Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Economic News Release
PRINT:Print
CPS CPS Program Links

Table 2. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population 16 to 24 years of age by sex, race, and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, July 2018-2021

Table 2. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population 16 to 24 years of age by sex, race, and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, July 2018-2021 [Numbers in thousands. Data are not seasonally adjusted.]
Employment status, sex, race, and
Hispanic or Latino ethnicity
July
2018
July
2019
July
2020
July
2021

TOTAL

Civilian noninstitutional population

37,997 37,729 37,472 37,250

Civilian labor force

23,016 23,311 21,479 22,522

Participation rate

60.6 61.8 57.3 60.5

Employed

20,897 21,196 17,507 20,268

Employment-population ratio

55.0 56.2 46.7 54.4

Unemployed

2,119 2,115 3,973 2,254

Looking for full-time work

1,458 1,447 2,651 1,697

Looking for part-time work

660 668 1,321 557

Unemployment rate

9.2 9.1 18.5 10.0

Not in labor force

14,981 14,417 15,993 14,728

Men

Civilian noninstitutional population

19,128 18,964 18,813 18,692

Civilian labor force

11,695 11,977 10,990 11,547

Participation rate

61.1 63.2 58.4 61.8

Employed

10,550 10,857 8,966 10,294

Employment-population ratio

55.2 57.3 47.7 55.1

Unemployed

1,145 1,120 2,024 1,253

Looking for full-time work

828 803 1,388 976

Looking for part-time work

317 317 636 277

Unemployment rate

9.8 9.4 18.4 10.9

Not in labor force

7,433 6,987 7,823 7,145

Women

Civilian noninstitutional population

18,869 18,765 18,659 18,559

Civilian labor force

11,321 11,334 10,489 10,976

Participation rate

60.0 60.4 56.2 59.1

Employed

10,347 10,339 8,541 9,975

Employment-population ratio

54.8 55.1 45.8 53.7

Unemployed

974 995 1,949 1,001

Looking for full-time work

630 645 1,263 721

Looking for part-time work

344 350 686 280

Unemployment rate

8.6 8.8 18.6 9.1

Not in labor force

7,548 7,430 8,170 7,583

White

Civilian noninstitutional population

27,866 27,658 27,474 27,333

Civilian labor force

17,509 17,716 16,322 17,168

Participation rate

62.8 64.1 59.4 62.8

Employed

16,174 16,295 13,595 15,635

Employment-population ratio

58.0 58.9 49.5 57.2

Unemployed

1,335 1,421 2,727 1,533

Looking for full-time work

863 938 1,819 1,170

Looking for part-time work

471 483 908 363

Unemployment rate

7.6 8.0 16.7 8.9

Not in labor force

10,357 9,942 11,152 10,165

Black or African American

Civilian noninstitutional population

5,668 5,561 5,494 5,452

Civilian labor force

3,203 3,243 2,884 3,004

Participation rate

56.5 58.3 52.5 55.1

Employed

2,675 2,771 2,151 2,594

Employment-population ratio

47.2 49.8 39.2 47.6

Unemployed

528 472 733 410

Looking for full-time work

438 374 537 325

Looking for part-time work

90 98 196 85

Unemployment rate

16.5 14.6 25.4 13.6

Not in labor force

2,465 2,318 2,610 2,448

Asian

Civilian noninstitutional population

2,302 2,387 2,234 2,186

Civilian labor force

997 1,065 958 976

Participation rate

43.3 44.6 42.9 44.6

Employed

913 978 715 856

Employment-population ratio

39.7 41.0 32.0 39.1

Unemployed

84 87 243 120

Looking for full-time work

59 37 138 70

Looking for part-time work

25 50 106 50

Unemployment rate

8.4 8.2 25.4 12.3

Not in labor force

1,305 1,322 1,277 1,210

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

Civilian noninstitutional population

8,687 8,750 8,810 8,880

Civilian labor force

5,035 5,059 4,789 5,044

Participation rate

58.0 57.8 54.4 56.8

Employed

4,492 4,485 3,752 4,456

Employment-population ratio

51.7 51.3 42.6 50.2

Unemployed

543 574 1,037 588

Looking for full-time work

362 384 726 472

Looking for part-time work

181 190 311 116

Unemployment rate

10.8 11.3 21.7 11.7

Not in labor force

3,652 3,691 4,021 3,836

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

Table of Contents

Last Modified Date: August 18, 2021