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News Release Information

18-92-KAN
Friday, January 12, 2018

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Consumer Price Index, Denver-Boulder-Greeley – Second Half 2017

Prices increased 3.7 percent from the second half of 2016 to the second half of 2017

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) for the Denver-Boulder-Greeley, Colo., metropolitan area increased 3.7 percent from the second half of 2016 to the second half of 2017, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Stanley W. Suchman noted that higher costs for shelter (4.9 percent) had the largest upward impact on the overall index. The energy index was up 8.9 percent and food prices rose 3.4 percent. The all items less food and energy index, which includes shelter, advanced 3.4 percent over the year.

 

Food

Food prices rose 3.4 percent from the second half of 2016 to the second half of 2017 after registering little change (0.2 percent) in the same period one year ago. Prices for food at home were up 2.2 percent while costs for food away from home advanced 5.0 percent over the year. Comparatively, from the second half of 2015 to the second half of 2016, prices for food at home were virtually unchanged (-0.1 percent) while costs for food away from home increased a moderate 0.6 percent.

Energy

The energy index, which includes motor fuel and household fuels, rose 8.9 percent from the second half of 2016 to the second half of 2017. Energy costs declined 4.6 percent in the same period one year ago. Higher prices for gasoline (13.8 percent) led the increase in the energy component. Prices for electricity and utility (piped) gas service increased 4.1 and 3.1 percent, respectively. During the same period one year ago, gasoline prices fell 9.6 percent, while electricity prices increased 1.8 percent and utility (piped) gas service costs were 1.0 percent higher.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy rose 3.4 percent from the second half of 2016 to the second half of 2017. Shelter costs had the greatest upward impact on the index with a gain of 4.9 percent after rising 7.0 percent in the same period one year ago. Other expenditure categories that registered higher prices over the year included medical care (6.8 percent) and recreation (3.8 percent).

The Denver CPI-U stood at 257.230 for the second half of 2017. This means that a market basket of goods and services that cost $100.00 in the 1982-84 base period cost $257.23 in the second half of 2017. Because metropolitan area CPI data are not adjusted for seasonal price variation, consumers and businesses should be cautious in drawing conclusions about long-term retail price trends from short-term changes in the area indexes.

CPI-W

The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) for the Denver-Boulder-Greeley, Colo., metropolitan area for the second half of 2017 was 246.186. The CPI-W increased 3.7 percent from the second half of 2016 to the second half of 2017.

The Consumer Price Index for January 2018 is scheduled to be released on February 14, 2018.

Consumer Price Index Geographic Revision for 2018

In January 2018, BLS will introduce a new geographic area sample for the Consumer Price Index (CPI). This index will change to a bimonthly publication schedule beginning in January, 2018. The first indexes using the new structure will be published in February 2018. Additional information on the geographic revision is available at: www.bls.gov/cpi/additional-resources/geographic-revision-2018.htm.  


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 89 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers 28 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 24,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between areas; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Denver-Boulder-Greeley, Colo., Metropolitan Statistical Area includes Adams, Arapahoe, Boulder, Broomfield, Denver, Douglas, Jefferson, and Weld Counties in Colorado.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon requestVoice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes for semiannual averages and percent changes for selected periods

Denver-Boulder-Greeley, CO (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

 
Semiannual average indexes
 
Percent change to
2nd half 2017 from-
2nd half
2016
1st half
2017
2nd half
2017
2nd half
2016
1st half
2017

Expenditure category

 
 

All Items

248.095252.760257.2303.71.8

All items (1967=100)

827.292842.848857.753  

Food and beverages

224.091229.067231.1633.20.9

Food

227.203232.618234.9713.41.0

Food at home

222.169224.394227.0242.21.2

Food away from home

233.853243.499245.4845.00.8

Alcoholic beverages

200.065200.028199.128-0.5-0.4

Housing

246.318252.354257.3274.52.0

Shelter

283.244290.950297.0874.92.1

Rent of primary residence(1)

293.807300.287306.2874.22.0

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(1)(2)

277.153284.845290.8775.02.1

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)(2)

277.153284.845290.8775.02.1

Fuels and utilities

231.863233.595238.2782.82.0

Household energy

163.152164.590169.5403.93.0

Energy services(1)

162.349163.451168.4823.83.1

Electricity(1)

170.539170.473177.6034.14.2

Utility (piped) gas service(1)

149.344152.455153.9213.11.0

Household furnishings and operations

113.084114.643115.1351.80.4

Apparel

103.01399.003106.5303.47.6

Transportation

238.249244.718247.1683.71.0

Private transportation

231.242235.850241.5764.52.4

Motor fuel

179.912190.957204.74113.87.2

Gasoline (all types)

