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News Release Information

21-1432-KAN
Wednesday, August 04, 2021

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (816) 285-7000

Business Employment Dynamics in Kansas – Fourth Quarter 2020

From September 2020 to December 2020, gross job gains from opening and expanding private-sector establishments in Kansas were 76,568, while gross job losses from closing and contracting private-sector establishments were 66,093, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Michael Hirniak noted that the difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses yielded a net employment gain of 10,475 jobs in the private sector during the fourth quarter of 2020. During the previous quarter, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 20,895. (See chart 1.)


The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all private businesses in the economy. Business Employment Dynamics (BED) statistics track these changes in employment at private-sector establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. The difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses is the net change in employment. (See Technical Note.)

Gross job gains

In the fourth quarter of 2020, gross job gains represented 7.0 percent of private-sector employment in Kansas; nationally, gross job gains accounted for 7.4 percent of private-sector employment. (See chart 2.) Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment due to expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. In Kansas, gross job gains at expanding establishments totaled 61,828 in the fourth quarter of 2020, a decrease of 9,361 jobs compared to the previous quarter. (See table 1.) Opening establishments accounted for 14,740 jobs gained in the fourth quarter of 2020, an increase of 769 jobs from the previous quarter.

Gross job losses

In the fourth quarter of 2020, gross job losses represented 6.0 percent of private-sector employment in Kansas; nationally, gross job losses accounted for 5.7 percent of private-sector employment. (See chart 3.) Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. In Kansas, contracting establishments lost 53,736 jobs in the fourth quarter of 2020, a decrease of 3,660 jobs from the prior quarter. Closing establishments lost 12,357 jobs, a decrease of 1,832 jobs from the previous quarter.

Industries

Gross job gains exceeded gross job losses in 8 of the 10 industry sectors in Kansas in the fourth quarter of 2020. Transportation and warehousing had the largest over-the-quarter net job increase, with a gain of 2,906 jobs. This was the result of 5,355 gross job gains and 2,449 gross job losses. The construction and education and health services industries had net job gains of 2,401 and 2,384, respectively. Financial activities showed a net loss of 362 jobs and the other services industry sector had a net loss of 112 jobs.

For more information

The BED data series include gross job gains and gross job losses by industry subsector, for the 50 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands, as well as gross job gains and gross job losses at the firm level by employer size class. BED data for the states have been included in table 2 of this release. Additional information is available online at www.bls.gov/bdm/.

The Business Employment Dynamics for First Quarter 2021 are scheduled to be released on Wednesday, October 27, 2021.

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Effect on Fourth Quarter 2020 Business Employment Dynamics

Data collection and processing methods have been impacted because of the COVID-19 pandemic. More detail can be found at www.bls.gov/covid19/effects-of-covid-19-pandemic-on-business-employment-dynamics.htm.


Technical Note

The Business Employment Dynamics (BED) data are a product of a federal-state cooperative program known as Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW). The BED data are compiled by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) from existing QCEW records. Most employers in the U.S. are required to file quarterly reports on the employment and wages of workers covered by unemployment insurance (UI) laws, and to pay quarterly UI taxes. The QCEW is based largely on quarterly UI reports which are sent by businesses to the State Workforce Agencies (SWAs). These UI reports are supplemented by two additional BLS data collections to render administrative data into economic statistics. Together these data comprise the QCEW and form the basis of the Bureau’s establishment universe sampling frame.

In the BED program, the QCEW records are linked across quarters to provide a longitudinal history for each establishment. The linkage process allows the tracking of net employment changes at the establishment level, which in turn allows the estimation of jobs gained at opening and expanding units and jobs lost at closing and contracting units.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. BED statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross jobs gained and the number of gross jobs lost is the net change in employment.

Gross job gains and gross job losses are expressed as rates by dividing their levels by the average of employment in the current and previous quarters. The rates are calculated for the components of gross job gains and gross job losses and then summed to form their respective totals. These rates can be added and subtracted just as their levels can. For instance, the difference between the gross job gains rate and the gross job losses rate is the net growth rate.

