Productivity and Costs News Release



Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until     USDL 17-0140                  
8:30 a.m. (EST) Thursday, February 2, 2017

Technical information: (202) 691-5606    dprweb@bls.gov  www.bls.gov/lpc
Media contact:         (202) 691-5902    PressOffice@bls.gov

(NOTE: This release was reissued February 8, 2017 to correct 2015 annual 
average data for the nonfinancial corporate sector as shown in table 6 and 
appendix table 1. These measures reflect corrected source data on output 
reissued by the Bureau of Economic Analysis on February 6, 2017.)


                            PRODUCTIVITY AND COSTS         
                Fourth Quarter and Annual Averages 2016, Preliminary

Nonfarm business sector labor productivity increased at a 1.3-percent annual 
rate during the fourth quarter of 2016, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics 
reported today, as output increased 2.2 percent and hours worked increased 0.9 
percent. (All quarterly percent changes in this release are seasonally 
adjusted annual rates.) From the fourth quarter of 2015 to the fourth quarter 
of 2016, productivity increased 1.0 percent, reflecting increases in output 
and hours worked of 2.2 percent and 1.1 percent, respectively. (See table A1.) 
Annual average productivity increased 0.2 percent from 2015 to 2016. (See 
table C1.) 

Labor productivity, or output per hour, is calculated by dividing an index of 
real output by an index of hours worked of all persons, including employees, 
proprietors, and unpaid family workers.

Unit labor costs in the nonfarm business sector increased 1.7 percent in the 
fourth quarter of 2016, reflecting a 3.0-percent increase in hourly 
compensation and a 1.3-percent increase in productivity. Unit labor costs 
increased 1.9 percent over the last four quarters. (See tables A1 and 2.) 

BLS calculates unit labor costs as the ratio of hourly compensation to labor 
productivity. Increases in hourly compensation tend to increase unit labor 
costs, and increases in output per hour tend to reduce them.

Manufacturing sector labor productivity increased 0.7 percent in the fourth 
quarter of 2016, as output increased 0.8 percent and hours worked were 
unchanged. Output per hour increased 0.1 percent in the durable goods 
manufacturing sector and 1.8 percent in the nondurable goods sector. Over the 
last four quarters, manufacturing sector productivity increased 0.4 percent, 
output increased 0.2 percent, and hours worked decreased 0.2 percent. (See 
tables A1, 3, 4, and 5.)  Unit labor costs in manufacturing increased 3.3 
percent in the fourth quarter of 2016 and rose 2.2 percent from the same 
quarter a year ago. Hourly compensation increased 4.1 percent in the fourth 
quarter of 2016.

The concepts, sources, and methods used for the manufacturing output series 
differ from those used in the business and nonfarm business output series; 
these output measures are not directly comparable. See the Technical Notes for 
a more detailed explanation. 

Annual averages

Table C1 presents annual average changes for the most recent 5 years for the 
nonfarm business sector and the total manufacturing sector. Nonfarm business 
sector productivity grew 0.2 percent in 2016, as output and hours increased 
1.7 percent and 1.5 percent, respectively. The increase in hours was the 
smallest since a 0.1-percent decrease in 2010. Productivity has increased at 
an annual rate of less than 1.0 percent in each of the last 6 years. The 
average annual rate of nonfarm business sector productivity growth from 2007 
to 2016--corresponding to the current business cycle--is 1.1 percent, well 
below the long-term rate from 1947 to 2016 of 2.1 percent.

Unit labor costs in the nonfarm business sector rose 2.6 percent in 2016, 
reflecting increases of 2.8 percent in hourly compensation and 0.2 percent in 
productivity. The increase in unit labor costs is the largest since 2007, when 
unit labor costs rose 2.7 percent. Real hourly compensation, which takes into 
account changes in consumer prices, increased 1.5 percent in 2016.

In the manufacturing sector, productivity increased 0.6 percent in 2016, as 
output increased 0.2 percent and hours worked decreased 0.4 percent. The 
decrease in the annual hours series was the first since a 12.9-percent annual 
decrease in 2009. Manufacturing sector productivity has increased at an annual 
rate of less than 1.0 percent in each of the last 4 years. The average annual 
rate of manufacturing productivity growth from 2007 to 2016 is 1.7 percent, 
which is below the long-term rate from 1987 to 2016 of 3.2 percent. Unit labor 
costs increased 2.6 percent in 2016. 

Revised measures                

Revised and previously published measures for the third quarter of 2016 are 
shown in tables A2 and B1 and cover the following major sectors: nonfarm 
business, business, manufacturing, and nonfinancial corporations.

In the third quarter of 2016, nonfarm business productivity was revised up 0.4 
percentage point, to an increase of 3.5 percent. (See table B1.) Unit labor 
costs in the nonfarm business sector increased 0.2 percent in the third 
quarter--rather than 0.7 percent as previously reported.

In the manufacturing sector, productivity was revised down 0.4 percentage
point to show no change in the third quarter of 2016. Manufacturing unit labor
costs increased 3.3 percent, the same rate as previously reported.

In the nonfinancial corporate sector, productivity was revised down 0.6 
percentage point in the third quarter of 2016, to an increase of 6.5 percent. 
This downward revision to productivity is due primarily to a 0.5-percentage 
point downward revision to output. (See table A2.) This release incorporates 
revised historical source data on output in nonfinancial corporations, 
published December 22, 2016 by the Bureau of Economic Analysis. This led to 
revisions back to 1947 for all quarterly and annual output-related measures 
including productivity and unit labor costs. The average annual rate of 
productivity growth from 2007 to 2015 in the nonfinancial corporate sector was 
revised down from 1.3 percent to 0.9 percent. The long-term rate for average 
annual productivity growth from 1947 to 2015 was revised down 0.1 percentage 
point to 2.2 percent.

Quarterly and annual data for all sectors from 2014 to 2016 appear in tables 
1-6. Historical annual indexes for the nonfinancial corporate sector can be 
found in appendix table 1. Full historical measures can be found on the 
Productivity and Costs home page: www.bls.gov/lpc/#data.
______________  






==============================================================================
                Methodology change for hours worked
                
Beginning with the Productivity and Costs news release scheduled for March 8,
2017, an improvement in the methodology for estimating hours worked will be
implemented. As a result, hours worked and related measures, including labor 
productivity, will be subject to revision for all sectors from 1989 forward. 
For more information see: www.bls.gov/lpc/hwhpnew.htm.
==============================================================================


The revised Productivity and Costs news release for fourth-quarter 2016 is 
scheduled to be released on Wednesday, March 8, 2017 at 8:30 a.m. (EST).


Calendar year 2017 release dates for Productivity and Costs news 
releases are now available at www.bls.gov/schedule/news_release/prod2.htm.





