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News Release Information

17-1661-KAN
Wednesday, December 13, 2017

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Technical information:
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  • (816) 285-7000

Consumer Price Index, Midwest Region – November 2017

Prices in the Midwest up 0.2 percent in November and 1.9 percent higher over the year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) in the Midwest turned up 0.2 percent in November, following a decrease of the same magnitude in the prior month, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Higher costs for gasoline (7.7 percent) led the advance. Overall, energy prices were up 4.3 percent over the month. Food prices were down 0.2 percent in November and the index for all items less food and energy was virtually unchanged (-0.1 percent). (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

The CPI-U for the Midwest advanced 1.9 percent from November 2016 to November 2017. (See chart 1 and table A.) The energy index, which includes motor fuel and household fuels, rose 12.8 percent and food prices increased 1.1 percent. Excluding food and energy, the CPI-U was up 1.1 percent over the year. (See table 1.)

Food

Food prices in the Midwest decreased 0.2 percent in November following a gain of 0.3 percent in October. Costs for food at home were 0.5 percent lower over the month, but prices for food away from home were up 0.2 percent.

From November 2016 to November 2017, the index for food was 1.1 percent higher. Prices for food away from home rose 1.8 percent and prices for food at home were up 0.7 percent.

Energy

The energy index turned up 4.3 percent in November after declining 4.3 percent in the prior month. The advance was largely attributable to a 7.7-percent increase in gasoline prices. Electricity costs rose 1.6 percent in November following declines of 8.5 and 1.2 percent in October and September, respectively. Costs for utility (piped) gas service (-0.1 percent) were virtually unchanged over the month.

Energy costs rose 12.8 percent from November 2016 to November 2017 led by a 25.0-percent increase in gasoline prices. Higher costs for electricity (2.8 percent) and utility (piped) gas service (1.6 percent) also contributed to the increase.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy for the Midwest was little changed in November, down a slight 0.1 percent, due to offsetting movements within the index. Higher costs for shelter (0.2 percent) had the largest upward impact on the November index. Prices for apparel (-3.0 percent), household furnishings and operations (-1.0 percent) and recreation (-0.7 percent) were among those that were down over the month.

The index for all items less food and energy was up 1.1 percent from November 2016 to November 2017. Higher costs for shelter (2.5 percent) led the increase. Among the indexes that registered offsetting movements were new and used motor vehicles (-2.0 percent) and education and communication (-1.9 percent).

The Midwest Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) stood at 231.084 in November 2017. A typical market basket of goods and services that cost $100.00 in the 1982-84 base period cost $231.08 in November 2017.

CPI-W

In November, the Midwest Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) was 225.210. The CPI-W increased 0.3 percent in November and rose 2.1 percent over the year.

Table A. Midwest region CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month20132014201520162017
1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month

January

0.11.30.51.4-0.6-0.30.30.80.72.2

February

1.12.20.60.90.3-0.50.00.40.22.4

March

0.21.40.91.50.6-0.90.60.50.11.9

April

-0.11.20.31.90.1-1.10.40.80.41.8

May

0.51.80.21.60.4-0.80.40.80.01.4

June

0.32.20.51.70.5-0.70.60.80.00.9

July

-0.41.8-0.31.80.0-0.5-0.50.40.01.3

August

0.11.2-0.21.60.0-0.30.10.60.31.5

September

0.11.00.11.6-0.3-0.80.21.10.31.5

October

-0.50.8-0.51.6-0.1-0.3-0.11.0-0.21.5

November

-0.21.0-0.61.2-0.5-0.2-0.31.20.21.9

December

-0.21.0-0.70.7-0.60.00.11.8  

The December 2017 Consumer Price Index for the Midwest region is scheduled to be released on Friday, January 12, 2018.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 89 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 28 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 24,000 retail establishments–department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between areas; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Midwest region is comprised of Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

Midwest (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

 
Indexes
 
Percent change from-
Sep.
2017
Oct.
2017
Nov.
2017
Nov.
2016
Sep.
2017
Oct.
2017

Expenditure category

 
 

All Items

231.030230.660231.0841.90.00.2

All items (December 1977=100)

