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News Release Information

15-2398-KAN
Tuesday, December 15, 2015

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Technical information:
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Consumer Price Index, Midwest Region – November 2015

Prices in the Midwest down 0.5 percent in November and 0.2 percent lower over the year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) in the Midwest was down 0.5 percent in November, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. The monthly decrease was largely attributable to an 8.7-percent drop in motor fuel prices. The broader energy index was 4.8 percent lower over the month. Food prices declined 0.4 percent while the index for all items less food and energy was unchanged. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

The CPI-U for the Midwest decreased 0.2 percent from November 2014 to November 2015, the eleventh consecutive month of over-the-year decline.(See chart 1 and table A.) Food prices increased 0.8 percent and the energy index, which includes motor fuel and household fuels, fell 15.2 percent. Excluding food and energy, the CPI-U rose 1.4 percent over the year. (See table 1.)

 

Food

Food prices in the Midwest declined 0.4 percent in November. The index for food at home decreased 0.8 percent while costs for food away from home were up 0.2 percent.

From November 2014 to November 2015, the index for food rose 0.8 percent, the smallest over-the-year increase since December 2013. Rising costs for food away from home (2.5 percent) were responsible for the yearly advance. Prices for food at home were 0.3 percent lower over the year.

Energy

The energy index registered its fifth consecutive monthly decline, falling 4.8 percent in November, and had the greatest downward impact on the all items index. The decrease in energy costs was largely attributable to an 8.7-percent drop in motor fuel prices. Lower costs for utility (piped) gas service (-2.5 percent) and electricity (-0.5 percent) also contributed to the monthly decline.

Energy prices fell 15.2 percent from November 2014 to November 2015, led by a drop of 23.9 percent in motor fuel prices. The index for motor fuel has registered consecutive over-the-year declines since August 2014. Costs for utility (piped) gas service were 19.1 percent lower over the year, while electricity prices were up 2.4 percent.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy for the Midwest was unchanged in November due to offsetting movements. Expenditure categories registering higher prices over the month included owners’ equivalent rent of residences and medical care services, each up 0.3 percent. In contrast, apparel (-2.2 percent) and used cars and trucks (-1.9 percent) were among the expenditure categories posting lower prices over the month.

The index for all items less food and energy was up 1.4 percent from November 2014 to November 2015. Higher costs for shelter (2.3 percent) and medical care services (2.8 percent) led the advance.

The Midwest Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) stood at 224.009 in November 2015. A typical market basket of goods and services that cost $100.00 in the 1982-84 base period cost $224.01 in November 2015. Because regional CPI data are not adjusted for seasonal price variation, consumers and businesses should be cautious in drawing conclusions about long-term retail price trends from short-term changes in the regional indexes.

CPI-W

In November, the Midwest Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) was 218.569, down 0.6 percent over the month. The CPI-W decreased 0.6 percent over the year.

Table A. Midwest region CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month20112012201320142015
1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month

January

0.51.90.62.80.11.30.51.4-0.6-0.3

February

0.32.20.22.71.12.20.60.90.3-0.5

March

0.92.71.02.80.21.40.91.50.6-0.9

April

0.73.30.22.3-0.11.20.31.90.1-1.1

May

0.63.8-0.11.50.51.80.21.60.4-0.8

June

0.03.9-0.11.40.32.20.51.70.5-0.7

July

0.13.80.01.3-0.41.8-0.31.80.0-0.5

August

0.23.80.71.80.11.2-0.21.60.0-0.3

September

0.23.90.31.90.11.00.11.6-0.3-0.8

October

-0.63.3-0.32.2-0.50.8-0.51.6-0.1-0.3

November

0.03.3-0.41.8-0.21.0-0.61.2-0.5-0.2

December

-0.22.8-0.21.8-0.21.0-0.70.7  

The December 2015 Consumer Price Index for the Midwest region is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, January 20, 2016.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 89 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 28 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 24,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between areas; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Midwest region is comprised of Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

Midwest (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

 
Indexes
 
Percent change from-
Sep.
2015
Oct.
2015
Nov.
2015
Nov.
2014
Sep.
2015
Oct.
2015

Expenditure category

 
 

All Items

225.184225.050224.009-0.2-0.5-0.5

All items (December 1977=100)

366.386366.170364.475   

Food and beverages

241.353241.006240.0060.7-0.6-0.4

Food

241.100240.695239.6760.8-0.6-0.4

Food at home

231.872231.063229.217-0.3-1.1-0.8

Food away from home

256.469256.751257.1452.50.30.2

Alcoholic beverages

242.382242.937242.242-0.2-0.1-0.3

Housing

213.827212.917212.7841.2-0.5-0.1

Shelter

250.435250.776251.1042.30.30.1

Rent of primary residence (1)

