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Wednesday, February 13, 2019

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Consumer Price Index, Midwest Region – January 2019

Prices in the Midwest up 0.2 percent in January and 0.8 percent higher over the year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) in the Midwest turned up 0.2 percent in January after declining in November and December, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. The January movement was influenced by higher prices for shelter, medical care services, and food at home. Lower prices for gasoline helped to moderate the advance. Overall, energy costs were down 2.8 percent, but prices for food increased 0.6 percent. The index for all items less food and energy increased 0.4 percent after recording no change in the prior two months. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

The CPI-U for the Midwest rose 0.8 percent over the latest 12 months. (See chart 1 and table A.) The energy index, which includes motor fuel and household fuels, declined 10.0 percent. Food prices increased 1.0 percent. The index for all items less food and energy was up 1.9 percent from January 2018 to January 2019. (See table 1.)

Chart 1. Over-the-year percent change in CPI-U, Midwest Region, January 2016-January 2019

Food

Food prices in the Midwest were up 0.6 percent in January led by higher prices for food at home (0.8 percent). Prices for food away from home rose 0.2 percent.

From January 2018 to January 2019, the index for food advanced 1.0 percent. Costs for food away from home were up 2.5 percent and were responsible for the increase. Prices for food at home were 0.2 percent lower over the year.

Energy

The energy index declined for the fourth month in a row, down 2.8 percent in January led by a 5.4-percent drop in prices for gasoline. Also contributing to the monthly decline, utility (piped) gas service costs were down 3.0 percent after rising 11.3 percent in the prior month. Electricity prices were up 1.0 percent in January.

Energy costs decreased 10.0 percent since January 2018 largely due to a decline of 19.1 percent in prices for gasoline. Electricity prices were down 1.2 percent, but costs for utility (piped) gas service were 2.4 percent higher than a year ago.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy for the Midwest increased 0.4 percent after registering no change in each of the prior two months. Among the expenditure categories registering higher costs were medical care services (1.0 percent) and shelter (0.3 percent), while prices for new vehicles (-0.5 percent) were among those that declined over the month.  

The index for all items less food and energy was up 1.9 percent from January 2018 to January 2019. Higher costs for shelter (3.3 percent) contributed to the increase.

The Midwest Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) stood at 233.837 in January 2019. A typical market basket of goods and services that cost $100.00 in the 1982-84 base period cost $233.84 in January 2019.

Table A. Midwest region CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

-0.6 -0.3 0.3 0.8 0.7 2.2 0.6 1.6 0.2 0.8

February

0.3 -0.5 0.0 0.4 0.2 2.4 0.2 1.7

March

0.6 -0.9 0.6 0.5 0.1 1.9 0.2 1.8

April

0.1 -1.1 0.4 0.8 0.4 1.8 0.4 1.8

May

0.4 -0.8 0.4 0.8 0.0 1.4 0.5 2.3

June

0.5 -0.7 0.6 0.8 0.0 0.9 0.2 2.5

July

0.0 -0.5 -0.5 0.4 0.0 1.3 0.0 2.4

August

0.0 -0.3 0.1 0.6 0.3 1.5 0.0 2.1

September

-0.3 -0.8 0.2 1.1 0.3 1.5 0.1 1.9

October

-0.1 -0.3 -0.1 1.0 -0.2 1.5 0.1 2.2

November

-0.5 -0.2 -0.3 1.2 0.2 1.9 -0.6 1.4

December

-0.6 0.0 0.1 1.8 -0.2 1.7 -0.4 1.3

The February 2019 Consumer Price Index for the Midwest region is scheduled to be released on Tuesday, March 12, 2019.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 5,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments–department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch17.pdf.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Midwest region is comprised of Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods, Midwest Region, (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted) (not seasonally adjusted)
Expenditure category Indexes Percent change from
Nov.
2018
Dec.
2018
Jan.
2019
Jan.
2018
Nov.
2018
Dec.
2018

All items

234.292 233.458 233.837 0.8 -0.2 0.2

All items (December 1977 = 100)

