Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

News Release Information

22-25-KAN
Wednesday, January 12, 2022

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (816) 285-7000

Consumer Price Index, St. Louis – December 2021

Area prices rise 0.8 percent in November and December, up 8.3 percent over the year

Prices in the St. Louis area, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), increased 0.8 percent for the two months ending in December 2021, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Michael Hirniak noted that a 0.7-percent increase in the index for all items less food and energy was the leading factor in the rise, but higher prices for energy and food also contributed. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, bi-monthly changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U advanced 8.3 percent. (See chart 1.) The index for all items less food and energy increased 6.3 percent over the year. Energy prices jumped 34.1 percent, largely the result of an increase in the price of gasoline. The food index advanced 8.3 percent. (See table 1.)

Food

Food prices rose 0.6 percent for the two months ending in December. The index for food at home (grocery store prices) increased 1.1 percent, mainly due to price increases for fruits and vegetables. Prices for food away from home (restaurant, cafeteria, and vending purchases) were unchanged for the same period.

During the 12 months ending in December 2021, food prices increased 8.3 percent. Prices for food away from home jumped 11.0 percent, and prices for food at home advanced 6.2 percent since a year ago.

Energy

The energy index rose 2.5 percent for the two months ending in December. The increase was almost entirely due to higher prices for natural gas service (+16.1 percent). Prices for electricity increased 1.3 percent, while prices for gasoline decreased 0.6 percent for the same period.

Energy prices jumped 34.1 percent over the year, largely due to higher prices for gasoline (+56.7 percent), but all components contributed. Prices paid for natural gas service jumped 31.5 percent, and prices for electricity advanced 7.5 percent during the past year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy advanced 0.7 percent in November and December, after rising 1.1 percent in September and October. Higher prices for owners’ equivalent rent of residences (+1.4 percent), new and used motor vehicles (+3.6 percent), and recreation (+2.2 percent) were partially offset by lower prices for apparel (-3.7 percent), rent of primary residence (-0.7 percent) and other goods and services (-1.0 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy increased 6.3 percent. Components contributing to the increase included shelter (+5.4 percent), new and used motor vehicles (+20.1 percent), and household furnishings and operations (+6.6 percent).

The February 2022 Consumer Price Index for the St. Louis area is scheduled to be released on Thursday, March 10, 2022.

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic Impact on December 2021 Consumer Price Index Data

Data collection by personal visit for the Consumer Price Index (CPI) program has been suspended almost entirely since March 16, 2020. When possible, data normally collected by personal visit were collected either online or by phone. Additionally, data collection in December was affected by the temporary closing or limited operations of certain types of establishments. These factors resulted in an increase in the number of prices considered temporarily unavailable and imputed.

While the CPI program attempted to collect as much data as possible, many indexes are based on smaller amounts of collected prices than usual, and a small number of indexes that are normally published were not published this month.

For each month from March 2020 to December 2021, BLS has published a summary of the impact of the pandemic on the Consumer Price Index news release and data. The impact summary for December is available at www.bls.gov/covid19/consumer-price-index-covid19-impacts-december-2021.htm. Beginning with publication of January 2022 data in February 2022, this month-specific impact summary will be discontinued. However, information related to the impact of the pandemic will continue to be available at www.bls.gov/covid19/effects-of-covid-19-pandemic-on-consumer-price-index.htm.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total U.S. population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total U.S. population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date; for most of the CPI-U the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. An increase of 7 percent from the reference base, for example, is shown as 107.000.  Alternatively, that relationship can also be expressed as the price of a base period market basket of goods and services rising from $100 to $107. For further details see the CPI home page on the internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the CPI section of the BLS Handbook of Methods available on the internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/cpi/.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The St. Louis, MO-IL, area covered in this release includes Bond, Calhoun, Clinton, Jersey, Macoupin, Madison, Monroe, and St. Clair counties in Illinois; and Franklin, Jefferson, Lincoln, St. Charles, St. Louis, and Warren counties and St. Louis City in Missouri.