The formal definitions of employment changes are as follows:

Openings. These are either units with positive third month employment for the first time in the current quarter, with no links to the prior quarter, or with positive third month employment in the current quarter following zero employment in the previous quarter.

Expansions. These are units with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net increase in employment over this period.

Closings. These are either units with positive third month employment in the previous quarter, with no employment or zero employment reported in the current quarter.

Contractions. These are units with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net decrease in employment over this period.

The full Technical Note for the Business Employment Dynamics program, which includes information on coverage, concepts, and methodology, can be found in the current quarterly news release online at www.bls.gov/news.release/cewbd.htm.

Information in this release will be made available to individuals with sensory impairments upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses by industry, Kansas, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains and job losses
(3 months ended)
Gross job gains and job losses
as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Dec.
2019
Mar.
2019
June
2020
Sept
2020
Dec.
2020
Dec.
2019
Mar.
2020
June
2020
Sept
2020
Dec.
2020

Total private (1)

Gross job gains

72,463 62,633 55,975 85,160 76,568 6.3 5.4 5.0 7.9 7.0

At expanding establishments

59,937 51,882 44,720 71,189 61,828 5.2 4.5 4.0 6.6 5.7

At opening establishments

12,526 10,751 11,255 13,971 14,740 1.1 0.9 1.0 1.3 1.3

Gross job losses

65,013 68,682 146,615 64,265 66,093 5.7 6.0 13.3 6.0 6.0

At contracting establishments

51,413 57,537 128,948 50,076 53,736 4.5 5.0 11.7 4.7 4.9

At closing establishments

13,600 11,145 17,667 14,189 12,357 1.2 1.0 1.6 1.3 1.1

Net employment change (2)

7,450 -6,049 -90,640 20,895 10,475 0.6 -0.6 -8.3 1.9 1.0

Construction

Gross job gains

6,632 6,661 5,421 5,100 7,256 10.5 10.1 8.4 8.2 11.5

At expanding establishments

5,389 5,320 4,299 3,983 5,991 8.5 8.1 6.7 6.4 9.5

At opening establishments

1,243 1,341 1,122 1,117 1,265 2.0 2.0 1.7 1.8 2.0

Gross job losses

5,251 5,221 8,908 6,126 4,855 8.3 7.9 13.8 9.8 7.7

At contracting establishments

3,933 4,221 7,247 5,046 3,860 6.2 6.4 11.2 8.1 6.1

At closing establishments

1,318 1,000 1,661 1,080 995 2.1 1.5 2.6 1.7 1.6

Net employment change (2)

1,381 1,440 -3,487 -1,026 2,401 2.2 2.2 -5.4 -1.6 3.8

Manufacturing

Gross job gains

4,813 4,315 2,631 12,228 6,203 2.8 2.5 1.6 7.9 3.9

At expanding establishments

4,585 4,070 2,311 11,866 5,839 2.7 2.4 1.4 7.7 3.7

At opening establishments

228 245 320 362 364 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2

Gross job losses

4,139 5,733 22,846 5,951 6,094 2.4 3.4 14.2 3.9 3.8

At contracting establishments

3,399 5,442 22,337 5,332 5,232 2.0 3.2 13.9 3.5 3.3

At closing establishments

740 291 509 619 862 0.4 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5

Net employment change (2)

674 -1,418 -20,215 6,277 109 0.4 -0.9 -12.6 4.0 0.1

Wholesale trade

Gross job gains

2,972 2,602 2,248 2,959 2,980 5.1 4.5 4.0 5.4 5.4

At expanding establishments

2,281 2,294 1,757 2,231 2,187 3.9 4.0 3.1 4.1 4.0

At opening establishments

691 308 491 728 793 1.2 0.5 0.9 1.3 1.4

Gross job losses

2,722 2,995 5,044 2,829 2,350 4.7 5.2 9.0 5.2 4.2

At contracting establishments

2,048 2,301 3,986 2,017 1,664 3.5 4.0 7.1 3.7 3.0

At closing establishments

674 694 1,058 812 686 1.2 1.2 1.9 1.5 1.2

Net employment change (2)

