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News Release Information

19-2013-KAN
Wednesday, November 13, 2019

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Technical information:
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Consumer Price Index, Midwest Region – October 2019

Prices in the Midwest were up 0.2 percent over the past month, up 1.5 percent from a year ago

Prices in the Midwest Region, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), crept up 0.2 percent in October, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See table A.) The October advance was influenced by a 0.3-percent increase in the index for all items less food and energy. Food prices edged up a slight 0.1 percent over the month, while energy costs declined 1.6 percent. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U rose 1.5 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) The index for all items less food and energy increased 2.2 percent over the year. Food prices rose 1.7 percent. Energy prices decreased 5.2 percent, largely the result of lower prices for gasoline. (See table 1.)

Food

Food prices edged up 0.1 percent for the month of October. (See table 1.) Prices for food away from home increased 0.3 percent, while prices for food at home were unchanged for the same period.

From October 2018 to October 2019, food prices rose 1.7 percent. Prices for food away from home increased 2.9 percent and prices for food at home advanced 0.7 percent over the year.

Energy

The energy index decreased 1.6 percent over the month reflecting lower prices for electricity (-3.7 percent) and gasoline (-1.4 percent). Prices for natural gas service advanced 2.4 percent.

Energy prices were down 5.2 percent over the year, largely due to a 7.8-percent decrease in prices for gasoline. Lower prices for natural gas service also contributed to the decline (-5.0 percent). Prices paid for electricity were virtually unchanged from a year ago.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy advanced 0.3 percent in October. Higher prices for medical care services (2.0 percent) led the increase.

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy increased 2.2 percent. Components contributing to the increase included medical care services (6.0 percent) and shelter (3.0 percent). Among the expenditure categories that recorded price declines were apparel (-1.1 percent) and medical care commodities (-1.5 percent).

The Midwest Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) stood at 239.243 in October 2019. A typical market basket of goods and services that cost $100.00 in the 1982-84 base period cost $239.24 in October 2019.

CPI-W 

In October, the Midwest Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) was 233.174. The CPI-W edged up 0.1 percent in October and advanced 1.3 percent over the year.

Table A. Midwest region CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month20152016201720182019
1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month

January

-0.6-0.30.30.80.72.20.61.60.20.8

February

0.3-0.50.00.40.22.40.21.70.71.3

March

0.6-0.90.60.50.11.90.21.80.61.7

April

0.1-1.10.40.80.41.80.41.80.31.5

May

0.4-0.80.40.80.01.40.52.30.31.3

June

0.5-0.70.60.80.00.90.22.50.01.2

July

0.0-0.5-0.50.40.01.30.02.40.21.5

August

0.0-0.30.10.60.31.50.02.10.01.5

September

-0.3-0.80.21.10.31.50.11.90.01.4

October

-0.1-0.3-0.11.0-0.21.50.12.20.21.5

November

-0.5-0.2-0.31.20.21.9-0.61.4

December

-0.60.00.11.8-0.21.7-0.41.3

The November 2019 Consumer Price Index for the Midwest Region is scheduled to be released on December 11, 2019.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments–department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch17.pdf.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Midwest region is comprised of Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods, Midwest Region, (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted) (not seasonally adjusted)
Expenditure categoryIndexesPercent change from
Aug.
2019
Sep.
2019
Oct.
2019
Oct.
2018
Aug.
2019
Sep.
2019

All items

238.786238.847239.2431.50.20.2

All items (December 1977 = 100)

388.517388.618389.262   

Food and beverages

247.801248.257248.4881.60.30.1

Food

247.123247.641247.9141.70.30.1

Food at home

227.101227.677227.6030.70.20.0

Cereals and bakery products

256.555259.537257.550-1.40.4-0.8

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

247.869247.380247.3291.1-0.20.0

Dairy and related products

196.724196.666197.3871.80.30.4

Fruits and vegetables

269.983268.486269.741-0.1-0.10.5

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

162.877163.807163.2920.90.3-0.3

Other food at home

198.077199.414199.3521.40.60.0

Food away from home

280.215280.653281.4492.90.40.3

Alcoholic beverages

254.981254.578254.2430.7-0.3-0.1

Housing

234.214234.593234.5222.50.10.0

Shelter

280.599281.723281.9923.00.50.1

Rent of primary residence(1)

279.525280.641281.4003.00.70.3

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(1)(2)

285.356286.203287.0803.10.60.3

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(1)(2)

285.303286.162287.0173.10.60.3

Fuels and utilities

226.326222.517219.584-1.0-3.0-1.3

Household energy

183.546179.559176.264-1.9-4.0-1.8

Energy services(1)

190.910186.565182.938-1.5-4.2-1.9

Electricity(1)

215.444209.303201.4940.1-6.5-3.7

Utility (piped) gas service(1)

139.303138.119141.429-5.01.52.4

Household furnishings and operations

115.338115.967116.5372.21.00.5

Apparel

116.262119.790120.115-1.13.30.3

Transportation

205.050202.862202.633-1.2-1.2-0.1

Private transportation

200.426198.069197.746-1.4-1.3-0.2

New and used motor vehicles(3)

98.71796.72896.7391.1-2.00.0

New vehicles

137.052135.622135.8440.2-0.90.2

New cars and trucks(3)(4)

96.87695.88896.0480.2-0.90.2

New cars(4)

133.327131.698132.311-0.3-0.80.5

Used cars and trucks

143.379137.885137.5441.6-4.1-0.2

Motor fuel

238.369234.727231.591-7.8-2.8-1.3

Gasoline (all types)

237.091233.374230.121-7.8-2.9-1.4

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

230.701226.982223.747-8.0-3.0-1.4

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

273.710272.349268.140-6.6-2.0-1.5

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

262.530258.645256.188-6.0-2.4-0.9

Motor vehicle insurance(6)

732.101732.560743.1150.11.51.4

Medical care

500.589500.625508.1014.51.51.5

Medical care commodities

390.388391.207389.667-1.5-0.2-0.4

Medical care services

537.556537.327547.8566.01.92.0

Professional services

421.643421.369421.4411.30.00.0

Recreation(3)

121.262121.085121.5121.20.20.4

Education and communication(3)

137.387137.788137.766-0.40.30.0

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(6)

1,201.1061,205.2151,206.3450.80.40.1

Other goods and services

436.230438.131439.6822.80.80.4

Commodity and service group

Commodities

180.440180.171180.1090.0-0.20.0

Commodities less food and beverages

147.941147.413147.244-1.0-0.5-0.1

Nondurables less food and beverages

196.197196.508196.026-2.5-0.1-0.2

Durables

102.161101.098101.1601.0-1.00.1

Services

298.990299.400300.2792.50.40.3

Special aggregate indexes

All items less shelter

226.171225.866226.3090.90.10.2

All items less medical care

226.391226.454226.5141.20.10.0

Commodities less food

151.263150.736150.562-1.0-0.5-0.1

Nondurables

221.673222.054221.902-0.40.1-0.1

Nondurables less food

199.300199.570199.097-2.3-0.1-0.2

Services less rent of shelter(2)

327.840327.464329.0412.00.40.5

Services less medical care services

281.195281.654281.8102.00.20.1

Energy

208.437204.625201.417-5.2-3.4-1.6

All items less energy

244.735245.192245.9602.10.50.3

All items less food and energy

245.031245.479246.3372.20.50.3

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(6) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base.

Note: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, November 13, 2019