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errata

Incorrect prices for prescription drugs were used for the CPI-U and CPI-W indexes from May through August 2016 in a number of areas. Several indexes were affected, including the all items and medical care indexes. A list of the series affected can be found at www.bls.gov/bls/errata/cpi-price-corrections-10182016.htm, and the corrected data are available in the CPI database (www.bls.gov/cpi/data.htm).

News Release Information

16-1848-KAN
Friday, September 16, 2016

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (816) 285-7000

Consumer Price Index, Midwest Region – August 2016

Prices in the Midwest little changed in August, but 0.6 percent higher over the year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) in the Midwest registered little movement (0.1 percent) in August, following a 0.5-percent decline in July, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. The indexes for food and energy each rose 0.2 percent, and the all items less food and energy index was little changed (0.1 percent) over the month. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

The CPI-U for the Midwest advanced 0.6 percent from August 2015 to August 2016. (See chart 1 and table A.) The energy index, which includes motor fuel and household fuels, fell 9.0 percent, and prices for food were virtually unchanged (-0.1 percent). Excluding food and energy, the CPI-U rose 1.8 percent over the year. (See table 1.)

Food

Food prices in the Midwest rose 0.2 percent in August. Higher costs for food at home and for food away from home, each up 0.2 percent, contributed to the monthly advance.

From August 2015 to August 2016, the index for food was little changed (-0.1 percent). Prices for food at home registered their eleventh consecutive over-the-year decrease, down 1.9 percent since August 2015. Costs for food away from home rose 2.6 percent over the year, nearly offsetting the decrease in the food at home index.

Energy

The energy index turned up 0.2 percent in August. Higher costs for utility (piped) gas service (1.5 percent) and electricity (0.4 percent) were partially offset by lower prices for motor fuel (-0.4 percent).

Despite the monthly advance, energy prices fell 9.0 percent from August 2015 to August 2016. Lower costs for motor fuel, down 17.4 percent, were largely responsible for the decline in the energy component. Prices for utility (piped) gas service and electricity, down 1.6 and 0.3 percent, respectively, also contributed to the over-the-year decline.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy for the Midwest was little changed (0.1 percent) in August. Expenditure categories registering higher prices over the month included apparel (2.0 percent), owners’ equivalent rent of residences (0.2 percent), and medical care services (0.6 percent). In contrast, new and used motor vehicles (-0.5 percent) and recreation (-0.4 percent) were among the expenditure categories posting lower prices over the month.

The index for all items less food and energy was up 1.8 percent from August 2015 to August 2016. A 2.7-percent rise in shelter costs led the advance. Prices for medical care services had the next largest upward impact with a 4.9-percent increase.

The Midwest Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) stood at 227.101 in August 2016. A typical market basket of goods and services that cost $100.00 in the 1982-84 base period cost $227.10 in August 2016.

CPI-W

In August, the Midwest Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) was 221.406, up 0.2 percent over the month. The CPI-W increased 0.1 percent over the year.

Table A. Midwest region CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month20122013201420152016
1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month

January

0.62.80.11.30.51.4-0.6-0.30.30.8

February

0.22.71.12.20.60.90.3-0.50.00.4

March

1.02.80.21.40.91.50.6-0.90.60.5

April

0.22.3-0.11.20.31.90.1-1.10.40.8

May

-0.11.50.51.80.21.60.4-0.80.40.8

June

-0.11.40.32.20.51.70.5-0.70.60.8

July

0.01.3-0.41.8-0.31.80.0-0.5-0.50.4

August

0.71.80.11.2-0.21.60.0-0.30.10.6

September

0.31.90.11.00.11.6-0.3-0.8  

October

-0.32.2-0.50.8-0.51.6-0.1-0.3  

November

-0.41.8-0.21.0-0.61.2-0.5-0.2  

December

-0.21.8-0.21.0-0.70.7-0.60.0  

The September 2016 Consumer Price Index for the Midwest region is scheduled to be released on Tuesday, October 18, 2016.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 89 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 28 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 24,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between areas; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Midwest region is comprised of Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

Midwest (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

 
Indexes
 
Percent change from-
Jun.
2016
Jul.
2016
Aug.
2016
Aug.
2015
Jun.
2016
Jul.
2016

Expenditure category

 
 

All Items

227.828226.777227.1010.6-0.30.1

All items (December 1977=100)

