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News Release Information

17-438-KAN
Friday, April 14, 2017

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Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (816) 285-7000

Consumer Price Index, Midwest Region – March 2017

Prices in the Midwest up 0.1 percent in March and 1.9 percent higher over the year

The March Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) in the Midwest was virtually unchanged, edging up a slight 0.1 percent, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Energy costs rose 0.6 percent over the month led by higher prices for gasoline (2.2 percent). Food prices were essentially unchanged (0.1 percent). Prices for all items less food and energy were unchanged in March due to offsetting movements within the index. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

The CPI-U for the Midwest rose 1.9 percent from March 2016 to March 2017. (See chart 1 and table A.) The energy index, which includes motor fuel and household fuels, was up 9.9 percent and food prices were 0.3 percent higher. Excluding food and energy, the CPI-U advanced 1.5 percent over the year. (See table 1.)

Food

Food prices (0.1 percent) were little changed in March. Costs for food at home rose 0.2 percent while prices for food away from home were virtually unchanged (0.1 percent) over the month.

From March 2016 to March 2017, the index for food increased 0.3 percent led by a 2.1-percent rise in costs for food away from home. Prices for food at home registered their 18th consecutive over-the-year decrease, down 0.8 percent.

Energy

The energy index rose 0.6 percent in March following a 2.3-percent decline in the prior month. Higher gasoline prices, up 2.2 percent, led the increase in the energy component. Electricity prices also contributed to the advance with an increase of 0.2 percent over the month. Conversely, costs for utility (piped) gas service were 2.6 percent lower.

Energy costs advanced 9.9 percent from March 2016 to March 2017. Gasoline prices rose 17.6 percent over the year. Costs for utility (piped) gas service increased 10.3 percent and prices for electricity were up 0.7 percent.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy for the Midwest was unchanged in March. Higher prices for apparel (1.8 percent) had the largest upward impact while lower prices for education and communication (-1.8 percent) registered the largest offsetting movement.

The index for all items less food and energy was up 1.5 percent from March 2016 to March 2017. Higher costs for shelter (2.5 percent) and medical care (3.3 percent) led the advance.

The Midwest Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) stood at 228.824 in March 2017. A typical market basket of goods and services that cost $100.00 in the 1982-84 base period cost $228.82 in March 2017.

CPI-W

In March, the Midwest Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) was 222.671, up 0.1 percent over the month. The CPI-W increased 1.8 percent over the year.

Table A. Midwest region CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month20132014201520162017
1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month

January

0.11.30.51.4-0.6-0.30.30.80.72.2

February

1.12.20.60.90.3-0.50.00.40.22.4

March

0.21.40.91.50.6-0.90.60.50.11.9

April

-0.11.20.31.90.1-1.10.40.8  

May

0.51.80.21.60.4-0.80.40.8  

June

0.32.20.51.70.5-0.70.60.8  

July

-0.41.8-0.31.80.0-0.5-0.50.4  

August

0.11.2-0.21.60.0-0.30.10.6  

September

0.11.00.11.6-0.3-0.80.21.1  

October

-0.50.8-0.51.6-0.1-0.3-0.11.0  

November

-0.21.0-0.61.2-0.5-0.2-0.31.2  

December

-0.21.0-0.70.7-0.60.00.11.8  

The April 2017 Consumer Price Index for the Midwest region is scheduled to be released on Friday, May 12, 2017.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 89 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 28 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 24,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between areas; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Midwest region is comprised of Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

Midwest (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

 
Indexes
 
Percent change from-
Jan.
2017
Feb.
2017
Mar.
2017
Mar.
2016
Jan.
2017
Feb.
2017

Expenditure category

 
 

All Items

228.279228.633228.8241.90.20.1

All items (December 1977=100)

371.422371.998372.309   

Food and beverages

240.077240.532240.8420.40.30.1

Food

239.464240.000240.3300.30.40.1

Food at home

225.083225.558225.919-0.80.40.2

Food away from home

263.637264.278264.5532.10.30.1

Alcoholic beverages

246.391245.662245.6800.4-0.30.0

Housing

219.369219.711219.7592.20.20.0

Shelter

259.528260.016260.3122.50.30.1

Rent of primary residence(1)

