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News Release Information

20-2029-KAN
Wednesday, November 04, 2020

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (816) 285-7000

Business Employment Dynamics in Missouri – First Quarter 2020

From December 2019 to March 2020, gross job gains from opening and expanding private-sector establishments in Missouri were 123,536, while gross job losses from closing and contracting private-sector establishments were 138,015, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Michael Hirniak noted that the difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses yielded a net employment loss of 14,479 jobs in the private sector during the first quarter of 2020. During the previous quarter, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 22,214. (See chart 1 and table 1.)      

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all private businesses in the economy. Business Employment Dynamics (BED) statistics track these changes in employment at private-sector establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. The difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses is the net change in employment. (See the Technical Note.)

Gross job gains

In the first quarter of 2020, gross job gains represented 5.2 percent of private-sector employment in Missouri; nationally, gross job gains accounted for 5.5 percent of private-sector employment. (See chart 2.) Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment due to expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. In Missouri, gross job gains at expanding establishments totaled 100,261 in the first quarter of 2020, a decrease of 22,121 jobs compared to the previous quarter. (See table 1.) Opening establishments accounted for 23,275 jobs gained in the first quarter of 2020, a decrease of 3,516 jobs from the previous quarter.

Gross job losses

In the first quarter of 2020, gross job losses represented 5.7 percent of private-sector employment in Missouri; nationally, gross job losses accounted for 6.1 percent of private-sector employment. (See chart 2.) Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. In Missouri, contracting establishments lost 115,401 jobs in the first quarter of 2020, an increase of 12,571 jobs from the prior quarter. Closing establishments lost 22,614 jobs, a decrease of 1,515 jobs from the previous quarter.

Industries

Gross job losses exceeded gross job gains in 10 of the 11 industry sectors in Missouri in the first quarter of 2020. Three sectors had net job declines of more than 2,700: leisure and hospitality, transportation and warehousing, and education and health services. Gross job losses in leisure and hospitality were 27,883, while gross job gains were 22,209, resulting in a net loss of 5,674 jobs. The second largest net employment decrease was in transportation and warehousing, with a net loss of 3,194 jobs. Education and health services recorded a net employment loss of 2,799 jobs. Construction was the only sector where gross job gains exceeded gross job losses, resulting in a net gain of 373 jobs in the first quarter of 2020.

For more information

The BED data series include gross job gains and gross job losses by industry subsector, for the 50 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands, as well as gross job gains and gross job losses at the firm level by employer size class. BED data for the states have been included in table 2 of this release. Additional information is available online at www.bls.gov/bdm/.

The Business Employment Dynamics for Second Quarter 2020 are scheduled to be released on Wednesday, January 27, 2021.

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Effect on First Quarter 2020 Business Employment Dynamics

Data collection and processing methods have been impacted because of the COVID-19 pandemic. More detail can be found at https://www.bls.gov/covid19/effects-of-covid-19-pandemic-on-business-employment-dynamics.htm.


Technical Note

The Business Employment Dynamics (BED) data are a product of a federal-state cooperative program known as Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW). The BED data are compiled by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) from existing QCEW records. Most employers in the U.S. are required to file quarterly reports on the employment and wages of workers covered by unemployment insurance (UI) laws, and to pay quarterly UI taxes. The QCEW is based largely on quarterly UI reports which are sent by businesses to the State Workforce Agencies (SWAs). These UI reports are supplemented by two additional BLS data collections to render administrative data into economic statistics. Together these data comprise the QCEW and form the basis of the Bureau’s establishment universe sampling frame.

In the BED program, the QCEW records are linked across quarters to provide a longitudinal history for each establishment. The linkage process allows the tracking of net employment changes at the establishment level, which in turn allows the estimation of jobs gained at opening and expanding units and jobs lost at closing and contracting units.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. BED statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross jobs gained and the number of gross jobs lost is the net change in employment.

Gross job gains and gross job losses are expressed as rates by dividing their levels by the average of employment in the current and previous quarters. The rates are calculated for the components of gross job gains and gross job losses and then summed to form their respective totals. These rates can be added and subtracted just as their levels can. For instance, the difference between the gross job gains rate and the gross job losses rate is the net growth rate.

