News Release Information

19-1438-KAN
Monday, August 26, 2019

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (816) 285-7000

Business Employment Dynamics in Kansas – Fourth Quarter 2018

From September 2018 to December 2018, gross job gains from opening and expanding private-sector establishments in Kansas totaled 69,167, while gross job losses from closing and contracting private-sector establishments numbered 61,579, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Stanley W. Suchman noted that the difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses yielded a net employment gain of 7,588. During the previous quarter, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 2,631.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. Business Employment Dynamics (BED) statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. The difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses is the net change in employment. (See the Technical Note for more information.)

The number of gross job gains in Kansas increased from 67,041 in the third quarter of 2018 to 69,167 in the fourth quarter of 2018, an increase of 2,126. The number of gross job losses declined from 64,410 in the third quarter of 2018 to 61,579 in the fourth quarter of 2018, down 2,831. (See chart 1.) 

Gross job gains represented 6.1 percent of private sector employment in Kansas in the fourth quarter of 2018, similarly national gross job gains accounted for 6.1 percent of private employment. (See chart 2.) Since June 2012, the rate of gross job gains in Kansas has been below or equal to the U.S. rate each quarter, with one exception. 

During the fourth quarter of 2018, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses in eight industry sectors in Kansas. For example, within transportation and warehousing, gross job gains exceeded gross jobs losses by 2,535. While almost 2,500 jobs were lost in closing and contracting establishments in the industry, more than 5,000 jobs were created by opening and expanding establishments in the fourth quarter of 2018. In manufacturing, approximately 5,600 jobs were created in opening and expanding establishments and more than 3,000 jobs were lost in closing and contracting establishments.

In contrast, gross job losses exceeded gross job gains in two industry sectors. Within retail trade, gross job losses exceeded gross job gains by 657.  In professional and business services, the 12,597 jobs lost in closing and contracting establishments offset the 12,001 jobs created by opening and expanding establishments, resulting in a net loss of 596 jobs. (See table 1.)

For More Information

BED data for the states have been included in table 2 of this release. For more information on the Business Employment Dynamics data, visit the BED website at www.bls.gov/bdm/.

The Business Employment Dynamics release for First Quarter 2019 is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, October 30, 2019.


Technical Note

The Business Employment Dynamics (BED) data are a product of a federal-state cooperative program known as Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW), or the ES-202 program. The BED data are compiled from existing quarterly QCEW records. The QCEW reports are sent by the State Employment Security Agencies (SESAs) to BLS and form the basis of the Bureau’s QCEW program and establishment universe sampling frame. These reports are also used to produce the QCEW data on total employment and wages. Other important Bureau uses of the QCEW reports are in the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program. The CES program produces monthly estimates of employment, net changes, and earnings by detailed industry.

In the BED program, the QCEW records are linked across quarters to provide a longitudinal history for each establishment. The linkage process allows the tracking of net employment changes at the establishment level, which in turn allows the estimation of jobs gained at opening and expanding establishments and jobs lost at closing and contracting establishments.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. BED statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross jobs gained and the number of gross jobs lost is the net change in employment.

Gross job gains and gross job losses are expressed as rates by dividing their levels by the average of employment in the current and previous quarters. The rates are calculated for the components of gross job gains and gross job losses and then summed to form their respective totals. These rates can be added and subtracted just as their levels can. For instance, the difference between the gross job gains rate and the gross job losses rate is the net growth rate.

The formal definitions of employment changes are as follows:

Openings.  These are either establishments with positive third month employment for the first time in the current quarter, with no links to the prior quarter, or with positive third month employment in the current quarter following zero employment in the previous quarter.

Expansions.  These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net increase in employment over this period.

Closings.  These are either establishments with positive third month employment in the previous quarter, with no employment or zero employment reported in the current quarter.

