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17-232-KAN
Wednesday, February 15, 2017

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Consumer Price Index, Midwest Region – January 2017

Prices in the Midwest up 0.7 percent in January, and 2.2 percent higher over the year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) in the Midwest rose 0.7 percent in January, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. The monthly advance was led by increases in the indexes for motor fuel (6.1 percent) and shelter (0.5 percent). The broader energy index was up 4.1 percent, while food prices rose 0.2 percent. The all items less food and energy, which includes shelter, increased 0.4 percent over the month. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

The CPI-U for the Midwest rose 2.2 percent from January 2016 to January 2017, the largest over-the-year increase since June 2013. (See chart 1 and table A.) The energy index, which includes motor fuel and household fuels, was up 14.4 percent, but food prices decreased 0.6 percent. Excluding food and energy, the CPI-U advanced 1.7 percent over the year. (See table 1.)

Food

Food prices in the Midwest rose 0.2 percent in January. The index for food at home was 0.4 percent higher, while costs for food away from home were unchanged over the month.

From January 2016 to January 2017, the index for food decreased 0.6 percent. Prices for food at home registered their sixteenth consecutive over-the-year decrease, down 2.4 percent. Costs for food away from home rose 2.2 percent over the year.

Energy

The energy index rose 4.1 percent in January following an increase of 2.7 percent in December. Higher motor fuel prices were largely responsible for both increases, up 6.1 percent in January after registering a 6.0-percent advance in the prior month. Also contributing to the rise in the energy component, costs for utility (piped) gas service and electricity increased 4.7 and 1.3 percent, respectively, over the month.

Energy costs advanced 14.4 percent from January 2016 to January 2017. Motor fuel prices jumped 28.3 percent over the year, the largest 12-month gain since September 2011. Costs for utility (piped) gas service increased 12.4 percent and prices for electricity were up 0.4 percent over the year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy for the Midwest rose 0.4 percent in January. Expenditure categories registering higher prices over the month included shelter (0.5 percent), recreation (0.7 percent), and medical care commodities (1.1 percent).

The index for all items less food and energy was up 1.7 percent from January 2016 to January 2017. Higher costs for shelter (2.7 percent) and medical care services (4.1 percent) led the advance.

The Midwest Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) stood at 228.279 in January 2017. A typical market basket of goods and services that cost $100.00 in the 1982-84 base period cost $228.28 in January 2017.

CPI-W

In January, the Midwest Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) was 222.428, up 0.7 percent over the month. The CPI-W increased 2.3 percent over the year.

Table A. Midwest region CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

0.1 1.3 0.5 1.4 -0.6 -0.3 0.3 0.8 0.7 2.2

February

1.1 2.2 0.6 0.9 0.3 -0.5 0.0 0.4    

March

0.2 1.4 0.9 1.5 0.6 -0.9 0.6 0.5    

April

-0.1 1.2 0.3 1.9 0.1 -1.1 0.4 0.8    

May

0.5 1.8 0.2 1.6 0.4 -0.8 0.4 0.8    

June

0.3 2.2 0.5 1.7 0.5 -0.7 0.6 0.8    

July

-0.4 1.8 -0.3 1.8 0.0 -0.5 -0.5 0.4    

August

0.1 1.2 -0.2 1.6 0.0 -0.3 0.1 0.6    

September

0.1 1.0 0.1 1.6 -0.3 -0.8 0.2 1.1    

October

-0.5 0.8 -0.5 1.6 -0.1 -0.3 -0.1 1.0    

November

-0.2 1.0 -0.6 1.2 -0.5 -0.2 -0.3 1.2    

December

-0.2 1.0 -0.7 0.7 -0.6 0.0 0.1 1.8    

The February 2017 Consumer Price Index for the Midwest region is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, March 15, 2017.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 89 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 28 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 24,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between areas; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Midwest region is comprised of Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

Midwest (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

 
Indexes
 
Percent change from-
Nov.
2016
Dec.
2016
Jan.
2017
Jan.
2016
Nov.
2016
Dec.
2016

Expenditure category

 
 

All Items

226.673 226.794 228.279 2.2 0.7 0.7

All items (December 1977=100)

368.810 369.006 371.422      

Food and beverages

239.741 239.494 240.077 -0.5 0.1 0.2

Food

239.266 238.923 239.464 -0.6 0.1 0.2

Food at home

224.801 224.151 225.083 -2.4 0.1 0.4

Food away from home

263.583 263.767 263.637 2.2 0.0 0.0

Alcoholic beverages

244.058 245.204 246.391 1.3 1.0 0.5

Housing

217.903 217.867 219.369 2.5 0.7 0.7

Shelter

258.337 258.348 259.528 2.7 0.5 0.5

Rent of primary residence(1)

257.599 258.228 258.736 2.9 0.4 0.2

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(1)(2)

