Table 1. Union affiliation of employed wage and salary workers by selected characteristics

Table 1. Union affiliation of employed wage and salary workers by selected characteristics, 2017-2018 annual averages [Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic 2017 2018
Total
employed
Members
of
unions(1)
Represented
by unions(2)
Total
employed
Members
of
unions(1)
Represented
by unions(2)
Total Percent
of
employed
Total Percent
of
employed
Total Percent
of
employed
Total Percent
of
employed

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

137,890 14,817 10.7 16,444 11.9 140,099 14,744 10.5 16,380 11.7

16 to 24 years

18,757 877 4.7 1,014 5.4 18,698 823 4.4 966 5.2

25 years and over

119,133 13,940 11.7 15,430 13.0 121,401 13,921 11.5 15,415 12.7

25 to 34 years

32,407 3,061 9.4 3,426 10.6 33,232 3,084 9.3 3,452 10.4

35 to 44 years

28,729 3,421 11.9 3,806 13.2 29,433 3,445 11.7 3,802 12.9

45 to 54 years

28,655 3,771 13.2 4,145 14.5 28,525 3,664 12.8 4,029 14.1

55 to 64 years

22,382 3,032 13.5 3,329 14.9 22,839 3,041 13.3 3,355 14.7

65 years and over

6,960 655 9.4 723 10.4 7,372 687 9.3 777 10.5

Men, 16 years and over

71,469 8,166 11.4 8,930 12.5 72,632 8,082 11.1 8,868 12.2

16 to 24 years

9,486 529 5.6 609 6.4 9,366 513 5.5 587 6.3

25 years and over

61,983 7,637 12.3 8,321 13.4 63,266 7,569 12.0 8,281 13.1

25 to 34 years

17,199 1,755 10.2 1,940 11.3 17,710 1,781 10.1 1,957 11.0

35 to 44 years

15,220 1,900 12.5 2,088 13.7 15,617 1,884 12.1 2,057 13.2

45 to 54 years

14,693 2,040 13.9 2,189 14.9 14,593 1,934 13.3 2,109 14.5

55 to 64 years

11,318 1,617 14.3 1,745 15.4 11,575 1,611 13.9 1,752 15.1

65 years and over

3,554 324 9.1 359 10.1 3,771 360 9.5 405 10.8

Women, 16 years and over

66,421 6,651 10.0 7,514 11.3 67,467 6,662 9.9 7,512 11.1

16 to 24 years

9,271 348 3.8 405 4.4 9,332 310 3.3 379 4.1

25 years and over

57,150 6,303 11.0 7,109 12.4 58,135 6,352 10.9 7,134 12.3

25 to 34 years

15,208 1,306 8.6 1,486 9.8 15,521 1,303 8.4 1,495 9.6

35 to 44 years

13,509 1,521 11.3 1,718 12.7 13,817 1,561 11.3 1,744 12.6

45 to 54 years

13,962 1,731 12.4 1,956 14.0 13,932 1,730 12.4 1,920 13.8

55 to 64 years

11,065 1,415 12.8 1,584 14.3 11,264 1,430 12.7 1,603 14.2

65 years and over

3,406 330 9.7 364 10.7 3,601 327 9.1 372 10.3

RACE, HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY,
AND SEX

White, 16 years and over

107,121 11,358 10.6 12,589 11.8 108,164 11,215 10.4 12,471 11.5

Men

56,545 6,432 11.4 7,025 12.4 57,132 6,311 11.0 6,920 12.1

Women

50,576 4,926 9.7 5,564 11.0 51,032 4,904 9.6 5,551 10.9

Black or African American, 16 years and over

17,498 2,210 12.6 2,459 14.1 17,994 2,258 12.5 2,487 13.8

Men

8,042 1,101 13.7 1,205 15.0 8,330 1,111 13.3 1,221 14.7

Women

9,456 1,109 11.7 1,254 13.3 9,664 1,147 11.9 1,266 13.1

Asian, 16 years and over

8,561 763 8.9 843 9.8 8,973 758 8.4 855 9.5

Men

4,457 365 8.2 402 9.0 4,652 375 8.1 416 8.9

Women

4,105 398 9.7 441 10.7 4,321 383 8.9 439 10.2

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, 16 years and over

23,656 2,201 9.3 2,476 10.5 24,591 2,239 9.1 2,482 10.1

Men

13,342 1,261 9.5 1,410 10.6 13,775 1,304 9.5 1,443 10.5

Women

10,315 940 9.1 1,067 10.3 10,815 934 8.6 1,039 9.6

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS(3)

Full-time workers

113,272 13,396 11.8 14,812 13.1 115,567 13,415 11.6 14,844 12.8

Part-time workers

24,433 1,403 5.7 1,611 6.6 24,346 1,313 5.4 1,518 6.2

Footnotes
(1) Data refer to members of a labor union or an employee association similar to a union.
(2) Data refer to both union members and workers who report no union affiliation but whose jobs are covered by a union or an employee association contract.
(3) The distinction between full- and part-time workers is based on hours usually worked. These data will not sum to totals because full- or part-time status on the principal job is not identifiable for a small number of multiple jobholders.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Data refer to the sole or principal job of full- and part-time wage and salary workers. All self-employed workers are excluded, both those with incorporated businesses as well as those with unincorporated businesses. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

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Last Modified Date: January 18, 2019