Contractions.  These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net decrease in employment over this period.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses by industry, Kansas, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains and job losses
(3 months ended)
Gross job gains and job losses
as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Dec.
2017
Mar.
2018
Jun.
2018
Sep.
2018
Dec.
2018
Dec.
2017
Mar.
2018
Jun.
2018
Sep.
2018
Dec.
2018

Total private (1)

Gross job gains

67,371 59,291 64,974 67,041 69,167 5.9 5.2 5.7 5.9 6.1

At expanding establishments

54,898 49,349 53,250 55,150 55,862 4.8 4.3 4.7 4.9 4.9

At opening establishments

12,473 9,942 11,724 11,891 13,305 1.1 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.2

Gross job losses

59,074 62,541 63,272 64,410 61,579 5.2 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.4

At contracting establishments

48,724 51,772 52,000 53,224 48,723 4.3 4.6 4.6 4.7 4.3

At closing establishments

10,350 10,769 11,272 11,186 12,856 0.9 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.1

Net employment change (2)

8,297 -3,250 1,702 2,631 7,588 0.7 -0.3 0.1 0.2 0.7

Construction

Gross job gains

6,080 5,675 5,440 6,578 6,067 10.1 9.2 8.9 10.8 9.8

At expanding establishments

4,733 4,429 4,397 5,188 5,008 7.9 7.2 7.2 8.5 8.1

At opening establishments

1,347 1,246 1,043 1,390 1,059 2.2 2.0 1.7 2.3 1.7

Gross job losses

4,574 5,479 5,487 5,656 5,541 7.6 8.9 9.0 9.3 9.0

At contracting establishments

3,597 4,488 4,333 4,606 4,017 6.0 7.3 7.1 7.6 6.5

At closing establishments

977 991 1,154 1,050 1,524 1.6 1.6 1.9 1.7 2.5

Net employment change (2)

1,506 196 -47 922 526 2.5 0.3 -0.1 1.5 0.8

Manufacturing

Gross job gains

4,942 4,150 4,895 4,625 5,615 3.0 2.6 3.0 2.8 3.3

At expanding establishments

4,616 3,736 4,643 4,293 5,201 2.8 2.3 2.8 2.6 3.1

At opening establishments

326 414 252 332 414 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2

Gross job losses

3,947 3,981 3,149 4,038 3,318 2.4 2.5 1.9 2.4 2.0

At contracting establishments

3,394 3,710 2,807 3,667 2,932 2.1 2.3 1.7 2.2 1.8

At closing establishments

553 271 342 371 386 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2

Net employment change (2)

995 169 1,746 587 2,297 0.6 0.1 1.1 0.4 1.3

Wholesale trade

Gross job gains

2,948 2,645 2,855 2,949 2,935 5.0 4.5 4.8 5.0 5.0

At expanding establishments

2,370 2,279 2,298 2,342 2,289 4.0 3.9 3.9 4.0 3.9

At opening establishments

578 366 557 607 646 1.0 0.6 0.9 1.0 1.1

Gross job losses

2,832 2,718 2,867 2,921 2,675 4.7 4.6 4.9 5.0 4.5

At contracting establishments

2,299 2,053 2,223 2,337 1,973 3.8 3.5 3.8 4.0 3.3

At closing establishments

533 665 644 584 702 0.9 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.2

Net employment change (2)

116 -73 -12 28 260 0.3 -0.1 -0.1 0.0 0.5

Retail trade

Gross job gains

7,830 7,450 7,929 8,081 7,490 5.4 5.0 5.4 5.6 5.2

At expanding establishments

6,961 6,652 6,781 7,122 6,534 4.8 4.5 4.6 4.9 4.5

At opening establishments

869 798 1,148 959 956 0.6 0.5 0.8 0.7 0.7

Gross job losses

8,023 7,724 8,664 9,160 8,147 5.5 5.3 5.9 6.3 5.7

At contracting establishments

7,070 6,826 7,436 7,872 6,914 4.8 4.7 5.1 5.4 4.8

At closing establishments

953 898 1,228 1,288 1,233 0.7 0.6 0.8 0.9 0.9

Net employment change (2)

