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News Release Information

21-1734-KAN
Tuesday, November 02, 2021

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (816) 285-7000

Business Employment Dynamics in Missouri – First Quarter 2021

From December 2020 to March 2021, gross job gains from opening and expanding private-sector establishments in Missouri were 145,842, while gross job losses from closing and contracting private-sector establishments were 120,759, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Michael Hirniak noted that the difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses yielded a net employment gain of 25,083 jobs in the private sector during the first quarter of 2021. During the previous quarter, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 42,741. (See chart 1.)  


The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all private businesses in the economy. Business Employment Dynamics (BED) statistics track these changes in employment at private-sector establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. The difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses is the net change in employment. (See the Technical Note.)

Gross job gains

In the first quarter of 2021, gross job gains represented 6.3 percent of private-sector employment in Missouri; nationally, gross job gains accounted for 6.8 percent of private-sector employment. (See chart 2.) Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment due to expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. In Missouri, gross job gains at expanding establishments totaled 119,944 in the first quarter of 2021, a decrease of 12,991 jobs compared to the previous quarter. (See table 1.) Opening establishments accounted for 25,898 jobs gained in the first quarter of 2021, a decrease of 3,822 jobs from the previous quarter.


Gross job losses

In the first quarter of 2021, gross job losses represented 5.3 percent of private-sector employment in Missouri; nationally, gross job losses accounted for 5.4 percent of private-sector employment. (See chart 3.) Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. In Missouri, contracting establishments lost 100,942 jobs in the first quarter of 2021, an increase of 4,062 jobs from the prior quarter. Closing establishments lost 19,817 jobs, a decrease of 3,217 jobs from the previous quarter.


Industries

Gross job gains exceeded gross job losses in all 11 industry sectors in Missouri in the first quarter of 2021. Leisure and hospitality had the largest over-the-quarter net job increase, with a gain of 15,139 jobs. This was the result of 30,933 gross job gains and 15,794 gross job losses. The retail trade industry had a net gain of 2,818 jobs.

For more information

The BED data series include gross job gains and gross job losses by industry subsector, for the 50 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands, as well as gross job gains and gross job losses at the firm level by employer size class. BED data for the states have been included in table 2 of this release. Additional information is available online at www.bls.gov/bdm/.

The Business Employment Dynamics for Second Quarter 2021 are scheduled to be released on Wednesday, January 26, 2022.

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Effect on First Quarter 2021 Business Employment Dynamics

Data collection and processing methods have been impacted because of the COVID-19 pandemic. More detail can be found at www.bls.gov/covid19/effects-of-covid-19-pandemic-on-business-employment-dynamics.htm.


Technical Note

The Business Employment Dynamics (BED) data are a product of a federal-state cooperative program known as Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW). The BED data are compiled by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) from existing QCEW records. Most employers in the U.S. are required to file quarterly reports on the employment and wages of workers covered by unemployment insurance (UI) laws, and to pay quarterly UI taxes. The QCEW is based largely on quarterly UI reports which are sent by businesses to the State Workforce Agencies (SWAs). These UI reports are supplemented by two additional BLS data collections to render administrative data into economic statistics. Together these data comprise the QCEW and form the basis of the Bureau’s establishment universe sampling frame.

In the BED program, the QCEW records are linked across quarters to provide a longitudinal history for each establishment. The linkage process allows the tracking of net employment changes at the establishment level, which in turn allows the estimation of jobs gained at opening and expanding units and jobs lost at closing and contracting units.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. BED statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross jobs gained and the number of gross jobs lost is the net change in employment.

Gross job gains and gross job losses are expressed as rates by dividing their levels by the average of employment in the current and previous quarters. The rates are calculated for the components of gross job gains and gross job losses and then summed to form their respective totals. These rates can be added and subtracted just as their levels can. For instance, the difference between the gross job gains rate and the gross job losses rate is the net growth rate.

The formal definitions of employment changes are as follows:

Openings. These are either units with positive third month employment for the first time in the current quarter, with no links to the prior quarter, or with positive third month employment in the current quarter following zero employment in the previous quarter.

Expansions. These are units with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net increase in employment over this period.

Closings. These are either units with positive third month employment in the previous quarter, with no employment or zero employment reported in the current quarter.

Contractions. These are units with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net decrease in employment over this period.

