Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

News Release Information

21-1989-KAN
Wednesday, November 10, 2021

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (816) 285-7000

Consumer Price Index, Midwest Region – October 2021

Area prices were up 0.8 percent over the past month, up 6.6 percent from a year ago

Prices in the Midwest Region, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), increased 0.8 percent in October, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See table A.) Food prices were up 1.0 percent in October and energy costs rose 2.2 percent. The all items less food and energy index increased 0.7 percent in October due to advances in the indexes for shelter and used cars and trucks. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U increased 6.6 percent. (See chart 1.) The index for all items less food and energy increased 4.6 percent over the year. Energy prices jumped 33.3 percent, largely the result of an increase in the price of gasoline. Food prices rose 6.0 percent. (See table 1.)


Food

Food prices increased 1.0 percent for the month of October. Prices for food at home increased 1.4 percent, and prices for food away from home increased 0.5 percent for the same period.

Over the year, food prices rose 6.0 percent. Prices for food at home increased 6.4 percent since a year ago, and prices for food away from home increased 5.6 percent.

Energy

The energy index rose 2.2 percent over the month. The increase was mainly due to higher prices for gasoline (3.6 percent). Prices for natural gas service rose 7.1 percent, while prices for electricity decreased 3.7 percent for the same period.

Energy prices jumped 33.3 percent over the year, largely due to higher prices for gasoline (53.0 percent). Prices paid for natural gas service jumped 42.8 percent, and prices for electricity rose 2.3 percent during the past year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy increased 0.7 percent in October. Higher prices for shelter (0.5 percent) and used cars and trucks (2.5 percent) were contributing factors.

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy increased 4.6 percent. Components contributing to the increase included shelter (4.2 percent) and new and used motor vehicles (14.5 percent).

Table A. Midwest region CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

0.7 2.2 0.6 1.6 0.2 0.8 0.4 2.5 0.5 1.2

February

0.2 2.4 0.2 1.7 0.7 1.3 0.3 2.1 0.8 1.7

March

0.1 1.9 0.2 1.8 0.6 1.7 -0.5 1.0 0.7 3.0

April

0.4 1.8 0.4 1.8 0.3 1.5 -1.1 -0.4 0.8 4.9

May

0.0 1.4 0.5 2.3 0.3 1.3 0.3 -0.4 1.0 5.6

June

0.0 0.9 0.2 2.5 0.0 1.2 0.8 0.4 1.0 5.8

July

0.0 1.3 0.0 2.4 0.2 1.5 0.5 0.7 0.6 5.9

August

0.3 1.5 0.0 2.1 0.0 1.5 0.4 1.1 0.2 5.7

September

0.3 1.5 0.1 1.9 0.0 1.4 0.2 1.3 0.2 5.7

October

-0.2 1.5 0.1 2.2 0.2 1.5 -0.1 1.0 0.8 6.6

November

0.2 1.9 -0.6 1.4 -0.2 1.9 -0.2 1.0

December

-0.2 1.7 -0.4 1.3 0.0 2.3 0.1 1.1

The November 2021 Consumer Price Index for the Midwest Region is scheduled to be released on Friday, December 10, 2021.

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic Impact on October 2021 Consumer Price Index Data

Data collection by personal visit for the Consumer Price Index (CPI) program has been suspended almost entirely since March 16, 2020. When possible, data normally collected by personal visit were collected either online or by phone. Additionally, data collection in October 2021 was affected by the temporary closing or limited operations of certain types of establishments. These factors resulted in an increase in the number of prices considered temporarily unavailable and imputed.

While the CPI program attempted to collect as much data as possible, many indexes are based on smaller amounts of collected prices than usual, and a small number of indexes that are normally published were not published this month. Additional information is available at www.bls.gov/covid19/effects-of-covid-19-pandemic-on-consumer-price-index.htm.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total U.S. population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total U.S. population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date; for most of the CPI-U the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. An increase of 7 percent from the reference base, for example, is shown as 107.000.  Alternatively, that relationship can also be expressed as the price of a base period market basket of goods and services rising from $100 to $107. For further details see the CPI home page on the internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the CPI section of the BLS Handbook of Methods available on the internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/cpi/.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Midwest region is comprised of Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.

