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Table 2. Long run labor productivity, unit labor costs, and related data






Table 2. Long run labor productivity, unit labor costs, and related data
Industry 2017 NAICS code 2021
Employment
(thousands)
Average annual percent change, 1987-2021
Labor productivity Unit labor costs Output Hours
worked
Labor compen-
sation
Hourly compen-
sation

Mining

Mining

21

532.7 2.0 1.4 1.4 -0.6 2.8 3.4

Oil and gas extraction

211

118.3 3.4 1.2 1.7 -1.6 2.9 4.6

Oil and gas extraction

2111

118.3 3.4 1.2 1.7 -1.6 2.9 4.6

Mining, except oil and gas

212

176.4 1.2 1.7 -0.2 -1.5 1.4 2.9

Coal mining

2121

36.6 1.9 0.7 -2.0 -3.9 -1.4 2.6

Metal ore mining

2122

42.7 0.2 3.6 0.4 0.2 4.0 3.8

Nonmetallic mineral mining and quarrying

2123

97.1 1.2 2.1 0.8 -0.3 3.0 3.3

Support activities for mining

213

238.0 1.8 1.8 2.7 0.9 4.6 3.6

Support activities for mining

2131

238.0 1.8 1.8 2.7 0.9 4.6 3.6

Nondurable Manufacturing

Food

311

1,683.1 0.6 2.1 1.1 0.5 3.2 2.7

Animal food

3111

71.0 1.1 2.1 1.6 0.5 3.7 3.3

Grain and oilseed milling

3112

63.1 1.9 1.4 1.0 -0.9 2.4 3.3

Sugar and confectionery products

3113

78.7 0.7 2.2 0.4 -0.3 2.6 2.9

Fruit and vegetable preserving and specialty

3114

174.4 0.9 2.0 0.8 -0.1 2.8 2.9

Dairy products

3115

154.9 1.0 2.1 1.2 0.2 3.4 3.1

Animal slaughtering and processing

3116

532.6 0.4 2.2 1.5 1.1 3.7 2.6

Seafood product preparation and packaging

3117

33.0 0.8 3.0 -0.1 -0.9 2.8 3.8

Bakeries and tortilla products

3118

335.5 0.1 1.9 0.3 0.2 2.2 2.0

Other food products

3119

239.9 0.1 2.4 1.9 1.8 4.3 2.5

Beverages and tobacco products

312

306.9 -1.1 3.1 -0.4 0.7 2.7 1.9

Beverages

3121

296.3 -0.4 2.5 0.8 1.3 3.3 2.0

Tobacco

3122

10.6 2.0 1.7 -2.6 -4.6 -1.0 3.7

Textile mills

313

101.3 1.9 0.4 -2.6 -4.4 -2.2 2.4

Fiber, yarn, and thread mills

3131

27.2 1.4 0.2 -2.2 -3.6 -2.0 1.6

Fabric mills

3132

47.7 2.4 0.6 -2.8 -5.1 -2.3 2.9

Textile and fabric finishing mills

3133

26.4 1.0 1.0 -3.1 -4.0 -2.1 2.0

Textile product mills

314

113.0 0.5 2.5 -1.8 -2.3 0.6 3.0

Textile furnishings mills

3141

47.6 0.4 2.3 -2.4 -2.8 -0.2 2.7

Other textile product mills

3149

65.4 1.1 2.3 -0.7 -1.8 1.5 3.4

Apparel

315

100.7 0.0 1.6 -6.3 -6.2 -4.8 1.5

Apparel knitting mills

3151

7.9 0.2 1.6 -7.1 -7.3 -5.6 1.8

Cut and sew apparel

3152

80.3 0.2 1.5 -6.2 -6.4 -4.8 1.6

Accessories and other apparel

3159

12.5 -2.6 2.7 -5.7 -3.3 -3.2 0.1

Leather and allied products

316

29.5 0.5 2.4 -4.0 -4.4 -1.6 2.9

Leather and hide tanning and finishing

3161

4.2 0.8 1.1 -3.0 -3.7 -1.9 1.9

Footwear

3162

11.4 0.5 2.8 -5.0 -5.5 -2.3 3.4

Other leather products

3169

