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News Release Information

21-1673-KAN
Tuesday, September 14, 2021

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Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (816) 285-7000

Consumer Price Index, Midwest Region – August 2021

Regional prices up 0.2 percent over the past month, up 5.7 percent from a year ago

Prices in the Midwest Region, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), increased 0.2 percent in August, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See table A.) Food prices were up 0.6 percent in August and energy costs rose 0.1 percent. The all items less food and energy index also increased 0.1 percent in August. Within the all items less food and energy category, prices were higher for shelter and household furnishings and operations. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U rose 5.7 percent. (See chart 1.) The index for all items less food and energy increased 4.2 percent over the year. Energy prices jumped 26.9 percent, largely the result of an increase in the price of gasoline. Food prices rose 4.6 percent. (See table 1.)

Food

Food prices rose 0.6 percent for the month of August. Prices for food at home rose 0.5 percent, and prices for food away from home advanced 0.7 percent for the same period.

Over the year, food prices rose 4.6 percent. Prices for food at home rose 3.6 percent since a year ago, and prices for food away from home advanced 5.8 percent.

Energy

The energy index rose 0.1 percent over the month. The increase was mainly due to higher prices for natural gas service (2.8 percent). Prices for gasoline declined 0.3 percent, and prices for electricity decreased 0.8 percent for the same period.

Energy prices jumped 26.9 percent over the year, largely due to higher prices for gasoline (44.0 percent). Prices paid for natural gas service jumped 36.6 percent, and prices for electricity increased 1.3 percent during the past year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy was up 0.1 percent in August. Higher prices for shelter (0.3 percent) and household furnishings and operations (1.0 percent) were partially offset by lower prices for used cars and trucks (-1.4 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy increased 4.2 percent. Components contributing to the increase included new and used motor vehicles (16.8 percent) and shelter (3.4 percent).

Table A. Midwest region CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

0.7 2.2 0.4 1.6 -0.2 0.8 0.4 2.5 0.5 1.2

February

0.8 2.4 0.9 1.7 0.9 1.3 0.3 2.1 0.8 1.7

March

0.2 1.9 0.4 1.8 1.3 1.7 -0.5 1.0 0.7 3.0

April

0.5 1.8 0.6 1.8 0.9 1.5 -1.1 -0.4 0.8 4.9

May

0.4 1.4 0.9 2.3 0.6 1.3 0.3 -0.4 1.0 5.6

June

0.0 0.9 0.7 2.5 0.3 1.2 0.8 0.4 1.0 5.8

July

0.1 1.3 0.1 2.4 0.2 1.5 0.5 0.7 0.6 5.9

August

0.3 1.5 -0.1 2.1 0.2 1.5 0.4 1.1 0.2 5.7

September

0.5 1.5 0.1 1.9 0.0 1.4 0.2 1.3

October

0.1 1.5 0.2 2.2 0.2 1.5 -0.1 1.0

November

0.0 1.9 -0.5 1.4 0.0 1.9 -0.2 1.0

December

0.0 1.7 -0.9 1.3 -0.2 2.3 0.1 1.1

The September 2021 Consumer Price Index for the Midwest Region is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, October 13, 2021.

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic Impact on August 2021 Consumer Price Index Data

Data collection by personal visit for the Consumer Price Index (CPI) program has been suspended since March 16, 2020. When possible, data normally collected by personal visit were collected either online or by phone. Additionally, data collection in August 2021 was affected by the temporary closing or limited operations of certain types of establishments. These factors resulted in an increase in the number of prices considered temporarily unavailable and imputed. While the CPI program attempted to collect as much data as possible, many indexes are based on smaller amounts of collected prices than usual, and a small number of indexes that are normally published were not published this month. Additional information is available at www.bls.gov/covid19/effects-of-covid-19-pandemic-on-consumer-price-index.htm.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total U.S. population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total U.S. population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date; for most of the CPI-U the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. An increase of 7 percent from the reference base, for example, is shown as 107.000.  Alternatively, that relationship can also be expressed as the price of a base period market basket of goods and services rising from $100 to $107. For further details see the CPI home page on the internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the CPI section of the BLS Handbook of Methods available on the internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/cpi/.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Midwest region is comprised of Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.

