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News Release Information

19-1903-KAN
Wednesday, November 20, 2019

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (816) 285-7000

Business Employment Dynamics in Missouri – First Quarter 2019

From December 2018 to March 2019, gross job gains in private sector establishments in Missouri totaled 129,371, while gross job losses numbered 126,018, resulting in a net employment gain of 3,353 jobs, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Stanley W. Suchman noted that during the previous quarter, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 9,868. (See chart 1 and table 1)      

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. Business Employment Dynamics (BED) statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses is the net change in employment. (See the Technical Note for more information.)

Gross job gains in Missouri decreased by 8,590 in the first quarter of 2019 and were at their lowest level since the first quarter of 2015. The number of gross job losses declined by 2,075 in the first quarter of 2019. Missouri recorded net job gains in the most recent two quarters after recording a net job loss in the third quarter of 2018. (See chart 1.)

Gross job gains represented 5.4 percent of private sector employment in Missouri in the first quarter of  2019; nationally, gross job gains accounted for 5.9 percent of private sector employment. (See chart 2.)  Missouri’s rate of gross job losses as a percent of private sector employment was 5.3 percent in the first quarter of 2019, lower than the national rate of 5.5 percent. Generally, the state’s rates of gross job gains and gross job losses have been equal to or below the U.S. rate in each quarter since the series began in 1992.

During the first quarter of 2019, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses in 6 of the 11 industry sectors in Missouri. For example, within leisure and hospitality, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 2,353. While 25,353 jobs in the industry were created by opening and expanding establishments, 23,000 jobs were lost in closing and contracting establishments in the first quarter of 2019. Education and health services and construction experienced net gains of 2,234 and 1,345 jobs, respectively.

Among the five industries that recorded net job losses, professional and businesses services had the largest net employment decline with a loss of 1,433 jobs. (See table 1.)

Additional statistics and other information

BED data for the states have been included in table 2 of this release. For more information on the Business Employment Dynamics data, visit the BED web site at www.bls.gov/bdm/.

The Business Employment Dynamics release for second quarter 2019 is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, January 29, 2020.

Revisions to Business Employment Dynamics (BED) Data

Data in this release incorporate annual revisions to the BED series. Annual revisions are published each year with the release of first quarter data. These revisions cover the last four quarters of not seasonally adjusted data and five years of seasonally adjusted data.


Technical Note

The Business Employment Dynamics (BED) data are a product of a federal-state cooperative program known as Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW), or the ES-202 program. The BED data are compiled from existing quarterly QCEW  records. The QCEW reports are sent by the State Employment Security Agencies (SESAs) to BLS and form the basis of the Bureau’s QCEW program and establishment universe sampling frame. These reports are also used to produce the QCEW data on total employment and wages. Other important Bureau uses of the QCEW reports are in the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program. The CES program produces monthly estimates of employment, net changes, and earnings by detailed industry.

In the BED program, the QCEW records are linked across quarters to provide a longitudinal history for each establishment. The linkage process allows the tracking of net employment changes at the establishment level, which in turn allows the estimation of jobs gained at opening and expanding establishments and jobs lost at closing and contracting establishments.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. BED statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross jobs gained and the number of gross jobs lost is the net change in employment.

Gross job gains and gross job losses are expressed as rates by dividing their levels by the average of employment in the current and previous quarters. The rates are calculated for the components of gross job gains and gross job losses and then summed to form their respective totals. These rates can be added and subtracted just as their levels can. For instance, the difference between the gross job gains rate and the gross job losses rate is the net growth rate.

The formal definitions of employment changes are as follows:

Openings.  These are either establishments with positive third month employment for the first time in the current quarter, with no links to the prior quarter, or with positive third month employment in the current quarter following zero employment in the previous quarter.

Expansions.  These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net increase in employment over this period.

Closings.  These are either establishments with positive third month employment in the previous quarter, with no employment or zero employment reported in the current quarter.

