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Friday, April 14, 2017

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Consumer Price Index, Midwest Region – March 2017

Prices in the Midwest up 0.1 percent in March and 1.9 percent higher over the year

The March Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) in the Midwest was virtually unchanged, edging up a slight 0.1 percent, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Energy costs rose 0.6 percent over the month led by higher prices for gasoline (2.2 percent). Food prices were essentially unchanged (0.1 percent). Prices for all items less food and energy were unchanged in March due to offsetting movements within the index. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

The CPI-U for the Midwest rose 1.9 percent from March 2016 to March 2017. (See chart 1 and table A.) The energy index, which includes motor fuel and household fuels, was up 9.9 percent and food prices were 0.3 percent higher. Excluding food and energy, the CPI-U advanced 1.5 percent over the year. (See table 1.)

Food

Food prices (0.1 percent) were little changed in March. Costs for food at home rose 0.2 percent while prices for food away from home were virtually unchanged (0.1 percent) over the month.

From March 2016 to March 2017, the index for food increased 0.3 percent led by a 2.1-percent rise in costs for food away from home. Prices for food at home registered their 18th consecutive over-the-year decrease, down 0.8 percent.

Energy

The energy index rose 0.6 percent in March following a 2.3-percent decline in the prior month. Higher gasoline prices, up 2.2 percent, led the increase in the energy component. Electricity prices also contributed to the advance with an increase of 0.2 percent over the month. Conversely, costs for utility (piped) gas service were 2.6 percent lower.

Energy costs advanced 9.9 percent from March 2016 to March 2017. Gasoline prices rose 17.6 percent over the year. Costs for utility (piped) gas service increased 10.3 percent and prices for electricity were up 0.7 percent.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy for the Midwest was unchanged in March. Higher prices for apparel (1.8 percent) had the largest upward impact while lower prices for education and communication (-1.8 percent) registered the largest offsetting movement.

The index for all items less food and energy was up 1.5 percent from March 2016 to March 2017. Higher costs for shelter (2.5 percent) and medical care (3.3 percent) led the advance.

The Midwest Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) stood at 228.824 in March 2017. A typical market basket of goods and services that cost $100.00 in the 1982-84 base period cost $228.82 in March 2017.

CPI-W

In March, the Midwest Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) was 222.671, up 0.1 percent over the month. The CPI-W increased 1.8 percent over the year.

Table A. Midwest region CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

0.1 1.3 0.5 1.4 -0.6 -0.3 0.3 0.8 0.7 2.2

February

1.1 2.2 0.6 0.9 0.3 -0.5 0.0 0.4 0.2 2.4

March

0.2 1.4 0.9 1.5 0.6 -0.9 0.6 0.5 0.1 1.9

April

-0.1 1.2 0.3 1.9 0.1 -1.1 0.4 0.8    

May

0.5 1.8 0.2 1.6 0.4 -0.8 0.4 0.8    

June

0.3 2.2 0.5 1.7 0.5 -0.7 0.6 0.8    

July

-0.4 1.8 -0.3 1.8 0.0 -0.5 -0.5 0.4    

August

0.1 1.2 -0.2 1.6 0.0 -0.3 0.1 0.6    

September

0.1 1.0 0.1 1.6 -0.3 -0.8 0.2 1.1    

October

-0.5 0.8 -0.5 1.6 -0.1 -0.3 -0.1 1.0    

November

-0.2 1.0 -0.6 1.2 -0.5 -0.2 -0.3 1.2    

December

-0.2 1.0 -0.7 0.7 -0.6 0.0 0.1 1.8    

The April 2017 Consumer Price Index for the Midwest region is scheduled to be released on Friday, May 12, 2017.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 89 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 28 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 24,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between areas; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Midwest region is comprised of Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

Midwest (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

 
Indexes
 
Percent change from-
Jan.
2017
Feb.
2017
Mar.
2017
Mar.
2016
Jan.
2017
Feb.
2017

Expenditure category

 
 

All Items

228.279 228.633 228.824 1.9 0.2 0.1

All items (December 1977=100)

371.422 371.998 372.309      

Food and beverages

240.077 240.532 240.842 0.4 0.3 0.1

Food

239.464 240.000 240.330 0.3 0.4 0.1

Food at home

225.083 225.558 225.919 -0.8 0.4 0.2

Food away from home

263.637 264.278 264.553 2.1 0.3 0.1

Alcoholic beverages

246.391 245.662 245.680 0.4 -0.3 0.0

Housing

219.369 219.711 219.759 2.2 0.2 0.0

Shelter

259.528 260.016 260.312 2.5 0.3 0.1

Rent of primary residence(1)

258.736 259.003 259.587 2.8 0.3 0.2

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(1)(2)

263.522 263.834 264.395 2.7 0.3 0.2

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)(2)

