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17-1661-KAN
Wednesday, December 13, 2017

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Consumer Price Index, Midwest Region – November 2017

Prices in the Midwest up 0.2 percent in November and 1.9 percent higher over the year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) in the Midwest turned up 0.2 percent in November, following a decrease of the same magnitude in the prior month, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Higher costs for gasoline (7.7 percent) led the advance. Overall, energy prices were up 4.3 percent over the month. Food prices were down 0.2 percent in November and the index for all items less food and energy was virtually unchanged (-0.1 percent). (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

The CPI-U for the Midwest advanced 1.9 percent from November 2016 to November 2017. (See chart 1 and table A.) The energy index, which includes motor fuel and household fuels, rose 12.8 percent and food prices increased 1.1 percent. Excluding food and energy, the CPI-U was up 1.1 percent over the year. (See table 1.)

Food

Food prices in the Midwest decreased 0.2 percent in November following a gain of 0.3 percent in October. Costs for food at home were 0.5 percent lower over the month, but prices for food away from home were up 0.2 percent.

From November 2016 to November 2017, the index for food was 1.1 percent higher. Prices for food away from home rose 1.8 percent and prices for food at home were up 0.7 percent.

Energy

The energy index turned up 4.3 percent in November after declining 4.3 percent in the prior month. The advance was largely attributable to a 7.7-percent increase in gasoline prices. Electricity costs rose 1.6 percent in November following declines of 8.5 and 1.2 percent in October and September, respectively. Costs for utility (piped) gas service (-0.1 percent) were virtually unchanged over the month.

Energy costs rose 12.8 percent from November 2016 to November 2017 led by a 25.0-percent increase in gasoline prices. Higher costs for electricity (2.8 percent) and utility (piped) gas service (1.6 percent) also contributed to the increase.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy for the Midwest was little changed in November, down a slight 0.1 percent, due to offsetting movements within the index. Higher costs for shelter (0.2 percent) had the largest upward impact on the November index. Prices for apparel (-3.0 percent), household furnishings and operations (-1.0 percent) and recreation (-0.7 percent) were among those that were down over the month.

The index for all items less food and energy was up 1.1 percent from November 2016 to November 2017. Higher costs for shelter (2.5 percent) led the increase. Among the indexes that registered offsetting movements were new and used motor vehicles (-2.0 percent) and education and communication (-1.9 percent).

The Midwest Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) stood at 231.084 in November 2017. A typical market basket of goods and services that cost $100.00 in the 1982-84 base period cost $231.08 in November 2017.

CPI-W

In November, the Midwest Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) was 225.210. The CPI-W increased 0.3 percent in November and rose 2.1 percent over the year.

Table A. Midwest region CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

0.1 1.3 0.5 1.4 -0.6 -0.3 0.3 0.8 0.7 2.2

February

1.1 2.2 0.6 0.9 0.3 -0.5 0.0 0.4 0.2 2.4

March

0.2 1.4 0.9 1.5 0.6 -0.9 0.6 0.5 0.1 1.9

April

-0.1 1.2 0.3 1.9 0.1 -1.1 0.4 0.8 0.4 1.8

May

0.5 1.8 0.2 1.6 0.4 -0.8 0.4 0.8 0.0 1.4

June

0.3 2.2 0.5 1.7 0.5 -0.7 0.6 0.8 0.0 0.9

July

-0.4 1.8 -0.3 1.8 0.0 -0.5 -0.5 0.4 0.0 1.3

August

0.1 1.2 -0.2 1.6 0.0 -0.3 0.1 0.6 0.3 1.5

September

0.1 1.0 0.1 1.6 -0.3 -0.8 0.2 1.1 0.3 1.5

October

-0.5 0.8 -0.5 1.6 -0.1 -0.3 -0.1 1.0 -0.2 1.5

November

-0.2 1.0 -0.6 1.2 -0.5 -0.2 -0.3 1.2 0.2 1.9

December

-0.2 1.0 -0.7 0.7 -0.6 0.0 0.1 1.8    

The December 2017 Consumer Price Index for the Midwest region is scheduled to be released on Friday, January 12, 2018.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 89 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 28 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 24,000 retail establishments–department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between areas; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Midwest region is comprised of Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

Midwest (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

 
Indexes
 
Percent change from-
Sep.
2017
Oct.
2017
Nov.
2017
Nov.
2016
Sep.
2017
Oct.
2017

Expenditure category

 
 

All Items

231.030 230.660 231.084 1.9 0.0 0.2

All items (December 1977=100)

375.898 375.297 375.987      

Food and beverages

242.352 243.137 242.643 1.2 0.1 -0.2

Food

241.808 242.612 242.006 1.1 0.1 -0.2

Food at home

226.883 227.606 226.388 0.7 -0.2 -0.5

Food away from home

266.908 267.849 268.290 1.8 0.5 0.2

Alcoholic beverages

247.648 248.135 249.271 2.1 0.7 0.5

Housing

223.455 222.389 222.701 2.2 -0.3 0.1

Shelter

264.066 264.438 264.847 2.5 0.3 0.2

Rent of primary residence(1)

