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News Release Information

21-1301-KAN
Tuesday, July 13, 2021

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Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (816) 285-7000

Consumer Price Index, Midwest Region – June 2021

Regional prices up 1.0 percent over the past month, up 5.8 percent from a year ago

Prices in the Midwest Region, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), advanced 1.0 percent in June, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See table A.) The June increase was most influenced by higher prices for all items less food and energy. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U advanced 5.8 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) The index for all items less food and energy rose 4.6 percent over the year. Energy prices jumped 26.5 percent, largely the result of an increase in the price of gasoline. Food prices advanced 2.6 percent. (See table 1.)

Food

Food prices increased 0.9 percent for the month of June. (See table 1.) Prices for food away from home increased 1.1 percent and prices for food at home advanced 0.7 percent for the same period.

Over the year, food prices advanced 2.6 percent. Prices for food away from home rose 5.5 percent and prices for food at home advanced 0.4 percent since a year ago.

Energy

The energy index rose 4.1 percent over the month. Higher prices for gasoline (3.6 percent) led the increase. Prices for electricity increased (5.5 percent) and prices for natural gas service advanced 3.1 percent for the same period.

Energy prices jumped 26.5 percent over the year, largely due to higher prices for gasoline (45.3 percent). Prices paid for natural gas service surged 31.0 percent and prices for electricity advanced 1.7 percent during the past year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy advanced 0.7 percent in June. Higher prices for used cars and trucks (11.0 percent) and shelter (0.6 percent) were partially offset by lower prices for apparel (-1.6 percent) and recreation (-0.6 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy rose 4.6 percent. Components contributing to the increase included used cars and trucks (46.3 percent) and shelter (2.8 percent). A price decrease in medical care commodities (-3.0 percent) did little to slow the advance of the overall index.

Table A. Midwest region CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

0.7 2.2 0.4 1.6 -0.2 0.8 0.4 2.5 0.5 1.2

February

0.8 2.4 0.9 1.7 0.9 1.3 0.3 2.1 0.8 1.7

March

0.2 1.9 0.4 1.8 1.3 1.7 -0.5 1.0 0.7 3.0

April

0.5 1.8 0.6 1.8 0.9 1.5 -1.1 -0.4 0.8 4.9

May

0.4 1.4 0.9 2.3 0.6 1.3 0.3 -0.4 1.0 5.6

June

0.0 0.9 0.7 2.5 0.3 1.2 0.8 0.4 1.0 5.8

July

0.1 1.3 0.1 2.4 0.2 1.5 0.5 0.7

August

0.3 1.5 -0.1 2.1 0.2 1.5 0.4 1.1

September

0.5 1.5 0.1 1.9 0.0 1.4 0.2 1.3

October

0.1 1.5 0.2 2.2 0.2 1.5 -0.1 1.0

November

0.0 1.9 -0.5 1.4 0.0 1.9 -0.2 1.0

December

0.0 1.7 -0.9 1.3 -0.2 2.3 0.1 1.1

The July 2021 Consumer Price Index for the Midwest Region is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, August 11, 2021.

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic Impact on June 2021 Consumer Price Index Data

Data collection by personal visit for the Consumer Price Index (CPI) program has been suspended since March 16, 2020. When possible, data normally collected by personal visit were collected either online or by phone. Additionally, data collection in June 2021 was affected by the temporary closing or limited operations of certain types of establishments. These factors resulted in an increase in the number of prices considered temporarily unavailable and imputed. While the CPI program attempted to collect as much data as possible, many indexes are based on smaller amounts of collected prices than usual, and a small number of indexes that are normally published were not published this month. Additional information is available at www.bls.gov/covid19/effects-of-covid-19-pandemic-on-consumer-price-index.htm.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total U.S. population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total U.S. population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date; for most of the CPI-U the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. An increase of 7 percent from the reference base, for example, is shown as 107.000.  Alternatively, that relationship can also be expressed as the price of a base period market basket of goods and services rising from $100 to $107. For further details see the CPI home page on the internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the CPI section of the BLS Handbook of Methods available on the internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/cpi/.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Midwest region is comprised of Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.

