Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

News Release Information

21-235-KAN
Wednesday, February 10, 2021

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (816) 285-7000

Consumer Price Index, Midwest Region – January 2021

Area prices were up 0.5 percent over the past month, up 1.2 percent from a year ago

Prices in the Midwest Region, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), advanced 0.5 percent in January, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See table A.) The January increase was most influenced by higher prices for energy, although prices for food and for all items less food and energy also rose. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U rose 1.2 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) The index for all items less food and energy also rose 1.2 percent over the year and food prices increased 3.1 percent. In contrast, energy prices declined 3.0 percent. (See table 1.)

Food

Food prices increased 0.6 percent for the month of January. (See table 1.) Prices for food at home increased 0.9 percent and prices for food away from home rose 0.3 percent for the same period.

Over the year, food prices increased 3.1 percent. Prices for food at home increased 3.0 percent since a year ago, and prices for food away from home increased 3.1 percent.

Energy

The energy index rose 4.6 percent over the month. The increase was mainly due to higher prices for gasoline (8.7 percent). Prices for electricity increased 0.9 percent and prices for natural gas service were unchanged for the same period.

Energy prices declined 3.0 percent over the year, largely due to lower prices for gasoline (-8.5 percent). In contrast, prices paid for natural gas service rose 5.6 percent and prices for electricity advanced 1.4 percent during the past year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy crept up 0.1 percent in January. Higher prices for apparel (3.7 percent) and medical care (0.9 percent) were mostly offset by lower prices for new and used motor vehicles (-2.5 percent) and household furnishings and operations (-0.5 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy rose 1.2 percent. Components contributing to the increase included shelter (1.5 percent), medical care services (4.0 percent), and used cars and trucks (10.6 percent). Partly offsetting the increases were price decreases in apparel (-2.9 percent) and motor vehicle insurance (-3.3 percent).

Table A. Midwest region CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

0.7 2.2 0.4 1.6 -0.2 0.8 0.4 2.5 0.5 1.2

February

0.8 2.4 0.9 1.7 0.9 1.3 0.3 2.1

March

0.2 1.9 0.4 1.8 1.3 1.7 -0.5 1.0

April

0.5 1.8 0.6 1.8 0.9 1.5 -1.1 -0.4

May

0.4 1.4 0.9 2.3 0.6 1.3 0.3 -0.4

June

0.0 0.9 0.7 2.5 0.3 1.2 0.8 0.4

July

0.1 1.3 0.1 2.4 0.2 1.5 0.5 0.7

August

0.3 1.5 -0.1 2.1 0.2 1.5 0.4 1.1

September

0.5 1.5 0.1 1.9 0.0 1.4 0.2 1.3

October

0.1 1.5 0.2 2.2 0.2 1.5 -0.1 1.0

November

0.0 1.9 -0.5 1.4 0.0 1.9 -0.2 1.0

December

0.0 1.7 -0.9 1.3 -0.2 2.3 0.1 1.1

The February 2021 Consumer Price Index for the Midwest Region is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, March 10, 2021.

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic Impact on January 2021 Consumer Price Index Data

Data collection by personal visit for the Consumer Price Index (CPI) program has been suspended since March 16, 2020. When possible, data normally collected by personal visit were collected either online or by phone. Additionally, data collection in January was affected by the temporary closing or limited operations of certain types of establishments. These factors resulted in an increase in the number of prices considered temporarily unavailable and imputed. While the CPI program attempted to collect as much data as possible, many indexes are based on smaller amounts of collected prices than usual, and a small number of indexes that are normally published were not published this month. Additional information is available at www.bls.gov/covid19/effects-of-covid-19-pandemic-on-consumer-price-index.htm.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measures of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total U.S. population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total U.S. population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date; for most of the CPI-U the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. An increase of 7 percent from the reference base, for example, is shown as 107.000.  Alternatively, that relationship can also be expressed as the price of a base period market basket of goods and services rising from $100 to $107. For further details see the CPI home page on the internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the CPI section of the BLS Handbook of Methods available on the internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/cpi/.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Midwest region is comprised of Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.

