News Release Information

18-91-KAN
Friday, January 12, 2018

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (816) 285-7000

Consumer Price Index, St. Louis – Second Half 2017

Prices increased 1.6 percent from the second half of 2016 to the second half of 2017

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) for the St. Louis, Mo.-Ill., metropolitan area increased 1.6 percent from the second half of 2016 to the second half of 2017, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Stanley W. Suchman noted that the increase was broad based with energy costs rising 9.8 percent and food prices up 2.1 percent. The all items less food and energy index, which includes shelter, rose 0.7 percent over the year.

Food

Food prices rose 2.1 percent from the second half of 2016 to the second half of 2017, compared to a 0.7-percent decrease in the same period one year ago. Costs for food at home were up 1.8 percent and prices for food away from home increased 2.7 percent. During the same period one year ago, these indexes declined 2.5 percent and rose 2.0 percent, respectively.

Energy

The energy index, which includes motor fuel and household fuels, turned up 9.8 percent from the second half of 2016 to the second half of 2017 after decreasing 5.4 percent in the same period one year ago. Costs for utility (piped) gas service rose 16.0 percent, gasoline prices were up 10.2 percent and electricity prices advanced 5.5 percent over the year. In the same period one year ago, prices for utility (piped) gas service decreased 3.6 percent, electricity costs declined 5.5 percent and gasoline prices were down 5.8 percent.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy rose a moderate 0.7 percent from the second half of 2016 to the second half of 2017, following an increase of 2.0 percent in the same period one year ago. Among the expenditure categories posting higher costs were shelter (1.0 percent) and medical care (2.8 percent). In contrast, the index for education and communication (-4.5 percent) was among the components that registered lower prices over the year.

The St. Louis CPI-U stood at 225.809 for the second half of 2017. This means that a market basket of goods and services that cost $100.00 in the 1982-84 base period cost $225.81 in the second half of 2017. Because metropolitan area CPI data are not adjusted for seasonal price variation, consumers and businesses should be cautious in drawing conclusions about long-term retail price trends from short-term changes in the metropolitan area indexes.

CPI-W

The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) for the St. Louis, Mo.-Ill., metropolitan area for the second half of 2017 was 223.583. The CPI-W increased 1.6 percent from the second half of 2016 to the second half of 2017.

The Consumer Price Index for February 2018 is scheduled to be released on March 13, 2018.

Consumer Price Index Geographic Revision for 2018

In January 2018, BLS will introduce a new geographic area sample for the Consumer Price Index (CPI). This index will change to a bimonthly publication schedule beginning in February 2018. The first indexes using the new structure will be published in February 2018. Additional information on the geographic revision is available at: www.bls.gov/cpi/georevision2018.htm.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 89 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 28 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 24,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between areas; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The St. Louis, Mo.-Ill., area covered in this release includes Clinton, Jersey, Madison, Monroe, and St. Clair Counties in Illinois; and Crawford (part), Franklin, Jefferson, Lincoln, St. Charles, St. Louis, and Warren Counties and St. Louis City in Missouri.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes for semiannual averages and percent changes for selected periods

St. Louis, MO-IL (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

 
Semiannual average indexes
 
Percent change to
2nd half 2017 from-
2nd half
2016
1st half
2017
2nd half
2017
2nd half
2016
1st half
2017

Expenditure category

 
 

All Items

222.357 223.685 225.809 1.6 0.9

All items (1967=100)

660.438 664.381 670.688    

Food and beverages

247.099 250.122 252.180 2.1 0.8

Food

246.273 249.190 251.548 2.1 0.9

Food at home

226.344 228.499 230.324 1.8 0.8

Food away from home

279.287 283.495 286.754 2.7 1.1

Alcoholic beverages

228.984 232.856 231.333 1.0 -0.7

Housing

216.203 216.917 219.925 1.7 1.4

Shelter

251.360 254.321 253.852 1.0 -0.2

Rent of primary residence(1)

227.178 230.141 232.463 2.3 1.0

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(1)(2)

262.060 263.260 263.917 0.7 0.2

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)(2)

262.060 263.260 263.917 0.7 0.2

Fuels and utilities

216.280 209.856 233.984 8.2 11.5

Household energy

195.802 187.732 214.283 9.4 14.1

Energy services(1)

200.287 191.124 218.236 9.0 14.2

Electricity(1)

219.923 197.629 232.024 5.5 17.4

Utility (piped) gas service(1)

141.849 151.397 164.535 16.0 8.7

Household furnishings and operations

121.307 119.652 120.248 -0.9 0.5

Apparel

154.237 159.034 158.311 2.6 -0.5

Transportation

181.137 184.218 185.550 2.4 0.7

Private transportation

181.081 183.845 185.939 2.7 1.1

Motor fuel

200.586 213.314 221.153 10.3 3.7

Gasoline (all types)

197.398 209.921 217.593 10.2 3.7

Gasoline, unleaded regular(3)

189.682 201.620 209.139 10.3 3.7

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(3)(4)

234.009 249.702 258.668 10.5 3.6

Gasoline, unleaded premium(3)

206.357 219.871 227.144 10.1 3.3

Medical Care

428.846 438.783 441.048 2.8 0.5

Recreation(5)

