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News Release Information

16-1050-KAN
Tuesday, May 24, 2016

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (816) 285-7000

Business Employment Dynamics in Utah – Third Quarter 2015

From June 2015 to September 2015 gross job gains in private sector establishments in Utah totaled 78,335, while gross job losses numbered 67,127, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 11,208. Regional Commissioner Stanley W. Suchman noted that gross jobs gains exceeded gross job losses by 8,341 during the previous quarter.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. Business Employment Dynamics (BED) statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses is the net change in employment. (See the Technical Note for more information.)

Gross job gains in Utah increased by 1,141 from June 2015 to September 2015 and have been above 70,000 in each of the past 12 quarters. Gross job losses declined by 1,726 in the 3-months ended in September 2015 after increasing in the previous two quarters. Since the quarter ended in December 2009, gross job losses have been below 70,000 with one exception. (See chart 1.) 

Gross job gains represented 7.0 percent of private sector employment in Utah in the quarter ended September 2015, while nationally gross job gains accounted for 6.1 percent of private sector employment. (See chart 2.) The rate of gross job gains in Utah has been above the U.S. rate in each quarter since data were first published in 1992, with the exception of the fourth quarter of 1997 when Utah’s rate matched the national rate. The rate of gross job losses in Utah has generally exceeded the U.S. rate each quarter since December 1995.

During the third quarter of 2015, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses in 10 of the 11 industry sectors in Utah. For example, within education and health services, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 3,047. While 9,331 jobs in the industry were created by opening and expanding establishments, 6,284 jobs were lost in closing and contracting establishments in the 3 months ended in September 2015. In retail trade, 10,764 jobs were created in opening and expanding establishments and 8,736 jobs were lost in closing and contracting establishments. Gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by more than 1,000 in three additional industry sectors—leisure and hospitality (1,911), professional and business services (1,240), and financial activities (1,094). (See table 1.)

In contrast, gross job losses exceeded gross job gains in the other services sector during the third quarter of 2015. The 2,535 jobs lost in contracting and closing establishments offset the 2,441 jobs created in expanding and opening establishments.

For More Information

BED data for the states have been included in table 2 of this release. For more information on the Business Employment Dynamics data, visit the BED web site at www.bls.gov/bdm/.

The Business Employment Dynamics for Fourth Quarter 2015 are scheduled to be released on Wednesday, July 27, 2016 at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).


Technical Note

The Business Employment Dynamics (BED) data are a product of a federal-state cooperative program known as Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW), or the ES-202 program. The BED data are compiled from existing quarterly QCEW records. The QCEW reports are sent by the State Employment Security Agencies (SESAs) to BLS and form the basis of the Bureau’s QCEW program and establishment universe sampling frame. These reports are also used to produce the QCEW data on total employment and wages. Other important Bureau uses of the QCEW reports are in the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program. The CES program produces monthly estimates of employment, net changes, and earnings by detailed industry.

In the BED program, the QCEW records are linked across quarters to provide a longitudinal history for each establishment. The linkage process allows the tracking of net employment changes at the establishment level, which in turn allows the estimation of jobs gained at opening and expanding establishments and jobs lost at closing and contracting establishments.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. BED statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross jobs gained and the number of gross jobs lost is the net change in employment.

Gross job gains and gross job losses are expressed as rates by dividing their levels by the average of employment in the current and previous quarters. The rates are calculated for the components of gross job gains and gross job losses and then summed to form their respective totals. These rates can be added and subtracted just as their levels can. For instance, the difference between the gross job gains rate and the gross job losses rate is the net growth rate.

The formal definitions of employment changes are as follows:

Openings.  These are either establishments with positive third month employment for the first time in the current quarter, with no links to the prior quarter, or with positive third month employment in the current quarter following zero employment in the previous quarter.

Expansions.  These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net increase in employment over this period.

Closings.  These are either establishments with positive third month employment in the previous quarter, with no employment or zero employment reported in the current quarter.