The formal definitions of employment changes are as follows:

Openings. These are either units with positive third month employment for the first time in the current quarter, with no links to the prior quarter, or with positive third month employment in the current quarter following zero employment in the previous quarter.

Expansions. These are units with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net increase in employment over this period.

Closings. These are either units with positive third month employment in the previous quarter, with no employment or zero employment reported in the current quarter.

Contractions. These are units with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net decrease in employment over this period.

The full Technical Note for the Business Employment Dynamics program, which includes information on coverage, concepts, and methodology, can be found in the current quarterly news release online at www.bls.gov/news.release/cewbd.htm.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses by industry, Missouri, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains and job losses
(3 months ended)
Gross job gains and job losses
as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Mar.
2019
June
2019
Sept.
2019
Dec.
2019
Mar.
2020
Mar.
2019
June
2019
Sept.
2019
Dec.
2019
Mar.
2020

Total private (1)

Gross job gains

130,095 135,649 139,066 149,173 123,536 5.4 5.7 5.8 6.2 5.2

At expanding establishments

103,094 111,295 110,456 122,382 100,261 4.3 4.7 4.6 5.1 4.2

At opening establishments

27,001 24,354 28,610 26,791 23,275 1.1 1.0 1.2 1.1 1.0

Gross job losses

125,923 140,017 138,282 126,959 138,015 5.3 5.8 5.8 5.3 5.7

At contracting establishments

102,766 115,396 113,031 102,830 115,401 4.3 4.8 4.7 4.3 4.8

At closing establishments

23,157 24,621 25,251 24,129 22,614 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.0 0.9

Net employment change (2)

4,172 -4,368 784 22,214 -14,479 0.1 -0.1 0.0 0.9 -0.5

Construction

Gross job gains

12,153 12,222 11,722 13,568 11,495 9.7 9.7 9.3 10.5 8.8

At expanding establishments

9,606 9,701 9,334 10,970 9,010 7.7 7.7 7.4 8.5 6.9

At opening establishments

2,547 2,521 2,388 2,598 2,485 2.0 2.0 1.9 2.0 1.9

Gross job losses

10,631 10,912 11,387 10,680 11,122 8.5 8.7 9.0 8.3 8.5

At contracting establishments

8,301 8,941 8,848 8,596 9,085 6.6 7.1 7.0 6.7 6.9

At closing establishments

2,330 1,971 2,539 2,084 2,037 1.9 1.6 2.0 1.6 1.6

Net employment change (2)

1,522 1,310 335 2,888 373 1.2 1.0 0.3 2.2 0.3

Manufacturing

Gross job gains

7,120 8,424 7,365 7,437 6,885 2.6 3.0 2.7 2.7 2.5

At expanding establishments

6,560 7,763 6,596 6,679 6,268 2.4 2.8 2.4 2.4 2.3

At opening establishments

560 661 769 758 617 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.2

Gross job losses

7,009 7,727 8,273 7,941 7,546 2.5 2.8 2.9 2.8 2.7

At contracting establishments

6,380 6,928 7,616 7,305 6,790 2.3 2.5 2.7 2.6 2.4

At closing establishments

629 799 657 636 756 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.3

Net employment change (2)

111 697 -908 -504 -661 0.1 0.2 -0.2 -0.1 -0.2

Wholesale trade

Gross job gains

4,866 5,664 7,906 5,209 4,612 4.0 4.6 6.4 4.2 3.8

At expanding establishments

3,820 4,849 6,924 4,291 3,927 3.1 3.9 5.6 3.5 3.2

At opening establishments

1,046 815 982 918 685 0.9 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.6

Gross job losses

5,467 4,872 5,303 5,318 5,270 4.5 4.0 4.3 4.3 4.3

At contracting establishments

4,390 3,923 4,361 4,292 4,287 3.6 3.2 3.5 3.5 3.5

At closing establishments

1,077 949 942 1,026 983 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8

Net employment change (2)

-601 792 2,603 -109 -658 -0.5 0.6 2.1 -0.1 -0.5

Retail trade

Gross job gains

15,481 16,309 15,436 17,197 16,104 5.0 5.3 5.1 5.7 5.3

At expanding establishments

13,279 14,344 13,385 15,194 14,481 4.3 4.7 4.4 5.0 4.8

At opening establishments

2,202 1,965 2,051 2,003 1,623 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.5

