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Economic News Release
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Table 1. Union affiliation of employed wage and salary workers by selected characteristics

Table 1. Union affiliation of employed wage and salary workers by selected characteristics, 2019-2020 annual averages [Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic 2019 2020
Total
employed
Members
of
unions(1)
Represented
by unions(2)
Total
employed
Members
of
unions(1)
Represented
by unions(2)
Total Percent
of
employed
Total Percent
of
employed
Total Percent
of
employed
Total Percent
of
employed

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

141,737 14,574 10.3 16,383 11.6 132,174 14,253 10.8 15,939 12.1

16 to 24 years

18,869 827 4.4 977 5.2 16,744 741 4.4 865 5.2

25 years and over

122,868 13,747 11.2 15,406 12.5 115,430 13,512 11.7 15,074 13.1

25 to 34 years

33,718 2,973 8.8 3,464 10.3 31,444 3,071 9.8 3,455 11.0

35 to 44 years

29,898 3,515 11.8 3,906 13.1 28,473 3,475 12.2 3,836 13.5

45 to 54 years

28,191 3,543 12.6 3,918 13.9 26,364 3,469 13.2 3,868 14.7

55 to 64 years

23,207 2,952 12.7 3,266 14.1 21,838 2,842 13.0 3,175 14.5

65 years and over

7,854 764 9.7 852 10.9 7,311 656 9.0 740 10.1

Men, 16 years and over

73,349 7,950 10.8 8,845 12.1 68,711 7,582 11.0 8,432 12.3

16 to 24 years

9,449 495 5.2 574 6.1 8,463 433 5.1 488 5.8

25 years and over

63,899 7,455 11.7 8,271 12.9 60,249 7,149 11.9 7,944 13.2

25 to 34 years

17,892 1,648 9.2 1,922 10.7 16,648 1,662 10.0 1,865 11.2

35 to 44 years

15,811 1,958 12.4 2,136 13.5 15,073 1,836 12.2 2,016 13.4

45 to 54 years

14,363 1,923 13.4 2,088 14.5 13,591 1,847 13.6 2,035 15.0

55 to 64 years

11,777 1,520 12.9 1,674 14.2 11,125 1,473 13.2 1,649 14.8

65 years and over

4,056 406 10.0 451 11.1 3,812 331 8.7 379 10.0

Women, 16 years and over

68,388 6,624 9.7 7,538 11.0 63,462 6,672 10.5 7,507 11.8

16 to 24 years

9,420 332 3.5 403 4.3 8,281 308 3.7 377 4.6

25 years and over

58,969 6,292 10.7 7,135 12.1 55,181 6,363 11.5 7,129 12.9

25 to 34 years

15,826 1,326 8.4 1,541 9.7 14,796 1,409 9.5 1,590 10.7

35 to 44 years

14,086 1,557 11.1 1,770 12.6 13,401 1,639 12.2 1,820 13.6

45 to 54 years

13,828 1,620 11.7 1,830 13.2 12,773 1,622 12.7 1,833 14.3

55 to 64 years

11,430 1,431 12.5 1,592 13.9 10,713 1,370 12.8 1,526 14.2

65 years and over

3,797 357 9.4 401 10.6 3,499 324 9.3 360 10.3

RACE, HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY,
AND SEX

White, 16 years and over

109,132 11,208 10.3 12,583 11.5 102,142 10,944 10.7 12,221 12.0

Men

57,537 6,280 10.9 6,965 12.1 54,042 5,950 11.0 6,597 12.2

Women

51,594 4,928 9.6 5,618 10.9 48,100 4,994 10.4 5,624 11.7

Black or African American, 16 years and over

18,231 2,043 11.2 2,310 12.7 16,726 2,055 12.3 2,321 13.9

Men

8,440 1,002 11.9 1,132 13.4 7,704 990 12.9 1,123 14.6

Women

9,791 1,042 10.6 1,178 12.0 9,022 1,065 11.8 1,198 13.3

Asian, 16 years and over

9,291 817 8.8 932 10.0 8,573 766 8.9 855 10.0

Men

4,795 384 8.0 438 9.1 4,551 375 8.2 421 9.3

Women

4,496 433 9.6 494 11.0 4,021 392 9.7 434 10.8

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, 16 years and over

25,417 2,258 8.9 2,590 10.2 23,562 2,315 9.8 2,586 11.0

Men

14,100 1,312 9.3 1,490 10.6 13,270 1,336 10.1 1,485 11.2

Women

11,317 947 8.4 1,099 9.7 10,291 980 9.5 1,101 10.7

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS(3)

Full-time workers

117,584 13,224 11.2 14,822 12.6 110,387 12,987 11.8 14,486 13.1

Part-time workers

23,946 1,329 5.5 1,540 6.4 21,616 1,247 5.8 1,430 6.6

Footnotes
(1) Data refer to members of a labor union or an employee association similar to a union.
(2) Data refer to both union members and workers who report no union affiliation but whose jobs are covered by a union or an employee association contract.
(3) The distinction between full- and part-time workers is based on hours usually worked. These data will not sum to totals because full- or part-time status on the principal job is not identifiable for a small number of multiple jobholders.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Data refer to the sole or principal job of full- and part-time wage and salary workers. All self-employed workers are excluded, both those with incorporated businesses as well as those with unincorporated businesses. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

Table of Contents

Last Modified Date: January 22, 2021