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Economic News Release
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Table 1. Union affiliation of employed wage and salary workers by selected characteristics

Table 1. Union affiliation of employed wage and salary workers by selected characteristics, 2018-2019 annual averages [Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic 2018 2019
Total
employed
Members
of
unions(1)
Represented
by unions(2)
Total
employed
Members
of
unions(1)
Represented
by unions(2)
Total Percent
of
employed
Total Percent
of
employed
Total Percent
of
employed
Total Percent
of
employed

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

140,099 14,744 10.5 16,380 11.7 141,737 14,574 10.3 16,383 11.6

16 to 24 years

18,698 823 4.4 966 5.2 18,869 827 4.4 977 5.2

25 years and over

121,401 13,921 11.5 15,415 12.7 122,868 13,747 11.2 15,406 12.5

25 to 34 years

33,232 3,084 9.3 3,452 10.4 33,718 2,973 8.8 3,464 10.3

35 to 44 years

29,433 3,445 11.7 3,802 12.9 29,898 3,515 11.8 3,906 13.1

45 to 54 years

28,525 3,664 12.8 4,029 14.1 28,191 3,543 12.6 3,918 13.9

55 to 64 years

22,839 3,041 13.3 3,355 14.7 23,207 2,952 12.7 3,266 14.1

65 years and over

7,372 687 9.3 777 10.5 7,854 764 9.7 852 10.9

Men, 16 years and over

72,632 8,082 11.1 8,868 12.2 73,349 7,950 10.8 8,845 12.1

16 to 24 years

9,366 513 5.5 587 6.3 9,449 495 5.2 574 6.1

25 years and over

63,266 7,569 12.0 8,281 13.1 63,899 7,455 11.7 8,271 12.9

25 to 34 years

17,710 1,781 10.1 1,957 11.0 17,892 1,648 9.2 1,922 10.7

35 to 44 years

15,617 1,884 12.1 2,057 13.2 15,811 1,958 12.4 2,136 13.5

45 to 54 years

14,593 1,934 13.3 2,109 14.5 14,363 1,923 13.4 2,088 14.5

55 to 64 years

11,575 1,611 13.9 1,752 15.1 11,777 1,520 12.9 1,674 14.2

65 years and over

3,771 360 9.5 405 10.8 4,056 406 10.0 451 11.1

Women, 16 years and over

67,467 6,662 9.9 7,512 11.1 68,388 6,624 9.7 7,538 11.0

16 to 24 years

9,332 310 3.3 379 4.1 9,420 332 3.5 403 4.3

25 years and over

58,135 6,352 10.9 7,134 12.3 58,969 6,292 10.7 7,135 12.1

25 to 34 years

15,521 1,303 8.4 1,495 9.6 15,826 1,326 8.4 1,541 9.7

35 to 44 years

13,817 1,561 11.3 1,744 12.6 14,086 1,557 11.1 1,770 12.6

45 to 54 years

13,932 1,730 12.4 1,920 13.8 13,828 1,620 11.7 1,830 13.2

55 to 64 years

11,264 1,430 12.7 1,603 14.2 11,430 1,431 12.5 1,592 13.9

65 years and over

3,601 327 9.1 372 10.3 3,797 357 9.4 401 10.6

RACE, HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY,
AND SEX

White, 16 years and over

108,164 11,215 10.4 12,471 11.5 109,132 11,208 10.3 12,583 11.5

Men

57,132 6,311 11.0 6,920 12.1 57,537 6,280 10.9 6,965 12.1

Women

51,032 4,904 9.6 5,551 10.9 51,594 4,928 9.6 5,618 10.9

Black or African American, 16 years and over

17,994 2,258 12.5 2,487 13.8 18,231 2,043 11.2 2,310 12.7

Men

8,330 1,111 13.3 1,221 14.7 8,440 1,002 11.9 1,132 13.4

Women

9,664 1,147 11.9 1,266 13.1 9,791 1,042 10.6 1,178 12.0

Asian, 16 years and over

8,973 758 8.4 855 9.5 9,291 817 8.8 932 10.0

Men

4,652 375 8.1 416 8.9 4,795 384 8.0 438 9.1

Women

4,321 383 8.9 439 10.2 4,496 433 9.6 494 11.0

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, 16 years and over

24,591 2,239 9.1 2,482 10.1 25,417 2,258 8.9 2,590 10.2

Men

13,775 1,304 9.5 1,443 10.5 14,100 1,312 9.3 1,490 10.6

Women

10,815 934 8.6 1,039 9.6 11,317 947 8.4 1,099 9.7

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS(3)

Full-time workers

115,567 13,415 11.6 14,844 12.8 117,584 13,224 11.2 14,822 12.6

Part-time workers

24,346 1,313 5.4 1,518 6.2 23,946 1,329 5.5 1,540 6.4

Footnotes
(1) Data refer to members of a labor union or an employee association similar to a union.
(2) Data refer to both union members and workers who report no union affiliation but whose jobs are covered by a union or an employee association contract.
(3) The distinction between full- and part-time workers is based on hours usually worked. These data will not sum to totals because full- or part-time status on the principal job is not identifiable for a small number of multiple jobholders.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Data refer to the sole or principal job of full- and part-time wage and salary workers. All self-employed workers are excluded, both those with incorporated businesses as well as those with unincorporated businesses. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

Table of Contents

Last Modified Date: January 22, 2020