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Table 1. Employment status of persons 18 years and over by veteran status, period of service, sex, race, and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, 2018 annual averages

Table 1. Employment status of persons 18 years and over by veteran status, period of service, sex, race, and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, 2018 annual averages [Numbers in thousands]
Veteran status, period of service,
sex, race, and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity
Civilian
noninsti-
tutional
population
Civilian labor force Not in
labor
force
Total Percent
of
population
Employed Unemployed
Total Percent
of
population
Total Percent
of
labor force

TOTAL

Total, 18 years and over

248,874 159,942 64.3 153,923 61.8 6,019 3.8 88,932

Veterans

19,201 9,453 49.2 9,127 47.5 326 3.5 9,748

Gulf War era, total

7,238 5,784 79.9 5,588 77.2 197 3.4 1,454

Gulf War era II

4,149 3,358 80.9 3,229 77.8 129 3.8 791

Gulf War era I

3,089 2,427 78.6 2,358 76.3 68 2.8 662

WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era

7,626 1,594 20.9 1,537 20.2 57 3.6 6,033

Other service periods

4,336 2,075 47.9 2,002 46.2 73 3.5 2,261

Nonveterans

229,673 150,489 65.5 144,797 63.0 5,693 3.8 79,184

Men

Total, 18 years and over

120,152 85,094 70.8 81,852 68.1 3,242 3.8 35,058

Veterans

17,335 8,320 48.0 8,027 46.3 292 3.5 9,015

Gulf War era, total

6,043 4,919 81.4 4,748 78.6 171 3.5 1,124

Gulf War era II

3,444 2,853 82.8 2,742 79.6 111 3.9 592

Gulf War era I

2,599 2,066 79.5 2,005 77.2 61 2.9 533

WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era

7,366 1,541 20.9 1,485 20.2 56 3.6 5,826

Other service periods

3,925 1,860 47.4 1,795 45.7 65 3.5 2,065

Nonveterans

102,817 76,774 74.7 73,824 71.8 2,950 3.8 26,043

Women

Total, 18 years and over

128,722 74,849 58.1 72,072 56.0 2,777 3.7 53,874

Veterans

1,866 1,133 60.7 1,099 58.9 34 3.0 732

Gulf War era, total

1,194 865 72.4 840 70.3 25 2.9 329

Gulf War era II

704 505 71.7 487 69.1 18 3.5 200

Gulf War era I

490 360 73.5 353 72.0 7 2.1 130

WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era

260 53 20.3 52 19.9 1 1.7 207

Other service periods

412 215 52.3 208 50.5 8 3.6 196

Nonveterans

126,857 73,715 58.1 70,972 55.9 2,743 3.7 53,141

White

Total, 18 years and over

193,658 124,123 64.1 119,976 62.0 4,146 3.3 69,535

Veterans

15,819 7,580 47.9 7,328 46.3 252 3.3 8,239

Gulf War era, total

5,507 4,457 80.9 4,311 78.3 146 3.3 1,050

Gulf War era II

3,183 2,613 82.1 2,521 79.2 91 3.5 571

Gulf War era I

2,323 1,844 79.4 1,790 77.0 54 3.0 479

WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era

6,702 1,413 21.1 1,364 20.4 49 3.5 5,288

Other service periods

3,610 1,710 47.4 1,653 45.8 57 3.3 1,901

Nonveterans

177,839 116,543 65.5 112,648 63.3 3,895 3.3 61,296

Black or African American

Total, 18 years and over

31,518 20,215 64.1 18,948 60.1 1,267 6.3 11,303

Veterans

2,433 1,323 54.4 1,266 52.0 57 4.3 1,110

Gulf War era, total

1,215 918 75.6 881 72.5 37 4.0 297

Gulf War era II

658 494 75.2 467 71.1 27 5.5 163

Gulf War era I

557 424 76.1 414 74.3 10 2.4 133

WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era

644 117 18.2 112 17.4 5 4.6 527

Other service periods

574 287 50.0 273 47.5 14 5.0 287

Nonveterans

29,084 18,892 65.0 17,682 60.8 1,210 6.4 10,192

Asian

Total, 18 years and over

15,412 10,027 65.1 9,729 63.1 298 3.0 5,384

Veterans

361 208 57.5 202 56.0 5 2.6 153

Gulf War era, total

204 153 74.8 148 72.4 5 3.2 52

Gulf War era II

127 100 78.7 96 75.6 4 3.9 27

Gulf War era I

77 52 68.2 51 66.9 1 1.9 24

WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era

107 29 27.5 29 27.2 0 - 77

Other service periods

50 25 51.2 25 50.6 0 - 24

Nonveterans

15,051 9,820 65.2 9,527 63.3 293 3.0 5,231

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

Total, 18 years and over

40,581 27,886 68.7 26,630 65.6 1,256 4.5 12,695

Veterans

1,345 849 63.1 817 60.7 33 3.8 496

Gulf War era, total

776 631 81.3 610 78.6 21 3.3 145

Gulf War era II

539 432 80.1 417 77.4 15 3.4 107

Gulf War era I

237 199 83.9 193 81.3 6 3.1 38

WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era

338 86 25.5 82 24.3 4 5.0 252

Other service periods

231 132 57.2 125 54.0 7 5.5 99

Nonveterans

39,236 27,037 68.9 25,813 65.8 1,223 4.5 12,199

NOTE: Veterans are men and women who served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans are counted in only one period of service, their most recent wartime period. Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified in the most recent one. Veterans who served in both a wartime period and any other service period are classified in the wartime period. Estimates for the above race groups (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Dash indicates no data or data that do not meet publication criteria (values not shown where base is less than 35,000).

Table of Contents

Last Modified Date: March 21, 2019