Gross job losses

16,317 19,922 18,498 16,452 16,233 5.3 6.5 6.1 5.5 5.4

At contracting establishments

14,096 17,226 16,126 14,407 14,135 4.6 5.6 5.3 4.8 4.7

At closing establishments

2,221 2,696 2,372 2,045 2,098 0.7 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.7

Net employment change (2)

-836 -3,613 -3,062 745 -129 -0.3 -1.2 -1.0 0.2 -0.1

Transportation and warehousing

Gross job gains

5,202 4,932 4,876 9,439 5,312 5.4 5.1 5.1 9.5 5.3

At expanding establishments

4,300 4,241 4,104 8,553 4,589 4.5 4.4 4.3 8.6 4.6

At opening establishments

902 691 772 886 723 0.9 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.7

Gross job losses

5,157 5,662 5,099 4,401 8,506 5.4 5.9 5.3 4.4 8.5

At contracting establishments

4,619 4,808 4,229 3,780 7,885 4.8 5.0 4.4 3.8 7.9

At closing establishments

538 854 870 621 621 0.6 0.9 0.9 0.6 0.6

Net employment change (2)

45 -730 -223 5,038 -3,194 0.0 -0.8 -0.2 5.1 -3.2

Information

Gross job gains

1,761 1,672 1,984 1,966 1,778 3.7 3.5 4.2 4.3 3.9

At expanding establishments

1,419 1,433 1,547 1,572 1,383 3.0 3.0 3.3 3.4 3.0

At opening establishments

342 239 437 394 395 0.7 0.5 0.9 0.9 0.9

Gross job losses

2,164 2,386 2,476 2,241 1,874 4.6 5.1 5.4 4.9 4.1

At contracting establishments

1,849 2,013 1,894 1,828 1,553 3.9 4.3 4.1 4.0 3.4

At closing establishments

315 373 582 413 321 0.7 0.8 1.3 0.9 0.7

Net employment change (2)

-403 -714 -492 -275 -96 -0.9 -1.6 -1.2 -0.6 -0.2

Financial activities

Gross job gains

7,115 7,319 7,513 8,288 7,167 4.4 4.4 4.5 5.0 4.3

At expanding establishments

5,526 5,964 5,633 6,454 5,623 3.4 3.6 3.4 3.9 3.4

At opening establishments

1,589 1,355 1,880 1,834 1,544 1.0 0.8 1.1 1.1 0.9

Gross job losses

6,415 6,585 7,763 7,137 7,254 3.9 4.0 4.7 4.2 4.3

At contracting establishments

5,072 5,077 5,919 5,393 5,870 3.1 3.1 3.6 3.2 3.5

At closing establishments

1,343 1,508 1,844 1,744 1,384 0.8 0.9 1.1 1.0 0.8

Net employment change (2)

700 734 -250 1,151 -87 0.5 0.4 -0.2 0.8 0.0

Professional and business services

Gross job gains

22,834 24,127 24,807 25,967 23,273 6.0 6.4 6.5 6.8 6.0

At expanding establishments

17,792 19,689 19,682 20,641 18,578 4.7 5.2 5.2 5.4 4.8

At opening establishments

5,042 4,438 5,125 5,326 4,695 1.3 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.2

Gross job losses

24,219 23,927 22,877 25,179 24,093 6.3 6.3 6.0 6.6 6.3

At contracting establishments

19,552 19,655 18,721 19,623 19,502 5.1 5.2 4.9 5.1 5.1

At closing establishments

4,667 4,272 4,156 5,556 4,591 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.5 1.2

Net employment change (2)

-1,385 200 1,930 788 -820 -0.3 0.1 0.5 0.2 -0.3

Education and health services

Gross job gains

21,019 21,118 24,442 22,463 17,943 4.6 4.6 5.4 4.9 3.9

At expanding establishments

15,093 14,833 17,264 16,088 12,836 3.3 3.2 3.8 3.5 2.8

At opening establishments

5,926 6,285 7,178 6,375 5,107 1.3 1.4 1.6 1.4 1.1

Gross job losses

18,801 22,141 19,556 18,131 20,742 4.1 4.9 4.2 3.9 4.5

At contracting establishments

13,302 16,743 13,549 12,547 16,194 2.9 3.7 2.9 2.7 3.5

At closing establishments

5,499 5,398 6,007 5,584 4,548 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.2 1.0