Information in this release will be made available to individuals with sensory impairments upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods, Midwest Region, (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted) (not seasonally adjusted)
Expenditure category Indexes Percent change from
Nov.
2020
Dec.
2020
Jan.
2021
Jan.
2020
Nov.
2020
Dec.
2020

All items

241.316 241.453 242.552 1.2 0.5 0.5

All items (December 1977 = 100)

392.634 392.857 394.646      

Food and beverages

255.325 255.750 257.301 3.0 0.8 0.6

Food

254.737 255.213 256.795 3.1 0.8 0.6

Food at home

232.725 233.262 235.377 3.0 1.1 0.9

Cereals and bakery products

265.472 265.348 267.438 3.5 0.7 0.8

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

258.428 255.078 257.090 2.8 -0.5 0.8

Dairy and related products

206.248 209.573 207.921 4.5 0.8 -0.8

Fruits and vegetables

270.622 269.604 276.447 1.2 2.2 2.5

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

164.546 168.164 171.316 4.1 4.1 1.9

Other food at home

201.587 202.666 203.284 3.0 0.8 0.3

Food away from home

290.913 291.304 292.106 3.1 0.4 0.3

Alcoholic beverages

261.211 261.004 262.158 2.5 0.4 0.4

Housing

239.340 239.663 239.842 1.7 0.2 0.1

Shelter

287.663 288.195 288.325 1.5 0.2 0.0

Rent of primary residence(1)

290.772 291.126 291.192 2.4 0.1 0.0

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(1)(2)

294.774 295.119 295.569 2.0 0.3 0.2

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(1)(2)

294.697 295.046 295.500 2.0 0.3 0.2

Fuels and utilities

223.823 224.571 226.692 3.0 1.3 0.9

Household energy

178.689 179.203 181.173 2.9 1.4 1.1

Energy services(1)

185.929 186.216 187.310 2.8 0.7 0.6

Electricity(1)

198.366 198.366 200.108 1.4 0.9 0.9

Utility (piped) gas service(1)

153.990 154.711 154.708 5.6 0.5 0.0

Household furnishings and operations

119.187 118.772 118.128 1.8 -0.9 -0.5

Apparel

108.941 106.713 110.662 -2.9 1.6 3.7

Transportation

195.565 196.331 197.506 -1.8 1.0 0.6

Private transportation

193.579 194.863 196.023 -0.3 1.3 0.6

New and used motor vehicles(3)

103.233 102.693 100.171 3.5 -3.0 -2.5

New vehicles

140.923 141.477 140.973 2.2 0.0 -0.4

New cars and trucks(3)(4)

99.601 99.999 99.656 2.2 0.1 -0.3

New cars(4)

139.935 140.583 139.985 3.7 0.0 -0.4

Used cars and trucks

152.256 150.443 149.311 10.6 -1.9 -0.8

Motor fuel

180.330 189.676 206.097 -8.6 14.3 8.7

Gasoline (all types)

179.169 188.417 204.864 -8.5 14.3 8.7

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

173.379 182.575 198.913 -8.6 14.7 8.9

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

214.101 226.383 242.235 -7.2 13.1 7.0

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

208.823 215.847 230.203 -7.9 10.2 6.7

Motor vehicle insurance(6)

701.290 702.580 713.866 -3.3 1.8 1.6

Medical care

519.503 518.433 523.287 3.1 0.7 0.9

Medical care commodities

377.928 377.106 377.966 -1.2 0.0 0.2

Medical care services

566.662 565.508 571.651 4.0 0.9 1.1

Professional services

429.926 429.675 431.850 2.1 0.4 0.5

Recreation(3)

124.170 123.939 124.181 0.4 0.0 0.2

Education and communication(3)

140.452 140.421 140.919 1.5 0.3 0.4

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(6)

1,217.797 1,217.907 1,219.653 1.8 0.2 0.1

Other goods and services

445.559 446.941 446.740 1.0 0.3 0.0

Commodity and service group

Commodities

179.009 179.393 181.384 1.3 1.3 1.1

Commodities less food and beverages

143.297 143.650 145.709 0.2 1.7 1.4

Nondurables less food and beverages

178.840 180.235 186.423 -2.9 4.2 3.4

Durables

105.717 105.410 104.780 3.7 -0.9 -0.6

Services

305.793 305.650 305.728 1.1 0.0 0.0

Special aggregate indexes

All items less shelter

227.173 227.180 228.606 1.1 0.6 0.6

All items less medical care

228.131 228.327 229.245 1.0 0.5 0.4

Commodities less food

146.884 147.223 149.265 0.3 1.6 1.4

Nondurables

216.022 216.962 220.970 0.3 2.3 1.8

Nondurables less food

183.435 184.724 190.578 -2.5 3.9 3.2

Services less rent of shelter(2)

334.403 333.536 333.549 0.8 -0.3 0.0

Services less medical care services

286.265 286.203 285.794 0.7 -0.2 -0.1

Energy

179.638 184.125 192.598 -3.0 7.2 4.6

All items less energy

250.287 250.023 250.456 1.5 0.1 0.2

All items less food and energy

250.235 249.839 250.069 1.2 -0.1 0.1

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(6) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base.

Note: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, February 10, 2021