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News Release Information

15-1404-KAN
Friday, July 17, 2015

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Consumer Price Index, Midwest Region – June 2015

Prices in the Midwest up 0.5 percent in June but 0.7 percent lower over the year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) in the Midwest rose 0.5 percent in June, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. The monthly increase was largely attributable to higher energy costs. Overall, the energy index advanced 5.9 percent over the month. The index for food (0.1 percent) registered little movement and the all items less food and energy index was unchanged.

The CPI-U for the Midwest declined 0.7 percent from June 2014 to June 2015, the sixth consecutive month of over-the-year decline. Food prices increased 1.3 percent and the energy index, which includes motor fuel and household fuels, fell 17.2 percent. Excluding food and energy, the CPI-U rose 1.2 percent over the year. (See chart 1.)

Food

Food prices in the Midwest were little changed (0.1 percent) in June. The index for food at home registered little movement (0.1 percent) while costs for food away from home rose 0.2 percent.

From June 2014 to June 2015, the index for food was up 1.3 percent. Costs for food away from home increased 3.2 percent while prices for food at home were unchanged over the year.

Energy

The energy index for the Midwest advanced 5.9 percent in June following a 4.3-percent increase in the previous month. Higher prices for motor fuel (6.0 percent) and electricity (7.6 percent) led the monthly advance. Electricity prices typically rise in June, reflecting a shift to seasonal rate schedules. Higher costs for utility (piped) gas service (2.6 percent) also contributed to the increase in the energy index.

Despite the monthly increase, the index for energy fell 17.2 percent from June 2014 to June 2015 led by a 25.5-percent drop in motor fuel prices. Costs for utility (piped) gas service were 20.0 percent lower over the year, while electricity prices rose 1.1 percent.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy for the Midwest was unchanged in June due to offsetting movements. Expenditure categories registering higher prices over the month included shelter (0.4 percent) and other goods and services (0.3 percent). In contrast, household furnishings and operations (-0.6 percent) and apparel (-0.5 percent) were among the expenditure categories posting lower prices over the month.

The index for all items less food and energy increased 1.2 percent from June 2014 to June 2015. Higher costs for shelter (2.3 percent) and medical care services (2.0 percent) led the advance.

The Midwest Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) stood at 225.946 in June 2015. A typical market basket of goods and services that cost $100.00 in the 1982-84 base period cost $225.95 in June 2015. Because regional CPI data are not adjusted for seasonal price variation, consumers and businesses should be cautious in drawing conclusions about long-term retail price trends from short-term changes in the regional indexes.

CPI-W

In June, the Midwest Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) was 221.193, up 0.6 percent over the month. The CPI-W decreased 1.2 percent over the year.

Table A. Midwest region CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month20112012201320142015
1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month

January

0.51.90.62.80.11.30.51.4-0.6-0.3

February

0.32.20.22.71.12.20.60.90.3-0.5

March

0.92.71.02.80.21.40.91.50.6-0.9

April

0.73.30.22.3-0.11.20.31.90.1-1.1

May

0.63.8-0.11.50.51.80.21.60.4-0.8

June

0.03.9-0.11.40.32.20.51.70.5-0.7

July

0.13.80.01.3-0.41.8-0.31.8  

August

0.23.80.71.80.11.2-0.21.6  

September

0.23.90.31.90.11.00.11.6  

October

-0.63.3-0.32.2-0.50.8-0.51.6  

November

0.03.3-0.41.8-0.21.0-0.61.2  

December

-0.22.8-0.21.8-0.21.0-0.70.7  

The July 2015 Consumer Price Index for the Midwest region is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, August 19, 2015.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 89 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 28 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 24,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between areas; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Midwest region is comprised of Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

Midwest (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

 
Indexes
 
Percent change from-
Apr.
2015
May
2015
Jun.
2015
Jun.
2014
Apr.
2015
May
2015

Expenditure category

 
 

All Items

223.797224.732225.946-0.71.00.5

All items (December 1977=100)

364.130365.651367.626   

Food and beverages

238.898238.696238.9201.20.00.1

Food

238.467238.255238.6081.30.10.1

Food at home

229.209228.729229.0000.0-0.10.1

Food away from home

253.892254.137254.6293.20.30.2

Alcoholic beverages

242.707242.664240.8910.1-0.7-0.7

Housing

211.339211.741213.4931.01.00.8

Shelter

247.830248.321249.2412.30.60.4

Rent of primary residence (1)

