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News Release Information

14-498-KAN
Monday, March 24, 2014

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (816) 285-7000

Business Employment Dynamics in Missouri – June 2013

From March 2013 to June 2013, gross job gains in private sector establishments in Missouri totaled 131,513, while gross job losses numbered 119,004, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Stanley W. Suchman noted that gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 12,509.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. Business Employment Dynamics (BED) statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses is the net change in employment. (See the Technical Note for more information.)

Missouri’s gross job gains have remained above 130,000 in 5 of the last 7 quarters. Gross job losses declined for the fourth consecutive quarter, down 3,167 in the three months ended in June 2013. (See chart 1.) In the second quarter of 2013, the 119,004 gross job losses in Missouri was the second lowest level recorded since 1992 when data were first published.

Gross job gains represented 5.9 percent of private sector employment in Missouri in the quarter ended June 2013, while nationally gross job gains accounted for 6.4 percent of private sector employment. (See chart 2.) With few exceptions, the rate of gross job gains in Missouri has been below or equal to the U.S. rate since 1992.

During the second quarter 2013, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses in eight industry sectors in Missouri. For example, within retail trade, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 3,992. While 13,723 jobs were lost in closing and contracting establishments in the industry, 17,715 jobs were created by opening and expanding establishments in the 3 months ended in June 2013. In construction, nearly 13,500 jobs were created in opening and expanding establishments and about 10,100 jobs were lost in closing and contracting establishments. (See table 1.)

In contrast, gross job losses exceeded gross job gains in three industry sectors during the second quarter of 2013. Within education and health services, gross job losses exceeded gross job gains by 1,563. Among the two other sectors—other services and information—gross job losses exceeded gross job gains by less than 500.

For More Information

BED data for the states have been included in table 2 of this release. For more information on the Business Employment Dynamics data, visit the BED web site at www.bls.gov/bdm/.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 800-877-8339.

Administrative Change Affecting Business Employment Dynamics (BED) Data

First quarter 2013 data were affected by an administrative change to the count of establishments in the education and health services industry. A review of these data revealed that certain establishments that provide non-medical, home-based services for the elderly and persons with disabilities had been misclassified in the private households industry (NAICS 814110), which is out of scope for the BED. These establishments are now in scope and are classified in services for the elderly and persons with disabilities (NAICS 624120.) This non-economic industry code change artificially inflated the first quarter 2013 data for gross job gains, openings, births, and the net employment change for the following data series: national total private, state total private, the education and health services sector, firm size class, annual, and age and survival. As a result, data for first quarter 2013 are not comparable to data from other quarters.


Technical Note

The Business Employment Dynamics (BED) data are a product of a federal-state cooperative program known as Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW), or the ES-202 program. The BED data are compiled from existing quarterly QCEW  records. The QCEW reports are sent by the State Employment Security Agencies (SESAs) to BLS and form the basis of the Bureau’s QCEW program and establishment universe sampling frame. These reports are also used to produce the QCEW data on total employment and wages. Other important Bureau uses of the QCEW reports are in the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program. The CES program produces monthly estimates of employment, net changes, and earnings by detailed industry.

In the BED program, the QCEW records are linked across quarters to provide a longitudinal history for each establishment. The linkage process allows the tracking of net employment changes at the establishment level, which in turn allows the estimation of jobs gained at opening and expanding establishments and jobs lost at closing and contracting establishments.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. BED statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross jobs gained and the number of gross jobs lost is the net change in employment.

Gross job gains and gross job losses are expressed as rates by dividing their levels by the average of employment in the current and previous quarters. The rates are calculated for the components of gross job gains and gross job losses and then summed to form their respective totals. These rates can be added and subtracted just as their levels can. For instance, the difference between the gross job gains rate and the gross job losses rate is the net growth rate.

