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Economic News Release
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Table 5. Union affiliation of employed wage and salary workers by state

Table 5. Union affiliation of employed wage and salary workers by state, 2018-2019 annual averages [Numbers in thousands]
State 2018 2019
Total
employed
Members
of
unions(1)
Represented
by unions(2)
Total
employed
Members
of
unions(1)
Represented
by unions(2)
Total Percent
of
employed
Total Percent
of
employed
Total Percent
of
employed
Total Percent
of
employed

Alabama

1,950 180 9.2 196 10.1 2,041 173 8.5 199 9.8

Alaska

299 55 18.5 60 20.0 282 48 17.1 53 18.7

Arizona

2,943 156 5.3 191 6.5 3,028 174 5.7 214 7.1

Arkansas

1,176 56 4.8 62 5.3 1,200 62 5.2 71 5.9

California

16,399 2,405 14.7 2,587 15.8 16,485 2,504 15.2 2,726 16.5

Colorado

2,564 281 11.0 307 12.0 2,631 237 9.0 259 9.8

Connecticut

1,677 268 16.0 280 16.7 1,680 244 14.5 269 16.0

Delaware

434 45 10.3 47 10.8 432 38 8.7 43 9.9

District of Columbia

354 35 9.9 41 11.6 361 34 9.3 37 10.2

Florida

8,702 484 5.6 588 6.8 8,827 551 6.2 667 7.6

Georgia

4,466 201 4.5 249 5.6 4,422 180 4.1 223 5.0

Hawaii

601 139 23.1 146 24.3 574 135 23.5 147 25.5

Idaho

733 34 4.7 41 5.6 764 37 4.9 46 6.0

Illinois

5,694 786 13.8 839 14.7 5,658 771 13.6 832 14.7

Indiana

3,049 269 8.8 283 9.3 3,007 249 8.3 296 9.8

Iowa

1,461 113 7.7 129 8.8 1,543 97 6.3 122 7.9

Kansas

1,283 90 7.0 129 10.1 1,280 112 8.7 130 10.1

Kentucky

1,812 161 8.9 207 11.4 1,786 144 8.0 169 9.5

Louisiana

1,785 89 5.0 104 5.8 1,784 94 5.3 108 6.1

Maine

573 74 12.9 85 14.8 588 69 11.8 81 13.7

Maryland

2,784 307 11.0 336 12.1 2,912 330 11.3 371 12.8

Massachusetts

3,397 464 13.7 493 14.5 3,397 406 12.0 449 13.2

Michigan

4,320 625 14.5 663 15.4 4,323 589 13.6 648 15.0

Minnesota

2,634 395 15.0 421 16.0 2,662 364 13.7 381 14.3

Mississippi

1,121 58 5.1 80 7.1 1,105 70 6.3 93 8.4

Missouri

2,675 251 9.4 283 10.6 2,661 297 11.1 333 12.5

Montana

427 50 11.8 60 14.0 437 46 10.5 52 12.0

Nebraska

882 59 6.6 71 8.0 894 75 8.4 86 9.6

Nevada

1,376 191 13.9 216 15.7 1,379 201 14.6 222 16.1

New Hampshire

664 68 10.2 77 11.6 677 69 10.3 79 11.6

New Jersey

3,935 587 14.9 639 16.2 4,094 642 15.7 712 17.4

New Mexico

812 56 6.8 67 8.2 813 58 7.1 72 8.8

New York

8,404 1,872 22.3 2,027 24.1 8,253 1,732 21.0 1,877 22.7

North Carolina

4,331 118 2.7 174 4.0 4,396 102 2.3 150 3.4

North Dakota

343 18 5.2 23 6.7 356 21 6.0 27 7.5

Ohio

5,054 639 12.6 722 14.3 5,127 610 11.9 673 13.1

Oklahoma

1,583 90 5.7 117 7.4 1,554 96 6.2 123 7.9

Oregon

1,738 242 13.9 256 14.7 1,772 255 14.4 277 15.7

Pennsylvania

5,575 701 12.6 748 13.4 5,642 676 12.0 740 13.1

Rhode Island

479 83 17.4 89 18.5 475 83 17.4 90 19.0

South Carolina

2,016 55 2.7 72 3.6 2,140 47 2.2 59 2.7

South Dakota

387 22 5.6 28 7.1 395 22 5.6 26 6.7

Tennessee

2,816 155 5.5 179 6.4 2,947 135 4.6 162 5.5

Texas

11,989 512 4.3 653 5.4 12,334 497 4.0 642 5.2

Utah

1,343 56 4.1 76 5.7 1,409 62 4.4 83 5.9

Vermont

291 31 10.5 34 11.6 290 33 11.2 35 12.0

Virginia

3,875 168 4.3 213 5.5 3,881 156 4.0 201 5.2

Washington

3,270 649 19.8 671 20.5 3,393 638 18.8 684 20.2

West Virginia

684 68 10.0 74 10.8 704 72 10.2 78 11.1

Wisconsin

2,700 219 8.1 233 8.6 2,698 218 8.1 245 9.1

Wyoming

235 15 6.5 18 7.7 243 18 7.3 21 8.7

Footnotes
(1) Data refer to members of a labor union or an employee association similar to a union.
(2) Data refer to both union members and workers who report no union affiliation but whose jobs are covered by a union or an employee association contract.

NOTE: Data refer to the sole or principal job of full- and part-time wage and salary workers. All self-employed workers are excluded, both those with incorporated businesses as well as those with unincorporated businesses. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

Table of Contents

Last Modified Date: January 22, 2020