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News Release Information

16-2326-KAN
Thursday, December 15, 2016

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Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (816) 285-7000

Consumer Price Index, Midwest Region – November 2016

Prices in the Midwest down 0.3 percent in November, but 1.2 percent higher over the year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) in the Midwest was down 0.3 percent in November, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. The monthly decrease was largely attributable to a 6.0-percent drop in motor fuel prices. The broader energy index was 2.9 percent lower over the month. Food prices declined 0.4 percent while the index for all items less food and energy was unchanged. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

The CPI-U for the Midwest rose 1.2 percent from November 2015 to November 2016. (See chart 1 and table A.) Food prices decreased 0.2 percent, and the energy index, which includes motor fuel and household fuels, declined 1.0 percent. Excluding food and energy, the CPI-U advanced 1.7 percent over the year. (See table 1.)

Food

Food prices in the Midwest were down 0.4 percent in November. The index for food at home led the decline with a 0.7-percent decrease, while prices for food away from home were little changed over the month (0.1 percent). 

From November 2015 to November 2016, the index for food decreased 0.2 percent. Prices for food at home registered their fourteenth consecutive over-the-year decrease, down 1.9 percent. Costs for food away from home rose 2.5 percent over the year.

Energy

The energy index registered its second straight monthly decline, down 2.9 percent in November, and had the greatest downward impact on the all items index. The decrease was largely attributable to a 6.0-percent drop in motor fuel prices. Lower costs for electricity (-0.9 percent) also contributed to the monthly decline. In contrast, prices for utility (piped) gas service advanced 1.0 percent in November.

Energy costs decreased 1.0 percent from November 2015 to November 2016, largely due to a 4.9-percent drop in motor fuel prices. Costs for utility (piped) gas service and electricity, up 7.5 and 0.3 percent, respectively, moderated the over-the-year decline.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy for the Midwest was unchanged in November due to offsetting movements. Expenditure categories registering higher prices over the month included owners’ equivalent rent of residences (0.3 percent) and medical care services (0.6 percent). In contrast, apparel (-1.9 percent), used cars and trucks (-1.5 percent), and household furnishings and operations (-0.7 percent) were among the expenditure categories posting lower prices over the month.

The index for all items less food and energy was up 1.7 percent from November 2015 to November 2016. A 2.9-percent rise in shelter costs led the advance. Prices for medical care services had the next largest upward impact with a 4.8-percent increase.

The Midwest Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) stood at 226.673 in November 2016. A typical market basket of goods and services that cost $100.00 in the 1982-84 base period cost $226.67 in November 2016.

CPI-W

In November, the Midwest Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) was 220.560, down 0.4 percent over the month. The CPI-W increased 0.9 percent over the year.

Table A. Midwest region CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month20122013201420152016
1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month

January

0.62.80.11.30.51.4-0.6-0.30.30.8

February

0.22.71.12.20.60.90.3-0.50.00.4

March

1.02.80.21.40.91.50.6-0.90.60.5

April

0.22.3-0.11.20.31.90.1-1.10.40.8

May

-0.11.50.51.80.21.60.4-0.80.40.8

June

-0.11.40.32.20.51.70.5-0.70.60.8

July

0.01.3-0.41.8-0.31.80.0-0.5-0.50.4

August

0.71.80.11.2-0.21.60.0-0.30.10.6

September

0.31.90.11.00.11.6-0.3-0.80.21.1

October

-0.32.2-0.50.8-0.51.6-0.1-0.3-0.11.0

November

-0.41.8-0.21.0-0.61.2-0.5-0.2-0.31.2

December

-0.21.8-0.21.0-0.70.7-0.60.0  

The December 2016 Consumer Price Index for the Midwest region is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, January 18, 2017.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 89 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 28 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 24,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between areas; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Midwest region is comprised of Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

Midwest (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

 
Indexes
 
Percent change from-
Sep.
2016
Oct.
2016
Nov.
2016
Nov.
2015
Sep.
2016
Oct.
2016

Expenditure category

 
 

All Items

227.636227.358226.6731.2-0.4-0.3

All items (December 1977=100)

370.376369.924368.810   

Food and beverages

240.247240.694239.741-0.1-0.2-0.4

Food

239.803240.215239.266-0.2-0.2-0.4

Food at home

226.091226.418224.801-1.9-0.6-0.7

Food away from home

262.834263.390263.5832.50.30.1

Alcoholic beverages

244.116245.048244.0580.70.0-0.4

Housing

218.816217.842217.9032.4-0.40.0

Shelter

257.954257.898258.3372.90.10.2

Rent of primary residence(1)

