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Table 1. Employment status of persons 18 years and over by veteran status, period of service, sex, race, and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, 2020 annual averages

Table 1. Employment status of persons 18 years and over by veteran status, period of service, sex, race, and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, 2020 annual averages [Numbers in thousands]
Veteran status, period of service,
sex, race, and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity
Civilian
noninsti-
tutional
population
Civilian labor force Not in
labor
force
Total Percent
of
population
Employed Unemployed
Total Percent
of
population
Total Percent
of
labor force

TOTAL

Total, 18 years and over

251,565 158,661 63.1 146,077 58.1 12,583 7.9 92,904

Veterans

18,466 8,918 48.3 8,338 45.2 581 6.5 9,548

Gulf War era, total

7,558 5,806 76.8 5,438 71.9 368 6.3 1,752

Gulf War era II

4,484 3,530 78.7 3,271 72.9 259 7.3 955

Gulf War era I

3,074 2,276 74.0 2,167 70.5 109 4.8 798

WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era

6,826 1,254 18.4 1,170 17.1 84 6.7 5,572

Other service periods

4,082 1,859 45.5 1,730 42.4 128 6.9 2,224

Nonveterans

233,099 149,742 64.2 137,739 59.1 12,003 8.0 83,357

Men

Total, 18 years and over

121,522 84,230 69.3 77,757 64.0 6,473 7.7 37,292

Veterans

16,562 7,826 47.2 7,319 44.2 507 6.5 8,737

Gulf War era, total

6,295 4,952 78.7 4,642 73.7 309 6.2 1,344

Gulf War era II

3,725 3,009 80.8 2,788 74.8 221 7.4 716

Gulf War era I

2,570 1,943 75.6 1,855 72.2 88 4.5 627

WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era

6,587 1,221 18.5 1,140 17.3 80 6.6 5,366

Other service periods

3,680 1,653 44.9 1,536 41.7 117 7.1 2,027

Nonveterans

104,960 76,404 72.8 70,438 67.1 5,966 7.8 28,555

Women

Total, 18 years and over

130,043 74,431 57.2 68,320 52.5 6,110 8.2 55,612

Veterans

1,904 1,093 57.4 1,019 53.5 74 6.7 811

Gulf War era, total

1,263 854 67.6 795 63.0 59 6.9 409

Gulf War era II

760 521 68.6 483 63.6 38 7.2 239

Gulf War era I

503 333 66.2 312 61.9 21 6.4 170

WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era

238 33 14.0 29 12.4 4 - 205

Other service periods

402 205 51.1 194 48.4 11 5.3 197

Nonveterans

128,140 73,338 57.2 67,301 52.5 6,037 8.2 54,802

White

Total, 18 years and over

194,879 122,779 63.0 113,964 58.5 8,816 7.2 72,100

Veterans

15,240 7,190 47.2 6,749 44.3 442 6.1 8,050

Gulf War era, total

5,842 4,556 78.0 4,283 73.3 272 6.0 1,286

Gulf War era II

3,394 2,730 80.4 2,540 74.8 190 7.0 664

Gulf War era I

2,447 1,826 74.6 1,743 71.2 82 4.5 622

WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era

6,023 1,122 18.6 1,050 17.4 72 6.4 4,901

Other service periods

3,375 1,513 44.8 1,416 41.9 97 6.4 1,862

Nonveterans

179,639 115,589 64.3 107,215 59.7 8,374 7.2 64,050

Black or African American

Total, 18 years and over

32,122 19,953 62.1 17,711 55.1 2,241 11.2 12,170

Veterans

2,325 1,217 52.4 1,126 48.4 91 7.5 1,108

Gulf War era, total

1,192 847 71.1 789 66.2 58 6.8 345

Gulf War era II

717 514 71.8 479 66.9 35 6.8 202

Gulf War era I

475 333 70.1 310 65.3 23 6.8 142

WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era

582 92 15.8 82 14.1 10 10.5 490

Other service periods

551 278 50.5 254 46.1 24 8.6 273

Nonveterans

29,798 18,735 62.9 16,585 55.7 2,150 11.5 11,062

Asian

Total, 18 years and over

15,934 10,236 64.2 9,350 58.7 886 8.7 5,698

Veterans

318 184 58.0 175 55.0 9 5.1 133

Gulf War era, total

188 143 76.0 135 72.0 8 5.3 45

Gulf War era II

132 103 78.6 97 73.4 7 6.7 28

Gulf War era I

57 40 69.8 39 68.7 1 1.5 17

WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era

85 23 26.4 22 25.4 1 - 63

Other service periods

44 19 42.5 18 40.1 1 - 26

Nonveterans

15,616 10,052 64.4 9,175 58.8 877 8.7 5,565

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

Total, 18 years and over

42,037 28,540 67.9 25,608 60.9 2,932 10.3 13,497

Veterans

1,456 958 65.8 887 60.9 71 7.4 499

Gulf War era, total

917 751 82.0 694 75.8 57 7.6 165

Gulf War era II

622 515 82.8 470 75.6 45 8.7 107

Gulf War era I

295 236 80.2 224 76.1 12 5.1 58

WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era

292 68 23.3 64 21.9 4 5.9 224

Other service periods

247 138 55.9 129 52.0 10 7.0 109

Nonveterans

40,581 27,583 68.0 24,721 60.9 2,862 10.4 12,998

NOTE: Veterans are men and women who served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans are counted in only one period of service, their most recent wartime period. Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified in the most recent one. Veterans who served in both a wartime period and any other service period are classified in the wartime period. Estimates for the above race groups (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Dash indicates no data or data that do not meet publication criteria (values not shown where base is less than 35,000).

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Last Modified Date: March 18, 2021