Table 4. Median weekly earnings of full-time wage and salary workers by union affiliation, occupation, and industry

Table 4. Median weekly earnings of full-time wage and salary workers by union affiliation, occupation, and industry, 2015-2016 annual averages
Occupation and industry 2015 2016
Total Members
of
unions(1)
Represented
by unions(2)
Non-
union(3)
Total Members
of
unions(1)
Represented
by unions(2)
Non-
union(3)

OCCUPATION

Management, professional, and related occupations

$1,158 $1,152 $1,148 $1,160 $1,188 $1,166 $1,159 $1,197

Management, business, and financial operations occupations

1,258 1,273 1,291 1,257 1,284 1,263 1,266 1,285

Management occupations

1,351 1,386 1,380 1,349 1,370 1,389 1,408 1,368

Business and financial operations occupations

1,137 1,108 1,132 1,138 1,161 1,146 1,141 1,164

Professional and related occupations

1,112 1,140 1,132 1,103 1,141 1,156 1,146 1,140

Computer and mathematical occupations

1,428 1,388 1,327 1,434 1,443 1,372 1,332 1,458

Architecture and engineering occupations

1,424 1,393 1,399 1,427 1,482 1,424 1,411 1,490

Life, physical, and social science occupations

1,206 1,249 1,266 1,187 1,209 1,288 1,278 1,195

Community and social service occupations

889 1,014 1,008 855 919 1,095 1,076 872

Legal occupations

1,391 1,551 1,547 1,373 1,431 1,615 1,621 1,419

Education, training, and library occupations

956 1,095 1,074 860 984 1,130 1,114 887

Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media occupations

1,001 1,228 1,212 984 1,040 1,252 1,224 1,028

Healthcare practitioner and technical occupations

1,041 1,211 1,194 1,014 1,104 1,191 1,175 1,087

Service occupations

509 753 742 489 523 771 753 505

Healthcare support occupations

498 544 546 495 525 602 602 520

Protective service occupations

796 1,031 1,029 687 809 1,088 1,074 694

Food preparation and serving related occupations

441 515 512 436 465 597 581 459

Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance occupations

486 648 628 469 510 664 647 498

Personal care and service occupations

498 515 521 496 505 559 546 503

Sales and office occupations

673 810 801 662 698 810 804 686

Sales and related occupations

716 702 710 716 744 717 724 745

Office and administrative support occupations

656 831 821 639 679 826 818 661

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

761 1,070 1,052 711 786 1,127 1,111 735

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

464 - - 460 520 - - 518

Construction and extraction occupations

749 1,082 1,064 695 784 1,153 1,142 719

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

839 1,066 1,051 799 861 1,076 1,069 822

Production, transportation, and material moving occupations

656 850 842 622 665 881 876 631

Production occupations

663 824 826 635 668 841 837 641

Transportation and material moving occupations

646 876 859 610 662 913 904 622

INDUSTRY

Private sector

776 917 912 765 801 937 932 789

Agriculture and related industries

522 - - 519 572 - - 571

Nonagricultural industries

781 918 913 769 806 937 933 793

Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

1,162 - 1,170 1,162 1,197 - - 1,190

Construction

784 1,099 1,093 743 822 1,168 1,146 780

Manufacturing

839 876 868 833 857 885 884 852

Durable goods

872 889 881 871 893 907 910 890

Nondurable goods

776 849 841 768 793 839 827 789

Wholesale and retail trade

653 673 671 652 676 701 700 675

Wholesale trade

841 876 863 840 871 921 905 868

Retail trade

610 621 622 609 623 645 645 622

Transportation and utilities

843 1,007 1,003 803 860 1,033 1,023 808

Transportation and warehousing

790 980 977 754 795 972 969 757

Utilities

1,133 1,194 1,188 1,116 1,264 1,408 1,388 1,242

Information(4)

1,102 1,260 1,242 1,077 1,143 1,238 1,257 1,133

Publishing, except Internet

1,098 - - 1,102 1,094 - - 1,102

Motion pictures and sound recording industries

996 - - 935 1,085 - - 1,030

Radio and television broadcasting and cable subscription programming

980 - - 968 1,017 - - 1,020

Telecommunications

1,162 1,212 1,208 1,148 1,182 1,273 1,306 1,153

Financial activities

964 915 924 964 977 896 916 981

Finance and insurance

1,024 983 1,004 1,024 1,039 818 853 1,047

Finance

1,061 923 1,082 1,060 1,089 - 813 1,101

Insurance

973 988 981 973 977 - 907 980

Real estate and rental and leasing

782 891 893 772 827 977 970 817

Professional and business services

951 874 906 953 992 887 935 995

Professional and technical services

1,256 1,297 1,268 1,255 1,273 1,309 1,277 1,273

Management, administrative, and waste services

$605 $684 $672 $603 $613 $687 $682 $610

Education and health services

787 962 946 768 817 944 937 799

Educational services

918 1,025 1,015 896 936 967 965 931

Health care and social assistance

754 916 904 742 785 929 921 771

Leisure and hospitality

515 606 592 511 528 670 667 522

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

657 672 680 655 678 720 720 673

Accommodation and food services

492 579 558 489 504 642 637 501

Accommodation

546 645 639 532 582 698 703 564

Food services and drinking places

480 492 490 480 491 567 575 490

Other services(4)

684 903 879 677 686 959 869 681

Other services, except private households

710 916 900 703 708 965 893 703

Public sector

944 1,029 1,023 878 967 1,070 1,055 900

Federal government

1,113 1,058 1,064 1,159 1,149 1,093 1,099 1,188

State government

909 988 982 867 931 1,022 1,011 883

Local government

914 1,043 1,033 783 940 1,089 1,071 817

Footnotes
(1) Data refer to members of a labor union or an employee association similar to a union.
(2) Data refer to both union members and workers who report no union affiliation but whose jobs are covered by a union or an employee association contract.
(3) Data refer to workers who are neither members of a union nor represented by a union on their job.
(4) Includes other industries, not shown separately.

- Data not shown where base is less than 50,000.
NOTE: Data refer to the sole or principal job of full-time wage and salary workers. All self-employed workers are excluded, both those with incorporated businesses as well as those with unincorporated businesses. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

Table of Contents

Last Modified Date: January 26, 2017