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News Release Information

16-756-KAN
Thursday, April 14, 2016

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Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (816) 285-7000

Consumer Price Index, Midwest Region – March 2016

Prices in the Midwest up 0.6 percent in March and 0.5 percent higher over the year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) in the Midwest rose 0.6 percent in March, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. The monthly advance was largely attributable to a 20.2-percent increase in motor fuel prices. The broader energy index was 7.7 percent higher over the month. Food prices declined 0.4 percent while the index for all items less food and energy was up 0.3 percent. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

The CPI-U for the Midwest advanced 0.5 percent from March 2015 to March 2016. (See chart 1 and table A.) The energy index, which includes motor fuel and household fuels, fell 11.6 percent, but prices for food were up 0.6 percent. Excluding food and energy, the CPI-U rose 1.7 percent over the year. (See table 1.)

Food

Food prices in the Midwest declined 0.4 percent in March. The index for food at home decreased 0.9 percent while costs for food away from home were up 0.3 percent.  

From March 2015 to March 2016, the index for food advanced 0.6 percent. Rising costs for food away from home (2.5 percent) were responsible for the yearly advance. Prices for food at home registered their sixth consecutive over-the-year decline, down 0.6 percent since March 2015. 

Energy

The energy index turned up 7.7 percent in March following eight consecutive monthly declines and had the greatest upward impact on the all items index. The increase in energy costs was mainly attributable to a 20.2-percent advance in motor fuel prices, the largest one-month gain since June 2000. Costs for electricity registered little movement (0.1 percent) and prices for utility (piped) gas service were 1.3 percent lower over the month.

Despite the monthly advance, energy prices fell 11.6 percent from March 2015 to March 2016. Prices for motor fuel and utility (piped) gas service were down 18.9 and 14.4 percent, respectively. Costs for electricity were 0.4 percent higher over the year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy for the Midwest rose 0.3 percent in March. Expenditure categories registering higher prices over the month included shelter (0.2 percent), used cars and trucks (1.5 percent), medical care services (0.3 percent), and recreation (0.4 percent).

The index for all items less food and energy was up 1.7 percent from March 2015 to March 2016. A 2.6-percent rise in shelter costs led the advance. Prices for medical care services had the next largest upward impact with a 3.7-percent increase.

The Midwest Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) stood at 224.621 in March 2016. A typical market basket of goods and services that cost $100.00 in the 1982-84 base period cost $224.62 in March 2016.

CPI-W

In March, the Midwest Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) was 218.761, up 0.8 percent over the month. The CPI-W increased 0.1 percent over the year.

Table A. Midwest region CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month20122013201420152016
1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month

January

0.62.80.11.30.51.4-0.6-0.30.30.8

February

0.22.71.12.20.60.90.3-0.50.00.4

March

1.02.80.21.40.91.50.6-0.90.60.5

April

0.22.3-0.11.20.31.90.1-1.1  

May

-0.11.50.51.80.21.60.4-0.8  

June

-0.11.40.32.20.51.70.5-0.7  

July

0.01.3-0.41.8-0.31.80.0-0.5  

August

0.71.80.11.2-0.21.60.0-0.3  

September

0.31.90.11.00.11.6-0.3-0.8  

October

-0.32.2-0.50.8-0.51.6-0.1-0.3  

November

-0.41.8-0.21.0-0.61.2-0.5-0.2  

December

-0.21.8-0.21.0-0.70.7-0.60.0  

The April 2016 Consumer Price Index for the Midwest region is scheduled to be released on Tuesday, May 17, 2016.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 89 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 28 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 24,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between areas; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Midwest region is comprised of Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

Midwest (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

 
Indexes
 
Percent change from-
Jan.
2016
Feb.
2016
Mar.
2016
Mar.
2015
Jan.
2016
Feb.
2016

Expenditure category

 
 

All Items

223.301223.196224.6210.50.60.6

All items (December 1977=100)

363.324363.153365.470   

Food and beverages

241.228240.839240.0000.7-0.5-0.3

Food

240.910240.425239.4940.6-0.6-0.4

Food at home

230.695229.779227.791-0.6-1.3-0.9

Food away from home

257.959258.214259.0912.50.40.3

Alcoholic beverages

243.266244.264244.7571.10.60.2

Housing

213.978214.511214.9481.60.50.2

Shelter

252.717253.512254.0792.60.50.2

Rent of primary residence (1)

