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errata

Incorrect prices for prescription drugs were used for the CPI-U and CPI-W indexes from May through August 2016 in a number of areas. Several indexes were affected, including the all items and medical care indexes. A list of the series affected can be found at www.bls.gov/bls/errata/cpi-price-corrections-10182016.htm, and the corrected data are available in the CPI database (www.bls.gov/cpi/data.htm).

News Release Information

16-1318-KAN
Friday, July 15, 2016

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (816) 285-7000

Consumer Price Index, Midwest Region – June 2016

Prices in the Midwest up 0.6 percent in June and 0.8 percent higher over the year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) in the Midwest rose 0.6 percent in June, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. The monthly advance was largely attributable to a 6.5-percent increase in energy costs. Food prices declined 0.2 percent while the index for all items less food and energy was up 0.2 percent. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

The CPI-U for the Midwest advanced 0.8 percent from June 2015 to June 2016. (See chart 1 and table A.) The energy index, which includes motor fuel and household fuels, fell 7.4 percent, but prices for food were up 0.4 percent. Excluding food and energy, the CPI-U rose 1.9 percent over the year. (See table 1.)

Food

Food prices in the Midwest declined 0.2 percent in June. The index for food at home decreased 0.4 percent while costs for food away from home were unchanged over the month.  

From June 2015 to June 2016, the index for food rose 0.4 percent, the smallest annual increase since April 2010. Rising costs for food away from home (2.7 percent) were responsible for the yearly advance. Prices for food at home registered their ninth consecutive over-the-year decline, down 1.2 percent since June 2015.

Energy

The energy index rose 6.5 percent in June, the fourth consecutive monthly advance. Higher prices for motor fuel (8.5 percent) and electricity (6.2 percent) led the gain. Electricity prices typically rise in June reflecting seasonal rate schedules. Higher costs for utility (piped) gas service (1.4 percent) also contributed to the increase in the energy index.

Despite the recent monthly advances, energy prices decreased 7.4 percent from June 2015 to June 2016. Prices for motor fuel and utility (piped) gas service were down 11.4 and 9.6 percent, respectively. Costs for electricity were 0.5 percent lower over the year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy for the Midwest rose 0.2 percent in June. Expenditure categories registering higher prices over the month included shelter (0.6 percent), recreation (0.7 percent), and medical care commodities (1.0 percent). In contrast, apparel (-1.8 percent) and used cars and trucks (-0.5 percent) were among the expenditure categories posting lower prices over the month.

The index for all items less food and energy was up 1.9 percent from June 2015 to June 2016. A 3.0-percent rise in shelter costs led the advance. Prices for medical care services had the next largest upward impact with a 3.8-percent increase.

The Midwest Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) stood at 227.828 in June 2016. A typical market basket of goods and services that cost $100.00 in the 1982-84 base period cost $227.83 in June 2016.

CPI-W

In June, the Midwest Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) was 222.224, up 0.6 percent over the month. The CPI-W increased 0.5 percent over the year.

Table A. Midwest region CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month20122013201420152016
1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month

January

0.62.80.11.30.51.4-0.6-0.30.30.8

February

0.22.71.12.20.60.90.3-0.50.00.4

March

1.02.80.21.40.91.50.6-0.90.60.5

April

0.22.3-0.11.20.31.90.1-1.10.40.8

May

-0.11.50.51.80.21.60.4-0.80.40.8

June

-0.11.40.32.20.51.70.5-0.70.60.8

July

0.01.3-0.41.8-0.31.80.0-0.5  

August

0.71.80.11.2-0.21.60.0-0.3  

September

0.31.90.11.00.11.6-0.3-0.8  

October

-0.32.2-0.50.8-0.51.6-0.1-0.3  

November

-0.41.8-0.21.0-0.61.2-0.5-0.2  

December

-0.21.8-0.21.0-0.70.7-0.60.0  

The July 2016 Consumer Price Index for the Midwest region is scheduled to be released on Tuesday, August 16, 2016.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 89 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 28 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 24,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between areas; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Midwest region is comprised of Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

Midwest (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

 
Indexes
 
Percent change from-
Apr.
2016
May
2016
Jun.
2016
Jun.
2015
Apr.
2016
May
2016

Expenditure category

 
 

All Items

225.609226.478227.8280.81.00.6

All items (December 1977=100)

