Table 2. Long run labor productivity, unit labor costs, and related data






Table 2. Long run labor productivity, unit labor costs, and related data
Industry 2012 NAICS code 2015
Employment
(thousands)
Average annual percent change, 1987-2015
Labor productivity Unit labor costs Output Hours worked Labor compensation

Utilities

Utilities

22

556.0 2.2 1.5 1.4 -0.8 2.9

Utilities

221

556.0 2.2 1.5 1.4 -0.8 2.9

Power generation and supply

2211

394.2 3.1 0.5 2.1 -1.0 2.7

Natural gas distribution

2212

112.9 0.6 3.8 -0.3 -1.0 3.5

Water, sewage and other systems

2213

48.9 -1.6 4.5 0.8 2.5 5.4

Transportation and Warehousing

Air transportation

481

434.9 3.1 0.6 2.6 -0.4 3.3

Line-haul railroads

482111

189.8 3.6 -0.3 2.0 -1.5 1.7

Truck transportation(1)

484

1,668.9 0.6 0.9 2.1 1.5 3.0

General freight trucking(1)

4841

1,193.1 1.1 1.0 2.4 1.3 3.4

General freight trucking, local(1)

48411

313.1 2.4 0.2 3.6 1.2 3.8

General freight trucking, long-distance

48412

880.0 1.2 0.4 2.3 1.1 2.7

Specialized freight trucking(2)

4842

475.8 0.7 1.8 2.2 1.4 4.0

Used household and office goods moving

48421

98.7 -0.7 2.6 -0.2 0.5 2.4

Other specialized trucking, local(2)

48422

236.9 0.1 2.4 1.9 1.8 4.4

Other specialized trucking, long-distance(2)

48423

140.1 1.3 1.2 3.9 2.5 5.1

Postal service

491

596.9 0.5 3.2 -0.7 -1.2 2.5

Postal service

4911

596.9 0.5 3.2 -0.7 -1.2 2.5

Couriers and messengers

492

641.5 -1.9 3.3 0.4 2.4 3.7

Warehousing and storage(1)

493

837.4 2.2 0.0 5.8 3.5 5.7

Warehousing and storage(1)

4931

837.4 2.2 0.0 5.8 3.5 5.7

General warehousing and storage(1)

49311

725.4 3.4 -0.9 7.2 3.6 6.2

Refrigerated warehousing and storage(1)

49312

55.9 -0.3 1.7 2.8 3.1 4.6

Information

Publishing

511

770.9 3.7 1.5 3.4 -0.3 4.9

Newspaper, book, and directory publishers

5111

435.8 -0.4 4.4 -2.6 -2.2 1.7

Newspaper publishers

51111

201.2 -1.2 4.4 -4.3 -3.1 -0.1

Periodical publishers

51112

113.5 -0.8 5.1 -1.6 -0.8 3.4

Book publishers

51113

72.7 -0.4 5.0 -0.9 -0.5 4.1

Software publishers

5112

335.1 11.6 -6.0 18.1 5.9 11.1

Motion picture and video exhibition

51213

137.9 1.9 1.8 1.8 -0.1 3.6

Broadcasting, except Internet

515

289.4 2.9 1.8 3.0 0.1 4.8

Radio and television broadcasting

5151

227.9 1.9 2.1 1.6 -0.3 3.7

Radio broadcasting

51511

92.9 3.7 1.6 2.6 -1.0 4.3

Cable and other subscription programming

5152

61.5 5.1 2.7 6.9 1.7 9.8

Wired telecommunications carriers

5171

598.0 3.7 -0.8 2.8 -0.9 1.9

Wireless telecommunications carriers

5172

129.8 11.7 -6.7 19.1 6.6 11.1

Finance and Insurance

Commercial banking

52211

1,284.7 3.4 1.8 3.2 -0.2 5.1

Real Estate and Rental and Leasing

Passenger car rental

532111

120.2 1.8 2.0 2.7 0.9 4.8

Truck, trailer, and RV rental and leasing

53212

72.2 2.2 1.1 2.5 0.4 3.6

Video tape and disc rental

53223

14.1 6.8 -2.1 -1.2 -7.4 -3.3

Professional and Technical Services

Accounting and bookkeeping services(3)

5412

1,126.6 2.6 1.2 3.4 0.7 4.5

Accounting and bookkeeping services(3)

54121

1,126.6 2.6 1.2 3.4 0.7 4.5

Offices of certified public accountants(3)

541211

468.3 1.9 2.4 2.9 1.1 5.4

Tax preparation services

541213

139.9 0.5 1.8 2.4 1.9 4.2

Other accounting services(3)

