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News Release Information

14-2283-KAN
Thursday, December 18, 2014

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (816) 285-7000

Business Employment Dynamics in Missouri – First Quarter 2014

From December 2013 to March 2014, gross job gains in private sector establishments in Missouri totaled 124,363, while gross job losses numbered 123,281, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 1,082. Regional Commissioner Stanley W. Suchman noted that during the previous quarter, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 9,505.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. Business Employment Dynamics (BED) statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses is the net change in employment. (See the Technical Note for more information.)

The number of gross job gains in Missouri declined by 9,043 from December 2013 to March 2014. Even with the decrease, this was the sixth consecutive quarter in which gross job gains have exceeded gross job losses in Missouri. Gross job losses declined by 620 in the three months ended in March 2014. (See chart 1.)

Gross job gains represented 5.6 percent of private sector employment in Missouri in the quarter ended March 2014, while nationally gross job gains accounted for 6.0 percent of private sector employment. (See chart 2.) With few exceptions, the rate of gross job gains in Missouri has been below or equal to the U.S. rate since 1992.

During the first quarter 2014, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses in five industry sectors in Missouri. For example, within leisure and hospitality, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 3,567. While 25,068 jobs were created by opening and expanding establishments, 21,501 jobs were lost in closing and contracting establishments in the industry in the 3 months ended in March 2014. In construction, 12,641 jobs were created in opening and expanding establishments and 10,599 jobs were lost in closing and contracting establishments. (See table 1.)

In contrast, gross job losses exceeded gross job gains in six industry sectors during the first quarter of 2014. Within professional and business services, gross job losses exceeded gross job gains by 3,011. In financial activities, 6,700 jobs were lost in contracting and closing establishments, offsetting the 5,691 jobs created in opening and expanding establishments. In the four other sectors, gross job losses exceeded gross job gains by less than 1,000.

For More Information

BED data for the states have been included in table 2 of this release. For more information on the Business Employment Dynamics data, visit the BED web site at www.bls.gov/bdm/.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 800-877-8339.

The Business Employment Dynamics for Second Quarter 2014 are scheduled to be released on Wednesday, January 28, 2015 at 10:00 a.m. (EST).

Changes to Business Employment Dynamics (BED) Data

Data in this release incorporate annual revisions to the BED series. Annual revisions are published each year with the release of first quarter data. These revisions cover the last four quarters of not seasonally adjusted data and five years of seasonally adjusted data.


Technical Note

The Business Employment Dynamics (BED) data are a product of a federal-state cooperative program known as Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW), or the ES-202 program. The BED data are compiled from existing quarterly QCEW  records. The QCEW reports are sent by the State Employment Security Agencies (SESAs) to BLS and form the basis of the Bureau’s QCEW program and establishment universe sampling frame. These reports are also used to produce the QCEW data on total employment and wages. Other important Bureau uses of the QCEW reports are in the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program. The CES program produces monthly estimates of employment, net changes, and earnings by detailed industry.

In the BED program, the QCEW records are linked across quarters to provide a longitudinal history for each establishment. The linkage process allows the tracking of net employment changes at the establishment level, which in turn allows the estimation of jobs gained at opening and expanding establishments and jobs lost at closing and contracting establishments.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. BED statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross jobs gained and the number of gross jobs lost is the net change in employment.

Gross job gains and gross job losses are expressed as rates by dividing their levels by the average of employment in the current and previous quarters. The rates are calculated for the components of gross job gains and gross job losses and then summed to form their respective totals. These rates can be added and subtracted just as their levels can. For instance, the difference between the gross job gains rate and the gross job losses rate is the net growth rate.

The formal definitions of employment changes are as follows:

Openings.  These are either establishments with positive third month employment for the first time in the current quarter, with no links to the prior quarter, or with positive third month employment in the current quarter following zero employment in the previous quarter.

Expansions.  These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net increase in employment over this period.

Closings.  These are either establishments with positive third month employment in the previous quarter, with no employment or zero employment reported in the current quarter.

Contractions.  These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net decrease in employment over this period.

