News Release Information

17-1134-KAN
Friday, August 11, 2017

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (816) 285-7000

Consumer Price Index, Midwest Region – July 2017

Prices in the Midwest unchanged in July and 1.3 percent higher over the year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) in the Midwest was unchanged for the third month in a row in July, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Higher costs for recreation and medical care had the largest upward impact on the index, while lower prices for lodging away from home, airline fares, and household furnishings and operations had the largest offsetting downward movements. The all items less food and energy index was essentially unchanged (+0.1 percent) in July, energy costs were down 0.5 percent and food prices were unchanged. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

The CPI-U for the Midwest rose 1.3 percent from July 2016 to July 2017. (See chart 1 and table A.) The energy index, which includes motor fuel and household fuels, rose 3.5 percent and food prices increased 0.4 percent. Excluding food and energy, the CPI-U advanced 1.3 percent over the year. (See table 1.)

 

Food

Food prices in the Midwest were unchanged from June to July. Costs for food away from home edged up 0.1 percent while prices for food at home recorded no change.

From July 2016 to July 2017, the index for food was 0.4 percent higher and attributable to an increase of 0.9 percent in costs for food away from home. Prices for food at home were little changed (+0.1 percent).

Energy

The energy index declined 0.5 percent in July following an increase of 2.2 percent in June. Lower prices for both gasoline (-1.0 percent) and utility (piped) gas service (-0.6 percent) were responsible for the decline in the energy component. A 0.2 percent increase in electricity costs in July moderated the overall decline.

Energy costs were 3.5 percent higher from July 2016 to July 2017 due to increases among all three major subcategories: utility (piped) gas service (7.6 percent), electricity (2.9 percent), and gasoline (2.4 percent).

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy for the Midwest was little changed, +0.1 percent, in July after registering little movement in June, -0.1 percent. Increases in the indexes for recreation (1.4 percent) and medical care (0.9 percent) had the largest upward impact on the index. Costs for lodging away from home, airline fares, and household furnishings and operations were down in July.

The index for all items less food and energy was up 1.3 percent from July 2016 to July 2017. Higher costs for shelter (2.5 percent), medical care (2.5 percent), and recreation (2.9 percent) led the increase. Annual declines in the indexes for education and communication (-2.8 percent) and new and used motor vehicles (-2.2 percent) only partially offset these advances.

The Midwest Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) stood at 229.820 in July 2017. A typical market basket of goods and services that cost $100.00 in the 1982-84 base period cost $229.82 in July 2017.

CPI-W

In July, the Midwest Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) was 223.626, unchanged over the month. The CPI-W increased 1.2 percent over the year.

Table A. Midwest region CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

0.1 1.3 0.5 1.4 -0.6 -0.3 0.3 0.8 0.7 2.2

February

1.1 2.2 0.6 0.9 0.3 -0.5 0.0 0.4 0.2 2.4

March

0.2 1.4 0.9 1.5 0.6 -0.9 0.6 0.5 0.1 1.9

April

-0.1 1.2 0.3 1.9 0.1 -1.1 0.4 0.8 0.4 1.8

May

0.5 1.8 0.2 1.6 0.4 -0.8 0.4 0.8 0.0 1.4

June

0.3 2.2 0.5 1.7 0.5 -0.7 0.6 0.8 0.0 0.9

July

-0.4 1.8 -0.3 1.8 0.0 -0.5 -0.5 0.4 0.0 1.3

August

0.1 1.2 -0.2 1.6 0.0 -0.3 0.1 0.6    

September

0.1 1.0 0.1 1.6 -0.3 -0.8 0.2 1.1    

October

-0.5 0.8 -0.5 1.6 -0.1 -0.3 -0.1 1.0    

November

-0.2 1.0 -0.6 1.2 -0.5 -0.2 -0.3 1.2    

December

-0.2 1.0 -0.7 0.7 -0.6 0.0 0.1 1.8    

The August 2017 Consumer Price Index for the Midwest region is scheduled to be released on Thursday, September 14, 2017.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 89 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 28 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 24,000 retail establishments–department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between areas; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Midwest region is comprised of Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

Midwest (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

 
Indexes
 
Percent change from-
May
2017
Jun.
2017
Jul.
2017
Jul.
2016
May
2017
Jun.
2017

Expenditure category

 
 

All Items

229.705 229.780 229.820 1.3 0.1 0.0

All items (December 1977=100)

373.743 373.866 373.930      

Food and beverages

241.489 240.701 240.794 0.5 -0.3 0.0

Food

240.989 240.139 240.237 0.4 -0.3 0.0

Food at home

226.674 226.024 225.959 0.1 -0.3 0.0

Food away from home

265.048 263.857 264.233 0.9 -0.3 0.1

Alcoholic beverages

246.153 246.259 246.288 0.9 0.1 0.0

Housing

221.420 223.325 222.809 2.3 0.6 -0.2

Shelter

262.233 263.258 262.779 2.5 0.2 -0.2

Rent of primary residence(1)