Contractions.  These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net decrease in employment over this period.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 800-877-8339.

Table 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses by industry, Utah, seasonally adjusted
CategoryGross job gains and job losses
(3 months ended)
Gross job gains and job losses
as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Sept.
2014
Dec.
2014
Mar.
2015
June
2015
Sept.
2015
Sept.
2014
Dec.
2014
Mar.
2015
June
2015
Sept.
2015

Total private (1)

 

Gross job gains

76,79677,68881,50877,19478,3357.17.27.36.97.0

At expanding establishments

63,69262,89767,99763,22364,2275.95.86.15.75.7

At opening establishments

13,10414,79113,51113,97114,1081.21.41.21.21.3

Gross job losses

64,82763,74764,83068,85367,1276.05.85.96.15.9

At contracting establishments

53,04252,50654,12557,14454,1974.94.84.95.14.8

At closing establishments

11,78511,24110,70511,70912,9301.11.01.01.01.1

Net employment change (2)

11,96913,94116,6788,34111,2081.11.41.40.81.1

Construction

 

Gross job gains

8,5339,2899,8508,6748,35010.911.611.710.210.0

At expanding establishments

6,8827,3678,3027,0616,7938.89.29.98.38.1

At opening establishments

1,6511,9221,5481,6131,5572.12.41.81.91.9

Gross job losses

8,0066,7897,2738,0297,93710.38.58.79.59.4

At contracting establishments

6,3155,6096,0046,3956,1598.17.07.27.67.3

At closing establishments

1,6911,1801,2691,6341,7782.21.51.51.92.1

Net employment change (2)

5272,5002,5776454130.63.13.00.70.6

Manufacturing

 

Gross job gains

4,1084,0795,1664,4874,2163.53.44.23.63.4

At expanding establishments

3,6863,7384,6344,0943,7133.13.13.83.33.0

At opening establishments

4223415323935030.40.30.40.30.4

Gross job losses

4,0583,8703,6963,8484,0793.43.23.03.23.3

At contracting establishments

3,6113,4693,2893,5183,5003.02.92.72.92.8

At closing establishments

4474014073305790.40.30.30.30.5

Net employment change (2)

502091,4706391370.10.21.20.40.1

Wholesale trade

 

Gross job gains

2,4912,8892,3322,6942,5915.15.94.75.35.2

At expanding establishments

2,0002,2711,9702,1212,0944.14.64.04.24.2

At opening establishments

4916183625734971.01.30.71.11.0

Gross job losses

2,0641,9542,1172,1822,3134.33.94.34.44.6

At contracting establishments

1,6821,4971,6421,7891,8523.53.03.33.63.7

At closing establishments

3824574753934610.80.91.00.80.9

Net employment change (2)

4279352155122780.82.00.40.90.6

Retail trade

 

Gross job gains

10,2909,77311,7829,55210,7646.76.47.66.16.8

At expanding establishments

8,7048,40110,4578,1779,0185.75.56.75.25.7

At opening establishments

1,5861,3721,3251,3751,7461.00.90.90.91.1

Gross job losses

8,6819,1538,5308,2348,7365.76.05.55.25.5

At contracting establishments

7,3238,0797,4117,0797,3444.85.34.84.54.6

At closing establishments

1,3581,0741,1191,1551,3920.90.70.70.70.9

Net employment change (2)

1,6096203,2521,3182,0281.00.42.10.91.3

Transportation and warehousing

 

Gross job gains

2,3333,4423,5102,3343,0025.17.37.24.86.1

At expanding establishments

1,9813,1523,2242,0162,5944.36.76.64.15.3

At opening establishments

3522902863184080.80.60.60.70.8

Gross job losses

2,2242,2402,2112,8962,2104.84.84.55.94.5

At contracting establishments

1,9292,0231,9192,5971,8344.24.33.95.33.7

At closing establishments

2952172922993760.60.50.60.60.8

Net employment change (2)

1091,2021,299-5627920.32.52.7-1.11.6

Information

 