Table 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses by industry, Missouri, seasonally adjusted
CategoryGross job gains and job lossesGross job gains and job losses as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)(3 months ended)
Jun.Sep.Dec.Mar.Jun.Jun.Sep.Dec.Mar.Jun.
2012201220122013201320122012201220132013

Total private (1)

 

Gross job gains

133,660127,233138,250142,864131,5136.15.96.46.55.9

  At expanding establishments

109,640103,617113,061107,813111,4975.04.85.24.95.0

  At opening establishments

24,02023,61625,18935,05120,0161.11.11.21.60.9

Gross job losses

134,163128,691122,509122,171119,0046.15.95.65.55.4

  At contracting establishments

107,186109,114102,845102,06699,7174.95.04.74.64.5

  At closing establishments

26,97719,57719,66420,10519,2871.20.90.90.90.9

Net employment change (2)

-503-1,45815,74120,69312,5090.00.00.81.00.5
 

Construction

 

Gross job gains

12,00511,90512,20411,18213,49811.411.311.610.612.6

  At expanding establishments

9,6649,4739,8059,32011,5739.29.09.38.810.8

  At opening establishments

2,3412,4322,3991,8621,9252.22.32.31.81.8

Gross job losses

12,31211,75211,23612,19810,10311.711.210.611.69.4

  At contracting establishments

9,46910,0079,2309,6948,5669.09.58.79.28.0

  At closing establishments

2,8431,7452,0062,5041,5372.71.71.92.41.4

Net employment change (2)

-307153968-1,0163,395-0.30.11.0-1.03.2
 

Manufacturing

 

Gross job gains

8,9067,3247,73410,0978,2563.52.93.24.03.3

  At expanding establishments

8,0636,7667,0698,9957,7853.22.72.93.63.1

  At opening establishments

8435586651,1024710.30.20.30.40.2

Gross job losses

8,7298,5099,9627,8636,7693.43.44.03.12.7

  At contracting establishments

7,6097,4878,9607,0876,2083.03.03.62.82.5

  At closing establishments

1,1201,0221,0027765610.40.40.40.30.2

Net employment change (2)

177-1,185-2,2282,2341,4870.1-0.5-0.80.90.6
 

Wholesale trade

 

Gross job gains

6,3665,7605,7125,9966,5045.44.94.85.05.5

  At expanding establishments

5,2624,5724,7134,8815,2244.53.94.04.14.4

  At opening establishments

1,1041,1889991,1151,2800.91.00.80.91.1

Gross job losses

5,7665,7236,1605,7345,1794.94.85.24.94.4

  At contracting establishments

4,4284,6274,6484,4174,2413.83.93.93.83.6

  At closing establishments

1,3381,0961,5121,3179381.10.91.31.10.8

Net employment change (2)

60037-4482621,3250.50.1-0.40.11.1
 

Retail trade

 

Gross job gains

17,52116,85117,83515,24917,7155.85.65.85.05.9

  At expanding establishments

15,16314,25815,61013,36015,7115.04.75.14.45.2

  At opening establishments

2,3582,5932,2251,8892,0040.80.90.70.60.7

Gross job losses

16,25217,64116,83418,17913,7235.35.85.66.14.5

  At contracting establishments

14,09416,01314,80416,16712,4414.65.34.95.44.1

  At closing establishments

2,1581,6282,0302,0121,2820.70.50.70.70.4

Net employment change (2)

1,269-7901,001-2,9303,9920.5-0.20.2-1.11.4
 

Transportation and warehousing

 

Gross job gains

4,6574,5415,2683,7734,6015.85.66.54.55.5

  At expanding establishments

4,1113,6204,4053,2803,9385.14.55.43.94.7

  At opening establishments

5469218634936630.71.11.10.60.8

Gross job losses

4,6354,2764,0384,6954,0305.85.35.05.74.8

  At contracting establishments

3,5313,6413,3274,0443,4104.44.54.14.94.1

  At closing establishments

1,1046357116516201.40.80.90.80.7

Net employment change (2)

222651,230-9225710.00.31.5-1.20.7
 

Information

 