Net employment change (2)

2,218 -1,023 4,886 4,332 -2,799 0.5 -0.3 1.2 1.0 -0.6

Leisure and hospitality

Gross job gains

25,482 26,174 26,188 29,873 22,209 8.2 8.5 8.5 9.7 7.1

At expanding establishments

20,202 22,229 20,920 25,672 18,400 6.5 7.2 6.8 8.3 5.9

At opening establishments

5,280 3,945 5,268 4,201 3,809 1.7 1.3 1.7 1.4 1.2

Gross job losses

23,006 29,151 29,626 23,084 27,883 7.4 9.4 9.7 7.4 9.0

At contracting establishments

19,837 25,077 25,766 19,842 24,166 6.4 8.1 8.4 6.4 7.8

At closing establishments

3,169 4,074 3,860 3,242 3,717 1.0 1.3 1.3 1.0 1.2

Net employment change (2)

2,476 -2,977 -3,438 6,789 -5,674 0.8 -0.9 -1.2 2.3 -1.9

Other services (3)

Gross job gains

5,137 5,819 5,138 5,132 5,001 7.1 7.9 7.0 7.0 6.9

At expanding establishments

3,856 4,692 3,831 4,002 3,724 5.3 6.4 5.2 5.5 5.1

At opening establishments

1,281 1,127 1,307 1,130 1,277 1.8 1.5 1.8 1.5 1.8

Gross job losses

4,715 4,949 5,805 4,929 5,222 6.5 6.8 7.9 6.8 7.2

At contracting establishments

3,616 3,725 4,642 3,913 3,926 5.0 5.1 6.3 5.4 5.4

At closing establishments

1,099 1,224 1,163 1,016 1,296 1.5 1.7 1.6 1.4 1.8

Net employment change (2)

422 870 -667 203 -221 0.6 1.1 -0.9 0.2 -0.3

Footnotes:
(1) Includes unclassified sector not shown separately.
(2) The net employment change is the difference between total gross job gains and total gross job losses. See the Technical Note for further information.
(3) Except public administration.

Table 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of total employment by state, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Gross job losses as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Mar.
2019
June
2019
Sept.
2019
Dec.
2019
Mar.
2020
Mar.
2019
June
2019
Sept.
2019
Dec.
2019
Mar.
2020

United States(1)

