Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

News Release Information

17-1569-KAN
Friday, December 29, 2017

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (816) 285-7000

Business Employment Dynamics in Missouri – First Quarter 2017

From December 2016 to March 2017, gross job gains in private sector establishments in Missouri totaled 138,174, while gross job losses numbered 116,324, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 21,850. Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Stanley W. Suchman noted that during the previous quarter, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 860.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. Business Employment Dynamics (BED) statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses is the net change in employment.  (See the Technical Note for more information.)

Gross job gains in Missouri increased by 4,107 from December 2016 to March 2017 and were at their highest level since December 2015. The number of gross job losses declined by 16,883 in the three months ended in March 2017 to their lowest level since December 2014. Gross job gains have exceeded gross job losses for 10 consecutive quarters. (See chart 1.)

Gross job gains represented 5.9 percent of private sector employment in Missouri in the quarter ended March 2017, while nationally gross job gains accounted for 6.0 percent of private sector employment. (See chart 2.) Missouri’s rate of gross job losses as a percent of private sector employment was 4.9 percent in the first quarter of 2017, lower than the national rate of 5.4 percent. Generally, the state’s rates of gross job gains and gross job losses have been equal to or below the U.S. rate in each quarter since the series began in 1992.

During the first quarter of 2017, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses in 10 of the 11 industry sectors in Missouri. For example, within leisure and hospitality, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 8,386. While 28,554 jobs in the industry were created by opening and expanding establishments, 20,168 jobs were lost in closing and contracting establishments in the three months ended in March 2017. In education and health services, 20,196 jobs were created in opening and expanding establishments while 16,642 jobs were lost in closing and contracting establishments, for a net gain of 3,554 jobs. Four additional industries had gross job gains that exceeded gross job losses by more than 1,000: professional and business services; retail trade; financial activities; and wholesale trade. (See table 1.)

Additional statistics and other information

BED data for the states have been included in table 2 of this release. For more information on the Business Employment Dynamics data, visit the BED web site at www.bls.gov/bdm/.

The Business Employment Dynamics for Second Quarter 2017 are scheduled to be released on Wednesday, January 24, 2018 at 10:00 a.m. (EST).

Revisions to Business Employment Dynamics (BED) Data

Data in this release incorporate annual revisions to the BED series. Annual revisions are published each year with the release of first quarter data. These revisions cover the last four quarters of not seasonally adjusted data and five years of seasonally adjusted data.


Technical Note

The Business Employment Dynamics (BED) data are a product of a federal-state cooperative program known as Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW), or the ES-202 program. The BED data are compiled from existing quarterly QCEW  records. The QCEW reports are sent by the State Employment Security Agencies (SESAs) to BLS and form the basis of the Bureau’s QCEW program and establishment universe sampling frame. These reports are also used to produce the QCEW data on total employment and wages. Other important Bureau uses of the QCEW reports are in the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program. The CES program produces monthly estimates of employment, net changes, and earnings by detailed industry.

In the BED program, the QCEW records are linked across quarters to provide a longitudinal history for each establishment. The linkage process allows the tracking of net employment changes at the establishment level, which in turn allows the estimation of jobs gained at opening and expanding establishments and jobs lost at closing and contracting establishments.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. BED statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross jobs gained and the number of gross jobs lost is the net change in employment.

Gross job gains and gross job losses are expressed as rates by dividing their levels by the average of employment in the current and previous quarters. The rates are calculated for the components of gross job gains and gross job losses and then summed to form their respective totals. These rates can be added and subtracted just as their levels can. For instance, the difference between the gross job gains rate and the gross job losses rate is the net growth rate.

The formal definitions of employment changes are as follows:

Openings.  These are either establishments with positive third month employment for the first time in the current quarter, with no links to the prior quarter, or with positive third month employment in the current quarter following zero employment in the previous quarter.

Expansions.  These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net increase in employment over this period.

Closings.  These are either establishments with positive third month employment in the previous quarter, with no employment or zero employment reported in the current quarter.

