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News Release Information

17-52-KAN
Wednesday, January 18, 2017

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Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (816) 285-7000

Consumer Price Index, Kansas City – Second Half 2016

Prices increased 0.9 percent from the second half of 2015 to the second half of 2016

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) for the Kansas City, Mo.-Kan., metropolitan area increased 0.9 percent from the second half of 2015 to the second half of 2016, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Stanley W. Suchman noted that higher costs for shelter (2.6 percent) and medical care (4.6 percent) had the largest upward impacts on the index. The overall increase was moderated by lower costs for expenditure categories such as motor fuel (-7.2 percent) and apparel (-4.3 percent). The energy index decreased 0.3 percent and food prices were virtually unchanged, down 0.1 percent. The all items less food and energy index advanced 1.4 percent over the year.   

Food

Food prices registered little change (-0.1 percent) from the second half of 2015 to the second half of 2016 due to offsetting movements within the index. Costs for food at home were 1.5 percent lower, while prices for food away from home rose 1.9 percent over the year. These compared with changes of -0.2 and 1.6 percent, respectively, in the same period one year ago.

Energy

The energy index, which includes motor fuel and household fuels, decreased a modest 0.3 percent from the second half of 2015 to the second half of 2016, due to offsetting movements over the year. Price decreases during the first half of the period were largely offset by increases during the most recent half. Lower prices for motor fuel (-7.2 percent) were largely responsible for the decrease in the energy index, though the magnitude was moderated as prices rose during the second half of the period. Costs for utility (piped) gas service (3.4 percent) and electricity (6.9 percent) were up over the year. During the same period one year ago, energy costs declined 14.3 percent, motor fuel costs fell 23.8 percent, prices for utility (piped) gas service were down 14.8 percent, and electricity costs rose 2.8 percent.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy increased 1.4 percent from the second half of 2015 to the second half of 2016, after registering a gain of 2.0 percent in the same period one year ago. Shelter costs advanced 2.6 percent and had the largest upward impact on the all items less food and energy index. Other expenditure categories that registered higher prices over the year included medical care (4.6 percent) and other goods and services (1.7 percent). In contrast, prices for apparel (-4.3 percent) were among those that declined over the period.

The Kansas City CPI-U stood at 225.156 for the second half of 2016. This means that a market basket of goods and services that cost $100.00 in the 1982-84 base period cost $225.16 in the second half of 2016. Because metropolitan area CPI data are not adjusted for seasonal price variation, consumers and businesses should be cautious in drawing conclusions about long-term retail price trends from short-term changes in the metropolitan area indexes.

CPI-W

The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) for the Kansas City, Mo.-Kan., metropolitan area for the second half of 2016 was 215.325. The CPI-W increased 0.7 percent from the second half of 2015 to the second half of 2016.

The Consumer Price Index for the First Half of 2017 is scheduled to be released on July 14, 2017.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 89 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 28 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 24,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between areas; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Kansas City, Mo.-Kan., area covered in this release includes Johnson, Leavenworth, Miami, and Wyandotte Counties in Kansas; and Cass, Clay, Clinton, Jackson, Lafayette, Platte, and Ray Counties in Missouri.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes for semiannual averages and percent changes for selected periods

Kansas City, MO-KS (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

 
Semiannual average indexes
 
Percent change to
2nd half 2016 from-
2nd half
2015
1st half
2016
2nd half
2016
2nd half
2015
1st half
2016

Expenditure category

 
 

All Items

223.051222.963225.1560.91.0

All items (1967=100)

662.319662.056668.568  

Food and beverages

256.995257.393256.807-0.1-0.2

Food

262.238262.669261.866-0.1-0.3

Food at home

250.644249.547246.847-1.5-1.1

Food away from home

280.691283.599286.0051.90.8

Alcoholic beverages

196.205196.394197.6720.70.7

Housing

212.652214.379217.8052.41.6

Shelter

237.754240.152243.8982.61.6

Rent of primary residence(1)

244.553246.057250.1462.31.7

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(1)(2)

232.980235.752239.4952.81.6

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)(2)

232.980235.752239.4952.81.6

Fuels and utilities

228.211229.021239.6645.04.6

Household energy

190.042189.950200.6575.65.6

Energy services(1)

187.788187.969198.5305.75.6

Electricity(1)

162.729164.219173.9256.95.9

Utility (piped) gas service(1)

175.896173.163181.8443.45.0

Household furnishings and operations

123.274123.940121.934-1.1-1.6

Apparel

113.271115.314108.345-4.3-6.0

Transportation

193.754186.195189.955-2.02.0

Private transportation

190.784182.426186.884-2.02.4

Motor fuel

211.472175.268196.168-7.211.9

Gasoline (all types)