375.898375.297375.987   

Food and beverages

242.352243.137242.6431.20.1-0.2

Food

241.808242.612242.0061.10.1-0.2

Food at home

226.883227.606226.3880.7-0.2-0.5

Food away from home

266.908267.849268.2901.80.50.2

Alcoholic beverages

247.648248.135249.2712.10.70.5

Housing

223.455222.389222.7012.2-0.30.1

Shelter

264.066264.438264.8472.50.30.2

Rent of primary residence(1)

263.669264.525265.4923.10.70.4

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(1)(2)

268.022268.747269.5062.70.60.3

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)(2)

267.979268.703269.4622.70.60.3

Fuels and utilities

228.954218.676220.9003.2-3.51.0

Household energy

188.891178.315180.4223.0-4.51.2

Energy services(1)

196.870185.151187.0972.4-5.01.1

Electricity(1)

217.584198.999202.1502.8-7.11.6

Utility (piped) gas service(1)

150.832151.019150.8831.60.0-0.1

Household furnishings and operations

113.046113.181112.010-1.2-0.9-1.0

Apparel

120.438122.206118.508-0.1-1.6-3.0

Transportation

196.614195.305198.6484.81.01.7

Private transportation

191.783190.238193.7685.21.01.9

New and used motor vehicles(3)

95.27394.59794.619-2.0-0.70.0

New vehicles

136.283135.425135.939-2.0-0.30.4

New cars and trucks(3)(4)

96.26695.67195.971-2.2-0.30.3

New cars(4)

132.554131.640132.373-2.0-0.10.6

Used cars and trucks

136.715135.278134.252-3.0-1.8-0.8

Motor fuel

225.246218.769235.47724.94.57.6

Gasoline (all types)

224.023217.436234.17225.04.57.7

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

218.049211.413228.18925.74.77.9

Gasoline, Unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

258.803252.232267.31821.83.36.0

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

246.917241.312256.10319.93.76.1

Medical Care

478.861478.733479.9980.60.20.3

Medical care commodities

388.445386.422388.8501.90.10.6

Medical care services

509.160509.709510.5530.20.30.2

Professional services

415.589415.674416.5910.80.20.2

Recreation(3)

122.565122.531121.6902.7-0.7-0.7

Education and communication(3)

137.110137.489137.609-1.90.40.1

Other goods and services

416.205418.438418.8692.10.60.1
 

Commodity and Service Group

 
 

All Items

231.030230.660231.0841.90.00.2

Commodities

177.734177.462177.8792.00.10.2

Commodities less food & beverages

146.417145.731146.4992.50.10.5

Nondurables less food & beverages

193.642193.071195.1926.30.81.1

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

241.662239.590245.4498.41.62.4

Durables

101.408100.682100.394-2.6-1.0-0.3

Services

285.978285.509285.9401.90.00.2

Rent of shelter(2)

271.397271.784272.2422.60.30.2

Transportation services

303.025305.915305.8631.90.90.0

Other services

337.322338.254337.9911.20.2-0.1
 

Special aggregate indexes:

 
 

All items less medical care

219.299218.917219.3012.10.00.2

All items less food

229.155228.598229.1872.10.00.3

All items less shelter

221.411220.774221.2071.7-0.10.2

Commodities less food

149.586148.926149.7072.40.10.5

Nondurables

217.704217.776218.6613.50.40.4

Nondurables less food

196.484195.972198.0376.00.81.1

Nondurables less food and apparel

240.778238.941244.3547.81.52.3

Services less rent of shelter(2)

318.538317.109317.5371.4-0.30.1

Services less medical care services

269.332268.789269.1902.2-0.10.1

Energy

205.385196.531204.94512.8-0.24.3

All items less energy

236.430236.893236.5331.10.0-0.2

All items less food and energy

236.172236.574236.2591.10.0-0.1

Commodities less food and energy commodities

143.673143.634142.537-1.1-0.8-0.8

Energy commodities

224.265218.390234.75524.54.77.5

Services less energy services

297.574298.292298.5671.90.30.1

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
 

Regions defined as the four Census regions. Midwest includes Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.
 