=========================================================================================================================
Table A1. Labor productivity growth and related measures – preliminary fourth-quarter 2016
(percent change from previous quarter at annual rate and from same quarter a year ago)


                                                Labor                   Hours    Hourly         Real hourly    Unit labor
Sector                  Percent change from:    productivity   Output   worked   compensation   compensation   costs
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Nonfarm Business        Previous quarter          1.3           2.2      0.9         3.0           -0.4          1.7
                        A year ago                1.0           2.2      1.1         2.9            1.1          1.9
                        
Business                Previous quarter          2.0           2.2      0.2         3.9            0.4          1.8
                        A year ago                1.2           2.2      1.0         3.1            1.2          1.8
                        
Manufacturing           Previous quarter          0.7           0.8      0.0         4.1            0.6          3.3
                        A Year ago                0.4           0.2     -0.2         2.6            0.7          2.2
 
 Durable                Previous quarter          0.1           0.7      0.7         3.9            0.4          3.8
 Manufacturing          A year ago                1.1           0.8     -0.2         2.7            0.9          1.6
  
 Nondurable             Previous quarter          1.8           0.8     -1.0         4.3            0.8          2.4
 Manufacturing          A year ago               -0.4          -0.5     -0.1         2.3            0.5          2.8
=========================================================================================================================



=========================================================================================================================
Table A2. Labor productivity growth and related measures – revised and previously published third-quarter 2016 
(percent change from previous quarter at annual rate)
        

                                                Labor                   Hours    Hourly         Real hourly    Unit labor
Sector                                          productivity   Output   worked   compensation   compensation   costs
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------  
Nonfinancial          Revised                     6.5           7.8      1.2         4.1            2.4         -2.2    
Corporations    Previously published              7.1           8.3      1.1         4.3            2.6         -2.7
=========================================================================================================================



=========================================================================================================================
Table B1. Labor productivity growth and related measures – revised and previously published third-quarter 2016
(percent change from previous quarter at annual rate) 


                                                Labor                   Hours    Hourly         Real hourly    Unit labor
Sector                                          productivity   Output   worked   compensation   compensation   costs
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Nonfarm Business         Revised                  3.5           4.2      0.6         3.7            2.1          0.2
                   Previously published           3.1           3.6      0.5         3.8            2.2          0.7
                        
Business                 Revised                  3.9           4.3      0.4         4.0            2.3          0.0
                   Previously published           3.5           3.9      0.3         4.1            2.4          0.6
                        
Manufacturing            Revised                  0.0           0.6      0.5         3.4            1.7          3.3
                   Previously published           0.4           0.6      0.3         3.7            2.0          3.3
 
 Durable                 Revised                  2.1           2.2      0.1         3.8            2.1          1.7
 Manufacturing     Previously published           3.0           2.7     -0.3         4.2            2.5          1.2
  
 Nondurable              Revised                 -2.7          -1.5      1.3         2.6            1.0          5.5
 Manufacturing     Previously published          -3.0          -1.9      1.1         2.8            1.2          6.0
=========================================================================================================================



=========================================================================================================================
Table C1. Labor productivity growth and related measures – annual average changes: 2012-2016


                                                Labor                   Hours    Hourly         Real hourly    Unit labor
Sector                  Year                    productivity   Output   worked   compensation   compensation   costs
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Nonfarm Business        2016                      0.2           1.7      1.5         2.8            1.5          2.6
                        2015                      0.9           3.1      2.1         2.9            2.8          2.0
                        2014                      0.8           3.0      2.2         2.8            1.1          2.0    
                        2013                      0.3           2.0      1.7         1.2           -0.3          0.9
                        2012                      0.9           3.1      2.2         2.7            0.6          1.7
                        
Manufacturing           2016                      0.6           0.2     -0.4         3.3            2.0          2.6
                        2015                      0.3           1.2      0.8         2.5            2.4          2.2
                        2014                      0.1           1.7      1.6         2.8            1.1          2.7
                        2013                      0.2           1.0      0.8         0.2           -1.2          0.0
                        2012                      1.7           4.1      2.3         1.7           -0.3          0.0
=========================================================================================================================



				  TECHNICAL NOTES

Labor Hours

Hours data for the labor productivity and cost measures include hours worked 
for all persons working in the sector—wage and salary workers, the self-
employed and unpaid family workers. The primary source of hours and employment 
data is the BLS Current Employment Statistics (CES) program, which provides 
monthly survey data on the number of jobs held by wage and salary workers in 
nonfarm establishments, counting a person who is employed by two or more 
establishments at each place of employment. The CES also provides average 
weekly paid hours of production and nonsupervisory workers in these 
establishments. Weekly paid hours are adjusted to hours at work using data 
from the National Compensation Survey (NCS) for 2001 forward and data from the 
BLS Hours at Work survey, conducted for this purpose, for earlier years. The 
Office of Productivity and Technology estimates average weekly hours at work 
for nonproduction and supervisory workers using information from the Current 
Population Survey (CPS), the CES, and the NCS.

Data from the CPS are used to estimate hours worked for farm labor, nonfarm 
proprietors, and nonfarm unpaid family workers. Using CPS information on 
employment and hours worked at primary jobs and all other jobs, separately, 
the BLS productivity measures assign all hours worked to the correct 
industrial sector. Hours for government enterprises are derived from the CPS, 
the CES, and the National Income and Product Accounts (NIPA) prepared by the 
Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) of the Department of Commerce.

Output

Business sector output is a chain-type, current-weighted index constructed 
after excluding from gross domestic product (GDP) the following outputs: 
general government, nonprofit institutions, and private households (including 
owner-occupied housing). Corresponding exclusions also are made in labor 
inputs. Business output accounted for about 76 percent of the value of GDP in 
2015. Nonfarm business, which excludes farming, accounted for about 75 percent 
of GDP in 2015.

Annual indexes for manufacturing and its durable and nondurable goods 
components are constructed by deflating current-dollar industry value of 
production data from the U.S. Bureau of the Census with deflators from the 
BLS. These deflators are based on data from the BLS producer price program and 
other sources. The industry shipments are aggregated using annual weights, and 
intrasector transactions are removed. Quarterly manufacturing output measures 
are based on the indexes of industrial production prepared monthly by the 
Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, adjusted to be consistent 
with annual indexes of manufacturing sector output prepared by BLS. 

Nonfinancial corporate output is a chain-type, current-weighted index 
calculated on the basis of the costs incurred and the incomes earned from 
production.  The output measure excludes the following outputs from GDP: 
general government; nonprofit institutions; private households; unincorporated 
business; and those corporations classified as offices of bank holding 
companies, offices of other holding companies, or offices in the finance and 
insurance sector. Nonfinancial corporations accounted for about 50 percent of 
the value of GDP in 2015. 
     
Labor Productivity

The measure describes the relationship between real output and the labor time 
involved in its production. Measures of labor productivity growth show the 
changes from period to period in the amount of goods and services produced per 
hour worked. They reflect the joint effects of many influences, including 
changes in technology; capital investment; level of output; utilization of 
capacity, energy, and materials; the organization of production; managerial 
skill; and the characteristics and effort of the work force.

Labor Compensation

The measure includes accrued wages and salaries, supplements, employer 
contributions to employee benefit plans, and taxes. Estimates of labor 
compensation by major sector, required for measures of hourly compensation and 
unit labor costs, are based primarily on employee compensation data from the 
NIPA, prepared by the BEA. The compensation of employees in general 
government, nonprofit institutions and private households are subtracted from 
compensation of employees in domestic industries to derive employee 
compensation for the business sector. The labor compensation of proprietors 
cannot be explicitly identified and must be estimated. This is done by 
assuming that proprietors have the same hourly compensation as employees in 
the same sector. The quarterly labor productivity and cost measures do not 
contain estimates of compensation for unpaid family workers.  
      