249.093249.885250.5812.60.60.3

Owners' equiv. rent of residences (1) (2)

253.970254.346255.1012.10.40.3

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence (1) (2)

253.963254.339255.0952.10.40.3

Fuels and utilities

217.460209.651207.998-3.4-4.4-0.8

Household energy

180.872172.729170.868-5.7-5.5-1.1

Energy services (1)

189.089180.075178.131-4.7-5.8-1.1

Electricity (1)

209.357196.961195.9132.4-6.4-0.5

Utility (piped) gas service (1)

144.182141.681138.200-19.1-4.1-2.5

Household furnishings and operations

116.226115.743115.088-1.1-1.0-0.6

Apparel

121.530122.731120.087-2.4-1.2-2.2

Transportation

195.985196.789192.703-6.4-1.7-2.1

Private transportation

190.680191.149186.808-6.7-2.0-2.3

New and used motor vehicles (3)

98.91198.50598.198-0.3-0.7-0.3

New vehicles

138.849139.115139.5070.20.50.3

New cars and trucks (3) (4)

98.36398.54398.7340.20.40.2

New cars (4)

135.590135.531135.6280.10.00.1

Used cars and trucks

148.968146.290143.518-0.9-3.7-1.9

Motor fuel

214.907217.297198.363-23.9-7.7-8.7

Gasoline (all types)

213.670216.014197.007-23.8-7.8-8.8

Gasoline, unleaded regular (4)

208.627210.759191.809-24.8-8.1-9.0

Gasoline, Unleaded midgrade (4) (5)

244.167248.063227.208-21.6-6.9-8.4

Gasoline, unleaded premium (4)

231.993235.064216.831-17.5-6.5-7.8

Medical Care

451.793454.680456.1982.61.00.3

Medical care commodities

363.415366.054367.3451.81.10.4

Medical care services

481.504484.457486.0472.80.90.3

Professional services

393.729392.671393.0891.6-0.20.1

Recreation (3)

118.002117.320116.9140.1-0.9-0.3

Education and communication (3)

140.481140.687140.8140.70.20.1

Other goods and services

402.044402.313402.7902.10.20.1
 

Commodity and Service Group

 
 

All Items

225.184225.050224.009-0.2-0.5-0.5

Commodities

178.825178.837176.406-3.0-1.4-1.4

Commodities less food & beverages

148.428148.592145.614-5.5-1.9-2.0

Nondurables less food & beverages

189.947191.141185.783-8.0-2.2-2.8

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

234.876236.073228.948-9.8-2.5-3.0

Durables

107.081106.346105.538-1.4-1.4-0.8

Services

273.126272.847273.1731.80.00.1

Rent of shelter (2)

257.223257.566257.9122.30.30.1

Transportation services

291.045293.796296.4182.21.80.9

Other services

329.082329.079328.9851.50.00.0
 

Special aggregate indexes:

 
 

All items less medical care

214.459214.182213.020-0.4-0.7-0.5

All items less food

222.496222.407221.362-0.3-0.5-0.5

All items less shelter

218.352218.039216.470-1.2-0.9-0.7

Commodities less food

151.424151.598148.664-5.3-1.8-1.9

Nondurables

215.325215.796212.470-3.5-1.3-1.5

Nondurables less food

192.767193.929188.806-7.5-2.1-2.6

Nondurables less food and apparel

234.270235.409228.843-9.0-2.3-2.8

Services less rent of shelter (2)

306.421305.415305.7361.3-0.20.1

Services less medical care services

257.562257.059257.2951.6-0.10.1

Energy

196.400192.789183.519-15.2-6.6-4.8

All items less energy

230.708230.934230.7351.30.0-0.1

All items less food and energy

229.518229.863229.8151.40.10.0

Commodities less food and energy commodities

146.679146.534145.592-0.8-0.7-0.6

Energy commodities

213.486216.065197.788-24.1-7.4-8.5

Services less energy services

284.040284.720285.2982.20.40.2

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
 

Regions defined as the four Census regions. Midwest includes Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.
 

