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17-1004-KAN
Friday, July 14, 2017

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Consumer Price Index, St. Louis – First Half 2017

Prices increased 1.8 percent from the first half of 2016 to the first half of 2017

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) for the St. Louis, Mo.-Ill., metropolitan area increased 1.8 percent from the first half of 2016 to the first half of 2017, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Stanley W. Suchman noted that higher shelter costs (2.6 percent) had the largest upward impact on the index, while rising energy prices (9.2 percent) also contributed to the advance. Education and communication costs registered the largest offsetting movement with a decline of 6.9 percent. The all items less food and energy index, which includes shelter, rose 1.2 percent over the year.

Food

Food prices increased 1.3 percent from first half of 2016 to the first half of 2017, after registering little change (-0.1 percent) in the same period one year ago. Costs for food at home turned up a modest 0.3 percent, while prices for food away from home advanced 2.6 percent for the 12 months ended with the first half 2017. During the same period one year ago, costs for food at home declined 1.4 percent and prices for food away from home rose 1.8 percent.

Energy

The energy index, which includes motor fuel and household fuels, increased 9.2 percent from the first half of 2016 to the first half of 2017, after decreasing 11.3 percent in the same period one year ago. Rising prices for gasoline (14.0 percent) were largely responsible for the rise in the energy component, though higher costs for utility (piped) gas service (9.1 percent) and electricity (2.5 percent) also contributed to the increase. In the same period one year ago, prices for gasoline fell 18.1 percent, utility (piped) gas service prices declined 11.1 percent, and electricity costs were down 1.8 percent.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy rose 1.2 percent from the first half of 2016 to the first half of 2017, following an increase of 1.9 percent in the same period one year ago. Among the expenditure categories posting higher costs were shelter (2.6 percent) and medical care (6.3 percent). In contrast, the index for education and communication (-6.9 percent) was among the components that registered lower prices over the year.

The St. Louis CPI-U stood at 223.685 for the first half of 2017. This means that a market basket of goods and services that cost $100.00 in the 1982-84 base period cost $223.69 in the first half of 2017. Because metropolitan area CPI data are not adjusted for seasonal price variation, consumers and businesses should be cautious in drawing conclusions about long-term retail price trends from short-term changes in the metropolitan area indexes.

CPI-W

The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) for the St. Louis, Mo.-Ill., metropolitan area for the first half of 2017 was 221.049. The CPI-W increased 1.5 percent from the first half of 2016 to the first half of 2017.

The Consumer Price Index for the Second Half of 2017 is scheduled to be released in January 2018.

Consumer Price Index Geographic Revision for 2018

In January 2018, BLS will introduce a new geographic area sample for the Consumer Price Index (CPI). This index will change to a bimonthly publication schedule beginning in February 2018. The first indexes using the new structure will be published in February 2018. Additional information on the geographic revision is available at: www.bls.gov/cpi/georevision2018.htm.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 89 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 28 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 24,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between areas; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The St. Louis, Mo.-Ill., area covered in this release includes Clinton, Jersey, Madison, Monroe, and St. Clair Counties in Illinois; and Crawford (part), Franklin, Jefferson, Lincoln, St. Charles, St. Louis, and Warren Counties and St. Louis City in Missouri.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes for semiannual averages and percent changes for selected periods

St. Louis, MO-IL (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

 
Semiannual average indexes
 
Percent change to
1st half 2017 from-
1st half
2016
2nd half
2016
1st half
2017
1st half
2016
2nd half
2016

Expenditure category

 
 

All Items

219.792 222.357 223.685 1.8 0.6

All items (1967=100)

652.820 660.438 664.381    

Food and beverages

246.670 247.099 250.122 1.4 1.2

Food

246.030 246.273 249.190 1.3 1.2

Food at home

227.704 226.344 228.499 0.3 1.0

Food away from home

276.302 279.287 283.495 2.6 1.5

Alcoholic beverages

226.522 228.984 232.856 2.8 1.7

Housing

211.700 216.203 216.917 2.5 0.3

Shelter

247.917 251.360 254.321 2.6 1.2

Rent of primary residence(1)

224.959 227.178 230.141 2.3 1.3

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(1)(2)

256.958 262.060 263.260 2.5 0.5

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)(2)

256.958 262.060 263.260 2.5 0.5

Fuels and utilities

200.024 216.280 209.856 4.9 -3.0

Household energy

178.321 195.802 187.732 5.3 -4.1

Energy services(1)

182.239 200.287 191.124 4.9 -4.6

Electricity(1)

192.747 219.923 197.629 2.5 -10.1

Utility (piped) gas service(1)

138.714 141.849 151.397 9.1 6.7

Household furnishings and operations

120.658 121.307 119.652 -0.8 -1.4

Apparel

152.559 154.237 159.034 4.2 3.1

Transportation

181.623 181.137 184.218 1.4 1.7

Private transportation

180.755 181.081 183.845 1.7 1.5

Motor fuel

186.966 200.586 213.314 14.1 6.3

Gasoline (all types)

184.067 197.398 209.921 14.0 6.3

Gasoline, unleaded regular(3)

176.594 189.682 201.620 14.2 6.3

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(3)(4)

219.689 234.009 249.702 13.7 6.7

Gasoline, unleaded premium(3)