Unit Labor Costs

These measures describe the relationship between compensation per hour and 
labor productivity, or real output per hour, and can be used as an indicator 
of inflationary pressure on producers. Increases in hourly compensation 
increase unit labor costs; labor productivity increases offset compensation 
increases and lower unit labor costs. 

Presentation of the data

The quarterly data in this release are presented in three ways: as percent 
changes from the previous quarter presented at a compound annual rate, as 
percent changes from the corresponding quarter of the previous year, and as 
index number series where 2009=100. Annual data are presented both as index 
number series and percent changes from the previous year.  

The index numbers and rates of change reported in the productivity and costs 
news release are rounded to one decimal place. All percent changes in this 
release and on the BLS web site are calculated using index numbers to three 
decimal places. A complete historical series of these index numbers are 
available at the BLS web site, www.bls.gov/data/home.htm, or by contacting the 
BLS Division of Major Sector Productivity (Telephone 202-691-5606 or email 
dprweb@bls.gov).

For a more detailed explanation of methodology see "Technical Information 
About the Major Sector Productivity and Costs Methods" at 
www.bls.gov/lpc/lpcmethods.pdf.
      
Information in this release will be made available to sensory-impaired 
individuals upon request. Voice phone: 202-691-5606; Federal Relay Service 
number: 1-800-877-8339.





Table 1. Business sector: Labor productivity, hourly compensation, unit labor costs, and prices,
seasonally adjusted.
                                                          Real
                                               Hourly     hourly                Unit       Implicit
Year          Labor                            compen-    compen-     Unit      nonlabor   price
and           produc-               Hours      sation     sation      labor     payments   deflator
quarter       tivity     Output     worked     (1)        (2)         costs     (3)        (4)
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                      Percent change from previous quarter at annual rate (5)

2016 ANNUAL    0.3         1.8        1.5        2.7        1.5        2.5       -1.0        1.0  

2016 IV        2.0         2.2        0.2        3.9        0.4        1.8        2.0        1.9  
     III       3.9 r       4.3 r      0.4 r      4.0 r      2.3 r      0.0 r      1.9 r      0.8  
     II       -0.4         1.6        2.0        5.6        3.0        6.0       -3.0        2.1  
     I        -0.7         0.8        1.5       -1.1       -0.7       -0.4        1.4        0.4  

2015 ANNUAL    0.8         3.1        2.3        2.8        2.7        2.0       -1.0        0.7  

2015 IV       -2.5         0.8        3.4        2.9        2.1        5.5       -6.7        0.1  
     III       2.3         2.1       -0.2        2.9        1.6        0.6        1.3        0.9  
     II        1.5         3.0        1.6        5.1        2.6        3.6        0.0        2.1  
     I         0.7         2.3        1.6        1.6        4.6        0.9       -2.1       -0.4  

2014 ANNUAL    0.6         3.0        2.3        2.6        1.0        2.0        1.0        1.6  

2014 IV       -1.8         2.8        4.7        3.3        3.6        5.1       -6.5       -0.1  
     III       3.4         6.4        2.9        3.2        2.3       -0.2        3.3        1.3  
     II        1.8         5.0        3.1       -1.8       -3.8       -3.6       10.4        2.3  
     I        -3.6        -2.0        1.6        6.5        4.1       10.4       -8.9        1.5  
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    Percent change from corresponding quarter of previous year

2016 ANNUAL    0.3         1.8        1.5        2.7        1.5        2.5       -1.0        1.0  

2016 IV        1.2         2.2        1.0        3.1        1.2        1.8        0.6        1.3  
     III       0.1 r       1.9 r      1.8        2.8 r      1.7        2.8 r     -1.7 r      0.9  
     II       -0.3         1.3        1.7        2.6        1.5        2.9       -1.8        0.9  
     I         0.1         1.7        1.6        2.5        1.4        2.3       -1.1        0.9  

2015 ANNUAL    0.8         3.1        2.3        2.8        2.7        2.0       -1.0        0.7  

2015 IV        0.5         2.1        1.6        3.1        2.7        2.6       -1.9        0.7  
     III       0.7         2.6        1.9        3.2        3.1        2.5       -1.8        0.6  
     II        0.9         3.6        2.7        3.3        3.3        2.3       -1.4        0.7  
     I         1.0         4.1        3.1        1.5        1.6        0.5        1.1        0.8  

2014 ANNUAL    0.6         3.0        2.3        2.6        1.0        2.0        1.0        1.6  

2014 IV       -0.1         3.0        3.1        2.7        1.5        2.8       -0.7        1.3  
     III       1.3         3.6        2.3        2.4        0.6        1.0        2.6        1.7  
     II        0.9         3.1        2.2        1.8       -0.3        0.9        3.1        1.8  
     I         0.4         2.1        1.7        3.7        2.2        3.3       -1.0        1.4  
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                         Indexes 2009=100

2016 ANNUAL  106.5       119.7      112.4      117.4      104.9      110.2      110.6      110.4  

2016 IV      107.4       121.0      112.6      119.2      105.5      110.9      111.1      111.0  
     III     106.9 r     120.3 r    112.6 r    118.1 r    105.4 r    110.5 r    110.5 r    110.5 r
     II      105.9       119.1      112.5      116.9      104.8      110.4      110.0      110.3  
     I       106.0       118.6      111.9      115.3      104.0      108.8      110.9      109.7  

2015 ANNUAL  106.2       117.6      110.7      114.3      103.4      107.5      111.7      109.3  

2015 IV      106.1       118.3      111.5      115.6      104.2      108.9      110.5      109.6  
     III     106.8       118.1      110.6      114.8      103.7      107.5      112.4      109.5  
     II      106.2       117.5      110.6      114.0      103.3      107.3      112.0      109.3  
     I       105.8       116.6      110.2      112.6      102.6      106.4      112.0      108.7  

2014 ANNUAL  105.4       114.1      108.2      111.1      100.7      105.4      112.9      108.5  

2014 IV      105.6       115.9      109.7      112.1      101.5      106.1      112.6      108.9  
     III     106.1       115.1      108.5      111.2      100.6      104.8      114.5      108.9  
     II      105.2       113.4      107.7      110.4      100.0      104.9      113.6      108.5  
     I       104.8       112.0      106.9      110.9      101.0      105.8      110.8      107.9  
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes following Table 6.                                                   February 2, 2017
r=revised                                                        Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics



Table 2. Nonfarm business sector: Labor productivity, hourly compensation, unit labor costs, and
prices, seasonally adjusted.
                                                          Real
                                               Hourly     hourly                Unit       Implicit
Year          Labor                            compen-    compen-     Unit      nonlabor   price
and           produc-               Hours      sation     sation      labor     payments   deflator
quarter       tivity     Output     worked     (1)        (2)         costs     (3)        (4)
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                      Percent change from previous quarter at annual rate (5)