258.736259.003259.5872.80.30.2

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(1)(2)

263.522263.834264.3952.70.30.2

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)(2)

263.506263.812264.3702.70.30.2

Fuels and utilities

218.703218.321217.0843.8-0.7-0.6

Household energy

179.422178.854177.3863.8-1.1-0.8

Energy services(1)

186.608185.745184.4063.5-1.2-0.7

Electricity(1)

198.684197.811198.1920.7-0.20.2

Utility (piped) gas service(1)

155.269154.476150.42210.3-3.1-2.6

Household furnishings and operations

113.896114.268114.349-1.00.40.1

Apparel

113.754116.785118.9060.84.51.8

Transportation

195.395193.850195.2233.5-0.10.7

Private transportation

190.013188.209189.4553.6-0.30.7

New and used motor vehicles(3)

96.98497.20797.259-2.20.30.1

New vehicles

140.162140.337139.876-0.6-0.2-0.3

New cars and trucks(3)(4)

98.99999.12198.802-0.7-0.2-0.3

New cars(4)

136.756137.672136.5620.0-0.1-0.8

Used cars and trucks

138.051138.424139.845-4.61.31.0

Motor fuel

212.034202.461206.88217.6-2.42.2

Gasoline (all types)

210.904201.278205.74517.6-2.42.2

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

204.966195.197199.74617.7-2.52.3

Gasoline, Unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

246.015237.973241.43116.7-1.91.5

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

234.328226.251229.83016.9-1.91.6

Medical Care

479.115480.573479.2533.30.0-0.3

Medical care commodities

386.773388.355389.6103.80.70.3

Medical care services

510.100511.508509.2743.1-0.2-0.4

Professional services

413.960415.610414.3033.60.1-0.3

Recreation(3)

118.860120.781121.4472.62.20.6

Education and communication(3)

140.444140.076137.614-1.9-2.0-1.8

Other goods and services

412.612412.232412.3231.4-0.10.0
 

Commodity and Service Group

 
 

All Items

228.279228.633228.8241.90.20.1

Commodities

176.159176.119176.7521.10.30.4

Commodities less food & beverages

145.170144.935145.6771.60.30.5

Nondurables less food & beverages

187.971187.154188.9474.70.51.0

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

236.605233.321234.9146.1-0.70.7

Durables

103.529103.741103.652-2.40.1-0.1

Services

282.021282.777282.5172.40.2-0.1

Rent of shelter(2)

266.708267.212267.5012.50.30.1

Transportation services

302.297303.383304.9212.80.90.5

Other services

335.288337.388335.4801.00.1-0.6
 

Special aggregate indexes:

 
 

All items less medical care

216.404216.705216.9681.70.30.1

All items less food

226.341226.666226.8342.10.20.1

All items less shelter

219.271219.580219.7351.60.20.1

Commodities less food

148.333148.084148.8111.50.30.5

Nondurables

213.626213.412214.5062.30.40.5

Nondurables less food

191.061190.250191.9434.40.50.9

Nondurables less food and apparel

236.083233.040234.4875.5-0.70.6

Services less rent of shelter(2)

315.145316.220315.3482.30.1-0.3

Services less medical care services

265.024265.732265.6162.30.20.0

Energy

194.261189.806190.8729.9-1.70.6

All items less energy

234.471235.303235.4101.30.40.0

All items less food and energy

234.276235.165235.2321.50.40.0

Commodities less food and energy commodities

143.776144.568144.920-0.80.80.2

Energy commodities

211.647202.786206.72017.4-2.31.9

Services less energy services

294.254295.187295.0402.30.30.0

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
 

Regions defined as the four Census regions. Midwest includes Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.
 

