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News Release Information

21-658-KAN
Tuesday, April 13, 2021

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Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (816) 285-7000

Consumer Price Index, Midwest Region – March 2021

Regional prices up 0.7 percent over the past month, up 3.0 percent from a year ago

Prices in the Midwest Region, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), advanced 0.7 percent in March, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See table A.) The March increase was most influenced by higher prices for energy, but an advance in the index for all items less food and energy was another major contributor. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U increased 3.0 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) The index for all items less food and energy rose 1.8 percent over the year. Energy prices surged 17.5 percent, while food prices advanced 2.9 percent. (See table 1.)

Food

Food prices inched up 0.2 percent for the month of March. (See table 1.) Prices for food at home increased 0.2 percent and prices for food away from home edged up 0.1 percent for the same period.

Over the year, food prices advanced 2.9 percent. Prices for food at home advanced 2.7 percent since a year ago and prices for food away from home rose 3.1 percent.

Energy

The energy index rose 5.6 percent over the month. The increase was mainly due to higher prices for gasoline (10.0 percent). Prices for natural gas service advanced 2.7 percent and prices for electricity increased 0.9 percent for the same period.

Energy prices climbed 17.5 percent over the year, the fastest rate of annual increase since February 2017. The largest contributor to the latest advance was higher prices for gasoline (29.8 percent). Prices paid for natural gas service jumped 14.8 percent and prices for electricity increased 2.4 percent during the past year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy advanced 0.4 percent in March. Higher prices for shelter (0.4 percent) and used cars and trucks (2.5 percent) were partially offset by lower prices for new vehicles (-1.5 percent) and apparel (-0.3 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy rose 1.8 percent. Components contributing to the increase included shelter (1.8 percent) and used cars and trucks (9.9 percent). Partly offsetting the increases were price decreases in apparel (-1.2 percent) and medical care commodities (-1.1 percent).

Table A. Midwest region CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

0.7 2.2 0.4 1.6 -0.2 0.8 0.4 2.5 0.5 1.2

February

0.8 2.4 0.9 1.7 0.9 1.3 0.3 2.1 0.8 1.7

March

0.2 1.9 0.4 1.8 1.3 1.7 -0.5 1.0 0.7 3.0

April

0.5 1.8 0.6 1.8 0.9 1.5 -1.1 -0.4

May

0.4 1.4 0.9 2.3 0.6 1.3 0.3 -0.4

June

0.0 0.9 0.7 2.5 0.3 1.2 0.8 0.4

July

0.1 1.3 0.1 2.4 0.2 1.5 0.5 0.7

August

0.3 1.5 -0.1 2.1 0.2 1.5 0.4 1.1

September

0.5 1.5 0.1 1.9 0.0 1.4 0.2 1.3

October

0.1 1.5 0.2 2.2 0.2 1.5 -0.1 1.0

November

0.0 1.9 -0.5 1.4 0.0 1.9 -0.2 1.0

December

0.0 1.7 -0.9 1.3 -0.2 2.3 0.1 1.1

The April 2021 Consumer Price Index for the Midwest Region is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, May 12, 2021.

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic Impact on March 2021 Consumer Price Index Data

Data collection by personal visit for the Consumer Price Index (CPI) program has been suspended since March 16, 2020. When possible, data normally collected by personal visit were collected either online or by phone. Additionally, data collection in March 2021 was affected by the temporary closing or limited operations of certain types of establishments. These factors resulted in an increase in the number of prices considered temporarily unavailable and imputed. While the CPI program attempted to collect as much data as possible, many indexes are based on smaller amounts of collected prices than usual, and a small number of indexes that are normally published were not published this month. Additional information is available at www.bls.gov/covid19/effects-of-covid-19-pandemic-on-consumer-price-index.htm.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total U.S. population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total U.S. population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date; for most of the CPI-U the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. An increase of 7 percent from the reference base, for example, is shown as 107.000.  Alternatively, that relationship can also be expressed as the price of a base period market basket of goods and services rising from $100 to $107. For further details see the CPI home page on the internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the CPI section of the BLS Handbook of Methods available on the internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/cpi/.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Midwest region is comprised of Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.