261.025 261.592 262.237 2.9 0.5 0.2

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(1)(2)

265.570 266.170 266.601 2.6 0.4 0.2

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)(2)

265.537 266.136 266.561 2.5 0.4 0.2

Fuels and utilities

220.578 230.574 230.362 4.2 4.4 -0.1

Household energy

180.686 190.907 190.630 4.3 5.5 -0.1

Energy services(1)

188.212 199.401 199.320 4.2 5.9 0.0

Electricity(1)

203.168 219.647 220.116 2.9 8.3 0.2

Utility (piped) gas service(1)

152.087 153.965 152.995 7.6 0.6 -0.6

Household furnishings and operations

114.194 113.930 113.055 -1.3 -1.0 -0.8

Apparel

119.265 115.627 115.604 1.7 -3.1 0.0

Transportation

196.661 195.076 193.971 0.3 -1.4 -0.6

Private transportation

190.495 189.157 188.556 0.4 -1.0 -0.3

New and used motor vehicles(3)

97.292 96.986 96.767 -2.2 -0.5 -0.2

New vehicles

138.683 138.148 137.862 -1.0 -0.6 -0.2

New cars and trucks(3)(4)

97.982 97.598 97.375 -1.0 -0.6 -0.2

New cars(4)

135.482 134.571 134.005 -0.6 -1.1 -0.4

Used cars and trucks

141.096 140.044 139.402 -4.7 -1.2 -0.5

Motor fuel

209.895 206.410 204.436 2.5 -2.6 -1.0

Gasoline (all types)

208.788 205.304 203.342 2.4 -2.6 -1.0

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

202.827 199.448 197.415 2.3 -2.7 -1.0

Gasoline, Unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

243.102 238.057 237.253 3.3 -2.4 -0.3

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

233.053 229.497 228.369 3.5 -2.0 -0.5

Medical Care

478.245 478.231 482.591 2.5 0.9 0.9

Medical care commodities

388.795 389.037 401.125 5.1 3.2 3.1

Medical care services

508.201 508.096 509.682 1.8 0.3 0.3

Professional services

415.343 414.938 415.702 2.4 0.1 0.2

Recreation(3)

121.097 121.091 122.812 2.9 1.4 1.4

Education and communication(3)

136.537 136.183 136.245 -2.8 -0.2 0.0

Other goods and services

414.166 413.821 415.468 1.8 0.3 0.4
 

Commodity and Service Group

 
 

All Items

229.705 229.780 229.820 1.3 0.1 0.0

Commodities

177.144 175.889 175.796 0.1 -0.8 -0.1

Commodities less food & beverages

145.955 144.551 144.388 -0.1 -1.1 -0.1

Nondurables less food & beverages

189.499 187.076 187.425 1.7 -1.1 0.2

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

235.593 233.934 234.523 1.7 -0.5 0.3

Durables

103.708 103.157 102.624 -2.3 -1.0 -0.5

Services

283.900 285.334 285.509 2.1 0.6 0.1

Rent of shelter(2)

269.496 270.545 270.044 2.5 0.2 -0.2

Transportation services

308.659 307.070 305.039 2.1 -1.2 -0.7

Other services

333.809 333.611 336.111 0.4 0.7 0.7
 

Special aggregate indexes:

 
 

All items less medical care

217.940 218.019 217.854 1.2 0.0 -0.1

All items less food

227.750 227.974 228.004 1.5 0.1 0.0

All items less shelter

220.255 219.993 220.218 0.9 0.0 0.1

Commodities less food

149.095 147.724 147.565 0.0 -1.0 -0.1

Nondurables

215.106 213.451 213.679 1.0 -0.7 0.1

Nondurables less food

192.491 190.209 190.540 1.6 -1.0 0.2

Nondurables less food and apparel

235.144 233.649 234.185 1.6 -0.4 0.2

Services less rent of shelter(2)

316.146 318.083 319.003 1.8 0.9 0.3

Services less medical care services

267.175 268.720 268.792 2.1 0.6 0.0

Energy

194.062 198.416 197.405 3.5 1.7 -0.5

All items less energy

236.075 235.729 235.873 1.2 -0.1 0.1

All items less food and energy

235.900 235.645 235.798 1.3 0.0 0.1

Commodities less food and energy commodities

144.929 143.785 143.863 -0.5 -0.7 0.1

Energy commodities

209.325 205.849 203.703 2.6 -2.7 -1.0

Services less energy services

296.177 296.590 296.793 2.0 0.2 0.1

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
 

Regions defined as the four Census regions. Midwest includes Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.
 