262.476 263.042 263.522 2.9 0.4 0.2

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)(2)

262.463 263.028 263.506 2.9 0.4 0.2

Fuels and utilities

214.152 214.249 218.703 4.4 2.1 2.1

Household energy

175.203 175.144 179.422 4.3 2.4 2.4

Energy services(1)

182.653 182.197 186.608 4.0 2.2 2.4

Electricity(1)

196.587 196.059 198.684 0.4 1.1 1.3

Utility (piped) gas service(1)

148.536 148.229 155.269 12.4 4.5 4.7

Household furnishings and operations

113.379 113.109 113.896 -0.8 0.5 0.7

Apparel

118.575 113.436 113.754 -1.2 -4.1 0.3

Transportation

189.630 192.164 195.395 5.4 3.0 1.7

Private transportation

184.199 186.910 190.013 5.8 3.2 1.7

New and used motor vehicles(3)

96.534 96.626 96.984 -1.6 0.5 0.4

New vehicles

138.778 138.938 140.162 -0.6 1.0 0.9

New cars and trucks(3)(4)

98.149 98.261 98.999 -0.8 0.9 0.8

New cars(4)

135.129 134.687 136.756 -0.4 1.2 1.5

Used cars and trucks

138.451 138.152 138.051 -3.4 -0.3 -0.1

Motor fuel

188.560 199.912 212.034 28.3 12.4 6.1

Gasoline (all types)

187.382 198.809 210.904 28.4 12.6 6.1

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

181.479 192.964 204.966 29.2 12.9 6.2

Gasoline, Unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

219.491 232.281 246.015 27.0 12.1 5.9

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

213.638 223.666 234.328 23.7 9.7 4.8

Medical Care

477.271 477.476 479.115 4.0 0.4 0.3

Medical care commodities

381.666 382.672 386.773 3.9 1.3 1.1

Medical care services

509.428 509.346 510.100 4.1 0.1 0.1

Professional services

413.224 412.901 413.960 3.8 0.2 0.3

Recreation(3)

118.505 117.984 118.860 1.6 0.3 0.7

Education and communication(3)

140.313 140.552 140.444 -0.2 0.1 -0.1

Other goods and services

410.145 412.612 412.612 2.1 0.6 0.0
 

Commodity and Service Group

 
 

All Items

226.673 226.794 228.279 2.2 0.7 0.7

Commodities

174.471 174.645 176.159 1.4 1.0 0.9

Commodities less food & beverages

142.994 143.331 145.170 2.7 1.5 1.3

Nondurables less food & beverages

183.686 184.435 187.971 6.6 2.3 1.9

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

226.466 230.989 236.605 9.2 4.5 2.4

Durables

103.066 103.073 103.529 -2.1 0.4 0.4

Services

280.495 280.562 282.021 2.8 0.5 0.5

Rent of shelter(2)

265.471 265.482 266.708 2.7 0.5 0.5

Transportation services

300.125 300.775 302.297 2.4 0.7 0.5

Other services

334.004 334.126 335.288 1.7 0.4 0.3
 

Special aggregate indexes:

 
 

All items less medical care

214.809 214.926 216.404 2.0 0.7 0.7

All items less food

224.512 224.706 226.341 2.7 0.8 0.7

All items less shelter

217.503 217.663 219.271 2.0 0.8 0.7

Commodities less food

146.145 146.503 148.333 2.6 1.5 1.2

Nondurables

211.204 211.481 213.626 2.7 1.1 1.0

Nondurables less food

186.888 187.658 191.061 6.2 2.2 1.8

Nondurables less food and apparel

226.684 230.886 236.083 8.4 4.1 2.3

Services less rent of shelter(2)

313.216 313.347 315.145 2.8 0.6 0.6

Services less medical care services

263.438 263.516 265.024 2.6 0.6 0.6

Energy

181.718 186.581 194.261 14.4 6.9 4.1

All items less energy

233.924 233.578 234.471 1.3 0.2 0.4

All items less food and energy

233.665 233.317 234.276 1.7 0.3 0.4

Commodities less food and energy commodities

144.090 143.124 143.776 -0.8 -0.2 0.5

Energy commodities

188.488 199.799 211.647 27.5 12.3 5.9

Services less energy services

292.974 293.096 294.254 2.7 0.4 0.4

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
 

Regions defined as the four Census regions. Midwest includes Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.
 