367.079368.492370.689   

Food and beverages

240.898240.398239.9630.4-0.4-0.2

Food

240.489239.941239.4780.4-0.4-0.2

Food at home

228.662227.107226.303-1.2-1.0-0.4

Food away from home

260.295261.470261.5892.70.50.0

Alcoholic beverages

244.237244.453244.4281.50.10.0

Housing

214.974215.543217.5181.91.20.9

Shelter

254.693255.109256.6563.00.80.6

Rent of primary residence (1)

252.983253.486254.2352.80.50.3

Owners' equiv. rent of residences (1) (2)

257.889258.534259.2162.70.50.3

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence (1) (2)

257.877258.523259.2062.70.50.3

Fuels and utilities

207.060209.801217.622-1.65.13.7

Household energy

168.634171.218179.174-3.36.34.6

Energy services (1)

175.795178.634187.236-3.26.54.8

Electricity (1)

196.351200.527212.924-0.58.46.2

Utility (piped) gas service (1)

131.335131.821133.708-9.61.81.4

Household furnishings and operations

115.053114.784114.596-1.2-0.4-0.2

Apparel

118.214118.928116.767-0.3-1.2-1.8

Transportation

192.163195.422198.807-3.63.51.7

Private transportation

185.942189.040192.751-3.73.72.0

New and used motor vehicles (3)

99.44799.16899.176-1.0-0.30.0

New vehicles

139.816139.611139.739-0.5-0.10.1

New cars and trucks (3) (4)

98.82498.71198.802-0.50.00.1

New cars (4)

135.719135.531135.564-0.9-0.10.0

Used cars and trucks

148.092147.886147.087-2.9-0.7-0.5

Motor fuel

189.416204.859222.246-11.417.38.5

Gasoline (all types)

188.601203.986221.405-11.217.48.5

Gasoline, unleaded regular (4)

183.205198.571216.066-12.117.98.8

Gasoline, Unleaded midgrade (4) (5)

220.484236.644253.631-9.215.07.2

Gasoline, unleaded premium (4)

210.119224.387240.606-6.214.57.2

Medical Care

465.161466.998467.4593.60.50.1

Medical care commodities

376.989374.011377.8762.90.21.0

Medical care services

494.715498.263497.5073.80.6-0.2

Professional services

401.109406.529406.2203.81.3-0.1

Recreation (3)

119.005118.939119.7181.70.60.7

Education and communication (3)

140.773140.355140.2130.8-0.4-0.1

Other goods and services

406.716408.204409.3442.00.60.3
 

Commodity and Service Group

 
 

All Items

225.609226.478227.8280.81.00.6

Commodities

176.218177.169177.969-1.61.00.5

Commodities less food & beverages

144.924146.425147.695-3.01.90.9

Nondurables less food & beverages

183.774187.479190.727-3.23.81.7

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

226.842232.484239.213-4.15.52.9

Durables

106.232105.995105.710-2.0-0.5-0.3

Services

276.559277.345279.2602.41.00.7

Rent of shelter (2)

261.666262.087263.7263.00.80.6

Transportation services

299.813300.661300.3461.90.2-0.1

Other services

332.868332.578334.5382.30.50.6
 

Special aggregate indexes:

 
 

All items less medical care

214.271215.093216.4860.61.00.6

All items less food

223.082224.177225.8160.91.20.7

All items less shelter

217.348218.385219.678-0.11.10.6

Commodities less food

148.038149.513150.754-2.81.80.8

Nondurables

211.801213.519215.027-1.41.50.7

Nondurables less food

186.980190.490193.554-3.03.51.6

Nondurables less food and apparel

227.040232.176238.276-3.74.92.6

Services less rent of shelter (2)

308.907310.138312.4651.81.20.8

Services less medical care services

260.292260.876262.9832.21.00.8

Energy

178.323186.465198.523-7.411.36.5

All items less energy

233.076233.238233.5491.70.20.1

All items less food and energy

232.439232.730233.1821.90.30.2

Commodities less food and energy commodities

146.190146.086145.483-0.5-0.5-0.4

Energy commodities

189.008203.723220.358-11.316.68.2

Services less energy services

289.317289.892291.1142.80.60.4

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
 

Regions defined as the four Census regions. Midwest includes Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.
 