Information in this release will be made available to individuals with sensory impairments upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods, Midwest Region, (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted) (not seasonally adjusted)
Expenditure category Indexes Percent change from
Apr.
2021
May
2021
Jun.
2021
Jun.
2020
Apr.
2021
May
2021

All items

248.169 250.582 253.042 5.8 2.0 1.0

All items (December 1977 = 100)

403.784 407.711 411.713      

Food and beverages

258.926 260.699 262.863 2.6 1.5 0.8

Food

258.666 260.372 262.685 2.6 1.6 0.9

Food at home

237.832 238.169 239.911 0.4 0.9 0.7

Cereals and bakery products

268.483 269.228 266.483 1.0 -0.7 -1.0

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

259.467 264.274 272.206 -4.2 4.9 3.0

Dairy and related products

208.721 209.037 210.380 2.6 0.8 0.6

Fruits and vegetables

282.067 286.366 284.776 5.2 1.0 -0.6

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

172.048 168.655 170.493 1.4 -0.9 1.1

Other food at home

206.096 203.672 204.505 -0.1 -0.8 0.4

Food away from home

293.123 296.906 300.104 5.5 2.4 1.1

Alcoholic beverages

260.706 263.312 263.610 2.4 1.1 0.1

Housing

243.467 244.883 246.977 3.8 1.4 0.9

Shelter

291.656 292.571 294.263 2.8 0.9 0.6

Rent of primary residence(1)

293.452 294.051 295.241 2.6 0.6 0.4

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(1)(2)

298.401 299.181 300.291 2.7 0.6 0.4

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(1)(2)

298.319 299.100 300.200 2.7 0.6 0.4

Fuels and utilities

232.748 236.535 245.023 9.0 5.3 3.6

Household energy

186.910 190.985 199.715 10.8 6.9 4.6

Energy services(1)

193.353 197.813 206.985 10.3 7.1 4.6

Electricity(1)

200.386 203.885 215.066 1.7 7.3 5.5

Utility (piped) gas service(1)

169.477 175.164 180.551 31.0 6.5 3.1

Household furnishings and operations

121.198 122.670 122.603 4.6 1.2 -0.1

Apparel

112.027 112.137 110.380 4.1 -1.5 -1.6

Transportation

214.868 222.265 230.315 21.3 7.2 3.6

Private transportation

212.755 219.265 227.777 21.4 7.1 3.9

New and used motor vehicles(3)

105.690 110.267 116.619 19.5 10.3 5.8

New vehicles

139.867 143.518 145.884 5.1 4.3 1.6

New cars and trucks(3)(4)

98.891 101.463 103.129 5.1 4.3 1.6

New cars(4)

137.040 140.483 143.119 4.8 4.4 1.9

Used cars and trucks

168.641 179.162 198.907 46.3 17.9 11.0

Motor fuel

253.691 262.509 271.925 45.1 7.2 3.6

Gasoline (all types)

252.459 261.379 270.762 45.3 7.2 3.6

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

246.037 254.908 264.197 46.4 7.4 3.6

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

290.745 300.920 311.034 39.6 7.0 3.4

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

274.030 281.618 290.072 35.5 5.9 3.0

Motor vehicle insurance(6)

740.932 742.438 742.963 12.4 0.3 0.1

Medical care

523.738 523.590 522.287 0.8 -0.3 -0.2

Medical care commodities

374.730 373.797 371.477 -3.0 -0.9 -0.6

Medical care services

573.274 573.376 572.390 1.7 -0.2 -0.2

Professional services

434.100 435.381 435.596 1.6 0.3 0.0

Recreation(3)

126.499 127.355 126.562 2.9 0.0 -0.6

Education and communication(3)

141.016 141.392 141.600 1.9 0.4 0.1

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(6)

1,219.342 1,224.492 1,225.400 1.8 0.5 0.1

Other goods and services

453.953 453.565 452.794 1.1 -0.3 -0.2

Commodity and service group

Commodities

187.652 190.571 193.842 9.3 3.3 1.7

Commodities less food and beverages

153.373 156.575 160.097 13.7 4.4 2.2

Nondurables less food and beverages

198.279 200.268 201.313 12.3 1.5 0.5

Durables

109.074 112.628 117.217 15.1 7.5 4.1

Services

310.492 312.287 313.785 3.5 1.1 0.5

Special aggregate indexes

All items less shelter

235.007 237.930 240.656 7.0 2.4 1.1

All items less medical care

235.124 237.668 240.316 6.3 2.2 1.1

Commodities less food

156.715 159.913 163.363 13.1 4.2 2.2

Nondurables

228.007 229.902 231.485 6.8 1.5 0.7

Nondurables less food

201.563 203.585 204.580 11.4 1.5 0.5

Services less rent of shelter(2)

339.921 342.714 344.019 4.0 1.2 0.4

Services less medical care services

290.832 292.771 294.475 3.7 1.3 0.6

Energy

217.170 223.383 232.432 26.5 7.0 4.1

All items less energy

254.394 256.490 258.372 4.3 1.6 0.7

All items less food and energy

254.386 256.556 258.368 4.6 1.6 0.7

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(6) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base.

Note: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

 

Last Modified Date: Tuesday, July 13, 2021