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News Release Information

20-55-KAN
Tuesday, January 14, 2020

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Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (816) 285-7000

Consumer Price Index, Midwest Region – December 2019

Area prices were unchanged over the past month, up 2.3 percent from a year ago

Prices in the Midwest Region, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), were unchanged in December, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See table A.) Food prices were little changed (0.1 percent), while prices for energy increased 0.4 percent. Prices for all items less food and energy were down a slight 0.1 percent. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U advanced 2.3 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) The index for all items less food and energy rose 2.0 percent over the year. Energy prices advanced 5.6 percent, largely the result of higher prices for gasoline. Food prices were up 1.9 percent. (See table 1.)

Food

Food prices crept up 0.1 percent for the month of December. (See table 1.) Prices for food at home were little changed (-0.1 percent), and prices for food away from home rose 0.3 percent for the same period.

Over the year, food prices advanced 1.9 percent. Prices for food at home rose 1.1 percent, and prices for food away from home were 2.8 percent higher than a year ago.

Energy

The energy index increased 0.4 percent over the month led by higher prices for gasoline (0.8 percent). Prices for natural gas service advanced 0.7 percent, but prices for electricity declined 0.6 percent.

Energy prices advanced 5.6 percent over the year, largely due to higher prices for gasoline (14.7 percent). Prices paid for electricity decreased 0.5 percent, and prices for natural gas service declined 8.1 percent over the past year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy crept down 0.1 percent in December. Lower prices for apparel (-4.0 percent) and medical care services (-0.5 percent) were partially offset by higher prices for shelter (0.4 percent) and new vehicles (0.7 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy rose 2.0 percent. Components contributing to the increase included medical care services (5.1 percent) and shelter (3.2 percent).

CPI-W 

In December, the Midwest Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) was 232.645.  The CPI-W was unchanged in December, and advanced 2.5 percent over the year.

Table A. Midwest region CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

-0.6 -0.3 0.3 0.8 0.7 2.2 0.6 1.6 0.2 0.8

February

0.3 -0.5 0.0 0.4 0.2 2.4 0.2 1.7 0.7 1.3

March

0.6 -0.9 0.6 0.5 0.1 1.9 0.2 1.8 0.6 1.7

April

0.1 -1.1 0.4 0.8 0.4 1.8 0.4 1.8 0.3 1.5

May

0.4 -0.8 0.4 0.8 0.0 1.4 0.5 2.3 0.3 1.3

June

0.5 -0.7 0.6 0.8 0.0 0.9 0.2 2.5 0.0 1.2

July

0.0 -0.5 -0.5 0.4 0.0 1.3 0.0 2.4 0.2 1.5

August

0.0 -0.3 0.1 0.6 0.3 1.5 0.0 2.1 0.0 1.5

September

-0.3 -0.8 0.2 1.1 0.3 1.5 0.1 1.9 0.0 1.4

October

-0.1 -0.3 -0.1 1.0 -0.2 1.5 0.1 2.2 0.2 1.5

November

-0.5 -0.2 -0.3 1.2 0.2 1.9 -0.6 1.4 -0.2 1.9

December

-0.6 0.0 0.1 1.8 -0.2 1.7 -0.4 1.3 0.0 2.3

The January 2020 Consumer Price Index for the Midwest Region is scheduled to be released on February 13, 2020.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments–department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch17.pdf.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Midwest region is comprised of Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods, Midwest Region, (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted) (not seasonally adjusted)
Expenditure category Indexes Percent change from
Oct.
2019
Nov.
2019
Dec.
2019
Dec.
2018
Oct.
2019
Nov.
2019

All items

239.243 238.850 238.734 2.3 -0.2 0.0

All items (December 1977 = 100)

389.262 388.623 388.433      

Food and beverages

248.488 248.594 248.802 1.8 0.1 0.1

Food

247.914 248.037 248.223 1.9 0.1 0.1

Food at home

227.603 227.343 227.074 1.1 -0.2 -0.1

Cereals and bakery products

257.550 257.379 255.745 -0.2 -0.7 -0.6

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

247.329 247.506 250.039 3.5 1.1 1.0

Dairy and related products

197.387 199.956 200.690 4.6 1.7 0.4

Fruits and vegetables

269.741 267.102 266.927 -1.5 -1.0 -0.1

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

163.292 163.499 163.199 1.5 -0.1 -0.2

Other food at home

199.352 198.624 196.659 0.3 -1.4 -1.0

Food away from home

281.449 282.151 283.025 2.8 0.6 0.3

Alcoholic beverages

254.243 254.112 254.606 0.5 0.1 0.2

Housing

234.522 234.223 234.889 2.3 0.2 0.3

Shelter

281.992 281.961 283.184 3.2 0.4 0.4

Rent of primary residence(1)

