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News Release Information

21-1733-KAN
Wednesday, October 13, 2021

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Technical information:
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  • (816) 285-7000

Consumer Price Index, Denver-Aurora-Lakewood area – September 2021

Area prices rise 0.3 percent in August and September, up 4.5 percent over the year

Prices in the Denver-Aurora-Lakewood area, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), rose 0.3 percent for the two months ending in September 2021, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Michael Hirniak noted that a 0.2-percent increase in the index for all items less food and energy was the leading factor in the rise, but higher prices for both food and energy also contributed. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, bi-monthly changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U rose 4.5 percent. The index for all items less food and energy increased 3.1 percent over the year. Energy prices jumped 33.0 percent, while food prices increased 3.3 percent. (See chart 1 and table 1.)

Food

Food prices advanced 1.0 percent for the two months ending in September. Prices for food away from home (restaurant, cafeteria, and vending purchases) rose 1.5 percent. Prices for food at home (groceries) advanced 0.6 percent for the same period, largely due to an increase in prices for meats, poultry, fish, and eggs.

Over the year, food prices increased 3.3 percent. Prices for food away from home rose 4.2 percent, while prices for food at home advanced 2.6 percent since a year ago.

Energy

The energy index rose 1.1 percent for the two months ending in September. The increase was mainly due to higher prices for gasoline (+1.6 percent). Prices for electricity inched up 0.2 percent for the same period.

Energy prices jumped 33.0 percent over the year, largely due to higher prices for gasoline (+54.8 percent). Prices paid for electricity increased 2.4 percent during the past year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy edged up 0.2 percent in the latest two-month period. Higher prices for owners’ equivalent rent of residences (+0.8 percent), apparel (+3.7 percent), and recreation (+1.3 percent) were partially offset by lower prices for used cars and trucks (-4.5 percent) and other goods and services (-1.3 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy increased 3.1 percent. Components contributing to the increase included owners’ equivalent rent of residences (+4.5 percent), used cars and trucks (+24.8 percent), recreation (+8.6 percent).

The November 2021 Consumer Price Index for the Denver-Aurora-Lakewood area is scheduled to be released on Friday, December 10, 2021.

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic Impact on September 2021 Consumer Price Index Data

Data collection by personal visit for the Consumer Price Index (CPI) program has been suspended since March 16, 2020. When possible, data normally collected by personal visit were collected either online or by phone. Additionally, data collection in September 2021 was affected by the temporary closing or limited operations of certain types of establishments. These factors resulted in an increase in the number of prices considered temporarily unavailable and imputed. While the CPI program attempted to collect as much data as possible, many indexes are based on smaller amounts of collected prices than usual, and a small number of indexes that are normally published were not published this month. Additional information is available at www.bls.gov/covid19/effects-of-covid-19-pandemic-on-consumer-price-index.htm.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) measures the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total U.S. population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total U.S. population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date. For most of the CPI-U the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. An increase of 7 percent from the reference base, for example, is shown as 107.000.  Alternatively, that relationship can also be expressed as the price of a base period market basket of goods and services rising from $100 to $107. For further details see the CPI home page on the internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the CPI section of the BLS Handbook of Methods available on the internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/cpi/.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Denver-Aurora-Lakewood metropolitan area is comprised of Adams, Arapahoe, Broomfield, Clear Creek, Denver, Douglas, Elbert, Gilpin, Jefferson, and Park counties in Colorado.

Information in this release will be made available to individuals with sensory impairments upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods,
Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group Indexes Percent change from -
Jul.
2021
Aug.
2021
Sep.
2021
Sep.
2020
Jul.
2021
Aug.
2021

All items

285.268 - 286.186 4.5 0.3 -

All items (1967 = 100)

951.251 - 954.309      

Food and beverages

256.399 - 259.016 3.4 1.0 -

Food

261.578 - 264.203 3.3 1.0 -

Food at home

241.252 241.758 242.726 2.6 0.6 0.4

Cereals and bakery products

283.445 - 285.358 -0.6 0.7 -

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

247.951 - 255.629 4.9 3.1 -

Dairy and related products

206.004 - 200.329 2.3 -2.8 -

Fruits and vegetables

283.694 - 279.170 -0.1 -1.6 -

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials(1)

164.693 - 162.961 -1.3 -1.1 -

Other food at home

213.034 - 216.634 5.9 1.7 -

Food away from home

288.845 - 293.195 4.2 1.5 -

Alcoholic beverages

210.781 - 213.387 4.0 1.2 -

Housing

282.988 - 283.421 1.4 0.2 -

Shelter

327.813 328.270 327.539 0.7 -0.1 -0.2

Rent of primary residence

336.496 337.331 338.040 2.5 0.5 0.2

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(2)

323.027 324.582 325.494 4.5 0.8 0.3

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(2)

323.027 324.582 325.494 4.5 0.8 0.3

Fuels and utilities

243.489 - 245.068 4.3 0.6 -

Household energy

159.441 159.573 159.823 6.7 0.2 0.2

Energy services

157.776 157.931 158.175 6.7 0.3 0.2

Electricity

161.226 161.325 161.534 2.4 0.2 0.1

Utility (piped) gas service

- - - - - -

Household furnishings and operations

128.834 - 130.840 5.4 1.6 -

Apparel

108.201 - 112.248 16.8 3.7 -

Transportation

299.144 - 297.856 17.5 -0.4 -

Private transportation

299.243 - 301.709 17.8 0.8 -

New and used motor vehicles(3)

123.732 - - - - -

New vehicles(1)

223.464 - - - - -

Used cars and trucks(1)

389.261 - 371.783 24.8 -4.5 -

Motor fuel

295.084 304.460 299.891 54.9 1.6 -1.5

Gasoline (all types)

293.590 302.874 298.419 54.8 1.6 -1.5

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

286.176 295.481 290.880 57.2 1.6 -1.6

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

286.691 295.332 291.970 47.9 1.8 -1.1

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

316.037 324.989 321.173 45.1 1.6 -1.2

Motor vehicle insurance(1)

3,105.349 - 3,105.349 4.0 0.0 -

Medical care

636.469 - - - - -

Recreation(3)

167.771 - 170.033 8.6 1.3 -

Education and communication(3)

125.791 - 126.765 -0.8 0.8 -

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare(1)

1,099.264 - 1,111.405 1.2 1.1 -

Other goods and services

398.314 - 392.995 1.1 -1.3 -

Commodity and service group

Commodities

191.122 - 193.330 9.3 1.2 -

Commodities less food and beverages

157.428 - 159.369 13.1 1.2 -

Nondurables less food and beverages

190.338 - 193.547 18.2 1.7 -

Durables

123.803 - 124.725 7.9 0.7 -

Services

367.904 - 367.380 2.0 -0.1 -

Special aggregate indexes

All items less shelter

264.838 - 266.287 6.8 0.5 -

All items less medical care

269.165 - 270.124 4.9 0.4 -

Commodities less food

159.663 - 161.633 12.7 1.2 -

Nondurables

223.953 - 226.943 9.9 1.3 -

Nondurables less food

191.631 - 194.795 17.0 1.7 -

Services less rent of shelter(2)

420.934 - 420.040 3.6 -0.2 -

Services less medical care services

343.897 - 343.259 2.0 -0.2 -

Energy

221.805 226.328 224.284 33.0 1.1 -0.9

All items less energy

292.797 - 293.595 3.1 0.3 -

All items less food and energy

299.362 - 299.854 3.1 0.2 -

(1) Indexes on a January 1978=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a November 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Index on a December 1993=100 base.

- Data not available.

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, October 13, 2021