The full Technical Note for the Business Employment Dynamics program, which includes information on coverage, concepts, and methodology, can be found in the current quarterly news release online at www.bls.gov/news.release/cewbd.htm.

Information in this release will be made available to individuals with sensory impairments upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses by industry, Missouri, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains and job losses
(3 months ended)
Gross job gains and job losses
as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Mar.
2020
June
2020
Sept
2020
Dec.
2020
Mar.
2021
Mar.
2020
June
2020
Sept
2020
Dec.
2020
Mar.
2021

Total private (1)

Gross job gains

123,860 107,428 189,558 162,655 145,842 5.2 4.6 8.5 7.1 6.3

At expanding establishments

100,456 83,908 151,555 132,935 119,944 4.2 3.6 6.8 5.8 5.2

At opening establishments

23,404 23,520 38,003 29,720 25,898 1.0 1.0 1.7 1.3 1.1

Gross job losses

141,712 330,790 125,598 119,914 120,759 5.9 14.4 5.7 5.2 5.3

At contracting establishments

116,212 282,402 102,006 96,880 100,942 4.8 12.3 4.6 4.2 4.4

At closing establishments

25,500 48,388 23,592 23,034 19,817 1.1 2.1 1.1 1.0 0.9

Net employment change (2)

-17,852 -223,362 63,960 42,741 25,083 -0.7 -9.8 2.8 1.9 1.0

Construction

Gross job gains

11,359 10,086 11,545 13,064 12,258 8.7 8.0 9.3 10.3 9.4

At expanding establishments

8,905 7,707 8,688 10,635 9,413 6.8 6.1 7.0 8.4 7.2

At opening establishments

2,454 2,379 2,857 2,429 2,845 1.9 1.9 2.3 1.9 2.2

Gross job losses

11,820 14,958 11,316 8,976 9,964 9.1 11.8 9.1 7.1 7.6

At contracting establishments

9,055 12,831 9,459 7,062 8,183 7.0 10.1 7.6 5.6 6.2

At closing establishments

2,765 2,127 1,857 1,914 1,781 2.1 1.7 1.5 1.5 1.4

Net employment change (2)

-461 -4,872 229 4,088 2,294 -0.4 -3.8 0.2 3.2 1.8

Manufacturing

Gross job gains

6,848 6,019 12,495 10,054 7,741 2.4 2.2 4.7 3.7 2.9

At expanding establishments

6,230 5,125 11,648 9,185 7,279 2.2 1.9 4.4 3.4 2.7

At opening establishments

618 894 847 869 462 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2

Gross job losses

8,020 20,391 7,976 6,744 7,575 2.9 7.5 3.0 2.5 2.8

At contracting establishments

7,021 19,197 7,315 5,993 6,986 2.5 7.1 2.8 2.2 2.6

At closing establishments

999 1,194 661 751 589 0.4 0.4 0.2 0.3 0.2

Net employment change (2)

-1,172 -14,372 4,519 3,310 166 -0.5 -5.3 1.7 1.2 0.1

Wholesale trade

Gross job gains

4,620 5,705 6,411 5,612 5,308 3.8 4.7 5.4 4.6 4.4

At expanding establishments

3,928 4,590 5,357 4,612 4,567 3.2 3.8 4.5 3.8 3.8

At opening establishments

692 1,115 1,054 1,000 741 0.6 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.6

Gross job losses

5,495 9,590 5,250 4,456 4,498 4.5 8.0 4.4 3.7 3.8

At contracting establishments

4,289 8,407 4,307 3,760 3,714 3.5 7.0 3.6 3.1 3.1

At closing establishments

1,206 1,183 943 696 784 1.0 1.0 0.8 0.6 0.7

Net employment change (2)

-875 -3,885 1,161 1,156 810 -0.7 -3.3 1.0 0.9 0.6

Retail trade

Gross job gains

16,125 18,651 23,983 17,158 17,421 5.3 6.2 8.2 5.8 5.8

At expanding establishments

14,511 16,438 21,177 15,460 15,281 4.8 5.5 7.2 5.2 5.1

At opening establishments

1,614 2,213 2,806 1,698 2,140 0.5 0.7 1.0 0.6 0.7

Gross job losses

17,082 37,481 17,381 14,840 14,603 5.7 12.6 6.0 5.1 4.9

At contracting establishments

14,196 33,552 15,462 12,615 13,246 4.7 11.3 5.3 4.3 4.4

At closing establishments

2,886 3,929 1,919 2,225 1,357 1.0 1.3 0.7 0.8 0.5

Net employment change (2)

