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News Release Information

18-91-KAN
Friday, January 12, 2018

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Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (816) 285-7000

Consumer Price Index, St. Louis – Second Half 2017

Prices increased 1.6 percent from the second half of 2016 to the second half of 2017

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) for the St. Louis, Mo.-Ill., metropolitan area increased 1.6 percent from the second half of 2016 to the second half of 2017, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Stanley W. Suchman noted that the increase was broad based with energy costs rising 9.8 percent and food prices up 2.1 percent. The all items less food and energy index, which includes shelter, rose 0.7 percent over the year.

Food

Food prices rose 2.1 percent from the second half of 2016 to the second half of 2017, compared to a 0.7-percent decrease in the same period one year ago. Costs for food at home were up 1.8 percent and prices for food away from home increased 2.7 percent. During the same period one year ago, these indexes declined 2.5 percent and rose 2.0 percent, respectively.

Energy

The energy index, which includes motor fuel and household fuels, turned up 9.8 percent from the second half of 2016 to the second half of 2017 after decreasing 5.4 percent in the same period one year ago. Costs for utility (piped) gas service rose 16.0 percent, gasoline prices were up 10.2 percent and electricity prices advanced 5.5 percent over the year. In the same period one year ago, prices for utility (piped) gas service decreased 3.6 percent, electricity costs declined 5.5 percent and gasoline prices were down 5.8 percent.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy rose a moderate 0.7 percent from the second half of 2016 to the second half of 2017, following an increase of 2.0 percent in the same period one year ago. Among the expenditure categories posting higher costs were shelter (1.0 percent) and medical care (2.8 percent). In contrast, the index for education and communication (-4.5 percent) was among the components that registered lower prices over the year.

The St. Louis CPI-U stood at 225.809 for the second half of 2017. This means that a market basket of goods and services that cost $100.00 in the 1982-84 base period cost $225.81 in the second half of 2017. Because metropolitan area CPI data are not adjusted for seasonal price variation, consumers and businesses should be cautious in drawing conclusions about long-term retail price trends from short-term changes in the metropolitan area indexes.

CPI-W

The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) for the St. Louis, Mo.-Ill., metropolitan area for the second half of 2017 was 223.583. The CPI-W increased 1.6 percent from the second half of 2016 to the second half of 2017.

The Consumer Price Index for February 2018 is scheduled to be released on March 13, 2018.

Consumer Price Index Geographic Revision for 2018

In January 2018, BLS will introduce a new geographic area sample for the Consumer Price Index (CPI). This index will change to a bimonthly publication schedule beginning in February 2018. The first indexes using the new structure will be published in February 2018. Additional information on the geographic revision is available at: www.bls.gov/cpi/additional-resources/geographic-revision-2018.htm.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 89 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 28 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 24,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between areas; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The St. Louis, Mo.-Ill., area covered in this release includes Clinton, Jersey, Madison, Monroe, and St. Clair Counties in Illinois; and Crawford (part), Franklin, Jefferson, Lincoln, St. Charles, St. Louis, and Warren Counties and St. Louis City in Missouri.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes for semiannual averages and percent changes for selected periods

St. Louis, MO-IL (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

 
Semiannual average indexes
 
Percent change to
2nd half 2017 from-
2nd half
2016
1st half
2017
2nd half
2017
2nd half
2016
1st half
2017

Expenditure category

 
 

All Items

222.357223.685225.8091.60.9

All items (1967=100)

660.438664.381670.688  

Food and beverages

247.099250.122252.1802.10.8

Food

246.273249.190251.5482.10.9

Food at home

226.344228.499230.3241.80.8

Food away from home

279.287283.495286.7542.71.1

Alcoholic beverages

228.984232.856231.3331.0-0.7

Housing

216.203216.917219.9251.71.4

Shelter

251.360254.321253.8521.0-0.2

Rent of primary residence(1)

227.178230.141232.4632.31.0

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(1)(2)

262.060263.260263.9170.70.2

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)(2)

262.060263.260263.9170.70.2

Fuels and utilities

216.280209.856233.9848.211.5

Household energy

195.802187.732214.2839.414.1

Energy services(1)

200.287191.124218.2369.014.2

Electricity(1)

219.923197.629232.0245.517.4

Utility (piped) gas service(1)

141.849151.397164.53516.08.7

Household furnishings and operations

121.307119.652120.248-0.90.5

Apparel

154.237159.034158.3112.6-0.5

Transportation

181.137184.218185.5502.40.7

Private transportation

181.081183.845185.9392.71.1

Motor fuel

200.586213.314221.15310.33.7

Gasoline (all types)

