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Wednesday, June 12, 2019

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Consumer Price Index, Midwest Region – May 2019

Prices in the Midwest up 0.3 percent in May and 1.3 percent higher over the year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) in the Midwest rose 0.3 percent in May, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. The May movement was influenced by higher prices for shelter, energy, medical care services, and food. Overall, energy costs were up 1.3 percent, and prices for food turned up 0.5 percent. The index for all items less food and energy edged up 0.2 percent. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

The CPI-U for the Midwest rose 1.3 percent over the latest 12 months. (See chart 1 and table A.) Food prices increased 1.5 percent. The energy index, which includes motor fuel and household fuels, declined 1.7 percent. The index for all items less food and energy was up 1.6 percent from May 2018 to May 2019. (See table 1.)

Food

Food prices in the Midwest turned up 0.5 percent following two consecutive months of lower prices.  The increase was due to a 0.6-percent increase in prices for food at home and a 0.5-percent increase in prices for food away from home.

From May 2018 to May 2019, the index for food advanced 1.5 percent. Costs for food away from home were up 2.5 percent and prices for food at home rose 0.7 percent over the year.

Energy

The energy index continued to increase for the fourth month in a row, up 1.3 percent in May. The monthly gain reflected a 1.4-percent rise in prices for gasoline and a 2.2-percent increase in electricity costs. Lower prices for utility (piped) gas service (-0.2 percent) did little to moderate the increase. 

Energy costs declined 1.7 percent since May 2018 due to over-the-year decreases in the prices for gasoline (-1.6 percent), utility (piped) gas service (-4.1 percent) and electricity (-0.8 percent).

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy for the Midwest edged up 0.2 percent in May. Among the expenditure categories that registered higher costs were shelter (0.4 percent), and medical care services (1.4 percent). Decreases in prices for new and used motor vehicles (-0.8 percent) and household furnishings and operations (-0.8 percent) were among those that moderated the increase.

The index for all items less food and energy was up 1.6 percent from May 2018 to May 2019. Higher costs for shelter (3.5 percent) led the increase.

The Midwest Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) stood at 238.219 in May 2019. A typical market basket of goods and services that cost $100.00 in the 1982-84 base period cost $238.22 in May 2019.

CPI-W 

In May, the Midwest Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) was 232.396. The CPI-W rose 0.3 percent in May and advanced 1.3 percent over the year.

Table A. Midwest region CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

-0.6 -0.3 0.3 0.8 0.7 2.2 0.6 1.6 0.2 0.8

February

0.3 -0.5 0.0 0.4 0.2 2.4 0.2 1.7 0.7 1.3

March

0.6 -0.9 0.6 0.5 0.1 1.9 0.2 1.8 0.6 1.7

April

0.1 -1.1 0.4 0.8 0.4 1.8 0.4 1.8 0.3 1.5

May

0.4 -0.8 0.4 0.8 0.0 1.4 0.5 2.3 0.3 1.3

June

0.5 -0.7 0.6 0.8 0.0 0.9 0.2 2.5

July

0.0 -0.5 -0.5 0.4 0.0 1.3 0.0 2.4

August

0.0 -0.3 0.1 0.6 0.3 1.5 0.0 2.1

September

-0.3 -0.8 0.2 1.1 0.3 1.5 0.1 1.9

October

-0.1 -0.3 -0.1 1.0 -0.2 1.5 0.1 2.2

November

-0.5 -0.2 -0.3 1.2 0.2 1.9 -0.6 1.4

December

-0.6 0.0 0.1 1.8 -0.2 1.7 -0.4 1.3

The June 2019 Consumer Price Index for the Midwest region is scheduled to be released on Thursday, July 11, 2019.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments–department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch17.pdf.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Midwest region is comprised of Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods, Midwest Region, (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted) (not seasonally adjusted)
Expenditure category Indexes Percent change from
Mar.
2019
Apr.
2019
May
2019
May
2018
Mar.
2019
Apr.
2019

All items

236.793 237.510 238.219 1.3 0.6 0.3

All items (December 1977 = 100)