13.9 -0.2 2.8 -3.3 -3.1 -0.6 2.6

Paper

322

348.9 1.3 1.7 -0.5 -1.7 1.2 3.0

Pulp, paper, and paperboard mills

3221

88.4 2.0 1.0 -0.9 -2.8 0.1 3.0

Converted paper products

3222

260.5 0.7 2.5 -0.5 -1.2 1.9 3.2

Printing and related support activities

323

390.6 1.2 1.1 -0.9 -2.0 0.2 2.3

Printing and related support activities

3231

390.6 1.2 1.1 -0.9 -2.0 0.2 2.3

Petroleum and coal products

324

105.9 1.7 2.5 0.8 -0.9 3.3 4.2

Petroleum and coal products

3241

105.9 1.7 2.5 0.8 -0.9 3.3 4.2

Chemicals

325

883.2 0.9 2.3 0.6 -0.3 2.9 3.2

Basic chemicals

3251

148.4 1.7 1.7 0.3 -1.3 2.0 3.4

Resin, rubber, and artificial fibers

3252

90.1 1.4 2.3 0.0 -1.4 2.3 3.8

Agricultural chemicals

3253

38.4 1.6 2.2 0.4 -1.1 2.7 3.9

Pharmaceuticals and medicines

3254

337.3 -0.8 3.8 1.1 1.9 4.9 2.9

Paints, coatings, and adhesives

3255

65.1 0.4 2.6 -0.3 -0.8 2.2 3.0

Soaps, cleaning compounds, and toiletries

3256

123.4 1.0 1.5 0.9 -0.2 2.3 2.5

Other chemical products and preparations

3259

80.5 1.6 1.4 -0.2 -1.8 1.2 3.0

Plastics and rubber products

326

733.8 1.4 1.7 1.1 -0.3 2.8 3.1

Plastics products

3261

600.3 1.3 1.8 1.3 0.0 3.2 3.1

Rubber products

3262

133.5 1.5 1.4 0.2 -1.4 1.6 2.9

Durable Manufacturing

Wood products

321

437.0 0.9 2.2 0.0 -0.9 2.2 3.1

Sawmills and wood preservation

3211

99.8 1.6 1.6 0.2 -1.4 1.8 3.2

Plywood and engineered wood products

3212

82.9 0.3 2.1 -0.2 -0.5 1.9 2.4

Other wood products

3219

254.3 0.8 2.5 0.1 -0.8 2.6 3.4

Nonmetallic mineral products

327

417.1 0.7 2.0 0.0 -0.7 2.0 2.7

Clay products and refractories

3271

36.6 0.8 1.8 -1.6 -2.3 0.2 2.6

Glass and glass products

3272

86.7 1.8 1.1 0.1 -1.6 1.2 2.9

Cement and concrete products

3273

198.6 -0.2 2.5 0.1 0.2 2.6 2.4

Lime and gypsum products

3274

15.0 1.2 3.0 -0.5 -1.6 2.5 4.2

Other nonmetallic mineral products

3279

80.2 1.1 2.0 0.9 -0.2 2.9 3.1

Primary metals

331

352.3 2.0 0.7 0.1 -1.9 0.8 2.8

Iron and steel mills and ferroalloys

3311

79.7 3.1 -0.3 0.6 -2.4 0.3 2.8

Steel products from purchased steel

3312

53.3 1.1 1.7 0.2 -0.9 1.9 2.8

Alumina and aluminum production

3313

58.2 1.8 1.2 -0.1 -1.8 1.1 3.0

Other nonferrous metal production

3314

56.9 1.2 2.2 -0.6 -1.9 1.6 3.5

Foundries

3315

104.2 1.2 1.4 -0.9 -2.0 0.5 2.6

Fabricated metal products

332

1,410.6 0.9 1.8 0.5 -0.4 2.3 2.7

Forging and stamping

3321

91.3 1.9 0.6 0.8 -1.0 1.4 2.5

Cutlery and handtools

3322

37.3 0.9 1.7 -1.1 -2.0 0.6 2.7

Architectural and structural metals

3323

396.1 0.5 2.3 0.8 0.3 3.2 2.8

Boilers, tanks, and shipping containers

3324

87.1 1.2 1.4 0.5 -0.7 1.9 2.7

Hardware

3325

24.4 0.9 1.1 -1.7 -2.6 -0.6 2.1

Spring and wire products

3326