2016 ANNUAL    0.2         1.7        1.5        2.8        1.5        2.6       -0.6        1.2  

2016 IV        1.3         2.2        0.9        3.0       -0.4        1.7        2.6        2.1  
     III       3.5 r       4.2 r      0.6 r      3.7 r      2.1 r      0.2 r      2.4 r      1.1  
     II       -0.2         1.6        1.7        6.1        3.4        6.2       -2.8        2.3  
     I        -0.6         0.7        1.4       -0.9       -0.6       -0.3        2.1        0.7  

2015 ANNUAL    0.9         3.1        2.1        2.9        2.8        2.0       -0.4        1.0  

2015 IV       -2.4         0.8        3.3        3.1        2.3        5.7       -6.2        0.5  
     III       2.0         1.8       -0.2        2.9        1.5        0.8        1.1        1.0  
     II        1.2         3.1        1.9        4.8        2.2        3.6       -0.1        2.0  
     I         1.1         2.4        1.3        1.8        4.8        0.7       -0.1        0.4  

2014 ANNUAL    0.8         3.0        2.2        2.8        1.1        2.0        1.3        1.7  

2014 IV       -1.6         2.7        4.4        3.6        3.9        5.2       -6.3        0.1  
     III       4.2         6.5        2.3        3.9        3.0       -0.2        4.5        1.8  
     II        2.0         5.1        3.0       -1.7       -3.6       -3.7        9.8        1.9  
     I        -3.7        -1.8        2.0        6.2        3.8       10.2       -9.2        1.4  
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    Percent change from corresponding quarter of previous year

2016 ANNUAL    0.2         1.7        1.5        2.8        1.5        2.6       -0.6        1.2  

2016 IV        1.0         2.2        1.1        2.9        1.1        1.9        1.0        1.5  
     III       0.1 r       1.8 r      1.7        3.0        1.8        2.9 r     -1.2 r      1.1  
     II       -0.3         1.2        1.5        2.7        1.6        3.1       -1.5        1.1  
     I         0.0         1.6        1.6        2.4        1.3        2.4       -0.8        1.0  

2015 ANNUAL    0.9         3.1        2.1        2.9        2.8        2.0       -0.4        1.0  

2015 IV        0.4         2.0        1.6        3.1        2.7        2.7       -1.4        0.9  
     III       0.7         2.5        1.8        3.2        3.1        2.6       -1.4        0.8  
     II        1.2         3.7        2.5        3.5        3.5        2.3       -0.6        1.0  
     I         1.4         4.2        2.7        1.9        2.0        0.5        1.8        1.0  

2014 ANNUAL    0.8         3.0        2.2        2.8        1.1        2.0        1.3        1.7  

2014 IV        0.2         3.1        2.9        2.9        1.7        2.7       -0.6        1.3  
     III       1.6         3.8        2.2        2.6        0.8        1.0        3.0        1.8  
     II        1.0         3.1        2.1        1.9       -0.1        0.9        3.4        2.0  
     I         0.3         2.0        1.7        3.8        2.3        3.4       -0.4        1.8  
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                         Indexes 2009=100

2016 ANNUAL  106.7       119.8      112.3      117.6      105.2      110.3      110.8      110.5  

2016 IV      107.4       121.0      112.7      119.3      105.6      111.1      111.4      111.2  
     III     107.0 r     120.4 r    112.4 r    118.4 r    105.7 r    110.6 r    110.7 r    110.6 r
     II      106.1       119.1      112.3      117.3      105.1      110.5      110.1      110.3  
     I       106.2       118.7      111.8      115.6      104.3      108.9      110.9      109.7  

2015 ANNUAL  106.5       117.8      110.6      114.5      103.6      107.5      111.5      109.2  

2015 IV      106.3       118.5      111.4      115.9      104.4      109.0      110.3      109.5  
     III     107.0       118.2      110.5      115.0      103.8      107.5      112.1      109.4  
     II      106.4       117.7      110.6      114.2      103.4      107.3      111.8      109.1  
     I       106.1       116.8      110.1      112.9      102.9      106.3      111.8      108.6  

2014 ANNUAL  105.5       114.3      108.3      111.2      100.8      105.4      111.9      108.1  

2014 IV      105.9       116.1      109.7      112.4      101.7      106.1      111.8      108.5  
     III     106.3       115.3      108.5      111.4      100.7      104.8      113.7      108.5  
     II      105.2       113.5      107.9      110.3      100.0      104.9      112.4      108.0  
     I       104.7       112.1      107.1      110.8      100.9      105.8      109.8      107.5  
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes following Table 6.                                                   February 2, 2017
r=revised                                                        Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics



Table 3. Manufacturing sector: Labor productivity, hourly compensation, and unit labor costs,
seasonally adjusted.
                                                                             Real
Year              Labor                                       Hourly         hourly          Unit
and               produc-                      Hours          compensa-      compensa-       labor
quarter           tivity        Output         worked         tion (1)       tion (2)        costs
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                      Percent change from previous quarter at annual rate (5)

2016 ANNUAL        0.6            0.2           -0.4            3.3            2.0            2.6  

2016 IV            0.7            0.8            0.0            4.1            0.6            3.3  
     III           0.0 r          0.6            0.5 r          3.4 r          1.7 r          3.3  
     II           -0.5           -1.0           -0.5            8.0            5.4            8.5  
     I             1.4            0.6           -0.8           -4.8           -4.5           -6.1  

2015 ANNUAL        0.3            1.2            0.8            2.5            2.4            2.2  

2015 IV           -1.1           -0.5            0.6            8.2            7.4            9.5  
     III           3.7            1.9           -1.7            4.4            3.0            0.7  
     II            1.5            0.6           -0.9            5.4            2.9            3.8  
     I            -1.7           -1.4            0.3           -1.9            1.0           -0.2  

2014 ANNUAL        0.1            1.7            1.6            2.8            1.1            2.7  

2014 IV           -1.1            2.7            3.9            3.7            4.1            4.9  
     III           1.2            2.8            1.6            3.3            2.4            2.0  
     II            1.9            5.3            3.4           -2.6           -4.5           -4.4  
     I             0.9           -0.3           -1.2           10.4            8.0            9.5  
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    Percent change from corresponding quarter of previous year

2016 ANNUAL        0.6            0.2           -0.4            3.3            2.0            2.6  

2016 IV            0.4            0.2           -0.2            2.6            0.7            2.2  
     III          -0.1 r         -0.1            0.0 r          3.6 r          2.4 r          3.6  
     II            0.8            0.2           -0.6            3.8            2.7            3.0  
     I             1.3            0.6           -0.7            3.2            2.1            1.8  

2015 ANNUAL        0.3            1.2            0.8            2.5            2.4            2.2  

2015 IV            0.6            0.1           -0.4            4.0            3.5            3.4  
     III           0.6            1.0            0.4            2.9            2.7            2.3  
     II            0.0            1.2            1.2            2.6            2.6            2.6  
     I             0.1            2.4            2.3            0.6            0.7            0.5  

2014 ANNUAL        0.1            1.7            1.6            2.8            1.1            2.7  

2014 IV            0.7            2.6            1.9            3.6            2.4            2.9  
     III           0.5            2.4            1.9            2.4            0.6            1.8  
     II           -0.4            1.5            2.0            1.8           -0.3            2.2  
     I            -0.5            0.0            0.5            3.3            1.9            3.8  
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                         Indexes 2009=100