251.478252.375252.5352.70.40.1

Owners' equiv. rent of residences (1) (2)

256.205256.960257.3222.50.40.1

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence (1) (2)

256.195256.948257.3092.50.40.1

Fuels and utilities

209.516209.027209.184-2.7-0.20.1

Household energy

171.981171.352170.820-4.8-0.7-0.3

Energy services (1)

179.413178.723178.097-4.2-0.7-0.4

Electricity (1)

197.846196.735196.8550.4-0.50.1

Utility (piped) gas service (1)

138.180138.218136.418-14.4-1.3-1.3

Household furnishings and operations

114.861115.264115.511-0.20.60.2

Apparel

115.113117.623117.964-1.02.50.3

Transportation

185.470182.112188.629-4.21.73.6

Private transportation

179.619176.285182.902-4.41.83.8

New and used motor vehicles (3)

98.59299.06399.422-0.30.80.4

New vehicles

141.020141.195140.696-0.1-0.2-0.4

New cars and trucks (3) (4)

99.78699.91199.453-0.2-0.3-0.5

New cars (4)

137.361137.367136.600-0.6-0.6-0.6

Used cars and trucks

142.892144.399146.614-0.42.61.5

Motor fuel

165.273146.354175.857-18.96.420.2

Gasoline (all types)

164.221145.296174.991-18.76.620.4

Gasoline, unleaded regular (4)

158.679139.779169.684-19.86.921.4

Gasoline, Unleaded midgrade (4) (5)

193.684174.959206.842-15.46.818.2

Gasoline, unleaded premium (4)

189.455171.411196.600-12.33.814.7

Medical Care

460.482462.960464.1653.40.80.3

Medical care commodities

372.142375.338375.4632.20.90.0

Medical care services

490.115492.328493.9133.70.80.3

Professional services

398.690399.648400.0453.30.30.1

Recreation (3)

117.035117.977118.4230.51.20.4

Education and communication (3)

140.759140.329140.3050.3-0.30.0

Other goods and services

404.001405.629406.8101.80.70.3
 

Commodity and Service Group

 
 

All Items

223.301223.196224.6210.50.60.6

Commodities

173.702172.721174.833-1.90.71.2

Commodities less food & beverages

141.346140.158143.386-3.71.42.3

Nondurables less food & beverages

176.365173.387180.382-5.22.34.0

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

216.630210.121221.418-6.62.25.4

Durables

105.740105.962106.174-1.20.40.2

Services

274.459275.247275.9732.00.60.3

Rent of shelter (2)

259.585260.370260.9982.60.50.2

Transportation services

295.273295.789296.6991.80.50.3

Other services

329.565330.888332.0581.70.80.4
 

Special aggregate indexes:

 
 

All items less medical care

212.075211.847213.2820.20.60.7

All items less food

220.340220.295222.0950.40.80.8

All items less shelter

214.900214.473216.216-0.40.60.8

Commodities less food

144.511143.374146.546-3.51.42.2

Nondurables

208.046206.289209.582-2.10.71.6

Nondurables less food

179.932177.175183.807-4.82.23.7

Nondurables less food and apparel

217.696211.880222.168-5.92.14.9

Services less rent of shelter (2)

306.664307.502308.3761.50.60.3

Services less medical care services

258.377259.060259.7221.80.50.3

Energy

169.831161.307173.728-11.62.37.7

All items less energy

231.350232.074232.4311.60.50.2

All items less food and energy

230.318231.263231.8551.70.70.3

Commodities less food and energy commodities

144.964145.862146.051-0.40.70.1

Energy commodities

165.933147.858176.121-19.06.119.1

Services less energy services

286.596287.547288.4212.50.60.3

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
 

Regions defined as the four Census regions. Midwest includes Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.
 

