Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

News Release Information

15-991-KAN
Friday, May 22, 2015

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (816) 285-7000

Consumer Price Index, Midwest Region – April 2015

Prices in the Midwest little changed in April but 1.1 percent lower over the year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) in the Midwest registered little movement in April (0.1 percent), following an increase of 0.6 percent in March, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. A 7.9-percent decline in costs for utility (piped) gas service helped to offset increases in the indexes for food and all items less food and energy, each up 0.2 percent. Overall, the energy index was 1.1 percent lower over the month.

The CPI-U for the Midwest declined 1.1 percent from April 2014 to April 2015. Food prices increased 1.6 percent and the energy index, which includes motor fuel and household fuels, fell 22.2 percent. Excluding food and energy, the CPI-U rose 1.3 percent over the year. (See chart 1.)

Food

Food prices in the Midwest increased 0.2 percent in April. The index for food at home was little changed (0.1 percent) while costs for food away from home rose 0.4 percent.  

From April 2014 to April 2015, the index for food was up 1.6 percent led by a 3.2-percent rise in costs for food away from home. Prices for food at home also contributed to the increase with a gain of 0.6 percent.

Energy

The energy index for the Midwest turned down 1.1 percent in April. The decline was largely attributable to utility (piped) gas service costs which fell 7.9 percent over the month. Costs for electricity were unchanged while motor fuel prices advanced 0.5 percent over the month.

The index for energy fell 22.2 percent from April 2014 to April 2015, led by a 33.6-percent drop in motor fuel prices. Costs for utility (piped) gas service were 26.3 percent lower over the year, while electricity prices advanced 4.4 percent.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy for the Midwest rose 0.2 percent in April. Expenditure categories registering higher prices over the month included medical care services (0.9 percent), used cars and trucks (2.0 percent), and household furnishings and operations (0.8 percent).

The index for all items less food and energy increased 1.3 percent from April 2014 to April 2015. Higher costs for shelter (2.2 percent) and medical care (2.7 percent) led the advance.

The Midwest Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) stood at 223.797 in April 2015. A typical market basket of goods and services that cost $100.00 in the 1982-84 base period cost $223.80 in April 2015. Because regional CPI data are not adjusted for seasonal price variation, consumers and businesses should be cautious in drawing conclusions about long-term retail price trends from short-term changes in the regional indexes.

CPI-W

In April, the Midwest Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) was 218.701, up 0.1 percent over the month. The CPI-W decreased 1.7 percent over the year.

Table A. Midwest region CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month20112012201320142015
1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month

January

0.51.90.62.80.11.30.51.4-0.6-0.3

February

0.32.20.22.71.12.20.60.90.3-0.5

March

0.92.71.02.80.21.40.91.50.6-0.9

April

0.73.30.22.3-0.11.20.31.90.1-1.1

May

0.63.8-0.11.50.51.80.21.6  

June

0.03.9-0.11.40.32.20.51.7  

July

0.13.80.01.3-0.41.8-0.31.8  

August

0.23.80.71.80.11.2-0.21.6  

September

0.23.90.31.90.11.00.11.6  

October

-0.63.3-0.32.2-0.50.8-0.51.6  

November

0.03.3-0.41.8-0.21.0-0.61.2  

December

-0.22.8-0.21.8-0.21.0-0.70.7  

The May 2015 Consumer Price Index for the Midwest region is scheduled to be released on Thursday, June 18, 2015.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 89 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 28 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 24,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between areas; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Midwest region is comprised of Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

Midwest (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

 
Indexes
 
Percent change from-
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015
Apr.
2014
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015

Expenditure category

 
 

All Items

222.301223.550223.797-1.10.70.1

All items (December 1977=100)

361.696363.728364.130   

Food and beverages

239.275238.426238.8981.6-0.20.2

Food

238.916238.005238.4671.6-0.20.2

Food at home

230.747229.093229.2090.6-0.70.1

Food away from home

252.483252.839253.8923.20.60.4

Alcoholic beverages

241.966242.094242.7071.30.30.3

Housing

211.179211.611211.3390.80.1-0.1

Shelter

246.874247.671247.8302.20.40.1

Rent of primary residence (1)

