Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

News Release Information

20-1390-KAN
Tuesday, July 14, 2020

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (816) 285-7000

Consumer Price Index, St. Louis area – June 2020

Area prices were up 1.7 percent over the past two months, up 0.2 percent from a year ago

Prices in the St. Louis area, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), advanced 1.7 percent for the two months ending in June 2020, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Michael Hirniak noted that the June increase was mainly influenced by higher prices for electricity. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, bi-monthly changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the all items CPI-U crept up 0.2 percent. (See chart 1.) The index for all items less food and energy advanced 1.5 percent over the year. Food prices rose 0.8 percent. Energy prices dropped 12.6 percent, led by decreases in prices for gasoline. (See table 1.)

  Chart 1. Over-the-year percent change in CPI-U, St. Louis, MO-IL, December 2018-June 2020

Food

Food prices increased 0.9 percent for the two months ending in June. (See table 1.) Prices for food away from home increased 1.7 percent and prices for food at home advanced 0.4 percent for the same period.

Over the year, food prices rose 0.8 percent. Prices for food at home increased 7.3 percent since a year ago, while prices for food away from home decreased 6.6 percent.

Energy

The energy index jumped 13.9 percent for the two months ending in June. A seasonal hike of 32.1 percent in electricity prices led the increase. Prices for gasoline also rose, up 4.7 percent, while prices for natural gas service decreased 1.0 percent for the same period.

Energy prices dropped 12.6 percent over the year, led by a 26.0-percent decrease in prices for gasoline. Prices paid for natural gas service decreased 3.8 percent, and prices for electricity decreased 1.3 percent during the past year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy increased 0.9 percent in the latest two-month period. Higher prices for shelter (0.9 percent) and motor vehicle insurance (21.4 percent) were partially offset by lower prices for used cars and trucks (-1.8 percent) and education and communication (-0.3 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy advanced 1.5 percent. Components contributing to the increase included shelter (1.3 percent) and recreation (5.9 percent). Price decreases for apparel (-10.0 percent) and new and used motor vehicles (-2.5 percent) partly offset the increases.

The August 2020 Consumer Price Index for the St. Louis area is scheduled to be released on Friday, September 11, 2020.

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic Impact on June 2020 Consumer Price Index Data

Data collection by personal visit for the Consumer Price Index (CPI) program has been suspended since March 16, 2020. When possible, data normally collected by personal visit were collected either online or by phone. Additionally, data collection in June was affected by the temporary closing or limited operations of certain types of establishments. These factors resulted in an increase in the number of prices considered temporarily unavailable and imputed. While the CPI program attempted to collect as much data as possible, many indexes are based on smaller amounts of collected prices than usual, and a small number of indexes that are normally published were not published this month. Additional information is available at https://www.bls.gov/covid19/effects-of-covid-19-pandemic-on-consumer-price-index.htm.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments–department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch17.pdf.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The St. Louis, MO-IL, area covered in this release includes Bond, Calhoun, Clinton, Jersey, Macoupin, Madison, Monroe, and St. Clair counties in Illinois; and Franklin, Jefferson, Lincoln, St. Charles, St. Louis, and Warren counties and St. Louis City in Missouri.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods,
St. Louis, MO-IL (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group Indexes Percent change from -
Apr.
2020
May
2020
Jun.
2020
Jun.
2019
Apr.
2020
May
2020

All items

229.592 - 233.518 0.2 1.7 -

All items (1967 = 100)

681.925 - 693.586      

Food and beverages

264.441 - 266.637 1.5 0.8 -

Food

262.473 - 264.905 0.8 0.9 -

Food at home

247.438 248.251 248.362 7.3 0.4 0.0

Cereals and bakery products

222.120 - 225.792 4.7 1.7 -

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

261.249 - 275.916 12.0 5.6 -

Dairy and related products

176.989 - 162.693 3.1 -8.1 -

Fruits and vegetables

391.707 - 387.362 8.1 -1.1 -

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials(1)

174.294 - 176.045 3.2 1.0 -

Other food at home

241.424 - 239.519 6.2 -0.8 -

Food away from home

287.825 - 292.707 -6.6 1.7 -

Alcoholic beverages

256.318 - 255.861 10.1 -0.2 -

Housing

225.619 - 231.795 1.5 2.7 -

Shelter

268.293 268.182 270.586 1.3 0.9 0.9

Rent of primary residence

250.669 251.318 253.340 4.1 1.1 0.8

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(2)

284.974 284.415 285.596 2.8 0.2 0.4

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(2)

284.974 284.415 285.596 2.8 0.2 0.4

Fuels and utilities

208.530 - 239.319 0.0 14.8 -

Household energy

176.061 175.724 213.260 -1.5 21.1 21.4

Energy services

177.774 177.462 216.019 -1.6 21.5 21.7

Electricity

176.863 176.914 233.631 -1.3 32.1 32.1

Utility (piped) gas service

147.405 146.505 145.905 -3.8 -1.0 -0.4

Household furnishings and operations

121.305 - 124.462 5.7 2.6 -

Apparel

123.294 - 123.052 -10.0 -0.2 -

Transportation

176.382 - 180.441 -7.1 2.3 -

Private transportation

179.177 - 183.322 -6.1 2.3 -

New and used motor vehicles(3)

91.069 - 91.295 -2.5 0.2 -

New vehicles(1)

205.777 - 205.445 -0.8 -0.2 -

Used cars and trucks(1)

299.633 - 294.161 -3.3 -1.8 -

Motor fuel

172.780 163.049 180.472 -25.9 4.5 10.7

Gasoline (all types)

169.365 159.786 177.308 -26.0 4.7 11.0

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

161.538 152.285 169.408 -26.4 4.9 11.2

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

212.506 199.273 219.200 -23.3 3.2 10.0

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

187.281 179.313 193.930 -22.7 3.6 8.2

Motor vehicle insurance(1)

493.801 - 599.540 3.6 21.4 -

Medical care

471.090 - 472.085 1.6 0.2 -

Recreation(3)

120.785 - 121.015 5.9 0.2 -

Education and communication(3)

141.713 - 141.340 3.7 -0.3 -

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare(1)

1,259.675 - 1,257.733 3.0 -0.2 -

Other goods and services

335.859 - 342.779 1.9 2.1 -

Commodity and service group

Commodities

182.983 - 184.521 -2.1 0.8 -

Commodities less food and beverages

144.309 - 145.531 -4.4 0.8 -

Nondurables less food and beverages

189.765 - 192.594 -8.6 1.5 -

Durables

100.573 - 100.812 0.8 0.2 -

Services

277.324 - 283.496 1.6 2.2 -

Special aggregate indexes

All items less shelter

218.064 - 222.646 -0.2 2.1 -

All items less medical care

217.520 - 221.568 0.0 1.9 -

Commodities less food

148.742 - 149.922 -3.7 0.8 -

Nondurables

227.032 - 229.568 -3.2 1.1 -

Nondurables less food

195.692 - 198.276 -7.1 1.3 -

Services less rent of shelter(2)

294.159 - 304.639 2.1 3.6 -

Services less medical care services

259.374 - 265.800 1.4 2.5 -

Energy

175.794 171.288 200.155 -12.6 13.9 16.9

All items less energy

237.658 - 239.826 1.4 0.9 -

All items less food and energy

233.609 - 235.734 1.5 0.9 -

Footnotes
​(1) Indexes on an March 1978=100 base.
​(2) Indexes on a November 1982=100 base.
​(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
​(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
​(5) Index on a December 1993=100.

- Data not available.

 

Last Modified Date: Tuesday, July 14, 2020