Contractions.  These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net decrease in employment over this period.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses by industry, Missouri, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains and job losses
(3 months ended)
Gross job gains and job losses
as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Mar.
2018
Jun.
2018
Sep.
2018
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019
Mar.
2018
Jun.
2018
Sep.
2018
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019

Total private (1)

Gross job gains

130,075 136,499 142,095 137,961 129,371 5.5 5.7 5.9 5.8 5.4

At expanding establishments

105,963 110,167 112,885 112,802 102,474 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.7 4.3

At opening establishments

24,112 26,332 29,210 25,159 26,897 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.1

Gross job losses

125,766 135,700 142,563 128,093 126,018 5.2 5.7 6.0 5.4 5.3

At contracting establishments

103,216 109,977 116,962 102,058 102,917 4.3 4.6 4.9 4.3 4.3

At closing establishments

22,550 25,723 25,601 26,035 23,101 0.9 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.0

Net employment change (2)

4,309 799 -468 9,868 3,353 0.3 0.0 -0.1 0.4 0.1

Construction

Gross job gains

11,565 11,330 10,632 11,069 12,030 9.2 9.2 8.7 8.9 9.6

At expanding establishments

9,166 9,277 8,574 8,696 9,521 7.3 7.5 7.0 7.0 7.6

At opening establishments

2,399 2,053 2,058 2,373 2,509 1.9 1.7 1.7 1.9 2.0

Gross job losses

11,329 11,378 11,537 10,976 10,685 9.0 9.2 9.3 8.9 8.6

At contracting establishments

9,020 9,037 9,292 8,214 8,352 7.2 7.3 7.5 6.7 6.7

At closing establishments

2,309 2,341 2,245 2,762 2,333 1.8 1.9 1.8 2.2 1.9

Net employment change (2)

236 -48 -905 93 1,345 0.2 0.0 -0.6 0.0 1.0

Manufacturing

Gross job gains

8,018 9,144 8,575 8,208 7,076 3.0 3.4 3.1 3.0 2.5

At expanding establishments

7,458 8,463 7,499 7,587 6,515 2.8 3.1 2.7 2.8 2.3

At opening establishments

560 681 1,076 621 561 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.2 0.2

Gross job losses

6,629 7,270 7,060 6,466 6,963 2.4 2.6 2.6 2.4 2.5

At contracting establishments

6,021 6,325 6,471 5,688 6,338 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.1 2.3

At closing establishments

608 945 589 778 625 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.2

Net employment change (2)

1,389 1,874 1,515 1,742 113 0.6 0.8 0.5 0.6 0.0

Wholesale trade

Gross job gains

4,930 5,373 6,064 6,263 4,814 4.0 4.5 5.0 5.1 3.9

At expanding establishments

4,151 4,566 4,892 5,295 3,776 3.4 3.8 4.0 4.3 3.1

At opening establishments

779 807 1,172 968 1,038 0.6 0.7 1.0 0.8 0.8

Gross job losses

5,060 4,965 5,446 5,288 5,447 4.2 4.1 4.5 4.3 4.5

At contracting establishments

4,056 4,004 4,355 4,018 4,366 3.4 3.3 3.6 3.3 3.6

At closing establishments

1,004 961 1,091 1,270 1,081 0.8 0.8 0.9 1.0 0.9

Net employment change (2)

-130 408 618 975 -633 -0.2 0.4 0.5 0.8 -0.6

Retail trade

Gross job gains

16,947 16,759 17,591 15,183 15,403 5.5 5.4 5.7 4.9 5.0

At expanding establishments

14,583 14,076 14,889 13,347 13,220 4.7 4.5 4.8 4.3 4.3

At opening establishments

2,364 2,683 2,702 1,836 2,183 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.6 0.7

Gross job losses

16,302 18,071 19,367 17,412 16,288 5.2 5.8 6.2 5.7 5.3

At contracting establishments

14,436 15,874 16,885 14,730 14,066 4.6 5.1 5.4 4.8 4.6

At closing establishments

1,866 2,197 2,482 2,682 2,222 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.7

Net employment change (2)