250 -393 -2,796 130 630 0.4 -0.7 -5.0 0.2 1.2

Retail trade

Gross job gains

8,140 8,253 9,229 11,010 8,463 5.8 5.8 6.6 8.0 6.1

At expanding establishments

7,022 7,297 8,547 9,665 7,431 5.0 5.1 6.1 7.0 5.4

At opening establishments

1,118 956 682 1,345 1,032 0.8 0.7 0.5 1.0 0.7

Gross job losses

8,485 7,287 17,740 8,192 8,199 6.0 5.2 12.7 6.0 6.0

At contracting establishments

7,404 6,333 15,882 7,104 6,885 5.2 4.5 11.4 5.2 5.0

At closing establishments

1,081 954 1,858 1,088 1,314 0.8 0.7 1.3 0.8 1.0

Net employment change (2)

-345 966 -8,511 2,818 264 -0.2 0.6 -6.1 2.0 0.1

Transportation and warehousing

Gross job gains

5,651 2,781 5,498 4,548 5,355 9.8 4.9 9.9 8.1 9.1

At expanding establishments

5,280 2,450 5,049 4,207 4,981 9.2 4.3 9.1 7.5 8.5

At opening establishments

371 331 449 341 374 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.6 0.6

Gross job losses

3,021 5,489 5,707 2,852 2,449 5.2 9.6 10.2 5.1 4.1

At contracting establishments

2,481 5,143 5,360 2,512 2,077 4.3 9.0 9.6 4.5 3.5

At closing establishments

540 346 347 340 372 0.9 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6

Net employment change (2)

2,630 -2,708 -209 1,696 2,906 4.6 -4.7 -0.3 3.0 5.0

Financial activities

Gross job gains

3,739 2,880 3,004 4,109 3,868 5.0 3.8 4.0 5.7 5.3

At expanding establishments

2,815 2,248 2,166 3,183 2,769 3.8 3.0 2.9 4.4 3.8

At opening establishments

924 632 838 926 1,099 1.2 0.8 1.1 1.3 1.5

Gross job losses

3,467 3,351 4,845 3,879 4,230 4.7 4.5 6.6 5.3 5.8

At contracting establishments

2,461 2,550 3,882 2,549 3,110 3.3 3.4 5.3 3.5 4.3

At closing establishments

1,006 801 963 1,330 1,120 1.4 1.1 1.3 1.8 1.5

Net employment change (2)

272 -471 -1,841 230 -362 0.3 -0.7 -2.6 0.4 -0.5

Professional and business services

Gross job gains

14,036 11,915 10,785 15,383 16,469 7.8 6.7 6.3 9.2 9.7

At expanding establishments

11,436 9,749 7,842 12,242 12,676 6.4 5.5 4.6 7.3 7.5

At opening establishments

2,600 2,166 2,943 3,141 3,793 1.4 1.2 1.7 1.9 2.2

Gross job losses

13,961 12,870 21,554 11,969 15,382 7.8 7.2 12.6 7.2 9.0

At contracting establishments

10,885 10,612 17,902 8,620 12,967 6.1 5.9 10.5 5.2 7.6

At closing establishments

3,076 2,258 3,652 3,349 2,415 1.7 1.3 2.1 2.0 1.4

Net employment change (2)

75 -955 -10,769 3,414 1,087 0.0 -0.5 -6.3 2.0 0.7

Education and health services

Gross job gains

9,341 8,434 6,576 9,157 10,199 4.7 4.2 3.3 4.8 5.2

At expanding establishments

7,495 6,343 5,112 7,109 8,365 3.8 3.2 2.6 3.7 4.3

At opening establishments

1,846 2,091 1,464 2,048 1,834 0.9 1.0 0.7 1.1 0.9

Gross job losses

8,501 8,415 14,647 8,028 7,815 4.3 4.2 7.5 4.2 4.0

At contracting establishments

6,535 7,031 13,062 6,367 6,173 3.3 3.5 6.7 3.3 3.2

At closing establishments

1,966 1,384 1,585 1,661 1,642 1.0 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.8

Net employment change (2)

