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Table 7. Employment status of veterans 18 years and over by presence of service-connected disability, reported disability rating, period of service, and sex, August 2019, not seasonally adjusted

Table 7. Employment status of veterans 18 years and over by presence of service-connected disability, reported disability rating, period of service, and sex, August 2019, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Presence of disability, reported disability rating,
period of service, and sex
Civilian
noninsti-
tutional
population
Civilian labor force Not in labor
force
Total Percent of
population
Employed Unemployed
Total Percent of
population
Total Percent of
labor force

TOTAL
VETERANS

Total

18,776 9,017 48.0 8,664 46.1 353 3.9 9,759

With service-connected disability

4,742 2,252 47.5 2,144 45.2 109 4.8 2,489

Less than 30 percent disability rating

1,241 667 53.8 647 52.2 20 3.0 573

30 to 50 percent disability rating

1,029 590 57.3 580 56.3 11 1.8 439

60 percent or higher disability rating

2,092 853 40.8 780 37.3 73 8.6 1,239

Disability rating not reported

380 142 37.4 137 36.2 5 3.3 238

Without service-connected disability

13,530 6,503 48.1 6,260 46.3 243 3.7 7,027

Presence of disability not reported

505 262 51.9 261 51.7 1 0.3 243

Gulf War era, total

Total

7,419 5,832 78.6 5,596 75.4 236 4.1 1,587

With service-connected disability

2,559 1,782 69.6 1,698 66.4 84 4.7 777

Less than 30 percent disability rating

524 432 82.4 420 80.0 12 2.8 93

30 to 50 percent disability rating

634 496 78.3 491 77.4 6 1.2 137

60 percent or higher disability rating

1,243 741 59.6 678 54.6 63 8.5 502

Disability rating not reported

159 113 71.3 110 69.4 3 2.6 46

Without service-connected disability

4,614 3,841 83.2 3,688 79.9 153 4.0 773

Presence of disability not reported

246 210 85.2 210 85.2 0 0.0 36

Gulf War era II

Total

4,411 3,520 79.8 3,356 76.1 164 4.7 891

With service-connected disability

1,792 1,302 72.7 1,230 68.7 72 5.5 490

Less than 30 percent disability rating

304 280 92.2 273 90.1 6 2.3 24

30 to 50 percent disability rating

407 344 84.7 339 83.3 6 1.7 62

60 percent or higher disability rating

986 604 61.2 547 55.5 57 9.4 382

Disability rating not reported

95 73 77.1 71 73.9 3 - 22

Without service-connected disability

2,464 2,090 84.8 1,998 81.1 92 4.4 373

Presence of disability not reported

155 128 82.0 128 82.0 0 0.0 28

Gulf War era I

Total

3,008 2,313 76.9 2,240 74.5 72 3.1 695

With service-connected disability

768 480 62.6 468 61.0 12 2.5 287

Less than 30 percent disability rating

221 152 68.8 146 66.2 6 3.7 69

30 to 50 percent disability rating

227 152 66.9 152 66.9 - - 75

60 percent or higher disability rating

257 137 53.4 131 50.9 6 4.7 120

Disability rating not reported

63 40 - 40 - - - 24

Without service-connected disability

2,150 1,750 81.4 1,690 78.6 60 3.4 400

Presence of disability not reported

91 82 90.7 82 90.7 0 0.0 8

WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era

Total

7,162 1,269 17.7 1,225 17.1 44 3.5 5,893

With service-connected disability

1,541 226 14.6 213 13.8 13 5.6 1,315

Less than 30 percent disability rating

451 87 19.2 85 18.8 2 2.2 365

30 to 50 percent disability rating

273 43 15.7 43 15.7 - - 230

60 percent or higher disability rating

660 71 10.8 62 9.4 9 - 589

Disability rating not reported

157 25 15.8 23 14.7 2 - 132

Without service-connected disability

5,458 1,037 19.0 1,006 18.4 31 3.0 4,420

Presence of disability not reported

164 7 4.0 7 4.0 0 - 157

Other service periods

Total

4,195 1,916 45.7 1,843 43.9 72 3.8 2,279

With service-connected disability

641 245 38.2 232 36.2 12 5.1 396

Less than 30 percent disability rating

265 149 56.2 143 53.8 6 4.2 116

30 to 50 percent disability rating

122 51 41.6 46 37.6 5 - 71

60 percent or higher disability rating

189 41 21.5 39 20.8 1 - 149

Disability rating not reported

64 4 - 4 - - - 60

Without service-connected disability

3,459 1,625 47.0 1,566 45.3 59 3.6 1,833

Presence of disability not reported

95 45 47.8 45 47.1 1 - 50

MEN
VETERANS

Total

16,890 7,969 47.2 7,660 45.4 309 3.9 8,921

With service-connected disability

4,181 1,996 47.7 1,894 45.3 102 5.1 2,185

Less than 30 percent disability rating

1,151 609 52.9 589 51.2 20 3.3 542

30 to 50 percent disability rating

894 505 56.5 495 55.4 10 2.0 389

60 percent or higher disability rating

1,791 741 41.4 674 37.6 67 9.0 1,050

Disability rating not reported

345 141 40.9 136 39.5 5 3.3 204

Without service-connected disability

12,250 5,742 46.9 5,535 45.2 207 3.6 6,508

Presence of disability not reported

459 231 50.3 230 50.2 1 0.3 228

Gulf War era, total

Total

6,186 5,046 81.6 4,841 78.3 205 4.1 1,140

With service-connected disability

2,103 1,549 73.6 1,471 69.9 78 5.0 555

Less than 30 percent disability rating

452 384 85.0 372 82.4 12 3.2 68

30 to 50 percent disability rating

516 418 81.0 412 79.9 6 1.4 98

60 percent or higher disability rating

995 633 63.7 576 57.9 57 9.0 361

Disability rating not reported

140 113 80.5 110 78.4 3 2.6 27

Without service-connected disability

