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16-2326-KAN
Thursday, December 15, 2016

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Consumer Price Index, Midwest Region – November 2016

Prices in the Midwest down 0.3 percent in November, but 1.2 percent higher over the year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) in the Midwest was down 0.3 percent in November, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. The monthly decrease was largely attributable to a 6.0-percent drop in motor fuel prices. The broader energy index was 2.9 percent lower over the month. Food prices declined 0.4 percent while the index for all items less food and energy was unchanged. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

The CPI-U for the Midwest rose 1.2 percent from November 2015 to November 2016. (See chart 1 and table A.) Food prices decreased 0.2 percent, and the energy index, which includes motor fuel and household fuels, declined 1.0 percent. Excluding food and energy, the CPI-U advanced 1.7 percent over the year. (See table 1.)

Food

Food prices in the Midwest were down 0.4 percent in November. The index for food at home led the decline with a 0.7-percent decrease, while prices for food away from home were little changed over the month (0.1 percent). 

From November 2015 to November 2016, the index for food decreased 0.2 percent. Prices for food at home registered their fourteenth consecutive over-the-year decrease, down 1.9 percent. Costs for food away from home rose 2.5 percent over the year.

Energy

The energy index registered its second straight monthly decline, down 2.9 percent in November, and had the greatest downward impact on the all items index. The decrease was largely attributable to a 6.0-percent drop in motor fuel prices. Lower costs for electricity (-0.9 percent) also contributed to the monthly decline. In contrast, prices for utility (piped) gas service advanced 1.0 percent in November.

Energy costs decreased 1.0 percent from November 2015 to November 2016, largely due to a 4.9-percent drop in motor fuel prices. Costs for utility (piped) gas service and electricity, up 7.5 and 0.3 percent, respectively, moderated the over-the-year decline.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy for the Midwest was unchanged in November due to offsetting movements. Expenditure categories registering higher prices over the month included owners’ equivalent rent of residences (0.3 percent) and medical care services (0.6 percent). In contrast, apparel (-1.9 percent), used cars and trucks (-1.5 percent), and household furnishings and operations (-0.7 percent) were among the expenditure categories posting lower prices over the month.

The index for all items less food and energy was up 1.7 percent from November 2015 to November 2016. A 2.9-percent rise in shelter costs led the advance. Prices for medical care services had the next largest upward impact with a 4.8-percent increase.

The Midwest Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) stood at 226.673 in November 2016. A typical market basket of goods and services that cost $100.00 in the 1982-84 base period cost $226.67 in November 2016.

CPI-W

In November, the Midwest Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) was 220.560, down 0.4 percent over the month. The CPI-W increased 0.9 percent over the year.

Table A. Midwest region CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

0.6 2.8 0.1 1.3 0.5 1.4 -0.6 -0.3 0.3 0.8

February

0.2 2.7 1.1 2.2 0.6 0.9 0.3 -0.5 0.0 0.4

March

1.0 2.8 0.2 1.4 0.9 1.5 0.6 -0.9 0.6 0.5

April

0.2 2.3 -0.1 1.2 0.3 1.9 0.1 -1.1 0.4 0.8

May

-0.1 1.5 0.5 1.8 0.2 1.6 0.4 -0.8 0.4 0.8

June

-0.1 1.4 0.3 2.2 0.5 1.7 0.5 -0.7 0.6 0.8

July

0.0 1.3 -0.4 1.8 -0.3 1.8 0.0 -0.5 -0.5 0.4

August

0.7 1.8 0.1 1.2 -0.2 1.6 0.0 -0.3 0.1 0.6

September

0.3 1.9 0.1 1.0 0.1 1.6 -0.3 -0.8 0.2 1.1

October

-0.3 2.2 -0.5 0.8 -0.5 1.6 -0.1 -0.3 -0.1 1.0

November

-0.4 1.8 -0.2 1.0 -0.6 1.2 -0.5 -0.2 -0.3 1.2

December

-0.2 1.8 -0.2 1.0 -0.7 0.7 -0.6 0.0    

The December 2016 Consumer Price Index for the Midwest region is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, January 18, 2017.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 89 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 28 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 24,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between areas; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Midwest region is comprised of Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

Midwest (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

 
Indexes
 
Percent change from-
Sep.
2016
Oct.
2016
Nov.
2016
Nov.
2015
Sep.
2016
Oct.
2016

Expenditure category

 
 

All Items

227.636 227.358 226.673 1.2 -0.4 -0.3

All items (December 1977=100)

370.376 369.924 368.810      

Food and beverages

240.247 240.694 239.741 -0.1 -0.2 -0.4

Food

239.803 240.215 239.266 -0.2 -0.2 -0.4

Food at home

226.091 226.418 224.801 -1.9 -0.6 -0.7

Food away from home

262.834 263.390 263.583 2.5 0.3 0.1

Alcoholic beverages

244.116 245.048 244.058 0.7 0.0 -0.4

Housing

218.816 217.842 217.903 2.4 -0.4 0.0

Shelter

257.954 257.898 258.337 2.9 0.1 0.2

Rent of primary residence(1)

