Bakeries and tortilla products

3118

347.6 0.1 1.8 0.4 0.3 2.2

Other food products

3119

231.4 -0.1 2.4 1.9 2.1 4.4

Beverages and tobacco products

312

274.1 -0.6 2.6 -0.3 0.4 2.3

Beverages

3121

262.8 0.3 1.7 1.3 1.0 3.0

Tobacco

3122

11.3 1.7 1.9 -3.2 -4.8 -1.4

Textile mills

313

117.5 2.8 -0.1 -2.1 -4.8 -2.2

Fiber, yarn, and thread mills

3131

29.4 3.1 -1.0 -1.0 -4.0 -2.0

Fabric mills

3132

55.9 2.9 0.4 -2.7 -5.4 -2.3

Textile and fabric finishing mills

3133

32.2 1.4 0.9 -2.9 -4.2 -2.0

Textile product mills

314

126.7 0.5 2.4 -1.6 -2.1 0.7

Textile furnishings mills

3141

55.1 0.3 2.2 -2.2 -2.6 -0.1

Other textile product mills

3149

71.6 1.2 2.1 -0.4 -1.6 1.7

Apparel

315

126.2 -0.5 1.8 -6.7 -6.2 -5.0

Apparel knitting mills

3151

11.2 -0.6 1.9 -7.6 -7.1 -5.8

Cut and sew apparel

3152

102.5 -0.3 1.7 -6.6 -6.3 -5.0

Accessories and other apparel

3159

12.5 -2.8 2.6 -6.3 -3.6 -3.9

Leather and allied products

316

30.5 0.9 1.9 -4.1 -4.9 -2.2

Leather and hide tanning and finishing

3161

4.7 0.9 0.4 -3.0 -3.9 -2.6

Footwear

3162

12.9 1.2 2.1 -4.7 -5.8 -2.8

Other leather products

3169

12.9 0.0 2.6 -3.8 -3.9 -1.3

Paper

322

369.7 1.6 1.3 -0.2 -1.8 1.1

Pulp, paper, and paperboard mills

3221

96.2 2.5 0.7 -0.5 -2.9 0.2

Converted paper products

3222

273.5 1.3 1.7 0.1 -1.2 1.8

Printing and related support activities

323

449.1 1.3 1.2 -0.6 -1.8 0.6

Printing and related support activities

3231

449.1 1.3 1.2 -0.6 -1.8 0.6

Petroleum and coal products

324

117.1 1.9 2.6 1.0 -0.9 3.7

Petroleum and coal products

3241

117.1 1.9 2.6 1.0 -0.9 3.7

Chemicals

325

854.7 1.2 2.0 0.8 -0.4 2.9

Basic chemicals

3251

152.8 2.2 1.4 0.8 -1.4 2.2

Resin, rubber, and artificial fibers

3252

95.6 2.0 1.9 0.4 -1.5 2.4

Agricultural chemicals

3253

36.1 2.3 1.1 1.2 -1.1 2.3

Pharmaceuticals and medicines

3254

296.8 -0.5 3.7 1.2 1.6 4.9

Paints, coatings, and adhesives

3255

64.8 0.6 2.2 0.0 -0.5 2.3

Soaps, cleaning compounds, and toiletries

3256

123.4 1.2 1.0 1.2 0.0 2.2

Other chemical products and preparations

3259

85.2 1.8 1.3 0.0 -1.8 1.3

Plastics and rubber products

326

733.1 1.3 1.6 1.1 -0.2 2.7

Plastics products

3261

593.8 1.3 1.7 1.4 0.1 3.1

Rubber products

3262

139.3 1.3 1.5 0.0 -1.2 1.5

Durable Manufacturing

Wood products

321

438.7 0.9 2.2 -0.1 -1.0 2.1

Sawmills and wood preservation

3211

104.5 1.6 1.3 0.2 -1.3 1.5

Plywood and engineered wood products

3212

81.4 0.7 2.0 0.0 -0.7 2.0

Other wood products

3219

252.8 0.7 2.5 -0.2 -0.8 2.4

Nonmetallic mineral products

327

424.8 0.7 1.9 0.1 -0.6 2.0

Clay products and refractories

3271

43.0 0.9 1.5 -1.5 -2.4 0.0

Glass and glass products

3272

87.9 2.0 0.8 0.5 -1.5 1.4

Cement and concrete products

3273

195.9 -0.3 2.4 0.0 0.3 2.5

Lime and gypsum products

3274

16.1 0.9 3.3 -0.5 -1.4 2.8

Other nonmetallic mineral products

3279

81.9 0.9 1.8 1.0 0.1 2.8

Primary metals

331

379.9 2.3 0.7 0.5 -1.7 1.1

Iron and steel mills and ferroalloys

3311

83.6 3.5 -0.5 1.2 -2.3 0.7

Steel products from purchased steel

3312

58.1 0.3 2.1 -0.2 -0.4 2.0

Alumina and aluminum production

3313

58.1 2.1 1.1 0.3 -1.8 1.4