645 -1,312 -1,776 -2,229 -885 0.3 -0.4 -0.5 -0.8 -0.3

Transportation and warehousing

Gross job gains

5,596 5,082 5,221 6,851 5,161 6.1 5.5 5.6 7.3 5.4

At expanding establishments

4,844 4,303 4,393 6,015 4,268 5.3 4.7 4.7 6.4 4.5

At opening establishments

752 779 828 836 893 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.9

Gross job losses

5,432 4,417 4,711 4,580 5,205 5.9 4.8 5.1 4.8 5.4

At contracting establishments

4,828 3,706 3,825 3,792 4,629 5.2 4.0 4.1 4.0 4.8

At closing establishments

604 711 886 788 576 0.7 0.8 1.0 0.8 0.6

Net employment change (2)

164 665 510 2,271 -44 0.2 0.7 0.5 2.5 0.0

Information

Gross job gains

2,090 2,076 2,153 2,275 1,769 4.4 4.4 4.5 4.8 3.7

At expanding establishments

1,726 1,805 1,671 1,981 1,412 3.6 3.8 3.5 4.2 3.0

At opening establishments

364 271 482 294 357 0.8 0.6 1.0 0.6 0.7

Gross job losses

2,034 2,338 2,878 2,147 2,170 4.2 4.8 6.1 4.6 4.6

At contracting establishments

1,700 1,938 2,504 1,694 1,836 3.5 4.0 5.3 3.6 3.9

At closing establishments

334 400 374 453 334 0.7 0.8 0.8 1.0 0.7

Net employment change (2)

56 -262 -725 128 -401 0.2 -0.4 -1.6 0.2 -0.9

Financial activities

Gross job gains

6,668 7,117 7,733 7,999 6,966 4.1 4.4 4.7 5.0 4.3

At expanding establishments

5,257 5,802 5,915 6,291 5,394 3.2 3.6 3.6 3.9 3.3

At opening establishments

1,411 1,315 1,818 1,708 1,572 0.9 0.8 1.1 1.1 1.0

Gross job losses

6,930 6,431 8,300 7,058 6,563 4.2 4.0 5.1 4.3 4.0

At contracting establishments

5,559 5,116 6,211 5,403 5,229 3.4 3.2 3.8 3.3 3.2

At closing establishments

1,371 1,315 2,089 1,655 1,334 0.8 0.8 1.3 1.0 0.8

Net employment change (2)

-262 686 -567 941 403 -0.1 0.4 -0.4 0.7 0.3

Professional and business services

Gross job gains

23,762 25,549 27,516 23,761 22,799 6.2 6.7 7.1 6.1 5.9

At expanding establishments

19,660 20,283 21,551 19,114 17,732 5.1 5.3 5.6 4.9 4.6

At opening establishments

4,102 5,266 5,965 4,647 5,067 1.1 1.4 1.5 1.2 1.3

Gross job losses

22,922 22,997 24,966 25,359 24,232 5.9 6.0 6.4 6.6 6.3

At contracting establishments

18,195 18,079 20,183 19,963 19,533 4.7 4.7 5.2 5.2 5.1

At closing establishments

4,727 4,918 4,783 5,396 4,699 1.2 1.3 1.2 1.4 1.2

Net employment change (2)

840 2,552 2,550 -1,598 -1,433 0.3 0.7 0.7 -0.5 -0.4

Education and health services

Gross job gains

18,941 20,982 22,226 22,197 20,936 4.2 4.6 5.0 4.8 4.6

At expanding establishments

13,870 14,449 16,058 16,102 15,054 3.1 3.2 3.6 3.5 3.3

At opening establishments

5,071 6,533 6,168 6,095 5,882 1.1 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.3

Gross job losses

19,720 21,931 21,029 18,593 18,702 4.4 4.9 4.6 4.1 4.1

At contracting establishments

14,321 15,360 15,046 13,084 13,336 3.2 3.4 3.3 2.9 2.9

At closing establishments

5,399 6,571 5,983 5,509 5,366 1.2 1.5 1.3 1.2 1.2

Net employment change (2)