256.240 256.812 257.599 2.8 0.5 0.3

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(1)(2)

261.237 261.657 262.476 2.9 0.5 0.3

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)(2)

261.227 261.647 262.463 2.9 0.5 0.3

Fuels and utilities

222.299 214.514 214.152 3.0 -3.7 -0.2

Household energy

183.727 175.687 175.203 2.5 -4.6 -0.3

Energy services(1)

192.177 183.223 182.653 2.5 -5.0 -0.3

Electricity(1)

213.025 198.414 196.587 0.3 -7.7 -0.9

Utility (piped) gas service(1)

146.215 147.027 148.536 7.5 1.6 1.0

Household furnishings and operations

113.880 114.233 113.379 -1.5 -0.4 -0.7

Apparel

118.904 120.841 118.575 -1.3 -0.3 -1.9

Transportation

192.363 192.021 189.630 -1.6 -1.4 -1.2

Private transportation

186.994 186.761 184.199 -1.4 -1.5 -1.4

New and used motor vehicles(3)

97.673 97.075 96.534 -1.7 -1.2 -0.6

New vehicles

138.399 138.623 138.778 -0.5 0.3 0.1

New cars and trucks(3)(4)

97.819 97.983 98.149 -0.6 0.3 0.2

New cars(4)

134.235 134.836 135.129 -0.4 0.7 0.2

Used cars and trucks

143.225 140.615 138.451 -3.5 -3.3 -1.5

Motor fuel

200.085 200.608 188.560 -4.9 -5.8 -6.0

Gasoline (all types)

199.049 199.519 187.382 -4.9 -5.9 -6.1

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

193.392 193.667 181.479 -5.4 -6.2 -6.3

Gasoline, Unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

230.799 232.708 219.491 -3.4 -4.9 -5.7

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

222.432 223.743 213.638 -1.5 -4.0 -4.5

Medical Care

474.779 476.005 477.271 4.6 0.5 0.3

Medical care commodities

385.764 384.715 381.666 3.9 -1.1 -0.8

Medical care services

504.595 506.627 509.428 4.8 1.0 0.6

Professional services

408.037 407.456 413.224 5.1 1.3 1.4

Recreation(3)

119.023 118.379 118.505 1.4 -0.4 0.1

Education and communication(3)

140.582 140.679 140.313 -0.4 -0.2 -0.3

Other goods and services

410.438 410.481 410.145 1.8 -0.1 -0.1
 

Commodity and Service Group

 
 

All Items

227.636 227.358 226.673 1.2 -0.4 -0.3

Commodities

176.146 176.386 174.471 -1.1 -1.0 -1.1

Commodities less food & beverages

145.084 145.235 142.994 -1.8 -1.4 -1.5

Nondurables less food & beverages

186.888 187.811 183.686 -1.1 -1.7 -2.2

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

231.527 231.805 226.466 -1.1 -2.2 -2.3

Durables

104.189 103.756 103.066 -2.3 -1.1 -0.7

Services

280.733 279.926 280.495 2.7 -0.1 0.2

Rent of shelter(2)

265.074 265.035 265.471 2.9 0.1 0.2

Transportation services

297.836 297.744 300.125 1.3 0.8 0.8

Other services

334.526 334.135 334.004 1.5 -0.2 0.0
 

Special aggregate indexes:

 
 

All items less medical care

215.936 215.587 214.809 0.8 -0.5 -0.4

All items less food

225.541 225.153 224.512 1.4 -0.5 -0.3

All items less shelter

218.953 218.594 217.503 0.5 -0.7 -0.5

Commodities less food

148.192 148.362 146.145 -1.7 -1.4 -1.5

Nondurables

213.135 213.835 211.204 -0.6 -0.9 -1.2

Nondurables less food

189.914 190.836 186.888 -1.0 -1.6 -2.1

Nondurables less food and apparel

231.279 231.612 226.684 -0.9 -2.0 -2.1

Services less rent of shelter(2)

314.159 312.469 313.216 2.4 -0.3 0.2

Services less medical care services

264.045 263.032 263.438 2.4 -0.2 0.2

Energy

191.573 187.192 181.718 -1.0 -5.1 -2.9

All items less energy

234.021 234.145 233.924 1.4 0.0 -0.1

All items less food and energy

233.682 233.754 233.665 1.7 0.0 0.0

Commodities less food and energy commodities

145.132 145.231 144.090 -1.0 -0.7 -0.8

Energy commodities

199.157 199.951 188.488 -4.7 -5.4 -5.7

Services less energy services

292.231 292.280 292.974 2.7 0.3 0.2

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
 

Regions defined as the four Census regions. Midwest includes Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.
 

