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17-1399-KAN
Friday, October 13, 2017

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Consumer Price Index, Midwest Region – September 2017

Prices in the Midwest up 0.3 percent in September and 1.5 percent higher over the year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) in the Midwest was up 0.3 percent in September, following an increase of the same magnitude in the prior month, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Higher costs for gasoline, shelter, and apparel had the largest upward impact on the index, while lower prices for medical care commodities and new and used motor vehicles had the largest offsetting downward movements. The all items less food and energy index was virtually unchanged in September. Energy costs increased 2.1 percent and food prices rose 0.2 percent. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

The CPI-U for the Midwest rose 1.5 percent from September 2016 to September 2017. (See chart 1 and table A.) The energy index, which includes motor fuel and household fuels, rose 7.2 percent and food prices increased 0.8 percent. Excluding food and energy, the CPI-U advanced 1.1 percent over the year. (See table 1.)

 

Food

Food prices in the Midwest rose more slowly in September, 0.2 percent, compared to their 0.5-percent rise in August. Costs for food away from home were up 0.3 percent and prices for food at home were little changed (0.1 percent) over the month.

From September 2016 to September 2017, the index for food was 0.8 percent higher, primarily attributable to an increase of 1.6 percent in costs for food away from home. Prices for food at home were up 0.4 percent over the year.

Energy

The energy index advanced 2.1 percent in September following an increase of 1.9 percent in August. A 5.6-percent increase in gasoline prices was largely responsible for the rise. Electricity costs decreased 1.2 percent and utility (piped) gas service costs declined 0.7 percent moderating the overall rise in the energy index.

Energy costs rose 7.2 percent from September 2016 to September 2017 led by a 12.5-percent increase in gasoline prices.  Higher costs for utility (piped) gas service (3.2 percent) and electricity (2.1 percent) also contributed to the increase.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy for the Midwest was virtually unchanged, up a slight 0.1 percent, for the third consecutive month. Increases in the indexes for apparel (2.5 percent) and owners’ equivalent rent of residences (0.3 percent) had the largest upward impact on the September index. Costs for medical care commodities (-3.1 percent), new and used motor vehicles (-0.9 percent), and recreation (-0.5 percent) were among those that were down over the month.

The index for all items less food and energy was up 1.1 percent from September 2016 to September 2017. Higher costs for shelter (2.4 percent) led the increase. Among the indexes that registered offsetting movements were education and communication (-2.5 percent) and new and used motor vehicles (-2.5 percent).

The Midwest Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) stood at 231.030 in September 2017. A typical market basket of goods and services that cost $100.00 in the 1982-84 base period cost $231.03 in September 2017.

CPI-W

In September, the Midwest Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) was 225.026. The CPI-W increased 0.3 percent in September and 1.5 percent over the year.

Table A. Midwest region CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

0.1 1.3 0.5 1.4 -0.6 -0.3 0.3 0.8 0.7 2.2

February

1.1 2.2 0.6 0.9 0.3 -0.5 0.0 0.4 0.2 2.4

March

0.2 1.4 0.9 1.5 0.6 -0.9 0.6 0.5 0.1 1.9

April

-0.1 1.2 0.3 1.9 0.1 -1.1 0.4 0.8 0.4 1.8

May

0.5 1.8 0.2 1.6 0.4 -0.8 0.4 0.8 0.0 1.4

June

0.3 2.2 0.5 1.7 0.5 -0.7 0.6 0.8 0.0 0.9

July

-0.4 1.8 -0.3 1.8 0.0 -0.5 -0.5 0.4 0.0 1.3

August

0.1 1.2 -0.2 1.6 0.0 -0.3 0.1 0.6 0.3 1.5

September

0.1 1.0 0.1 1.6 -0.3 -0.8 0.2 1.1 0.3 1.5

October

-0.5 0.8 -0.5 1.6 -0.1 -0.3 -0.1 1.0    

November

-0.2 1.0 -0.6 1.2 -0.5 -0.2 -0.3 1.2    

December

-0.2 1.0 -0.7 0.7 -0.6 0.0 0.1 1.8    

The October 2017 Consumer Price Index for the Midwest region is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, November 15, 2017.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 89 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 28 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 24,000 retail establishments–department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between areas; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Midwest region is comprised of Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

Midwest (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

 
Indexes
 
Percent change from-
Jul.
2017
Aug.
2017
Sep.
2017
Sep.
2016
Jul.
2017
Aug.
2017

Expenditure category

 
 

All Items

229.820 230.443 231.030 1.5 0.5 0.3

All items (December 1977=100)

373.930 374.943 375.898      

Food and beverages

240.794 241.870 242.352 0.9 0.6 0.2

Food

240.237 241.352 241.808 0.8 0.7 0.2

Food at home

225.959 226.561 226.883 0.4 0.4 0.1

Food away from home

264.233 266.222 266.908 1.6 1.0 0.3

Alcoholic beverages

246.288 246.791 247.648 1.4 0.6 0.3

Housing

222.809 222.978 223.455 2.1 0.3 0.2

Shelter

262.779 263.051 264.066 2.4 0.5 0.4

Rent of primary residence(1)