2016 ANNUAL      120.3          129.2          107.3          114.3          102.2           95.0  

2016 IV          120.5          129.4          107.4          116.2          102.8           96.4  
     III         120.3 r        129.1 r        107.4 r        115.0 r        102.7 r         95.7 r
     II          120.2 r        128.9 r        107.2          114.1          102.3           94.9 r
     I           120.4          129.3          107.4          111.9          100.9           93.0  

2015 ANNUAL      119.6          128.8          107.7          110.7          100.2           92.5  

2015 IV          120.0          129.1          107.6          113.3          102.1           94.4  
     III         120.3          129.2          107.4          111.1          100.3           92.3  
     II          119.3          128.6          107.9          109.9           99.5           92.1  
     I           118.8          128.4          108.1          108.4           98.8           91.3  

2014 ANNUAL      119.2          127.4          106.8          107.9           97.8           90.5  

2014 IV          119.3          128.9          108.0          109.0           98.6           91.3  
     III         119.6          128.0          107.0          108.0           97.6           90.2  
     II          119.3          127.1          106.6          107.1           97.0           89.8  
     I           118.7          125.5          105.7          107.8           98.2           90.8  
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes following Table 6.                                                   February 2, 2017
r=revised                                                        Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics



Table 4. Durable manufacturing sector: Labor productivity, hourly compensation, and unit labor
costs, seasonally adjusted.
                                                                             Real
Year              Labor                                       Hourly         hourly          Unit
and               produc-                      Hours          compensa-      compensa-       labor
quarter           tivity        Output         worked         tion (1)       tion (2)        costs
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                      Percent change from previous quarter at annual rate (5)

2016 ANNUAL        1.0            0.4           -0.6            3.4            2.1            2.4  

2016 IV            0.1            0.7            0.7            3.9            0.4            3.8  
     III           2.1 r          2.2 r          0.1 r          3.8 r          2.1 r          1.7 r
     II            2.4 r          0.6           -1.8           10.1            7.4            7.5  
     I            -0.4           -0.1            0.2           -6.4           -6.0           -6.0  

2015 ANNUAL        0.0            0.5            0.5            3.0            2.8            2.9  

2015 IV           -2.1           -1.4            0.7            9.4            8.5           11.8  
     III           5.1            2.3           -2.7            3.9            2.5           -1.1  
     II            2.2            0.5           -1.7            5.2            2.6            2.9  
     I            -4.0           -4.0            0.1           -0.4            2.5            3.8  

2014 ANNUAL        0.7            2.8            2.1            2.4            0.7            1.7  

2014 IV           -0.4            1.9            2.3            4.3            4.6            4.7  
     III           0.8            3.7            2.9            3.4            2.5            2.6  
     II            2.1            7.2            4.9           -2.7           -4.6           -4.7  
     I             1.5            0.4           -1.1           10.6            8.2            9.0  
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    Percent change from corresponding quarter of previous year

2016 ANNUAL        1.0            0.4           -0.6            3.4            2.1            2.4  

2016 IV            1.1            0.8           -0.2            2.7            0.9            1.6  
     III           0.5 r          0.3 r         -0.2 r          4.0 r          2.8 r          3.5 r
     II            1.2            0.3           -0.9            4.0            2.9            2.8  
     I             1.2            0.3           -0.9            2.9            1.8            1.7  

2015 ANNUAL        0.0            0.5            0.5            3.0            2.8            2.9  

2015 IV            0.2           -0.7           -0.9            4.5            4.0            4.2  
     III           0.7            0.2           -0.5            3.2            3.1            2.5  
     II           -0.4            0.5            0.9            3.1            3.1            3.5  
     I            -0.4            2.1            2.5            1.1            1.2            1.5  

2014 ANNUAL        0.7            2.8            2.1            2.4            0.7            1.7  

2014 IV            1.0            3.3            2.2            3.8            2.6            2.8  
     III           1.0            3.9            2.9            1.7           -0.1            0.7  
     II            0.3            3.0            2.6            1.3           -0.8            0.9  
     I             0.3            1.0            0.7            2.7            1.3            2.4  
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                         Indexes 2009=100

2016 ANNUAL      122.3          134.4          109.9          113.6          101.5           92.9  

2016 IV          122.8          135.0          110.0          115.6          102.3           94.1  
     III         122.8 r        134.8 r        109.8 r        114.5 r        102.2 r         93.3 r
     II          122.1 r        134.1 r        109.8          113.4          101.7           92.9 r
     I           121.4          133.9          110.3          110.7           99.9           91.2  

2015 ANNUAL      121.1          133.8          110.6          109.8           99.4           90.7  

2015 IV          121.5          133.9          110.2          112.6          101.4           92.6  
     III         122.2          134.4          110.0          110.1           99.4           90.1  
     II          120.7          133.6          110.8          109.0           98.8           90.4  
     I           120.0          133.5          111.2          107.6           98.1           89.7  

2014 ANNUAL      121.0          133.1          110.0          106.7           96.7           88.1  

2014 IV          121.2          134.8          111.2          107.8           97.5           88.9  
     III         121.3          134.2          110.6          106.6           96.4           87.9  
     II          121.1          132.9          109.8          105.8           95.8           87.3  
     I           120.5          130.7          108.5          106.5           97.0           88.4  
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes following Table 6.                                                   February 2, 2017
r=revised                                                        Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics



Table 5. Nondurable manufacturing sector: Labor productivity, hourly compensation, and unit labor
costs, seasonally adjusted.
                                                                             Real
Year              Labor                                       Hourly         hourly          Unit
and               produc-                      Hours          compensa-      compensa-       labor
quarter           tivity        Output         worked         tion (1)       tion (2)        costs
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                      Percent change from previous quarter at annual rate (5)

2016 ANNUAL        0.1            0.0           -0.1            3.1            1.8            3.0  

2016 IV            1.8            0.8           -1.0            4.3            0.8            2.4  
     III          -2.7 r         -1.5 r          1.3 r          2.6 r          1.0 r          5.5 r
     II           -4.6           -2.9            1.8            4.4            1.8            9.4 r
     I             4.0            1.4           -2.5           -1.9           -1.5           -5.7  

2015 ANNUAL        0.5            1.9            1.5            1.7            1.6            1.3  

2015 IV            0.1            0.6            0.5            6.1            5.2            6.0  
     III           1.5            1.4           -0.1            5.5            4.1            4.0  
     II            0.3            0.7            0.4            6.1            3.5            5.8  
     I             1.0            1.8            0.8           -4.7           -1.8           -5.6  

2014 ANNUAL        0.0            0.6            0.6            3.4            1.8            3.5  

2014 IV           -2.7            3.7            6.6            3.0            3.4            5.8  
     III           2.6            1.9           -0.7            2.9            2.0            0.3  
     II            2.5            3.3            0.8           -2.6           -4.5           -5.0  
     I             0.3           -1.0           -1.3           10.0            7.6            9.7  
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    Percent change from corresponding quarter of previous year