370.689368.980369.506   

Food and beverages

239.963239.675240.178-0.10.10.2

Food

239.478239.193239.736-0.10.10.2

Food at home

226.303225.750226.294-1.90.00.2

Food away from home

261.589261.764262.3022.60.30.2

Alcoholic beverages

244.428244.086244.0221.0-0.20.0

Housing

217.518217.823218.0701.90.30.1

Shelter

256.656256.461256.6342.70.00.1

Rent of primary residence (1)

254.235254.876255.5943.00.50.3

Owners' equiv. rent of residences (1) (2)

259.216259.951260.5952.90.50.2

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence (1) (2)

259.206259.941260.5842.90.50.2

Fuels and utilities

217.622221.092222.5300.32.30.7

Household energy

179.174182.814184.069-0.82.70.7

Energy services (1)

187.236191.213192.560-0.72.80.7

Electricity (1)

212.924213.959214.736-0.30.90.4

Utility (piped) gas service (1)

133.708142.223144.414-1.68.01.5

Household furnishings and operations

114.596114.496114.253-1.4-0.3-0.2

Apparel

116.767113.700115.994-0.9-0.72.0

Transportation

198.807193.405192.636-4.9-3.1-0.4

Private transportation

192.751187.884187.362-5.1-2.8-0.3

New and used motor vehicles (3)

99.17698.95698.492-1.0-0.7-0.5

New vehicles

139.739139.202138.376-0.3-1.0-0.6

New cars and trucks (3) (4)

98.80298.36397.776-0.5-1.0-0.6

New cars (4)

135.564134.755134.179-0.7-1.0-0.4

Used cars and trucks

147.087146.282145.698-3.8-0.9-0.4

Motor fuel

222.246199.520198.802-17.4-10.5-0.4

Gasoline (all types)

221.405198.498197.797-17.4-10.7-0.4

Gasoline, unleaded regular (4)

216.066192.969192.156-18.3-11.1-0.4

Gasoline, Unleaded midgrade (4) (5)

253.631229.768230.962-14.0-8.90.5

Gasoline, unleaded premium (4)

240.606220.598220.799-12.4-8.20.1

Medical Care

467.459470.596473.9035.01.40.7

Medical care commodities

377.876381.059385.1585.51.91.1

Medical care services

497.507500.615503.6264.91.20.6

Professional services

406.220405.979408.2634.00.50.6

Recreation (3)

119.718119.374118.8580.8-0.7-0.4

Education and communication (3)

140.213140.204140.6060.50.30.3

Other goods and services

409.344408.123408.7571.5-0.10.2
 

Commodity and Service Group

 
 

All Items

227.828226.777227.1010.6-0.30.1

Commodities

177.969175.534175.844-2.4-1.20.2

Commodities less food & beverages

147.695144.476144.699-3.9-2.00.2

Nondurables less food & beverages

190.727184.297185.433-4.6-2.80.6

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

239.213230.592230.994-5.8-3.40.2

Durables

105.710105.093104.623-2.4-1.0-0.4

Services

279.260279.621279.9602.50.30.1

Rent of shelter (2)

263.726263.511263.6982.80.00.1

Transportation services

300.346298.673297.7801.9-0.9-0.3

Other services

334.538334.674334.3841.80.0-0.1
 

Special aggregate indexes:

 
 

All items less medical care

216.486215.236215.4180.1-0.50.1

All items less food

225.816224.644224.9320.7-0.40.1

All items less shelter

219.678218.313218.693-0.4-0.40.2

Commodities less food

150.754147.595147.812-3.7-2.00.1

Nondurables

215.027211.494212.334-2.2-1.30.4

Nondurables less food

193.554187.465188.534-4.3-2.60.6

Nondurables less food and apparel

238.276230.428230.787-5.2-3.10.2

Services less rent of shelter (2)

312.465313.473313.9962.20.50.2

Services less medical care services

262.983263.143263.2872.20.10.1

Energy

198.523190.806191.216-9.0-3.70.2

All items less energy

233.549233.143233.4621.50.00.1

All items less food and energy

233.182232.753233.0331.8-0.10.1

Commodities less food and energy commodities

145.483144.519144.849-0.7-0.40.2

Energy commodities

220.358198.588197.915-16.9-10.2-0.3

Services less energy services

291.114291.095291.3292.70.10.1

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
 

Regions defined as the four Census regions. Midwest includes Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.
 