Gross job gains

1,8572,2112,2751,8372,2763.44.24.43.54.3

  At expanding establishments

1,7301,8331,9241,4632,0103.23.53.72.83.8

  At opening establishments

1273783513742660.20.70.70.70.5

Gross job losses

4,7542,0243,0641,3822,3118.83.95.82.74.4

  At contracting establishments

4,3071,7262,5821,1401,8218.03.34.92.23.5

  At closing establishments

4472984822424900.80.60.90.50.9

Net employment change (2)

-2,897187-789455-35-5.40.3-1.40.8-0.1
 

Financial activities

 

Gross job gains

6,9017,6248,0757,7487,0404.44.85.24.94.5

  At expanding establishments

5,4545,9966,4126,4765,9543.53.84.14.13.8

  At opening establishments

1,4471,6281,6631,2721,0860.91.01.10.80.7

Gross job losses

7,4426,0807,0157,1746,7664.83.94.54.64.4

  At contracting establishments

5,4944,8135,4585,6705,0633.53.13.53.63.3

  At closing establishments

1,9481,2671,5571,5041,7031.30.81.01.01.1

Net employment change (2)

-5411,5441,060574274-0.40.90.70.30.1
 

Professional and business services

 

Gross job gains

26,59423,69626,22723,00423,9588.07.07.76.77.0

  At expanding establishments

21,66518,86721,46218,73919,8656.55.66.35.55.8

  At opening establishments

4,9294,8294,7654,2654,0931.51.41.41.21.2

Gross job losses

23,73524,35121,24322,31121,2757.07.26.26.56.2

  At contracting establishments

17,90220,21917,38617,91017,4325.36.05.15.25.1

  At closing establishments

5,8334,1323,8574,4013,8431.71.21.11.31.1

Net employment change (2)

2,859-6554,9846932,6831.0-0.21.50.20.8
 

Education and health services

 

Gross job gains

15,76216,52016,36630,51716,1663.94.24.17.53.9

  At expanding establishments

13,26214,14313,58813,82213,1783.33.63.43.43.2

  At opening establishments

2,5002,3772,77816,6952,9880.60.60.74.10.7

Gross job losses

17,08614,04913,22114,85717,7294.33.63.33.64.3

  At contracting establishments

14,26711,79511,58412,81814,3963.63.02.93.13.5

  At closing establishments

2,8192,2541,6372,0393,3330.70.60.40.50.8

Net employment change (2)

-1,3242,4713,14515,660-1,563-0.40.60.83.9-0.4
 

Leisure and hospitality

 

Gross job gains

26,14023,63029,87526,56424,6769.58.710.89.48.8

  At expanding establishments

19,57718,23422,84521,71520,4677.16.78.37.77.3

  At opening establishments

6,5635,3967,0304,8494,2092.42.02.51.71.5

Gross job losses

26,66627,39723,00121,42224,5239.610.08.47.68.7

  At contracting establishments

20,74923,09919,20117,90820,5067.58.47.06.47.3

  At closing establishments

5,9174,2983,8003,5144,0172.11.61.41.21.4

Net employment change (2)

-526-3,7676,8745,142153-0.1-1.32.41.80.1
 

Other services (3)

 

Gross job gains

5,0495,1904,7425,4564,8277.27.46.87.76.9

  At expanding establishments

4,0464,2523,7014,5074,0025.86.15.36.45.7

  At opening establishments

1,0039381,0419498251.41.31.51.31.2

Gross job losses

5,0545,2034,8174,4775,2377.27.56.96.47.5

  At contracting establishments

3,8394,1813,9283,5654,4165.56.05.65.16.3

  At closing establishments

1,2151,0228899128211.71.51.31.31.2

Net employment change (2)

-5-13-75979-4100.0-0.1-0.11.3-0.6

Footnotes:
(1) Includes unclassified sector not shown separately.
(2) The net employment change is the difference between total gross job gains and total gross job losses. See the Technical Note for further information.
(3) Except public administration
 

Table 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of total employment by state, seasonally adjusted
StateGross job gains as a percent of employment (3 months ended)Gross job losses as a percent of employment (3 months ended)
June 2012Sep. 2012Dec. 2012Mar. 2013June 2013June 2012Sep. 2012Dec. 2012Mar. 2013June 2013

