Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

News Release Information

17-50-KAN
Wednesday, January 18, 2017

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (816) 285-7000

Consumer Price Index, Midwest Region – December 2016

Prices in the Midwest little changed in December, but 1.8 percent higher over the year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) in the Midwest was virtually unchanged, edging up 0.1 percent in December, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Movements within the index were mixed, with prices for motor fuel (6.0 percent) having the largest upward impact and costs for apparel (-4.3 percent) contributing the largest offsetting movement. The broader energy index was 2.7 percent higher over the month, but food prices were little changed (-0.1 percent). The index for all items less food and energy also changed little over the month, down 0.1 percent. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

The CPI-U for the Midwest rose 1.8 percent from December 2015 to December 2016. (See chart 1 and table A.) Food prices decreased 0.4 percent, and the energy index, which includes motor fuel and household fuels, was up 8.1 percent. Excluding food and energy, the CPI-U advanced 1.7 percent over the year. (See table 1.)

Food

Food prices in the Midwest were virtually unchanged, down 0.1 percent, in December. Prices for food at home declined 0.3 percent while costs for food away from home, up 0.1 percent, changed little over the month.

The index for food decreased 0.4 percent in 2016. Prices for food at home registered their fifteenth consecutive over-the-year decrease and ended the year 2.4 percent lower than in December 2015. Costs for food away from home were 2.5 percent higher over the year.  

Energy

The energy index had the greatest upward impact on the all items index, turning up 2.7 percent in December following two consecutive monthly declines. Motor fuel prices led the rise with a 6.0-percent increase in December after leading the index downward in November with a decline of the same magnitude. Costs for electricity (-0.3 percent) and utility (piped) gas service (-0.2 percent) were lower over the month.

Energy costs rose 8.1 percent from December 2015 to December 2016 and posted their first over-the-year increase since September 2014.  Motor fuel prices also turned up after more than two years of annual declines and advanced 14.9 percent in 2016. Costs for utility (piped) gas service contributed to the rise in energy costs with a gain of 8.9 percent, but electricity prices were unchanged over the year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy for the Midwest was little changed in December, down 0.1 percent, due to offsetting movements. Apparel prices reflected seasonal trends with a decrease of 4.3 percent in December after declining 1.9 percent in the prior month. Expenditure categories registering higher prices over the month included owners’ equivalent rent of residences (0.2 percent) and other goods and services (0.6 percent).

The index for all items less food and energy was up 1.7 percent from December 2015 to December 2016. A 2.9-percent rise in shelter costs led the advance. Prices for medical care, up 4.7 percent, had the next largest upward impact as prices for medical care services rose 4.8 percent and costs for medical care commodities increased 4.1 percent. Among the expenditure categories that ended 2016 with lower prices were new and used motor vehicles (-1.5 percent), apparel (-2.4 percent), household furnishings and operations (-1.6 percent) and education and communication (-0.2 percent).

The Midwest Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) stood at 226.794 in December 2016. A typical market basket of goods and services that cost $100.00 in the 1982-84 base period cost $226.79 in December 2016.

CPI-W

In December, the Midwest Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) was 220.938, up 0.2 percent over the month. The CPI-W increased 1.8 percent over the year.

Table A. Midwest region CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month20122013201420152016
1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month

January

0.62.80.11.30.51.4-0.6-0.30.30.8

February

0.22.71.12.20.60.90.3-0.50.00.4

March

1.02.80.21.40.91.50.6-0.90.60.5

April

0.22.3-0.11.20.31.90.1-1.10.40.8

May

-0.11.50.51.80.21.60.4-0.80.40.8

June

-0.11.40.32.20.51.70.5-0.70.60.8

July

0.01.3-0.41.8-0.31.80.0-0.5-0.50.4

August

0.71.80.11.2-0.21.60.0-0.30.10.6

September

0.31.90.11.00.11.6-0.3-0.80.21.1

October

-0.32.2-0.50.8-0.51.6-0.1-0.3-0.11.0

November

-0.41.8-0.21.0-0.61.2-0.5-0.2-0.31.2

December

-0.21.8-0.21.0-0.70.7-0.60.00.11.8

The January 2017 Consumer Price Index for the Midwest region is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, February 15, 2017.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 89 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 28 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 24,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between areas; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Midwest region is comprised of Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

Midwest (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

 
Indexes
 
Percent change from-
Oct.
2016
Nov.
2016
Dec.
2016
Dec.
2015
Oct.
2016
Nov.
2016

Expenditure category

 
 