2016 ANNUAL        0.1            0.0           -0.1            3.1            1.8            3.0  

2016 IV           -0.4           -0.5           -0.1            2.3            0.5            2.8  
     III          -0.8 r         -0.6 r          0.3 r          2.8            1.6            3.6 r
     II            0.2            0.1           -0.1            3.5            2.4            3.3  
     I             1.5            1.0           -0.4            3.9            2.8            2.4  

2015 ANNUAL        0.5            1.9            1.5            1.7            1.6            1.3  

2015 IV            0.7            1.1            0.4            3.2            2.7            2.4  
     III           0.0            1.9            1.9            2.4            2.3            2.4  
     II            0.3            2.0            1.7            1.8            1.7            1.5  
     I             0.8            2.7            1.8           -0.4           -0.3           -1.2  

2014 ANNUAL        0.0            0.6            0.6            3.4            1.8            3.5  

2014 IV            0.7            2.0            1.3            3.2            2.0            2.6  
     III           0.7            1.0            0.2            3.5            1.8            2.8  
     II           -0.7            0.2            0.8            2.6            0.5            3.3  
     I            -0.9           -0.7            0.2            4.4            2.9            5.3  
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                         Indexes 2009=100

2016 ANNUAL      113.1          116.7          103.1          115.1          102.9          101.8  

2016 IV          112.8          116.4          103.2          116.7          103.3          103.5  
     III         112.3 r        116.2 r        103.5 r        115.5 r        103.1 r        102.9 r
     II          113.0 r        116.6 r        103.2          114.8          102.9          101.5 r
     I           114.4          117.5          102.7          113.5          102.4           99.3  

2015 ANNUAL      113.0          116.6          103.2          111.7          101.1           98.8  

2015 IV          113.2          117.0          103.3          114.1          102.8          100.7  
     III         113.2          116.8          103.2          112.4          101.5           99.3  
     II          112.8          116.4          103.2          110.9          100.5           98.3  
     I           112.7          116.2          103.1          109.3           99.6           96.9  

2014 ANNUAL      112.5          114.4          101.7          109.7           99.5           97.6  

2014 IV          112.4          115.7          102.9          110.6          100.1           98.3  
     III         113.2          114.7          101.3          109.7           99.2           96.9  
     II          112.5          114.1          101.5          109.0           98.7           96.9  
     I           111.8          113.2          101.3          109.7           99.9           98.1  
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes following Table 6.                                                   February 2, 2017
r=revised                                                        Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics



Table 6. Nonfinancial corporate sector: Labor productivity, hourly compensation, unit labor costs,
unit profits, and prices, seasonally adjusted.
                                                     Real
                                           Hourly    hourly            Unit      Total           Implicit
Year         Labor                         compen-   compen-   Unit    nonlabor  unit    Unit    price
and          produc-             Hours     sation    sation    labor   costs     costs   profits deflator
quarter      tivity    Output    worked    (1)       (2)       costs   (6)       (7)     (8)     (4)
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                         Percent change from previous quarter at annual rate (5)

2016 III       6.5 r     7.8 r    1.2 r     4.1 r     2.4 r    -2.2 r   -4.5 r   -3.0 r   15.6 r   -0.7  
     II       -1.2       0.2      1.4       5.7       3.1       7.0      1.0      5.0    -17.2      1.8  
     I         1.3       1.9      0.6      -1.9      -1.6      -3.2    -12.1     -6.1     30.7     -2.0  

2015 ANNUAL    0.7 r     3.0 r    2.2       2.9       2.8       2.2 r    0.8 r    1.7 r   -6.4 r    0.5 r

2015 IV       -1.9 r     1.6 r    3.6       1.9       1.1       3.9 r   14.9 r    7.3 r  -36.4 r    0.1 r
     III       1.4 r     3.0 r    1.5       1.9       0.6       0.5 r    0.3 r    0.4 r   -0.4 r    0.3 r
     II       -2.1 r    -1.3 r    0.9       3.9       1.4       6.2 r    3.8 r    5.4 r  -13.9 r    2.4 r
     I         2.1 r     3.5 r    1.4       5.8       8.9       3.6 r   -2.0 r    1.8 r  -14.4 r   -0.8 r

2014 ANNUAL    0.3 r     3.0 r    2.7       2.5       0.8       2.2 r    0.5 r    1.6 r    2.4 r    1.7 r

2014 IV        0.8 r     4.3 r    3.4       1.7       2.0       0.8 r   -0.6 r    0.3 r   -4.9 r   -0.5 r
     III       3.1 r     5.9 r    2.7       2.1       1.3      -1.0 r   -1.1 r   -1.0 r   16.2 r    1.4 r
     II        0.7 r     5.8 r    5.0      -2.6      -4.5      -3.3 r   -1.0 r   -2.6 r   37.8 r    2.4 r
     I         0.6 r     2.3 r    1.6       9.3       6.9       8.6 r    0.7 r    6.0 r  -19.6 r    1.9 r
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                       Percent change from corresponding quarter of previous year

2016 III       1.1 r     2.8 r    1.7       2.4       1.2 r     1.3 r   -0.6 r    0.7 r   -5.6 r   -0.2 r
     II       -0.1 r     1.7 r    1.8       1.9       0.8       2.0 r    0.6 r    1.5 r   -9.0 r    0.0 r
     I        -0.3 r     1.3 r    1.6       1.4       0.4       1.8 r    1.3 r    1.6 r   -8.1 r    0.2 r

2015 ANNUAL    0.7 r     3.0 r    2.2       2.9       2.8       2.2 r    0.8 r    1.7 r   -6.4 r    0.5 r

2015 IV       -0.2 r     1.7 r    1.8       3.4       2.9       3.5 r    4.1 r    3.7 r  -17.3 r    0.5 r
     III       0.5 r     2.4 r    1.8       3.3       3.2       2.7 r    0.4 r    2.0 r   -8.6 r    0.3 r
     II        0.9 r     3.1 r    2.1       3.3       3.3       2.4 r    0.0 r    1.6 r   -5.0 r    0.6 r
     I         1.7 r     4.9 r    3.1       1.7       1.8       0.0 r   -1.2 r   -0.4 r    6.8 r    0.6 r

2014 ANNUAL    0.3 r     3.0 r    2.7       2.5       0.8       2.2 r    0.5 r    1.6 r    2.4 r    1.7 r

2014 IV        1.3 r     4.5 r    3.2       2.5       1.3       1.2 r   -0.5 r    0.6 r    5.2 r    1.3 r
     III       0.9 r     3.8 r    2.9       2.3       0.6       1.4 r    0.2 r    1.0 r    7.2 r    1.9 r
     II       -0.7 r     2.1 r    2.8       1.8      -0.3       2.5 r    1.2 r    2.1 r    2.8 r    2.2 r
     I        -0.3 r     1.6 r    1.9       3.4       1.9       3.7 r    1.0 r    2.8 r   -5.9 r    1.5 r
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                            Indexes 2009=100

2016 III     107.5 r   123.5 r  114.9 r   117.1 r   104.5 r   108.9 r  100.3 r  106.0 r  139.4 r  109.5 r
     II      105.9 r   121.2 r  114.5     115.9     103.9     109.5 r  101.4 r  106.8 r  134.5 r  109.7 r
     I       106.2 r   121.2 r  114.1     114.3     103.1     107.7 r  101.2 r  105.5 r  141.0 r  109.2 r