6.0 6.1 5.9 6.2 5.5 5.5 5.9 5.8 5.5 6.1

Alabama

6.1 5.9 5.8 6.2 5.5 5.6 5.9 5.9 5.5 5.9

Alaska

10.1 10.7 9.6 10.3 9.2 9.0 10.1 10.1 10.2 9.5

Arizona

5.7 5.7 6.3 6.4 5.6 5.5 5.6 4.9 5.2 5.9

Arkansas

5.3 5.0 5.6 6.5 5.1 5.1 5.7 5.8 4.9 5.5

California

6.4 6.6 6.3 6.8 6.1 6.1 6.4 6.0 6.0 6.7

Colorado

6.6 7.0 6.6 6.7 6.3 6.3 6.2 6.4 6.2 7.0

Connecticut

5.3 5.8 5.5 5.5 5.2 5.7 5.8 5.8 5.6 5.9

Delaware

6.5 6.0 6.2 6.7 6.2 5.6 6.6 6.3 6.2 6.6

District of Columbia

5.5 5.4 5.5 5.4 5.2 5.0 5.5 5.3 4.7 5.3

Florida

6.2 6.5 6.6 6.6 5.4 5.6 6.3 5.8 5.9 6.2

Georgia

6.7 6.1 6.2 6.5 5.6 5.7 6.5 6.0 5.5 5.9

Hawaii

5.5 4.8 5.6 5.7 5.2 5.9 5.8 5.2 5.2 5.8

Idaho

7.5 7.1 7.0 7.7 7.6 6.1 6.7 6.8 6.3 6.1

Illinois

5.2 5.6 5.0 5.6 5.0 5.2 5.3 5.6 5.2 6.0

Indiana

5.8 5.1 5.4 6.0 4.9 4.8 5.9 5.6 5.1 6.0

Iowa

5.1 5.8 5.3 5.8 5.2 5.6 5.8 5.7 5.5 5.9

Kansas

5.6 5.7 5.6 6.3 5.4 5.7 5.8 5.7 5.7 6.0

Kentucky

5.8 5.8 5.9 6.2 5.3 5.5 6.0 5.7 5.6 6.1

Louisiana

6.1 6.2 5.9 5.9 5.3 6.1 6.5 6.1 5.7 6.3

Maine

7.5 7.4 6.5 7.3 6.4 6.7 7.4 7.3 6.9 7.0

Maryland

6.4 6.4 6.2 6.4 5.7 5.7 6.5 6.3 5.9 6.7

Massachusetts

6.1 6.0 5.3 5.8 5.2 5.2 5.6 5.9 5.6 6.0

Michigan

5.2 5.5 5.1 5.8 5.0 4.6 5.7 5.9 5.3 5.7

Minnesota

5.2 5.8 5.4 5.8 5.0 5.2 5.5 5.8 5.6 5.6

Mississippi

5.7 5.8 5.7 6.2 5.6 6.2 6.1 5.7 5.6 6.2

Missouri

5.4 5.7 5.8 6.2 5.2 5.3 5.8 5.8 5.3 5.7

Montana

7.6 8.1 7.4 8.6 7.7 8.1 7.7 7.7 7.2 7.7

Nebraska

5.7 5.7 5.7 6.2 5.8 5.7 5.7 5.5 5.8 6.1

Nevada

6.1 6.0 6.1 6.8 5.4 5.4 6.2 5.5 5.0 6.3

New Hampshire

6.4 6.4 5.8 6.6 6.0 5.7 6.3 6.6 6.0 6.4

New Jersey

5.7 6.2 6.0 6.5 5.7 5.7 5.9 6.2 5.8 6.3

New Mexico

6.7 6.3 6.8 7.0 6.1 5.8 6.5 6.1 6.3 6.5

New York

6.0 6.1 5.8 6.0 5.5 5.4 5.9 5.9 5.7 6.4

North Carolina

6.4 6.0 5.8 6.3 5.8 5.1 5.9 6.0 5.4 5.7

North Dakota

7.1 6.7 6.5 6.7 6.8 6.4 6.7 7.1 6.6 7.0

Ohio

5.6 5.7 5.3 5.7 5.1 5.2 5.7 5.9 5.3 5.6

Oklahoma

5.9 6.0 6.4 6.5 5.4 5.9 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.7

Oregon

6.4 6.3 6.2 6.7 6.2 5.8 6.1 6.2 5.8 6.5

Pennsylvania

5.2 5.3 5.2 5.4 4.9 4.8 5.4 5.1 4.9 5.6

Rhode Island

5.9 6.3 6.0 6.5 6.1 5.7 6.5 6.2 5.9 6.5

South Carolina

6.6 6.4 6.0 6.5 5.5 6.5 6.2 5.9 5.9 6.6

South Dakota

5.7 6.2 5.9 6.4 6.0 6.2 5.9 6.0 5.8 6.6

Tennessee

5.4 5.5 5.5 5.7 4.9 4.9 5.2 5.1 5.0 5.3

Texas

5.6 5.8 5.9 6.0 5.0 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.1 5.5

Utah

7.3 7.0 6.8 6.8 6.6 6.2 6.6 6.3 6.3 6.4

Vermont

6.9 7.1 6.3 6.9 5.8 6.3 7.1 7.6 6.4 7.6

Virginia

6.4 6.1 5.5 6.5 5.6 5.5 5.8 6.3 5.5 6.1

Washington

6.4 6.6 6.1 6.6 7.4 6.1 5.8 6.1 5.8 7.4

West Virginia

6.1 6.2 5.9 6.2 6.0 6.7 6.6 6.7 7.1 6.8

Wisconsin

5.2 5.5 4.8 5.4 5.0 4.9 5.3 5.9 5.0 5.3

Wyoming

9.0 8.5 8.6 9.4 8.6 7.8 9.5 8.9 8.7 9.3

Puerto Rico

7.2 6.4 5.9 5.4 5.0 5.2 5.8 5.5 4.9 5.2

Virgin Islands

12.9 8.9 12.0 10.3 7.2 7.6 6.9 6.4 7.3 8.3

Footnotes
(1) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, November 04, 2020