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Economic News Release
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Table 5. Union affiliation of employed wage and salary workers by state

Table 5. Union affiliation of employed wage and salary workers by state, 2020-2021 annual averages [Numbers in thousands]
State 2020 2021
Total
employed
Members
of
unions(1)
Represented
by unions(2)
Total
employed
Members
of
unions(1)
Represented
by unions(2)
Total Percent
of
employed
Total Percent
of
employed
Total Percent
of
employed
Total Percent
of
employed

Alabama

1,896 151 8.0 164 8.7 1,938 115 5.9 133 6.9

Alaska

280 49 17.7 55 19.5 293 46 15.8 50 17.2

Arizona

2,909 155 5.3 207 7.1 3,116 167 5.4 208 6.7

Arkansas

1,158 55 4.7 69 5.9 1,167 46 3.9 51 4.4

California

15,069 2,441 16.2 2,655 17.6 15,497 2,468 15.9 2,757 17.8

Colorado

2,470 182 7.4 202 8.2 2,538 165 6.5 192 7.5

Connecticut

1,533 262 17.1 282 18.4 1,524 223 14.6 248 16.3

Delaware

424 41 9.7 44 10.3 435 42 9.7 44 10.2

District of Columbia

343 30 8.6 33 9.5 350 31 8.9 35 9.9

Florida

8,155 524 6.4 644 7.9 8,667 448 5.2 529 6.1

Georgia

4,173 194 4.6 271 6.5 4,404 211 4.8 256 5.8

Hawaii

508 120 23.7 130 25.7 541 121 22.4 131 24.1

Idaho

732 41 5.6 47 6.4 767 36 4.7 42 5.5

Illinois

5,178 739 14.3 788 15.2 5,397 752 13.9 818 15.2

Indiana

2,838 235 8.3 270 9.5 2,844 256 9.0 290 10.2

Iowa

1,401 93 6.6 128 9.1 1,428 93 6.5 118 8.3

Kansas

1,282 114 8.9 144 11.2 1,300 120 9.2 148 11.4

Kentucky

1,694 127 7.5 160 9.4 1,740 126 7.2 170 9.8

Louisiana

1,682 99 5.9 113 6.7 1,722 81 4.7 98 5.7

Maine

559 82 14.7 93 16.7 563 70 12.4 83 14.7

Maryland

2,690 351 13.1 380 14.1 2,689 295 11.0 332 12.3

Massachusetts

2,982 357 12.0 383 12.8 3,181 402 12.6 433 13.6

Michigan

3,974 604 15.2 661 16.6 4,047 540 13.3 620 15.3

Minnesota

2,515 398 15.8 427 17.0 2,608 416 16.0 446 17.1

Mississippi

1,034 74 7.1 86 8.3 1,080 59 5.5 74 6.9

Missouri

2,525 238 9.4 254 10.1 2,615 235 9.0 266 10.2

Montana

419 50 12.0 54 13.0 438 49 11.2 56 12.9

Nebraska

890 85 9.6 94 10.5 896 61 6.8 72 8.0

Nevada

1,208 161 13.4 186 15.4 1,249 153 12.2 176 14.1

New Hampshire

629 62 9.8 70 11.1 643 65 10.1 73 11.3

New Jersey

3,719 600 16.1 660 17.8 3,762 608 16.2 672 17.9

New Mexico

743 53 7.1 64 8.6 770 58 7.5 70 9.1

New York

7,552 1,661 22.0 1,784 23.6 7,770 1,729 22.2 1,869 24.1

North Carolina

4,128 129 3.1 161 3.9 4,225 108 2.6 142 3.4

North Dakota

338 21 6.2 25 7.4 349 19 5.4 24 6.9

Ohio

4,815 637 13.2 686 14.2 4,966 596 12.0 647 13.0

Oklahoma

1,501 90 6.0 114 7.6 1,546 87 5.6 105 6.8

Oregon

1,694 275 16.2 293 17.3 1,784 318 17.8 336 18.8

Pennsylvania

5,307 717 13.5 775 14.6 5,380 693 12.9 732 13.6

Rhode Island

455 81 17.8 87 19.1 474 75 15.7 83 17.4

South Carolina

2,036 59 2.9 77 3.8 2,070 34 1.7 42 2.0

South Dakota

385 17 4.3 21 5.5 393 16 4.0 20 5.0

Tennessee

2,678 117 4.4 137 5.1 2,820 145 5.2 166 5.9

Texas

11,607 563 4.9 693 6.0 12,057 454 3.8 571 4.7

Utah

1,403 51 3.7 75 5.4 1,465 51 3.5 96 6.5

Vermont

265 31 11.8 36 13.8 262 32 12.3 37 14.2

Virginia

3,703 164 4.4 201 5.4 3,685 176 4.8 240 6.5

Washington

3,201 557 17.4 596 18.6 3,308 629 19.0 661 20.0

West Virginia

666 71 10.7 75 11.3 693 66 9.6 73 10.5

Wisconsin

2,592 227 8.7 264 10.2 2,705 215 7.9 251 9.3

Wyoming

240 18 7.6 22 9.3 234 13 5.7 16 6.9

Footnotes
(1) Data refer to members of a labor union or an employee association similar to a union.
(2) Data refer to both union members and workers who report no union affiliation but whose jobs are covered by a union or an employee association contract.

NOTE: Data refer to the sole or principal job of full- and part-time wage and salary workers. All self-employed workers are excluded, both those with incorporated businesses as well as those with unincorporated businesses. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

Last Modified Date: January 20, 2022