3,876 3,318 85.6 3,191 82.3 127 3.8 558

Presence of disability not reported

206 179 86.7 179 86.7 0 0.0 27

Gulf War era II

Total

3,637 3,040 83.6 2,897 79.7 143 4.7 596

With service-connected disability

1,475 1,146 77.7 1,080 73.2 66 5.7 329

Less than 30 percent disability rating

254 243 95.8 237 93.3 6 2.7 11

30 to 50 percent disability rating

359 316 88.0 310 86.4 6 1.8 43

60 percent or higher disability rating

779 513 65.9 463 59.4 51 9.9 266

Disability rating not reported

83 73 88.0 71 84.5 3 - 10

Without service-connected disability

2,037 1,789 87.8 1,712 84.0 77 4.3 248

Presence of disability not reported

124 105 84.7 105 84.7 0 0.0 19

Gulf War era I

Total

2,549 2,005 78.7 1,943 76.2 62 3.1 544

With service-connected disability

628 403 64.1 391 62.2 12 3.0 225

Less than 30 percent disability rating

198 141 71.2 136 68.4 6 4.0 57

30 to 50 percent disability rating

157 102 64.9 102 64.9 - - 55

60 percent or higher disability rating

216 120 55.7 114 52.7 6 5.4 96

Disability rating not reported

57 40 - 40 - - - 17

Without service-connected disability

1,839 1,529 83.1 1,479 80.4 50 3.3 310

Presence of disability not reported

82 73 89.8 73 89.8 0 - 8

WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era

Total

6,915 1,223 17.7 1,187 17.2 36 2.9 5,692

With service-connected disability

1,491 221 14.8 209 14.0 12 5.5 1,270

Less than 30 percent disability rating

451 87 19.2 85 18.8 2 2.2 365

30 to 50 percent disability rating

263 43 16.3 43 16.3 - - 220

60 percent or higher disability rating

631 67 10.6 58 9.2 9 - 564

Disability rating not reported

146 25 16.9 23 15.7 2 - 121

Without service-connected disability

5,261 996 18.9 972 18.5 24 2.4 4,266

Presence of disability not reported

163 7 4.1 7 4.1 0 - 156

Other service periods

Total

3,789 1,700 44.9 1,632 43.1 69 4.0 2,089

With service-connected disability

586 226 38.6 215 36.6 12 5.2 360

Less than 30 percent disability rating

247 138 55.8 132 53.2 6 4.5 109

30 to 50 percent disability rating

114 44 38.7 40 35.0 4 - 70

60 percent or higher disability rating

165 41 24.6 39 23.8 1 - 125

Disability rating not reported

59 3 - 3 - - - 55

Without service-connected disability

3,113 1,429 45.9 1,373 44.1 56 3.9 1,684

Presence of disability not reported

90 45 50.4 45 49.6 1 - 45

WOMEN
VETERANS

Total

1,886 1,048 55.6 1,005 53.3 43 4.1 838

With service-connected disability

561 256 45.7 249 44.5 7 2.7 305

Less than 30 percent disability rating

90 58 64.9 58 64.9 - - 32

30 to 50 percent disability rating

135 85 62.8 84 62.3 1 0.7 50

60 percent or higher disability rating

301 112 37.2 106 35.1 6 5.7 189

Disability rating not reported

35 1 - 1 - - - 34

Without service-connected disability

1,280 761 59.4 725 56.6 36 4.8 519

Presence of disability not reported

45 31 - 31 - - - 15

Gulf War era, total

Total

1,233 787 63.8 755 61.2 32 4.0 446

With service-connected disability

456 233 51.2 227 49.8 6 2.6 223

Without service-connected disability

737 523 70.9 497 67.4 26 4.9 215

Presence of disability not reported

40 31 - 31 - - - 9

Gulf War era II

Total

774 479 61.9 458 59.2 21 4.4 295

With service-connected disability

317 156 49.3 150 47.4 6 3.8 161

Without service-connected disability

426 301 70.6 286 67.1 15 5.0 125

Presence of disability not reported

31 22 - 22 - - - 9

Gulf War era I

Total

459 307 67.0 297 64.7 10 3.4 152

With service-connected disability

139 77 55.5 77 55.5 - - 62

Without service-connected disability

311 221 71.2 211 67.9 10 4.7 90

Presence of disability not reported

9 9 - 9 - - - 0

WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era

Total

247 46 18.6 38 15.4 8 - 201

With service-connected disability

50 4 - 4 - 0 - 45

Without service-connected disability

196 42 21.2 34 17.2 8 - 155

Presence of disability not reported

1 0 - 0 - - - 1

Other service periods

Total

406 215 53.0 211 52.1 4 1.7 191

With service-connected disability

55 19 - 18 - 1 - 37

Without service-connected disability

346 197 56.8 194 55.9 3 1.6 149

Presence of disability not reported

5 0 - 0 - - - 5

NOTE: Veterans are men and women who served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans are counted in only one period of service, their most recent wartime period. Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified in the most recent one. Veterans who served in both a wartime period and any other service period are classified in the wartime period. A service-connected disability is a health condition or impairment caused or made worse by military service. The associated disability rating, which can range from 0 to 100 percent, is determined from a rating schedule published in the U.S. Code of Federal Regulations, "Title 38." More information appears in the Technical Note of this release. Beginning with data for August 2015, estimates from the veterans supplement reflect a change in the weighting methodology. Dash indicates no data or data that do not meet publication criteria (values not shown where base is less than 75,000).

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Last Modified Date: April 22, 2020