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Table 1. Employment status of persons 18 years and over by veteran status, period of service, sex, race, and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, 2021 annual averages

Table 1. Employment status of persons 18 years and over by veteran status, period of service, sex, race, and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, 2021 annual averages [Numbers in thousands]
Veteran status, period of service,
sex, race, and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity
Civilian
noninsti-
tutional
population
Civilian labor force Not in
labor
force
Total Percent
of
population
Employed Unemployed
Total Percent
of
population
Total Percent
of
labor force

TOTAL

Total, 18 years and over

252,682 158,961 62.9 150,594 59.6 8,368 5.3 93,721

Veterans

18,506 8,818 47.7 8,433 45.6 386 4.4 9,688

Gulf War era, total

7,860 6,012 76.5 5,760 73.3 252 4.2 1,848

Gulf War era II

4,670 3,673 78.7 3,502 75.0 171 4.6 997

Gulf War era I

3,190 2,339 73.3 2,257 70.8 81 3.5 851

WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era

6,587 1,080 16.4 1,033 15.7 48 4.4 5,506

Other service periods

4,059 1,726 42.5 1,640 40.4 86 5.0 2,333

Nonveterans

234,176 150,143 64.1 142,161 60.7 7,982 5.3 84,033

Men

Total, 18 years and over

122,049 84,422 69.2 79,872 65.4 4,551 5.4 37,626

Veterans

16,533 7,670 46.4 7,332 44.3 337 4.4 8,863

Gulf War era, total

6,541 5,104 78.0 4,890 74.8 215 4.2 1,437

Gulf War era II

3,858 3,113 80.7 2,970 77.0 144 4.6 745

Gulf War era I

2,683 1,991 74.2 1,920 71.6 71 3.6 692

WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era

6,341 1,037 16.4 992 15.6 46 4.4 5,304

Other service periods

3,652 1,529 41.9 1,451 39.7 77 5.1 2,123

Nonveterans

105,515 76,752 72.7 72,539 68.7 4,213 5.5 28,763

Women

Total, 18 years and over

130,633 74,539 57.1 70,722 54.1 3,817 5.1 56,094

Veterans

1,973 1,148 58.2 1,100 55.8 48 4.2 824

Gulf War era, total

1,319 908 68.8 870 66.0 38 4.1 412

Gulf War era II

812 560 69.0 533 65.6 27 4.9 252

Gulf War era I

507 348 68.6 337 66.5 10 3.0 159

WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era

246 43 17.7 41 16.7 2 5.2 202

Other service periods

408 197 48.3 189 46.3 8 4.2 210

Nonveterans

128,661 73,391 57.0 69,622 54.1 3,769 5.1 55,270

White

Total, 18 years and over

195,504 122,375 62.6 116,703 59.7 5,672 4.6 73,128

Veterans

15,127 7,005 46.3 6,712 44.4 293 4.2 8,122

Gulf War era, total

5,995 4,674 78.0 4,487 74.9 187 4.0 1,320

Gulf War era II

3,525 2,841 80.6 2,711 76.9 129 4.5 685

Gulf War era I

2,469 1,834 74.3 1,776 71.9 58 3.2 636

WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era

5,797 941 16.2 900 15.5 42 4.4 4,855

Other service periods

3,336 1,389 41.6 1,325 39.7 64 4.6 1,946

Nonveterans

180,377 115,370 64.0 109,991 61.0 5,379 4.7 65,006

Black or African American

Total, 18 years and over

32,380 20,281 62.6 18,568 57.3 1,713 8.4 12,099

Veterans

2,448 1,316 53.7 1,250 51.1 66 5.0 1,133

Gulf War era, total

1,341 955 71.2 910 67.9 45 4.7 386

Gulf War era II

797 580 72.7 553 69.3 27 4.6 218

Gulf War era I

544 376 69.0 357 65.7 18 4.8 168

WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era

549 102 18.5 98 17.9 3 3.2 447

Other service periods

558 259 46.4 241 43.2 18 6.8 299

Nonveterans

29,932 18,965 63.4 17,318 57.9 1,647 8.7 10,967

Asian

Total, 18 years and over

15,975 10,417 65.2 9,897 62.0 520 5.0 5,557

Veterans

291 164 56.6 158 54.4 6 3.8 126

Gulf War era, total

163 128 78.5 123 75.3 5 4.1 35

Gulf War era II

112 88 78.6 84 74.7 4 4.9 24

Gulf War era I

51 40 78.4 39 76.7 1 2.2 11

WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era

85 15 17.5 15 17.2 0 - 70

Other service periods

42 22 50.7 21 48.7 1 - 21

Nonveterans

15,684 10,253 65.4 9,739 62.1 514 5.0 5,431

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

Total, 18 years and over

42,701 28,931 67.8 27,008 63.2 1,924 6.6 13,769

Veterans

1,453 931 64.1 875 60.2 56 6.0 522

Gulf War era, total

925 747 80.8 707 76.5 40 5.3 178

Gulf War era II

605 489 80.9 460 76.0 29 6.0 116

Gulf War era I

320 258 80.6 247 77.3 10 4.1 62

WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era

295 57 19.3 51 17.3 6 10.6 238

Other service periods

234 127 54.4 117 50.0 10 8.1 107

Nonveterans

41,247 28,000 67.9 26,133 63.4 1,867 6.7 13,247

NOTE: Veterans are men and women who served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans are counted in only one period of service, their most recent wartime period. Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified in the most recent one. Veterans who served in both a wartime period and any other service period are classified in the wartime period. Estimates for the above race groups (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Dash indicates no data or data that do not meet publication criteria (values not shown where base is less than 35,000).

Last Modified Date: April 21, 2022