All Items

227.358226.673226.7941.8-0.20.1

All items (December 1977=100)

369.924368.810369.006   

Food and beverages

240.694239.741239.494-0.3-0.5-0.1

Food

240.215239.266238.923-0.4-0.5-0.1

Food at home

226.418224.801224.151-2.4-1.0-0.3

Food away from home

263.390263.583263.7672.50.10.1

Alcoholic beverages

245.048244.058245.2041.20.10.5

Housing

217.842217.903217.8672.40.00.0

Shelter

257.898258.337258.3482.90.20.0

Rent of primary residence(1)

256.812257.599258.2282.90.60.2

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(1)(2)

261.657262.476263.0422.90.50.2

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)(2)

261.647262.463263.0282.90.50.2

Fuels and utilities

214.514214.152214.2493.1-0.10.0

Household energy

175.687175.203175.1442.9-0.30.0

Energy services(1)

183.223182.653182.1972.7-0.6-0.2

Electricity(1)

198.414196.587196.0590.0-1.2-0.3

Utility (piped) gas service(1)

147.027148.536148.2298.90.8-0.2

Household furnishings and operations

114.233113.379113.109-1.6-1.0-0.2

Apparel

120.841118.575113.436-2.4-6.1-4.3

Transportation

192.021189.630192.1642.90.11.3

Private transportation

186.761184.199186.9103.30.11.5

New and used motor vehicles(3)

97.07596.53496.626-1.5-0.50.1

New vehicles

138.623138.778138.938-0.60.20.1

New cars and trucks(3)(4)

97.98398.14998.261-0.60.30.1

New cars(4)

134.836135.129134.687-0.9-0.1-0.3

Used cars and trucks

140.615138.451138.152-3.2-1.8-0.2

Motor fuel

200.608188.560199.91214.9-0.36.0

Gasoline (all types)

199.519187.382198.80915.1-0.46.1

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

193.667181.479192.96415.4-0.46.3

Gasoline, Unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

232.708219.491232.28114.0-0.25.8

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

223.743213.638223.66613.60.04.7

Medical Care

476.005477.271477.4764.70.30.0

Medical care commodities

384.715381.666382.6724.1-0.50.3

Medical care services

506.627509.428509.3464.80.50.0

Professional services

407.456413.224412.9014.81.3-0.1

Recreation(3)

118.379118.505117.9841.0-0.3-0.4

Education and communication(3)

140.679140.313140.552-0.2-0.10.2

Other goods and services

410.481410.145412.6122.40.50.6
 

Commodity and Service Group

 
 

All Items

227.358226.673226.7941.8-0.20.1

Commodities

176.386174.471174.6450.4-1.00.1

Commodities less food & beverages

145.235142.994143.3310.9-1.30.2

Nondurables less food & beverages

187.811183.686184.4353.3-1.80.4

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

231.805226.466230.9895.3-0.42.0

Durables

103.756103.066103.073-2.2-0.70.0

Services

279.926280.495280.5622.80.20.0

Rent of shelter(2)

265.035265.471265.4822.90.20.0

Transportation services

297.744300.125300.7752.01.00.2

Other services

334.135334.004334.1261.50.00.0
 

Special aggregate indexes:

 
 

All items less medical care

215.587214.809214.9261.5-0.30.1

All items less food

225.153224.512224.7062.2-0.20.1

All items less shelter

218.594217.503217.6631.4-0.40.1

Commodities less food

148.362146.145146.5030.9-1.30.2

Nondurables

213.835211.204211.4811.3-1.10.1

Nondurables less food

190.836186.888187.6583.2-1.70.4

Nondurables less food and apparel

231.612226.684230.8864.9-0.31.9

Services less rent of shelter(2)

312.469313.216313.3472.60.30.0

Services less medical care services

263.032263.438263.5162.50.20.0

Energy

187.192181.718186.5818.1-0.32.7

All items less energy

234.145233.924233.5781.4-0.2-0.1

All items less food and energy

233.754233.665233.3171.7-0.2-0.1

Commodities less food and energy commodities

145.231144.090143.124-1.1-1.5-0.7

Energy commodities

199.951188.488199.79914.6-0.16.0

Services less energy services

292.280292.974293.0962.80.30.0

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
 

Regions defined as the four Census regions. Midwest includes Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.
 

