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errata

Incorrect prices for prescription drugs were used for the CPI-U and CPI-W indexes from May through August 2016 in a number of areas. Several indexes were affected, including the all items and medical care indexes. A list of the series affected can be found at www.bls.gov/bls/errata/cpi-price-corrections-10182016.htm, and the corrected data are available in the CPI database (www.bls.gov/cpi/data.htm).

News Release Information

16-1213-KAN
Thursday, June 16, 2016

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (816) 285-7000

Consumer Price Index, Midwest Region – May 2016

Prices in the Midwest up 0.4 percent in May and 0.8 percent higher over the year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) in the Midwest rose 0.4 percent in May, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. The monthly advance was largely attributable to an 8.2-percent increase in motor fuel prices. The broader energy index was 4.6 percent higher over the month. Food prices declined 0.2 percent while the index for all items less food and energy was little changed (0.1 percent). (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

The CPI-U for the Midwest advanced 0.8 percent from May 2015 to May 2016. (See chart 1 and table A.) The energy index, which includes motor fuel and household fuels, fell 7.9 percent, but prices for food were up 0.7 percent. Excluding food and energy, the CPI-U rose 1.8 percent over the year. (See table 1.)

 

Food

Food prices in the Midwest declined 0.2 percent in May. The index for food at home decreased 0.7 percent while costs for food away from home were up 0.5 percent.  

From May 2015 to May 2016, the index for food increased 0.7 percent. Rising costs for food away from home (2.9 percent) were responsible for the yearly advance. Prices for food at home registered their eighth consecutive over-the-year decline, down 0.7 percent since May 2015. 

Energy

The energy index rose 4.6 percent in May, following increases of 7.7 and 2.6 percent, respectively, in March and April. As in the previous two months, motor fuel prices were largely responsible for the monthly advance, rising 8.2 percent in May. Costs for electricity rose 2.1 percent and prices for utility (piped) gas service were 0.4 percent higher over the month.

Despite the recent monthly advances, energy prices decreased 7.9 percent from May 2015 to May 2016. Prices for motor fuel and utility (piped) gas service were down 13.4 and 8.5 percent, respectively. Costs for electricity increased 0.8 percent over the year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy for the Midwest was little changed (0.1 percent) in May. Expenditure categories registering higher prices over the month included medical care services (0.7 percent) and shelter (0.2 percent). In contrast, education and communication and new and used motor vehicles (each down 0.3 percent) were among the expenditure categories posting lower prices over the month.

The index for all items less food and energy was up 1.8 percent from May 2015 to May 2016. A 2.7-percent rise in shelter costs led the advance. Prices for medical care services had the next largest upward impact with a 3.8-percent increase.

The Midwest Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) stood at 226.478 in May 2016. A typical market basket of goods and services that cost $100.00 in the 1982-84 base period cost $226.48 in May 2016.

CPI-W

In May, the Midwest Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) was 220.833, up 0.5 percent over the month. The CPI-W increased 0.5 percent over the year.

Table A. Midwest region CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month20122013201420152016
1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month

January

0.62.80.11.30.51.4-0.6-0.30.30.8

February

0.22.71.12.20.60.90.3-0.50.00.4

March

1.02.80.21.40.91.50.6-0.90.60.5

April

0.22.3-0.11.20.31.90.1-1.10.40.8

May

-0.11.50.51.80.21.60.4-0.80.40.8

June

-0.11.40.32.20.51.70.5-0.7  

July

0.01.3-0.41.8-0.31.80.0-0.5  

August

0.71.80.11.2-0.21.60.0-0.3  

September

0.31.90.11.00.11.6-0.3-0.8  

October

-0.32.2-0.50.8-0.51.6-0.1-0.3  

November

-0.41.8-0.21.0-0.61.2-0.5-0.2  

December

-0.21.8-0.21.0-0.70.7-0.60.0  

The June 2016 Consumer Price Index for the Midwest region is scheduled to be released on Friday, July 15, 2016.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 89 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 28 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 24,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between areas; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Midwest region is comprised of Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

Midwest (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

 
Indexes
 
Percent change from-
Mar.
2016
Apr.
2016
May
2016
May
2015
Mar.
2016
Apr.
2016

Expenditure category

 
 

All Items

224.621225.609226.4780.80.80.4

All items (December 1977=100)