-193 -274 -735 -1,079 -657 -0.1 -0.3 -0.5 -0.7 -0.5

Transportation and warehousing

Gross job gains

4,290 2,765 3,221 4,674 5,033 8.0 5.1 6.3 8.9 9.2

At expanding establishments

3,877 2,478 2,776 4,306 4,651 7.2 4.6 5.4 8.2 8.5

At opening establishments

413 287 445 368 382 0.8 0.5 0.9 0.7 0.7

Gross job losses

2,415 4,428 2,938 3,818 2,498 4.5 8.3 5.7 7.3 4.6

At contracting establishments

2,145 4,124 2,675 3,559 1,894 4.0 7.7 5.2 6.8 3.5

At closing establishments

270 304 263 259 604 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.5 1.1

Net employment change (2)

1,875 -1,663 283 856 2,535 3.5 -3.2 0.6 1.6 4.6

Financial activities

Gross job gains

3,452 3,090 3,780 3,438 3,771 4.6 4.2 5.2 4.7 5.1

At expanding establishments

2,615 2,420 2,857 2,648 2,723 3.5 3.3 3.9 3.6 3.7

At opening establishments

837 670 923 790 1,048 1.1 0.9 1.3 1.1 1.4

Gross job losses

3,263 3,073 3,561 3,945 3,445 4.4 4.1 4.8 5.4 4.7

At contracting establishments

2,573 2,322 2,587 2,797 2,523 3.5 3.1 3.5 3.8 3.4

At closing establishments

690 751 974 1,148 922 0.9 1.0 1.3 1.6 1.3

Net employment change (2)

189 17 219 -507 326 0.2 0.1 0.4 -0.7 0.4

Professional and business services

Gross job gains

13,086 10,539 12,756 13,189 12,001 7.4 6.0 7.1 7.3 6.7

At expanding establishments

9,917 8,662 10,273 10,522 8,926 5.6 4.9 5.7 5.8 5.0

At opening establishments

3,169 1,877 2,483 2,667 3,075 1.8 1.1 1.4 1.5 1.7

Gross job losses

12,541 12,528 12,017 11,886 12,597 7.0 7.1 6.7 6.6 7.0

At contracting establishments

10,044 10,245 9,488 9,207 10,363 5.6 5.8 5.3 5.1 5.8

At closing establishments

2,497 2,283 2,529 2,679 2,234 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.2

Net employment change (2)

545 -1,989 739 1,303 -596 0.4 -1.1 0.4 0.7 -0.3

Education and health services

Gross job gains

8,775 7,776 8,827 7,736 9,971 4.6 4.0 4.6 3.9 5.1

At expanding establishments

7,253 6,760 7,113 6,328 8,136 3.8 3.5 3.7 3.2 4.2

At opening establishments

1,522 1,016 1,714 1,408 1,835 0.8 0.5 0.9 0.7 0.9

Gross job losses

6,942 7,861 7,688 7,352 8,155 3.6 4.1 3.9 3.7 4.2

At contracting establishments

5,789 5,951 6,247 6,112 5,876 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.1 3.0

At closing establishments

1,153 1,910 1,441 1,240 2,279 0.6 1.0 0.7 0.6 1.2

Net employment change (2)

1,833 -85 1,139 384 1,816 1.0 -0.1 0.7 0.2 0.9

Leisure and hospitality

Gross job gains

10,751 10,566 10,389 10,559 11,437 8.4 8.2 8.0 8.2 8.9

At expanding establishments

8,364 8,148 8,203 8,252 8,627 6.5 6.3 6.3 6.4 6.7

At opening establishments

2,387 2,418 2,186 2,307 2,810 1.9 1.9 1.7 1.8 2.2

Gross job losses

9,995 10,120 11,342 10,812 10,275 7.8 7.8 8.8 8.5 7.9

At contracting establishments

8,097 8,310 9,701 9,203 8,457 6.3 6.4 7.5 7.2 6.5

At closing establishments

1,898 1,810 1,641 1,609 1,818 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.4

