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Table 2. Long run labor productivity, unit labor costs, and related data






Table 2. Long run labor productivity, unit labor costs, and related data
Industry 2012 NAICS code 2017
Employment
(thousands)
Average annual percent change, 1987-2017
Labor productivity Unit labor costs Output Hours worked Labor compensation

Utilities

Utilities

22

555.4 2.0 1.6 1.3 -0.7 2.9

Utilities

221

555.4 2.0 1.6 1.3 -0.7 2.9

Power generation and supply

2211

392.7 2.8 0.8 1.9 -0.9 2.7

Natural gas distribution

2212

112.1 0.7 3.6 -0.3 -1.0 3.3

Water, sewage and other systems

2213

50.6 -1.8 4.7 0.7 2.5 5.4

Transportation and Warehousing

Air transportation

481

468.2 3.0 0.9 2.7 -0.3 3.6

Line-haul railroads

482111

167.8 3.6 -0.4 1.8 -1.7 1.4

Truck transportation(1)

484

1,667.3 0.7 1.0 2.0 1.3 3.0

General freight trucking(1)

4841

1,194.8 1.1 1.0 2.3 1.2 3.4

General freight trucking, local(1)

48411

317.7 2.7 0.2 3.7 1.0 3.9

General freight trucking, long-distance

48412

877.1 1.3 0.5 2.2 0.9 2.8

Specialized freight trucking(2)

4842

472.5 0.8 1.9 1.9 1.1 3.8

Used household and office goods moving

48421

101.1 -0.4 2.6 -0.1 0.3 2.5

Other specialized trucking, local(2)

48422

233.8 0.3 2.3 1.7 1.4 4.1

Other specialized trucking, long-distance(2)

48423

137.6 1.1 1.3 3.2 2.0 4.6

Postal service

491

615.4 0.4 2.9 -0.6 -1.0 2.3

Postal service

4911

615.4 0.4 2.9 -0.6 -1.0 2.3

Couriers and messengers

492

710.8 -1.9 3.2 0.6 2.6 3.9

Warehousing and storage(1)

493

1,037.8 1.4 0.3 5.6 4.1 5.8

Warehousing and storage(1)

4931

1,037.8 1.4 0.3 5.6 4.1 5.8

General warehousing and storage(1)

49311

914.9 2.5 -0.5 6.9 4.3 6.4

Refrigerated warehousing and storage(1)

49312

62.5 -0.2 1.5 2.9 3.1 4.4

Information

Publishing

511

760.5 3.8 1.6 3.3 -0.5 5.0

Newspaper, book, and directory publishers

5111

379.0 0.1 4.0 -2.5 -2.6 1.3

Newspaper publishers

51111

168.8 -0.6 4.0 -4.2 -3.7 -0.5

Periodical publishers

51112

102.3 -0.4 4.7 -1.6 -1.2 3.0

Book publishers

51113

66.4 -0.2 4.7 -0.9 -0.7 3.7

Software publishers

5112

381.5 10.8 -5.2 17.2 5.8 11.1

Motion picture and video exhibition

51213

148.9 1.4 2.0 1.8 0.4 3.8

Broadcasting, except Internet

515

276.3 3.0 1.7 2.9 -0.1 4.6

Radio and television broadcasting

5151

222.2 2.2 1.7 1.8 -0.4 3.5

Radio broadcasting

51511

87.5 3.7 1.1 2.5 -1.2 3.6

Cable and other subscription programming

5152

54.1 5.2 2.9 6.4 1.2 9.5

Wired telecommunications carriers

5171

586.6 3.6 -0.7 2.6 -0.9 1.9

Wireless telecommunications carriers

5172

120.3 11.9 -6.9 18.5 5.9 10.4

Finance and Insurance

Commercial banking

52211

1,323.6 3.0 2.0 3.0 0.0 5.0

Real Estate and Rental and Leasing

Passenger car rental

532111

122.3 2.1 1.4 3.1 1.0 4.6

Truck, trailer, and RV rental and leasing

53212

79.8 1.9 1.1 2.7 0.7 3.8

Video tape and disc rental

53223

10.3 6.7 -2.3 -2.3 -8.4 -4.6

Professional and Technical Services

Accounting and bookkeeping services(3)

5412

1,151.7 2.6 1.0 3.3 0.6 4.4

Accounting and bookkeeping services(3)

54121

1,151.7 2.6 1.0 3.3 0.6 4.4

Offices of certified public accountants(3)

541211

489.5 2.0 2.1 3.0 1.0 5.2

Tax preparation services

541213

137.2 0.5 2.1 2.0 1.5 4.2

Other accounting services(3)