263.669 264.525 265.492 3.1 0.7 0.4

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(1)(2)

268.022 268.747 269.506 2.7 0.6 0.3

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)(2)

267.979 268.703 269.462 2.7 0.6 0.3

Fuels and utilities

228.954 218.676 220.900 3.2 -3.5 1.0

Household energy

188.891 178.315 180.422 3.0 -4.5 1.2

Energy services(1)

196.870 185.151 187.097 2.4 -5.0 1.1

Electricity(1)

217.584 198.999 202.150 2.8 -7.1 1.6

Utility (piped) gas service(1)

150.832 151.019 150.883 1.6 0.0 -0.1

Household furnishings and operations

113.046 113.181 112.010 -1.2 -0.9 -1.0

Apparel

120.438 122.206 118.508 -0.1 -1.6 -3.0

Transportation

196.614 195.305 198.648 4.8 1.0 1.7

Private transportation

191.783 190.238 193.768 5.2 1.0 1.9

New and used motor vehicles(3)

95.273 94.597 94.619 -2.0 -0.7 0.0

New vehicles

136.283 135.425 135.939 -2.0 -0.3 0.4

New cars and trucks(3)(4)

96.266 95.671 95.971 -2.2 -0.3 0.3

New cars(4)

132.554 131.640 132.373 -2.0 -0.1 0.6

Used cars and trucks

136.715 135.278 134.252 -3.0 -1.8 -0.8

Motor fuel

225.246 218.769 235.477 24.9 4.5 7.6

Gasoline (all types)

224.023 217.436 234.172 25.0 4.5 7.7

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

218.049 211.413 228.189 25.7 4.7 7.9

Gasoline, Unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

258.803 252.232 267.318 21.8 3.3 6.0

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

246.917 241.312 256.103 19.9 3.7 6.1

Medical Care

478.861 478.733 479.998 0.6 0.2 0.3

Medical care commodities

388.445 386.422 388.850 1.9 0.1 0.6

Medical care services

509.160 509.709 510.553 0.2 0.3 0.2

Professional services

415.589 415.674 416.591 0.8 0.2 0.2

Recreation(3)

122.565 122.531 121.690 2.7 -0.7 -0.7

Education and communication(3)

137.110 137.489 137.609 -1.9 0.4 0.1

Other goods and services

416.205 418.438 418.869 2.1 0.6 0.1
 

Commodity and Service Group

 
 

All Items

231.030 230.660 231.084 1.9 0.0 0.2

Commodities

177.734 177.462 177.879 2.0 0.1 0.2

Commodities less food & beverages

146.417 145.731 146.499 2.5 0.1 0.5

Nondurables less food & beverages

193.642 193.071 195.192 6.3 0.8 1.1

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

241.662 239.590 245.449 8.4 1.6 2.4

Durables

101.408 100.682 100.394 -2.6 -1.0 -0.3

Services

285.978 285.509 285.940 1.9 0.0 0.2

Rent of shelter(2)

271.397 271.784 272.242 2.6 0.3 0.2

Transportation services

303.025 305.915 305.863 1.9 0.9 0.0

Other services

337.322 338.254 337.991 1.2 0.2 -0.1
 

Special aggregate indexes:

 
 

All items less medical care

219.299 218.917 219.301 2.1 0.0 0.2

All items less food

229.155 228.598 229.187 2.1 0.0 0.3

All items less shelter

221.411 220.774 221.207 1.7 -0.1 0.2

Commodities less food

149.586 148.926 149.707 2.4 0.1 0.5

Nondurables

217.704 217.776 218.661 3.5 0.4 0.4

Nondurables less food

196.484 195.972 198.037 6.0 0.8 1.1

Nondurables less food and apparel

240.778 238.941 244.354 7.8 1.5 2.3

Services less rent of shelter(2)

318.538 317.109 317.537 1.4 -0.3 0.1

Services less medical care services

269.332 268.789 269.190 2.2 -0.1 0.1

Energy

205.385 196.531 204.945 12.8 -0.2 4.3

All items less energy

236.430 236.893 236.533 1.1 0.0 -0.2

All items less food and energy

236.172 236.574 236.259 1.1 0.0 -0.1

Commodities less food and energy commodities

143.673 143.634 142.537 -1.1 -0.8 -0.8

Energy commodities

224.265 218.390 234.755 24.5 4.7 7.5

Services less energy services

297.574 298.292 298.567 1.9 0.3 0.1

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
 

Regions defined as the four Census regions. Midwest includes Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.
 