41.0 1.6 1.5 -0.3 -1.9 1.2 3.2

Machine shops and threaded products

3327

334.7 1.5 1.5 1.7 0.2 3.2 2.9

Coating, engraving, and heat treating metals

3328

128.3 1.4 1.3 1.3 -0.1 2.6 2.7

Other fabricated metal products

3329

270.4 0.4 2.1 -0.2 -0.6 1.9 2.5

Machinery

333

1,059.3 1.6 1.3 0.8 -0.8 2.1 2.9

Agriculture, construction, and mining machinery

3331

197.9 1.8 0.8 1.5 -0.3 2.3 2.6

Industrial machinery

3332

122.4 1.5 1.2 1.1 -0.4 2.3 2.8

Commercial and service industry machinery

3333

87.1 1.0 1.5 -0.7 -1.6 0.8 2.5

HVAC and commercial refrigeration equipment

3334

136.9 1.2 1.7 0.7 -0.5 2.4 2.9

Metalworking machinery

3335

160.3 1.7 1.1 0.1 -1.6 1.2 2.8

Turbine and power transmission equipment

3336

87.0 1.1 1.1 0.2 -0.8 1.4 2.2

Other general purpose machinery

3339

267.7 1.6 1.9 0.9 -0.6 2.8 3.5

Computer and electronic products

334

1,068.8 7.6 -4.2 5.6 -1.9 1.2 3.1

Computer and peripheral equipment

3341

158.6 12.7 -11.0 9.3 -3.0 -2.7 0.3

Communications equipment

3342

85.5 4.7 -1.1 1.6 -2.9 0.5 3.5

Audio and video equipment

3343

19.3 2.8 2.4 -0.9 -3.7 1.4 5.3

Semiconductors and electronic components

3344

373.3 11.1 -7.1 9.6 -1.4 1.8 3.2

Electronic instruments

3345

419.5 2.5 0.6 1.1 -1.3 1.8 3.1

Magnetic media manufacturing and reproducing

3346

12.6 -0.9 1.2 -4.5 -3.7 -3.4 0.3

Electrical equipment and appliances

335

399.3 1.5 1.5 0.0 -1.5 1.5 3.0

Electric lighting equipment

3351

42.6 1.4 1.5 -0.5 -1.9 1.0 3.0

Household appliances

3352

73.3 2.5 0.0 0.7 -1.7 0.7 2.5

Electrical equipment

3353

139.9 1.3 1.6 -0.5 -1.8 1.2 3.0

Other electrical equipment and components

3359

143.5 0.9 2.2 0.0 -0.9 2.2 3.1

Transportation equipment

336

1,653.1 2.1 0.3 1.3 -0.8 1.6 2.4

Motor vehicles

3361

250.4 2.1 0.3 1.5 -0.6 1.8 2.4

Motor vehicle bodies and trailers

3362

164.5 1.5 2.5 2.0 0.5 4.6 4.1

Motor vehicle parts

3363

549.3 2.5 -0.6 2.1 -0.4 1.4 1.9

Aerospace products and parts

3364

482.3 1.4 1.1 -0.1 -1.5 1.0 2.5

Railroad rolling stock

3365

18.3 2.2 0.5 1.7 -0.5 2.3 2.7

Ship and boat building

3366

147.9 1.8 1.8 0.9 -0.9 2.7 3.6

Other transportation equipment

3369

40.4 2.9 0.2 3.3 0.4 3.5 3.2

Furniture and related products

337

397.6 0.9 2.0 -0.5 -1.4 1.5 2.9

Household and institutional furniture

3371

257.8 0.7 2.1 -0.8 -1.5 1.3 2.8

Office furniture and fixtures

3372

101.6 0.9 1.9 -0.3 -1.1 1.6 2.8

Other furniture related products

3379

38.2 1.6 1.6 0.6 -1.0 2.2 3.2

Miscellaneous manufacturing

339

651.2 1.5 1.6 1.2 -0.3 2.8 3.1

Medical equipment and supplies

3391

331.9 1.9 1.4 2.6 0.7 4.0 3.3

Other miscellaneous manufacturing

3399

319.3 1.0 1.7 0.0 -1.0 1.7 2.7
Last Modified Date: April 28, 2022