Information in this release will be made available to individuals with sensory impairments upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods, Midwest Region, (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted) (not seasonally adjusted)
Expenditure category Indexes Percent change from
Jun.
2021
Jul.
2021
Aug.
2021
Aug.
2020
Jun.
2021
Jul.
2021

All items

253.042 254.671 255.142 5.7 0.8 0.2

All items (December 1977 = 100)

411.713 414.364 415.130      

Food and beverages

262.863 264.662 266.048 4.3 1.2 0.5

Food

262.685 264.563 266.100 4.6 1.3 0.6

Food at home

239.911 241.889 243.148 3.6 1.3 0.5

Cereals and bakery products

266.483 271.821 271.032 3.2 1.7 -0.3

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

272.206 278.787 280.923 7.2 3.2 0.8

Dairy and related products

210.380 209.480 210.474 0.9 0.0 0.5

Fruits and vegetables

284.776 281.328 282.140 3.9 -0.9 0.3

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

170.493 172.584 174.915 5.2 2.6 1.4

Other food at home

204.505 205.596 206.576 1.0 1.0 0.5

Food away from home

300.104 301.855 303.828 5.8 1.2 0.7

Alcoholic beverages

263.610 264.404 263.907 1.6 0.1 -0.2

Housing

246.977 248.779 249.750 4.6 1.1 0.4

Shelter

294.263 296.222 297.007 3.4 0.9 0.3

Rent of primary residence(1)

295.241 296.658 297.715 3.0 0.8 0.4

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(1)(2)

300.291 301.584 302.306 2.9 0.7 0.2

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(1)(2)

300.200 301.495 302.218 2.9 0.7 0.2

Fuels and utilities

245.023 246.840 248.051 10.1 1.2 0.5

Household energy

199.715 201.594 202.624 12.3 1.5 0.5

Energy services(1)

206.985 208.871 209.796 11.5 1.4 0.4

Electricity(1)

215.066 217.039 215.281 1.3 0.1 -0.8

Utility (piped) gas service(1)

180.551 182.176 187.286 36.6 3.7 2.8

Household furnishings and operations

122.603 123.950 125.239 6.4 2.2 1.0

Apparel

110.380 109.230 109.793 2.3 -0.5 0.5

Transportation

230.315 233.423 232.393 17.3 0.9 -0.4

Private transportation

227.777 231.799 231.550 18.2 1.7 -0.1

New and used motor vehicles(3)

116.619 118.797 118.732 16.8 1.8 -0.1

New vehicles

145.884 150.440 152.843 9.4 4.8 1.6

New cars and trucks(3)(4)

103.129 106.340 108.037 9.4 4.8 1.6

New cars(4)

143.119 146.908 149.986 8.2 4.8 2.1

Used cars and trucks

198.907 200.603 197.797 32.4 -0.6 -1.4

Motor fuel

271.925 277.787 277.002 43.8 1.9 -0.3

Gasoline (all types)

270.762 276.714 275.912 44.0 1.9 -0.3

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

264.197 270.038 269.193 44.9 1.9 -0.3

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

311.034 317.948 317.537 39.6 2.1 -0.1

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

290.072 296.018 295.868 34.9 2.0 -0.1

Motor vehicle insurance(6)

742.963 742.623 740.830 -0.7 -0.3 -0.2

Medical care

522.287 522.055 523.732 0.4 0.3 0.3

Medical care commodities

371.477 371.192 371.226 -4.8 -0.1 0.0

Medical care services

572.390 572.174 574.379 1.5 0.3 0.4

Professional services

435.596 436.969 439.047 2.2 0.8 0.5

Recreation(3)

126.562 126.935 126.790 3.9 0.2 -0.1

Education and communication(3)

141.600 141.853 141.308 0.1 -0.2 -0.4

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(6)

1,225.400 1,228.391 1,219.672 0.6 -0.5 -0.7

Other goods and services

452.794 455.936 458.956 3.4 1.4 0.7

Commodity and service group

Commodities

193.842 195.708 196.461 9.6 1.4 0.4

Commodities less food and beverages

160.097 161.904 162.393 13.0 1.4 0.3

Nondurables less food and beverages

201.313 202.874 203.475 11.8 1.1 0.3

Durables

117.217 118.962 119.329 14.2 1.8 0.3

Services

313.785 315.114 315.258 3.2 0.5 0.0

Special aggregate indexes

All items less shelter

240.656 242.184 242.553 6.7 0.8 0.2

All items less medical care

240.316 242.039 242.452 6.3 0.9 0.2

Commodities less food

163.363 165.148 165.614 12.4 1.4 0.3

Nondurables

231.485 233.165 234.142 7.6 1.1 0.4

Nondurables less food

204.580 206.088 206.618 10.9 1.0 0.3

Services less rent of shelter(2)

344.019 344.691 344.117 2.9 0.0 -0.2

Services less medical care services

294.475 295.934 295.913 3.4 0.5 0.0

Energy

232.432 236.105 236.320 26.9 1.7 0.1

All items less energy

258.372 259.835 260.336 4.2 0.8 0.2

All items less food and energy

258.368 259.762 260.080 4.2 0.7 0.1

(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(6) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base.

Note: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

 

Last Modified Date: Tuesday, September 14, 2021