210.870174.716195.582-7.211.9

Gasoline, unleaded regular(3)

205.278168.989189.326-7.812.0

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(3)(4)

256.434220.676244.913-4.511.0

Gasoline, unleaded premium(3)

215.168187.095208.870-2.911.6

Medical Care

351.078355.503367.1294.63.3

Recreation(5)

130.430131.011129.729-0.5-1.0

Education and communication(5)

126.657125.488125.802-0.70.3

Other goods and services

390.107395.622396.6011.70.2
 

Commodity and Service Group

 
 

All Items

223.051222.963225.1560.91.0

Commodities

184.292181.264181.170-1.7-0.1

Commodities less food & beverages

150.384145.920146.004-2.90.1

Nondurables less food & beverages

195.169186.746190.926-2.22.2

Durables

107.470106.664104.186-3.1-2.3

Services

260.832263.455267.7812.71.6
 

Special aggregate indexes:

 
 

All items less medical care

215.827215.469217.1180.60.8

All items less shelter

219.148218.087219.6970.30.7

Commodities less food

152.136147.842147.970-2.70.1

Nondurables

224.884220.653222.629-1.00.9

Nondurables less food

195.874188.056192.001-2.02.1

Services less rent of shelter(2)

297.152300.077305.1732.71.7

Services less medical care services

247.680250.064254.0962.61.6

Energy

202.359186.212201.685-0.38.3

All items less energy

226.388227.955228.9481.10.4

All items less food and energy

220.554222.293223.5471.40.6

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
 

Table 2. Consumer Price Index for Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): Indexes for semiannual averages and percent changes for selected periods

Kansas City, MO-KS (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

 
Semiannual average indexes
 
Percent change to
2nd half 2016 from-
2nd half
2015
1st half
2016
2nd half
2016
2nd half
2015
1st half
2016

Expenditure category

 
 

All Items

213.868213.196215.3250.71.0

All items (1967=100)

626.633624.664630.903  

Food and beverages

259.831259.773259.074-0.3-0.3

Food

264.192264.135263.141-0.4-0.4

Food at home

250.242248.784246.255-1.6-1.0

Food away from home

287.437290.218292.8291.90.9

Alcoholic beverages

200.198200.579201.9640.90.7

Housing

203.691205.214208.4932.41.6

Shelter

224.932227.212230.8022.61.6

Rent of primary residence(1)

244.553246.057250.1462.31.7

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(1)(2)

212.114214.638218.0452.81.6

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)(2)

212.114214.638218.0452.81.6

Fuels and utilities

228.152228.864239.5845.04.7

Household energy

190.412190.110200.8495.55.6

Energy services(1)

188.408188.631199.2455.85.6

Electricity(1)

162.731164.221173.9276.95.9

Utility (piped) gas service(1)

175.895173.162181.8433.45.0

Household furnishings and operations

111.770112.441109.642-1.9-2.5

Apparel

104.280106.550100.626-3.5-5.6

Transportation

179.155169.706173.435-3.22.2

Private transportation

177.767168.115171.970-3.32.3

Motor fuel

211.469175.213196.100-7.311.9

Gasoline (all types)

210.865174.712195.578-7.211.9

Gasoline, unleaded regular(3)

205.276168.987189.324-7.812.0

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(3)(4)

256.434220.676244.913-4.511.0

Gasoline, unleaded premium(3)

215.160187.088208.862-2.911.6

Medical Care

358.431363.653375.7224.83.3

Recreation(5)

128.708129.432127.213-1.2-1.7

Education and communication(5)

114.530113.167113.224-1.10.1

Other goods and services

423.491429.832431.5051.90.4
 

Commodity and Service Group

 
 

All Items

213.868213.196215.3250.71.0

Commodities

180.299176.358176.114-2.3-0.1

Commodities less food & beverages

145.284139.552139.455-4.0-0.1

Nondurables less food & beverages

193.348182.878187.785-2.92.7

Durables

108.145107.286104.610-3.3-2.5

Services

251.338253.865258.5102.91.8
 

Special aggregate indexes:

 
 

All items less medical care

207.560206.612208.3540.40.8

All items less shelter

210.680208.849210.429-0.10.8

Commodities less food

147.182141.595141.550-3.80.0

Nondurables

225.016219.429221.898-1.41.1

Nondurables less food

194.460184.447189.025-2.82.5

Services less rent of shelter(2)

259.681262.283267.6823.12.1

Services less medical care services

238.302240.561244.9332.81.8

Energy

199.800182.606198.213-0.88.5

All items less energy

217.249218.758219.4571.00.3

All items less food and energy

208.045209.765210.6771.30.4

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a December 1984=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
 

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, January 18, 2017