381.206 379.849 380.466      

Food and beverages

244.088 244.469 245.739 1.0 0.7 0.5

Food

243.269 243.670 245.015 1.0 0.7 0.6

Food at home

224.384 224.499 226.291 -0.2 0.8 0.8

Cereals and bakery products

259.140 256.376 257.690 -0.4 -0.6 0.5

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

244.133 241.678 244.643 -1.0 0.2 1.2

Dairy and related products

189.794 191.886 192.236 -3.8 1.3 0.2

Fruits and vegetables

263.345 270.970 275.248 1.4 4.5 1.6

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

160.307 160.776 162.378 1.8 1.3 1.0

Other food at home

197.767 196.121 196.556 0.3 -0.6 0.2

Food away from home

274.604 275.440 276.128 2.5 0.6 0.2

Alcoholic beverages

253.211 253.315 253.559 1.1 0.1 0.1

Housing

228.707 229.553 230.194 2.8 0.7 0.3

Shelter

274.129 274.410 275.220 3.3 0.4 0.3

Rent of primary residence(1)

274.266 274.928 275.503 3.1 0.5 0.2

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(1)(2)

279.316 280.004 280.742 3.6 0.5 0.3

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(1)(2)

279.283 279.963 280.704 3.6 0.5 0.3

Fuels and utilities

216.900 222.649 222.229 0.7 2.5 -0.2

Household energy

174.445 180.410 179.773 -0.2 3.1 -0.4

Energy services(1)

180.485 187.152 186.445 0.0 3.3 -0.4

Electricity(1)

196.462 196.912 198.814 -1.2 1.2 1.0

Utility (piped) gas service(1)

143.269 159.476 154.629 2.4 7.9 -3.0

Household furnishings and operations

114.559 114.288 115.068 1.3 0.4 0.7

Apparel

117.674 113.291 114.788 -1.5 -2.5 1.3

Transportation

200.177 194.978 192.640 -3.7 -3.8 -1.2

Private transportation

195.584 190.450 187.855 -3.7 -4.0 -1.4

New and used motor vehicles(3)

96.525 97.425 97.115 1.2 0.6 -0.3

New vehicles

136.792 136.733 136.017 -0.9 -0.6 -0.5

New cars and trucks(3)(4)

96.699 96.650 96.191 -0.7 -0.5 -0.5

New cars(4)

133.603 133.817 133.167 -0.2 -0.3 -0.5

Used cars and trucks

136.638 136.799 137.526 0.9 0.6 0.5

Motor fuel

225.285 198.541 187.852 -18.7 -16.6 -5.4

Gasoline (all types)

223.312 196.431 185.866 -19.1 -16.8 -5.4

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

217.055 190.436 180.076 -19.4 -17.0 -5.4

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

260.132 228.371 218.404 -17.4 -16.0 -4.4

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

249.154 226.182 214.908 -14.8 -13.7 -5.0

Motor vehicle insurance(6)

741.088 738.793 739.537 1.9 -0.2 0.1

Medical care

487.769 487.717 492.369 2.4 0.9 1.0

Medical care commodities

396.311 395.354 398.544 2.6 0.6 0.8

Medical care services

518.385 518.640 523.785 2.3 1.0 1.0

Professional services

416.787 416.817 420.993 0.9 1.0 1.0

Recreation(3)

119.929 120.650 121.229 -0.9 1.1 0.5

Education and communication(3)

137.491 137.412 137.834 -0.1 0.2 0.3

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(6)

1,197.208 1,196.868 1,199.645 1.4 0.2 0.2

Other goods and services

428.857 429.502 428.893 2.4 0.0 -0.1

Commodity and service group

Commodities

177.715 175.167 175.182 -1.6 -1.4 0.0

Commodities less food and beverages

145.696 142.160 141.707 -3.2 -2.7 -0.3

Nondurables less food and beverages

192.814 184.244 183.000 -5.6 -5.1 -0.7

Durables

100.892 101.137 101.268 0.0 0.4 0.1

Services

292.654 293.637 294.400 2.3 0.6 0.3

Special aggregate indexes

All items less shelter

222.327 221.100 221.334 -0.3 -0.4 0.1

All items less medical care

222.293 221.421 221.598 0.6 -0.3 0.1

Commodities less food

149.020 145.560 145.122 -3.0 -2.6 -0.3

Nondurables

218.112 213.667 213.590 -2.2 -2.1 0.0

Nondurables less food

196.010 187.933 186.773 -5.1 -4.7 -0.6

Services less rent of shelter(2)

321.569 323.350 324.074 1.4 0.8 0.2

Services less medical care services

275.819 276.856 277.291 2.3 0.5 0.2

Energy

197.513 188.207 182.886 -10.0 -7.4 -2.8

All items less energy

240.842 240.861 241.825 1.7 0.4 0.4

All items less food and energy

241.121 241.071 241.972 1.9 0.4 0.4

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(6) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base.

Note: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, February 13, 2019