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Wednesday, April 10, 2019

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Consumer Price Index, Midwest Region – March 2019

Prices in the Midwest up 0.6 percent in March and 1.7 percent higher over the year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) in the Midwest rose 0.6 percent in March following a gain of 0.7 percent in the prior month, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. The March movement was influenced by higher prices for gasoline and shelter.  Overall, energy costs were up 5.6 percent, while prices for food decreased 0.2 percent. The index for all items less food and energy increased 0.2 percent after gaining 0.4 percent in each of the prior two months. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

The CPI-U for the Midwest rose 1.7 percent over the latest 12 months. (See chart 1 and table A.) The energy index, which includes motor fuel and household fuels, declined 0.5 percent. Food prices increased 1.4 percent.  The index for all items less food and energy was up 1.9 percent from March 2018 to March 2019. (See table 1.)

Chart 1. Over-the-year percent change in CPI-U, Midwest Region, March 2016-March2019

Food

Food prices in the Midwest were down 0.2 percent from February led by a 0.4-percent decrease in prices for food at home. Prices for food away from home crept up 0.1 percent over the month and did little to moderate the decrease.

From March 2018 to March 2019, the index for food advanced 1.4 percent. Costs for food away from home were up 2.4 percent and prices for food at home were 0.6 percent higher over the year.

Energy

The energy index continued to increase for the second month in a row up 5.6 percent in March after increasing 3.6 percent in the prior month. The monthly gain reflected a 12.0-percent increase in prices for gasoline. Lower prices for utility (piped) gas service (-1.8 percent) and electricity (-0.3 percent) helped to moderate the increase.

Energy costs decreased 0.5 percent since March 2018 due to declines of 3.3 percent in prices for utility (piped) gas service and 1.2 percent in electricity. Gasoline prices were up 0.7 percent from a year ago.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy for the Midwest increased 0.2 percent following two consecutive monthly increases of 0.4 percent. Among the expenditure categories that registered higher costs were shelter (0.5 percent), new vehicles (1.2 percent) and used cars and trucks (1.0 percent), while prices for apparel (-0.8 percent) and education and communication (-0.3 percent) were among those that declined over the month.

The index for all items less food and energy was up 1.9 percent from March 2018 to March 2019. Higher costs for shelter (3.6 percent) and medical care services (2.4 percent) were among those that contributed to the increase.

The Midwest Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) stood at 236.793 in March 2019. A typical market basket of goods and services that cost $100.00 in the 1982-84 base period cost $236.79 in March 2019.

CPI-W 

In March, the Midwest Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) was 230.728. The CPI-W rose 0.7 percent in March and advanced 1.6 percent over the year.

Table A. Midwest region CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

-0.6 -0.3 0.3 0.8 0.7 2.2 0.6 1.6 0.2 0.8

February

0.3 -0.5 0.0 0.4 0.2 2.4 0.2 1.7 0.7 1.3

March

0.6 -0.9 0.6 0.5 0.1 1.9 0.2 1.8 0.6 1.7

April

0.1 -1.1 0.4 0.8 0.4 1.8 0.4 1.8

May

0.4 -0.8 0.4 0.8 0.0 1.4 0.5 2.3

June

0.5 -0.7 0.6 0.8 0.0 0.9 0.2 2.5

July

0.0 -0.5 -0.5 0.4 0.0 1.3 0.0 2.4

August

0.0 -0.3 0.1 0.6 0.3 1.5 0.0 2.1

September

-0.3 -0.8 0.2 1.1 0.3 1.5 0.1 1.9

October

-0.1 -0.3 -0.1 1.0 -0.2 1.5 0.1 2.2

November

-0.5 -0.2 -0.3 1.2 0.2 1.9 -0.6 1.4

December

-0.6 0.0 0.1 1.8 -0.2 1.7 -0.4 1.3

The April 2019 Consumer Price Index for the Midwest region is scheduled to be released on Friday, May 10, 2019.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 5,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments–department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch17.pdf.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Midwest region is comprised of Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods, Midwest Region, (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted) (not seasonally adjusted)
Expenditure category Indexes Percent change from
Jan.
2019
Feb.
2019
Mar.
2019
Mar.
2018
Jan.
2019
Feb.
2019

All items

233.837 235.444 236.793 1.7 1.3 0.6

All items (December 1977 = 100)