Table 2. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

Midwest (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

 
Indexes
 
Percent change from-
May
2017
Jun.
2017
Jul.
2017
Jul.
2016
May
2017
Jun.
2017

Expenditure category

 
 

All Items

223.575 223.625 223.626 1.2 0.0 0.0

All items (December 1977=100)

361.571 361.651 361.653      

Food and beverages

241.107 240.324 240.513 0.4 -0.2 0.1

Food

240.581 239.755 239.935 0.3 -0.3 0.1

Food at home

227.031 226.382 226.444 0.0 -0.3 0.0

Food away from home

266.201 265.018 265.439 0.9 -0.3 0.2

Alcoholic beverages

247.930 247.837 248.192 1.0 0.1 0.1

Housing

216.239 218.158 217.881 2.4 0.8 -0.1

Shelter

250.764 251.552 251.497 2.5 0.3 0.0

Rent of primary residence(1)

261.657 262.225 262.895 2.9 0.5 0.3

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(1)(2)

247.408 247.956 248.337 2.5 0.4 0.2

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)(2)

247.401 247.946 248.326 2.5 0.4 0.2

Fuels and utilities

221.758 231.734 231.512 4.1 4.4 -0.1

Household energy

181.549 191.653 191.364 4.1 5.4 -0.2

Energy services(1)

187.606 198.700 198.680 4.1 5.9 0.0

Electricity(1)

201.420 217.404 217.862 2.8 8.2 0.2

Utility (piped) gas service(1)

153.407 155.296 154.433 7.5 0.7 -0.6

Household furnishings and operations

112.003 111.753 110.536 -1.7 -1.3 -1.1

Apparel

117.574 114.369 114.080 3.3 -3.0 -0.3

Transportation

193.291 191.559 190.617 -0.1 -1.4 -0.5

Private transportation

189.555 187.924 187.225 -0.1 -1.2 -0.4

New and used motor vehicles(3)

96.952 96.543 96.251 -3.0 -0.7 -0.3

New vehicles

141.898 141.350 140.861 -1.1 -0.7 -0.3

Used cars and trucks

141.604 140.551 139.916 -4.7 -1.2 -0.5

Motor fuel

210.279 206.544 204.709 2.4 -2.6 -0.9

Gasoline (all types)

209.080 205.342 203.524 2.4 -2.7 -0.9

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

202.965 199.310 197.433 2.3 -2.7 -0.9

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

242.796 237.732 237.051 3.2 -2.4 -0.3

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

232.684 228.978 227.986 3.5 -2.0 -0.4

Medical Care

483.564 483.419 488.132 2.4 0.9 1.0

Medical care commodities

380.008 380.131 392.829 4.8 3.4 3.3

Medical care services

515.617 515.377 517.196 1.8 0.3 0.4

Professional services

417.520 417.051 417.962 2.4 0.1 0.2

Recreation(3)

117.037 117.155 117.935 2.4 0.8 0.7

Education and communication(3)

127.204 126.698 126.707 -4.0 -0.4 0.0

Other goods and services

463.284 463.219 464.842 2.0 0.3 0.4
 

Commodity and Service Group

 
 

All Items

223.575 223.625 223.626 1.2 0.0 0.0

Commodities

179.541 178.263 178.061 0.1 -0.8 -0.1

Commodities less food & beverages

149.654 148.221 147.871 -0.1 -1.2 -0.2

Nondurables less food & beverages

197.108 194.696 194.725 2.0 -1.2 0.0

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

246.119 244.066 244.269 1.7 -0.8 0.1

Durables

105.512 104.881 104.280 -2.9 -1.2 -0.6

Services

275.578 277.036 277.252 1.9 0.6 0.1

Rent of shelter(2)

249.162 249.936 249.880 2.5 0.3 0.0

Transportation services

308.970 307.506 306.487 2.2 -0.8 -0.3

Other services

306.541 306.304 307.372 -0.6 0.3 0.3
 

Special aggregate indexes:

 
 

All items less medical care

213.610 213.667 213.487 1.0 -0.1 -0.1

All items less food

220.105 220.295 220.267 1.3 0.1 0.0

All items less shelter

216.315 216.102 216.124 0.6 -0.1 0.0

Commodities less food

152.603 151.193 150.857 -0.1 -1.1 -0.2

Nondurables

219.389 217.739 217.846 1.1 -0.7 0.0

Nondurables less food

199.701 197.403 197.449 1.9 -1.1 0.0

Nondurables less food and apparel

244.688 242.795 243.009 1.6 -0.7 0.1

Services less rent of shelter(2)

278.841 280.898 281.387 1.3 0.9 0.2

Services less medical care services

259.720 261.274 261.392 1.9 0.6 0.0

Energy

194.116 197.763 196.758 3.3 1.4 -0.5

All items less energy

229.080 228.702 228.823 0.9 -0.1 0.1

All items less food and energy

226.924 226.630 226.739 1.1 -0.1 0.0

Commodities less food and energy commodities

147.789 146.709 146.638 -0.7 -0.8 0.0

Energy commodities

209.868 206.141 204.091 2.5 -2.8 -1.0

Services less energy services

287.247 287.540 287.786 1.7 0.2 0.1

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a December 1984=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
 

Regions defined as the four Census regions. Midwest includes Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.
 

 

Last Modified Date: Friday, August 11, 2017