Information in this release will be made available to individuals with sensory impairments upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods, Midwest Region, (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted) (not seasonally adjusted)
Expenditure category Indexes Percent change from
Aug.
2021
Sep.
2021
Oct.
2021
Oct.
2020
Aug.
2021
Sep.
2021

All items

255.142 255.709 257.793 6.6 1.0 0.8

All items (December 1977 = 100)

415.130 416.052 419.443      

Food and beverages

266.048 268.655 270.883 5.7 1.8 0.8

Food

266.100 268.772 271.335 6.0 2.0 1.0

Food at home

243.148 245.802 249.139 6.4 2.5 1.4

Cereals and bakery products

271.032 272.023 275.701 4.0 1.7 1.4

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

280.923 286.760 288.098 10.9 2.6 0.5

Dairy and related products

210.474 211.399 212.930 3.3 1.2 0.7

Fruits and vegetables

282.140 281.599 287.671 5.5 2.0 2.2

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

174.915 177.459 178.911 7.5 2.3 0.8

Other food at home

206.576 209.631 214.122 5.0 3.7 2.1

Food away from home

303.828 306.560 307.993 5.6 1.4 0.5

Alcoholic beverages

263.907 265.691 263.730 1.4 -0.1 -0.7

Housing

249.750 251.165 252.586 5.8 1.1 0.6

Shelter

297.007 297.995 299.370 4.2 0.8 0.5

Rent of primary residence(1)

297.715 299.054 300.024 3.5 0.8 0.3

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(1)(2)

302.306 303.666 305.161 3.6 0.9 0.5

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(1)(2)

302.218 303.582 305.072 3.6 0.9 0.5

Fuels and utilities

248.051 251.492 252.684 13.1 1.9 0.5

Household energy

202.624 206.169 207.489 16.3 2.4 0.6

Energy services(1)

209.796 213.068 213.649 15.0 1.8 0.3

Electricity(1)

215.281 215.015 207.141 2.3 -3.8 -3.7

Utility (piped) gas service(1)

187.286 195.943 209.867 42.8 12.1 7.1

Household furnishings and operations

125.239 126.694 128.294 8.8 2.4 1.3

Apparel

109.793 112.764 114.918 2.2 4.7 1.9

Transportation

232.393 230.233 233.869 18.9 0.6 1.6

Private transportation

231.550 229.930 233.468 19.8 0.8 1.5

New and used motor vehicles(3)

118.732 117.280 118.647 14.5 -0.1 1.2

New vehicles

152.843 154.600 154.523 9.8 1.1 0.0

New cars and trucks(3)(4)

108.037 109.271 109.221 9.8 1.1 0.0

New cars(4)

149.986 151.698 151.004 8.0 0.7 -0.5

Used cars and trucks

197.797 190.025 194.686 26.1 -1.6 2.5

Motor fuel

277.002 277.264 287.353 53.0 3.7 3.6

Gasoline (all types)

275.912 276.092 286.005 53.0 3.7 3.6

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

269.193 269.348 279.256 54.3 3.7 3.7

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

317.537 318.098 327.821 46.7 3.2 3.1

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

295.868 296.253 304.170 41.2 2.8 2.7

Motor vehicle insurance(6)

740.830 741.585 736.807 8.0 -0.5 -0.6

Medical care

523.732 521.982 523.379 0.6 -0.1 0.3

Medical care commodities

371.226 370.263 369.884 -2.3 -0.4 -0.1

Medical care services

574.379 572.372 574.339 1.2 0.0 0.3

Professional services

439.047 437.914 437.642 1.8 -0.3 -0.1

Recreation(3)

126.790 125.820 126.909 2.6 0.1 0.9

Education and communication(3)

141.308 141.890 142.260 0.8 0.7 0.3

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(6)

1,219.672 1,226.770 1,227.067 0.6 0.6 0.0

Other goods and services

458.956 458.443 463.890 4.4 1.1 1.2

Commodity and service group

Commodities

196.461 197.314 199.863 10.9 1.7 1.3

Commodities less food and beverages

162.393 162.574 165.124 14.3 1.7 1.6

Nondurables less food and beverages

203.475 205.073 208.738 15.0 2.6 1.8

Durables

119.329 118.648 120.242 13.6 0.8 1.3

Services

315.258 315.491 317.009 3.8 0.6 0.5

Special aggregate indexes

All items less shelter

242.553 242.983 245.313 7.7 1.1 1.0

All items less medical care

242.452 243.133 245.254 7.3 1.2 0.9

Commodities less food

165.614 165.837 168.277 13.7 1.6 1.5

Nondurables

234.142 236.228 239.224 9.8 2.2 1.3

Nondurables less food

206.618 208.223 211.524 13.8 2.4 1.6

Services less rent of shelter(2)

344.117 343.507 345.139 3.4 0.3 0.5

Services less medical care services

295.913 296.328 297.816 4.2 0.6 0.5

Energy

236.320 238.393 243.658 33.3 3.1 2.2

All items less energy

260.336 260.771 262.589 4.8 0.9 0.7

All items less food and energy

260.080 260.120 261.811 4.6 0.7 0.7

(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(6) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base.

Note: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, November 10, 2021