Net employment change (2)

756 446 -953 -253 1,162 0.6 0.4 -0.8 -0.3 1.0

Other services (3)

Gross job gains

2,962 2,299 2,414 2,608 2,481 9.0 7.1 7.4 8.1 7.6

At expanding establishments

2,362 1,822 1,948 2,104 1,983 7.2 5.6 6.0 6.5 6.1

At opening establishments

600 477 466 504 498 1.8 1.5 1.4 1.6 1.5

Gross job losses

2,154 2,390 2,841 2,402 2,384 6.6 7.4 8.8 7.4 7.3

At contracting establishments

1,728 1,915 2,331 1,941 1,697 5.3 5.9 7.2 6.0 5.2

At closing establishments

426 475 510 461 687 1.3 1.5 1.6 1.4 2.1

Net employment change (2)

808 -91 -427 206 97 2.4 -0.3 -1.4 0.7 0.3

Footnotes:
(1) Includes unclassified sector not shown separately.
(2) The net employment change is the difference between total gross job gains and total gross job losses. See the Technical Note for further information.
(3) Except public administration.

Table 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of total employment by state, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Gross job losses as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Dec.
2017
Mar.
2018
Jun.
2018
Sep.
2018
Dec.
2018
Dec.
2017
Mar.
2018
Jun.
2018
Sep.
2018
Dec.
2018

United States(1)