2015 ANNUAL  106.2 r   119.9 r  112.9     113.9     103.1     107.3 r  101.5 r  105.4 r  145.1 r  109.5 r

2015 IV      105.8 r   120.6 r  114.0     114.9     103.5     108.5 r  104.5 r  107.2 r  131.8 r  109.8 r
     III     106.4 r   120.1 r  113.0     114.3     103.2     107.5 r  100.9 r  105.3 r  147.6 r  109.7 r
     II      106.0 r   119.3 r  112.5     113.8     103.1     107.4 r  100.8 r  105.2 r  147.8 r  109.6 r
     I       106.5 r   119.6 r  112.3     112.7     102.7     105.8 r   99.9 r  103.8 r  153.4 r  109.0 r

2014 ANNUAL  105.4 r   116.4 r  110.5     110.7     100.3     105.0 r  100.7 r  103.6 r  155.1 r  109.0 r

2014 IV      106.0 r   118.6 r  111.9     111.1     100.6     104.8 r  100.4 r  103.3 r  159.5 r  109.2 r
     III     105.8 r   117.4 r  111.0     110.7     100.1     104.6 r  100.5 r  103.3 r  161.5 r  109.4 r
     II      105.0 r   115.7 r  110.2     110.1      99.8     104.9 r  100.8 r  103.5 r  155.5 r  109.0 r
     I       104.8 r   114.1 r  108.9     110.8     100.9     105.8 r  101.1 r  104.2 r  143.6 r  108.3 r
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes following Table 6.                                                         February 8, 2017
r=revised                                                              Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics



SOURCES: Output data are from the Bureau of Economic Analysis and the Census 
Bureau of the U.S. Department of Commerce; the Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. 
Department of Labor; and the Federal Reserve Board. Hours and 
compensation data are from the Bureau of Labor Statistics and the Bureau of 
Economic Analysis.

RELIABILITY: Productivity and cost measures are regularly revised as more 
complete information becomes available.  The measures are first published 
within 40 days of the close of the reference period; revisions appear 30 days 
later, and second revisions after an additional 60 days.  In the business 
sector, the third publication (second revision) of a quarterly index of 
output per hour of all persons has differed from the initial value by between
-1.6 and 1.4 index points approximately 95 percent of the time. This interval
is based on the performance of this measure between the fourth quarter of 
1995 and the third quarter of 2016.
     
     		  	       Table Footnotes 
     		  	       
(1) Wages and salaries of employees plus employers' contributions for social 
insurance and private benefit plans. Except for nonfinancial corporations, 
where there are no self-employed, data also include an estimate of wages, 
salaries, and supplemental payments for the self-employed.

(2) The change for recent quarters is based on the Consumer Price Index for 
all urban consumers (CPI-U). The trend from 1978-2015 is based on the Consumer 
Price Index research series (CPI-U-RS).

(3) Unit nonlabor payments include profits, consumption of fixed capital, 
taxes on production and imports less subsidies, net interest and miscellaneous 
payments, business current transfer payments, rental income of persons, and
the current surplus of government enterprises.

(4) Current dollar output divided by the output index.

(5) Quarterly changes: Percent change compounded at annual rate is calculated 
using index numbers to three decimal places. Indexes published in the news 
release are rounded to one decimal place for convenience. Annual changes: 
Percent change is calculated using annual indexes to three decimal places.

(6) Unit nonlabor costs include consumption of fixed capital, taxes on 
production and imports less subsidies, net interest and miscellaneous 
payments, and business current transfer payments.

(7) Total unit costs are the sum of unit labor and nonlabor costs.

(8) Unit profits include corporate profits before tax with inventory valuation 
and capital consumption adjustments.






Appendix table 1.
 Nonfinancial corporate sector: Labor productivity, hourly compensation, unit labor costs, unit
 profits, and prices.

                                                     Real
                                           Hourly    hourly             Unit     Total             Implicit
              Labor                        compen-   compen-   Unit     nonlabor unit     Unit     price
              produc-            Hours     sation    sation    labor    costs    costs    profits  deflator
   Year       tivity   Output    worked    (1)       (2)       costs    (6)      (7)      (8)      (4)
 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Indexes 2009=100
   2015       106.2 r   119.9 r  112.9     113.9     103.1     107.3 r  101.5 r  105.4 r  145.1 r  109.5 r

   2014       105.4 r   116.4 r  110.5     110.7     100.3     105.0 r  100.7 r  103.6 r  155.1 r  109.0 r
   2013       105.1 r   113.0 r  107.6     108.0      99.5     102.8 r  100.2 r  101.9 r  151.5 r  107.1 r
   2012       104.8 r   110.5 r  105.5     106.5      99.6     101.7 r  100.0 r  101.1 r  144.9 r  105.7 r
   2011       103.8 r   106.9 r  103.0     103.6      98.8      99.8 r   99.8 r   99.8 r  135.3 r  103.5 r
   2010       104.1 r   104.3 r  100.2     101.5      99.9      97.5 r   97.9 r   97.6 r  131.2 r  101.2 r

   2009       100.0     100.0    100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0    100.0    100.0    100.0    100.0  
   2008        99.0 r   107.3 r  108.4      98.4      98.0      99.4 r   94.6 r   97.8 r  105.7 r   98.6 r
   2007        98.7 r   108.7 r  110.1      95.6      98.9      96.9 r   88.9 r   94.2 r  117.2 r   96.6 r
   2006        98.2 r   107.7 r  109.6      92.1      98.0      93.8 r   83.4 r   90.3 r  131.2 r   94.6 r
   2005        96.2 r   103.5 r  107.6      89.4      98.2      92.9 r   81.4 r   89.0 r  117.2 r   92.0 r

   2004        94.3 r   100.1 r  106.1      86.7      98.5      92.0 r   78.0 r   87.3 r  103.3 r   89.0 r
   2003        91.0 r    95.6 r  105.1      83.7      97.7      92.0 r   78.7 r   87.6 r   85.0 r   87.3 r
   2002        87.5 r    93.5 r  106.9      81.0      96.7      92.6 r   79.6 r   88.3 r   69.7 r   86.3 r
   2001        84.1 r    92.7 r  110.2      79.5      96.4      94.6 r   79.1 r   89.4 r   57.4 r   86.0 r
   2000        83.8 r    95.0 r  113.3      77.7      96.7      92.6 r   73.6 r   86.3 r   70.4 r   84.6 r

   1999        81.0 r    90.6 r  111.9      72.4      93.2      89.3 r   70.6 r   83.1 r   84.0 r   83.2 r
   1998        78.8 r    86.2 r  109.4      69.2      91.0      87.8 r   69.0 r   81.5 r   90.1 r   82.4 r
   1997        76.4 r    81.8 r  107.0      65.4      87.2      85.6 r   68.7 r   80.0 r  101.0 r   82.2 r
   1996        74.3 r    76.7 r  103.1      63.3      86.2      85.1 r   69.0 r   79.7 r   98.5 r   81.7 r
   1995        71.5 r    72.4 r  101.3      60.9      85.3      85.3 r   69.9 r   80.1 r   91.9 r   81.4 r