Information in this release will be made available to individuals with sensory impairments upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods, Midwest Region, (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted) (not seasonally adjusted)
Expenditure category Indexes Percent change from
Jan.
2021
Feb.
2021
Mar.
2021
Mar.
2020
Jan.
2021
Feb.
2021

All items

242.552 244.477 246.246 3.0 1.5 0.7

All items (December 1977 = 100)

394.646 397.778 400.657      

Food and beverages

257.301 257.637 257.839 2.7 0.2 0.1

Food

256.795 257.124 257.522 2.9 0.3 0.2

Food at home

235.377 235.863 236.421 2.7 0.4 0.2

Cereals and bakery products

267.438 267.373 266.884 1.1 -0.2 -0.2

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

257.090 256.395 258.463 3.4 0.5 0.8

Dairy and related products

207.921 209.923 208.663 1.7 0.4 -0.6

Fruits and vegetables

276.447 275.627 277.436 4.2 0.4 0.7

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

171.316 172.824 172.645 2.7 0.8 -0.1

Other food at home

203.284 204.089 204.534 2.3 0.6 0.2

Food away from home

292.106 292.202 292.365 3.1 0.1 0.1

Alcoholic beverages

262.158 262.583 260.342 1.3 -0.7 -0.9

Housing

239.842 241.060 242.209 2.5 1.0 0.5

Shelter

288.325 289.397 290.464 1.8 0.7 0.4

Rent of primary residence(1)

291.192 291.968 292.777 2.5 0.5 0.3

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(1)(2)

295.569 296.561 297.566 2.3 0.7 0.3

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(1)(2)

295.500 296.488 297.487 2.3 0.7 0.3

Fuels and utilities

226.692 228.685 231.207 6.0 2.0 1.1

Household energy

181.173 183.021 185.415 6.9 2.3 1.3

Energy services(1)

187.310 188.415 191.221 6.2 2.1 1.5

Electricity(1)

200.108 200.245 201.986 2.4 0.9 0.9

Utility (piped) gas service(1)

154.708 157.272 161.579 14.8 4.4 2.7

Household furnishings and operations

118.128 119.297 119.950 3.5 1.5 0.5

Apparel

110.662 113.360 113.075 -1.2 2.2 -0.3

Transportation

197.506 202.003 208.068 6.9 5.3 3.0

Private transportation

196.023 200.386 206.586 7.9 5.4 3.1

New and used motor vehicles(3)

100.171 100.404 101.170 3.2 1.0 0.8

New vehicles

140.973 141.160 139.018 0.9 -1.4 -1.5

New cars and trucks(3)(4)

99.656 99.789 98.291 0.9 -1.4 -1.5

New cars(4)

139.985 139.773 137.104 0.7 -2.1 -1.9

Used cars and trucks

149.311 149.743 153.483 9.9 2.8 2.5

Motor fuel

206.097 223.779 246.035 29.3 19.4 9.9

Gasoline (all types)

204.864 222.543 244.693 29.8 19.4 10.0

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

198.913 216.461 238.331 30.6 19.8 10.1

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

242.235 261.041 284.381 26.0 17.4 8.9

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

230.203 245.420 266.566 21.5 15.8 8.6

Motor vehicle insurance(6)

713.866 730.531 742.993 -1.5 4.1 1.7

Medical care

523.287 525.867 525.593 2.3 0.4 -0.1

Medical care commodities

377.966 376.372 374.872 -1.8 -0.8 -0.4

Medical care services

571.651 575.568 575.682 3.2 0.7 0.0

Professional services

431.850 439.955 440.347 3.4 2.0 0.1

Recreation(3)

124.181 125.616 125.974 1.9 1.4 0.3

Education and communication(3)

140.919 141.211 141.141 1.6 0.2 0.0

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(6)

1,219.653 1,219.762 1,220.956 1.9 0.1 0.1

Other goods and services

446.740 447.000 451.954 1.3 1.2 1.1

Commodity and service group

Commodities

181.384 183.356 185.171 4.4 2.1 1.0

Commodities less food and beverages

145.709 148.184 150.500 5.5 3.3 1.6

Nondurables less food and beverages

186.423 191.771 196.798 7.2 5.6 2.6

Durables

104.780 105.265 105.705 3.6 0.9 0.4

Services

305.728 307.558 309.237 2.0 1.1 0.5

Special aggregate indexes

All items less shelter

228.606 230.823 232.834 3.4 1.8 0.9

All items less medical care

229.245 231.141 233.014 3.0 1.6 0.8

Commodities less food

149.265 151.695 153.899 5.3 3.1 1.5

Nondurables

220.970 223.955 226.707 4.7 2.6 1.2

Nondurables less food

190.578 195.601 200.157 6.7 5.0 2.3

Services less rent of shelter(2)

333.549 336.234 338.579 2.1 1.5 0.7

Services less medical care services

285.794 287.465 289.278 1.8 1.2 0.6

Energy

192.598 201.571 212.902 17.5 10.5 5.6

All items less energy

250.456 251.755 252.663 2.0 0.9 0.4

All items less food and energy

250.069 251.544 252.546 1.8 1.0 0.4

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(6) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base.

Note: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

 

Last Modified Date: Tuesday, April 13, 2021