Table 2. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

Midwest (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

 
Indexes
 
Percent change from-
Oct.
2016
Nov.
2016
Dec.
2016
Dec.
2015
Oct.
2016
Nov.
2016

Expenditure category

 
 

All Items

221.422220.560220.9381.8-0.20.2

All items (December 1977=100)

358.088356.695357.306   

Food and beverages

240.522239.342239.052-0.6-0.6-0.1

Food

240.041238.828238.435-0.7-0.7-0.2

Food at home

227.013225.150224.477-2.5-1.1-0.3

Food away from home

264.589264.729264.9182.50.10.1

Alcoholic beverages

246.605245.971247.3651.50.30.6

Housing

212.788212.953213.1212.50.20.1

Shelter

246.847247.415247.6772.80.30.1

Rent of primary residence(1)

257.429258.260258.8642.90.60.2

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(1)(2)

243.870244.640245.1592.90.50.2

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)(2)

243.868244.636245.1542.90.50.2

Fuels and utilities

215.568215.161215.2303.1-0.20.0

Household energy

176.426175.895175.8382.8-0.30.0

Energy services(1)

182.614181.961181.4702.6-0.6-0.3

Electricity(1)

196.441194.762194.292-0.1-1.1-0.2

Utility (piped) gas service(1)

148.654149.843149.3449.30.5-0.3

Household furnishings and operations

112.128111.257111.177-1.8-0.8-0.1

Apparel

118.284116.462111.581-2.9-5.7-4.2

Transportation

189.054185.941188.8663.2-0.11.6

Private transportation

185.725182.510185.5073.4-0.11.6

New and used motor vehicles(3)

96.72395.85995.890-1.9-0.90.0

New vehicles

141.593141.628141.986-0.70.30.3

Used cars and trucks

141.168139.023138.710-3.2-1.7-0.2

Motor fuel

200.987188.914200.28914.7-0.36.0

Gasoline (all types)

199.797187.655199.10014.9-0.36.1

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

193.780181.609193.09415.2-0.46.3

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

232.624219.398232.15514.0-0.25.8

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

223.462213.395223.42913.50.04.7

Medical Care

481.483482.770482.9224.60.30.0

Medical care commodities

376.491373.183374.1133.5-0.60.2

Medical care services

514.068516.982516.8544.90.50.0

Professional services

409.604415.777415.4825.11.4-0.1

Recreation(3)

114.319114.372113.7850.7-0.5-0.5

Education and communication(3)

132.270131.861132.022-0.5-0.20.1

Other goods and services

457.734457.311460.6872.60.60.7
 

Commodity and Service Group

 
 

All Items

221.422220.560220.9381.8-0.20.2

Commodities

178.440176.184176.7700.5-0.90.3

Commodities less food & beverages

148.383145.774146.6881.2-1.10.6

Nondurables less food & beverages

194.246189.554191.5934.1-1.41.1

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

241.232234.844240.7016.0-0.22.5

Durables

105.474104.539104.580-2.5-0.80.0

Services

272.257272.854273.0202.70.30.1

Rent of shelter(2)

245.271245.826246.0882.90.30.1

Transportation services

299.780302.212303.1582.61.10.3

Other services

308.541308.397308.3161.1-0.10.0
 

Special aggregate indexes:

 
 

All items less medical care

211.454210.510210.8971.5-0.30.2

All items less food

217.699216.897217.3982.2-0.10.2

All items less shelter

214.767213.386213.8101.3-0.40.2

Commodities less food

151.325148.747149.6761.2-1.10.6

Nondurables

217.597214.553215.4921.6-1.00.4

Nondurables less food

196.914192.422194.4303.9-1.31.0

Nondurables less food and apparel

240.101234.187239.6705.7-0.22.3

Services less rent of shelter(2)

276.431277.018277.0672.50.20.0

Services less medical care services

256.309256.763256.9472.40.20.1

Energy

187.081181.202186.4458.4-0.32.9

All items less energy

227.487227.214227.0181.2-0.2-0.1

All items less food and energy

225.136225.038224.8781.6-0.1-0.1

Commodities less food and energy commodities

147.780146.549145.844-1.3-1.3-0.5

Energy commodities

200.432188.981200.28014.4-0.16.0

Services less energy services

284.118284.869285.1162.70.40.1

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a December 1984=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
 

Regions defined as the four Census regions. Midwest includes Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.
 

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, January 18, 2017