Contractions.  These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net decrease in employment over this period.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses by industry, Missouri, seasonally adjusted
CategoryGross job gains and job losses
(3 months ended)
Gross job gains and job losses
as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Mar.
2016
June
2016
Sept
2016
Dec.
2016
Mar.
2017
Mar.
2016
June
2016
Sept
2016
Dec.
2016
Mar.
2017

Total private (1)

 

Gross job gains

131,362133,732132,102134,067138,1745.65.75.75.75.9

At expanding establishments

109,506111,939111,391108,450110,9514.74.84.84.64.7

At opening establishments

21,85621,79320,71125,61727,2230.90.90.91.11.2

Gross job losses

125,523127,768125,330133,207116,3245.35.45.45.64.9

At contracting establishments

105,732108,124107,747108,933100,2074.54.64.64.64.2

At closing establishments

19,79119,64417,58324,27416,1170.80.80.81.00.7

Net employment change (2)

5,8395,9646,77286021,8500.30.30.30.11.0

Construction

 

Gross job gains

12,02711,91011,00212,29911,89110.09.89.110.09.6

At expanding establishments

10,06610,1759,17610,1759,4558.48.47.68.37.6

At opening establishments

1,9611,7351,8262,1242,4361.61.41.51.72.0

Gross job losses

11,36210,81810,46810,67711,1459.48.98.78.78.9

At contracting establishments

9,5199,0878,8888,7149,5057.97.57.47.17.6

At closing establishments

1,8431,7311,5801,9631,6401.51.41.31.61.3

Net employment change (2)

6651,0925341,6227460.60.90.41.30.7

Manufacturing

 

Gross job gains

8,0108,2536,8868,3406,9493.13.12.63.22.6

At expanding establishments

7,5637,9306,5137,5686,4112.93.02.52.92.4

At opening establishments

4473233737725380.20.10.10.30.2

Gross job losses

7,4397,4206,8767,8706,9572.82.92.63.02.6

At contracting establishments

6,8076,7476,5076,6526,3162.62.62.52.52.4

At closing establishments

6326733691,2186410.20.30.10.50.2

Net employment change (2)

57183310470-80.30.20.00.20.0

Wholesale trade

 

Gross job gains

5,1635,5394,8655,5785,5854.34.64.14.74.6

At expanding establishments

4,2704,6974,0594,4114,5643.63.93.43.73.8

At opening establishments

8938428061,1671,0210.70.70.71.00.8

Gross job losses

4,9884,9435,2025,2354,4314.14.14.34.33.6

At contracting establishments

3,9694,1344,4444,3873,5343.33.43.73.62.9

At closing establishments

1,0198097588488970.80.70.60.70.7

Net employment change (2)

175596-3373431,1540.20.5-0.20.41.0

Retail trade

 

Gross job gains

17,38017,08817,88416,98218,9115.65.45.65.46.0

At expanding establishments

15,63515,18415,34614,90716,1845.04.84.84.75.1

At opening establishments

1,7451,9042,5382,0752,7270.60.60.80.70.9

Gross job losses

15,84216,72617,79318,27516,8335.05.35.65.85.4

At contracting establishments

14,31015,11616,08015,53715,0414.54.85.14.94.8

At closing establishments

1,5321,6101,7132,7381,7920.50.50.50.90.6

Net employment change (2)

1,53836291-1,2932,0780.60.10.0-0.40.6

Transportation and warehousing

 

Gross job gains

4,7104,8234,5196,5646,4345.25.35.07.27.0

At expanding establishments

3,9564,3413,9685,8905,8134.44.84.46.56.3

At opening establishments

7544825516746210.80.50.60.70.7

Gross job losses

5,6565,2064,9484,1825,6536.35.75.54.66.2

At contracting establishments

5,0374,5504,0633,5345,2075.65.04.53.95.7

At closing establishments

6196568856484460.70.71.00.70.5

Net employment change (2)

-946-383-4292,382781-1.1-0.4-0.52.60.8

Information

 