256.240256.812257.5992.80.50.3

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(1)(2)

261.237261.657262.4762.90.50.3

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)(2)

261.227261.647262.4632.90.50.3

Fuels and utilities

222.299214.514214.1523.0-3.7-0.2

Household energy

183.727175.687175.2032.5-4.6-0.3

Energy services(1)

192.177183.223182.6532.5-5.0-0.3

Electricity(1)

213.025198.414196.5870.3-7.7-0.9

Utility (piped) gas service(1)

146.215147.027148.5367.51.61.0

Household furnishings and operations

113.880114.233113.379-1.5-0.4-0.7

Apparel

118.904120.841118.575-1.3-0.3-1.9

Transportation

192.363192.021189.630-1.6-1.4-1.2

Private transportation

186.994186.761184.199-1.4-1.5-1.4

New and used motor vehicles(3)

97.67397.07596.534-1.7-1.2-0.6

New vehicles

138.399138.623138.778-0.50.30.1

New cars and trucks(3)(4)

97.81997.98398.149-0.60.30.2

New cars(4)

134.235134.836135.129-0.40.70.2

Used cars and trucks

143.225140.615138.451-3.5-3.3-1.5

Motor fuel

200.085200.608188.560-4.9-5.8-6.0

Gasoline (all types)

199.049199.519187.382-4.9-5.9-6.1

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

193.392193.667181.479-5.4-6.2-6.3

Gasoline, Unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

230.799232.708219.491-3.4-4.9-5.7

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

222.432223.743213.638-1.5-4.0-4.5

Medical Care

474.779476.005477.2714.60.50.3

Medical care commodities

385.764384.715381.6663.9-1.1-0.8

Medical care services

504.595506.627509.4284.81.00.6

Professional services

408.037407.456413.2245.11.31.4

Recreation(3)

119.023118.379118.5051.4-0.40.1

Education and communication(3)

140.582140.679140.313-0.4-0.2-0.3

Other goods and services

410.438410.481410.1451.8-0.1-0.1
 

Commodity and Service Group

 
 

All Items

227.636227.358226.6731.2-0.4-0.3

Commodities

176.146176.386174.471-1.1-1.0-1.1

Commodities less food & beverages

145.084145.235142.994-1.8-1.4-1.5

Nondurables less food & beverages

186.888187.811183.686-1.1-1.7-2.2

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

231.527231.805226.466-1.1-2.2-2.3

Durables

104.189103.756103.066-2.3-1.1-0.7

Services

280.733279.926280.4952.7-0.10.2

Rent of shelter(2)

265.074265.035265.4712.90.10.2

Transportation services

297.836297.744300.1251.30.80.8

Other services

334.526334.135334.0041.5-0.20.0
 

Special aggregate indexes:

 
 

All items less medical care

215.936215.587214.8090.8-0.5-0.4

All items less food

225.541225.153224.5121.4-0.5-0.3

All items less shelter

218.953218.594217.5030.5-0.7-0.5

Commodities less food

148.192148.362146.145-1.7-1.4-1.5

Nondurables

213.135213.835211.204-0.6-0.9-1.2

Nondurables less food

189.914190.836186.888-1.0-1.6-2.1

Nondurables less food and apparel

231.279231.612226.684-0.9-2.0-2.1

Services less rent of shelter(2)

314.159312.469313.2162.4-0.30.2

Services less medical care services

264.045263.032263.4382.4-0.20.2

Energy

191.573187.192181.718-1.0-5.1-2.9

All items less energy

234.021234.145233.9241.40.0-0.1

All items less food and energy

233.682233.754233.6651.70.00.0

Commodities less food and energy commodities

145.132145.231144.090-1.0-0.7-0.8

Energy commodities

199.157199.951188.488-4.7-5.4-5.7

Services less energy services

292.231292.280292.9742.70.30.2

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
 

Regions defined as the four Census regions. Midwest includes Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.
 