-779 -949 1,197 3,604 2,234 -0.2 -0.3 0.4 0.7 0.5

Leisure and hospitality

Gross job gains

24,925 25,905 27,638 27,150 25,353 8.1 8.4 9.1 8.8 8.2

At expanding establishments

20,064 21,384 22,275 22,751 20,097 6.5 6.9 7.3 7.4 6.5

At opening establishments

4,861 4,521 5,363 4,399 5,256 1.6 1.5 1.8 1.4 1.7

Gross job losses

22,592 29,178 29,770 23,567 23,000 7.3 9.4 9.8 7.7 7.4

At contracting establishments

19,673 25,344 26,105 20,200 19,827 6.4 8.2 8.6 6.6 6.4

At closing establishments

2,919 3,834 3,665 3,367 3,173 0.9 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.0

Net employment change (2)

2,333 -3,273 -2,132 3,583 2,353 0.8 -1.0 -0.7 1.1 0.8

Other services (3)

Gross job gains

5,048 5,537 5,246 4,920 5,137 7.0 7.6 7.2 6.8 7.1

At expanding establishments

3,888 4,398 3,948 3,888 3,845 5.4 6.0 5.4 5.4 5.3

At opening establishments

1,160 1,139 1,298 1,032 1,292 1.6 1.6 1.8 1.4 1.8

Gross job losses

4,889 5,243 5,794 5,029 4,716 6.8 7.2 8.0 7.0 6.5

At contracting establishments

3,759 4,067 4,614 3,949 3,606 5.2 5.6 6.4 5.5 5.0

At closing establishments

1,130 1,176 1,180 1,080 1,110 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5

Net employment change (2)

159 294 -548 -109 421 0.2 0.4 -0.8 -0.2 0.6

Footnotes:
(1) Includes unclassified sector not shown separately.
(2) The net employment change is the difference between total gross job gains and total gross job losses. See the Technical Note for further information.
(3) Except public administration.

Table 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of total employment by state, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Gross job losses as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Mar.
2018
June
2018
Sept.
2018
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019
Mar.
2018
June
2018
Sept.
2018
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019

United States(1)

