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News Release Information

21-35-KAN
Wednesday, January 13, 2021

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Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (816) 285-7000

Consumer Price Index, St. Louis area – December 2020

Area prices up 0.1 percent over the past two months, up 1.2 percent from a year ago

Prices in the St. Louis area, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), crept up 0.1 percent for the two months ending in December 2020, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Michael Hirniak noted that the December increase was most influenced by higher prices within the all items less food and energy index. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, bi-monthly changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U advanced 1.2 percent. (See chart 1.) The index for all items less food and energy increased 2.2 percent over the year. In contrast, energy prices declined 7.8 percent and food prices were unchanged. (See table 1.)

Food

Food prices declined 0.8 percent for the two months ending in December. (See table 1.) Prices for food at home declined 1.6 percent, with the largest contributor being lower prices for meats, poultry, fish, and eggs. In contrast, prices for food away from home advanced 0.4 percent for the same period.

Over the year, food prices were unchanged. This reflected the combined effects of a 2.4-percent price increase for food at home and a 3.0-percent decrease in prices for food away from home.

Energy

The energy index increased 0.3 percent for the two months ending in December. The increase was mainly due to higher prices for motor fuel (0.5 percent) and electricity (0.2 percent). In contrast, prices for natural gas service crept down 0.1 percent for the same period.

Energy prices declined 7.8 percent over the year, led by lower prices for motor fuel (-14.8 percent). Prices paid for natural gas service decreased 1.8 percent and electricity prices decreased 0.6 percent during the past year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.2 percent in the latest two-month period. Higher prices for other goods and services (4.2 percent), new vehicles (3.0 percent), and recreation (2.4 percent) were partially offset by lower prices for apparel (-5.3 percent), shelter (-0.3 percent), and used cars and trucks (-2.8 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy increased 2.2 percent. Components contributing to the increase included shelter (3.2 percent) and new and used motor vehicles (4.4 percent). Partly offsetting the increases were price decreases in motor vehicle insurance (-7.8 percent) and apparel (-1.3 percent).

The February 2021 Consumer Price Index for the St. Louis area is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, March 10, 2021.

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic Impact on December 2020 Consumer Price Index Data

Data collection by personal visit for the Consumer Price Index (CPI) program has been suspended since March 16, 2020. When possible, data normally collected by personal visit were collected either online or by phone. Additionally, data collection in December was affected by the temporary closing or limited operations of certain types of establishments. These factors resulted in an increase in the number of prices considered temporarily unavailable and imputed. While the CPI program attempted to collect as much data as possible, many indexes are based on smaller amounts of collected prices than usual, and a small number of indexes that are normally published were not published this month. Additional information is available at https://www.bls.gov/covid19/effects-of-covid-19-pandemic-on-consumer-price-index.htm.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measures of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total U.S. population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total U.S. population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date; for most of the CPI-U the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. An increase of 7 percent from the reference base, for example, is shown as 107.000.  Alternatively, that relationship can also be expressed as the price of a base period market basket of goods and services rising from $100 to $107. For further details see the CPI home page on the internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the CPI section of the BLS Handbook of Methods available on the internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/cpi/.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE:Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The St. Louis, MO-IL, area covered in this release includes Bond, Calhoun, Clinton, Jersey, Macoupin, Madison, Monroe, and St. Clair counties in Illinois; and Franklin, Jefferson, Lincoln, St. Charles, St. Louis, and Warren counties and St. Louis City in Missouri.

Information in this release will be made available to individuals with sensory impairments upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods,
St. Louis, MO-IL (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and GroupIndexesPercent change from -
Oct.
2020
Nov.
2020
Dec.
2020
Dec.
2019
Oct.
2020
Nov.
2020

All items

234.108-234.2391.20.1-

All items (1967 = 100)

695.339-695.730   

Food and beverages

266.327-264.6330.7-0.6-

Food

263.802-261.7310.0-0.8-

Food at home

246.864242.836242.8512.4-1.60.0

Cereals and bakery products

219.380-217.5721.6-0.8-

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

270.669-260.4384.3-3.8-

Dairy and related products

156.728-163.154-3.94.1-

Fruits and vegetables

389.094-383.595-0.9-1.4-

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials(1)

177.215-172.6182.6-2.6-

Other food at home

242.339-238.4175.2-1.6-

Food away from home

292.239-293.302-3.00.4-

Alcoholic beverages

263.711-266.0728.50.9-

Housing

232.696-232.7533.10.0-

Shelter

277.900276.253277.1823.2-0.30.3

Rent of primary residence

256.678257.334255.8152.5-0.3-0.6

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(2)

289.273290.382289.9522.70.2-0.1

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(2)

289.273290.382289.9522.70.2-0.1

Fuels and utilities

208.680-213.3281.42.2-

Household energy

176.242176.984176.471-1.00.1-0.3

Energy services

177.949178.694178.127-1.00.1-0.3

Electricity

176.183176.090176.544-0.60.20.3

Utility (piped) gas service

149.067151.164148.890-1.8-0.1-1.5

Household furnishings and operations

125.408-125.0384.5-0.3-

Apparel

131.567-124.607-1.3-5.3-

Transportation

184.935-185.199-2.10.1-

Private transportation

187.267-188.176-1.50.5-

New and used motor vehicles(3)

95.578-96.3314.40.8-

New vehicles(1)

206.531-212.7861.03.0-

Used cars and trucks(1)

333.581-324.21710.3-2.8-

Motor fuel

184.417178.839185.270-14.80.53.6

Gasoline (all types)

181.475175.847182.007-14.80.33.5

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

173.524168.106174.100-15.10.33.6

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

224.073218.077224.839-12.30.33.1

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

196.683190.466196.190-12.2-0.33.0

Motor vehicle insurance(1)

529.875-529.875-7.80.0-

Medical care

466.946-464.677-0.3-0.5-

Recreation(3)

117.260-120.0451.92.4-

Education and communication(3)

144.057-144.1112.00.0-

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare(1)

1,261.841-1,265.1120.40.3-

Other goods and services

315.633-328.896-0.64.2-

Commodity and service group

Commodities

186.736-186.1530.1-0.3-

Commodities less food and beverages

148.493-148.328-0.2-0.1-

Nondurables less food and beverages

193.898-193.351-3.8-0.3-

Durables

104.177-104.2273.40.0-

Services

282.641-283.4181.90.3-

Special aggregate indexes

All items less shelter

220.744-221.1930.30.2-

All items less medical care

222.423-222.6661.40.1-

Commodities less food

153.054-152.9640.2-0.1-

Nondurables

230.094-228.987-1.3-0.5-

Nondurables less food

200.094-199.772-2.7-0.2-

Services less rent of shelter(2)

294.942-297.3440.60.8-

Services less medical care services

265.347-266.2072.00.3-

Energy

181.059179.002181.566-7.80.31.4

All items less energy

242.172-242.2731.90.0-

All items less food and energy

238.579-238.9952.20.2-

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on an March 1978=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a November 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Index on a December 1993=100.

- Data not available.

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, January 13, 2021