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News Release Information

16-100-KAN
Wednesday, January 20, 2016

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Technical information:
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Consumer Price Index, Denver-Boulder-Greeley – Second Half 2015

Prices increased 1.4 percent from the second half of 2014 to the second half of 2015

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) for the Denver-Boulder-Greeley, Colo., metropolitan area increased 1.4 percent from the second half of 2014 to the second half of 2015, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Stanley W. Suchman noted that higher costs for shelter (5.8 percent) were largely responsible for the overall increase. Costs for energy fell 19.0 percent, food prices were unchanged, and the all items less food and energy index advanced 3.5 percent.

Food

Food prices were unchanged from the second half of 2014 to the second half of 2015, compared to a 3.3-percent gain in the same period one year ago. Prices for food at home declined 1.4 percent while costs for food away from home rose 1.2 percent over the year. Comparatively, these indexes rose 3.5 and 3.8 percent, respectively, from the second half of 2013 to the second half of 2014.

Energy

The energy index, which includes motor fuel and household fuels, decreased 19.0 percent from the second half of 2014 to the second half of 2015, following an increase of 0.3 percent in the same period one year ago. Falling prices for motor fuel (-26.0 percent), all of which occurred in the first half of the period, were largely responsible for the decline in the energy component. Lower prices for utility (piped) gas service (-18.9 percent) and electricity (-2.9 percent) also contributed to the decrease. During the same period one year ago, motor fuel costs declined 3.1 percent, while the indexes for utility (piped) gas service and electricity rose 5.8 and 3.8 percent, respectively.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy rose 3.5 percent from the second half of 2014 to the second half of 2015. Shelter costs had the greatest upward impact with an increase of 5.8 percent after rising 5.1 percent in the same period one year ago. Other expenditure categories that registered higher prices over the year included medical care (4.2 percent) and recreation (5.0 percent).

The Denver CPI-U stood at 241.895 for the second half of 2015. This means that a market basket of goods and services that cost $100.00 in the 1982-84 base period cost $241.90 in the second half of 2015. Because metropolitan area CPI data are not adjusted for seasonal price variation, consumers and businesses should be cautious in drawing conclusions about long-term retail price trends from short-term changes in the area indexes.

CPI-W

The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) for the Denver-Boulder-Greeley, Colo., metropolitan area for the second half of 2015 was 231.675. The CPI-W increased 1.1 percent from the second half of 2014 to the second half of 2015.

The Consumer Price Index for the First Half of 2016 is scheduled to be released on July 15, 2016.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 89 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers 28 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 24,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between areas; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Denver-Boulder-Greeley, Colo., Metropolitan Statistical Area includes Adams, Arapahoe, Boulder, Broomfield, Denver, Douglas, Jefferson, and Weld Counties in Colorado.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon requestVoice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes for semiannual averages and percent changes for selected periods

Denver-Boulder-Greeley, CO (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

 
Semiannual average indexes
 
Percent change to
2nd half 2015 from-
2nd half
2014
1st half
2015
2nd half
2015
2nd half
2014
1st half
2015

Expenditure category

 
 

All Items

238.664238.086241.8951.41.6

All items (1967=100)

795.845793.916806.620  

Food and beverages

223.174223.736223.3700.1-0.2

Food

226.578227.437226.6520.0-0.3

Food at home

225.387225.198222.298-1.4-1.3

Food away from home

229.736230.357232.4021.20.9

Alcoholic beverages

195.977193.601197.3870.72.0

Housing

223.700227.027232.1143.82.2

Shelter

250.116256.699264.6995.83.1

Rent of primary residence (1)

256.586263.978275.1477.24.2

Owners' equiv. rent of residences (1) (2)

242.477249.324257.6466.33.3

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence (1) (2)

242.477249.324257.6466.33.3

Fuels and utilities

233.732224.182221.903-5.1-1.0

Household energy

177.010163.302160.921-9.1-1.5

Energy services (1)

175.496161.987160.042-8.8-1.2

Electricity (1)

172.524165.588167.545-2.91.2

Utility (piped) gas service (1)

182.430156.912147.891-18.9-5.7

Household furnishings and operations

118.731116.980114.043-3.9-2.5

Apparel

103.888101.779104.5770.72.7

Transportation

260.907239.740242.150-7.21.0

Private transportation

259.152234.482236.896-8.61.0

Motor fuel

268.803191.159198.994-26.04.1

Gasoline (all types)

266.547189.438197.606-25.94.3

Gasoline, unleaded regular (3)

262.312185.042192.417-26.64.0

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade (3) (4)