-957 -18,830 6,602 2,318 2,818 -0.4 -6.4 2.2 0.7 0.9

Transportation and warehousing

Gross job gains

5,304 7,564 7,400 10,913 8,621 5.3 7.9 7.7 11.0 8.4

At expanding establishments

4,584 6,709 6,210 9,961 7,734 4.6 7.0 6.5 10.0 7.5

At opening establishments

720 855 1,190 952 887 0.7 0.9 1.2 1.0 0.9

Gross job losses

8,714 10,451 5,344 4,600 7,928 8.7 10.9 5.6 4.6 7.7

At contracting establishments

7,814 9,396 4,470 3,967 7,194 7.8 9.8 4.7 4.0 7.0

At closing establishments

900 1,055 874 633 734 0.9 1.1 0.9 0.6 0.7

Net employment change (2)

-3,410 -2,887 2,056 6,313 693 -3.4 -3.0 2.1 6.4 0.7

Information

Gross job gains

1,771 1,297 3,122 4,422 2,190 3.9 3.0 7.3 10.0 4.9

At expanding establishments

1,377 1,084 2,235 1,944 1,569 3.0 2.5 5.2 4.4 3.5

At opening establishments

394 213 887 2,478 621 0.9 0.5 2.1 5.6 1.4

Gross job losses

2,031 5,065 2,239 2,106 1,867 4.4 11.5 5.3 4.8 4.2

At contracting establishments

1,664 3,891 1,942 1,732 1,434 3.6 8.8 4.6 3.9 3.2

At closing establishments

367 1,174 297 374 433 0.8 2.7 0.7 0.9 1.0

Net employment change (2)

-260 -3,768 883 2,316 323 -0.5 -8.5 2.0 5.2 0.7

Financial activities

Gross job gains

7,186 6,259 9,325 9,326 8,348 4.3 3.8 5.7 5.6 5.0

At expanding establishments

5,634 4,619 7,382 7,393 6,868 3.4 2.8 4.5 4.4 4.1

At opening establishments

1,552 1,640 1,943 1,933 1,480 0.9 1.0 1.2 1.2 0.9

Gross job losses

7,433 10,686 7,343 6,714 7,335 4.5 6.5 4.5 4.0 4.4

At contracting establishments

5,842 9,028 5,413 5,338 5,895 3.5 5.5 3.3 3.2 3.5

At closing establishments

1,591 1,658 1,930 1,376 1,440 1.0 1.0 1.2 0.8 0.9

Net employment change (2)

-247 -4,427 1,982 2,612 1,013 -0.2 -2.7 1.2 1.6 0.6

Professional and business services

Gross job gains

23,375 17,644 32,972 33,213 23,745 6.1 4.8 9.3 9.0 6.4

At expanding establishments

18,595 13,311 26,336 27,561 18,996 4.9 3.6 7.4 7.5 5.1

At opening establishments

4,780 4,333 6,636 5,652 4,749 1.2 1.2 1.9 1.5 1.3

Gross job losses

24,659 49,339 24,208 21,236 23,691 6.4 13.4 6.7 5.8 6.4

At contracting establishments

19,985 42,240 19,402 16,360 19,568 5.2 11.5 5.4 4.5 5.3

At closing establishments

4,674 7,099 4,806 4,876 4,123 1.2 1.9 1.3 1.3 1.1

Net employment change (2)

-1,284 -31,695 8,764 11,977 54 -0.3 -8.6 2.6 3.2 0.0

Education and health services

Gross job gains

17,996 15,581 26,085 25,129 22,068 3.9 3.4 5.9 5.6 4.9

At expanding establishments

12,804 10,047 19,428 18,881 16,251 2.8 2.2 4.4 4.2 3.6

At opening establishments

5,192 5,534 6,657 6,248 5,817 1.1 1.2 1.5 1.4 1.3

Gross job losses

20,894 42,255 20,016 18,604 20,825 4.5 9.4 4.5 4.2 4.6

At contracting establishments

16,223 34,740 14,603 13,225 15,857 3.5 7.7 3.3 3.0 3.5

At closing establishments

4,671 7,515 5,413 5,379 4,968 1.0 1.7 1.2 1.2 1.1

Net employment change (2)