Table 2. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

Midwest (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

 
Indexes
 
Percent change from-
Sep.
2016
Oct.
2016
Nov.
2016
Nov.
2015
Sep.
2016
Oct.
2016

Expenditure category

 
 

All Items

221.759 221.422 220.560 0.9 -0.5 -0.4

All items (December 1977=100)

358.634 358.088 356.695      

Food and beverages

240.002 240.522 239.342 -0.4 -0.3 -0.5

Food

239.543 240.041 238.828 -0.5 -0.3 -0.5

Food at home

226.614 227.013 225.150 -2.1 -0.6 -0.8

Food away from home

263.890 264.589 264.729 2.5 0.3 0.1

Alcoholic beverages

245.743 246.605 245.971 1.1 0.1 -0.3

Housing

213.826 212.788 212.953 2.4 -0.4 0.1

Shelter

246.723 246.847 247.415 2.8 0.3 0.2

Rent of primary residence(1)

256.848 257.429 258.260 2.8 0.5 0.3

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(1)(2)

243.480 243.870 244.640 2.9 0.5 0.3

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)(2)

243.480 243.868 244.636 2.9 0.5 0.3

Fuels and utilities

223.468 215.568 215.161 2.9 -3.7 -0.2

Household energy

184.524 176.426 175.895 2.5 -4.7 -0.3

Energy services(1)

191.630 182.614 181.961 2.5 -5.0 -0.4

Electricity(1)

210.715 196.441 194.762 0.2 -7.6 -0.9

Utility (piped) gas service(1)

147.924 148.654 149.843 7.9 1.3 0.8

Household furnishings and operations

111.992 112.128 111.257 -1.9 -0.7 -0.8

Apparel

116.399 118.284 116.462 -1.9 0.1 -1.5

Transportation

189.608 189.054 185.941 -2.0 -1.9 -1.6

Private transportation

186.252 185.725 182.510 -1.9 -2.0 -1.7

New and used motor vehicles(3)

97.619 96.723 95.859 -2.2 -1.8 -0.9

New vehicles

141.496 141.593 141.628 -0.8 0.1 0.0

Used cars and trucks

143.773 141.168 139.023 -3.6 -3.3 -1.5

Motor fuel

200.563 200.987 188.914 -5.0 -5.8 -6.0

Gasoline (all types)

199.424 199.797 187.655 -4.9 -5.9 -6.1

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

193.623 193.780 181.609 -5.5 -6.2 -6.3

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

230.674 232.624 219.398 -3.4 -4.9 -5.7

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

222.217 223.462 213.395 -1.5 -4.0 -4.5

Medical Care

480.496 481.483 482.770 4.6 0.5 0.3

Medical care commodities

378.360 376.491 373.183 3.3 -1.4 -0.9

Medical care services

512.073 514.068 516.982 4.9 1.0 0.6

Professional services

410.145 409.604 415.777 5.4 1.4 1.5

Recreation(3)

114.723 114.319 114.372 1.1 -0.3 0.0

Education and communication(3)

132.169 132.270 131.861 -0.6 -0.2 -0.3

Other goods and services

457.557 457.734 457.311 2.0 -0.1 -0.1
 

Commodity and Service Group

 
 

All Items

221.759 221.422 220.560 0.9 -0.5 -0.4

Commodities

178.374 178.440 176.184 -1.4 -1.2 -1.3

Commodities less food & beverages

148.499 148.383 145.774 -2.2 -1.8 -1.8

Nondurables less food & beverages

193.489 194.246 189.554 -1.5 -2.0 -2.4

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

241.066 241.232 234.844 -1.4 -2.6 -2.6

Durables

106.210 105.474 104.539 -2.7 -1.6 -0.9

Services

273.031 272.257 272.854 2.6 -0.1 0.2

Rent of shelter(2)

245.126 245.271 245.826 2.9 0.3 0.2

Transportation services

299.402 299.780 302.212 1.9 0.9 0.8

Other services

308.657 308.541 308.397 1.2 -0.1 0.0
 

Special aggregate indexes:

 
 

All items less medical care

211.842 211.454 210.510 0.6 -0.6 -0.4

All items less food

218.171 217.699 216.897 1.1 -0.6 -0.4

All items less shelter

215.273 214.767 213.386 0.1 -0.9 -0.6

Commodities less food

151.419 151.325 148.747 -2.1 -1.8 -1.7

Nondurables

216.948 217.597 214.553 -0.9 -1.1 -1.4

Nondurables less food

196.152 196.914 192.422 -1.3 -1.9 -2.3

Nondurables less food and apparel

239.883 240.101 234.187 -1.2 -2.4 -2.5

Services less rent of shelter(2)

278.117 276.431 277.018 2.4 -0.4 0.2

Services less medical care services

257.246 256.309 256.763 2.4 -0.2 0.2

Energy

191.195 187.081 181.202 -1.3 -5.2 -3.1

All items less energy

227.379 227.487 227.214 1.2 -0.1 -0.1

All items less food and energy

225.101 225.136 225.038 1.5 0.0 0.0

Commodities less food and energy commodities

147.998 147.780 146.549 -1.4 -1.0 -0.8

Energy commodities

199.773 200.432 188.981 -4.9 -5.4 -5.7

Services less energy services

283.893 284.118 284.869 2.6 0.3 0.3

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a December 1984=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
 

Regions defined as the four Census regions. Midwest includes Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.
 

 

Last Modified Date: Thursday, December 15, 2016