262.237 262.826 263.669 2.9 0.5 0.3

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(1)(2)

266.601 267.110 268.022 2.6 0.5 0.3

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)(2)

266.561 267.071 267.979 2.6 0.5 0.3

Fuels and utilities

230.362 230.385 228.954 3.0 -0.6 -0.6

Household energy

190.630 190.462 188.891 2.8 -0.9 -0.8

Energy services(1)

199.320 198.993 196.870 2.4 -1.2 -1.1

Electricity(1)

220.116 220.293 217.584 2.1 -1.2 -1.2

Utility (piped) gas service(1)

152.995 151.868 150.832 3.2 -1.4 -0.7

Household furnishings and operations

113.055 113.015 113.046 -0.7 0.0 0.0

Apparel

115.604 117.480 120.438 1.3 4.2 2.5

Transportation

193.971 194.846 196.614 2.2 1.4 0.9

Private transportation

188.556 189.987 191.783 2.6 1.7 0.9

New and used motor vehicles(3)

96.767 96.146 95.273 -2.5 -1.5 -0.9

New vehicles

137.862 137.058 136.283 -1.5 -1.1 -0.6

New cars and trucks(3)(4)

97.375 96.799 96.266 -1.6 -1.1 -0.6

New cars(4)

134.005 133.125 132.554 -1.3 -1.1 -0.4

Used cars and trucks

139.402 139.009 136.715 -4.5 -1.9 -1.7

Motor fuel

204.436 213.316 225.246 12.6 10.2 5.6

Gasoline (all types)

203.342 212.206 224.023 12.5 10.2 5.6

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

197.415 206.236 218.049 12.7 10.5 5.7

Gasoline, Unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

237.253 248.507 258.803 12.1 9.1 4.1

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

228.369 235.659 246.917 11.0 8.1 4.8

Medical Care

482.591 483.167 478.861 0.9 -0.8 -0.9

Medical care commodities

401.125 401.076 388.445 0.7 -3.2 -3.1

Medical care services

509.682 510.477 509.160 0.9 -0.1 -0.3

Professional services

415.702 415.458 415.589 1.9 0.0 0.0

Recreation(3)

122.812 123.120 122.565 3.0 -0.2 -0.5

Education and communication(3)

136.245 136.534 137.110 -2.5 0.6 0.4

Other goods and services

415.468 416.243 416.205 1.4 0.2 0.0
 

Commodity and Service Group

 
 

All Items

229.820 230.443 231.030 1.5 0.5 0.3

Commodities

175.796 176.856 177.734 0.9 1.1 0.5

Commodities less food & beverages

144.388 145.408 146.417 0.9 1.4 0.7

Nondurables less food & beverages

187.425 190.235 193.642 3.6 3.3 1.8

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

234.523 237.948 241.662 4.4 3.0 1.6

Durables

102.624 102.247 101.408 -2.7 -1.2 -0.8

Services

285.509 285.686 285.978 1.9 0.2 0.1

Rent of shelter(2)

270.044 270.338 271.397 2.4 0.5 0.4

Transportation services

305.039 302.705 303.025 1.7 -0.7 0.1

Other services

336.111 337.278 337.322 0.8 0.4 0.0
 

Special aggregate indexes:

 
 

All items less medical care

217.854 218.478 219.299 1.6 0.7 0.4

All items less food

228.004 228.548 229.155 1.6 0.5 0.3

All items less shelter

220.218 220.971 221.411 1.1 0.5 0.2

Commodities less food

147.565 148.576 149.586 0.9 1.4 0.7

Nondurables

213.679 215.676 217.704 2.1 1.9 0.9

Nondurables less food

190.540 193.221 196.484 3.5 3.1 1.7

Nondurables less food and apparel

234.185 237.336 240.778 4.1 2.8 1.5

Services less rent of shelter(2)

319.003 319.064 318.538 1.4 -0.1 -0.2

Services less medical care services

268.792 268.924 269.332 2.0 0.2 0.2

Energy

197.405 201.139 205.385 7.2 4.0 2.1

All items less energy

235.873 236.196 236.430 1.0 0.2 0.1

All items less food and energy

235.798 235.978 236.172 1.1 0.2 0.1

Commodities less food and energy commodities

143.863 143.966 143.673 -1.0 -0.1 -0.2

Energy commodities

203.703 212.363 224.265 12.6 10.1 5.6

Services less energy services

296.793 297.025 297.574 1.8 0.3 0.2

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
 

Regions defined as the four Census regions. Midwest includes Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.
 

