Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

News Release Information

16-221-KAN
Wednesday, February 10, 2016

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (816) 285-7000

Business Employment Dynamics in Colorado – Second Quarter 2015

From March 2015 to June 2015, gross job gains in private sector establishments in Colorado totaled 146,534, while gross job losses numbered 135,196, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 11,338. Regional Commissioner Stanley W. Suchman noted that gross jobs gains exceeded gross job losses by 14,005 during the previous quarter.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. Business Employment Dynamics (BED) statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses is the net change in employment. (See the Technical Note for more information.)

Gross job gains in Colorado increased by 4,060 from March 2015 to June 2015 and have been above 140,000 in each of the past five quarters. Gross job losses also increased for the 3 months ended in June 2015, up 6,727, and were at their highest level since the third quarter of 2009. Despite the increase in the number of gross job losses in the past two quarters, gross job gains have exceeded gross job losses in each quarter since June 2010. (See chart 1.)

Gross job gains represented 7.0 percent of private sector employment in Colorado in the quarter ended June 2015, while nationally gross job gains accounted for 6.4 percent of private employment. (See chart 2.) The rates of both gross job gains and gross job losses in Colorado have been above the U.S. rate since data were first published in 1992.

During the second quarter of 2015, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses in 10 of the 11 industry sectors in Colorado. For example, within leisure and hospitality, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 4,399. While 32,011 jobs in the industry were created by opening and expanding establishments, 27,612 jobs were lost in closing and contracting establishments in the 3 months ended in June 2015. In retail trade, 17,591 jobs were created in opening and expanding establishments and 14,573 jobs were lost in closing and contracting establishments. Gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by more than 1,000 in two additional industry sectors—education and health services (2,696) and financial activities (1,526). (See table 1.)

In contrast, gross job losses exceeded gross job gains in the construction sector during the second quarter of 2015. The 14,803 jobs lost in closing and contracting establishments offset the 13,796 jobs created in opening and expanding establishments.

For More Information

BED data for the states have been included in table 2 of this release. For more information on the Business Employment Dynamics data, visit the BED web site at www.bls.gov/bdm/.

The Business Employment Dynamics for Third Quarter 2015 are scheduled to be released on Wednesday, April 27, 2016 at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).


Technical Note

The Business Employment Dynamics (BED) data are a product of a federal-state cooperative program known as Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW), or the ES-202 program. The BED data are compiled from existing quarterly QCEW records. The QCEW reports are sent by the State Employment Security Agencies (SESAs) to BLS and form the basis of the Bureau’s QCEW program and establishment universe sampling frame. These reports are also used to produce the QCEW data on total employment and wages. Other important Bureau uses of the QCEW reports are in the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program. The CES program produces monthly estimates of employment, net changes, and earnings by detailed industry.

In the BED program, the QCEW records are linked across quarters to provide a longitudinal history for each establishment. The linkage process allows the tracking of net employment changes at the establishment level, which in turn allows the estimation of jobs gained at opening and expanding establishments and jobs lost at closing and contracting establishments.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. BED statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross jobs gained and the number of gross jobs lost is the net change in employment.

Gross job gains and gross job losses are expressed as rates by dividing their levels by the average of employment in the current and previous quarters. The rates are calculated for the components of gross job gains and gross job losses and then summed to form their respective totals. These rates can be added and subtracted just as their levels can. For instance, the difference between the gross job gains rate and the gross job losses rate is the net growth rate.

The formal definitions of employment changes are as follows:

Openings.  These are either establishments with positive third month employment for the first time in the current quarter, with no links to the prior quarter, or with positive third month employment in the current quarter following zero employment in the previous quarter.

Expansions.  These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net increase in employment over this period.

Closings.  These are either establishments with positive third month employment in the previous quarter, with no employment or zero employment reported in the current quarter.

Contractions.  These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net decrease in employment over this period.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 800-877-8339.

