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Table 2. Long run labor productivity, unit labor costs, and related data

Table 2. Long run labor productivity, unit labor costs, and related data
Industry 2017 NAICS code 2020
Employment
(thousands)
Average annual percent change, 1987-2020
Labor productivity Unit labor costs Output Hours
worked
Labor compen-
sation
Hourly compen-
sation

Wholesale Trade

Wholesale trade

42

5,769.9 2.8 1.0 2.9 0.1 3.9 3.8

Merchant wholesalers, durable goods

423

3,144.4 4.0 -0.1 4.1 0.1 3.9 3.8

Motor vehicles and parts

4231

350.7 3.1 0.6 2.8 -0.3 3.5 3.8

Furniture and furnishings

4232

108.9 1.7 2.2 1.4 -0.3 3.6 4.0

Lumber and construction supplies

4233

247.2 0.6 1.9 1.3 0.7 3.3 2.5

Commercial equipment

4234

697.9 10.9 -6.1 11.1 0.2 4.3 4.1

Metals and minerals

4235

126.4 -0.4 3.9 -0.5 -0.1 3.4 3.5

Appliances and electric goods

4236

342.8 6.6 -2.3 6.2 -0.4 3.8 4.2

Hardware and plumbing

4237

280.0 1.7 1.9 2.5 0.8 4.4 3.6

Machinery and supplies

4238

694.2 1.7 2.1 1.7 -0.1 3.8 3.9

Miscellaneous durable goods

4239

296.3 1.2 2.5 1.5 0.2 4.0 3.8

Merchant wholesalers, nondurable goods

424

2,129.9 1.3 2.7 1.2 -0.1 4.0 4.0

Paper and paper products

4241

123.1 1.5 2.0 0.4 -1.1 2.4 3.6

Druggists' goods

4242

233.3 2.0 4.1 2.9 0.9 7.1 6.2

Apparel and piece goods

4243

131.0 1.7 1.8 0.6 -1.1 2.5 3.6

Grocery and related products

4244

781.3 1.1 2.4 1.5 0.4 3.9 3.5

Farm product raw materials

4245

71.7 1.3 3.4 -0.3 -1.6 3.0 4.7

Chemicals

4246

143.5 0.3 3.3 0.6 0.3 3.9 3.6

Petroleum

4247

104.5 2.6 2.0 1.2 -1.4 3.2 4.7

Alcoholic beverages

4248

201.3 0.7 2.5 2.3 1.5 4.8 3.3

Miscellaneous nondurable goods

4249

340.2 0.5 2.9 -0.1 -0.6 2.9 3.5

Electronic markets and agents and brokers

425

495.6 2.5 -0.1 3.8 1.3 3.7 2.4

Electronic markets and agents and brokers

4251

495.6 2.5 -0.1 3.8 1.3 3.7 2.4

Retail Trade

Retail trade

44-45

15,577.6 3.0 0.0 3.3 0.3 3.3 3.0

Motor vehicle and parts dealers

441

1,960.1 2.3 0.6 2.9 0.5 3.5 3.0

Automobile dealers

4411

1,232.6 2.5 0.6 2.9 0.4 3.5 3.1

Other motor vehicle dealers

4412

160.9 2.8 1.0 3.9 1.1 4.9 3.8

Auto parts, accessories, and tire stores

4413

566.6 1.1 1.3 1.7 0.6 3.1 2.5

Furniture and home furnishings stores

442

445.6 3.8 -0.8 3.4 -0.4 2.6 3.0

Furniture stores

4421

214.5 3.4 -0.6 3.0 -0.4 2.4 2.8

Home furnishings stores

4422

231.1 4.3 -1.1 4.0 -0.3 2.8 3.2

Electronics and appliance stores

443

439.6 10.1 -6.4 9.8 -0.2 2.8 3.0

Electronics and appliance stores

4431

439.6 10.1 -6.4 9.8 -0.2 2.8 3.0

Building material and garden supply stores

444

1,406.2 2.3 0.2 3.3 1.0 3.5 2.5

Building material and supplies dealers

4441

1,228.3 2.1 0.3 3.3 1.2 3.6 2.4

Lawn and garden equipment and supplies stores

4442

177.9 3.3 -0.6 3.3 -0.1 2.7 2.7

Food and beverage stores

445

3,164.8 0.9 2.1 0.9 0.0 3.0 3.1

Grocery stores

4451

2,770.8 0.8 2.3 0.9 0.1 3.2 3.1

Specialty food stores

4452

217.7 0.9 1.6 -0.2 -1.0 1.5 2.5

Beer, wine and liquor stores

4453

176.3 2.3 0.6 1.8 -0.5 2.4 2.9

Health and personal care stores

446

990.0 1.9 1.5 2.6 0.6 4.1 3.5

Health and personal care stores

4461

990.0 1.9 1.5 2.6 0.6 4.1 3.5

Gasoline stations

447

940.9 1.2 1.9 0.9 -0.2 2.9 3.1

Gasoline stations

4471

940.9 1.2 1.9 0.9 -0.2 2.9 3.1

Clothing and clothing accessories stores

448

1,045.4 4.0 -0.9 2.8 -1.1 1.8 3.0

Clothing stores

4481

762.1 4.1 -1.1 3.0 -1.0 1.9 3.0

Shoe stores

4482

150.0 3.0 -0.2 1.6 -1.3 1.4 2.8

Jewelry, luggage, and leather goods stores

4483

133.3 4.2 -0.7 2.6 -1.5 1.9 3.4

Sports, hobby, music instruments, book stores

451

505.3 4.0 -0.9 3.7 -0.3 2.8 3.1

Sporting goods and musical instrument stores

4511

450.4 4.5 -1.3 4.6 0.1 3.2 3.1

Book stores and news dealers

4512

54.9 2.7 0.6 -0.1 -2.7 0.5 3.3

General merchandise stores

452

3,039.6 3.0 -0.7 4.1 1.0 3.4 2.3

Department stores

4522

948.6 0.6 1.0 -0.2 -0.8 0.8 1.6

Other general merchandise stores

4523

2,091.0 4.8 -1.6 7.2 2.3 5.5 3.2

Miscellaneous store retailers

453

880.5 3.4 -0.8 2.9 -0.5 2.1 2.6

Florists

4531

67.4 3.3 -0.2 -0.1 -3.3 -0.2 3.2

Office supplies, stationery and gift stores

4532

204.1 5.2 -2.0 2.7 -2.4 0.6 3.1

Used merchandise stores

4533

188.4 4.4 -1.6 5.1 0.7 3.4 2.7

Other miscellaneous store retailers

4539

420.6 1.3 0.5 2.6 1.3 3.1 1.7

Nonstore retailers

454

759.6 8.5 -3.9 9.4 0.9 5.2 4.3

Electronic shopping and mail-order houses

4541

527.0 9.8 -4.7 14.3 4.1 9.0 4.7

Vending machine operators

4542

37.2 1.4 1.9 -1.7 -3.1 0.2 3.3

Direct selling establishments

4543

195.4 3.0 -0.2 1.2 -1.7 1.0 2.8

Table of Contents

Last Modified Date: July 29, 2021