6.1 6.1 6.0 6.3 5.9 5.5 5.8 6.0 5.6 5.5

Alabama

6.1 5.8 6.0 6.3 6.0 5.4 5.7 5.9 5.3 5.5

Alaska

10.1 10.9 8.9 11.0 10.0 8.9 10.7 10.7 9.8 9.0

Arizona

6.0 6.0 6.6 6.2 5.6 5.3 5.9 5.1 5.1 5.5

Arkansas

5.4 5.0 6.1 5.9 5.2 5.2 5.7 5.6 5.0 5.1

California

6.4 6.7 6.5 6.9 6.3 6.0 6.4 6.2 5.9 6.2

Colorado

6.8 6.8 6.6 6.8 6.6 6.0 6.1 6.8 6.0 6.3

Connecticut

5.1 5.8 5.3 5.3 5.2 5.3 5.1 5.7 4.9 5.7

Delaware

7.1 6.4 5.7 6.6 6.4 5.9 6.0 6.5 5.6 5.5

District of Columbia

6.0 5.6 5.3 5.6 5.4 4.9 5.6 5.5 5.1 4.9

Florida

6.2 6.4 6.8 6.4 6.1 5.5 6.1 5.8 6.1 5.6

Georgia

6.5 6.3 6.7 6.3 6.8 5.7 6.4 6.1 5.8 5.7

Hawaii

5.1 5.3 5.1 5.8 5.4 4.7 5.4 5.4 5.1 5.9

Idaho

7.9 7.3 6.8 7.4 7.5 6.1 6.8 6.9 6.3 6.1

Illinois

5.7 5.6 5.5 5.5 5.2 5.2 5.6 5.8 5.6 5.1

Indiana

5.7 5.5 5.2 5.6 5.9 5.1 5.5 5.4 5.0 4.8

Iowa

5.6 5.7 5.3 5.8 5.1 5.3 5.4 5.7 5.3 5.4

Kansas

5.3 5.7 5.9 6.1 5.4 5.4 5.6 5.7 5.4 5.7

Kentucky

6.2 5.9 5.8 6.1 5.8 5.9 5.7 6.0 5.4 5.5

Louisiana

6.7 6.2 6.3 6.2 5.9 5.9 6.5 6.3 5.8 5.9

Maine

7.0 8.0 6.1 7.3 7.2 7.0 7.1 7.5 6.7 6.4

Maryland

6.3 6.1 6.3 6.8 6.4 5.8 5.8 6.6 6.4 5.7

Massachusetts

5.7 6.1 5.6 5.8 5.7 5.2 5.5 6.1 5.3 5.2

Michigan

5.6 5.5 5.0 5.6 5.1 4.6 5.2 6.2 5.2 4.6

Minnesota

5.4 5.8 5.5 5.7 5.2 5.1 5.2 5.7 5.4 5.1

Mississippi

5.5 5.7 5.9 6.5 5.7 6.0 6.0 5.9 5.3 6.2

Missouri

5.5 5.7 5.9 5.8 5.4 5.2 5.7 6.0 5.4 5.3

Montana

7.9 8.0 7.2 8.9 7.6 7.1 7.8 7.9 7.2 8.0

Nebraska

5.8 5.8 5.9 5.9 5.7 5.6 5.8 5.9 5.7 5.6

Nevada

6.5 6.1 6.7 6.6 6.0 5.5 5.8 5.7 5.5 5.4

New Hampshire

6.1 6.7 5.7 6.6 6.3 6.0 6.2 6.8 5.7 5.7

New Jersey

5.7 6.5 6.0 6.4 5.7 6.1 5.8 6.4 5.7 5.6

New Mexico

6.5 6.7 6.4 6.8 6.4 5.7 6.2 6.4 6.1 5.8

New York

6.3 6.3 6.1 6.3 6.0 5.6 5.8 6.4 5.7 5.3

North Carolina

6.2 6.1 5.7 6.7 6.3 5.3 5.7 6.4 5.3 5.1

North Dakota

7.1 6.7 6.6 6.8 7.1 6.3 6.2 6.6 6.2 6.4

Ohio

5.6 5.6 5.4 5.6 5.5 5.1 5.4 5.8 5.3 5.1

Oklahoma

6.2 6.4 6.7 6.5 5.8 5.7 6.3 6.1 6.1 5.8

Oregon

8.0 6.2 6.2 6.7 6.3 5.8 6.3 6.3 6.0 5.8

Pennsylvania

5.3 5.3 5.4 5.3 5.1 4.9 5.1 5.2 4.8 4.8

Rhode Island

6.4 6.3 6.2 6.4 5.8 6.1 6.1 6.4 5.7 5.6

South Carolina

6.3 7.5 5.8 7.4 6.4 5.1 6.7 6.5 5.4 6.0

South Dakota

6.4 6.1 6.0 6.3 5.7 5.9 6.1 5.7 5.8 6.4

Tennessee

5.1 5.5 5.8 5.8 5.4 4.9 5.3 5.3 4.9 4.8

Texas

5.9 5.9 6.0 6.2 5.5 5.1 5.3 5.4 5.2 5.2

Utah

7.5 6.9 7.3 6.9 7.3 6.0 6.4 6.4 6.2 6.2

Vermont

6.5 7.2 6.9 7.4 6.7 7.0 7.1 7.6 6.8 6.3

Virginia

6.0 6.2 5.7 6.3 6.4 5.4 5.8 6.3 5.6 5.5

Washington

7.2 7.3 6.2 6.4 6.2 6.2 6.5 6.5 5.6 5.6

West Virginia

6.9 6.8 7.0 6.3 6.0 6.0 6.4 6.4 6.5 6.6

Wisconsin

5.6 5.5 5.1 5.4 5.1 4.7 5.5 5.9 5.0 4.8

Wyoming

8.6 8.4 8.3 10.0 8.6 8.0 8.4 8.4 7.8 7.8

Puerto Rico

8.5 7.9 7.2 6.0 7.1 6.9 6.2 5.8 6.8 5.1

Virgin Islands

13.3 13.2 12.8 7.9 11.9 18.6 7.0 5.9 7.1 7.4

Footnotes
(1) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, November 20, 2019