Table 4. Median weekly earnings of full-time wage and salary workers by union affiliation, occupation, and industry

Table 4. Median weekly earnings of full-time wage and salary workers by union affiliation, occupation, and industry, 2017-2018 annual averages
Occupation and industry 2017 2018
Total Members
of
unions(1)
Represented
by unions(2)
Non-
union(3)
Total Members
of
unions(1)
Represented
by unions(2)
Non-
union(3)

OCCUPATION

Management, professional, and related occupations

$1,224 $1,215 $1,206 $1,227 $1,246 $1,229 $1,222 $1,250

Management, business, and financial operations occupations

1,327 1,276 1,276 1,329 1,355 1,318 1,334 1,356

Management occupations

1,392 1,349 1,361 1,395 1,429 1,401 1,425 1,430

Business and financial operations occupations

1,174 1,188 1,163 1,174 1,216 1,159 1,164 1,221

Professional and related occupations

1,160 1,199 1,187 1,154 1,176 1,210 1,193 1,173

Computer and mathematical occupations

1,465 1,375 1,371 1,473 1,539 1,458 1,460 1,543

Architecture and engineering occupations

1,478 1,479 1,473 1,479 1,484 1,516 1,529 1,479

Life, physical, and social science occupations

1,286 1,297 1,338 1,276 1,270 1,331 1,323 1,262

Community and social service occupations

900 1,035 1,035 866 913 1,076 1,083 880

Legal occupations

1,443 1,550 1,577 1,428 1,467 1,593 1,503 1,464

Education, training, and library occupations

1,002 1,157 1,144 900 1,002 1,151 1,136 909

Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media occupations

1,066 1,354 1,334 1,041 1,086 1,277 1,205 1,074

Healthcare practitioners and technical occupations

1,124 1,244 1,239 1,103 1,140 1,292 1,288 1,122

Service occupations

544 792 774 518 569 802 781 541

Healthcare support occupations

542 577 573 539 561 618 618 552

Protective service occupations

852 1,163 1,146 713 848 1,137 1,132 715

Food preparation and serving related occupations

484 594 583 479 501 609 598 496

Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance occupations

522 638 629 511 551 679 670 533

Personal care and service occupations

520 624 609 516 544 590 587 541

Sales and office occupations

718 829 814 710 742 835 828 735

Sales and related occupations

763 806 813 761 798 774 766 800

Office and administrative support occupations

701 834 815 688 717 850 843 703

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

801 1,146 1,132 750 824 1,181 1,176 782

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

539 - - 533 581 - - 581

Construction and extraction occupations

796 1,136 1,124 734 808 1,178 1,172 759

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

878 1,187 1,176 822 934 1,208 1,204 891

Production, transportation, and material moving occupations

692 922 902 662 707 924 913 680

Production occupations

701 895 878 678 723 935 923 699

Transportation and material moving occupations

681 949 926 640 689 913 902 657

INDUSTRY

Private sector

829 984 971 816 861 999 989 848

Agriculture and related industries

599 - - 599 619 - - 619

Nonagricultural industries

833 986 974 820 865 1,001 991 853

Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

1,257 - - 1,263 1,291 - - 1,269

Construction

840 1,163 1,155 797 868 1,220 1,210 819

Manufacturing

884 943 927 878 917 992 992 908

Durable goods

910 968 955 904 951 1,025 1,023 941

Nondurable goods

837 892 871 830 858 923 931 843

Wholesale and retail trade

705 758 753 702 722 759 743 721

Wholesale trade

903 979 986 899 917 896 917 917

Retail trade

656 721 714 653 671 719 700 669

Transportation and utilities

888 1,147 1,121 828 901 1,106 1,091 864

Transportation and warehousing

815 1,053 1,016 781 838 1,024 1,014 808

Utilities

1,325 1,432 1,432 1,254 1,292 1,329 1,327 1,271

Information(4)

1,154 1,344 1,330 1,142 1,169 1,355 1,336 1,157

Publishing, except Internet

1,171 - - 1,167 1,153 - - 1,151

Motion pictures and sound recording industries

1,189 - - 1,134 1,114 - - 1,027

Radio and television broadcasting and cable subscription programming

973 - - 959 1,056 - - 1,051

Telecommunications

1,197 1,195 1,201 1,195 1,170 1,331 1,325 1,150

Financial activities

1,009 943 945 1,012 1,047 937 940 1,052

Finance and insurance

1,076 980 964 1,081 1,130 909 948 1,134

Finance

1,125 - 1,010 1,126 1,155 914 940 1,159

Insurance

1,027 - 931 1,032 1,071 - 953 1,078

Real estate and rental and leasing

839 918 931 833 897 979 921 896

Professional and business services

1,037 1,005 1,016 1,038 1,094 888 906 1,105

Professional and technical services

1,347 1,231 1,252 1,349 1,364 1,264 1,205 1,367

Management, administrative, and waste services

$629 $873 $842 $622 $664 $711 $711 $661

Education and health services

843 978 964 831 860 984 978 845

Educational services

957 1,026 1,018 942 985 1,068 1,053 968

Health care and social assistance

810 928 914 800 822 920 921 813

Leisure and hospitality

547 676 669 538 584 700 695 579

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

716 750 766 710 732 772 791 726

Accommodation and food services

513 636 620 510 551 666 655 546

Accommodation

598 685 678 588 615 715 702 604

Food services and drinking places

501 586 564 500 536 621 619 535

Other services(4)

705 913 874 699 735 1,165 1,186 725

Other services, except private households

722 924 890 717 764 1,171 1,195 754

Public sector

986 1,104 1,096 917 999 1,099 1,094 936

Federal government

1,176 1,138 1,146 1,213 1,166 1,076 1,112 1,228

State government

955 1,061 1,050 907 967 1,074 1,058 916

Local government

949 1,121 1,106 832 969 1,114 1,106 859

Footnotes
(1) Data refer to members of a labor union or an employee association similar to a union.
(2) Data refer to both union members and workers who report no union affiliation but whose jobs are covered by a union or an employee association contract.
(3) Data refer to workers who are neither members of a union nor represented by a union on their job.
(4) Includes other industries, not shown separately.

- Data not shown where base is less than 50,000.
NOTE: Data refer to the sole or principal job of full-time wage and salary workers. All self-employed workers are excluded, both those with incorporated businesses as well as those with unincorporated businesses. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

Table of Contents

Last Modified Date: January 18, 2019