-2,898 -26,674 6,069 6,525 1,243 -0.6 -6.0 1.4 1.4 0.3

Leisure and hospitality

Gross job gains

22,532 13,522 46,805 25,776 30,933 7.2 5.0 19.4 10.2 11.9

At expanding establishments

18,742 10,546 35,921 21,066 26,349 6.0 3.9 14.9 8.3 10.1

At opening establishments

3,790 2,976 10,884 4,710 4,584 1.2 1.1 4.5 1.9 1.8

Gross job losses

28,058 114,984 18,536 25,346 15,794 9.1 42.6 7.7 10.0 6.1

At contracting establishments

24,149 95,830 14,960 21,843 13,456 7.8 35.5 6.2 8.6 5.2

At closing establishments

3,909 19,154 3,576 3,503 2,338 1.3 7.1 1.5 1.4 0.9

Net employment change (2)

-5,526 -101,462 28,269 430 15,139 -1.9 -37.6 11.7 0.2 5.8

Other services (3)

Gross job gains

5,016 3,510 7,888 5,481 5,235 6.9 5.2 12.2 8.2 7.8

At expanding establishments

3,732 2,361 5,962 4,147 3,913 5.1 3.5 9.2 6.2 5.8

At opening establishments

1,284 1,149 1,926 1,334 1,322 1.8 1.7 3.0 2.0 2.0

Gross job losses

5,293 13,571 4,247 4,888 4,688 7.3 20.0 6.5 7.3 7.0

At contracting establishments

4,000 11,553 3,177 3,796 3,637 5.5 17.0 4.9 5.7 5.4

At closing establishments

1,293 2,018 1,070 1,092 1,051 1.8 3.0 1.6 1.6 1.6

Net employment change (2)

-277 -10,061 3,641 593 547 -0.4 -14.8 5.7 0.9 0.8

(1) Includes unclassified sector not shown separately.
(2) The net employment change is the difference between total gross job gains and total gross job losses. See the Technical Note for further information.
(3) Except public administration.

Table 2. Private-sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of total employment by state, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Gross job losses as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Mar.
2020
June
2020
Sept.
2020
Dec.
2020
Mar.
2021
Mar.
2020
June
2020
Sept.
2020
Dec.
2020
Mar.
2021

United States(1)