United States(1)

6.46.26.46.46.45.96.05.85.65.8
 

Alabama

5.95.75.86.05.95.65.75.55.45.5

Alaska

11.19.09.810.710.69.410.310.19.610.0

Arizona

6.36.76.96.26.26.15.75.85.96.1

Arkansas

5.55.56.05.75.25.76.15.35.55.8

California

7.26.87.49.07.06.36.46.25.96.4

Colorado

7.36.97.17.17.16.36.56.26.26.1

Connecticut

5.55.25.45.15.64.95.45.15.24.8

Delaware

6.46.26.86.56.56.46.25.75.95.8

District of Columbia

5.85.86.85.76.15.36.15.55.45.6

Florida

6.97.37.16.77.16.36.76.36.06.3
 

Georgia

6.66.46.86.66.66.16.25.95.76.2

Hawaii

5.75.65.45.15.25.04.74.34.85.2

Idaho

8.08.27.98.18.07.57.07.27.27.5

Illinois

5.55.55.35.55.85.05.45.25.55.3

Indiana

5.85.75.95.65.75.55.55.45.35.3

Iowa

5.85.75.75.86.05.25.65.55.45.4

Kansas

6.05.66.35.66.25.76.15.45.55.5

Kentucky

6.15.76.55.85.85.55.95.55.85.6

Louisiana

6.76.67.06.76.26.96.75.96.16.3

Maine

7.96.77.06.78.16.97.37.57.06.4
 

Maryland

6.36.36.46.36.26.06.36.35.86.1

Massachusetts

5.95.35.46.26.14.95.65.34.95.0

Michigan

6.16.26.06.06.35.75.95.45.05.8

Minnesota

6.16.05.96.06.15.45.65.75.25.2

Mississippi

5.96.46.85.95.86.56.26.15.56.0

Missouri

6.15.96.46.55.96.15.95.65.55.4

Montana

8.37.98.38.18.07.67.37.87.47.7

Nebraska

5.75.65.96.06.05.25.55.25.45.7

Nevada

6.45.96.06.36.65.45.75.75.45.5

New Hampshire

7.16.46.56.36.86.46.96.46.15.9
 

New Jersey

6.56.26.46.36.65.96.36.25.85.6

New Mexico

6.76.47.46.26.76.96.66.26.56.8

New York

6.56.36.46.36.46.06.26.15.95.8

North Carolina

6.46.36.56.06.36.16.05.95.75.8

North Dakota

7.98.38.38.37.26.57.26.86.67.9

Ohio

5.85.66.15.96.25.35.75.55.65.3

Oklahoma

6.36.16.76.06.15.66.05.66.05.7

Oregon

6.97.17.07.27.16.66.46.66.16.2

Pennsylvania

5.45.45.55.55.35.55.45.15.35.2

Rhode Island

6.46.06.36.16.55.96.36.05.85.7
 

South Carolina

6.15.86.65.86.35.95.95.45.65.5

South Dakota

6.76.46.36.36.56.36.26.26.25.8

Tennessee

6.05.66.15.45.55.65.55.15.15.4

Texas

6.25.96.15.95.85.25.25.05.15.0

Utah

7.26.97.37.37.06.16.16.16.36.5

Vermont

7.47.07.67.07.37.17.07.16.77.8

Virginia

5.86.46.05.75.65.86.15.65.55.6

Washington

7.47.07.18.67.36.46.66.56.26.1

West Virginia

6.36.46.46.36.17.16.86.56.16.6

Wisconsin

5.85.45.75.45.85.25.55.35.25.4
 

Wyoming

8.28.69.58.78.59.08.78.48.59.0

Puerto Rico

6.86.26.85.65.95.66.35.96.46.2

Virgin Islands

6.25.37.05.65.013.97.75.66.56.5

Footnotes:
(1) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.
 

 

Last Modified Date: Monday, March 24, 2014