Table 2. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

Midwest (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

 
Indexes
 
Percent change from-
Sep.
2015
Oct.
2015
Nov.
2015
Nov.
2014
Sep.
2015
Oct.
2015

Expenditure category

 
 

All Items

220.121219.875218.569-0.6-0.7-0.6

All items (December 1977=100)

355.985355.586353.474   

Food and beverages

241.973241.461240.3220.6-0.7-0.5

Food

241.787241.190240.0360.7-0.7-0.5

Food at home

233.053232.007230.047-0.3-1.3-0.8

Food away from home

257.612257.892258.3092.50.30.2

Alcoholic beverages

243.275244.122243.2310.00.0-0.4

Housing

209.047208.058207.9691.1-0.50.0

Shelter

239.771240.194240.6252.30.40.2

Rent of primary residence (1)

249.727250.509251.2132.60.60.3

Owners' equiv. rent of residences (1) (2)

236.773237.115237.8032.20.40.3

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence (1) (2)

236.781237.123237.8102.20.40.3

Fuels and utilities

218.399210.660209.033-3.2-4.3-0.8

Household energy

181.494173.482171.663-5.4-5.4-1.0

Energy services (1)

188.191179.422177.558-4.5-5.7-1.0

Electricity (1)

207.186195.380194.3512.2-6.2-0.5

Utility (piped) gas service (1)

144.758142.275138.815-19.2-4.1-2.4

Household furnishings and operations

114.739114.147113.399-1.3-1.2-0.7

Apparel

119.975121.140118.743-2.2-1.0-2.0

Transportation

194.299194.737189.647-7.4-2.4-2.6

Private transportation

190.969191.259186.033-7.7-2.6-2.7

New and used motor vehicles (3)

99.40798.69098.032-0.4-1.4-0.7

New vehicles

142.154142.383142.7880.10.40.3

Used cars and trucks

149.617146.942144.166-0.9-3.6-1.9

Motor fuel

215.580218.046198.865-24.0-7.8-8.8

Gasoline (all types)

214.259216.666197.425-23.9-7.9-8.9

Gasoline, unleaded regular (4)

209.055211.233192.083-24.9-8.1-9.1

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade (4) (5)

243.984248.076227.061-21.6-6.9-8.5

Gasoline, unleaded premium (4)

232.058235.222216.638-17.7-6.6-7.9

Medical Care

456.862460.010461.5732.61.00.3

Medical care commodities

357.267359.927361.1121.81.10.3

Medical care services

487.803491.082492.7672.81.00.3

Professional services

395.080394.117394.5901.7-0.10.1

Recreation (3)

114.143113.510113.152-0.4-0.9-0.3

Education and communication (3)

132.213132.471132.6560.40.30.1

Other goods and services

447.519447.525448.3712.70.20.2
 

Commodity and Service Group

 
 

All Items

220.121219.875218.569-0.6-0.7-0.6

Commodities

181.684181.544178.735-3.5-1.6-1.5

Commodities less food & beverages

152.514152.538149.039-6.2-2.3-2.3

Nondurables less food & beverages

197.491198.714192.404-9.0-2.6-3.2

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

245.557246.832238.147-10.9-3.0-3.5

Durables

109.447108.448107.455-1.4-1.8-0.9

Services

265.860265.490265.8791.70.00.1

Rent of shelter (2)

238.116238.531238.9692.30.40.2

Transportation services

291.313293.698296.4492.71.80.9

Other services

304.454304.687304.8171.20.10.0
 

Special aggregate indexes:

 
 

All items less medical care

211.030210.659209.250-0.8-0.8-0.7

All items less food

215.950215.767214.435-0.9-0.7-0.6

All items less shelter

215.507215.019213.082-1.7-1.1-0.9

Commodities less food

155.271155.317151.873-5.9-2.2-2.2

Nondurables

219.883220.269216.444-4.1-1.6-1.7

Nondurables less food

199.786200.989194.966-8.5-2.4-3.0

Nondurables less food and apparel

243.718244.949236.950-10.0-2.8-3.3

Services less rent of shelter (2)

271.482270.265270.5621.1-0.30.1

Services less medical care services

251.130250.552250.8641.6-0.10.1

Energy

196.639193.549183.637-15.8-6.6-5.1

All items less energy

224.780224.883224.6301.3-0.1-0.1

All items less food and energy

221.573221.823221.7601.40.10.0

Commodities less food and energy commodities

150.033149.653148.623-0.7-0.9-0.7

Energy commodities

214.743217.373198.675-24.1-7.5-8.6

Services less energy services

276.129276.865277.5512.30.50.2

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a December 1984=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
 

Regions defined as the four Census regions. Midwest includes Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.
 

 

Last Modified Date: Tuesday, December 15, 2015