365.470367.079368.492   

Food and beverages

240.000240.898240.3980.70.2-0.2

Food

239.494240.489239.9410.70.2-0.2

Food at home

227.791228.662227.107-0.7-0.3-0.7

Food away from home

259.091260.295261.4702.90.90.5

Alcoholic beverages

244.757244.237244.4530.7-0.10.1

Housing

214.948214.974215.5431.80.30.3

Shelter

254.079254.693255.1092.70.40.2

Rent of primary residence (1)

252.535252.983253.4862.90.40.2

Owners' equiv. rent of residences (1) (2)

257.322257.889258.5342.70.50.3

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence (1) (2)

257.309257.877258.5232.70.50.3

Fuels and utilities

209.184207.060209.801-0.80.31.3

Household energy

170.820168.634171.218-2.30.21.5

Energy services (1)

178.097175.795178.634-2.00.31.6

Electricity (1)

196.855196.351200.5270.81.92.1

Utility (piped) gas service (1)

136.418131.335131.821-8.5-3.40.4

Household furnishings and operations

115.511115.053114.784-1.6-0.6-0.2

Apparel

117.964118.214118.9281.00.80.6

Transportation

188.629192.163195.422-3.83.61.7

Private transportation

182.902185.942189.040-4.03.41.7

New and used motor vehicles (3)

99.42299.44799.168-1.2-0.3-0.3

New vehicles

140.696139.816139.611-0.7-0.8-0.1

New cars and trucks (3) (4)

99.45398.82498.711-0.8-0.7-0.1

New cars (4)

136.600135.719135.531-1.2-0.8-0.1

Used cars and trucks

146.614148.092147.886-2.10.9-0.1

Motor fuel

175.857189.416204.859-13.416.58.2

Gasoline (all types)

174.991188.601203.986-13.216.68.2

Gasoline, unleaded regular (4)

169.684183.205198.571-14.217.08.4

Gasoline, Unleaded midgrade (4) (5)

206.842220.484236.644-10.614.47.3

Gasoline, unleaded premium (4)

196.600210.119224.387-7.414.16.8

Medical Care

464.165465.161466.9983.30.60.4

Medical care commodities

375.463376.989374.0111.6-0.4-0.8

Medical care services

493.913494.715498.2633.80.90.7

Professional services

400.045401.109406.5293.61.61.4

Recreation (3)

118.423119.005118.9391.00.4-0.1

Education and communication (3)

140.305140.773140.3550.70.0-0.3

Other goods and services

406.810406.716408.2042.10.30.4
 

Commodity and Service Group

 
 

All Items

224.621225.609226.4780.80.80.4

Commodities

174.833176.218177.169-1.51.30.5

Commodities less food & beverages

143.386144.924146.425-3.02.11.0

Nondurables less food & beverages

180.382183.774187.479-3.43.92.0

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

221.418226.842232.484-4.75.02.5

Durables

106.174106.232105.995-2.0-0.2-0.2

Services

275.973276.559277.3452.30.50.3

Rent of shelter (2)

260.998261.666262.0872.80.40.2

Transportation services

296.699299.813300.6611.71.30.3

Other services

332.058332.868332.5781.70.2-0.1
 

Special aggregate indexes:

 
 

All items less medical care

213.282214.271215.0930.50.80.4

All items less food

222.095223.082224.1770.80.90.5

All items less shelter

216.216217.348218.385-0.11.00.5

Commodities less food

146.546148.038149.513-2.92.01.0

Nondurables

209.582211.801213.519-1.31.90.8

Nondurables less food

183.807186.980190.490-3.13.61.9

Nondurables less food and apparel

222.168227.040232.176-4.34.52.3

Services less rent of shelter (2)

308.376308.907310.1381.80.60.4

Services less medical care services

259.722260.292260.8762.10.40.2

Energy

173.728178.323186.465-7.97.34.6

All items less energy

232.431233.076233.2381.60.30.1

All items less food and energy

231.855232.439232.7301.80.40.1

Commodities less food and energy commodities

146.051146.190146.086-0.40.0-0.1

Energy commodities

176.121189.008203.723-13.415.77.8

Services less energy services

288.421289.317289.8922.60.50.2

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
 

Regions defined as the four Census regions. Midwest includes Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.
 