281.400 282.272 283.508 3.1 0.7 0.4

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(1)(2)

287.080 287.810 288.794 3.1 0.6 0.3

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(1)(2)

287.017 287.753 288.732 3.1 0.6 0.3

Fuels and utilities

219.584 218.851 218.912 -1.7 -0.3 0.0

Household energy

176.264 175.396 175.374 -2.8 -0.5 0.0

Energy services(1)

182.938 181.746 181.397 -3.1 -0.8 -0.2

Electricity(1)

201.494 197.018 195.839 -0.5 -2.8 -0.6

Utility (piped) gas service(1)

141.429 145.580 146.584 -8.1 3.6 0.7

Household furnishings and operations

116.537 115.714 115.164 0.8 -1.2 -0.5

Apparel

120.115 116.404 111.711 -1.4 -7.0 -4.0

Transportation

202.633 201.087 200.968 3.1 -0.8 -0.1

Private transportation

197.746 196.275 196.613 3.2 -0.6 0.2

New and used motor vehicles(3)

96.739 96.757 96.680 -0.8 -0.1 -0.1

New vehicles

135.844 137.122 138.099 1.0 1.7 0.7

New cars and trucks(3)(4)

96.048 96.939 97.634 1.0 1.7 0.7

New cars(4)

132.311 133.498 134.600 0.6 1.7 0.8

Used cars and trucks

137.544 136.124 135.959 -0.6 -1.2 -0.1

Motor fuel

231.591 225.226 226.932 14.3 -2.0 0.8

Gasoline (all types)

230.121 223.631 225.330 14.7 -2.1 0.8

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

223.747 217.335 219.041 15.0 -2.1 0.8

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

268.140 261.727 262.622 15.0 -2.1 0.3

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

256.188 249.865 251.566 11.2 -1.8 0.7

Motor vehicle insurance(6)

743.115 740.197 738.741 0.0 -0.6 -0.2

Medical care

508.101 507.577 505.493 3.6 -0.5 -0.4

Medical care commodities

389.667 387.962 387.320 -2.0 -0.6 -0.2

Medical care services

547.856 547.734 545.161 5.1 -0.5 -0.5

Professional services

421.441 422.292 422.628 1.4 0.3 0.1

Recreation(3)

121.512 122.834 123.028 2.0 1.2 0.2

Education and communication(3)

137.766 138.572 138.550 0.8 0.6 0.0

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(6)

1,206.345 1,203.735 1,198.388 0.1 -0.7 -0.4

Other goods and services

439.682 441.087 439.894 2.4 0.0 -0.3

Commodity and service group

Commodities

180.109 179.046 178.697 2.0 -0.8 -0.2

Commodities less food and beverages

147.244 145.789 145.246 2.2 -1.4 -0.4

Nondurables less food and beverages

196.026 192.755 191.477 3.9 -2.3 -0.7

Durables

101.160 101.082 101.094 0.0 -0.1 0.0

Services

300.279 300.597 300.727 2.4 0.1 0.0

Special aggregate indexes

All items less shelter

226.309 225.788 225.207 1.9 -0.5 -0.3

All items less medical care

226.514 226.127 226.104 2.1 -0.2 0.0

Commodities less food

150.562 149.133 148.614 2.1 -1.3 -0.3

Nondurables

221.902 220.187 219.594 2.8 -1.0 -0.3

Nondurables less food

199.097 196.005 194.827 3.7 -2.1 -0.6

Services less rent of shelter(2)

329.041 329.750 328.666 1.6 -0.1 -0.3

Services less medical care services

281.810 282.161 282.494 2.0 0.2 0.1

Energy

201.417 197.989 198.773 5.6 -1.3 0.4

All items less energy

245.960 245.871 245.661 2.0 -0.1 -0.1

All items less food and energy

246.337 246.210 245.930 2.0 -0.2 -0.1

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(6) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base.

Note: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

 

Last Modified Date: Tuesday, January 14, 2020