Table 2. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

Midwest (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

 
Indexes
 
Percent change from-
Sep.
2017
Oct.
2017
Nov.
2017
Nov.
2016
Sep.
2017
Oct.
2017

Expenditure category

 
 

All Items

225.026 224.515 225.210 2.1 0.1 0.3

All items (December 1977=100)

363.916 363.091 364.214      

Food and beverages

242.017 242.836 242.131 1.2 0.0 -0.3

Food

241.457 242.305 241.499 1.1 0.0 -0.3

Food at home

227.380 228.190 226.782 0.7 -0.3 -0.6

Food away from home

268.157 269.075 269.519 1.8 0.5 0.2

Alcoholic beverages

249.388 249.722 250.670 1.9 0.5 0.4

Housing

218.549 217.387 217.930 2.3 -0.3 0.2

Shelter

252.777 253.310 253.878 2.6 0.4 0.2

Rent of primary residence(1)

264.349 265.193 266.169 3.1 0.7 0.4

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(1)(2)

249.654 250.329 251.043 2.6 0.6 0.3

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)(2)

249.644 250.318 251.028 2.6 0.6 0.3

Fuels and utilities

230.171 219.594 222.218 3.3 -3.5 1.2

Household energy

189.733 178.918 181.407 3.1 -4.4 1.4

Energy services(1)

196.287 184.290 186.642 2.6 -4.9 1.3

Electricity(1)

215.566 196.962 200.725 3.1 -6.9 1.9

Utility (piped) gas service(1)

151.996 152.279 152.019 1.5 0.0 -0.2

Household furnishings and operations

110.651 110.759 109.533 -1.5 -1.0 -1.1

Apparel

118.967 121.013 117.118 0.6 -1.6 -3.2

Transportation

194.125 192.453 196.199 5.5 1.1 1.9

Private transportation

190.954 189.185 193.036 5.8 1.1 2.0

New and used motor vehicles(3)

94.738 93.973 93.886 -2.1 -0.9 -0.1

New vehicles

139.652 138.740 139.205 -1.7 -0.3 0.3

Used cars and trucks

137.237 135.805 134.770 -3.1 -1.8 -0.8

Motor fuel

225.531 219.318 235.816 24.8 4.6 7.5

Gasoline (all types)

224.201 217.896 234.404 24.9 4.6 7.6

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

218.035 211.709 228.239 25.7 4.7 7.8

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

258.464 252.073 267.111 21.7 3.3 6.0

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

246.499 241.115 255.690 19.8 3.7 6.0

Medical Care

483.706 483.322 484.592 0.4 0.2 0.3

Medical care commodities

378.668 376.551 379.172 1.6 0.1 0.7

Medical care services

516.286 516.523 517.299 0.1 0.2 0.2

Professional services

417.739 417.765 418.548 0.7 0.2 0.2

Recreation(3)

118.023 117.797 117.313 2.6 -0.6 -0.4

Education and communication(3)

127.265 127.597 127.749 -3.1 0.4 0.1

Other goods and services

464.575 467.854 468.578 2.5 0.9 0.2
 

Commodity and Service Group

 
 

All Items

225.026 224.515 225.210 2.1 0.1 0.3

Commodities

180.292 179.907 180.586 2.5 0.2 0.4

Commodities less food & beverages

150.318 149.470 150.674 3.4 0.2 0.8

Nondurables less food & beverages

202.026 201.225 204.650 8.0 1.3 1.7

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

253.096 250.726 258.226 10.0 2.0 3.0

Durables

103.064 102.239 101.762 -2.7 -1.3 -0.5

Services

277.805 277.150 277.876 1.8 0.0 0.3

Rent of shelter(2)

251.181 251.715 252.320 2.6 0.5 0.2

Transportation services

305.315 308.117 308.537 2.1 1.1 0.1

Other services

308.634 309.201 309.521 0.4 0.3 0.1
 

Special aggregate indexes:

 
 

All items less medical care

215.111 214.596 215.268 2.3 0.1 0.3

All items less food

221.643 220.916 221.849 2.3 0.1 0.4

All items less shelter

217.581 216.693 217.440 1.9 -0.1 0.3

Commodities less food

153.288 152.463 153.667 3.3 0.2 0.8

Nondurables

222.422 222.390 223.863 4.3 0.6 0.7

Nondurables less food

204.448 203.704 207.007 7.6 1.3 1.6

Nondurables less food and apparel

251.203 249.053 256.010 9.3 1.9 2.8

Services less rent of shelter(2)

281.089 279.220 280.011 1.1 -0.4 0.3

Services less medical care services

262.030 261.324 262.044 2.1 0.0 0.3

Energy

205.543 196.906 205.879 13.6 0.2 4.6

All items less energy

229.357 229.808 229.525 1.0 0.1 -0.1

All items less food and energy

227.090 227.468 227.281 1.0 0.1 -0.1

Commodities less food and energy commodities

146.242 146.164 145.017 -1.0 -0.8 -0.8

Energy commodities

224.616 218.976 235.080 24.4 4.7 7.4

Services less energy services

288.698 289.419 289.950 1.8 0.4 0.2

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a December 1984=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
 

Regions defined as the four Census regions. Midwest includes Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.
 

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, December 13, 2017