Table 2. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

Midwest (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

 
Indexes
 
Percent change from-
Jun.
2016
Jul.
2016
Aug.
2016
Aug.
2015
Jun.
2016
Jul.
2016

Expenditure category

 
 

All Items

222.224221.072221.4060.1-0.40.2

All items (December 1977=100)

359.385357.522358.063   

Food and beverages

239.903239.622240.039-0.40.10.2

Food

239.419239.138239.592-0.50.10.2

Food at home

226.964226.461226.865-2.20.00.2

Food away from home

262.789262.970263.5222.70.30.2

Alcoholic beverages

246.052245.769245.5851.3-0.2-0.1

Housing

212.253212.846213.1941.90.40.2

Shelter

245.147245.338245.6922.70.20.1

Rent of primary residence (1)

254.852255.497256.2122.90.50.3

Owners' equiv. rent of residences (1) (2)

241.628242.309242.8862.90.50.2

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence (1) (2)

241.630242.307242.8842.90.50.2

Fuels and utilities

218.829222.453223.6370.32.20.5

Household energy

180.001183.772184.804-0.82.70.6

Energy services (1)

186.752190.849191.943-0.62.80.6

Electricity (1)

210.695211.939212.352-0.40.80.2

Utility (piped) gas service (1)

134.736143.651145.886-1.18.31.6

Household furnishings and operations

112.782112.444112.115-1.9-0.6-0.3

Apparel

114.069110.484113.349-2.5-0.62.6

Transportation

196.607190.781190.030-5.9-3.3-0.4

Private transportation

192.941187.372186.723-5.9-3.2-0.3

New and used motor vehicles (3)

99.46799.18398.602-1.5-0.9-0.6

New vehicles

143.092142.430141.365-0.4-1.2-0.7

Used cars and trucks

147.690146.849146.249-3.8-1.0-0.4

Motor fuel

222.789199.825199.157-17.5-10.6-0.3

Gasoline (all types)

221.815198.700198.059-17.5-10.7-0.3

Gasoline, unleaded regular (4)

216.279193.009192.266-18.4-11.1-0.4

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade (4) (5)

253.730229.704230.690-14.0-9.10.4

Gasoline, unleaded premium (4)

240.356220.247220.507-12.5-8.30.1

Medical Care

472.968476.383479.6105.11.40.7

Medical care commodities

370.801374.242378.1515.42.01.0

Medical care services

504.633508.003510.9545.01.30.6

Professional services

408.624408.334410.3644.20.40.5

Recreation (3)

115.518115.159114.8450.7-0.6-0.3

Education and communication (3)

132.049132.050132.3470.40.20.2

Other goods and services

456.608455.535456.0551.7-0.10.1
 

Commodity and Service Group

 
 

All Items

222.224221.072221.4060.1-0.40.2

Commodities

180.938177.939178.186-2.9-1.50.1

Commodities less food & beverages

152.032148.055148.227-4.7-2.50.1

Nondurables less food & beverages

199.016190.890192.002-5.7-3.50.6

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

251.021240.192240.383-6.7-4.20.1

Durables

108.071107.350106.834-2.7-1.1-0.5

Services

271.281272.060272.4952.40.40.2

Rent of shelter (2)

243.545243.725244.0902.80.20.1

Transportation services

299.874299.976299.2802.3-0.2-0.2

Other services

308.960309.153309.0811.60.00.0
 

Special aggregate indexes:

 
 

All items less medical care

212.613211.286211.510-0.3-0.50.1

All items less food

218.728217.440217.7540.2-0.40.1

All items less shelter

216.470214.827215.158-0.9-0.60.2

Commodities less food

154.898150.984151.149-4.5-2.40.1

Nondurables

219.821215.394216.180-2.9-1.70.4

Nondurables less food

201.421193.683194.730-5.3-3.30.5

Nondurables less food and apparel

249.047239.082239.244-6.1-3.90.1

Services less rent of shelter (2)

276.344277.693278.1642.10.70.2

Services less medical care services

255.848256.467256.7482.10.40.1

Energy

199.092190.453190.692-9.7-4.20.1

All items less energy

226.964226.692227.0411.30.00.2

All items less food and energy

224.631224.361224.6901.60.00.1

Commodities less food and energy commodities

148.736147.598147.893-1.1-0.60.2

Energy commodities

220.984199.035198.420-17.3-10.2-0.3

Services less energy services

282.517282.895283.2522.70.30.1

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a December 1984=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
 

Regions defined as the four Census regions. Midwest includes Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.
 

 

Last Modified Date: Friday, September 16, 2016