Table 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses by industry, Missouri, seasonally adjusted
CategoryGross job gains and job losses (3 months ended)Gross job gains and job losses as a percent of employment (3 months ended)
Mar. 2013June 2013Sept. 2013Dec. 2013Mar. 2014Mar. 2013June 2013Sept. 2013Dec. 2013Mar. 2014

Total private (1)

 

Gross job gains

143,382131,898128,987133,406124,3636.55.95.86.05.6

  At expanding establishments

108,443111,537106,123110,411102,7794.95.04.85.04.6

  At opening establishments

34,93920,36122,86422,99521,5841.60.91.01.01.0

Gross job losses

123,038118,164125,906123,901123,2815.65.35.75.55.5

  At contracting establishments

103,14599,837106,525103,570103,8574.74.54.84.64.6

  At closing establishments

19,89318,32719,38120,33119,4240.90.80.90.90.9

Net employment change (2)

20,34413,7343,0819,5051,0820.90.60.10.50.1
 

Construction

 

Gross job gains

11,21413,52313,02111,75912,64110.612.712.010.811.5

  At expanding establishments

9,28711,60610,2349,78910,5528.810.99.49.09.6

  At opening establishments

1,9271,9172,7871,9702,0891.81.82.61.81.9

Gross job losses

12,24710,12611,63312,89710,59911.69.510.611.89.7

  At contracting establishments

9,7188,57110,07010,6618,7309.28.09.29.88.0

  At closing establishments

2,5291,5551,5632,2361,8692.41.51.42.01.7

Net employment change (2)

-1,0333,3971,388-1,1382,042-1.03.21.4-1.01.8
 

Manufacturing

 

Gross job gains

9,9688,3487,6578,8487,4633.93.33.03.53.0

  At expanding establishments

9,1497,7807,1488,3296,7723.63.12.83.32.7

  At opening establishments

8195685095196910.30.20.20.20.3

Gross job losses

7,8566,8037,9448,2897,3263.12.73.13.22.9

  At contracting establishments

7,0846,2307,2037,7116,8282.82.52.83.02.7

  At closing establishments

7725737415784980.30.20.30.20.2

Net employment change (2)

2,1121,545-2875591370.80.6-0.10.30.1
 

Wholesale trade

 

Gross job gains

5,9776,5815,7095,9255,5465.15.64.85.04.7

  At expanding establishments

4,8275,2184,4744,8924,3934.14.43.84.13.7

  At opening establishments

1,1501,3631,2351,0331,1531.01.21.00.91.0

Gross job losses

5,8055,1805,4475,0255,3784.94.44.64.24.5

  At contracting establishments

4,5134,2554,3534,1114,2303.83.63.73.43.5

  At closing establishments

1,2929251,0949141,1481.10.80.90.81.0

Net employment change (2)

1721,4012629001680.21.20.20.80.2
 

Retail trade

 

Gross job gains

16,02117,81916,27217,80616,2825.45.95.45.95.3

  At expanding establishments

13,99515,81814,20115,42314,0994.75.24.75.14.6

  At opening establishments

2,0262,0012,0712,3832,1830.70.70.70.80.7

Gross job losses

18,34213,61117,41115,61916,6336.14.45.75.25.5

  At contracting establishments

16,30412,25015,64413,92414,9185.44.05.14.64.9

  At closing establishments

2,0381,3611,7671,6951,7150.70.40.60.60.6

Net employment change (2)

-2,3214,208-1,1392,187-351-0.71.5-0.30.7-0.2
 

Transportation and warehousing

 

Gross job gains

3,8204,6285,1675,5544,2194.65.66.26.65.0

  At expanding establishments

3,3383,9674,6764,9563,3054.04.85.65.93.9

  At opening establishments

4826614915989140.60.80.60.71.1

Gross job losses

4,6304,1264,4463,8895,1515.65.05.34.66.0

  At contracting establishments

4,0013,4633,6283,2714,4414.84.24.33.95.2

  At closing establishments

6296638186187100.80.81.00.70.8

Net employment change (2)

