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Table 7. Employment status of veterans 18 years and over by presence of service-connected disability, reported disability rating, period of service, and sex, August 2020, not seasonally adjusted

Table 7. Employment status of veterans 18 years and over by presence of service-connected disability, reported disability rating, period of service, and sex, August 2020, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Presence of disability, reported disability rating,
period of service, and sex
Civilian
noninsti-
tutional
population
Civilian labor force Not in labor
force
Total Percent of
population
Employed Unemployed
Total Percent of
population
Total Percent of
labor force

TOTAL
VETERANS

Total

18,417 8,763 47.6 8,145 44.2 618 7.1 9,653

With service-connected disability

4,747 2,305 48.6 2,161 45.5 144 6.2 2,442

Less than 30 percent disability rating

1,290 694 53.8 661 51.2 33 4.7 596

30 to 50 percent disability rating

965 573 59.3 551 57.1 21 3.7 393

60 percent or higher disability rating

2,067 852 41.2 770 37.3 82 9.6 1,215

Disability rating not reported

425 187 44.0 179 42.2 8 4.2 238

Without service-connected disability

13,054 6,163 47.2 5,721 43.8 442 7.2 6,891

Presence of disability not reported

616 295 47.9 263 42.7 32 10.9 321

Gulf War era, total

Total

7,575 5,949 78.5 5,530 73.0 419 7.0 1,626

With service-connected disability

2,597 1,839 70.8 1,714 66.0 125 6.8 758

Less than 30 percent disability rating

572 484 84.6 464 81.1 20 4.2 88

30 to 50 percent disability rating

569 472 83.0 451 79.3 21 4.4 97

60 percent or higher disability rating

1,257 735 58.4 660 52.5 75 10.3 522

Disability rating not reported

199 148 74.3 140 70.4 8 5.3 51

Without service-connected disability

4,678 3,890 83.2 3,617 77.3 273 7.0 788

Presence of disability not reported

299 219 73.3 198 66.0 22 9.9 80

Gulf War era II

Total

4,590 3,742 81.5 3,426 74.6 316 8.4 848

With service-connected disability

1,843 1,361 73.8 1,249 67.8 111 8.2 483

Less than 30 percent disability rating

358 328 91.5 309 86.2 19 5.8 30

30 to 50 percent disability rating

348 301 86.5 285 81.8 16 5.4 47

60 percent or higher disability rating

1,003 638 63.6 562 56.1 75 11.8 365

Disability rating not reported

134 94 70.0 93 69.6 0 0.5 40

Without service-connected disability

2,563 2,248 87.7 2,050 80.0 197 8.8 315

Presence of disability not reported

184 133 72.7 126 68.7 7 5.6 50

Gulf War era I

Total

2,985 2,207 73.9 2,104 70.5 103 4.7 778

With service-connected disability

754 478 63.4 465 61.7 13 2.8 276

Less than 30 percent disability rating

214 156 73.1 155 72.5 1 0.8 57

30 to 50 percent disability rating

221 171 77.4 166 75.3 5 2.7 50

60 percent or higher disability rating

255 97 38.2 97 38.2 - - 157

Disability rating not reported

65 54 - 47 - 7 - 11

Without service-connected disability

2,115 1,643 77.7 1,567 74.1 75 4.6 472

Presence of disability not reported

116 86 74.2 72 61.9 14 16.6 30

WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era

Total

6,776 1,013 15.0 938 13.8 75 7.4 5,763

With service-connected disability

1,622 232 14.3 223 13.7 9 3.8 1,390

Less than 30 percent disability rating

514 98 19.2 90 17.5 8 8.5 415

30 to 50 percent disability rating

288 45 15.8 45 15.6 0 - 243

60 percent or higher disability rating

648 71 11.0 71 11.0 - - 577

Disability rating not reported

172 17 9.7 17 9.7 - - 155

Without service-connected disability

4,989 771 15.5 705 14.1 66 8.6 4,218

Presence of disability not reported

165 10 6.4 10 6.1 0 - 154

Other service periods

Total

4,066 1,801 44.3 1,677 41.3 124 6.9 2,265

With service-connected disability

528 235 44.5 224 42.4 11 4.6 293

Less than 30 percent disability rating

204 111 54.4 107 52.4 4 3.7 93

30 to 50 percent disability rating

108 55 50.9 55 50.9 - - 53

60 percent or higher disability rating

161 46 28.4 39 24.4 7 - 115

Disability rating not reported

54 23 - 23 - - - 32

Without service-connected disability

3,386 1,502 44.3 1,398 41.3 103 6.9 1,885

Presence of disability not reported

152 65 42.9 55 36.3 10 - 87

MEN
VETERANS

Total

16,510 7,702 46.7 7,177 43.5 526 6.8 8,807

With service-connected disability

4,211 1,965 46.7 1,851 44.0 114 5.8 2,246

Less than 30 percent disability rating

1,158 583 50.4 552 47.6 31 5.4 575

30 to 50 percent disability rating

827 468 56.6 452 54.7 15 3.3 359

60 percent or higher disability rating

1,849 747 40.4 680 36.8 67 8.9 1,102

Disability rating not reported

377 167 44.2 167 44.2 - - 210

Without service-connected disability

11,775 5,495 46.7 5,099 43.3 396 7.2 6,280

Presence of disability not reported

524 243 46.3 226 43.2 16 6.7 281

Gulf War era, total

Total

6,307 5,076 80.5 4,729 75.0 347 6.8 1,231

With service-connected disability

2,132 1,515 71.1 1,417 66.5 98 6.5 617

Less than 30 percent disability rating

448 376 84.0 357 79.8 19 5.0 72

30 to 50 percent disability rating

442 368 83.3 353 79.9 15 4.1 74

60 percent or higher disability rating

1,077 638 59.3 575 53.4 64 10.0 438

Disability rating not reported

165 132 80.0 132 80.0 - - 33

Without service-connected disability