Table 2. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

Midwest (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

 
Indexes
 
Percent change from-
Jan.
2017
Feb.
2017
Mar.
2017
Mar.
2016
Jan.
2017
Feb.
2017

Expenditure category

 
 

All Items

222.428222.507222.6711.80.10.1

All items (December 1977=100)

359.715359.843360.109   

Food and beverages

239.662240.160240.3950.20.30.1

Food

239.048239.608239.8310.10.30.1

Food at home

225.479226.040226.238-0.90.30.1

Food away from home

264.722265.274265.5462.10.30.1

Alcoholic beverages

247.930247.413247.8500.80.00.2

Housing

214.425214.683214.7532.30.20.0

Shelter

248.484248.857249.2472.50.30.2

Rent of primary residence(1)

259.386259.662260.2332.80.30.2

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(1)(2)

245.616245.864246.3672.70.30.2

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)(2)

245.613245.859246.3612.70.30.2

Fuels and utilities

219.798219.524218.2533.7-0.7-0.6

Household energy

180.218179.754178.2653.8-1.1-0.8

Energy services(1)

185.951185.175183.8713.5-1.1-0.7

Electricity(1)

196.983196.274196.6220.7-0.20.2

Utility (piped) gas service(1)

156.744155.892151.74210.6-3.2-2.7

Household furnishings and operations

111.826112.130112.114-1.50.30.0

Apparel

111.766114.376116.8681.24.62.2

Transportation

192.194190.281191.8123.6-0.20.8

Private transportation

188.762186.740188.2513.6-0.30.8

New and used motor vehicles(3)

96.08696.35396.655-2.80.60.3

New vehicles

143.211143.513143.165-0.70.0-0.2

Used cars and trucks

138.600138.957140.374-4.71.31.0

Motor fuel

212.443202.924207.24417.6-2.42.1

Gasoline (all types)

211.212201.654206.00617.5-2.52.2

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

205.094195.433199.83017.7-2.62.2

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

245.895237.786241.33316.8-1.91.5

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

234.083225.941229.51816.9-2.01.6

Medical Care

484.842486.218484.8263.20.0-0.3

Medical care commodities

378.327380.004381.4673.30.80.4

Medical care services

517.937519.192516.7963.1-0.2-0.5

Professional services

416.489418.363416.5403.50.0-0.4

Recreation(3)

114.699116.270116.7271.71.80.4

Education and communication(3)

132.040131.596128.624-2.8-2.6-2.3

Other goods and services

460.918459.798460.5211.7-0.10.2
 

Commodity and Service Group

 
 

All Items

222.428222.507222.6711.80.10.1

Commodities

178.454178.109178.9341.20.30.5

Commodities less food & beverages

148.741148.075149.1071.80.20.7

Nondurables less food & beverages

195.810194.004196.1775.80.21.1

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

247.231242.974245.0397.0-0.90.8

Durables

104.938105.138105.278-3.00.30.1

Services

274.339274.870274.3382.20.0-0.2

Rent of shelter(2)

246.898247.271247.6462.60.30.2

Transportation services

304.157304.810305.8422.90.60.3

Other services

309.487310.890307.6960.1-0.6-1.0
 

Special aggregate indexes:

 
 

All items less medical care

212.369212.399212.6231.70.10.1

All items less food

219.023219.025219.1802.10.10.1

All items less shelter

215.559215.535215.6201.50.00.0

Commodities less food

151.706151.040152.0641.80.20.7

Nondurables

218.012217.296218.5572.70.20.6

Nondurables less food

198.467196.724198.8125.40.21.1

Nondurables less food and apparel

245.708241.761243.6896.5-0.80.8

Services less rent of shelter(2)

278.810279.462278.0091.9-0.3-0.5

Services less medical care services

258.273258.758258.3412.10.0-0.2

Energy

194.410189.751190.96110.3-1.80.6

All items less energy

227.750228.394228.4351.00.30.0

All items less food and energy

225.632226.292226.2991.20.30.0

Commodities less food and energy commodities

146.357146.977147.582-1.10.80.4

Energy commodities

212.152203.338207.15217.2-2.41.9

Services less energy services

286.055286.747286.3072.10.1-0.2

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a December 1984=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
 

Regions defined as the four Census regions. Midwest includes Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.
 

 

Last Modified Date: Friday, April 14, 2017