Gross job gains

2,4042,2332,0342,1792,4667.56.96.36.77.3

At expanding establishments

2,0211,8771,7441,7361,8856.35.85.45.35.6

At opening establishments

3833562904435811.21.10.91.41.7

Gross job losses

1,8791,7631,7271,7971,7295.95.45.45.55.2

At contracting establishments

1,5381,5291,3811,3311,3404.84.74.34.14.0

At closing establishments

3412343464663891.10.71.11.41.2

Net employment change (2)

5254703073827371.61.50.91.22.1

Financial activities

 

Gross job gains

4,7964,6894,8795,1504,6036.46.26.36.55.8

At expanding establishments

3,6833,4083,7424,1023,7014.94.54.85.24.7

At opening establishments

1,1131,2811,1371,0489021.51.71.51.31.1

Gross job losses

3,5503,5033,5233,7573,5094.74.64.54.84.4

At contracting establishments

2,6782,5142,6642,8522,6943.53.33.43.63.4

At closing establishments

8729898599058151.21.31.11.21.0

Net employment change (2)

1,2461,1861,3561,3931,0941.71.61.81.71.4

Professional and business services

 

Gross job gains

15,80616,28315,24816,09915,7418.78.78.18.48.2

At expanding establishments

13,10312,74512,29112,91212,7147.26.86.56.76.6

At opening establishments

2,7033,5382,9573,1873,0271.51.91.61.71.6

Gross job losses

12,66212,70614,10613,86914,5016.96.87.57.27.5

At contracting establishments

10,1529,97711,29710,90711,1675.55.36.05.75.8

At closing establishments

2,5102,7292,8092,9623,3341.41.51.51.51.7

Net employment change (2)

3,1443,5771,1422,2301,2401.81.90.61.20.7

Education and health services

 

Gross job gains

8,4468,3688,2528,7149,3315.45.25.05.35.6

At expanding establishments

7,0896,7446,3967,1737,6044.54.23.94.44.6

At opening establishments

1,3571,6241,8561,5411,7270.91.01.10.91.0

Gross job losses

5,9626,1995,8617,1096,2843.73.83.64.33.8

At contracting establishments

4,8144,8324,9405,7924,7983.03.03.03.52.9

At closing establishments

1,1481,3679211,3171,4860.70.80.60.80.9

Net employment change (2)

2,4842,1692,3911,6053,0471.71.41.41.01.8

Leisure and hospitality

 

Gross job gains

13,45712,67014,20713,26713,59110.49.710.89.910.1

At expanding establishments

11,21810,20211,75710,84311,3318.77.88.98.18.4

At opening establishments

2,2392,4682,4502,4242,2601.71.91.91.81.7

Gross job losses

11,77311,90911,77311,78711,6809.19.18.98.88.6

At contracting establishments

9,81910,07310,31710,47510,1317.67.77.87.87.5

At closing establishments

1,9541,8361,4561,3121,5491.51.41.11.01.1

Net employment change (2)

1,6847612,4341,4801,9111.30.61.91.11.5

Other services (3)

 

Gross job gains

2,4952,4002,8232,8142,4417.97.68.88.67.5

At expanding establishments

2,0241,8552,3392,0881,9116.45.97.36.45.9

At opening establishments

4715454847265301.51.71.52.21.6

Gross job losses

2,4222,1782,1063,0642,5357.76.86.59.57.8

At contracting establishments

1,8511,6291,5952,6212,0175.95.14.98.16.2

At closing establishments

5715495114435181.81.71.61.41.6

Net employment change (2)

73222717-250-940.20.82.3-0.9-0.3

Footnotes:
(1) Includes unclassified sector not shown separately.
(2) The net employment change is the difference between total gross job gains and total gross job losses. See the Technical Note for further information.
(3) Except public administration.
 