252.546184.452193.115-23.54.7

Gasoline, unleaded premium (3)

271.542200.148212.432-21.86.1

Medical Care

511.545523.475532.9654.21.8

Recreation (5)

147.098150.109154.5265.02.9

Education and communication (5)

126.711125.479126.8240.11.1

Other goods and services

347.705353.874355.0562.10.3
 

Commodity and Service Group

 
 

All Items

238.664238.086241.8951.41.6

Commodities

174.699168.205168.810-3.40.4

Commodities less food & beverages

149.448139.787140.834-5.80.7

Nondurables less food & beverages

185.233166.570169.035-8.71.5

Durables

113.476112.378112.089-1.2-0.3

Services

294.263298.921305.5483.82.2
 

Special aggregate indexes:

 
 

All items less medical care

226.015224.936228.4941.11.6

All items less shelter

233.805229.694231.356-1.00.7

Commodities less food

151.230141.870143.028-5.40.8

Nondurables

204.780195.445196.532-4.00.6

Nondurables less food

185.387168.089170.651-7.91.5

Services less rent of shelter (2)

357.814359.477363.4031.61.1

Services less medical care services

276.026280.183286.6693.92.3

Energy

217.229173.338175.870-19.01.5

All items less energy

241.721245.099249.0433.01.6

All items less food and energy

245.099248.932253.7223.51.9

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a November 1982=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
 

Table 2. Consumer Price Index for Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): Indexes for semiannual averages and percent changes for selected periods

Denver-Boulder-Greeley, CO (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

 
Semiannual average indexes
 
Percent change to
2nd half 2015 from-
2nd half
2014
1st half
2015
2nd half
2015
2nd half
2014
1st half
2015

Expenditure category

 
 

All Items

229.076228.062231.6751.11.6

All items (1967=100)

762.485759.109771.137  

Food and beverages

225.152225.857225.3730.1-0.2

Food

228.731229.713228.7950.0-0.4

Food at home

226.858226.747224.207-1.2-1.1

Food away from home

233.504234.344236.2131.20.8

Alcoholic beverages

200.360198.053202.3381.02.2

Housing

217.263220.659226.2044.12.5

Shelter

238.947245.452253.5826.13.3

Rent of primary residence (1)

256.586263.978275.1477.24.2

Owners' equiv. rent of residences (1) (2)

226.363232.756240.5256.33.3

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence (1) (2)

226.363232.756240.5256.33.3

Fuels and utilities

228.105218.298216.056-5.3-1.0

Household energy

175.661162.113159.779-9.0-1.4

Energy services (1)

175.737162.273160.363-8.7-1.2

Electricity (1)

172.523165.588167.545-2.91.2

Utility (piped) gas service (1)

182.432156.913147.892-18.9-5.7

Household furnishings and operations

123.579122.311120.165-2.8-1.8

Apparel

102.960103.568105.8432.82.2

Transportation

258.194237.593240.115-7.01.1

Private transportation

255.904233.395235.939-7.81.1

Motor fuel

268.753191.164198.859-26.04.0

Gasoline (all types)

266.544189.435197.604-25.94.3

Gasoline, unleaded regular (3)

262.317185.046192.420-26.64.0

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade (3) (4)

252.546184.452193.115-23.54.7

Gasoline, unleaded premium (3)

271.580200.176212.461-21.86.1

Medical Care

515.270528.232538.3754.51.9

Recreation (5)

128.808131.437133.5313.71.6

Education and communication (5)

121.620120.030120.542-0.90.4

Other goods and services

350.249355.562358.2402.30.8
 

Commodity and Service Group

 
 

All Items

229.076228.062231.6751.11.6

Commodities

179.077171.958172.768-3.50.5

Commodities less food & beverages

152.822142.398143.769-5.91.0

Nondurables less food & beverages

195.966173.559176.936-9.71.9

Durables

109.471109.328109.004-0.4-0.3

Services

280.205284.683290.9213.82.2
 

Special aggregate indexes:

 
 

All items less medical care

218.126216.676220.0560.91.6

All items less shelter

227.131222.286223.574-1.60.6

Commodities less food

154.258144.142145.615-5.61.0

Nondurables

214.047202.865204.355-4.50.7

Nondurables less food

195.513174.686178.118-8.92.0

Services less rent of shelter (2)

323.152324.030326.2721.00.7

Services less medical care services

262.713266.698272.7413.82.3

Energy

223.922178.354180.985-19.21.5

All items less energy

230.414234.073237.8023.21.6

All items less food and energy

231.297235.439240.0023.81.9

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a November 1984=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
 

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, January 20, 2016