5.6 4.8 9.5 7.4 6.8 6.2 17.0 6.0 5.7 5.4

Alabama

5.5 4.7 7.8 7.6 5.9 5.9 12.6 5.9 5.5 5.9

Alaska

9.3 6.6 12.2 13.4 11.0 9.9 24.3 9.8 7.7 9.4

Arizona

5.7 5.8 7.8 7.3 6.3 6.0 11.8 6.1 5.0 5.5

Arkansas

5.1 4.8 7.6 7.2 5.9 5.6 12.1 5.7 5.2 5.1

California

6.1 5.3 8.9 8.5 7.7 6.9 18.6 7.1 6.1 5.9

Colorado

6.3 5.7 10.1 7.5 8.6 7.0 15.1 6.4 7.2 5.6

Connecticut

5.9 4.3 11.4 6.6 6.3 6.0 19.5 5.1 5.9 5.3

Delaware

6.1 4.9 10.3 6.8 6.8 6.7 17.0 6.4 6.0 6.0

District of Columbia

5.3 3.3 8.2 5.3 5.5 5.4 22.3 5.7 5.5 5.3

Florida

5.5 6.0 9.5 8.0 6.9 6.2 14.1 6.7 6.0 5.8

Georgia

5.7 5.3 9.3 7.9 6.7 6.3 14.9 6.5 5.2 5.7

Hawaii

5.4 3.6 7.5 14.7 8.5 5.9 30.3 12.2 4.6 5.9

Idaho

7.6 6.3 8.4 8.7 8.1 6.1 11.2 6.4 6.1 5.7

Illinois

5.0 4.5 9.7 6.5 7.2 6.0 18.2 5.6 6.1 4.9

Indiana

4.9 4.6 8.3 6.8 6.0 6.0 13.5 5.2 5.0 5.1

Iowa

5.4 4.4 7.5 6.8 6.1 6.0 13.0 5.5 5.1 5.4

Kansas

5.4 5.0 7.9 7.0 6.2 6.0 13.3 5.9 5.9 5.5

Kentucky

5.5 4.6 9.0 7.3 7.3 6.1 15.2 5.1 6.1 5.1

Louisiana

5.4 4.4 9.1 8.7 6.4 6.5 16.8 7.0 5.6 5.9

Maine

6.7 5.2 12.3 8.5 9.0 7.3 21.9 6.0 6.3 6.3

Maryland

5.7 4.8 11.2 7.3 6.3 6.8 21.5 5.5 5.8 5.5

Massachusetts

5.2 3.7 12.4 7.0 6.6 6.1 24.2 5.4 5.5 5.0

Michigan

5.1 4.0 10.9 6.7 8.5 5.7 20.5 4.8 6.9 4.9

Minnesota

5.0 4.2 9.0 6.9 9.2 5.7 17.6 5.4 6.8 4.9

Mississippi

5.5 5.0 8.7 8.0 5.6 6.4 12.9 5.5 4.9 6.6

Missouri

5.2 4.6 8.5 7.1 6.3 5.9 14.4 5.7 5.2 5.3

Montana

7.5 6.8 9.9 9.4 8.8 7.8 13.9 7.2 6.8 6.9

Nebraska

5.8 4.8 8.2 6.8 6.5 6.1 12.2 5.8 5.5 6.2

Nevada

5.3 5.3 12.9 8.8 7.3 6.4 29.5 6.4 5.7 5.5

New Hampshire

6.1 4.5 11.8 7.4 7.4 6.5 18.8 5.3 6.4 5.4

New Jersey

5.7 4.8 15.7 8.1 7.0 6.5 28.3 5.6 5.9 5.6

New Mexico

6.2 4.5 8.5 7.3 8.5 6.7 17.7 6.1 7.5 5.7

New York

5.5 3.9 13.3 7.4 6.9 6.5 26.9 5.9 6.3 5.4

North Carolina

5.9 4.9 8.7 7.9 6.6 5.8 14.6 5.6 5.0 5.4

North Dakota

6.9 5.3 8.9 7.2 7.8 7.2 17.1 6.9 7.1 6.5

Ohio

5.1 4.5 7.8 6.6 6.1 5.7 14.4 5.3 5.2 5.0

Oklahoma

5.4 5.5 7.1 7.9 6.1 6.6 12.3 6.6 5.8 6.1

Oregon

6.9 5.0 9.0 7.4 8.5 6.5 18.2 6.3 6.5 5.6

Pennsylvania

5.0 3.6 10.3 6.2 6.4 5.7 18.3 4.9 5.3 4.6

Rhode Island

6.0 4.5 13.0 7.6 9.8 6.5 25.1 5.3 7.1 5.5

South Carolina

5.7 5.0 8.8 8.0 6.2 6.6 14.6 5.9 5.2 6.1

South Dakota

6.0 5.1 8.6 7.2 7.3 6.7 11.5 5.5 6.2 6.0

Tennessee

5.2 4.4 8.1 7.5 5.6 5.5 13.9 5.5 4.6 5.0

Texas

5.1 4.7 7.3 7.6 5.7 5.7 13.8 6.1 4.8 5.0

Utah

6.6 6.6 9.1 8.1 7.1 6.5 10.9 6.3 5.6 6.1

Vermont

5.9 4.6 12.9 7.6 8.2 7.7 18.4 5.8 8.0 6.1

Virginia

5.6 4.6 10.4 7.0 6.0 6.1 18.3 5.4 5.3 5.4

Washington

7.7 4.8 8.9 7.2 7.9 7.8 17.4 6.3 6.1 5.4

West Virginia

6.6 5.1 8.9 7.4 7.2 7.0 14.1 6.9 6.2 5.8

Wisconsin

5.1 4.3 7.6 6.3 5.8 5.4 14.4 5.1 5.1 4.7

Wyoming

8.6 6.4 10.8 10.0 9.1 9.6 17.9 7.7 7.7 8.3

Puerto Rico

5.0 4.1 11.1 6.6 6.6 5.6 16.9 5.1 4.9 5.0

Virgin Islands

8.5 5.3 7.8 9.9 7.4 9.0 18.8 12.5 5.8 10.8

(1) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.

 

Last Modified Date: Tuesday, November 02, 2021