Table 2. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

Midwest (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

 
Indexes
 
Percent change from-
Mar.
2016
Apr.
2016
May
2016
May
2015
Mar.
2016
Apr.
2016

Expenditure category

 
 

All Items

218.761219.816220.8330.50.90.5

All items (December 1977=100)

353.785355.491357.136   

Food and beverages

239.989240.986240.3120.50.1-0.3

Food

239.513240.589239.8540.50.1-0.3

Food at home

228.384229.263227.647-0.8-0.3-0.7

Food away from home

260.146261.616262.7082.91.00.4

Alcoholic beverages

245.996245.702246.0271.10.00.1

Housing

209.859209.764210.4811.70.30.3

Shelter

243.086243.586244.0722.70.40.2

Rent of primary residence (1)

253.145253.595254.1012.90.40.2

Owners' equiv. rent of residences (1) (2)

239.862240.390241.0062.70.50.3

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence (1) (2)

239.861240.390241.0102.70.50.3

Fuels and utilities

210.408208.388211.183-0.70.41.3

Household energy

171.760169.697172.293-2.20.31.5

Energy services (1)

177.673175.511178.419-1.80.41.7

Electricity (1)

195.335194.849199.0190.71.92.1

Utility (piped) gas service (1)

137.209132.205132.734-8.3-3.30.4

Household furnishings and operations

113.835113.064113.026-1.9-0.70.0

Apparel

115.538115.787116.9560.41.21.0

Transportation

185.173188.984192.670-4.44.02.0

Private transportation

181.634185.270188.869-4.54.01.9

New and used motor vehicles (3)

99.47799.69699.540-1.30.1-0.2

New vehicles

144.213143.171142.980-0.7-0.9-0.1

Used cars and trucks

147.239148.726148.499-2.10.9-0.2

Motor fuel

176.242190.071205.454-13.316.68.1

Gasoline (all types)

175.295189.154204.469-13.216.68.1

Gasoline, unleaded regular (4)

169.849183.624198.883-14.217.18.3

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade (4) (5)

206.631220.449236.643-10.514.57.3

Gasoline, unleaded premium (4)

196.371210.000224.271-7.414.26.8

Medical Care

469.981470.969472.5243.30.50.3

Medical care commodities

369.153370.457366.6941.4-0.7-1.0

Medical care services

501.198502.064505.4983.90.90.7

Professional services

402.541403.669408.8743.91.61.3

Recreation (3)

114.733115.229115.1160.90.3-0.1

Education and communication (3)

132.292132.651132.1740.6-0.1-0.4

Other goods and services

453.042453.227454.0812.50.20.2
 

Commodity and Service Group

 
 

All Items

218.761219.816220.8330.50.90.5

Commodities

176.830178.547179.801-1.71.70.7

Commodities less food & beverages

146.399148.346150.322-3.32.71.3

Nondurables less food & beverages

185.478189.862194.624-3.94.92.5

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

228.936235.695242.548-5.15.92.9

Durables

108.512108.573108.409-2.0-0.1-0.2

Services

268.419268.798269.5872.20.40.3

Rent of shelter (2)

241.433241.959242.4342.70.40.2

Transportation services

297.099298.834299.6802.10.90.3

Other services

307.478308.237307.7521.50.1-0.2
 

Special aggregate indexes:

 
 

All items less medical care

209.132210.189211.1860.31.00.5

All items less food

214.705215.753217.0480.41.10.6

All items less shelter

212.470213.734214.951-0.41.20.6

Commodities less food

149.361151.268153.217-3.12.61.3

Nondurables

212.709215.502217.696-1.52.31.0

Nondurables less food

188.549192.702197.245-3.64.62.4

Nondurables less food and apparel

228.765234.948241.265-4.65.52.7

Services less rent of shelter (2)

272.941273.127274.1811.70.50.4

Services less medical care services

253.036253.382254.0082.00.40.2

Energy

173.126178.439186.952-8.38.04.8

All items less energy

226.145226.704226.8381.50.30.1

All items less food and energy

223.644224.106224.4021.70.30.1

Commodities less food and energy commodities

149.248149.411149.391-0.40.10.0

Energy commodities

176.686189.822204.416-13.515.77.7

Services less energy services

280.401281.089281.6242.60.40.2

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a December 1984=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
 

Regions defined as the four Census regions. Midwest includes Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.
 

 

Last Modified Date: Thursday, June 16, 2016