246.118246.387247.2993.00.50.4

Owners' equiv. rent of residences (1) (2)

251.318251.641252.3312.10.40.3

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence (1) (2)

251.316251.641252.3302.10.40.3

Fuels and utilities

210.883211.508221.159-4.24.94.6

Household energy

174.941175.274185.200-6.45.95.7

Energy services (1)

181.324182.188193.394-5.86.76.2

Electricity (1)

196.065198.864213.8881.19.17.6

Utility (piped) gas service (1)

146.758144.084147.891-20.00.82.6

Household furnishings and operations

116.649116.649115.959-1.4-0.6-0.6

Apparel

118.888117.773117.176-4.3-1.4-0.5

Transportation

197.917203.114206.151-8.04.21.5

Private transportation

192.152196.924200.113-8.24.11.6

New and used motor vehicles (3)

100.176100.403100.2270.40.1-0.2

New vehicles

140.375140.597140.3861.50.0-0.2

New cars and trucks (3) (4)

99.38799.49399.3441.60.0-0.1

New cars (4)

137.151137.163136.8021.3-0.3-0.3

Used cars and trucks

150.055151.090151.403-1.20.90.2

Motor fuel

217.847236.460250.761-25.515.16.0

Gasoline (all types)

216.441235.103249.457-25.515.36.1

Gasoline, unleaded regular (4)

212.664231.520245.828-26.015.66.2

Gasoline, Unleaded midgrade (4) (5)

245.031264.781279.299-24.114.05.5

Gasoline, unleaded premium (4)

225.736242.260256.392-22.513.65.8

Medical Care

452.309452.171451.3892.4-0.2-0.2

Medical care commodities

368.360368.131367.1484.0-0.3-0.3

Medical care services

480.267480.167479.4742.0-0.2-0.1

Professional services

392.309392.239391.3901.1-0.2-0.2

Recreation (3)

117.673117.763117.7470.20.10.0

Education and communication (3)

139.798139.344139.146-0.3-0.5-0.1

Other goods and services

399.240400.002401.1231.40.50.3
 

Commodity and Service Group

 
 

All Items

223.797224.732225.946-0.71.00.5

Commodities

178.592179.851180.816-3.81.20.5

Commodities less food & beverages

149.135150.980152.236-6.82.10.8

Nondurables less food & beverages

190.305194.055197.117-10.23.61.6

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

237.153244.031249.450-11.85.22.2

Durables

108.064108.192107.836-0.9-0.2-0.3

Services

270.585271.206272.6771.40.80.5

Rent of shelter (2)

254.489255.013255.9722.30.60.4

Transportation services

293.419295.699294.7712.10.5-0.3

Other services

326.858327.143326.9630.90.0-0.1
 

Special aggregate indexes:

 
 

All items less medical care

212.982213.968215.276-1.01.10.6

All items less food

221.313222.434223.788-1.11.10.6

All items less shelter

217.407218.520219.859-2.01.10.6

Commodities less food

152.124153.930155.115-6.62.00.8

Nondurables

214.354216.255217.991-4.61.70.8

Nondurables less food

193.124196.681199.498-9.63.31.4

Nondurables less food and apparel

236.376242.658247.464-11.04.72.0

Services less rent of shelter (2)

303.960304.728306.8670.61.00.7

Services less medical care services

254.939255.609257.2251.30.90.6

Energy

194.290202.549214.413-17.210.45.9

All items less energy

229.381229.565229.6881.20.10.1

All items less food and energy

228.429228.689228.7681.20.10.0

Commodities less food and energy commodities

146.893146.660146.266-0.8-0.4-0.3

Energy commodities

217.927235.229248.381-25.414.05.6

Services less energy services

282.057282.656283.0652.00.40.1

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
 

Regions defined as the four Census regions. Midwest includes Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.
 