119.109 119.122 118.748 -0.3 -0.3

Education and communication(5)

137.008 129.616 130.793 -4.5 0.9

Other goods and services

307.199 311.550 319.902 4.1 2.7
 

Commodity and Service Group

 
 

All Items

222.357 223.685 225.809 1.6 0.9

Commodities

182.983 185.259 186.465 1.9 0.7

Commodities less food & beverages

150.608 152.500 153.331 1.8 0.5

Nondurables less food & beverages

200.139 206.891 210.987 5.4 2.0

Durables

104.675 103.114 101.662 -2.9 -1.4

Services

263.016 263.510 266.514 1.3 1.1
 

Special aggregate indexes:

 
 

All items less medical care

212.051 212.946 215.063 1.4 1.0

All items less shelter

214.023 214.759 217.868 1.8 1.4

Commodities less food

154.059 156.025 156.791 1.8 0.5

Nondurables

224.112 229.151 232.313 3.7 1.4

Nondurables less food

203.269 209.861 213.591 5.1 1.8

Services less rent of shelter(2)

282.066 279.986 286.896 1.7 2.5

Services less medical care services

247.122 247.136 250.666 1.4 1.4

Energy

198.956 199.788 218.438 9.8 9.3

All items less energy

227.495 228.887 229.517 0.9 0.3

All items less food and energy

224.403 225.552 225.908 0.7 0.2

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a November 1982=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
 

Table 2. Consumer Price Index for Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): Indexes for semiannual averages and percent changes for selected periods

St. Louis, MO-IL (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

 
Semiannual average indexes
 
Percent change to
2nd half 2017 from-
2nd half
2016
1st half
2017
2nd half
2017
2nd half
2016
1st half
2017

Expenditure category

 
 

All Items

220.082 221.049 223.583 1.6 1.1

All items (1967=100)

647.493 650.338 657.793    

Food and beverages

248.523 251.170 253.229 1.9 0.8

Food

248.068 250.548 253.118 2.0 1.0

Food at home

229.296 231.126 233.404 1.8 1.0

Food away from home

280.401 284.154 287.257 2.4 1.1

Alcoholic beverages

221.257 224.807 222.874 0.7 -0.9

Housing

219.382 219.747 224.069 2.1 2.0

Shelter

252.094 254.749 255.082 1.2 0.1

Rent of primary residence(1)

227.178 230.141 232.463 2.3 1.0

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(1)(2)

240.084 241.184 241.785 0.7 0.2

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)(2)

240.084 241.184 241.785 0.7 0.2

Fuels and utilities

221.286 214.668 240.008 8.5 11.8

Household energy

199.303 191.236 218.594 9.7 14.3

Energy services(1)

204.933 194.793 222.823 8.7 14.4

Electricity(1)

219.922 197.628 232.022 5.5 17.4

Utility (piped) gas service(1)

141.849 151.397 164.536 16.0 8.7

Household furnishings and operations

113.773 112.403 113.429 -0.3 0.9

Apparel

145.726 151.284 148.831 2.1 -1.6

Transportation

184.120 186.858 188.424 2.3 0.8

Private transportation

183.116 185.649 187.670 2.5 1.1

Motor fuel

200.405 213.125 221.004 10.3 3.7

Gasoline (all types)

197.398 209.922 217.593 10.2 3.7

Gasoline, unleaded regular(3)

189.673 201.610 209.130 10.3 3.7

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(3)(4)

234.009 249.702 258.668 10.5 3.6

Gasoline, unleaded premium(3)

206.366 219.882 227.155 10.1 3.3

Medical Care

432.039 441.201 442.030 2.3 0.2

Recreation(5)

120.351 120.476 120.160 -0.2 -0.3

Education and communication(5)

130.503 122.853 124.253 -4.8 1.1

Other goods and services

328.887 335.107 345.181 5.0 3.0
 

Commodity and Service Group

 
 

All Items

220.082 221.049 223.583 1.6 1.1

Commodities

185.765 187.986 189.031 1.8 0.6

Commodities less food & beverages

154.589 156.573 157.166 1.7 0.4

Nondurables less food & beverages

195.737 202.547 205.568 5.0 1.5

Durables

113.249 111.701 110.550 -2.4 -1.0

Services

261.116 260.722 264.929 1.5 1.6
 

Special aggregate indexes:

 
 

All items less medical care

211.471 212.131 214.720 1.5 1.2

All items less shelter

211.009 211.436 214.697 1.7 1.5

Commodities less food

157.439 159.494 159.964 1.6 0.3

Nondurables

221.891 226.663 229.214 3.3 1.1

Nondurables less food

198.037 204.491 206.985 4.5 1.2

Services less rent of shelter(2)

259.359 256.001 263.948 1.8 3.1

Services less medical care services

246.006 245.179 249.867 1.6 1.9

Energy

196.685 197.767 216.244 9.9 9.3

All items less energy

225.102 226.067 226.933 0.8 0.4

All items less food and energy

220.287 220.973 221.524 0.6 0.2

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a November 1984=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
 

 

Last Modified Date: Friday, January 12, 2018