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Table 2. Long run labor productivity, unit labor costs, and related data

Table 2. Long run labor productivity, unit labor costs, and related data
Industry 2017 NAICS code 2021
Employment
(thousands)
Average annual percent change, 1987-2021
Labor productivity Unit labor costs Output Hours
worked
Labor compen-
sation
Hourly compen-
sation

Wholesale trade

42

5,832.5 2.8 1.1 2.9 0.2 4.1 3.9

Merchant wholesalers, durable goods

423

3,190.0 4.1 -0.1 4.2 0.1 4.1 4.0

Motor vehicles and parts

4231

347.1 3.2 0.7 2.9 -0.3 3.6 3.9

Furniture and furnishings

4232

115.2 1.9 2.0 1.8 0.0 3.8 3.8

Lumber and construction supplies

4233

249.2 0.7 2.2 1.4 0.7 3.6 2.9

Commercial equipment

4234

695.7 10.8 -6.0 11.1 0.2 4.4 4.2

Metals and minerals

4235

126.8 -0.2 3.9 -0.2 -0.1 3.6 3.7

Appliances and electric goods

4236

352.6 6.8 -2.4 6.5 -0.3 4.0 4.3

Hardware and plumbing

4237

293.5 1.6 2.1 2.5 0.9 4.6 3.7

Machinery and supplies

4238

700.7 1.8 2.1 1.8 0.0 3.9 3.9

Miscellaneous durable goods

4239

309.2 1.8 2.2 2.2 0.3 4.4 4.0

Merchant wholesalers, nondurable goods

424

2,155.3 1.2 2.7 1.3 0.1 4.1 4.0

Paper and paper products

4241

117.5 1.4 2.0 0.5 -0.9 2.5 3.4

Druggists' goods

4242

246.5 1.8 4.0 3.0 1.2 7.2 5.9

Apparel and piece goods

4243

144.1 1.8 1.7 1.2 -0.6 3.0 3.6

Grocery and related products

4244

783.9 1.3 2.2 1.8 0.5 4.0 3.5

Farm product raw materials

4245

71.2 0.8 3.7 -0.6 -1.5 3.0 4.6

Chemicals

4246

150.0 0.5 3.2 0.8 0.3 4.0 3.7

Petroleum

4247

101.2 2.2 2.2 0.9 -1.3 3.1 4.4

Alcoholic beverages

4248

199.7 1.0 2.3 2.5 1.5 4.8 3.3

Miscellaneous nondurable goods

4249

341.2 0.4 3.2 -0.1 -0.5 3.1 3.6

Electronic markets and agents and brokers

425

487.2 2.0 0.4 3.3 1.3 3.8 2.5

Electronic markets and agents and brokers

4251

487.2 2.0 0.4 3.3 1.3 3.8 2.5

Retail trade

44-45

16,208.4 3.1 0.1 3.5 0.4 3.6 3.2

Motor vehicle and parts dealers

441

1,998.8 2.4 1.1 3.0 0.6 4.1 3.5

Automobile dealers

4411

1,255.9 2.5 1.1 3.0 0.5 4.2 3.6

Other motor vehicle dealers

4412

174.3 3.0 1.1 4.1 1.2 5.3 4.1

Auto parts, accessories, and tire stores

4413

568.6 1.4 1.3 2.0 0.5 3.3 2.8

Furniture and home furnishings stores

442

469.3 4.0 -0.8 3.8 -0.2 2.9 3.1

Furniture stores

4421

224.6 3.6 -0.5 3.3 -0.2 2.8 3.0

Home furnishings stores

4422

244.7 4.5 -1.2 4.3 -0.2 3.1 3.3

Electronics and appliance stores

443

447.2 10.4 -6.5 10.2 -0.2 3.0 3.3

Electronics and appliance stores

4431

447.2 10.4 -6.5 10.2 -0.2 3.0 3.3

Building material and garden supply stores

444

1,453.3 2.1 0.4 3.3 1.1 3.6 2.5

Building material and supplies dealers

4441

1,251.6 2.0 0.4 3.3 1.3 3.7 2.5

Lawn and garden equipment and supplies stores

4442

201.7 2.9 -0.2 3.3 0.4 3.0 2.6

Food and beverage stores

445

3,214.0 0.9 2.2 0.8 0.0 3.0 3.1

Grocery stores

4451

2,794.1 0.7 2.4 0.8 0.1 3.2 3.1

Specialty food stores

4452

240.7 0.7 1.8 0.0 -0.7 1.8 2.6

Beer, wine and liquor stores

4453

179.2 2.5 0.7 1.8 -0.6 2.5 3.1

Health and personal care stores

446

1,070.3 2.0 1.3 2.8 0.8 4.2 3.3

Health and personal care stores

4461

1,070.3 2.0 1.3 2.8 0.8 4.2 3.3

Gasoline stations

447

949.0 1.3 1.8 1.1 -0.2 3.0 3.2

Gasoline stations

4471

949.0 1.3 1.8 1.1 -0.2 3.0 3.2

Clothing and clothing accessories stores

448

1,135.9 4.6 -1.4 3.7 -0.8 2.3 3.1

Clothing stores

4481

805.2 4.7 -1.7 4.0 -0.7 2.2 2.9

Shoe stores

4482

164.8 3.7 -0.7 2.5 -1.2 1.8 3.0

Jewelry, luggage, and leather goods stores

4483

165.9 4.5 -0.6 3.6 -0.9 2.9 3.8

Sports, hobby, music instruments, book stores

451

574.3 4.2 -1.0 4.2 0.0 3.1 3.1

Sporting goods and musical instrument stores

4511

505.9 4.9 -1.6 5.2 0.3 3.5 3.2

Book stores and news dealers

4512

68.4 1.0 1.5 -0.7 -1.6 0.9 2.5

General merchandise stores

452

3,099.8 3.0 -0.5 4.2 1.1 3.6 2.5

Department stores

4522

937.0 1.0 1.0 0.3 -0.8 1.2 2.0

Other general merchandise stores

4523

2,162.8 4.7 -1.4 7.1 2.3 5.6 3.2

Miscellaneous store retailers

453

959.5 3.5 -0.7 3.3 -0.2 2.6 2.7

Florists

4531

79.0 2.7 1.0 -0.1 -2.6 1.0 3.7

Office supplies, stationery and gift stores

4532

207.8 5.7 -2.4 3.3 -2.3 0.9 3.2

Used merchandise stores

4533

231.8 4.4 -1.7 5.8 1.3 4.0 2.6

Other miscellaneous store retailers

4539

440.9 1.4 0.5 2.9 1.5 3.5 2.0

Nonstore retailers

454

837.0 8.6 -3.9 9.7 1.0 5.5 4.5

Electronic shopping and mail-order houses

4541

588.7 9.9 -4.6 14.6 4.2 9.3 4.9

Vending machine operators

4542

33.4 1.7 2.1 -1.8 -3.5 0.3 3.9

Direct selling establishments

4543

214.9 3.2 -0.2 1.6 -1.6 1.4 3.0
Last Modified Date: July 28, 2022