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Economic News Release
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Table 1. Manufacturing sector: productivity and related measures for the 1987-2019 period

Table 1. Manufacturing sector: productivity and related measures for the       
   1987-2019 period                                           

Annual percent change from previous year                                       
                                                                               
     Productivity                  Inputs                                        
                                                                               
             Output                                                           
             per      Multi-                                  Pur-        
             unit     factor Sec-          Capi-              chased     
     Labor   of       pro-   toral         tal                busi-    Com  
     produc- capital  ducti- out-          Ser-         Mate- ness     bined 
Year tivity1 services vity2  put   Labor3  vices Energy rials services Inputs4
1988   2.0     1.8      2.3    4.2   2.4     2.3   0.6   -1.5   6.3      1.8  
1989   0.0    -1.4     -1.2    1.2   1.6     2.7  -0.2    1.5   6.0      2.4  

1990   3.5    -2.8      0.0    0.0  -2.8     3.0  -3.2    1.1   1.3      0.0  
1991   1.8    -4.2     -0.2   -1.8  -2.9     2.5  -6.9   -0.8  -3.8     -1.6  
1992   5.2     1.6      1.8    4.1  -0.1     2.4  -3.1    5.5   2.7      2.2  
1993   2.5     1.3      1.0    3.7   2.1     2.4  -4.0    8.0  -2.8      2.7  
1994   3.0     2.7      1.3    5.6   3.3     2.8  -1.4    9.2   0.5      4.2  

1995   3.7     0.6      1.5    4.3   1.2     3.7   0.0    5.8  -0.2      2.8  
1996   3.9    -0.4      0.9    3.9   0.6     4.3  -3.1    6.0   0.8      2.9  
1997   4.9     2.0      1.8    6.9   2.6     4.8   2.0    6.8   7.4      5.0  
1998   4.5    -0.2      0.9    4.8   0.9     5.0   0.4    6.1   4.8      3.9  
1999   5.6     0.1      2.2    4.1  -0.9     4.0  44.7    1.0   1.0      1.9  

2000   3.7    -0.9      3.3    2.5  -0.5     3.5  16.7   -4.8  -2.4     -0.7  
2001   2.3    -6.7     -1.6   -4.4  -6.0     2.4  16.1   -7.9   1.7     -2.8  
2002   8.3    -0.7      2.5    0.8  -6.0     1.5 -33.7    9.5  -5.2     -1.6  
2003   6.5     0.4      4.9    1.3  -4.0     0.9 -17.2   -7.5   1.5     -3.4  
2004   2.7     1.7      2.7    2.2   0.1     0.5   0.3    5.7 -13.9     -0.5  

2005   5.1     2.8      0.8    4.0  -0.7     1.2  18.2    5.3   7.3      3.2  
2006   1.0     0.1      2.4    1.6   0.9     1.5 -19.1   -4.1   5.1     -0.7  
2007   4.6     0.7      0.6    3.0  -0.8     2.3  10.6    4.4   2.3      2.4  
2008  -0.5    -7.5      0.1   -4.5  -2.8     3.2   5.1   -6.7 -16.8     -4.6  
2009   1.2   -13.2     -3.7  -12.0 -12.0     1.4 -26.6  -12.9  -2.4     -8.6  

2010   6.3     5.5      4.1    6.5   0.8     0.9  -3.1    4.5   3.8      2.3  
2011   0.9     1.5     -0.5    2.8   1.9     1.3  10.0    7.5  -3.8      3.3  
2012  -0.9    -0.2     -1.6    1.3   2.6     1.5   1.3    3.8   4.4      3.0  
2013   1.1    -0.1     -0.1    1.9   0.9     2.1   3.6    3.1   0.2      2.0  
2014  -0.4    -1.1      1.1    1.2   1.7     2.2  -8.1   -1.6  -0.6      0.0  

2015  -1.8    -2.9     -0.8   -0.9   1.0     2.0 -11.5    0.2  -6.0     -0.2  
2016  -0.4    -2.1     -2.3   -0.1   0.7     2.0  -3.0    3.6   3.0      2.2  
2017  -0.1    -0.9      0.8    0.7   1.0     1.6  -3.5   -7.3  13.2     -0.1  
2018   0.3     0.7      0.7    2.3   2.1     1.6 -13.0    1.5   2.5      1.5  
2019  -1.1    -2.8     -1.6   -1.1   0.1     1.7  -8.7    0.2   1.0      0.5  
                                                                               
1. Output per hour worked.                                                     
2. Output per combined units of labor input, capital services, energy, material
   and purchased business services.                                            
3. Hours at work by age, education, and gender group, weighted by each groupís 
   share of total wages.                                                       
4. The growth rate of each input is weighted by its share of current dollar    
   costs.                                                                       
                                                                               
Source:  The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) develops productivity measures   
         using output data published by the Bureau of the Census, U.S.         
         Department of Commerce, and modified by BLS. Compensation and hours   
         data are from the BLS. Capital measures are based on data supplied    
         by the BEA, U.S. Department of Commerce. See also Technical Notes in  
         this release.                                                         
                                                                               

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Last Modified Date: November 19, 2020