Table 2. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

Midwest (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

 
Indexes
 
Percent change from-
Apr.
2015
May
2015
Jun.
2015
Jun.
2014
Apr.
2015
May
2015

Expenditure category

 
 

All Items

218.701219.773221.193-1.21.10.6

All items (December 1977=100)

353.688355.421357.718   

Food and beverages

239.278239.044239.3661.30.00.1

Food

238.920238.668239.1251.30.10.2

Food at home

230.075229.522230.0190.20.00.2

Food away from home

254.974255.309255.6863.40.30.1

Alcoholic beverages

243.345243.407241.5710.4-0.7-0.8

Housing

206.454206.881208.7440.91.10.9

Shelter

237.230237.663238.4552.40.50.3

Rent of primary residence (1)

246.793247.057247.9343.00.50.4

Owners' equiv. rent of residences (1) (2)

234.327234.637235.2622.10.40.3

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence (1) (2)

234.338234.649235.2722.10.40.3

Fuels and utilities

211.898212.672222.303-4.04.94.5

Household energy

175.677176.167185.988-6.15.95.6

Energy services (1)

180.687181.709192.680-5.66.66.0

Electricity (1)

194.694197.543211.8801.08.87.3

Utility (piped) gas service (1)

147.365144.736148.703-20.30.92.7

Household furnishings and operations

115.025115.186114.552-1.5-0.4-0.6

Apparel

117.348116.474115.795-3.7-1.3-0.6

Transportation

195.874201.473205.074-9.24.71.8

Private transportation

192.325197.694201.396-9.34.71.9

New and used motor vehicles (3)

100.462100.821100.7650.10.3-0.1

New vehicles

143.715143.938143.6811.40.0-0.2

Used cars and trucks

150.700151.738152.053-1.20.90.2

Motor fuel

218.378237.073251.400-25.515.16.0

Gasoline (all types)

216.885235.619249.981-25.515.36.1

Gasoline, unleaded regular (4)

212.953231.882246.177-26.015.66.2

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade (4) (5)

244.792264.433278.998-24.214.05.5

Gasoline, unleaded premium (4)

225.583242.079256.222-22.513.65.8

Medical Care

457.501457.217456.5762.4-0.2-0.1

Medical care commodities

362.113361.729361.0904.1-0.3-0.2

Medical care services

486.704486.468485.8391.9-0.2-0.1

Professional services

393.374393.404392.7641.1-0.2-0.2

Recreation (3)

114.326114.071113.930-0.1-0.3-0.1

Education and communication (3)

131.974131.413131.196-1.0-0.6-0.2

Other goods and services

441.953442.822444.8421.30.70.5
 

Commodity and Service Group

 
 

All Items

218.701219.773221.193-1.21.10.6

Commodities

181.249182.877184.171-4.31.60.7

Commodities less food & beverages

153.076155.496157.197-7.62.71.1

Nondurables less food & beverages

197.646202.503206.411-11.54.41.9

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

247.342255.616262.262-13.36.02.6

Durables

110.339110.605110.370-0.80.0-0.2

Services

263.307263.757265.3341.30.80.6

Rent of shelter (2)

235.541235.986236.7852.40.50.3

Transportation services

292.184293.651292.8422.90.2-0.3

Other services

303.588303.258302.8880.3-0.2-0.1
 

Special aggregate indexes:

 
 

All items less medical care

209.536210.656212.149-1.51.20.7

All items less food

214.793216.104217.697-1.71.40.7

All items less shelter

214.469215.780217.439-2.61.40.8

Commodities less food

155.823158.191159.808-7.42.61.0

Nondurables

218.655221.060223.243-5.32.11.0

Nondurables less food

199.937204.540208.147-10.84.11.8

Nondurables less food and apparel

245.352252.909258.826-12.45.52.3

Services less rent of shelter (2)

269.201269.613271.9140.31.00.9

Services less medical care services

248.511248.998250.6911.30.90.7

Energy

194.866203.848215.731-17.810.75.8

All items less energy

223.391223.494223.6331.20.10.1

All items less food and energy

220.493220.671220.7431.20.10.0

Commodities less food and energy commodities

150.022149.943149.666-0.8-0.2-0.2

Energy commodities

218.807236.439249.830-25.414.25.7

Services less energy services

274.227274.603274.9432.00.30.1

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a December 1984=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
 

Regions defined as the four Census regions. Midwest includes Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.
 

 

Last Modified Date: Friday, July 17, 2015