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Economic News Release
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Employment Situation of Veterans Summary Table A. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population 18 years and over by veteran status, period of service, and sex, 2018-2019 annual averages

Table A. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population 18 years and over by veteran status, period of service, and sex, 2018-2019 annual averages [Numbers in thousands]
Veteran status and period of service 2018 2019
Total Men Women Total Men Women

TOTAL VETERANS

Civilian noninstitutional population

19,201 17,335 1,866 18,822 16,938 1,884

Civilian labor force

9,453 8,320 1,133 9,270 8,169 1,101

Participation rate

49.2 48.0 60.7 49.2 48.2 58.4

Employed

9,127 8,027 1,099 8,986 7,926 1,060

Employment-population ratio

47.5 46.3 58.9 47.7 46.8 56.2

Unemployed

326 292 34 284 243 41

Unemployment rate

3.5 3.5 3.0 3.1 3.0 3.7

Not in labor force

9,748 9,015 732 9,552 8,769 784

Gulf War-era II veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

4,149 3,444 704 4,328 3,602 726

Civilian labor force

3,358 2,853 505 3,468 2,974 495

Participation rate

80.9 82.8 71.7 80.1 82.6 68.1

Employed

3,229 2,742 487 3,345 2,874 471

Employment-population ratio

77.8 79.6 69.1 77.3 79.8 64.9

Unemployed

129 111 18 123 100 23

Unemployment rate

3.8 3.9 3.5 3.5 3.4 4.7

Not in labor force

791 592 200 860 628 232

NONVETERANS

Civilian noninstitutional population

229,673 102,817 126,857 231,555 103,960 127,595

Civilian labor force

150,489 76,774 73,715 152,188 77,491 74,697

Participation rate

65.5 74.7 58.1 65.7 74.5 58.5

Employed

144,797 73,824 70,972 146,763 74,655 72,107

Employment-population ratio

63.0 71.8 55.9 63.4 71.8 56.5

Unemployed

5,693 2,950 2,743 5,425 2,835 2,590

Unemployment rate

3.8 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.7 3.5

Not in labor force

79,184 26,043 53,141 79,367 26,469 52,898

NOTE: Veterans are men and women who served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Gulf War-era II veterans served on active duty anywhere in the world sometime since September 2001. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Effective with data for November 2017, estimates for veterans incorporate population controls derived from an updated Department of Veterans Affairs population model.

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Last Modified Date: April 22, 2020