Table 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses by industry, Colorado, seasonally adjusted
CategoryGross job gains and job losses
(3 months ended)
Gross job gains and job losses
as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
June
2014
Sept.
2014
Dec.
2014
Mar.
2015
June
2015
June
2014
Sept.
2014
Dec.
2014
Mar.
2015
June
2015

Total private (1)

 

Gross job gains

146,328148,683145,332142,474146,5347.27.37.06.97.0

At expanding establishments

119,759119,753119,843115,406120,6985.95.95.85.65.8

At opening establishments

26,56928,93025,48927,06825,8361.31.41.21.31.2

Gross job losses

122,865125,853124,926128,469135,1966.16.16.16.16.4

At contracting establishments

100,175104,681100,966106,908109,2135.05.14.95.15.2

At closing establishments

22,69021,17223,96021,56125,9831.11.01.21.01.2

Net employment change (2)

23,46322,83020,40614,00511,3381.11.20.90.80.6

Construction

 

Gross job gains

14,87114,68014,77314,21713,79610.610.310.29.59.3

At expanding establishments

12,21311,81212,33411,55511,3528.78.38.57.77.7

At opening establishments

2,6582,8682,4392,6622,4441.92.01.71.81.6

Gross job losses

12,36112,67711,52413,92114,8038.88.97.99.310.0

At contracting establishments

10,02510,4119,13311,31412,0957.17.36.37.68.2

At closing establishments

2,3362,2662,3912,6072,7081.71.61.61.71.8

Net employment change (2)

2,5102,0033,249296-1,0071.81.42.30.2-0.7

Manufacturing

 

Gross job gains

5,6895,9155,6925,4515,9834.24.34.13.94.3

At expanding establishments

5,1915,3025,0154,8835,4573.83.93.63.53.9

At opening establishments

4986136775685260.40.40.50.40.4

Gross job losses

4,3654,4254,7234,5445,1153.23.33.43.33.7

At contracting establishments

3,7743,9304,1464,0244,3262.82.93.02.93.1

At closing establishments

5914955775207890.40.40.40.40.6

Net employment change (2)

1,3241,4909699078681.01.00.70.60.6

Wholesale trade

 

Gross job gains

5,2215,5846,0715,0655,3055.25.66.04.95.1

At expanding establishments

4,2864,7825,0544,2364,3684.34.85.04.14.2

At opening establishments

9358021,0178299370.90.81.00.80.9

Gross job losses

4,1904,4914,5434,4455,1124.24.54.54.45.0

At contracting establishments

2,9793,2683,5103,4513,8903.03.33.53.43.8

At closing establishments

1,2111,2231,0339941,2221.21.21.01.01.2

Net employment change (2)

1,0311,0931,5286201931.01.11.50.50.1

Retail trade

 

Gross job gains

17,13615,67416,27516,60717,5916.76.16.36.46.7

At expanding establishments

14,83914,08414,45114,49615,1985.85.55.65.65.8

At opening establishments

2,2971,5901,8242,1112,3930.90.60.70.80.9

Gross job losses

14,56916,21214,43714,18214,5735.76.35.65.55.5

At contracting establishments

12,76114,09912,55812,62612,4385.05.54.94.94.7

At closing establishments

1,8082,1131,8791,5562,1350.70.80.70.60.8

Net employment change (2)

2,567-5381,8382,4253,0181.0-0.20.70.91.2

Transportation and warehousing

 

Gross job gains

4,3863,8794,8534,2884,6496.85.97.36.36.9

At expanding establishments

3,7523,2664,2133,7654,1695.85.06.35.56.2

At opening establishments

6346136405234801.00.91.00.80.7

Gross job losses

3,4333,8303,7363,2744,6285.25.85.64.86.8

At contracting establishments

2,8253,2493,1522,7193,8634.34.94.74.05.7

At closing establishments

6085815845557650.90.90.90.81.1

Net employment change (2)

953491,1171,014211.60.11.71.50.1

Information

 

