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Bureau of Labor Statistics > Price and Index Number Research > Price research data > Research Poverty Thresholds

2017 and 2018 Supplemental Poverty Measure Thresholds Changes After CE Reprocessing

Reprocessing of the Consumer Expenditure Interview Survey data after the publication date of the 2017 and 2018 SPM thresholds created changes in the distribution of food, clothing, shelter, and utilities (FCSU) expenditures. The 2018 thresholds changed by $1 or less and thus the reprocessed 2018 thresholds are not presented below. However, reprocessing led to greater differences in the 2017 thresholds. The resulting 2017 thresholds from this reprocessing are displayed below alongside those previously published in August 2018. Reprocessed and published thresholds are statistically significantly different at the 5 percent level. SPM thresholds for Owners with mortgages increased by $2, Owners without mortgage increased by $24, and Renters decreased by $18. Published thresholds will remain as they are, but individuals attempting to recreate the 2017 thresholds will only be able to reproduce the reprocessed results.

 
BLS Supplemental Poverty Measure (SPM) with FCSU
Thresholds1 2017 Reprocessed 2017 Published

SPM Owners with mortgages

$27,087 $27,085

Standard error

$267 $276

SPM Owners without mortgages

$23,285 $23,261

Standard error

$473 $471

SPM Renters

$26,987 $27,005

Standard error

$258 $263
Expenditure Shares of SPM Thresholds1

SPM Owners with mortgages

Food

0.294 0.294

Clothing

0.041 0.041

Shelter

0.334 0.334

Utilities

0.167 0.167

Other

0.164 0.164

SPM Owners without mortgages

Food

0.342 0.343

Clothing

0.047 0.048

Shelter

0.194 0.194

Utilities

0.227 0.225

Other

0.190 0.191

SPM Renters

Food

0.295 0.295

Clothing

0.041 0.041

Shelter

0.365 0.365

Utilities

0.135 0.135

Other

0.164 0.164

1Based on out-of-pocket expenditures for food, clothing, shelter and utilities (FCSU) including repayment of mortgage principal for owned occupied housing.

 
National Academy of Sciences (NAS) with FCSU and FCSUM
Thresholds1 2017 Reprocessed 2017 Published

FCSU-CE1

$28,054 $28,059

FCSU2

$30,177 $30,189

FCSUM-CE1

$32,456 $32,474

FCSUM2

$34,388 $34,429
Medical shares of NAS thresholds

FCSUM-CE1

0.102 0.102

FCSUM2

0.095 0.095

1Based on out-of-pocket expenditures for food, clothing, utilities (FCU) and CE publication definition for shelter (S); thus repayments of mortgage principal are not included. Medical care expenditures included in thresholds identified as FCSUM.

2Based on out-of-pocket expenditures for FCSU and FCSUM including repayment of mortgage principal.

Source: The thresholds, shares, and means were produced by Juan D. Munoz under the guidance of Thesia I. Garner. Munoz and Garner work in the Division of Price and Index Number Research, BLS. These thresholds and statistics are produced for research purposes only using the U.S. Consumer Expenditure Interview Survey. The thresholds are not BLS production quality. For methodological details and related research regarding the SPM thresholds, see <https://stats.bls.gov/pir/spmhome.htm>. 

Last Modified Date: September 9, 2020