   1994        70.6 r    69.1 r   97.8      60.0      86.0      84.9 r   69.6 r   79.8 r   86.8 r   80.5 r
   1993        69.4 r    65.1 r   93.8      59.2      86.6      85.4 r   69.2 r   80.0 r   72.7 r   79.2 r
   1992        69.4 r    63.5 r   91.5      58.5      87.6      84.3 r   69.2 r   79.3 r   62.6 r   77.5 r
   1991        67.6 r    61.6 r   91.2      55.6      85.4      82.2 r   70.6 r   78.3 r   60.4 r   76.4 r
   1990        66.0 r    61.9 r   93.9      53.1      84.5      80.4 r   67.7 r   76.2 r   58.9 r   74.4 r

   1989        65.3 r    61.1 r   93.5      50.6      84.6      77.5 r   64.7 r   73.2 r   62.5 r   72.1 r
   1988        66.0 r    59.9 r   90.7      49.2      85.8      74.5 r   61.3 r   70.1 r   68.4 r   69.9 r
   1987        64.2 r    56.5 r   88.0      46.9      84.7      73.0 r   60.2 r   68.7 r   64.0 r   68.2 r
   1986        62.9 r    53.6 r   85.3      45.3      84.6      72.0 r   59.7 r   67.9 r   59.8 r   67.0 r
   1985        61.5 r    52.3 r   85.0      42.9      81.5      69.8 r   56.7 r   65.4 r   72.2 r   66.1 r

   1984        60.1 r    49.9 r   83.1      40.8      80.4      68.0 r   55.4 r   63.8 r   75.0 r   65.0 r
   1983        58.7 r    45.9 r   78.1      39.1      80.2      66.7 r   55.7 r   63.0 r   63.9 r   63.1 r
   1982        56.8 r    43.7 r   77.0      37.6      80.3      66.2 r   55.5 r   62.6 r   55.2 r   61.8 r
   1981        56.5 r    44.7 r   79.1      35.2      79.8      62.4 r   50.0 r   58.2 r   59.2 r   58.3 r
   1980        55.1 r    42.9 r   78.0      32.3      80.2      58.7 r   44.0 r   53.8 r   50.5 r   53.4 r

   1979        55.2 r    43.4 r   78.6      29.3      80.9      53.1 r   37.5 r   47.9 r   55.9 r   48.8 r
   1978        55.7 r    42.0 r   75.5      26.9      81.1      48.3 r   34.6 r   43.7 r   58.2 r   45.2 r
   1977        55.0 r    39.5 r   71.8      24.6      79.6      44.8 r   33.2 r   40.9 r   54.7 r   42.4 r
   1976        53.5 r    36.8 r   68.7      22.8      78.5      42.6 r   32.0 r   39.1 r   50.4 r   40.2 r
   1975        51.8 r    34.0 r   65.6      21.2      77.2      41.0 r   32.3 r   38.1 r   42.7 r   38.5 r

   1974        49.8 r    34.5 r   69.1      19.2      76.3      38.5 r   28.2 r   35.1 r   35.3 r   35.1 r
   1973        50.8 r    35.0 r   68.8      17.6      77.6      34.6 r   24.6 r   31.3 r   38.7 r   32.0 r
   1972        50.3 r    33.0 r   65.5      16.4      76.9      32.6 r   23.3 r   29.5 r   37.3 r   30.3 r
   1971        49.4 r    30.7 r   62.1      15.6      75.4      31.6 r   23.3 r   28.8 r   34.1 r   29.4 r
   1970        47.4 r    29.5 r   62.2      14.7      74.3      31.1 r   22.2 r   28.1 r   30.2 r   28.3 r

   1969        47.1 r    29.8 r   63.1      13.8      73.6      29.3 r   19.7 r   26.1 r   36.7 r   27.2 r
   1968        47.1 r    28.6 r   60.8      12.9      72.6      27.4 r   18.2 r   24.3 r   40.6 r   26.0 r
   1967        45.4 r    26.9 r   59.1      12.0      70.6      26.5 r   17.0 r   23.3 r   40.5 r   25.1 r
   1966        44.6 r    26.1 r   58.5      11.4      68.9      25.6 r   16.1 r   22.4 r   43.2 r   24.6 r
   1965        43.7 r    24.3 r   55.6      10.8      67.1      24.7 r   16.0 r   21.8 r   43.2 r   24.0 r

   1964        42.7 r    22.4 r   52.6      10.5      66.3      24.6 r   16.1 r   21.8 r   40.1 r   23.7 r
   1963        42.0 r    21.0 r   49.9      10.3      65.9      24.5 r   16.1 r   21.7 r   38.7 r   23.5 r
   1962        40.5 r    19.7 r   48.8      10.0      64.8      24.7 r   16.2 r   21.9 r   36.5 r   23.4 r
   1961        38.8 r    18.2 r   46.9       9.6      63.0      24.8 r   16.4 r   22.0 r   34.0 r   23.3 r
   1960        37.5 r    17.8 r   47.4       9.3      61.6      24.8 r   16.1 r   21.9 r   33.9 r   23.2 r

   1959        36.9 r    17.2 r   46.6       9.0      60.3      24.3 r   15.7 r   21.4 r   36.8 r   23.0 r
   1958        35.2 r    15.5 r   44.0       8.6      58.5      24.6 r   16.3 r   21.8 r   31.7 r   22.8 r
   1957        34.4 r    16.1 r   46.7       8.3      57.9      24.1 r   14.9 r   21.0 r   35.0 r   22.5 r
   1956        33.7 r    15.9 r   47.0       7.8      56.4      23.3 r   13.8 r   20.1 r   36.4 r   21.8 r
   1955        33.5 r    15.3 r   45.7       7.4      53.9      22.0 r   13.0 r   19.0 r   38.8 r   21.1 r

   1954        31.6 r    13.7 r   43.3       7.1      51.8      22.5 r   13.4 r   19.5 r   33.3 r   20.9 r
   1953        30.3 r    13.8 r   45.6       6.9      50.4      22.7 r   13.0 r   19.4 r   34.2 r   21.0 r
   1952        29.1 r    12.9 r   44.2       6.5      48.1      22.4 r   13.0 r   19.3 r   36.4 r   21.1 r
   1951        28.4 r    12.4 r   43.6       6.2      46.4      21.7 r   12.5 r   18.6 r   40.4 r   20.9 r
   1950        28.7 r    11.7 r   40.9       5.6      45.8      19.7 r   11.9 r   17.1 r   37.6 r   19.2 r

   1949        26.7 r    10.4 r   38.9       5.3      43.9      20.0 r   12.4 r   17.5 r   33.3 r   19.1 r
   1948        25.4 r    10.5 r   41.4       5.2      42.0      20.4 r   11.6 r   17.4 r   36.6 r   19.5 r
   1947        23.8 r     9.7 r   41.0       4.7      41.3      19.8 r   11.0 r   16.8 r   30.7 r   18.3 r
 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 See footnotes following Table 6.                                                          February 8, 2017
 r=revised                                                               Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics

Last Modified Date: February 08, 2017