385.275 386.441 387.596      

Food and beverages

246.618 246.391 247.517 1.5 0.4 0.5

Food

245.913 245.689 246.953 1.5 0.4 0.5

Food at home

227.372 226.719 228.000 0.7 0.3 0.6

Cereals and bakery products

259.057 257.264 259.730 0.1 0.3 1.0

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

246.636 246.965 249.425 0.1 1.1 1.0

Dairy and related products

195.000 194.063 195.331 -0.8 0.2 0.7

Fruits and vegetables

272.508 269.574 273.099 2.0 0.2 1.3

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

165.344 162.936 163.014 2.6 -1.4 0.0

Other food at home

196.992 198.321 197.784 0.2 0.4 -0.3

Food away from home

276.762 277.182 278.434 2.5 0.6 0.5

Alcoholic beverages

254.159 253.893 253.144 1.3 -0.4 -0.3

Housing

231.701 231.999 232.790 2.7 0.5 0.3

Shelter

278.067 278.535 279.672 3.5 0.6 0.4

Rent of primary residence(1)

276.931 277.399 278.085 3.4 0.4 0.2

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(1)(2)

282.211 282.449 283.587 3.6 0.5 0.4

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(1)(2)

282.178 282.416 283.553 3.6 0.5 0.4

Fuels and utilities

218.256 217.617 219.835 -0.7 0.7 1.0

Household energy

175.292 174.666 176.947 -1.8 0.9 1.3

Energy services(1)

181.432 180.802 183.384 -1.8 1.1 1.4

Electricity(1)

196.740 197.879 202.154 -0.8 2.8 2.2

Utility (piped) gas service(1)

145.228 141.802 141.504 -4.1 -2.6 -0.2

Household furnishings and operations

115.904 116.256 115.298 1.2 -0.5 -0.8

Apparel

117.625 115.838 114.920 -3.1 -2.3 -0.8

Transportation

203.171 207.665 207.945 0.2 2.3 0.1

Private transportation

198.350 202.644 202.413 0.1 2.0 -0.1

New and used motor vehicles(3)

98.225 98.142 97.347 0.8 -0.9 -0.8

New vehicles

138.817 138.861 137.761 0.1 -0.8 -0.8

New cars and trucks(3)(4)

98.129 98.155 97.388 0.1 -0.8 -0.8

New cars(4)

134.805 134.809 134.363 0.4 -0.3 -0.3

Used cars and trucks

139.498 139.697 138.123 0.3 -1.0 -1.1

Motor fuel

229.666 250.913 254.253 -1.7 10.7 1.3

Gasoline (all types)

228.058 249.602 252.987 -1.6 10.9 1.4

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

222.025 243.301 246.676 -1.6 11.1 1.4

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

263.142 286.308 288.763 -1.9 9.7 0.9

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

250.871 271.531 274.350 -1.3 9.4 1.0

Motor vehicle insurance(6)

744.816 737.005 731.394 0.1 -1.8 -0.8

Medical care

491.086 487.594 492.063 1.5 0.2 0.9

Medical care commodities

391.406 394.680 391.030 -1.3 -0.1 -0.9

Medical care services

524.491 518.705 525.925 2.3 0.3 1.4

Professional services

419.222 419.222 420.560 0.6 0.3 0.3

Recreation(3)

121.194 120.985 121.203 -0.9 0.0 0.2

Education and communication(3)

137.446 137.404 137.108 -0.3 -0.2 -0.2

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(6)

1,200.553 1,200.610 1,200.659 1.7 0.0 0.0

Other goods and services

431.444 432.934 434.887 2.3 0.8 0.5

Commodity and service group

Commodities

179.531 181.219 181.197 0.1 0.9 0.0

Commodities less food and beverages

147.172 149.505 149.055 -0.7 1.3 -0.3

Nondurables less food and beverages

194.239 199.681 199.757 -1.1 2.8 0.0

Durables

102.280 102.266 101.490 -0.2 -0.8 -0.8

Services

295.863 295.548 297.028 2.2 0.4 0.5

Special aggregate indexes

All items less shelter

224.349 225.158 225.726 0.5 0.6 0.3

All items less medical care

224.755 225.673 226.204 1.3 0.6 0.2

Commodities less food

150.489 152.767 152.308 -0.6 1.2 -0.3

Nondurables

220.064 222.893 223.461 0.2 1.5 0.3

Nondurables less food

197.407 202.524 202.555 -0.9 2.6 0.0

Services less rent of shelter(2)

324.009 322.804 324.691 0.9 0.2 0.6

Services less medical care services

278.811 278.906 279.957 2.1 0.4 0.4

Energy

200.004 209.577 212.344 -1.7 6.2 1.3

All items less energy

243.374 243.197 243.706 1.6 0.1 0.2

All items less food and energy

243.640 243.471 243.848 1.6 0.1 0.2

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(6) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base.

Note: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, June 12, 2019