-8105027211,665-932-1.00.60.92.0-1.0
 

Information

 

Gross job gains

176922621833227419063.44.33.54.33.7

  At expanding establishments

146919941503194014622.83.82.93.72.8

  At opening establishments

3002683303344440.60.50.60.60.9

Gross job losses

136924262042200519912.64.63.93.83.9

  At contracting establishments

111418291745178517002.13.53.33.43.3

  At closing establishments

2555972972202910.51.10.60.40.6

Net employment change (2)

400-164-209269-850.8-0.3-0.40.5-0.2
 

Financial activities

 

Gross job gains

7,8276,9516,3316,6005,6915.04.54.14.23.7

  At expanding establishments

6,5295,8604,9555,3214,5214.23.83.23.42.9

  At opening establishments

1,2981,0911,3761,2791,1700.80.70.90.80.8

Gross job losses

7,2886,6556,2846,9446,7004.74.34.04.44.3

  At contracting establishments

5,7765,0765,1975,4695,3343.73.33.33.53.4

  At closing establishments

1,5121,5791,0871,4751,3661.01.00.70.90.9

Net employment change (2)

53929647-344-1,0090.30.20.1-0.2-0.6
 

Professional and business services

 

Gross job gains

23,18124,19423,95226,84221,5186.77.06.97.76.0

  At expanding establishments

18,90919,89019,65721,35517,5305.55.85.76.14.9

  At opening establishments

4,2724,3044,2955,4873,9881.21.21.21.61.1

Gross job losses

22,25821,35622,68721,89924,5296.56.26.56.26.9

  At contracting establishments

17,85817,49218,46017,37520,5845.25.15.34.95.8

  At closing establishments

4,4003,8644,2274,5243,9451.31.11.21.31.1

Net employment change (2)

9232,8381,2654,943-3,0110.20.80.41.5-0.9
 

Education and health services

 

Gross job gains

30,69716,14117,94718,06317,6897.43.94.34.34.2

  At expanding establishments

14,06913,22314,48614,24813,7413.43.23.53.43.3

  At opening establishments

16,6282,9183,4613,8153,9484.00.70.80.90.9

Gross job losses

15,07017,73016,38416,58217,7553.74.23.94.04.2

  At contracting establishments

13,09214,36412,94113,00414,4023.23.43.13.13.4

  At closing establishments

1,9783,3663,4433,5783,3530.50.80.80.90.8

Net employment change (2)

15,627-1,5891,5631,481-663.7-0.30.40.30.0
 

Leisure and hospitality

 

Gross job gains

26,03624,61524,93023,53525,0689.38.78.88.38.8

  At expanding establishments

21,07820,38019,74618,95721,0537.57.27.06.77.4

  At opening establishments

4,9584,2355,1844,5784,0151.81.51.81.61.4

Gross job losses

21,75023,54925,07623,79221,5017.88.39.08.57.6

  At contracting establishments

18,42820,67421,78120,48717,8816.67.37.87.36.3

  At closing establishments

3,3222,8753,2953,3053,6201.21.01.21.21.3

Net employment change (2)

4,2861,066-146-2573,5671.50.4-0.2-0.21.2
 

Other services (3)

 

Gross job gains

5,4054,8294,6484,3124,7547.76.96.66.26.8

  At expanding establishments

4,5164,0043,7913,4913,9056.45.75.45.05.6

  At opening establishments

8898258578218491.31.21.21.21.2

Gross job losses

4,5565,2364,7395,0703,9316.57.46.77.35.7

  At contracting establishments

3,6224,4083,9394,1753,1995.26.25.66.04.6

  At closing establishments

9348288008957321.31.21.11.31.1

Net employment change (2)

849-407-91-7588231.2-0.5-0.1-1.11.1

Footnotes:
(1) Includes unclassified sector not shown separately.
(2) The net employment change is the difference between total gross job gains and total gross job losses. See the Technical Note for further information.
(3) Except public administration.
 