Table 2. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

Midwest (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

 
Indexes
 
Percent change from-
Sep.
2016
Oct.
2016
Nov.
2016
Nov.
2015
Sep.
2016
Oct.
2016

Expenditure category

 
 

All Items

221.759221.422220.5600.9-0.5-0.4

All items (December 1977=100)

358.634358.088356.695   

Food and beverages

240.002240.522239.342-0.4-0.3-0.5

Food

239.543240.041238.828-0.5-0.3-0.5

Food at home

226.614227.013225.150-2.1-0.6-0.8

Food away from home

263.890264.589264.7292.50.30.1

Alcoholic beverages

245.743246.605245.9711.10.1-0.3

Housing

213.826212.788212.9532.4-0.40.1

Shelter

246.723246.847247.4152.80.30.2

Rent of primary residence(1)

256.848257.429258.2602.80.50.3

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(1)(2)

243.480243.870244.6402.90.50.3

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)(2)

243.480243.868244.6362.90.50.3

Fuels and utilities

223.468215.568215.1612.9-3.7-0.2

Household energy

184.524176.426175.8952.5-4.7-0.3

Energy services(1)

191.630182.614181.9612.5-5.0-0.4

Electricity(1)

210.715196.441194.7620.2-7.6-0.9

Utility (piped) gas service(1)

147.924148.654149.8437.91.30.8

Household furnishings and operations

111.992112.128111.257-1.9-0.7-0.8

Apparel

116.399118.284116.462-1.90.1-1.5

Transportation

189.608189.054185.941-2.0-1.9-1.6

Private transportation

186.252185.725182.510-1.9-2.0-1.7

New and used motor vehicles(3)

97.61996.72395.859-2.2-1.8-0.9

New vehicles

141.496141.593141.628-0.80.10.0

Used cars and trucks

143.773141.168139.023-3.6-3.3-1.5

Motor fuel

200.563200.987188.914-5.0-5.8-6.0

Gasoline (all types)

199.424199.797187.655-4.9-5.9-6.1

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

193.623193.780181.609-5.5-6.2-6.3

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

230.674232.624219.398-3.4-4.9-5.7

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

222.217223.462213.395-1.5-4.0-4.5

Medical Care

480.496481.483482.7704.60.50.3

Medical care commodities

378.360376.491373.1833.3-1.4-0.9

Medical care services

512.073514.068516.9824.91.00.6

Professional services

410.145409.604415.7775.41.41.5

Recreation(3)

114.723114.319114.3721.1-0.30.0

Education and communication(3)

132.169132.270131.861-0.6-0.2-0.3

Other goods and services

457.557457.734457.3112.0-0.1-0.1
 

Commodity and Service Group

 
 

All Items

221.759221.422220.5600.9-0.5-0.4

Commodities

178.374178.440176.184-1.4-1.2-1.3

Commodities less food & beverages

148.499148.383145.774-2.2-1.8-1.8

Nondurables less food & beverages

193.489194.246189.554-1.5-2.0-2.4

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

241.066241.232234.844-1.4-2.6-2.6

Durables

106.210105.474104.539-2.7-1.6-0.9

Services

273.031272.257272.8542.6-0.10.2

Rent of shelter(2)

245.126245.271245.8262.90.30.2

Transportation services

299.402299.780302.2121.90.90.8

Other services

308.657308.541308.3971.2-0.10.0
 

Special aggregate indexes:

 
 

All items less medical care

211.842211.454210.5100.6-0.6-0.4

All items less food

218.171217.699216.8971.1-0.6-0.4

All items less shelter

215.273214.767213.3860.1-0.9-0.6

Commodities less food

151.419151.325148.747-2.1-1.8-1.7

Nondurables

216.948217.597214.553-0.9-1.1-1.4

Nondurables less food

196.152196.914192.422-1.3-1.9-2.3

Nondurables less food and apparel

239.883240.101234.187-1.2-2.4-2.5

Services less rent of shelter(2)

278.117276.431277.0182.4-0.40.2

Services less medical care services

257.246256.309256.7632.4-0.20.2

Energy

191.195187.081181.202-1.3-5.2-3.1

All items less energy

227.379227.487227.2141.2-0.1-0.1

All items less food and energy

225.101225.136225.0381.50.00.0

Commodities less food and energy commodities

147.998147.780146.549-1.4-1.0-0.8

Energy commodities

199.773200.432188.981-4.9-5.4-5.7

Services less energy services

283.893284.118284.8692.60.30.3

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a December 1984=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
 

Regions defined as the four Census regions. Midwest includes Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.
 

 

Last Modified Date: Thursday, December 15, 2016