6.4 6.0 6.1 6.0 6.1 5.6 5.4 5.8 6.0 5.6

Alabama

6.0 6.0 5.8 5.9 6.3 5.4 5.3 5.7 5.9 5.3

Alaska

9.7 9.8 10.9 8.9 10.9 10.2 8.8 10.7 10.6 9.7

Arizona

6.3 6.0 6.0 6.6 6.2 5.3 5.3 5.9 5.0 5.1

Arkansas

6.1 5.4 5.0 6.0 5.8 5.1 5.0 5.6 5.5 4.9

California

6.9 6.4 6.7 6.5 6.7 6.0 5.9 6.3 6.2 5.9

Colorado

6.8 6.8 6.8 6.6 6.8 6.1 6.0 6.1 6.8 6.0

Connecticut

5.3 5.1 5.8 5.2 5.3 5.2 5.2 5.0 5.6 4.9

Delaware

7.0 7.1 6.5 5.6 6.6 6.4 5.9 6.0 6.6 5.7

District of Columbia

5.8 6.0 5.6 5.3 5.6 5.0 4.7 5.5 5.5 5.1

Florida

8.2 6.1 6.5 6.7 6.3 5.3 5.5 6.1 5.7 5.9

Georgia

6.9 6.5 6.2 6.7 6.3 5.6 5.6 6.4 6.2 5.7

Hawaii

5.1 5.0 5.2 5.1 5.7 4.7 4.8 5.5 5.5 5.1

Idaho

7.4 7.9 7.3 6.8 7.4 6.6 5.9 6.7 6.9 6.3

Illinois

6.0 5.7 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.3 5.1 5.5 5.7 5.6

Indiana

5.7 5.6 5.4 5.2 5.6 5.0 5.1 5.5 5.4 4.9

Iowa

5.9 5.5 5.7 5.3 5.8 5.3 5.3 5.4 5.7 5.3

Kansas

5.9 5.2 5.7 5.9 6.1 5.2 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.4

Kentucky

6.1 6.2 5.9 5.7 6.1 5.6 5.9 5.6 6.0 5.5

Louisiana

6.2 6.5 6.1 6.2 6.2 6.0 5.8 6.5 6.2 5.7

Maine

7.2 7.2 8.1 6.0 7.3 6.6 7.0 7.1 7.5 6.3

Maryland

6.2 6.3 6.0 6.3 6.8 6.3 5.7 5.8 6.6 6.4

Massachusetts

5.7 5.4 6.1 5.5 5.8 5.4 5.2 5.4 6.2 5.3

Michigan

5.7 5.7 5.6 5.0 5.7 5.4 4.6 5.1 6.2 5.2

Minnesota

5.8 5.3 5.8 5.4 5.7 5.5 5.0 5.3 5.7 5.4

Mississippi

6.3 5.5 5.7 5.8 6.4 5.4 5.8 6.0 5.7 5.2

Missouri

5.7 5.4 5.7 5.9 5.8 5.5 5.2 5.7 6.0 5.4

Montana

8.5 7.8 8.0 7.2 9.0 7.4 7.1 7.8 7.9 7.2

Nebraska

6.2 5.6 5.9 5.8 5.9 5.5 5.5 5.8 6.0 5.8

Nevada

6.6 6.5 6.1 6.7 6.6 5.2 5.4 5.8 5.6 5.3

New Hampshire

6.7 6.1 6.7 5.6 6.7 5.9 5.9 6.3 6.8 5.7

New Jersey

6.4 5.6 6.5 6.0 6.3 5.8 5.8 5.7 6.3 5.6

New Mexico

6.5 6.3 6.5 6.4 6.7 6.1 5.5 6.2 6.4 6.0

New York

6.2 6.2 6.3 6.1 6.2 5.8 5.6 5.8 6.4 5.7

North Carolina

6.3 6.2 6.1 5.6 6.7 5.5 5.2 5.5 6.5 5.3

North Dakota

6.8 7.0 6.7 6.6 6.8 6.8 6.3 6.2 6.6 6.2

Ohio

5.7 5.5 5.6 5.3 5.6 5.2 5.0 5.4 5.7 5.2

Oklahoma

6.4 6.1 6.3 6.6 6.4 5.8 5.5 6.5 6.1 6.0

Oregon

6.8 7.8 6.2 6.2 6.7 6.0 5.6 6.2 6.3 5.9

Pennsylvania

5.5 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.3 5.0 4.9 5.1 5.2 4.7

Rhode Island

6.6 6.3 6.3 6.2 6.4 6.0 6.1 6.1 6.4 5.7

South Carolina

7.0 5.9 7.5 5.8 7.4 5.3 4.7 6.5 6.5 5.4

South Dakota

6.4 6.4 6.1 5.9 6.3 5.7 5.9 6.1 5.8 5.8

Tennessee

5.9 5.0 5.5 5.8 5.8 4.9 4.8 5.1 5.2 4.9

Texas

6.4 5.8 5.9 5.9 6.1 5.3 5.1 5.2 5.4 5.1

Utah

7.0 7.4 6.9 7.3 6.9 5.9 6.0 6.3 6.5 6.1

Vermont

7.4 6.4 7.2 6.9 7.4 6.5 7.0 7.3 7.4 6.8

Virginia

6.3 5.8 6.1 5.6 6.2 5.5 5.2 5.8 6.3 5.5

Washington

6.9 7.2 7.3 6.1 6.5 6.0 5.7 6.3 6.3 5.6

West Virginia

6.3 6.8 6.8 7.0 6.3 6.1 5.8 6.4 6.4 6.5

Wisconsin

5.6 5.6 5.4 5.1 5.4 5.0 4.7 5.5 5.9 4.9

Wyoming

8.7 8.4 8.2 8.2 10.0 8.4 8.0 8.3 8.3 7.8

Puerto Rico

7.1 8.4 8.0 7.2 6.0 11.8 6.8 6.2 5.8 6.7

Virgin Islands

9.2 12.0 12.5 10.9 8.3 28.2 16.8 8.6 6.3 7.8

Footnotes
(1) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.

 

Last Modified Date: Monday, August 26, 2019