Wednesday, May 11, 2022
Prices in the St. Louis area, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), advanced 2.3 percent for the two months ending in April 2022, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Michael Hirniak noted that the food index rose 3.5 percent, and the energy index increased 11.7 percent in March and April. The all items less food and energy index increased 1.2 percent over the past two months. Among the indexes within the all items less food and energy sector, prices were higher for shelter and recreation. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, bi-monthly changes may reflect seasonal influences.)
Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U rose 8.4 percent. (See chart 1.) The index for all items less food and energy increased 5.7 percent over the year. Energy prices jumped 28.8 percent, largely the result of an increase in the price of gasoline, while food prices advanced 14.2 percent. (See table 1.)Food
Food prices rose 3.5 percent for the two months ending in April. Prices for food at home advanced 3.0 percent, and prices for food away from home rose 4.2 percent for the same period.
From April 2021 to April 2022, food prices jumped 14.2 percent. Prices for food away from home rose 18.9 percent, while prices for food at home increased 11.0 percent over the year.Energy
The energy index jumped 11.7 percent for the two months ending in April. The increase was mainly due to higher prices for gasoline (+18.9 percent), but all energy components contributed to the rise. Prices for electricity increased 5.2 percent, and prices for natural gas service advanced 1.5 percent for the same period.
Energy prices jumped 28.8 percent over the year, largely due to higher prices for gasoline (+45.7 percent), but all energy components contributed to the rise. Prices paid for natural gas service increased 18.6 percent during the past year, while prices for electricity rose 8.6 percent.All items less food and energy
The index for all items less food and energy rose 1.2 percent in the latest two-month period. Higher prices for shelter (+1.0 percent), recreation (+3.2 percent), and medical care (+1.3 percent) were among the largest contributors to the rise. Partially offsetting these increases were lower prices for used cars and trucks (-2.8 percent), education and communication (-0.6 percent), and apparel (-1.2 percent).
Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy increased 5.7 percent. Components most contributing to the increase included owners’ equivalent rent of residences (+5.8 percent), new and used motor vehicles (+15.4 percent), and household furnishings and operations (+8.0 percent).
The June 2022 Consumer Price Index for the St. Louis area is scheduled to be released on July 13, 2022.
The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total U.S. population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total U.S. population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.
The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.
The index measures price changes from a designated reference date; for most of the CPI-U the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. An increase of 7 percent from the reference base, for example, is shown as 107.000. Alternatively, that relationship can also be expressed as the price of a base period market basket of goods and services rising from $100 to $107. For further details see the CPI home page on the internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the CPI section of the BLS Handbook of Methods available on the internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/cpi/.
In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.
The St. Louis, MO-IL, area covered in this release includes Bond, Calhoun, Clinton, Jersey, Macoupin, Madison, Monroe, and St. Clair counties in Illinois; and Franklin, Jefferson, Lincoln, St. Charles, St. Louis, and Warren counties and St. Louis City in Missouri.
Information in this release will be made available to individuals with sensory impairments upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Telecommunications Relay Service: 7-1-1.
|Item and Group||Indexes||Percent change from -|
All items (1967 = 100)
Food and beverages
Food at home
Cereals and bakery products
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs
Dairy and related products
Fruits and vegetables
Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials(1)
Other food at home
Food away from home
Rent of primary residence
Owners' equivalent rent of residences(2)
Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(2)
Fuels and utilities
Utility (piped) gas service
Household furnishings and operations
New and used motor vehicles(3)
Used cars and trucks(1)
Gasoline (all types)
Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)
Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)
Education and communication(3)
Tuition, other school fees, and childcare(1)
Other goods and services
Commodity and service group
Commodities less food and beverages
Nondurables less food and beverages
Special aggregate indexes
All items less shelter
All items less medical care
Commodities less food
Nondurables less food
Services less rent of shelter(2)
Services less medical care services
All items less energy
All items less food and energy
(1) Indexes on an March 1978=100 base.
- Data not available.
Last Modified Date: Wednesday, May 11, 2022