Table 2. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

Midwest (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

 
Indexes
 
Percent change from-
Jul.
2017
Aug.
2017
Sep.
2017
Sep.
2016
Jul.
2017
Aug.
2017

Expenditure category

 
 

All Items

223.626 224.366 225.026 1.5 0.6 0.3

All items (December 1977=100)

361.653 362.849 363.916      

Food and beverages

240.513 241.636 242.017 0.8 0.6 0.2

Food

239.935 241.079 241.457 0.8 0.6 0.2

Food at home

226.444 227.172 227.380 0.3 0.4 0.1

Food away from home

265.439 267.430 268.157 1.6 1.0 0.3

Alcoholic beverages

248.192 248.947 249.388 1.5 0.5 0.2

Housing

217.881 218.139 218.549 2.2 0.3 0.2

Shelter

251.497 251.896 252.777 2.5 0.5 0.3

Rent of primary residence(1)

262.895 263.497 264.349 2.9 0.6 0.3

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(1)(2)

248.337 248.822 249.654 2.5 0.5 0.3

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)(2)

248.326 248.813 249.644 2.5 0.5 0.3

Fuels and utilities

231.512 231.522 230.171 3.0 -0.6 -0.6

Household energy

191.364 191.207 189.733 2.8 -0.9 -0.8

Energy services(1)

198.680 198.372 196.287 2.4 -1.2 -1.1

Electricity(1)

217.862 218.128 215.566 2.3 -1.1 -1.2

Utility (piped) gas service(1)

154.433 153.131 151.996 2.8 -1.6 -0.7

Household furnishings and operations

110.536 110.500 110.651 -1.2 0.1 0.1

Apparel

114.080 115.460 118.967 2.2 4.3 3.0

Transportation

190.617 192.159 194.125 2.4 1.8 1.0

Private transportation

187.225 188.974 190.954 2.5 2.0 1.0

New and used motor vehicles(3)

96.251 95.753 94.738 -3.0 -1.6 -1.1

New vehicles

140.861 140.273 139.652 -1.3 -0.9 -0.4

Used cars and trucks

139.916 139.530 137.237 -4.5 -1.9 -1.6

Motor fuel

204.709 213.650 225.531 12.4 10.2 5.6

Gasoline (all types)

203.524 212.444 224.201 12.4 10.2 5.5

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

197.433 206.300 218.035 12.6 10.4 5.7

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

237.051 248.312 258.464 12.0 9.0 4.1

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

227.986 235.266 246.499 10.9 8.1 4.8

Medical Care

488.132 488.861 483.706 0.7 -0.9 -1.1

Medical care commodities

392.829 393.256 378.668 0.1 -3.6 -3.7

Medical care services

517.196 518.024 516.286 0.8 -0.2 -0.3

Professional services

417.962 417.607 417.739 1.9 -0.1 0.0

Recreation(3)

117.935 118.213 118.023 2.9 0.1 -0.2

Education and communication(3)

126.707 126.865 127.265 -3.7 0.4 0.3

Other goods and services

464.842 464.652 464.575 1.5 -0.1 0.0
 

Commodity and Service Group

 
 

All Items

223.626 224.366 225.026 1.5 0.6 0.3

Commodities

178.061 179.236 180.292 1.1 1.3 0.6

Commodities less food & beverages

147.871 149.030 150.318 1.2 1.7 0.9

Nondurables less food & beverages

194.725 197.823 202.026 4.4 3.7 2.1

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

244.269 248.392 253.096 5.0 3.6 1.9

Durables

104.280 103.964 103.064 -3.0 -1.2 -0.9

Services

277.252 277.548 277.805 1.7 0.2 0.1

Rent of shelter(2)

249.880 250.294 251.181 2.5 0.5 0.4

Transportation services

306.487 305.142 305.315 2.0 -0.4 0.1

Other services

307.372 308.224 308.634 0.0 0.4 0.1
 

Special aggregate indexes:

 
 

All items less medical care

213.487 214.228 215.111 1.5 0.8 0.4

All items less food

220.267 220.940 221.643 1.6 0.6 0.3

All items less shelter

216.124 216.993 217.581 1.1 0.7 0.3

Commodities less food

150.857 152.013 153.288 1.2 1.6 0.8

Nondurables

217.846 220.019 222.422 2.5 2.1 1.1

Nondurables less food

197.449 200.431 204.448 4.2 3.5 2.0

Nondurables less food and apparel

243.009 246.851 251.203 4.7 3.4 1.8

Services less rent of shelter(2)

281.387 281.529 281.089 1.1 -0.1 -0.2

Services less medical care services

261.392 261.654 262.030 1.9 0.2 0.1

Energy

196.758 200.819 205.543 7.5 4.5 2.4

All items less energy

228.823 229.174 229.357 0.9 0.2 0.1

All items less food and energy

226.739 226.943 227.090 0.9 0.2 0.1

Commodities less food and energy commodities

146.638 146.622 146.242 -1.2 -0.3 -0.3

Energy commodities

204.091 212.770 224.616 12.4 10.1 5.6

Services less energy services

287.786 288.156 288.698 1.7 0.3 0.2

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a December 1984=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
 

Regions defined as the four Census regions. Midwest includes Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.
 

 

Last Modified Date: Friday, October 13, 2017