541219

353.3 4.6 -1.8 4.7 0.1 2.8

Architectural services

54131

208.9 1.4 1.9 2.6 1.2 4.5

Engineering services

54133

994.2 1.2 2.7 2.8 1.6 5.6

Advertising agencies

54181

219.0 1.9 2.1 2.4 0.5 4.6

Photography studios, portrait

541921

58.4 0.3 1.7 1.2 1.0 2.9

Veterinary services(4)

54194

386.4 -0.2 3.4 2.3 2.6 5.8

Administrative and Waste Services

Employment placement and executive search(5)

56131

303.3 4.3 0.0 5.3 1.0 5.3

Travel arrangement and reservation services(3)

5615

245.8 6.0 -1.0 4.1 -1.8 3.0

Travel agencies

56151

107.5 5.6 -0.7 4.6 -0.9 3.8

Janitorial services

56172

1,465.6 1.7 1.8 3.4 1.8 5.3

Health Care and Social Assistance

Medical and diagnostic laboratories(5)

6215

282.1 1.9 0.5 5.0 3.0 5.5

Medical laboratories(5)

621511

201.1 1.9 0.5 5.0 3.0 5.5

Diagnostic imaging centers(5)

621512

81.0 2.1 0.8 5.0 2.8 5.8

Hospitals, except psychiatric and substance abuse hospitals(6)

6221,3

4,886.1 0.5 3.2 2.0 1.5 5.3

Arts, Entertainment, and Recreation

Amusement parks and arcades(7)

7131

210.6 -1.4 5.3 -0.7 0.8 4.6

Amusement and theme parks

71311

182.5 -0.5 4.0 1.8 2.3 5.9

Gambling industries(3)

7132

131.4 2.1 2.0 2.1 0.0 4.2

Golf courses and country clubs(2)

71391

395.4 -1.2 4.1 0.1 1.3 4.2

Fitness and recreational sports centers(2)

71394

658.5 3.7 -0.7 4.4 0.7 3.7

Bowling centers

71395

68.8 0.7 3.0 -1.1 -1.7 1.9

Accommodation and Food Services

Accommodation and food services

72

13,978.8 0.8 2.7 2.3 1.6 5.1

Accommodation

721

2,027.2 1.9 1.8 2.7 0.8 4.6

Traveler accommodation

7211

1,934.1 2.0 1.8 2.8 0.8 4.6

Hotels and motels, except casino hotels

72111

1,624.4 1.4 2.5 2.2 0.8 4.7

Food services and drinking places

722

11,951.6 0.4 3.0 2.2 1.8 5.3

Special food services

7223

843.4 1.2 1.5 2.5 1.2 4.0

Drinking places, alcoholic beverages

7224

405.5 -0.3 3.1 -0.1 0.2 3.0

Restaurants and other eating places

72251

10,702.7 0.4 3.2 2.3 1.9 5.6

Full-service restaurants

722511

5,482.2 0.5 3.6 2.3 1.7 6.0

Limited-service eating places

722513,4,5

5,220.5 0.4 2.8 2.4 2.0 5.2

Other Services

Automotive repair and maintenance

8111

1,129.1 1.1 2.1 1.5 0.4 3.7

Reupholstery and furniture repair

81142

21.0 -0.9 3.8 -2.8 -2.0 0.8

Personal care services

8121

1,262.9 2.2 1.7 3.4 1.2 5.2

Hair, nail, and skin care services

81211

1,037.0 2.0 1.8 3.0 1.0 4.9

Funeral homes and funeral services

81221

109.5 -0.2 3.9 -0.3 0.0 3.6

Drycleaning and laundry services

8123

313.5 2.0 1.5 1.1 -0.9 2.6

Coin-operated laundries and drycleaners

81231

42.7 2.3 1.8 0.4 -1.9 2.3

Drycleaning and laundry services

81232

138.1 0.8 2.2 -1.2 -1.9 1.0

Linen and uniform supply

81233

132.7 2.3 0.9 3.1 0.8 4.1

Photofinishing

81292

10.4 3.4 1.7 -4.0 -7.1 -2.4

Footnotes
(1) For NAICS industries 484, 4841, 48411, 493, 4931, 49311, and 49312, average annual percent changes are for 1992-2017.
(2) For NAICS industries 4842, 48422, 48423, 71391, and 71394, average annual percent changes are for 2002-2017.
(3) For NAICS industries 5412, 54121, 541211, 541219, 5615, and 7132, average annual percent changes are for 1997-2017.
(4) For NAICS industry 54194, average annual percent changes are for 2004-2017.
(5) For NAICS industries 56131, 6215, 621511, and 621512, average annual percent changes are for 1994-2017.
(6) For NAICS industry 6221,3, average annual percent changes are for 1993-2016. Employment is for 2016.
(7) For NAICS industry 7131, average annual percent changes are for 2007-2017.

Table of Contents

Last Modified Date: May 23, 2019