Other nonferrous metal production

3314

60.1 1.5 2.0 -0.1 -1.6 1.9

Foundries

3315

120.0 1.6 1.2 -0.3 -1.9 0.9

Fabricated metal products

332

1,489.7 0.8 1.9 0.6 -0.2 2.5

Forging and stamping

3321

100.3 1.9 1.0 0.9 -1.0 2.0

Cutlery and handtools

3322

38.9 1.4 1.3 -0.7 -2.1 0.6

Architectural and structural metals

3323

394.1 0.4 2.4 0.8 0.4 3.2

Boilers, tanks, and shipping containers

3324

91.4 0.6 1.6 0.2 -0.5 1.7

Hardware

3325

25.8 0.6 1.5 -2.1 -2.7 -0.7

Spring and wire products

3326

44.3 1.7 1.6 -0.2 -1.8 1.4

Machine shops and threaded products

3327

371.7 1.3 1.6 2.0 0.7 3.6

Coating, engraving, and heat treating metals

3328

140.4 1.7 1.2 1.9 0.2 3.1

Other fabricated metal products

3329

282.8 0.4 2.1 -0.1 -0.5 2.0

Machinery

333

1,128.2 1.7 1.1 1.1 -0.6 2.2

Agriculture, construction, and mining machinery

3331

220.0 1.7 1.0 1.8 0.1 2.8

Industrial machinery

3332

121.2 1.2 1.5 0.6 -0.6 2.1

Commercial and service industry machinery

3333

95.4 1.5 0.8 0.0 -1.5 0.9

HVAC and commercial refrigeration equipment

3334

134.0 1.5 1.2 0.9 -0.6 2.0

Metalworking machinery

3335

184.3 1.5 1.1 0.3 -1.1 1.5

Turbine and power transmission equipment

3336

99.0 1.4 0.7 1.2 -0.2 2.0

Other general purpose machinery

3339

274.3 1.7 1.7 1.3 -0.4 3.0

Computer and electronic products

334

1,059.7 8.2 -4.7 6.0 -2.0 1.0

Computer and peripheral equipment

3341

156.6 14.7 -13.3 11.2 -3.1 -3.6

Communications equipment

3342

85.8 4.7 -0.6 1.5 -3.1 0.9

Audio and video equipment

3343

20.5 1.8 2.4 -1.8 -3.5 0.6

Semiconductors and electronic components

3344

371.2 11.6 -7.6 9.9 -1.5 1.6

Electronic instruments

3345

411.8 2.7 0.7 1.2 -1.5 1.9

Magnetic media manufacturing and reproducing

3346

13.8 1.5 0.6 -1.9 -3.4 -1.4

Electrical equipment and appliances

335

401.7 1.6 1.4 -0.1 -1.6 1.3

Electric lighting equipment

3351

50.3 1.2 1.5 -0.5 -1.7 1.0

Household appliances

3352

63.1 2.8 -0.3 0.2 -2.5 -0.1

Electrical equipment

3353

142.1 1.1 1.7 -0.7 -1.8 1.0

Other electrical equipment and components

3359

146.2 1.2 2.1 0.3 -0.9 2.3

Transportation equipment

336

1,716.6 2.2 0.3 1.5 -0.6 1.8

Motor vehicles

3361

234.0 2.4 0.1 1.8 -0.7 1.9

Motor vehicle bodies and trailers

3362

166.9 0.9 2.4 1.6 0.7 4.1

Motor vehicle parts

3363

602.1 2.7 -1.0 2.6 0.0 1.6

Aerospace products and parts

3364

513.0 1.6 1.3 0.2 -1.4 1.5

Railroad rolling stock

3365

23.2 3.4 -0.7 3.6 0.3 2.9

Ship and boat building

3366

141.8 1.5 1.9 0.7 -0.9 2.6

Other transportation equipment

3369

35.6 3.2 -0.8 3.3 0.1 2.5

Furniture and related products

337

424.0 1.2 1.7 -0.1 -1.4 1.6

Household and institutional furniture

3371

272.7 1.1 1.8 -0.4 -1.5 1.4

Office furniture and fixtures

3372

113.9 1.2 1.9 0.1 -1.1 1.9

Other furniture related products

3379

37.4 1.9 1.1 0.7 -1.1 1.9

Miscellaneous manufacturing

339

658.4 1.6 1.6 1.5 -0.2 3.1

Medical equipment and supplies

3391

324.4 2.0 1.5 2.9 0.9 4.4

Other miscellaneous manufacturing

3399

334.0 1.2 1.7 0.3 -1.0 2.0

Footnotes
(1) For NAICS industry 2131 average annual percent changes are for 1987-2017. Employment is for 2017.


Last Modified Date: April 23, 2019