245.410245.907246.1182.80.30.1

Owners' equiv. rent of residences (1) (2)

250.690251.079251.3181.80.30.1

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence (1) (2)

250.685251.076251.3161.80.30.1

Fuels and utilities

215.005215.017210.883-5.0-1.9-1.9

Household energy

179.695179.444174.941-7.3-2.6-2.5

Energy services (1)

186.000185.834181.324-6.9-2.5-2.4

Electricity (1)

195.755195.988196.0654.40.20.0

Utility (piped) gas service (1)

160.257159.376146.758-26.3-8.4-7.9

Household furnishings and operations

116.183115.728116.649-0.90.40.8

Apparel

116.338119.180118.888-3.72.2-0.2

Transportation

192.031196.851197.917-10.53.10.5

Private transportation

186.370191.410192.152-10.93.10.4

New and used motor vehicles (3)

98.55299.690100.1760.61.60.5

New vehicles

140.017140.770140.3751.10.3-0.3

New cars and trucks (3) (4)

99.09299.67199.3871.30.3-0.3

New cars (4)

136.720137.488137.1511.20.3-0.2

Used cars and trucks

143.466147.134150.055-0.94.62.0

Motor fuel

200.255216.852217.847-33.68.80.5

Gasoline (all types)

198.686215.352216.441-33.68.90.5

Gasoline, unleaded regular (4)

194.779211.598212.664-34.29.20.5

Gasoline, Unleaded midgrade (4) (5)

228.057244.607245.031-32.37.40.2

Gasoline, unleaded premium (4)

208.943224.100225.736-30.08.00.7

Medical Care

447.300448.997452.3092.71.10.7

Medical care commodities

365.206367.210368.3604.90.90.3

Medical care services

474.584476.141480.2672.11.20.9

Professional services

385.706387.102392.3091.71.71.3

Recreation (3)

117.470117.834117.6730.00.2-0.1

Education and communication (3)

139.657139.817139.7980.00.10.0

Other goods and services

397.738399.511399.2401.20.4-0.1
 

Commodity and Service Group

 
 

All Items

222.301223.550223.797-1.10.70.1

Commodities

176.435178.233178.592-4.61.20.2

Commodities less food & beverages

145.962148.832149.135-8.32.20.2

Nondurables less food & beverages

184.760190.312190.305-12.73.00.0

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

229.659236.976237.153-15.23.30.1

Durables

107.062107.504108.064-0.80.90.5

Services

269.730270.445270.5851.40.30.1

Rent of shelter (2)

253.509254.351254.4892.10.40.1

Transportation services

290.801291.422293.4192.80.90.7

Other services

325.980326.611326.8581.00.30.1
 

Special aggregate indexes:

 
 

All items less medical care

211.653212.880212.982-1.40.60.0

All items less food

219.501221.101221.313-1.50.80.1

All items less shelter

215.691217.124217.407-2.40.80.1

Commodities less food

148.998151.812152.124-8.02.10.2

Nondurables

211.580214.134214.354-5.71.30.1

Nondurables less food

187.821193.099193.124-11.92.80.0

Nondurables less food and apparel

229.469236.166236.376-14.03.00.1

Services less rent of shelter (2)

303.202303.812303.9600.70.20.0

Services less medical care services

254.424255.078254.9391.30.2-0.1

Energy

189.377196.429194.290-22.22.6-1.1

All items less energy

228.223228.883229.3811.40.50.2

All items less food and energy

226.969227.923228.4291.30.60.2

Commodities less food and energy commodities

145.475146.607146.893-0.61.00.2

Energy commodities

201.538217.372217.927-33.08.10.3

Services less energy services

280.589281.406282.0572.00.50.2

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
 

Regions defined as the four Census regions. Midwest includes Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.
 