Gross job gains

2,0741,9992,0272,2112,5004.24.14.14.55.2

At expanding establishments

1,7921,7741,7061,7201,9413.63.63.53.54.0

At opening establishments

2822253214915590.60.50.61.01.2

Gross job losses

1,9602,3042,3053,2321,7123.94.74.76.63.5

At contracting establishments

1,6942,0691,9592,8021,4203.44.24.05.72.9

At closing establishments

2662353464302920.50.50.70.90.6

Net employment change (2)

114-305-278-1,0217880.3-0.6-0.6-2.11.7

Financial activities

 

Gross job gains

6,7326,8047,4117,5487,2224.34.24.64.74.5

At expanding establishments

5,3355,7886,0976,0385,8143.43.63.83.83.6

At opening establishments

1,3971,0161,3141,5101,4080.90.60.80.90.9

Gross job losses

5,9896,1786,6696,8495,6513.73.94.14.33.5

At contracting establishments

4,6654,8585,4905,3864,6782.93.13.43.42.9

At closing establishments

1,3241,3201,1791,4639730.80.80.70.90.6

Net employment change (2)

7436267426991,5710.60.30.50.41.0

Professional and business services

 

Gross job gains

23,74524,84926,31922,77823,0666.36.67.06.06.1

At expanding establishments

19,23820,69522,21217,26118,2855.15.55.94.54.8

At opening establishments

4,5074,1544,1075,5174,7811.21.11.11.51.3

Gross job losses

25,69423,65822,16125,83020,9856.86.25.86.85.5

At contracting establishments

21,05919,01618,76320,65217,8295.65.04.95.44.7

At closing establishments

4,6354,6423,3985,1783,1561.21.20.91.40.8

Net employment change (2)

-1,9491,1914,158-3,0522,081-0.50.41.2-0.80.6

Education and health services

 

Gross job gains

19,14519,40321,23320,17220,1964.44.54.94.64.5

At expanding establishments

14,37513,49516,94714,91613,8123.33.13.93.43.1

At opening establishments

4,7705,9084,2865,2566,3841.11.41.01.21.4

Gross job losses

17,19018,31015,74118,50716,6423.94.23.64.23.8

At contracting establishments

13,20614,20012,12513,54413,6583.03.32.83.13.1

At closing establishments

3,9844,1103,6164,9632,9840.90.90.81.10.7

Net employment change (2)

1,9551,0935,4921,6653,5540.50.31.30.40.7

Leisure and hospitality

 

Gross job gains

25,95626,18923,37325,12828,5548.68.77.88.49.3

At expanding establishments

21,94922,02919,94120,57723,2387.37.36.76.97.6

At opening establishments

4,0074,1603,4324,5515,3161.31.41.11.51.7

Gross job losses

23,17426,09426,30825,43220,1687.78.68.78.56.6

At contracting establishments

20,18023,23723,51821,93617,9806.77.77.87.35.9

At closing establishments

2,9942,8572,7903,4962,1881.00.90.91.20.7

Net employment change (2)

2,78295-2,935-3048,3860.90.1-0.9-0.12.7

Other services (3)

 

Gross job gains

4,8015,2274,9554,7515,0476.57.16.76.57.0

At expanding establishments

3,9644,4114,0483,5243,8975.46.05.54.85.4

At opening establishments

8378169071,2271,1501.11.11.21.71.6

Gross job losses

4,6274,3605,3155,3094,6586.36.07.27.26.4

At contracting establishments

3,8723,5914,4904,1813,7265.34.96.15.75.1

At closing establishments

7557698251,1289321.01.11.11.51.3

Net employment change (2)

174867-360-5583890.21.1-0.5-0.70.6

Footnotes:
(1) Includes unclassified sector not shown separately.
(2) The net employment change is the difference between total gross job gains and total gross job losses. See the Technical Note for further information.
(3) Except public administration.
 