193.375 206.357 219.871 13.7 6.5

Medical Care

412.710 428.846 438.783 6.3 2.3

Recreation(5)

118.193 119.109 119.122 0.8 0.0

Education and communication(5)

139.237 137.008 129.616 -6.9 -5.4

Other goods and services

307.519 307.199 311.550 1.3 1.4
 

Commodity and Service Group

 
 

All Items

219.792 222.357 223.685 1.8 0.6

Commodities

182.727 182.983 185.259 1.4 1.2

Commodities less food & beverages

150.430 150.608 152.500 1.4 1.3

Nondurables less food & beverages

196.996 200.139 206.891 5.0 3.4

Durables

106.524 104.675 103.114 -3.2 -1.5

Services

258.295 263.016 263.510 2.0 0.2
 

Special aggregate indexes:

 
 

All items less medical care

210.169 212.051 212.946 1.3 0.4

All items less shelter

211.756 214.023 214.759 1.4 0.3

Commodities less food

153.810 154.059 156.025 1.4 1.3

Nondurables

222.231 224.112 229.151 3.1 2.2

Nondurables less food

200.155 203.269 209.861 4.8 3.2

Services less rent of shelter(2)

275.960 282.066 279.986 1.5 -0.7

Services less medical care services

243.854 247.122 247.136 1.3 0.0

Energy

183.038 198.956 199.788 9.2 0.4

All items less energy

226.126 227.495 228.887 1.2 0.6

All items less food and energy

222.856 224.403 225.552 1.2 0.5

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a November 1982=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
 

Table 2. Consumer Price Index for Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): Indexes for semiannual averages and percent changes for selected periods

St. Louis, MO-IL (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

 
Semiannual average indexes
 
Percent change to
1st half 2017 from-
1st half
2016
2nd half
2016
1st half
2017
1st half
2016
2nd half
2016

Expenditure category

 
 

All Items

217.752 220.082 221.049 1.5 0.4

All items (1967=100)

640.638 647.493 650.338    

Food and beverages

248.007 248.523 251.170 1.3 1.1

Food

247.810 248.068 250.548 1.1 1.0

Food at home

230.428 229.296 231.126 0.3 0.8

Food away from home

277.291 280.401 284.154 2.5 1.3

Alcoholic beverages

218.918 221.257 224.807 2.7 1.6

Housing

214.305 219.382 219.747 2.5 0.2

Shelter

248.531 252.094 254.749 2.5 1.1

Rent of primary residence(1)

224.959 227.178 230.141 2.3 1.3

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(1)(2)

235.410 240.084 241.184 2.5 0.5

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)(2)

235.410 240.084 241.184 2.5 0.5

Fuels and utilities

204.211 221.286 214.668 5.1 -3.0

Household energy

181.254 199.303 191.236 5.5 -4.0

Energy services(1)

186.006 204.933 194.793 4.7 -4.9

Electricity(1)

192.746 219.922 197.628 2.5 -10.1

Utility (piped) gas service(1)

138.714 141.849 151.397 9.1 6.7

Household furnishings and operations

112.872 113.773 112.403 -0.4 -1.2

Apparel

145.521 145.726 151.284 4.0 3.8

Transportation

184.337 184.120 186.858 1.4 1.5

Private transportation

182.842 183.116 185.649 1.5 1.4

Motor fuel

186.719 200.405 213.125 14.1 6.3

Gasoline (all types)

184.067 197.398 209.922 14.0 6.3

Gasoline, unleaded regular(3)

176.586 189.673 201.610 14.2 6.3

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(3)(4)

219.689 234.009 249.702 13.7 6.7

Gasoline, unleaded premium(3)

193.384 206.366 219.882 13.7 6.5

Medical Care

415.611 432.039 441.201 6.2 2.1

Recreation(5)

120.146 120.351 120.476 0.3 0.1

Education and communication(5)

132.685 130.503 122.853 -7.4 -5.9

Other goods and services

328.892 328.887 335.107 1.9 1.9
 

Commodity and Service Group

 
 

All Items

217.752 220.082 221.049 1.5 0.4

Commodities

185.443 185.765 187.986 1.4 1.2

Commodities less food & beverages

154.357 154.589 156.573 1.4 1.3

Nondurables less food & beverages

192.428 195.737 202.547 5.3 3.5

Durables

115.185 113.249 111.701 -3.0 -1.4

Services

256.547 261.116 260.722 1.6 -0.2
 

Special aggregate indexes:

 
 

All items less medical care

209.672 211.471 212.131 1.2 0.3

All items less shelter

209.064 211.009 211.436 1.1 0.2

Commodities less food

157.107 157.439 159.494 1.5 1.3

Nondurables

219.950 221.891 226.663 3.1 2.2

Nondurables less food

194.836 198.037 204.491 5.0 3.3

Services less rent of shelter(2)

254.055 259.359 256.001 0.8 -1.3

Services less medical care services

242.689 246.006 245.179 1.0 -0.3

Energy

180.811 196.685 197.767 9.4 0.6

All items less energy

224.187 225.102 226.067 0.8 0.4

All items less food and energy

219.255 220.287 220.973 0.8 0.3

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a November 1984=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
 

 

Last Modified Date: Friday, July 14, 2017