Table 2. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

Midwest (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

 
Indexes
 
Percent change from-
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015
Apr.
2014
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015

Expenditure category

 
 

All Items

217.027218.486218.701-1.70.80.1

All items (December 1977=100)

350.981353.341353.688   

Food and beverages

239.666238.850239.2781.6-0.20.2

Food

239.385238.516238.9201.7-0.20.2

Food at home

231.542230.019230.0750.8-0.60.0

Food away from home

253.490253.897254.9743.30.60.4

Alcoholic beverages

242.511242.526243.3451.30.30.3

Housing

206.414206.814206.4540.70.0-0.2

Shelter

236.406237.080237.2302.20.30.1

Rent of primary residence (1)

246.060246.588246.7932.80.30.1

Owners' equiv. rent of residences (1) (2)

233.691234.095234.3271.90.30.1

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence (1) (2)

233.700234.105234.3381.90.30.1

Fuels and utilities

215.810215.945211.898-4.8-1.8-1.9

Household energy

180.209180.066175.677-7.0-2.5-2.4

Energy services (1)

185.079185.035180.687-6.7-2.4-2.3

Electricity (1)

194.393194.621194.6944.30.20.0

Utility (piped) gas service (1)

160.916160.335147.365-27.0-8.4-8.1

Household furnishings and operations

114.487114.123115.025-1.20.50.8

Apparel

114.419117.486117.348-2.92.6-0.1

Transportation

189.218194.755195.874-12.13.50.6

Private transportation

185.670191.345192.325-12.43.60.5

New and used motor vehicles (3)

98.21799.651100.4620.22.30.8

New vehicles

143.328144.103143.7151.10.3-0.3

Used cars and trucks

144.095147.769150.700-0.94.62.0

Motor fuel

200.933217.516218.378-33.68.70.4

Gasoline (all types)

199.303215.927216.885-33.68.80.4

Gasoline, unleaded regular (4)

195.253212.015212.953-34.39.10.4

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade (4) (5)

228.044244.428244.792-32.37.30.1

Gasoline, unleaded premium (4)

208.996224.112225.583-30.07.90.7

Medical Care

452.580454.386457.5012.71.10.7

Medical care commodities

358.683361.026362.1134.91.00.3

Medical care services

481.278482.825486.7042.01.10.8

Professional services

387.210388.588393.3741.71.61.2

Recreation (3)

114.057114.502114.3260.00.2-0.2

Education and communication (3)

131.885131.979131.974-0.60.10.0

Other goods and services

440.161442.505441.9531.00.4-0.1
 

Commodity and Service Group

 
 

All Items

217.027218.486218.701-1.70.80.1

Commodities

178.621180.817181.249-5.31.50.2

Commodities less food & beverages

149.165152.648153.076-9.52.60.3

Nondurables less food & beverages

191.073197.626197.646-14.43.40.0

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

238.547247.230247.342-17.13.70.0

Durables

108.822109.577110.339-0.81.40.7

Services

262.700263.337263.3071.30.20.0

Rent of shelter (2)

234.724235.417235.5412.20.30.1

Transportation services

290.358290.842292.1843.40.60.5

Other services

302.749303.328303.5880.60.30.1
 

Special aggregate indexes:

 
 

All items less medical care

207.984209.428209.536-2.00.70.1

All items less food

212.734214.613214.793-2.41.00.1

All items less shelter

212.475214.229214.469-3.20.90.1

Commodities less food

151.978155.384155.823-9.12.50.3

Nondurables

215.436218.437218.655-6.61.50.1

Nondurables less food

193.667199.875199.937-13.63.20.0

Nondurables less food and apparel

237.257245.184245.352-15.93.40.1

Services less rent of shelter (2)

268.890269.402269.2010.40.1-0.1

Services less medical care services

248.187248.767248.5111.20.1-0.1

Energy

189.124196.786194.866-23.13.0-1.0

All items less energy

222.207222.911223.3911.30.50.2

All items less food and energy

218.960219.996220.4931.30.70.2

Commodities less food and energy commodities

148.147149.579150.022-0.51.30.3

Energy commodities

202.323218.310218.807-33.28.10.2

Services less energy services

272.963273.689274.2272.00.50.2

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a December 1984=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
 

Regions defined as the four Census regions. Midwest includes Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.
 

 

Last Modified Date: Friday, May 22, 2015