197.398209.921217.59310.23.7

Gasoline, unleaded regular(3)

189.682201.620209.13910.33.7

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(3)(4)

234.009249.702258.66810.53.6

Gasoline, unleaded premium(3)

206.357219.871227.14410.13.3

Medical Care

428.846438.783441.0482.80.5

Recreation(5)

119.109119.122118.748-0.3-0.3

Education and communication(5)

137.008129.616130.793-4.50.9

Other goods and services

307.199311.550319.9024.12.7
 

Commodity and Service Group

 
 

All Items

222.357223.685225.8091.60.9

Commodities

182.983185.259186.4651.90.7

Commodities less food & beverages

150.608152.500153.3311.80.5

Nondurables less food & beverages

200.139206.891210.9875.42.0

Durables

104.675103.114101.662-2.9-1.4

Services

263.016263.510266.5141.31.1
 

Special aggregate indexes:

 
 

All items less medical care

212.051212.946215.0631.41.0

All items less shelter

214.023214.759217.8681.81.4

Commodities less food

154.059156.025156.7911.80.5

Nondurables

224.112229.151232.3133.71.4

Nondurables less food

203.269209.861213.5915.11.8

Services less rent of shelter(2)

282.066279.986286.8961.72.5

Services less medical care services

247.122247.136250.6661.41.4

Energy

198.956199.788218.4389.89.3

All items less energy

227.495228.887229.5170.90.3

All items less food and energy

224.403225.552225.9080.70.2

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a November 1982=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
 

Table 2. Consumer Price Index for Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): Indexes for semiannual averages and percent changes for selected periods

St. Louis, MO-IL (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

 
Semiannual average indexes
 
Percent change to
2nd half 2017 from-
2nd half
2016
1st half
2017
2nd half
2017
2nd half
2016
1st half
2017

Expenditure category

 
 

All Items

220.082221.049223.5831.61.1

All items (1967=100)

647.493650.338657.793  

Food and beverages

248.523251.170253.2291.90.8

Food

248.068250.548253.1182.01.0

Food at home

229.296231.126233.4041.81.0

Food away from home

280.401284.154287.2572.41.1

Alcoholic beverages

221.257224.807222.8740.7-0.9

Housing

219.382219.747224.0692.12.0

Shelter

252.094254.749255.0821.20.1

Rent of primary residence(1)

227.178230.141232.4632.31.0

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(1)(2)

240.084241.184241.7850.70.2

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)(2)

240.084241.184241.7850.70.2

Fuels and utilities

221.286214.668240.0088.511.8

Household energy

199.303191.236218.5949.714.3

Energy services(1)

204.933194.793222.8238.714.4

Electricity(1)

219.922197.628232.0225.517.4

Utility (piped) gas service(1)

141.849151.397164.53616.08.7

Household furnishings and operations

113.773112.403113.429-0.30.9

Apparel

145.726151.284148.8312.1-1.6

Transportation

184.120186.858188.4242.30.8

Private transportation

183.116185.649187.6702.51.1

Motor fuel

200.405213.125221.00410.33.7

Gasoline (all types)

197.398209.922217.59310.23.7

Gasoline, unleaded regular(3)

189.673201.610209.13010.33.7

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(3)(4)

234.009249.702258.66810.53.6

Gasoline, unleaded premium(3)

206.366219.882227.15510.13.3

Medical Care

432.039441.201442.0302.30.2

Recreation(5)

120.351120.476120.160-0.2-0.3

Education and communication(5)

130.503122.853124.253-4.81.1

Other goods and services

328.887335.107345.1815.03.0
 

Commodity and Service Group

 
 

All Items

220.082221.049223.5831.61.1

Commodities

185.765187.986189.0311.80.6

Commodities less food & beverages

154.589156.573157.1661.70.4

Nondurables less food & beverages

195.737202.547205.5685.01.5

Durables

113.249111.701110.550-2.4-1.0

Services

261.116260.722264.9291.51.6
 

Special aggregate indexes:

 
 

All items less medical care

211.471212.131214.7201.51.2

All items less shelter

211.009211.436214.6971.71.5

Commodities less food

157.439159.494159.9641.60.3

Nondurables

221.891226.663229.2143.31.1

Nondurables less food

198.037204.491206.9854.51.2

Services less rent of shelter(2)

259.359256.001263.9481.83.1

Services less medical care services

246.006245.179249.8671.61.9

Energy

196.685197.767216.2449.99.3

All items less energy

225.102226.067226.9330.80.4

All items less food and energy

220.287220.973221.5240.60.2

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a November 1984=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
 

 

Last Modified Date: Friday, January 12, 2018