840 19 -8,071 1,129 2,384 0.4 0.0 -4.2 0.6 1.2

Leisure and hospitality

Gross job gains

11,495 9,770 6,627 14,661 10,513 8.9 7.5 5.7 13.6 9.5

At expanding establishments

9,078 7,918 4,749 11,871 7,774 7.0 6.1 4.1 11.0 7.0

At opening establishments

2,417 1,852 1,878 2,790 2,739 1.9 1.4 1.6 2.6 2.5

Gross job losses

10,044 12,022 35,279 9,205 9,134 7.7 9.3 30.1 8.5 8.2

At contracting establishments

8,047 9,466 30,664 6,611 7,645 6.2 7.3 26.2 6.1 6.9

At closing establishments

1,997 2,556 4,615 2,594 1,489 1.5 2.0 3.9 2.4 1.3

Net employment change (2)

1,451 -2,252 -28,652 5,456 1,379 1.2 -1.8 -24.4 5.1 1.3

Other services (3)

Gross job gains

2,979 2,795 1,792 3,266 2,594 8.8 8.4 5.8 11.0 8.6

At expanding establishments

2,462 2,351 1,229 2,671 1,952 7.3 7.1 4.0 9.0 6.5

At opening establishments

517 444 563 595 642 1.5 1.3 1.8 2.0 2.1

Gross job losses

2,835 2,696 5,449 2,094 2,706 8.4 8.2 17.5 7.1 9.0

At contracting establishments

2,196 2,137 4,694 1,531 2,204 6.5 6.5 15.1 5.2 7.3

At closing establishments

639 559 755 563 502 1.9 1.7 2.4 1.9 1.7

Net employment change (2)

144 99 -3,657 1,172 -112 0.4 0.2 -11.7 3.9 -0.4

(1) Includes unclassified sector not shown separately.
(2) The net employment change is the difference between total gross job gains and total gross job losses. See the Technical Note for further information.
(3) Except public administration.

Table 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of total employment by state, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Gross job losses as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Dec.
2019
Mar.
2020
Jun.
2020
Sep.
2020
Dec.
2020
Dec.
2019
Mar.
2020
Jun.
2020
Sep.
2020
Dec.
2020

United States(1)