541219

346.6 4.7 -2.1 4.9 0.2 2.7

Architectural services

54131

191.4 1.5 1.9 2.4 0.9 4.4

Engineering services

54133

963.7 1.2 3.0 2.8 1.6 5.9

Advertising agencies

54181

218.1 1.6 2.5 2.2 0.6 4.7

Photography studios, portrait

541921

59.5 0.2 1.8 1.2 1.0 3.0

Veterinary services(4)

54194

358.2 -1.1 4.1 1.3 2.5 5.5

Administrative and Waste Services

Employment placement and executive search(5)

56131

301.6 4.1 0.3 5.1 1.0 5.5

Travel arrangement and reservation services(3)

5615

226.0 6.2 -1.2 3.6 -2.4 2.3

Travel agencies

56151

100.0 5.5 -0.6 4.2 -1.2 3.5

Janitorial services

56172

1,354.2 1.9 1.5 3.5 1.6 5.0

Health Care and Social Assistance

Medical and diagnostic laboratories(5)

6215

270.3 2.0 0.5 5.1 3.1 5.7

Medical laboratories(5)

621511

194.4 1.8 0.5 5.1 3.2 5.6

Diagnostic imaging centers(5)

621512

75.9 2.2 0.7 5.2 2.9 6.0

Hospitals, except psychiatric and substance abuse hospitals(6)

6221,3

4,675.9 0.5 3.3 1.9 1.4 5.3

Arts, Entertainment, and Recreation

Amusement parks and arcades(7)

7131

203.4 -2.7 6.2 -0.9 1.9 5.2

Amusement and theme parks

71311

179.6 -0.8 4.2 1.9 2.8 6.2

Gambling industries(3)

7132

136.2 2.0 2.4 2.0 0.1 4.4

Golf courses and country clubs(2)

71391

382.4 -1.2 4.2 -0.1 1.1 4.1

Fitness and recreational sports centers(2)

71394

601.9 3.7 -0.8 4.0 0.3 3.2

Bowling centers

71395

68.6 0.5 2.7 -1.1 -1.6 1.5

Accommodation and Food Services

Accommodation and food services

72

13,279.1 0.8 2.7 2.3 1.5 5.1

Accommodation

721

1,953.9 2.1 1.7 2.8 0.7 4.5

Traveler accommodation

7211

1,868.4 2.1 1.7 2.8 0.7 4.5

Hotels and motels, except casino hotels

72111

1,565.1 1.5 2.4 2.2 0.7 4.7

Food services and drinking places

722

11,325.2 0.4 3.1 2.1 1.7 5.3

Special food services

7223

807.0 1.0 1.6 2.4 1.4 4.0

Drinking places, alcoholic beverages

7224

383.3 -0.5 3.5 -0.6 -0.1 2.8

Restaurants and other eating places

72251

10,134.9 0.5 3.3 2.3 1.8 5.6

Full-service restaurants

722511

5,254.0 0.6 3.6 2.3 1.7 6.0

Limited-service eating places

722513,4,5

4,880.9 0.4 2.8 2.3 1.9 5.1

Other Services

Automotive repair and maintenance

8111

1,131.6 1.0 2.3 1.4 0.4 3.7

Reupholstery and furniture repair

81142

20.5 -0.5 3.4 -2.7 -2.2 0.6

Personal care services

8121

1,198.0 2.4 1.6 3.4 1.0 5.1

Hair, nail, and skin care services

81211

974.7 2.3 1.7 3.0 0.7 4.8

Funeral homes and funeral services

81221

110.5 -0.4 4.1 -0.3 0.1 3.9

Drycleaning and laundry services

8123

310.3 2.0 1.5 1.0 -0.9 2.5

Coin-operated laundries and drycleaners

81231

40.2 2.5 1.7 0.5 -2.0 2.2

Drycleaning and laundry services

81232

143.1 0.8 2.1 -1.1 -1.9 1.0

Linen and uniform supply

81233

127.0 2.1 1.1 2.9 0.8 4.0

Photofinishing

81292

11.6 2.6 2.0 -4.3 -6.7 -2.4

Footnotes
(1) For NAICS industries 484, 4841, 48411, 493, 4931, 49311, and 49312, average annual percent changes are for 1992-2015.
(2) For NAICS industries 4842, 484220, 484230, 71391, and 71394, average annual percent changes are for 2002-2015.
(3) For NAICS industries 5412, 54121, 541211, 541219, 5615, and 7132, average annual percent changes are for 1997-2015.
(4) For NAICS industry 54194, average annual percent changes are for 2004-2015.
(5) For NAICS industries 56131, 6215, 621511, and 621512, average annual percent changes are for 1994-2015.
(6) For NAICS industry 6221,3, average annual percent changes are for 1993-2014. Employment is for 2014.
(7) For NAICS industry 7131, average annual percent changes are for 2007-2015.

Table of Contents

Last Modified Date: May 18, 2017