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Bureau of Labor Statistics > Price and Index Number Research > Price research data > Research Poverty Thresholds

2018-2019 Supplemental Poverty Measure Thresholds Based on Consumer Expenditure Survey Data

 Official and Research Experimental Supplemental Poverty Measure (SPM) Thresholds for Two Adults with Two Children, 2018–2019
Measure 2018 2019


$25,465 $25,926

SPM Owners with mortgages

$28,344 $29,234

SPM Owners without mortgages

$24,174 $24,980

SPM Renters

$28,168 $28,881

NOTE: Research Experimental SPM thresholds are produced in the Division of Price and Index Number Research (DPINR), U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). These are computed using out-of-pocket expenditures for food, clothing, shelter, and utilities (FCSU), and a multiplier for other basic goods and services such as household supplies, personal care, and non-work-related transportation expenditures. Owner shelter expenditures include those for mortgage principal payments.

Source: The thresholds, shares, and means were produced by Juan D. Munoz under the guidance of Thesia I. Garner. Munoz and Garner work in the Division of Price and Index Number Research, BLS. These thresholds and statistics are produced for research purposes only using the U.S. Consumer Expenditure Interview Survey. The thresholds are not BLS production quality. For methodological details and related research regarding the SPM thresholds, see <>.

The 2019 SPM threshold statistics are final as of September 9, 2020.


Last Modified Date: September 9, 2020