Information in this release will be made available to individuals with sensory impairments upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods,
St. Louis, MO-IL (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group Indexes Percent change from -
Oct.
2021
Nov.
2021
Dec.
2021
Dec.
2020
Oct.
2021
Nov.
2021

All items

251.624 - 253.618 8.3 0.8 -

All items (1967 = 100)

747.365 - 753.287      

Food and beverages

283.363 - 284.621 7.6 0.4 -

Food

281.662 - 283.364 8.3 0.6 -

Food at home

255.299 257.505 258.004 6.2 1.1 0.2

Cereals and bakery products

224.977 - 220.588 1.4 -2.0 -

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

291.154 - 288.224 10.7 -1.0 -

Dairy and related products

155.285 - 158.856 -2.6 2.3 -

Fruits and vegetables

375.072 - 390.392 1.8 4.1 -

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials(1)

181.974 - 185.598 7.5 2.0 -

Other food at home

256.994 - 261.046 9.5 1.6 -

Food away from home

325.420 - 325.506 11.0 0.0 -

Alcoholic beverages

270.494 - 267.057 0.4 -1.3 -

Housing

244.947 - 247.260 6.2 0.9 -

Shelter

291.043 294.204 292.213 5.4 0.4 -0.7

Rent of primary residence

266.549 269.703 264.686 3.5 -0.7 -1.9

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(2)

297.713 302.100 301.744 4.1 1.4 -0.1

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(2)

297.713 302.100 301.744 4.1 1.4 -0.1

Fuels and utilities

227.009 - 236.790 11.0 4.3 -

Household energy

192.001 195.205 203.818 15.5 6.2 4.4

Energy services

193.124 196.358 205.235 15.2 6.3 4.5

Electricity

187.282 189.392 189.720 7.5 1.3 0.2

Utility (piped) gas service

168.744 173.390 195.837 31.5 16.1 12.9

Household furnishings and operations

131.987 - 133.287 6.6 1.0 -

Apparel

132.589 - 127.620 2.4 -3.7 -

Transportation

221.913 - 225.393 21.7 1.6 -

Private transportation

227.573 - 230.979 22.7 1.5 -

New and used motor vehicles(3)

111.691 - 115.733 20.1 3.6 -

New vehicles(1)

229.176 - 236.440 11.1 3.2 -

Used cars and trucks(1)

420.436 - 447.161 37.9 6.4 -

Motor fuel

291.637 299.950 290.066 56.6 -0.5 -3.3

Gasoline (all types)

286.991 295.141 285.222 56.7 -0.6 -3.4

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

276.641 284.434 274.675 57.8 -0.7 -3.4

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

338.165 348.539 338.435 50.5 0.1 -2.9

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

289.700 298.570 290.717 48.2 0.4 -2.6

Motor vehicle insurance(1)

576.931 - 576.992 8.9 0.0 -

Medical care

492.227 - 493.886 6.3 0.3 -

Recreation(3)

119.899 - 122.558 2.1 2.2 -

Education and communication(3)

149.619 - 150.171 4.2 0.4 -

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare(1)

1,295.548 - 1,299.397 2.7 0.3 -

Other goods and services

334.224 - 330.845 0.6 -1.0 -

Commodity and service group

Commodities

207.421 - 209.089 12.3 0.8 -

Commodities less food and beverages

169.259 - 170.974 15.3 1.0 -

Nondurables less food and beverages

225.677 - 223.640 15.7 -0.9 -

Durables

116.404 - 119.754 14.9 2.9 -

Services

297.756 - 300.093 5.9 0.8 -

Special aggregate indexes

All items less shelter

240.104 - 242.429 9.6 1.0 -

All items less medical care

239.514 - 241.516 8.5 0.8 -

Commodities less food

173.544 - 175.115 14.5 0.9 -

Nondurables

254.871 - 254.424 11.1 -0.2 -

Nondurables less food

230.054 - 227.899 14.1 -0.9 -

Services less rent of shelter(2)

311.920 - 315.545 6.1 1.2 -

Services less medical care services

278.807 - 281.097 5.6 0.8 -

Energy

237.496 242.988 243.454 34.1 2.5 0.2

All items less energy

256.484 - 258.154 6.6 0.7 -

All items less food and energy

252.347 - 254.010 6.3 0.7 -

(1) Indexes on an March 1978=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a November 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Index on a December 1993=100.

- Data not available.

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, January 12, 2022