Table 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of total employment by state, seasonally adjusted
CategoryGross job gains as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Gross job losses as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Mar.
2016
June
2016
Sept.
2016
Dec.
2016
Mar.
2017
Mar.
2016
June
2016
Sept.
2016
Dec.
2016
Mar.
2017

United States(1)

6.06.26.46.26.05.76.05.85.95.4

Alabama

5.95.86.25.86.15.55.95.85.85.2

Alaska

9.610.49.19.89.49.611.211.210.09.8

Arizona

5.96.27.26.05.85.76.05.25.55.4

Arkansas

5.55.46.25.95.65.45.95.65.45.0

California

6.66.96.96.96.76.36.66.26.36.0

Colorado

6.67.07.16.66.86.16.56.26.56.2

Connecticut

5.35.45.25.15.55.05.45.45.25.1

Delaware

6.66.86.36.26.66.56.76.66.25.9

District of Columbia

5.35.96.25.65.75.65.85.85.64.7

Florida

6.26.57.46.76.15.85.95.86.15.5

Georgia

6.26.96.76.66.35.86.45.95.85.8

Hawaii

5.25.46.05.05.15.05.84.85.04.8

Idaho

8.27.27.97.57.96.57.07.36.76.3

Illinois

5.66.05.76.15.85.65.95.75.65.4

Indiana

5.55.45.85.45.75.35.25.15.25.1

Iowa

6.15.76.15.76.15.46.25.85.95.5

Kansas

5.85.76.25.95.85.96.35.65.75.6

Kentucky

5.96.26.86.15.76.06.06.35.85.4

Louisiana

6.06.06.85.96.46.76.96.56.55.9

Maine

7.27.76.77.47.26.96.87.47.16.4

Maryland

6.26.46.66.66.16.06.25.96.25.9

Massachusetts

5.46.05.75.65.55.15.25.45.45.1

Michigan

5.35.95.75.55.64.95.45.55.45.0

Minnesota

5.55.96.15.75.85.25.55.55.74.7

Mississippi

5.95.76.36.35.76.26.55.55.65.9

Missouri

5.65.75.75.75.95.35.45.45.64.9

Montana

7.97.97.67.88.17.38.67.77.57.1

Nebraska

5.95.76.45.75.95.55.95.96.25.2

Nevada

6.46.56.86.26.65.95.85.55.65.2

New Hampshire

6.06.56.46.35.75.85.96.35.95.6

New Jersey

5.86.46.36.45.56.05.75.95.95.8

New Mexico

6.46.47.06.66.46.46.76.26.56.2

New York

6.26.36.36.16.25.85.85.95.95.7

North Carolina

6.16.36.36.36.25.65.85.95.75.5

North Dakota

6.76.88.26.77.68.98.97.17.76.7

Ohio

5.55.65.75.75.75.25.75.75.45.1

Oklahoma

5.75.86.36.56.36.36.86.06.36.5

Oregon

7.16.86.96.66.95.86.66.46.35.7

Pennsylvania

5.45.35.65.45.25.35.45.15.15.0

Rhode Island

5.86.15.65.76.35.96.25.95.85.9

South Carolina

6.06.36.36.56.06.05.85.65.45.6

South Dakota

6.26.46.46.06.46.16.26.26.15.9

Tennessee

5.45.85.95.85.15.25.45.25.14.9

Texas

5.45.86.25.95.85.85.55.55.45.2

Utah

7.36.77.46.87.76.06.46.76.46.1

Vermont

6.77.47.27.06.66.97.27.47.06.8

Virginia

5.96.56.26.26.06.06.16.15.95.6

Washington

7.17.36.77.16.86.06.06.66.75.6

West Virginia

5.95.86.56.46.36.96.96.46.26.4

Wisconsin

5.65.75.55.55.95.25.75.65.34.8

Wyoming

8.17.78.58.88.89.410.68.88.78.1

Puerto Rico

5.75.65.85.85.16.05.55.75.45.7

Virgin Islands

6.06.56.26.05.35.85.76.86.05.5

Footnotes
(1) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.
 

 

Last Modified Date: Friday, December 29, 2017