Table 2. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

Midwest (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

 
Indexes
 
Percent change from-
Sep.
2017
Oct.
2017
Nov.
2017
Nov.
2016
Sep.
2017
Oct.
2017

Expenditure category

 
 

All Items

225.026224.515225.2102.10.10.3

All items (December 1977=100)

363.916363.091364.214   

Food and beverages

242.017242.836242.1311.20.0-0.3

Food

241.457242.305241.4991.10.0-0.3

Food at home

227.380228.190226.7820.7-0.3-0.6

Food away from home

268.157269.075269.5191.80.50.2

Alcoholic beverages

249.388249.722250.6701.90.50.4

Housing

218.549217.387217.9302.3-0.30.2

Shelter

252.777253.310253.8782.60.40.2

Rent of primary residence(1)

264.349265.193266.1693.10.70.4

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(1)(2)

249.654250.329251.0432.60.60.3

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)(2)

249.644250.318251.0282.60.60.3

Fuels and utilities

230.171219.594222.2183.3-3.51.2

Household energy

189.733178.918181.4073.1-4.41.4

Energy services(1)

196.287184.290186.6422.6-4.91.3

Electricity(1)

215.566196.962200.7253.1-6.91.9

Utility (piped) gas service(1)

151.996152.279152.0191.50.0-0.2

Household furnishings and operations

110.651110.759109.533-1.5-1.0-1.1

Apparel

118.967121.013117.1180.6-1.6-3.2

Transportation

194.125192.453196.1995.51.11.9

Private transportation

190.954189.185193.0365.81.12.0

New and used motor vehicles(3)

94.73893.97393.886-2.1-0.9-0.1

New vehicles

139.652138.740139.205-1.7-0.30.3

Used cars and trucks

137.237135.805134.770-3.1-1.8-0.8

Motor fuel

225.531219.318235.81624.84.67.5

Gasoline (all types)

224.201217.896234.40424.94.67.6

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

218.035211.709228.23925.74.77.8

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

258.464252.073267.11121.73.36.0

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

246.499241.115255.69019.83.76.0

Medical Care

483.706483.322484.5920.40.20.3

Medical care commodities

378.668376.551379.1721.60.10.7

Medical care services

516.286516.523517.2990.10.20.2

Professional services

417.739417.765418.5480.70.20.2

Recreation(3)

118.023117.797117.3132.6-0.6-0.4

Education and communication(3)

127.265127.597127.749-3.10.40.1

Other goods and services

464.575467.854468.5782.50.90.2
 

Commodity and Service Group

 
 

All Items

225.026224.515225.2102.10.10.3

Commodities

180.292179.907180.5862.50.20.4

Commodities less food & beverages

150.318149.470150.6743.40.20.8

Nondurables less food & beverages

202.026201.225204.6508.01.31.7

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

253.096250.726258.22610.02.03.0

Durables

103.064102.239101.762-2.7-1.3-0.5

Services

277.805277.150277.8761.80.00.3

Rent of shelter(2)

251.181251.715252.3202.60.50.2

Transportation services

305.315308.117308.5372.11.10.1

Other services

308.634309.201309.5210.40.30.1
 

Special aggregate indexes:

 
 

All items less medical care

215.111214.596215.2682.30.10.3

All items less food

221.643220.916221.8492.30.10.4

All items less shelter

217.581216.693217.4401.9-0.10.3

Commodities less food

153.288152.463153.6673.30.20.8

Nondurables

222.422222.390223.8634.30.60.7

Nondurables less food

204.448203.704207.0077.61.31.6

Nondurables less food and apparel

251.203249.053256.0109.31.92.8

Services less rent of shelter(2)

281.089279.220280.0111.1-0.40.3

Services less medical care services

262.030261.324262.0442.10.00.3

Energy

205.543196.906205.87913.60.24.6

All items less energy

229.357229.808229.5251.00.1-0.1

All items less food and energy

227.090227.468227.2811.00.1-0.1

Commodities less food and energy commodities

146.242146.164145.017-1.0-0.8-0.8

Energy commodities

224.616218.976235.08024.44.77.4

Services less energy services

288.698289.419289.9501.80.40.2

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a December 1984=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
 

Regions defined as the four Census regions. Midwest includes Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.
 

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, December 13, 2017