178.652189.597203.29313.87.2

Gasoline, unleaded regular(3)

172.298183.156196.75914.27.4

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(3)(4)

180.051190.075201.84812.16.2

Gasoline, unleaded premium(3)

201.278211.872225.25511.96.3

Medical Care

539.710542.666576.2966.86.2

Recreation(5)

154.141160.585160.0473.8-0.3

Education and communication(5)

125.722123.867120.902-3.8-2.4

Other goods and services

356.968352.192353.044-1.10.2
 

Commodity and Service Group

 
 

All Items

248.095252.760257.2303.71.8

Commodities

166.325167.500169.7112.01.3

Commodities less food & beverages

136.861136.333138.5401.21.6

Nondurables less food & beverages

161.990161.347167.8153.64.0

Durables

111.049110.637108.859-2.0-1.6

Services

319.957328.053334.6564.62.0
 

Special aggregate indexes:

 
 

All items less medical care

234.609239.291242.6193.41.4

All items less shelter

231.424234.612238.2773.01.6

Commodities less food

139.336138.822140.9361.11.5

Nondurables

193.339195.388199.8183.42.3

Nondurables less food

164.477163.874169.8693.33.7

Services less rent of shelter(2)

369.432377.617384.2844.01.8

Services less medical care services

301.501309.703314.1634.21.4

Energy

167.858173.818182.8548.95.2

All items less energy

256.663261.265265.4083.41.6

All items less food and energy

262.726267.170271.6723.41.7

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a November 1982=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
 

Table 2. Consumer Price Index for Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): Indexes for semiannual averages and percent changes for selected periods

Denver-Boulder-Greeley, CO (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

 
Semiannual average indexes
 
Percent change to
2nd half 2017 from-
2nd half
2016
1st half
2017
2nd half
2017
2nd half
2016
1st half
2017

Expenditure category

 
 

All Items

237.407241.689246.1863.71.9

All items (1967=100)

790.215804.468819.439  

Food and beverages

225.556230.377232.9583.31.1

Food

228.762233.867236.6533.41.2

Food at home

223.348225.113228.4912.31.5

Food away from home

237.641248.617250.3525.30.7

Alcoholic beverages

205.924206.146205.194-0.4-0.5

Housing

240.059245.846250.6734.42.0

Shelter

271.405278.579284.4544.82.1

Rent of primary residence(1)

293.807300.287306.2874.22.0

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(1)(2)

258.736265.916271.5485.02.1

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)(2)

258.736265.916271.5485.02.1

Fuels and utilities

225.042226.611231.4242.82.1

Household energy

162.018163.289168.2483.83.0

Energy services(1)

162.624163.735168.7653.83.1

Electricity(1)

170.538170.472177.6024.14.2

Utility (piped) gas service(1)

149.345152.456153.9223.11.0

Household furnishings and operations

119.143121.626121.8432.30.2

Apparel

103.834100.087107.2763.37.2

Transportation

239.213246.935253.4966.02.7

Private transportation

234.169240.824249.7816.73.7

Motor fuel

180.080191.123204.92513.87.2

Gasoline (all types)

178.650189.594203.29113.87.2

Gasoline, unleaded regular(3)

172.301183.159196.76214.27.4

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(3)(4)

180.051190.075201.84812.16.2

Gasoline, unleaded premium(3)

201.305211.901225.28611.96.3

Medical Care

543.516545.846576.1626.05.6

Recreation(5)

132.771136.663135.3531.9-1.0

Education and communication(5)

119.256116.086112.715-5.5-2.9

Other goods and services

358.079350.222351.255-1.90.3
 

Commodity and Service Group

 
 

All Items

237.407241.689246.1863.71.9

Commodities

169.457171.022173.3582.31.4

Commodities less food & beverages

139.155138.955141.1611.41.6

Nondurables less food & beverages

167.649167.376173.5593.53.7

Durables

107.777107.655105.724-1.9-1.8

Services

305.776313.010319.8094.62.2
 

Special aggregate indexes:

 
 

All items less medical care

225.708229.971233.7343.61.6

All items less shelter

223.606226.634230.5473.11.7

Commodities less food

141.314141.124143.2561.41.5

Nondurables

199.554201.928206.3033.42.2

Nondurables less food

169.946169.697175.5473.33.4

Services less rent of shelter(2)

334.608341.166348.5644.22.2

Services less medical care services

287.703294.871300.1744.31.8

Energy

172.686178.778188.1418.95.2

All items less energy

245.188249.352253.4673.41.7

All items less food and energy

249.118253.047257.4893.41.8

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a November 1984=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
 

 

Last Modified Date: Friday, January 12, 2018