Gross job gains

2,5672,3982,8602,2302,9403.63.44.13.14.1

At expanding establishments

2,3412,0192,5251,9192,4843.32.93.62.73.5

At opening establishments

2263793353114560.30.50.50.40.6

Gross job losses

2,8072,6962,7522,6032,7924.03.83.93.73.9

At contracting establishments

2,3872,2662,3822,1572,4273.43.23.43.13.4

At closing establishments

4204303704463650.60.60.50.60.5

Net employment change (2)

-240-298108-373148-0.4-0.40.2-0.60.2

Financial activities

 

Gross job gains

7,9648,1758,6037,7619,0815.45.55.85.25.9

At expanding establishments

6,3126,1796,5396,0207,2174.34.24.44.04.7

At opening establishments

1,6521,9962,0641,7411,8641.11.31.41.21.2

Gross job losses

7,2137,2337,2387,6737,5554.94.94.85.15.0

At contracting establishments

5,5405,5735,2745,7035,3413.83.83.53.83.5

At closing establishments

1,6731,6601,9641,9702,2141.11.11.31.31.5

Net employment change (2)

7519421,365881,5260.50.61.00.10.9

Professional and business services

 

Gross job gains

29,90030,56329,99928,84429,1397.87.87.67.37.3

At expanding establishments

24,14924,63423,72022,09023,4126.36.36.05.65.9

At opening establishments

5,7515,9296,2796,7545,7271.51.51.61.71.4

Gross job losses

25,63525,62227,16927,76828,9986.76.66.97.07.3

At contracting establishments

19,65719,84620,08722,25721,9535.15.15.15.65.5

At closing establishments

5,9785,7767,0825,5117,0451.61.51.81.41.8

Net employment change (2)

4,2654,9412,8301,0761411.11.20.70.30.0

Education and health services

 

Gross job gains

14,31114,72314,60315,28514,9714.95.04.95.14.9

At expanding establishments

12,25812,73812,60812,92712,7954.24.34.24.34.2

At opening establishments

2,0531,9851,9952,3582,1760.70.70.70.80.7

Gross job losses

11,82410,46311,52611,26212,2754.13.63.83.74.0

At contracting establishments

9,4958,7799,3939,3989,8173.33.03.13.13.2

At closing establishments

2,3291,6842,1331,8642,4580.80.60.70.60.8

Net employment change (2)

2,4874,2603,0774,0232,6960.81.41.11.40.9

Leisure and hospitality

 

Gross job gains

31,15532,30228,83731,56432,01110.410.69.410.210.3

At expanding establishments

25,86425,90323,89125,87226,8328.68.57.88.48.6

At opening establishments

5,2916,3994,9465,6925,1791.82.11.61.81.7

Gross job losses

27,10528,94628,48227,15027,6129.09.59.38.88.9

At contracting establishments

23,35425,68724,42023,67423,3557.88.48.07.77.5

At closing establishments

3,7513,2594,0623,4764,2571.21.11.31.11.4

Net employment change (2)

4,0503,3563554,4144,3991.41.10.11.41.4

Other services (3)

 

Gross job gains

5,4355,5935,7965,2995,4778.08.18.37.57.8

At expanding establishments

4,3414,5834,7064,2114,2936.46.66.76.06.1

At opening establishments

1,0941,0101,0901,0881,1841.61.51.61.51.7

Gross job losses

4,4444,6735,0395,2605,0576.66.87.27.57.2

At contracting establishments

3,5873,8003,8814,2863,7955.35.55.56.15.4

At closing establishments

8578731,1589741,2621.31.31.71.41.8

Net employment change (2)

991920757394201.41.31.10.00.6

Footnotes:
(1) Includes unclassified sector not shown separately.
(2) The net employment change is the difference between total gross job gains and total gross job losses. See the Technical Note for further information.
(3) Except public administration.
 

