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Table 1. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population 16 to 24 years of age by sex, race, and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, April-July 2019

Table 1. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population 16 to 24 years of age by sex, race, and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, April-July 2019 [Numbers in thousands. Data are not seasonally adjusted.]
Employment status, sex, race, and
Hispanic or Latino ethnicity
April May June July April-July changes
Number Percent

TOTAL

Civilian noninstitutional population

37,762 37,750 37,738 37,729 -33 -0.1

Civilian labor force

20,286 20,968 22,751 23,311 3,025 14.9

Participation rate

53.7 55.5 60.3 61.8 8.1 15.1

Employed

18,786 19,177 20,639 21,196 2,410 12.8

Employment-population ratio

49.7 50.8 54.7 56.2 6.5 13.1

Unemployed

1,500 1,792 2,111 2,115 615 41.0

Looking for full-time work

936 1,280 1,502 1,447 511 54.6

Looking for part-time work

564 511 609 668 104 18.4

Unemployment rate

7.4 8.5 9.3 9.1 1.7 23.0

Not in labor force

17,476 16,781 14,988 14,417 -3,059 -17.5

Men

Civilian noninstitutional population

18,986 18,978 18,971 18,964 -22 -0.1

Civilian labor force

10,311 10,714 11,749 11,977 1,666 16.2

Participation rate

54.3 56.5 61.9 63.2 8.9 16.4

Employed

9,413 9,682 10,549 10,857 1,444 15.3

Employment-population ratio

49.6 51.0 55.6 57.3 7.7 15.5

Unemployed

899 1,032 1,200 1,120 221 24.6

Looking for full-time work

598 760 906 803 205 34.3

Looking for part-time work

301 272 295 317 16 5.3

Unemployment rate

8.7 9.6 10.2 9.4 0.7 8.0

Not in labor force

8,675 8,264 7,221 6,987 -1,688 -19.5

Women

Civilian noninstitutional population

18,776 18,772 18,768 18,765 -11 -0.1

Civilian labor force

9,974 10,254 11,001 11,334 1,360 13.6

Participation rate

53.1 54.6 58.6 60.4 7.3 13.7

Employed

9,374 9,494 10,090 10,339 965 10.3

Employment-population ratio

49.9 50.6 53.8 55.1 5.2 10.4

Unemployed

601 760 911 995 394 65.6

Looking for full-time work

338 520 597 645 307 90.8

Looking for part-time work

263 240 314 350 87 33.1

Unemployment rate

6.0 7.4 8.3 8.8 2.8 46.7

Not in labor force

8,801 8,517 7,766 7,430 -1,371 -15.6

White

Civilian noninstitutional population

27,694 27,681 27,669 27,658 -36 -0.1

Civilian labor force

15,385 15,882 17,308 17,716 2,331 15.2

Participation rate

55.6 57.4 62.6 64.1 8.5 15.3

Employed

14,416 14,686 15,889 16,295 1,879 13.0

Employment-population ratio

52.1 53.1 57.4 58.9 6.8 13.1

Unemployed

969 1,196 1,419 1,421 452 46.6

Looking for full-time work

606 804 942 938 332 54.8

Looking for part-time work

363 392 478 483 120 33.1

Unemployment rate

6.3 7.5 8.2 8.0 1.7 27.0

Not in labor force

12,309 11,799 10,361 9,942 -2,367 -19.2

Black or African American

Civilian noninstitutional population

5,579 5,573 5,567 5,561 -18 -0.3

Civilian labor force

2,838 2,888 3,093 3,243 405 14.3

Participation rate

50.9 51.8 55.6 58.3 7.4 14.5

Employed

2,460 2,466 2,633 2,771 311 12.6

Employment-population ratio

44.1 44.3 47.3 49.8 5.7 12.9

Unemployed

377 422 460 472 95 25.2

Looking for full-time work

228 353 383 374 146 64.0

Looking for part-time work

149 69 78 98 -51 -34.2

Unemployment rate

13.3 14.6 14.9 14.6 1.3 9.8

Not in labor force

2,741 2,685 2,474 2,318 -423 -15.4

Asian

Civilian noninstitutional population

2,331 2,353 2,389 2,387 56 2.4

Civilian labor force

866 893 1,017 1,065 199 23.0

Participation rate

37.1 38.0 42.6 44.6 7.5 20.2

Employed

834 845 967 978 144 17.3

Employment-population ratio

35.8 35.9 40.5 41.0 5.2 14.5

Unemployed

31 48 50 87 56 180.6

Looking for full-time work

17 25 25 37 20 117.6

Looking for part-time work

15 23 25 50 35 233.3

Unemployment rate

3.6 5.4 4.9 8.2 4.6 127.8

Not in labor force

1,465 1,460 1,371 1,322 -143 -9.8

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

Civilian noninstitutional population

8,722 8,731 8,740 8,750 28 0.3

Civilian labor force

4,472 4,606 4,914 5,059 587 13.1

Participation rate

51.3 52.8 56.2 57.8 6.5 12.7

Employed

4,162 4,247 4,435 4,485 323 7.8

Employment-population ratio

47.7 48.6 50.7 51.3 3.6 7.5

Unemployed

310 358 479 574 264 85.2

Looking for full-time work

211 239 328 384 173 82.0

Looking for part-time work

99 119 151 190 91 91.9

Unemployment rate

6.9 7.8 9.7 11.3 4.4 63.8

Not in labor force

4,249 4,125 3,826 3,691 -558 -13.1

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

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Last Modified Date: August 16, 2019