Table 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of total employment by state, seasonally adjusted
CategoryGross job gains as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Gross job losses as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Sept.
2014
Dec.
2014
Mar.
2015
June
2015
Sept.
2015
Sept.
2014
Dec.
2014
Mar.
2015
June
2015
Sept.
2015

United States (1)

6.36.65.96.46.15.85.75.75.75.8

Alabama

5.96.05.65.95.85.55.25.45.35.6

Alaska

9.510.610.410.69.010.410.49.210.810.2

Arizona

6.47.06.05.96.85.55.35.75.75.4

Arkansas

6.06.65.45.96.15.55.15.75.35.2

California

7.17.46.86.86.96.26.46.26.55.8

Colorado

7.37.06.97.07.16.16.16.16.46.4

Connecticut

5.25.44.85.85.15.35.25.14.85.8

Delaware

6.37.05.77.66.16.25.47.35.66.1

District of Columbia

5.75.55.56.26.25.45.35.45.45.5

Florida

7.37.16.36.96.86.16.05.65.95.8

Georgia

6.86.96.26.76.55.95.55.65.75.9

Hawaii

5.35.24.94.95.14.54.44.85.04.8

Idaho

7.58.09.17.57.87.37.07.07.17.1

Illinois

5.76.25.86.25.45.85.55.75.25.7

Indiana

5.46.35.35.75.45.35.05.35.15.3

Iowa

5.86.15.96.15.65.85.65.45.96.0

Kansas

5.76.25.76.05.75.85.45.85.85.7

Kentucky

6.26.65.56.46.05.55.36.05.55.6

Louisiana

6.86.86.16.36.25.95.86.76.86.2

Maine

6.77.26.58.06.57.07.27.06.47.1

Maryland

6.56.75.97.06.56.36.26.25.96.3

Massachusetts

5.76.05.16.35.45.55.25.45.05.6

Michigan

5.46.25.26.15.45.75.25.15.25.7

Minnesota

5.65.85.66.15.45.75.45.25.25.9

Mississippi

6.26.95.56.36.26.05.46.45.95.8

Missouri

5.76.35.66.05.75.75.15.45.25.5

Montana

8.18.59.18.07.68.18.07.28.47.7

Nebraska

6.06.26.15.96.05.75.65.65.75.5

Nevada

6.66.66.36.26.25.75.35.35.75.3

New Hampshire

5.96.95.76.86.06.36.05.75.96.3

New Jersey

6.36.95.87.16.36.46.26.05.96.1

New Mexico

6.67.26.46.76.56.16.16.56.86.5

New York

6.46.65.96.76.36.05.85.95.86.0

North Carolina

6.26.55.96.46.15.75.45.75.45.6

North Dakota

8.28.77.16.77.16.96.78.711.38.5

Ohio

5.56.15.46.05.45.55.15.65.35.6

Oklahoma

6.26.75.76.06.05.65.56.16.56.1

Oregon

7.07.16.96.97.06.26.35.76.16.4

Pennsylvania

5.25.64.95.65.25.14.95.24.95.2

Rhode Island

5.96.45.36.65.85.85.65.85.85.7

South Carolina

6.06.85.76.56.25.85.05.55.65.8

South Dakota

6.26.36.36.35.95.95.85.75.96.1

Tennessee

5.76.25.25.95.85.04.85.24.85.1

Texas

6.16.45.86.05.95.15.05.75.55.5

Utah

7.17.27.36.97.06.05.85.96.15.9

Vermont

6.97.56.87.36.97.36.76.87.07.6

Virginia

5.65.86.06.46.95.85.55.65.45.9

Washington

7.16.96.77.26.56.26.15.65.86.7

West Virginia

6.26.66.06.35.86.56.06.76.66.8

Wisconsin

5.55.85.45.75.55.65.25.15.25.6

Wyoming

8.39.38.97.88.38.58.08.910.98.7

Puerto Rico

5.66.45.35.86.26.04.96.46.86.3

Virgin Islands

6.66.25.56.35.85.65.65.96.77.4

Footnotes
(1) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.
 

 

Last Modified Date: Tuesday, May 24, 2016