263.506 263.812 264.370 2.7 0.3 0.2

Fuels and utilities

218.703 218.321 217.084 3.8 -0.7 -0.6

Household energy

179.422 178.854 177.386 3.8 -1.1 -0.8

Energy services(1)

186.608 185.745 184.406 3.5 -1.2 -0.7

Electricity(1)

198.684 197.811 198.192 0.7 -0.2 0.2

Utility (piped) gas service(1)

155.269 154.476 150.422 10.3 -3.1 -2.6

Household furnishings and operations

113.896 114.268 114.349 -1.0 0.4 0.1

Apparel

113.754 116.785 118.906 0.8 4.5 1.8

Transportation

195.395 193.850 195.223 3.5 -0.1 0.7

Private transportation

190.013 188.209 189.455 3.6 -0.3 0.7

New and used motor vehicles(3)

96.984 97.207 97.259 -2.2 0.3 0.1

New vehicles

140.162 140.337 139.876 -0.6 -0.2 -0.3

New cars and trucks(3)(4)

98.999 99.121 98.802 -0.7 -0.2 -0.3

New cars(4)

136.756 137.672 136.562 0.0 -0.1 -0.8

Used cars and trucks

138.051 138.424 139.845 -4.6 1.3 1.0

Motor fuel

212.034 202.461 206.882 17.6 -2.4 2.2

Gasoline (all types)

210.904 201.278 205.745 17.6 -2.4 2.2

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

204.966 195.197 199.746 17.7 -2.5 2.3

Gasoline, Unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

246.015 237.973 241.431 16.7 -1.9 1.5

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

234.328 226.251 229.830 16.9 -1.9 1.6

Medical Care

479.115 480.573 479.253 3.3 0.0 -0.3

Medical care commodities

386.773 388.355 389.610 3.8 0.7 0.3

Medical care services

510.100 511.508 509.274 3.1 -0.2 -0.4

Professional services

413.960 415.610 414.303 3.6 0.1 -0.3

Recreation(3)

118.860 120.781 121.447 2.6 2.2 0.6

Education and communication(3)

140.444 140.076 137.614 -1.9 -2.0 -1.8

Other goods and services

412.612 412.232 412.323 1.4 -0.1 0.0
 

Commodity and Service Group

 
 

All Items

228.279 228.633 228.824 1.9 0.2 0.1

Commodities

176.159 176.119 176.752 1.1 0.3 0.4

Commodities less food & beverages

145.170 144.935 145.677 1.6 0.3 0.5

Nondurables less food & beverages

187.971 187.154 188.947 4.7 0.5 1.0

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

236.605 233.321 234.914 6.1 -0.7 0.7

Durables

103.529 103.741 103.652 -2.4 0.1 -0.1

Services

282.021 282.777 282.517 2.4 0.2 -0.1

Rent of shelter(2)

266.708 267.212 267.501 2.5 0.3 0.1

Transportation services

302.297 303.383 304.921 2.8 0.9 0.5

Other services

335.288 337.388 335.480 1.0 0.1 -0.6
 

Special aggregate indexes:

 
 

All items less medical care

216.404 216.705 216.968 1.7 0.3 0.1

All items less food

226.341 226.666 226.834 2.1 0.2 0.1

All items less shelter

219.271 219.580 219.735 1.6 0.2 0.1

Commodities less food

148.333 148.084 148.811 1.5 0.3 0.5

Nondurables

213.626 213.412 214.506 2.3 0.4 0.5

Nondurables less food

191.061 190.250 191.943 4.4 0.5 0.9

Nondurables less food and apparel

236.083 233.040 234.487 5.5 -0.7 0.6

Services less rent of shelter(2)

315.145 316.220 315.348 2.3 0.1 -0.3

Services less medical care services

265.024 265.732 265.616 2.3 0.2 0.0

Energy

194.261 189.806 190.872 9.9 -1.7 0.6

All items less energy

234.471 235.303 235.410 1.3 0.4 0.0

All items less food and energy

234.276 235.165 235.232 1.5 0.4 0.0

Commodities less food and energy commodities

143.776 144.568 144.920 -0.8 0.8 0.2

Energy commodities

211.647 202.786 206.720 17.4 -2.3 1.9

Services less energy services

294.254 295.187 295.040 2.3 0.3 0.0

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
 

Regions defined as the four Census regions. Midwest includes Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.
 