3,944 3,389 85.9 3,146 79.8 243 7.2 555

Presence of disability not reported

231 172 74.5 166 72.0 6 3.3 59

Gulf War era II

Total

3,846 3,236 84.1 2,948 76.6 289 8.9 610

With service-connected disability

1,548 1,151 74.4 1,055 68.2 96 8.3 397

Less than 30 percent disability rating

295 264 89.7 247 83.7 18 6.7 30

30 to 50 percent disability rating

291 252 86.4 237 81.4 14 5.7 40

60 percent or higher disability rating

849 550 64.8 486 57.2 64 11.6 299

Disability rating not reported

113 86 75.5 86 75.5 - - 28

Without service-connected disability

2,160 1,976 91.5 1,784 82.6 193 9.8 184

Presence of disability not reported

138 109 79.0 109 79.0 0 0.0 29

Gulf War era I

Total

2,460 1,839 74.8 1,781 72.4 58 3.2 621

With service-connected disability

584 364 62.3 362 62.0 2 0.5 220

Less than 30 percent disability rating

153 112 73.1 111 72.3 1 1.2 41

30 to 50 percent disability rating

151 116 77.3 116 76.9 1 0.5 34

60 percent or higher disability rating

228 89 39.0 89 39.0 - - 139

Disability rating not reported

52 47 - 47 - - - 5

Without service-connected disability

1,784 1,413 79.2 1,362 76.3 51 3.6 371

Presence of disability not reported

93 63 67.7 57 61.6 6 - 30

WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era

Total

6,539 1,000 15.3 929 14.2 72 7.2 5,539

With service-connected disability

1,594 228 14.3 220 13.8 9 3.8 1,366

Less than 30 percent disability rating

514 98 19.2 90 17.5 8 8.5 415

30 to 50 percent disability rating

282 45 16.1 45 16.0 0 - 236

60 percent or higher disability rating

639 71 11.1 71 11.1 - - 568

Disability rating not reported

160 13 8.4 13 8.4 - - 146

Without service-connected disability

4,791 767 16.0 704 14.7 62 8.1 4,024

Presence of disability not reported

154 6 3.6 5 3.3 0 - 148

Other service periods

Total

3,664 1,626 44.4 1,519 41.5 107 6.6 2,038

With service-connected disability

485 222 45.7 215 44.2 7 3.1 264

Less than 30 percent disability rating

197 109 55.2 105 53.1 4 3.8 88

30 to 50 percent disability rating

104 55 52.5 55 52.5 - - 49

60 percent or higher disability rating

133 38 28.1 35 26.1 3 - 96

Disability rating not reported

51 21 - 21 - - - 30

Without service-connected disability

3,040 1,340 44.1 1,250 41.1 90 6.7 1,700

Presence of disability not reported

139 65 46.9 55 39.7 10 - 74

WOMEN
VETERANS

Total

1,907 1,061 55.6 968 50.7 93 8.8 846

With service-connected disability

536 340 63.6 310 57.9 30 8.9 195

Less than 30 percent disability rating

131 110 83.9 109 82.8 1 1.3 21

30 to 50 percent disability rating

138 105 75.9 99 71.7 6 5.6 33

60 percent or higher disability rating

218 105 48.1 89 41.1 15 14.6 113

Disability rating not reported

48 21 - 13 - 8 - 28

Without service-connected disability

1,279 668 52.2 621 48.6 46 6.9 611

Presence of disability not reported

92 52 56.8 36 39.3 16 - 40

Gulf War era, total

Total

1,268 873 68.8 801 63.2 72 8.2 395

With service-connected disability

466 324 69.6 298 63.9 27 8.2 141

Without service-connected disability

734 501 68.3 472 64.3 29 5.8 233

Presence of disability not reported

69 48 - 31 - 16 - 21

Gulf War era II

Total

743 505 68.0 478 64.3 27 5.4 238

With service-connected disability

295 210 71.0 194 65.9 15 7.3 86

Without service-connected disability

403 271 67.3 267 66.2 5 1.7 132

Presence of disability not reported

45 24 - 17 - 7 - 21

Gulf War era I

Total

525 368 70.1 323 61.6 45 12.2 157

With service-connected disability

170 115 67.2 103 60.6 11 9.9 56

Without service-connected disability

331 230 69.5 205 62.0 25 10.8 101

Presence of disability not reported

23 23 - 15 - 9 - 0

WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era

Total

237 13 5.4 9 3.8 4 - 224

With service-connected disability

28 3 - 3 - - - 25

Without service-connected disability

198 5 2.3 1 0.4 4 - 194

Presence of disability not reported

11 5 - 5 - - - 6

Other service periods

Total

402 175 43.5 158 39.3 17 9.8 227

With service-connected disability

42 13 - 9 - 4 - 29

Without service-connected disability

347 162 46.7 149 42.9 13 8.2 185

Presence of disability not reported

13 0 - 0 - 0 - 13

NOTE: Veterans are men and women who served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans are counted in only one period of service, their most recent wartime period. Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified in the most recent one. Veterans who served in both a wartime period and any other service period are classified in the wartime period. A service-connected disability is a health condition or impairment caused or made worse by military service. The associated disability rating, which can range from 0 to 100 percent, is determined from a rating schedule published in the U.S. Code of Federal Regulations, "Title 38." More information appears in the Technical Note of this release. Beginning with data for August 2015, estimates from the veterans supplement reflect a change in the weighting methodology. Dash indicates no data or data that do not meet publication criteria (values not shown where base is less than 75,000).

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Last Modified Date: March 18, 2021