6.2 5.5 4.8 9.4 7.4 5.5 6.1 17.0 6.0 5.7

Alabama

6.2 5.5 4.8 7.8 7.8 5.5 5.9 12.6 5.9 5.0

Alaska

10.3 9.2 6.9 12.2 13.4 10.2 9.5 24.5 9.9 7.7

Arizona

6.4 5.6 5.7 7.9 7.4 5.2 5.9 11.7 6.2 4.9

Arkansas

6.5 5.1 4.8 7.5 7.1 4.9 5.5 12.0 5.6 5.1

California

6.8 6.1 5.2 8.7 8.4 6.0 6.7 18.6 7.3 6.2

Colorado

6.7 6.3 5.8 10.0 7.5 6.2 7.0 14.9 6.3 7.2

Connecticut

5.5 5.2 4.3 11.2 6.5 5.6 5.9 19.7 5.1 5.8

Delaware

6.7 6.2 4.9 10.3 6.7 6.2 6.6 17.7 6.3 5.7

District of Columbia

5.4 5.2 3.3 8.3 5.2 4.7 5.3 22.4 5.8 5.5

Florida

6.6 5.4 6.1 9.5 7.6 5.9 6.2 13.9 6.8 5.6

Georgia

6.5 5.6 5.4 9.2 7.8 5.5 5.9 15.0 6.4 5.2

Hawaii

5.7 5.2 3.6 7.4 14.7 5.2 5.8 29.8 12.7 4.6

Idaho

7.7 7.6 6.4 8.4 8.7 6.3 6.1 11.2 6.5 6.1

Illinois

5.6 5.0 4.6 9.7 6.5 5.2 6.0 18.4 5.6 6.1

Indiana

6.0 4.9 4.7 8.3 6.9 5.1 6.0 13.7 5.4 5.0

Iowa

5.8 5.2 4.4 7.4 6.8 5.5 5.9 13.0 5.6 5.1

Kansas

6.3 5.4 5.0 7.9 7.0 5.7 6.0 13.3 6.0 6.0

Kentucky

6.2 5.3 4.6 8.8 6.8 5.6 6.1 15.3 5.0 5.4

Louisiana

5.9 5.3 4.5 8.8 8.7 5.7 6.3 16.9 7.2 5.5

Maine

7.3 6.4 5.4 12.0 8.5 6.9 7.0 21.7 6.0 6.3

Maryland

6.4 5.7 4.7 11.0 7.1 5.9 6.7 21.9 5.9 5.9

Massachusetts

5.8 5.2 3.7 12.5 7.0 5.6 6.0 24.2 5.6 5.6

Michigan

5.8 5.0 4.0 10.9 6.8 5.3 5.7 20.7 4.8 7.0

Minnesota

5.8 5.0 4.3 9.0 7.0 5.6 5.6 17.6 5.4 6.9

Mississippi

6.2 5.6 5.1 8.7 7.9 5.6 6.2 12.9 5.5 4.9

Missouri

6.2 5.2 4.7 8.5 7.2 5.3 5.7 14.3 5.7 5.3

Montana

8.6 7.7 6.8 9.9 9.3 7.2 7.7 13.8 7.2 6.8

Nebraska

6.2 5.8 4.9 8.1 6.8 5.8 6.1 12.1 5.9 5.6

Nevada

6.8 5.4 5.3 12.8 8.9 5.0 6.3 29.2 6.4 5.7

New Hampshire

6.6 6.0 4.5 11.9 7.4 6.0 6.4 18.8 5.1 6.5

New Jersey

6.5 5.7 4.6 15.7 8.1 5.8 6.3 28.1 5.8 5.9

New Mexico

7.0 6.1 4.5 8.3 7.1 6.3 6.5 17.6 6.0 7.6

New York

6.0 5.5 3.9 13.3 7.4 5.7 6.4 26.9 5.9 6.4

North Carolina

6.3 5.8 4.8 8.5 7.8 5.4 5.7 14.5 5.6 5.1

North Dakota

6.7 6.8 5.2 8.8 7.2 6.6 7.0 17.2 6.9 7.1

Ohio

5.7 5.1 4.5 7.7 6.6 5.3 5.6 14.4 5.3 5.2

Oklahoma

6.5 5.4 5.6 6.8 7.8 6.2 6.7 12.3 6.4 5.6

Oregon

6.7 6.2 5.0 9.0 7.4 5.8 6.5 18.4 6.2 6.5

Pennsylvania

5.4 4.9 3.6 10.3 6.2 4.9 5.6 18.2 5.0 5.3

Rhode Island

6.5 6.1 4.5 12.9 7.5 5.9 6.5 25.2 5.3 7.1

South Carolina

6.5 5.5 5.1 8.8 8.1 5.9 6.6 14.9 6.1 5.3

South Dakota

6.4 6.0 5.1 8.6 7.2 5.8 6.6 11.6 5.5 6.2

Tennessee

5.7 4.9 4.4 8.1 7.5 5.0 5.3 13.7 5.4 4.6

Texas

6.0 5.0 4.7 7.2 7.5 5.1 5.5 13.6 6.0 4.8

Utah

6.8 6.6 6.5 9.1 8.1 6.3 6.4 10.9 6.2 5.5

Vermont

6.9 5.8 4.6 12.3 7.6 6.4 7.6 18.5 5.7 7.9

Virginia

6.5 5.6 4.7 10.2 7.0 5.5 6.1 18.2 5.3 5.3

Washington

6.6 7.4 4.9 8.9 7.1 5.8 7.4 16.9 6.2 6.0

West Virginia

6.2 6.0 5.1 8.8 7.4 7.1 6.8 13.8 7.0 6.2

Wisconsin

5.4 5.0 4.4 7.6 6.3 5.0 5.3 14.4 5.2 5.1

Wyoming

9.4 8.6 6.4 10.7 10.0 8.7 9.3 18.1 7.7 7.6

Puerto Rico

5.4 5.0 4.0 11.0 6.6 4.9 5.2 16.9 5.1 4.9

Virgin Islands

10.3 7.2 5.3 8.4 8.9 7.3 8.3 19.8 12.3 5.4

(1) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, August 04, 2021