Table 2. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

Midwest (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

 
Indexes
 
Percent change from-
Apr.
2016
May
2016
Jun.
2016
Jun.
2015
Apr.
2016
May
2016

Expenditure category

 
 

All Items

219.816220.833222.2240.51.10.6

All items (December 1977=100)

355.491357.136359.385   

Food and beverages

240.986240.312239.9030.2-0.4-0.2

Food

240.589239.854239.4190.1-0.5-0.2

Food at home

229.263227.647226.964-1.3-1.0-0.3

Food away from home

261.616262.708262.7892.80.40.0

Alcoholic beverages

245.702246.027246.0521.90.10.0

Housing

209.764210.481212.2531.71.20.8

Shelter

243.586244.072245.1472.80.60.4

Rent of primary residence (1)

253.595254.101254.8522.80.50.3

Owners' equiv. rent of residences (1) (2)

240.390241.006241.6282.70.50.3

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence (1) (2)

240.390241.010241.6302.70.50.3

Fuels and utilities

208.388211.183218.829-1.65.03.6

Household energy

169.697172.293180.001-3.26.14.5

Energy services (1)

175.511178.419186.752-3.16.44.7

Electricity (1)

194.849199.019210.695-0.68.15.9

Utility (piped) gas service (1)

132.205132.734134.736-9.41.91.5

Household furnishings and operations

113.064113.026112.782-1.5-0.2-0.2

Apparel

115.787116.956114.069-1.5-1.5-2.5

Transportation

188.984192.670196.607-4.14.02.0

Private transportation

185.270188.869192.941-4.24.12.2

New and used motor vehicles (3)

99.69699.54099.467-1.3-0.2-0.1

New vehicles

143.171142.980143.092-0.4-0.10.1

Used cars and trucks

148.726148.499147.690-2.9-0.7-0.5

Motor fuel

190.071205.454222.789-11.417.28.4

Gasoline (all types)

189.154204.469221.815-11.317.38.5

Gasoline, unleaded regular (4)

183.624198.883216.279-12.117.88.7

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade (4) (5)

220.449236.643253.730-9.115.17.2

Gasoline, unleaded premium (4)

210.000224.271240.356-6.214.57.2

Medical Care

470.969472.524472.9683.60.40.1

Medical care commodities

370.457366.694370.8012.70.11.1

Medical care services

502.064505.498504.6333.90.5-0.2

Professional services

403.669408.874408.6244.01.2-0.1

Recreation (3)

115.229115.116115.5181.40.30.3

Education and communication (3)

132.651132.174132.0490.7-0.5-0.1

Other goods and services

453.227454.081456.6082.60.70.6
 

Commodity and Service Group

 
 

All Items

219.816220.833222.2240.51.10.6

Commodities

178.547179.801180.938-1.81.30.6

Commodities less food & beverages

148.346150.322152.032-3.32.51.1

Nondurables less food & beverages

189.862194.624199.016-3.64.82.3

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

235.695242.548251.021-4.36.53.5

Durables

108.573108.409108.071-2.1-0.5-0.3

Services

268.798269.587271.2812.20.90.6

Rent of shelter (2)

241.959242.434243.5452.90.70.5

Transportation services

298.834299.680299.8742.40.30.1

Other services

308.237307.752308.9602.00.20.4
 

Special aggregate indexes:

 
 

All items less medical care

210.189211.186212.6130.21.20.7

All items less food

215.753217.048218.7280.51.40.8

All items less shelter

213.734214.951216.470-0.41.30.7

Commodities less food

151.268153.217154.898-3.12.41.1

Nondurables

215.502217.696219.821-1.52.01.0

Nondurables less food

192.702197.245201.421-3.24.52.1

Nondurables less food and apparel

234.948241.265249.047-3.86.03.2

Services less rent of shelter (2)

273.127274.181276.3441.61.20.8

Services less medical care services

253.382254.008255.8482.11.00.7

Energy

178.439186.952199.092-7.711.66.5

All items less energy

226.704226.838226.9641.50.10.1

All items less food and energy

224.106224.402224.6311.80.20.1

Commodities less food and energy commodities

149.411149.391148.736-0.6-0.5-0.4

Energy commodities

189.822204.416220.984-11.516.48.1

Services less energy services

281.089281.624282.5172.80.50.3

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a December 1984=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
 

Regions defined as the four Census regions. Midwest includes Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.
 

 

Last Modified Date: Friday, July 15, 2016