Table 2. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

Midwest (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

 
Indexes
 
Percent change from-
Jan.
2017
Feb.
2017
Mar.
2017
Mar.
2016
Jan.
2017
Feb.
2017

Expenditure category

 
 

All Items

222.428 222.507 222.671 1.8 0.1 0.1

All items (December 1977=100)

359.715 359.843 360.109      

Food and beverages

239.662 240.160 240.395 0.2 0.3 0.1

Food

239.048 239.608 239.831 0.1 0.3 0.1

Food at home

225.479 226.040 226.238 -0.9 0.3 0.1

Food away from home

264.722 265.274 265.546 2.1 0.3 0.1

Alcoholic beverages

247.930 247.413 247.850 0.8 0.0 0.2

Housing

214.425 214.683 214.753 2.3 0.2 0.0

Shelter

248.484 248.857 249.247 2.5 0.3 0.2

Rent of primary residence(1)

259.386 259.662 260.233 2.8 0.3 0.2

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(1)(2)

245.616 245.864 246.367 2.7 0.3 0.2

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)(2)

245.613 245.859 246.361 2.7 0.3 0.2

Fuels and utilities

219.798 219.524 218.253 3.7 -0.7 -0.6

Household energy

180.218 179.754 178.265 3.8 -1.1 -0.8

Energy services(1)

185.951 185.175 183.871 3.5 -1.1 -0.7

Electricity(1)

196.983 196.274 196.622 0.7 -0.2 0.2

Utility (piped) gas service(1)

156.744 155.892 151.742 10.6 -3.2 -2.7

Household furnishings and operations

111.826 112.130 112.114 -1.5 0.3 0.0

Apparel

111.766 114.376 116.868 1.2 4.6 2.2

Transportation

192.194 190.281 191.812 3.6 -0.2 0.8

Private transportation

188.762 186.740 188.251 3.6 -0.3 0.8

New and used motor vehicles(3)

96.086 96.353 96.655 -2.8 0.6 0.3

New vehicles

143.211 143.513 143.165 -0.7 0.0 -0.2

Used cars and trucks

138.600 138.957 140.374 -4.7 1.3 1.0

Motor fuel

212.443 202.924 207.244 17.6 -2.4 2.1

Gasoline (all types)

211.212 201.654 206.006 17.5 -2.5 2.2

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

205.094 195.433 199.830 17.7 -2.6 2.2

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

245.895 237.786 241.333 16.8 -1.9 1.5

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

234.083 225.941 229.518 16.9 -2.0 1.6

Medical Care

484.842 486.218 484.826 3.2 0.0 -0.3

Medical care commodities

378.327 380.004 381.467 3.3 0.8 0.4

Medical care services

517.937 519.192 516.796 3.1 -0.2 -0.5

Professional services

416.489 418.363 416.540 3.5 0.0 -0.4

Recreation(3)

114.699 116.270 116.727 1.7 1.8 0.4

Education and communication(3)

132.040 131.596 128.624 -2.8 -2.6 -2.3

Other goods and services

460.918 459.798 460.521 1.7 -0.1 0.2
 

Commodity and Service Group

 
 

All Items

222.428 222.507 222.671 1.8 0.1 0.1

Commodities

178.454 178.109 178.934 1.2 0.3 0.5

Commodities less food & beverages

148.741 148.075 149.107 1.8 0.2 0.7

Nondurables less food & beverages

195.810 194.004 196.177 5.8 0.2 1.1

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

247.231 242.974 245.039 7.0 -0.9 0.8

Durables

104.938 105.138 105.278 -3.0 0.3 0.1

Services

274.339 274.870 274.338 2.2 0.0 -0.2

Rent of shelter(2)

246.898 247.271 247.646 2.6 0.3 0.2

Transportation services

304.157 304.810 305.842 2.9 0.6 0.3

Other services

309.487 310.890 307.696 0.1 -0.6 -1.0
 

Special aggregate indexes:

 
 

All items less medical care

212.369 212.399 212.623 1.7 0.1 0.1

All items less food

219.023 219.025 219.180 2.1 0.1 0.1

All items less shelter

215.559 215.535 215.620 1.5 0.0 0.0

Commodities less food

151.706 151.040 152.064 1.8 0.2 0.7

Nondurables

218.012 217.296 218.557 2.7 0.2 0.6

Nondurables less food

198.467 196.724 198.812 5.4 0.2 1.1

Nondurables less food and apparel

245.708 241.761 243.689 6.5 -0.8 0.8

Services less rent of shelter(2)

278.810 279.462 278.009 1.9 -0.3 -0.5

Services less medical care services

258.273 258.758 258.341 2.1 0.0 -0.2

Energy

194.410 189.751 190.961 10.3 -1.8 0.6

All items less energy

227.750 228.394 228.435 1.0 0.3 0.0

All items less food and energy

225.632 226.292 226.299 1.2 0.3 0.0

Commodities less food and energy commodities

146.357 146.977 147.582 -1.1 0.8 0.4

Energy commodities

212.152 203.338 207.152 17.2 -2.4 1.9

Services less energy services

286.055 286.747 286.307 2.1 0.1 -0.2

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a December 1984=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
 

Regions defined as the four Census regions. Midwest includes Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.
 

 

Last Modified Date: Friday, April 14, 2017