Table 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of total employment by state, seasonally adjusted
CategoryGross job gains as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Gross job losses as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
June
2014
Sept.
2014
Dec.
2014
Mar.
2015
June
2015
June
2014
Sept.
2014
Dec.
2014
Mar.
2015
June
2015

United States (1)

6.56.36.65.96.45.85.85.75.75.7

Alabama

5.95.96.05.65.95.55.55.25.45.3

Alaska

10.89.510.610.410.611.010.410.49.210.8

Arizona

6.06.47.06.05.96.05.55.35.75.7

Arkansas

5.66.06.65.45.95.45.55.15.75.3

California

7.07.17.46.86.86.56.26.46.26.5

Colorado

7.27.37.06.97.06.16.16.16.16.4

Connecticut

5.75.25.44.85.84.95.35.25.14.8

Delaware

6.66.37.05.77.65.26.25.47.35.6

District of Columbia

6.35.75.55.56.25.65.45.35.45.4

Florida

7.27.37.16.36.96.26.16.05.65.9

Georgia

6.96.86.96.26.76.05.95.55.65.7

Hawaii

5.05.35.24.94.95.04.54.44.85.0

Idaho

7.77.58.09.17.57.97.37.07.07.1

Illinois

6.25.76.25.86.25.55.85.55.75.2

Indiana

5.95.46.35.35.75.05.35.05.35.1

Iowa

6.15.86.15.96.15.75.85.65.45.9

Kansas

6.15.76.25.76.05.65.85.45.85.8

Kentucky

6.26.26.65.56.45.65.55.36.05.5

Louisiana

6.66.86.86.16.36.55.95.86.76.8

Maine

7.86.77.26.58.06.57.07.27.06.4

Maryland

6.66.56.75.97.05.86.36.26.25.9

Massachusetts

6.35.76.05.16.35.35.55.25.45.0

Michigan

6.45.46.25.26.15.45.75.25.15.2

Minnesota

6.55.65.85.66.15.15.75.45.25.2

Mississippi

6.26.26.95.56.36.66.05.46.45.9

Missouri

6.05.76.35.66.05.35.75.15.45.2

Montana

8.28.18.59.18.07.78.18.07.28.4

Nebraska

6.16.06.26.15.95.95.75.65.65.7

Nevada

6.76.66.66.36.25.75.75.35.35.7

New Hampshire

6.95.96.95.76.86.16.36.05.75.9

New Jersey

7.06.36.95.87.15.96.46.26.05.9

New Mexico

6.86.67.26.46.76.26.16.16.56.8

New York

6.76.46.65.96.75.86.05.85.95.8

North Carolina

6.46.26.55.96.45.65.75.45.75.4

North Dakota

7.68.28.77.16.77.06.96.78.711.3

Ohio

6.15.56.15.46.05.25.55.15.65.3

Oklahoma

6.36.26.75.76.06.05.65.56.16.5

Oregon

6.97.07.16.96.96.46.26.35.76.1

Pennsylvania

5.65.25.64.95.64.85.14.95.24.9

Rhode Island

6.55.96.45.36.65.55.85.65.85.8

South Carolina

6.46.06.85.76.55.85.85.05.55.6

South Dakota

6.46.26.36.36.36.05.95.85.75.9

Tennessee

5.75.76.25.25.95.15.04.85.24.8

Texas

6.06.16.45.86.04.95.15.05.75.5

Utah

7.17.17.27.36.96.76.05.85.96.1

Vermont

7.36.97.56.87.36.97.36.76.87.0

Virginia

6.25.65.86.06.45.75.85.55.65.4

Washington

7.47.16.96.77.26.46.26.15.65.8

West Virginia

6.66.26.66.06.36.46.56.06.76.6

Wisconsin

5.85.55.85.45.75.05.65.25.15.2

Wyoming

8.78.39.38.97.88.38.58.08.910.9

Puerto Rico

5.55.66.45.35.86.36.04.96.46.8

Virgin Islands

6.26.66.25.56.36.35.65.65.96.7

Footnotes
(1) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.
 

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, February 10, 2016