380.466 383.081 385.275      

Food and beverages

245.739 247.108 246.618 1.4 0.4 -0.2

Food

245.015 246.428 245.913 1.4 0.4 -0.2

Food at home

226.291 228.347 227.372 0.6 0.5 -0.4

Cereals and bakery products

257.690 260.329 259.057 -0.1 0.5 -0.5

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

244.643 246.053 246.636 0.1 0.8 0.2

Dairy and related products

192.236 193.663 195.000 -1.2 1.4 0.7

Fruits and vegetables

275.248 276.639 272.508 2.6 -1.0 -1.5

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

162.378 166.935 165.344 3.3 1.8 -1.0

Other food at home

196.556 197.804 196.992 -0.2 0.2 -0.4

Food away from home

276.128 276.590 276.762 2.4 0.2 0.1

Alcoholic beverages

253.559 254.311 254.159 1.1 0.2 -0.1

Housing

230.194 230.869 231.701 2.9 0.7 0.4

Shelter

275.220 276.593 278.067 3.6 1.0 0.5

Rent of primary residence(1)

275.503 276.056 276.931 3.3 0.5 0.3

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(1)(2)

280.742 281.362 282.211 3.6 0.5 0.3

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(1)(2)

280.704 281.322 282.178 3.6 0.5 0.3

Fuels and utilities

222.229 219.218 218.256 -0.6 -1.8 -0.4

Household energy

179.773 176.604 175.292 -1.8 -2.5 -0.7

Energy services(1)

186.445 182.861 181.432 -1.9 -2.7 -0.8

Electricity(1)

198.814 197.345 196.740 -1.2 -1.0 -0.3

Utility (piped) gas service(1)

154.629 147.886 145.228 -3.3 -6.1 -1.8

Household furnishings and operations

115.068 115.854 115.904 1.5 0.7 0.0

Apparel

114.788 118.579 117.625 -2.1 2.5 -0.8

Transportation

192.640 197.175 203.171 1.1 5.5 3.0

Private transportation

187.855 192.290 198.350 1.2 5.6 3.2

New and used motor vehicles(3)

97.115 97.417 98.225 1.3 1.1 0.8

New vehicles

136.017 137.174 138.817 1.4 2.1 1.2

New cars and trucks(3)(4)

96.191 97.025 98.129 1.5 2.0 1.1

New cars(4)

133.167 133.619 134.805 1.4 1.2 0.9

Used cars and trucks

137.526 138.090 139.498 -0.1 1.4 1.0

Motor fuel

187.852 205.451 229.666 0.7 22.3 11.8

Gasoline (all types)

185.866 203.708 228.058 0.7 22.7 12.0

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

180.076 197.880 222.025 0.7 23.3 12.2

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

218.404 236.046 263.142 0.9 20.5 11.5

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

214.908 229.206 250.871 0.4 16.7 9.5

Motor vehicle insurance(6)

739.537 746.614 744.816 0.9 0.7 -0.2

Medical care

492.369 491.532 491.086 1.8 -0.3 -0.1

Medical care commodities

398.544 390.920 391.406 -0.4 -1.8 0.1

Medical care services

523.785 525.252 524.491 2.4 0.1 -0.1

Professional services

420.993 421.478 419.222 0.5 -0.4 -0.5

Recreation(3)

121.229 121.032 121.194 -0.8 0.0 0.1

Education and communication(3)

137.834 137.823 137.446 0.0 -0.3 -0.3

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(6)

1,199.645 1,200.651 1,200.553 1.8 0.1 0.0

Other goods and services

428.893 431.938 431.444 3.1 0.6 -0.1

Commodity and service group

Commodities

175.182 177.477 179.531 0.5 2.5 1.2

Commodities less food and beverages

141.707 144.252 147.172 -0.1 3.9 2.0

Nondurables less food and beverages

183.000 188.364 194.239 -0.4 6.1 3.1

Durables

101.268 101.650 102.280 0.3 1.0 0.6

Services

294.400 295.269 295.863 2.4 0.5 0.2

Special aggregate indexes

All items less shelter

221.334 223.034 224.349 0.8 1.4 0.6

All items less medical care

221.598 223.321 224.755 1.6 1.4 0.6

Commodities less food

145.122 147.634 150.489 0.0 3.7 1.9

Nondurables

213.590 217.123 220.064 0.5 3.0 1.4

Nondurables less food

186.773 191.874 197.407 -0.3 5.7 2.9

Services less rent of shelter(2)

324.074 324.391 324.009 1.3 0.0 -0.1

Services less medical care services

277.291 278.116 278.811 2.4 0.5 0.2

Energy

182.886 189.411 200.004 -0.5 9.4 5.6

All items less energy

241.825 242.951 243.374 1.8 0.6 0.2

All items less food and energy

241.972 243.049 243.640 1.9 0.7 0.2

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(6) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base.

Note: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, April 10, 2019