Table 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of total employment by state, seasonally adjusted
StateGross job gains as a percent of employment (3 months ended)Gross job losses as a percent of employment (3 months ended)
Mar. 2013June 2013Sept. 2013Dec. 2013Mar. 2014Mar. 2013June 2013Sept. 2013Dec. 2013Mar. 2014

United States(1)

6.66.46.36.46.05.65.85.85.85.7
 

Alabama

6.16.05.56.05.65.55.65.75.35.7

Alaska

10.910.79.810.110.89.79.910.110.49.6

Arizona

6.16.26.46.75.75.85.95.55.46.0

Arkansas

5.85.35.86.05.85.76.05.75.55.0

California

9.17.06.97.36.86.16.56.26.36.1

Colorado

7.17.07.06.96.76.26.16.36.15.9

Connecticut

5.25.65.35.35.15.24.85.45.45.0

Delaware

6.56.56.66.66.35.85.86.05.85.9

District of Columbia

5.96.26.05.85.95.45.75.15.45.5

Florida

6.77.17.07.06.56.16.46.26.05.8
 

Georgia

6.66.66.66.86.55.86.16.05.85.6

Hawaii

5.25.25.65.44.84.75.14.74.55.1

Idaho

8.18.07.78.38.47.27.47.27.37.2

Illinois

5.65.85.75.85.85.45.35.75.35.5

Indiana

5.65.75.66.15.35.35.35.45.15.5

Iowa

5.96.05.96.05.85.45.45.55.55.5

Kansas

5.76.26.16.25.75.65.65.75.35.5

Kentucky

5.95.96.06.56.15.85.75.55.45.9

Louisiana

7.06.36.96.76.76.16.66.06.15.8

Maine

6.88.17.47.06.77.06.47.37.57.0
 

Maryland

6.36.26.16.45.95.86.16.16.35.8

Massachusetts

6.46.15.55.45.35.05.05.55.35.0

Michigan

6.26.35.96.05.55.05.75.85.65.1

Minnesota

6.16.15.65.65.35.25.25.55.65.7

Mississippi

5.95.96.26.65.75.56.15.85.65.9

Missouri

6.55.95.86.05.65.65.35.75.55.5

Montana

8.28.07.78.27.27.67.97.67.57.9

Nebraska

6.06.06.36.35.95.45.45.75.75.6

Nevada

6.36.76.06.36.65.45.65.85.35.2

New Hampshire

6.46.86.06.85.76.15.96.55.85.9
 

New Jersey

6.56.56.26.45.96.05.76.26.46.2

New Mexico

6.46.96.76.96.36.66.76.76.46.4

New York

6.36.56.46.66.26.05.86.16.06.0

North Carolina

6.16.36.36.45.95.75.85.85.75.6

North Dakota

8.37.38.38.28.66.67.66.96.96.8

Ohio

6.06.25.66.05.65.65.35.65.35.6

Oklahoma

6.06.46.46.26.16.05.95.76.26.0

Oregon

7.27.27.16.97.06.16.36.36.66.1

Pennsylvania

5.55.35.25.45.25.45.25.25.24.9

Rhode Island

6.36.56.26.25.75.95.76.15.75.7
 

South Carolina

5.96.36.26.76.25.75.45.65.55.8

South Dakota

6.36.56.26.96.36.25.76.36.06.1

Tennessee

5.55.65.56.35.45.15.35.34.75.3

Texas

5.95.86.06.15.95.15.15.25.35.1

Utah

7.47.06.97.46.56.36.56.46.16.0

Vermont

7.07.47.17.66.76.97.77.46.66.8

Virginia

5.75.65.95.75.35.45.65.95.65.5

Washington

8.67.37.06.96.66.36.16.66.35.9

West Virginia

6.46.26.06.56.36.26.66.46.46.7

Wisconsin

5.55.85.55.75.35.25.35.45.25.1
 

Wyoming

8.88.68.49.48.48.79.18.28.18.0

Puerto Rico

5.76.06.16.65.16.36.06.65.26.4

Virgin Islands

5.74.95.75.54.96.56.86.56.06.1

Footnotes:
(1) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.
 

 

Last Modified Date: Thursday, December 18, 2014