Table 2. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

Midwest (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

 
Indexes
 
Percent change from-
Jan.
2016
Feb.
2016
Mar.
2016
Mar.
2015
Jan.
2016
Feb.
2016

Expenditure category

 
 

All Items

217.406217.002218.7610.10.60.8

All items (December 1977=100)

351.594350.941353.785   

Food and beverages

241.307240.951239.9890.5-0.5-0.4

Food

241.015240.570239.5130.4-0.6-0.4

Food at home

231.145230.355228.384-0.7-1.2-0.9

Food away from home

259.032259.306260.1462.50.40.3

Alcoholic beverages

244.304245.408245.9961.40.70.2

Housing

208.964209.482209.8591.50.40.2

Shelter

241.844242.636243.0862.50.50.2

Rent of primary residence (1)

252.081252.973253.1452.70.40.1

Owners' equiv. rent of residences (1) (2)

238.818239.532239.8622.50.40.1

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence (1) (2)

238.820239.534239.8612.50.40.1

Fuels and utilities

210.607210.129210.408-2.6-0.10.1

Household energy

172.874172.252171.760-4.6-0.6-0.3

Energy services (1)

178.924178.226177.673-4.0-0.7-0.3

Electricity (1)

196.188195.083195.3350.4-0.40.1

Utility (piped) gas service (1)

139.096139.151137.209-14.4-1.4-1.4

Household furnishings and operations

113.211113.594113.835-0.30.60.2

Apparel

113.929115.258115.538-1.71.40.2

Transportation

181.247177.526185.173-4.92.24.3

Private transportation

177.641173.913181.634-5.12.24.4

New and used motor vehicles (3)

98.09998.84199.477-0.21.40.6

New vehicles

144.190144.582144.2130.10.0-0.3

Used cars and trucks

143.507145.015147.239-0.42.61.5

Motor fuel

165.692146.423176.242-19.06.420.4

Gasoline (all types)

164.562145.317175.295-18.86.520.6

Gasoline, unleaded regular (4)

158.866139.683169.849-19.96.921.6

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade (4) (5)

193.747174.560206.631-15.56.618.4

Gasoline, unleaded premium (4)

189.441171.138196.371-12.43.714.7

Medical Care

466.316468.582469.9813.40.80.3

Medical care commodities

366.005369.033369.1532.30.90.0

Medical care services

497.385499.356501.1983.80.80.4

Professional services

401.087402.160402.5413.60.40.1

Recreation (3)

113.315114.165114.7330.21.30.5

Education and communication (3)

132.671132.209132.2920.2-0.30.1

Other goods and services

450.972451.919453.0422.40.50.2
 

Commodity and Service Group

 
 

All Items

217.406217.002218.7610.10.60.8

Commodities

175.493173.990176.830-2.20.81.6

Commodities less food & beverages

144.058142.150146.399-4.11.63.0

Nondurables less food & beverages

181.446176.450185.478-6.12.25.1

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

223.470214.891228.936-7.42.46.5

Durables

107.546107.992108.512-1.00.90.5

Services

267.013267.765268.4191.90.50.2

Rent of shelter (2)

240.189240.957241.4332.60.50.2

Transportation services

295.558296.807297.0992.20.50.1

Other services

305.329306.217307.4781.40.70.4
 

Special aggregate indexes:

 
 

All items less medical care

207.866207.359209.132-0.10.60.9

All items less food

212.896212.501214.7050.00.81.0

All items less shelter

211.060210.225212.470-0.80.71.1

Commodities less food

147.024145.173149.361-3.91.62.9

Nondurables

211.209208.398212.709-2.60.72.1

Nondurables less food

184.632179.937188.549-5.72.14.8

Nondurables less food and apparel

223.618215.824228.765-6.72.36.0

Services less rent of shelter (2)

271.488272.155272.9411.30.50.3

Services less medical care services

251.781252.456253.0361.70.50.2

Energy

168.830159.565173.126-12.02.58.5

All items less energy

225.128225.775226.1451.50.50.2

All items less food and energy

222.160223.008223.6441.70.70.3

Commodities less food and energy commodities

148.090148.833149.248-0.20.80.3

Energy commodities

166.562148.184176.686-19.16.119.2

Services less energy services

278.666279.597280.4012.50.60.3

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a December 1984=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
 

Regions defined as the four Census regions. Midwest includes Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.
 

 

Last Modified Date: Thursday, April 14, 2016