Table 2. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

Midwest (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

 
Indexes
 
Percent change from-
Nov.
2016
Dec.
2016
Jan.
2017
Jan.
2016
Nov.
2016
Dec.
2016

Expenditure category

 
 

All Items

220.560 220.938 222.428 2.3 0.8 0.7

All items (December 1977=100)

356.695 357.306 359.715      

Food and beverages

239.342 239.052 239.662 -0.7 0.1 0.3

Food

238.828 238.435 239.048 -0.8 0.1 0.3

Food at home

225.150 224.477 225.479 -2.5 0.1 0.4

Food away from home

264.729 264.918 264.722 2.2 0.0 -0.1

Alcoholic beverages

245.971 247.365 247.930 1.5 0.8 0.2

Housing

212.953 213.121 214.425 2.6 0.7 0.6

Shelter

247.415 247.677 248.484 2.7 0.4 0.3

Rent of primary residence(1)

258.260 258.864 259.386 2.9 0.4 0.2

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(1)(2)

244.640 245.159 245.616 2.8 0.4 0.2

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)(2)

244.636 245.154 245.613 2.8 0.4 0.2

Fuels and utilities

215.161 215.230 219.798 4.4 2.2 2.1

Household energy

175.895 175.838 180.218 4.2 2.5 2.5

Energy services(1)

181.961 181.470 185.951 3.9 2.2 2.5

Electricity(1)

194.762 194.292 196.983 0.4 1.1 1.4

Utility (piped) gas service(1)

149.843 149.344 156.744 12.7 4.6 5.0

Household furnishings and operations

111.257 111.177 111.826 -1.2 0.5 0.6

Apparel

116.462 111.581 111.766 -1.9 -4.0 0.2

Transportation

185.941 188.866 192.194 6.0 3.4 1.8

Private transportation

182.510 185.507 188.762 6.3 3.4 1.8

New and used motor vehicles(3)

95.859 95.890 96.086 -2.1 0.2 0.2

New vehicles

141.628 141.986 143.211 -0.7 1.1 0.9

Used cars and trucks

139.023 138.710 138.600 -3.4 -0.3 -0.1

Motor fuel

188.914 200.289 212.443 28.2 12.5 6.1

Gasoline (all types)

187.655 199.100 211.212 28.3 12.6 6.1

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

181.609 193.094 205.094 29.1 12.9 6.2

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

219.398 232.155 245.895 26.9 12.1 5.9

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

213.395 223.429 234.083 23.6 9.7 4.8

Medical Care

482.770 482.922 484.842 4.0 0.4 0.4

Medical care commodities

373.183 374.113 378.327 3.4 1.4 1.1

Medical care services

516.982 516.854 517.937 4.1 0.2 0.2

Professional services

415.777 415.482 416.489 3.8 0.2 0.2

Recreation(3)

114.372 113.785 114.699 1.2 0.3 0.8

Education and communication(3)

131.861 132.022 132.040 -0.5 0.1 0.0

Other goods and services

457.311 460.687 460.918 2.2 0.8 0.1
 

Commodity and Service Group

 
 

All Items

220.560 220.938 222.428 2.3 0.8 0.7

Commodities

176.184 176.770 178.454 1.7 1.3 1.0

Commodities less food & beverages

145.774 146.688 148.741 3.3 2.0 1.4

Nondurables less food & beverages

189.554 191.593 195.810 7.9 3.3 2.2

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

234.844 240.701 247.231 10.6 5.3 2.7

Durables

104.539 104.580 104.938 -2.4 0.4 0.3

Services

272.854 273.020 274.339 2.7 0.5 0.5

Rent of shelter(2)

245.826 246.088 246.898 2.8 0.4 0.3

Transportation services

302.212 303.158 304.157 2.9 0.6 0.3

Other services

308.397 308.316 309.487 1.4 0.4 0.4
 

Special aggregate indexes:

 
 

All items less medical care

210.510 210.897 212.369 2.2 0.9 0.7

All items less food

216.897 217.398 219.023 2.9 1.0 0.7

All items less shelter

213.386 213.810 215.559 2.1 1.0 0.8

Commodities less food

148.747 149.676 151.706 3.2 2.0 1.4

Nondurables

214.553 215.492 218.012 3.2 1.6 1.2

Nondurables less food

192.422 194.430 198.467 7.5 3.1 2.1

Nondurables less food and apparel

234.187 239.670 245.708 9.9 4.9 2.5

Services less rent of shelter(2)

277.018 277.067 278.810 2.7 0.6 0.6

Services less medical care services

256.763 256.947 258.273 2.6 0.6 0.5

Energy

181.202 186.445 194.410 15.2 7.3 4.3

All items less energy

227.214 227.018 227.750 1.2 0.2 0.3

All items less food and energy

225.038 224.878 225.632 1.6 0.3 0.3

Commodities less food and energy commodities

146.549 145.844 146.357 -1.2 -0.1 0.4

Energy commodities

188.981 200.280 212.152 27.4 12.3 5.9

Services less energy services

284.869 285.116 286.055 2.7 0.4 0.3

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a December 1984=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
 

Regions defined as the four Census regions. Midwest includes Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.
 

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, February 15, 2017